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Department ofBotany

No. 315
March 2011

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In This Issue

Extinction Threat Growing for Vertebrates

Increasing numbers of birds, mammals and amphibians have moved closer to extinction in the last several decades - but not as far as they would have if no conservation measures at all had been enacted, researchers report. Their study was published by the journal Science.

To assess the status of the world's vertebrates, a large, international research team of 174 scientists lead by Michael Hoffmann of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission and Conservation International analyzed data for over 25,000 vertebrate species categorized on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. They report that one-fifth of species is classified as Threatened, and this figure is increasing. On average, 52 species of mammals, birds and amphibians move one category closer to extinction each year. The tropics, especially Southeast Asia, are home to the highest concentrations of Threatened animals, and the situation for amphibians is particularly serious.

Most declines are reversible, but in 16 percent of cases they have led to extinction. The researchers also asked whether conservation efforts such as establishing protected areas and adopting national legislation have made any measurable contribution to preserving biodiversity. By looking at species whose conservation status has improved in response to some type of conservation measure, Hoffmann and colleagues (including Bruce Collette and Robert Reynolds of the National Museum of Natural History) estimate that overall declines would have been approximately 18 percent worse without any conservation actions. Efforts that dealt with invasive species have been more effective than those attempting to address habitat loss or hunting, the researchers report.

- Adapted from EurekAlert


Increasingly, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing - the mapping of features using imagery acquired either from an aircraft or a satellite - have become important tools for decision making and the applied management of natural resources. Many federal agencies and NGOs rely on GIS and satellite data for their work and are starting to produce their own spatial databases. However, there are few training opportunities for wildlife managers to learn the application of GIS in everyday management situations. The National Zoo is offering courses that will provide hands-on experience for the collection of data, GIS analysis of the data, and map-making using the latest ESRI and ERDAS software. Courses are taught at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal, Virginia, located at the north entrance of the Shenandoah Park approximately 70 miles west of Washington, D.C. Pick-up from Washington Dulles Airport can be arranged.

  • May 16-20, 2011: Introduction to GIS & Remote Sensing for Wildlife Managers. This short course will provide wildlife managers with a working knowledge about the application of GIS and Remote Sensing to the monitoring and management of wildlife and forest vegetation. Exercises in establishing locations with a Global Positioning System (GPS), data input into a GIS, and spatial analysis techniques for GIS will provide hands-on and real world experience during the course.
  • May 23-27, 2011: Advanced Conservation GIS & Remote Sensing Course. This one-week course provides biologists and wildlife managers with an opportunity to learn how GIS and remote sensing can be used to assess the conservation status of endangered species.

For more information, visit or e-mail

Future Generations

The Future Generations Graduate School seeks applications for its Master's Degree program in Applied Community Change and Conservation. The next class begins September 2011. Applications are due May 1, 2011. This M.A. program is geared toward mid-career community development practitioners and social entrepreneurs. It allows leaders and organizers to remain in their home countries and continue to serve their communities without having to relocate. For more information, visit or contact the Director of Admissions, at


The Wilderness Society is now accepting applications for the Gloria Barron Wilderness Society Scholarship. The scholarship amount varies from year to year. Historically, we have awarded $10,000 to graduate students in natural resources management, law or policy programs. The scholarship seeks to encourage individuals who have the potential to make a significant positive difference in the long-term protection of wilderness in the United States. The award is made in support of research and preparation of a paper on an aspect of wilderness establishment, protection, or management. The work may apply to a particular landscape or it may address issues broadly. The application deadline is March 31, 2011. For more information, please visit

Current Literature

Adams, W.M. 2010. Conservation plc. Oryx 44(4):482-484.

Aiyadurai, A., Singh, N.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2010. Wildlife hunting by indigenous tribes: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 44(4):564-572.

Allen, S.D., Fathi, Y., Gross, K., and Mace, M. 2010. An optimal and near-optimal strategy to selecting individuals for transfer in captive breeding programs. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2858-2863.

Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., and Rios, E. 2010. A phylogenetic analysis of Neotoma varia (Rodentia: Cricetidae), a rediscovered, endemic, and threatened rodent from Datil Island, Sonora, Mexico. Zootaxa 2647:51-60.

Arlettaz, R., Schaub, M., Fournier, J., Reichlin, T.S., Sierro, A., Watson, J.E.M., and Braunisch, V. 2010. From publications to public actions: when conservation biologists bridge the gap between research and implementation. BioScience 60(10):835-842.

Berger, J., Murray, K.M., Buuveibaatar, B., Dunbar, M.R., and Lkhagvasuren, B. 2010. Capture of ungulates in Central Asia using drive nets: advantages and pitfalls illustrated by the Endangered Mongolian saiga Saiga tatarica mongolica. Oryx 44(4):512-515.

Blackburn, D.C., Evans, B.J., Pessier, A.P., and Vredenburg, V.T. 2010. An enigmatic mortality event in the only population of the Critically Endangered Cameroonian frog Xenopus longipes. Afr. J. Herpetol. 59(2):111-122.

Blouin, M.S., Phillipsen, I.C., and Monsen, K.J. 2010. Population structure and conservation genetics of the Oregon spotted frog, Rana pretiosa. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2179-2194.

Borras, A., Senar, J.C., Alba-Sánchez, F., López-Sáez, J.A., Cabrera, J., Colomé, X., and Cabrera, T. 2010. Citril finches during the winter: patterns of distribution, the role of pines and implications for the conservation of the species. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 33(1):89-115.

Brady, C.J., and Noske, R.A. 2010. Succession in bird and plant communities over a 24-year chronosequence of mine rehabilitation in the Australian monsoon tropics. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):855-864.

Brambilla, M., Casale, F., Bergero, V., Bogliani, G., Crovetto, G.M., Falco, R., Roati, M., and Negri, I. 2010. Glorious past, uncertain present, bad future? Assessing effects of land-use changes on habitat suitability for a threatened farmland bird species. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2770-2778.

Brekke, P., Bennett, P.M., Wang, J.L., Pettorelli, N., and Ewen, J.G. 2010. Sensitive males: inbreeding depression in an endangered bird. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1700):3677-3684.

Brenneis, V.E.F., Sih, A., and de Rivera, C.E. 2010. Coexistence in the intertidal: interactions between the nonindigenous New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum and the native estuarine isopod Gnorimosphaeroma insulare. Oikos 119(11):1755-1764.

Briant, G., Gond, V., and Laurance, S.G.W. 2010. Habitat fragmentation and the desiccation of forest canopies: a case study from eastern Amazonia. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2763-2769.

Brooks, E.G.E., Roberton, S.I., and Bell, D.J. 2010. The conservation impact of commercial wildlife farming of porcupines in Vietnam. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2808-2814.

Burton, J.A., Hallgren, S.W., and Palmer, M.W. 2010. Fire frequency affects structure and composition of xeric forests of eastern Oklahoma. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):370-379.

Bussmann, R.W., Gruhn, J., and Glenn, A. 2010. Axinaea fernando-cabiesii and A. reginae spp. nov. (Melastomataceae) from upper Amazonia of Peru, with notes on the conservation status of A. flava. Nord. J. Bot. 28(5):518-522.

Buzzard, P.J., Zhang, H.B., Xu, D.H., and Wong, H.M. 2010. A globally important wild yak Bos mutus population in the Arjinshan Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China. Oryx 44(4):577-580.

Cabin, R.J., Clewell, A., Ingram, M., McDonald, T., and Temperton, V. 2010. Bridging restoration science and practice: results and analysis of a survey from the 2009 Society for Ecological Restoration International Meeting. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):783-788.

Campbell, W.B., Novelo-Gutierrez, R., and Gomez-Anaya, J.A. 2010. Distributions of odonate richness and diversity with elevation depend on windward or leeward aspect: implications for research and conservation planning. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(4):302-312.

Cantú-Salazar, L., and Gaston, K.J. 2010. Very large protected areas and their contribution to terrestrial biological conservation. BioScience 60(10):808-818.

Carvalho, E.A.R., and Pezzuti, J.C.B. 2010. Hunting of jaguars and pumas in the Tapajós-Arapiuns Extractive Reserve, Brazilian Amazonia. Oryx 44(4):610-612.

Chiron, F., Filippi-Codaccioni, O., Jiguet, F., and Devictor, V. 2010. Effects of non-cropped landscape diversity on spatial dynamics of farmland birds in intensive farming systems. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2609-2616.

Cingolani, A.M., Vaieretti, M.V., Gurvich, D.E., Giorgis, M.A., and Cabido, M. 2010. Predicting alpha, beta and gamma plant diversity from physiognomic and physical indicators as a tool for ecosystem monitoring. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2570-2577.

Clergeau, P., Fourcy, D., Reeber, S., and Yésou, P. 2010. New but nice? Do alien sacred ibises Threskiornis aethiopicus stabilize nesting colonies of native spoonbills Platalea leucorodia at Grand-Lieu Lake, France? Oryx 44(4):533-538.

Cobo, F., Vieira-Lanero, R., Rego, E., and Servia, M.J. 2010. Temporal trends in non-indigenous freshwater species records during the 20th century: a case study in the Iberian Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3471-3487.

Cockle, K.L., Martin, K., and Drever, M.C. 2010. Supply of tree-holes limits nest density of cavity-nesting birds in primary and logged subtropical Atlantic forest. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2851-2857.

Connop, S., Hill, T., Steer, J., and Shaw, P. 2010. The role of dietary breadth in national bumblebee (Bombus) declines: simple correlation? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2739-2746.

Conroy, M.J., Cooper, R.J., Rush, S.A., Stodola, K.W., Nuse, B.L., and Woodrey, M.S. 2010. Effective use of data from marshbird monitoring programs for conservation decision-making. Waterbirds 33(3):397-404.

Curi, N.H.D., Araújo, A.S., Campos, F.S., Lobato, Z.I.P., Gennari, S.M., Marvulo, M.F.V., Silva, J.C.R., and Talamoni, S.A. 2010. Wild canids, domestic dogs and their pathogens in Southeast Brazil: disease threats for canid conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3513-3524.

David, J.F., and Handa, I.T. 2010. The ecology of saprophagous macroarthropods (millipedes, woodlice) in the context of global change. Biol. Rev. 85(4):881-895.

Davis, A.P., and Luke, Q.W.R. 2010. Vangueriopsis shimbaensis sp. nov. (Rubiaceae) from Kenya. Nord. J. Bot. 28(5):513-515.

Davison, M.A., and Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2010. Role of human-modified habitat in protecting specialist species: a case study in the threatened Florida Scrub-Jay. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2815-2822.

Deichmann, J.L., Williamson, G.B., Lima, A.P., and Allmon, W.D. 2010. A note on amphibian decline in a central Amazonian lowland forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3619-3627.

Delvaux, C., Sinsin, B., and Van Damme, P. 2010. Impact of season, stem diameter and intensity of debarking on survival and bark re-growth pattern of medicinal tree species, Benin, West Africa. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2664-2671.

Dias, E., and Melo, C. 2010. Factors influencing the distribution of Azorean mountain vegetation: implications for nature conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3311-3326.

Dollo, M., Gopi, G.V., Teegalapalli, K., and Mazumdar, K. 2010. Conservation of the orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel Dremomys lokriah using a traditional knowledge system: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Oryx 44(4):573-576.

Dong, L., Zhang, J., Sun, Y., Liu, Y., Zhang, Y.Y., and Zheng, G.M. 2010. Phylogeographic patterns and conservation units of a vulnerable species, Cabot's tragopan (Tragopan caboti), endemic to southeast China. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2231-2242.

Donoso, M., and Dutton, P.H. 2010. Sea turtle bycatch in the Chilean pelagic longline fishery in the southeastern Pacific: opportunities for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2672-2684.

Drovetski, S.V., and Fadeev, I.V. 2010. Mitochondrial DNA suggests independent evolutionary history and population decline of the Menzbir's pipit (Anthus gustavi menzbieri). Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2419-2423.

Dudley, N., Parrish, J.D., Redford, K.H., and Stolton, S. 2010. The revised IUCN protected area management categories: the debate and ways forward. Oryx 44(4):485-490.

Duffy, D.C. 2010. Changing seabird management in Hawai'i: from exploitation through management to restoration. Waterbirds 33(2):193-207.

Eigenbrod, F., Armsworth, P.R., Anderson, B.J., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B., Thomas, C.D., and Gaston, K.J. 2010. Error propagation associated with benefits transfer-based mapping of ecosystem services. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2487-2493.

Evans, M.E.K., Holsinger, K.E., and Menges, E.S. 2010. Fire, vital rates, and population viability: a hierarchical Bayesian analysis of the endangered Florida scrub mint. Ecol. Monogr. 80(4):627-649.

Faille, G., Dussault, C., Ouellet, J.P., Fortin, D., Courtois, R., and St-Laurent, M.H. 2010. Range fidelity: the missing link between caribou decline and habitat alteration? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2840-2850.

Fant, J.B., Banai, A., Havens, K., and Vitt, P. 2010. Hybridization between the threatened plant, Lespedeza leptostachya Englem. and its co-occurring congener Lespedeza capitata Michx.: morphological and molecular evidence. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2195-2205.

Fattorini, S. 2010. Biotope prioritisation in the Central Apennines (Italy): species rarity and cross-taxon congruence. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3413-3429.

Feng, J.M., and Zhu, Y.Y. 2010. Alien invasive plants in China: risk assessment and spatial patterns. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3489-3497.

Flanagan, R.J., Mitchell, R.J., and Karron, J.D. 2010. Increased relative abundance of an invasive competitor for pollination, Lythrum salicaria, reduces seed number in Mimulus ringens. Oecologia 164(2):445-454.

Fluker, B.L., Kuhajda, B.R., Lang, N.J., and Harris, P.M. 2010. Low genetic diversity and small long-term population sizes in the spring endemic watercress darter, Etheostoma nuchale. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2267-2279.

Frances, A.L., Adams, C.R., and Norcini, J.G. 2010. Importance of seed and microsite limitation: native wildflower establishment in non-native pasture. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):944-953.

Freedman, A.H., Buermann, W., Mitchard, E.T.A., DeFries, R.S., and Smith, T.B. 2010. Human impacts flatten rainforest-savanna gradient and reduce adaptive diversity in a rainforest bird. PLoS ONE 5(9):e13088.

Funk, J.L., and McDaniel, S. 2010. Altering light availability to restore invaded forest: the predictive role of plant traits. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):865-872.

Gallaher, T., and Merlin, M. 2010. Biology and impacts of Pacific island invasive species. 6. Prosopis pallida and Prosopis juliflora (Algarroba, Mesquite, Kiawe) (Fabaceae). Pacific Sci. 64(4):489-526.

Gaos, A.R., Abreu-Grobois, F.A., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Amorocho, D., Arauz, R., Baquero, A., Briseño, R., Chacón, D., Dueñas, C., Hasbún, C., Liles, M., Mariona, G., Muccio, C., Muñoz, J.P., Nichols, W.J., Peña, M., Seminoff, J.A., Vásquez, M., Urteaga, J., Wallace, B., Yañez, I.L., and Zárate, P. 2010. Signs of hope in the eastern Pacific: international collaboration reveals encouraging status for a severely depleted population of hawksbill turtles Eretmochelys imbricata. Oryx 44(4):595-601.

Gareca, E.E., Hermy, M., Fjeldså, J., and Honnay, O. 2010. Polylepis woodland remnants as biodiversity islands in the Bolivian high Andes. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3327-3346.

Garzón-Machado, V., González-Mancebo, J.M., Palomares-Martínez, A., Acevedo-Rodríguez, A., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Del-Arco-Aguilar, M., and Pérez-de-Paz, P.L. 2010. Strong negative effect of alien herbivores on endemic legumes of the Canary pine forest. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2685-2694.

Gavashelishvili, A., and Javakhishvili, Z. 2010. Combining radio-telemetry and random observations to model the habitat of Near Threatened Caucasian grouse Tetrao mlokosiewiczi. Oryx 44(4):491-500.

Ghoddousi, A., Hamidi, A.K., Ghadirian, T., Ashayeri, D., and Khorozyan, I. 2010. The status of the Endangered Persian leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor in Bamu National Park, Iran. Oryx 44(4):551-557.

Gibson, L., McNeill, A., de Tores, P., Wayne, A., and Yates, C. 2010. Will future climate change threaten a range restricted endemic species, the quokka (Setonix brachyurus), in south west Australia? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2453-2461.

Girard, P., Takekawa, J.Y., and Beissinger, S.R. 2010. Uncloaking a cryptic, threatened rail with molecular markers: origins, connectivity and demography of a recently-discovered population. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2409-2418.

Glenn, E.M., Anthony, R.G., and Forsman, E.D. 2010. Population trends in northern spotted owls: associations with climate in the Pacific Northwest. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2543-2552.

Gong, W., Gu, L., and Zhang, D.X. 2010. Low genetic diversity and high genetic divergence caused by inbreeding and geographical isolation in the populations of endangered species Loropetalum subcordatum (Hamamelidaceae) endemic to China. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2281-2288.

Greenwood, C. 2010. Complexity, simplification: funding conservation. Oryx 44(4):465-466.

Groc, S., Delabie, J.H.C., Longino, J.T., Drivel, J., Majer, J.D., Vasconcelos, H.L., and Dejean, A. 2010. A new method based on taxonomic sufficiency to simplify studies on Neotropical ant assemblages. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2832-2839.

Gustafsson, L., and Perhans, K. 2010. Biodiversity conservation in Swedish forests: ways forward for a 30-year-old multi-scaled approach. Ambio 39(8):546-554.

Hájek, M., Hájková, P., Apostolova, I., Horsák, M., Rozbrojová, Z., Sopotlieva, D., and Velev, N. 2010. The insecure future of Bulgarian refugial mires: economic progress versus Natura 2000. Oryx 44(4):539-546.

Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Llewellyn, O., Abbasi, T.M., Al-Harbi, R.J., Al-Wetaid, A.H., and Al-Shammari, K.F. 2010. A conservation assessment of Douepea arabica (Brassicaceae): a Critically Endangered plant species from Saudi Arabia. Oryx 44(4):547-550.

Hall, S.L., Barton, C.D., and Baskin, C.C. 2010. Topsoil seed bank of an oak-hickory forest in eastern Kentucky as a restoration tool on surface mines. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):834-842.

Hammersmark, C.T., Dobrowski, S.Z., Rains, M.C., and Mount, J.F. 2010. Simulated effects of stream restoration on the distribution of wet-meadow vegetation. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):882-893.

Hardiman, N., and Burgin, S. 2010. Preliminary assessment of freshwater crayfish as environmental indicators of human impacts in canyons of the Blue Mountains, Australia. J. Crustacean Biol. 30(4):770-777.

Hebblewhite, M., Musiani, M., and Mills, L.S. 2010. Restoration of genetic connectivity among Northern Rockies wolf populations. Mol. Ecol. 19(20):4383-4385.

Herrero, J., Garin, I., Prada, C., and García-Serrano, A. 2010. Inter-agency coordination fosters the recovery of the Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica at its western limit. Oryx 44(4):529-532.

Hodgson, J.A., Kunin, W.E., Thomas, C.D., Benton, T.G., and Gabriel, D. 2010. Comparing organic farming and land sparing: optimizing yield and butterfly populations at a landscape scale. Ecol. Lett. 13(11):1358-1367.

Hoffmann, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Angulo, A., Böhm, M., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Carpenter, K.E., Chanson, J., Collen, B., Cox, N.A., Darwall, W.R.T., Dulvy, N.K., Harrison, L.R., Katariya, V., Pollock, C.M., Quader, S., Richman, N.I., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Tognelli, M.F., Vié, J.C., Aguiar, J.M., Allen, D.J., Allen, G.R., Amori, G., Ananjeva, N.B., Andreone, F., Andrew, P., Ortiz, A.L.A., Baillie, J.E.M., Baldi, R., Bell, B.D., Biju, S.D., Bird, J.P., Black-Decima, P., Blanc, J.J., Bolaños, F., Bolivar, W., Burfield, I.J., Burton, J.A., Capper, D.R., Castro, F., Catullo, G., Cavanagh, R.D., Channing, A., Chao, N.L., Chenery, A.M., Chiozza, F., Clausnitzer, V., Collar, N.J., Collett, L.C., Collette, B.B., Fernandez, C.F.C., Craig, M.T., Crosby, M.J., Cumberlidge, N., Cuttelod, A., Derocher, A.E., Diesmos, A.C., Donaldson, J.S., Duckworth, J.W., Dutson, G., Dutta, S.K., Emslie, R.H., Farjon, A., Fowler, S., Freyhof, J., Garshelis, D.L., Gerlach, J., Gower, D.J., Grant, T.D., Hammerson, G.A., Harris, R.B., Heaney, L.R., Hedges, S.B., Hero, J.M., Hughes, B., Hussain, S.A., Icochea, J., Inger, R.F., Ishii, N., Iskandar, D.T., Jenkins, R.K.B., Kaneko, Y., Kottelat, M., Kovacs, K.M., Kuzmin, S.L., La Marca, E., Lamoreux, J.F., Lau, M.W.N., Lavilla, E.O., Leus, K., Lewison, R.L., Lichtenstein, G., Livingstone, S.R., Lukoschek, V., Mallon, D.P., McGowan, P.J.K., McIvor, A., Moehlman, P.D., Molur, S., Alonso, A.M., Musick, J.A., Nowell, K., Nussbaum, R.A., Olech, W., Orlov, N.L., Papenfuss, T.J., Parra-Olea, G., Perrin, W.F., Polidoro, B.A., Pourkazemi, M., Racey, P.A., Ragle, J.S., Ram, M., Rathbun, G., Reynolds, R.P., Rhodin, A.G.J., Richards, S.J., Rodríguez, L.O., Ron, S.R., Rondinini, C., Rylands, A.B., de Mitcheson, Y.S., Sanciangco, J.C., Sanders, K.L., Santos-Barrera, G., Schipper, J., Self-Sullivan, C., Shi, Y.C., Shoemaker, A., Short, F.T., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Silvano, D.L., Smith, K.G., Smith, A.T., Snoeks, J., Stattersfield, A.J., Symes, A.J., Taber, A.B., Talukdar, B.K., Temple, H.J., Timmins, R., Tobias, J.A., Tsytsulina, K., Tweddle, D., Ubeda, C., Valenti, S.V., van Dijk, P.P., Veiga, L.M., Veloso, A., Wege, D.C., Wilkinson, M., Williamson, E.A., Xie, F., Young, B.E., Akcakaya, H.R., Bennun, L., Blackburn, T.M., Boitani, L., Dublin, H.T., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Gascon, C., Lacher, T.E., Mace, G.M., Mainka, S.A., McNeely, J.A., Mittermeier, R.A., Reid, G.M., Rodriguez, J.P., Rosenberg, A.A., Samways, M.J., Smart, J., Stein, B.A., and Stuart, S.N. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates. Science 330(6010):1503-1509.

Holdredge, C., Bertness, M.D., von Wettberg, E., and Silliman, B.R. 2010. Nutrient enrichment enhances hidden differences in phenotype to drive a cryptic plant invasion. Oikos 119(11):1776-1784.

Hostetler, J.A., Onorato, D.P., Nichols, J.D., Johnson, W.E., Roelke, M.E., O'Brien, S.J., Jansen, D., and Oli, M.K. 2010. Genetic introgression and the survival of Florida panther kittens. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2789-2796.

Hu, J.H., Hu, H.J., and Jiang, Z.G. 2010. The impacts of climate change on the wintering distribution of an endangered migratory bird. Oecologia 164(2):555-565.

Huff, D.D., Miller, L.M., and Vondracek, B. 2010. Patterns of ancestry and genetic diversity in reintroduced populations of the slimy sculpin: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2379-2391.

Imlay, T.I., Crowley, J.F., Argue, A.M., Steiner, J.C., Norris, D.R., and Stutchbury, B.J.M. 2010. Survival, dispersal and early migration movements of captive-bred juvenile eastern loggerhead shrikes (Lanius ludovicianus migrans). Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2578-2582.

Ioja, C.I., Patroescu, M., Rozylowicz, L., Popescu, V.D., Verghelet, M., Zotta, M.L., and Felciuc, M. 2010. The efficacy of Romania's protected areas network in conserving biodiversity. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2468-2476.

Jakubowski, A.R., Casler, M.D., and Jackson, R.D. 2010. The benefits of harvesting wetland invaders for cellulosic biofuel: an ecosystem services perspective. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):789-795.

Jiguet, F., Devictor, V., Ottvall, R., Van Turnhout, C., Van der Jeugd, H., and Lindstrom, A. 2010. Bird population trends are linearly affected by climate change along species thermal ranges. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1700):3601-3608.

Karberg, J.M., and Gale, M.R. 2010. Exploration of meaningful subspecies definitions of the carnivorous Northern Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia purpurea), throughout its geographic distribution. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2369-2378.

Keller, D., Brodbeck, S., Floss, I., Vonwil, G., and Holderegger, R. 2010. Ecological and genetic measurements of dispersal in a threatened dragonfly. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2658-2663.

Kennedy, C.M., Marra, P.P., Fagan, W.F., and Neel, M.C. 2010. Landscape matrix and species traits mediate responses of Neotropical resident birds to forest fragmentation in Jamaica. Ecol. Monogr. 80(4):651-669.

Khan, A.U. 2010. Evaluating the last remnants of Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze Forest for their in situ conservation: a case study. Environ. Monit. Assess. 170(1-4):171-184.

Klimkowska, A., Kotowski, W., van Diggelen, R., Grootjans, A.P., Dzierza, P., and Brzezinska, K. 2010. Vegetation re-development after fen meadow restoration by topsoil removal and hay transfer. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):924-933.

Knapp, S., and Salomón, J.M. 2010. A simple method for assessing preliminary conservation status of plants at a national level: a case study using the ferns of El Salvador. Oryx 44(4):523-528.

Knittweis, L., and Wolff, M. 2010. Live coral trade impacts on the mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis in Indonesia: potential future management approaches. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2722-2729.

Korfel, C.A., Mitsch, W.J., Hetherington, T.E., and Mack, J.J. 2010. Hydrology, physiochemistry, and amphibians in natural and created vernal pool wetlands. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):843-854.

Krigas, N., Mouflis, G., Grigoriadou, K., and Maloupa, E. 2010. Conservation of important plants from the Ionian Islands at the Balkan Botanic Garden of Kroussia, N Greece: using GIS to link the in situ collection data with plant propagation and ex situ cultivation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3583-3603.

Kubota, H., Watanabe, K., Suguro, N., Tabe, M., Umezawa, K., and Watanabe, S. 2010. Genetic population structure and management units of the endangered Tokyo bitterling, Tanakia tanago (Cyprinidae). Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2343-2355.

Kumschick, S., and Nentwig, W. 2010. Some alien birds have as severe an impact as the most effectual alien mammals in Europe. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2757-2762.

La Sorte, F.A., and Jetz, W. 2010. Projected range contractions of montane biodiversity under global warming. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1699):3401-3410.

Lal, A., Arthur, R., Marbà, N., Lill, A.W.T., and Alcoverro, T. 2010. Implications of conserving an ecosystem modifier: increasing green turtle (Chelonia mydas) densities substantially alters seagrass meadows. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2730-2738.

Lander, T.A., Boshier, D.H., and Harris, S.A. 2010. Fragmented but not isolated: contribution of single trees, small patches and long-distance pollen flow to genetic connectivity for Gomortega keule, an endangered Chilean tree. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2583-2590.

Lapeva-Gjonova, A., Antonova, V., Radchenko, A.G., and Atanasova, M. 2010. Catalogue of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Bulgaria. Zookeys 62:1-124.

Larsen, S., and Ormerod, S.J. 2010. Combined effects of habitat modification on trait composition and species nestedness in river invertebrates. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2638-2646.

Lassalle, G., Crouzet, P., Gessner, J., and Rochard, E. 2010. Global warming impacts and conservation responses for the critically endangered European Atlantic sturgeon. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2441-2452.

Leal, I.R., Bieber, A.G.D., Tabarelli, M., and Andersen, A.N. 2010. Biodiversity surrogacy: indicator taxa as predictors of total species richness in Brazilian Atlantic forest and Caatinga. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3347-3360.

Lee, K.E., Seddon, J.M., Corley, S.W., Ellis, W.A.H., Johnston, S.D., de Villiers, D.L., Preece, H.J., and Carrick, F.N. 2010. Genetic variation and structuring in the threatened koala populations of Southeast Queensland. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2091-2103.

Leidner, A.K., and Haddad, N.M. 2010. Natural, not urban, barriers define population structure for a coastal endemic butterfly. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2311-2320.

Levick, S.R., Asner, G.P., Kennedy-Bowdoin, T., and Knapp, D.E. 2010. The spatial extent of termite influences on herbivore browsing in an African savanna. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2462-2467.

Lin, Y.F., Wu, S.H., Lin, T.E., Mao, J.J., and Chen, T.H. 2010. Population status and distribution of the Endangered yellow-margined box turtle Cuora flavomarginata in Taiwan. Oryx 44(4):581-587.

List, R., Pergams, O.R.W., Pacheco, J., Cruzado, J., and Ceballos, G. 2010. Genetic divergence of Microtus pennsylvanicus chihuahuensis and conservation implications of marginal population extinctions. J. Mammal. 91(5):1093-1101.

Liu, Y.F., Wang, Y., Liu, S.B., and Huang, H.W. 2010. Allozyme variation of the endangered endemic plant Myricaria laxiflora implications for conservation. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 38(4):463-470.

Locky, D.A., and Bayley, S.E. 2010. Plant diversity in wooded moderate-rich fens across boreal western Canada: an ecoregional perspective. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3525-3543.

Lomba, A., Pellissier, L., Randin, C., Vicente, J., Moreira, F., Honrado, J., and Guisan, A. 2010. Overcoming the rare species modelling paradox: a novel hierarchical framework applied to an Iberian endemic plant. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2647-2657.

López, A., Vera, M., Otero-Ferrer, F., Pardo, B.G., Martínez, P., Molina, L., and Bouza, C. 2010. Species identification and genetic structure of threatened seahorses in Gran Canaria Island (Spain) using mitochondrial and microsatellite markers. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2431-2436.

Macdonald, D.W., Newman, C., Buesching, C.D., and Nouvellet, P. 2010. Are badgers 'Under The Weather'? Direct and indirect impacts of climate variation on European badger (Meles meles) population dynamics. Global Change Biol. 16(11):2913-2922.

Malcolm, H.A., and Smith, S.D.A. 2010. Objective selection of surrogate families to describe reef fish assemblages in a subtropical marine park. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3611-3618.

Malhado, A.C.M., Pires, G.F., and Costa, M.H. 2010. Cerrado conservation is essential to protect the Amazon rainforest. Ambio 39(8):580-584.

Marks, J.C., Haden, G.A., O'Neill, M., and Pace, C. 2010. Effects of flow restoration and exotic species removal on recovery of native fish: lessons from a dam decommissioning. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):934-943.

Martin, G.R., and Shaw, J.M. 2010. Bird collisions with power lines: failing to see the way ahead? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2695-2702.

Marx, E. 2010. The fight for Yasuni. Science 330(6008):1170-1171.

McCormick, M.K., Kettenring, K.M., Baron, H.M., and Whigham, D.F. 2010. Spread of invasive Phragmites australis in estuaries with differing degrees of development: genetic patterns, Allee effects and interpretation. J. Ecology 98(6):1369-1378.

McNeely, J.A. 2010. Sharing the benefits of biodiversity: some perspectives from the recent history of conservation. Oryx 44(4):480-481.

Mekonnen, A., Bekele, A., Hemson, G., Teshome, E., and Atickem, A. 2010. Population size and habitat preference of the Vulnerable Bale monkey Chlorocebus djamdjamensis in Odobullu Forest and its distribution across the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Oryx 44(4):558-563.

Metzger, K.L., Sinclair, A.R.E., Hilborn, R., Hopcraft, J.G.C., and Mduma, S.A.R. 2010. Evaluating the protection of wildlife in parks: the case of African buffalo in Serengeti. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3431-3444.

Meyer, C.F.J., Aguiar, L.M.S., Aguirre, L.F., Baumgarten, J., Clarke, F.M., Cosson, J.F., Villegas, S.E., Fahr, J., Faria, D., Furey, N., Henry, M., Hodgkison, R., Jenkins, R.K.B., Jung, K.G., Kingston, T., Kunz, T.H., Gonzalez, M.C.M., Moya, I., Pons, J.M., Racey, P.A., Rex, K., Sampaio, E.M., Stoner, K.E., Voigt, C.C., von Staden, D., Weise, C.D., and Kalko, E.K.V. 2010. Long-term monitoring of tropical bats for anthropogenic impact assessment: gauging the statistical power to detect population change. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2797-2807.

Molloy, P.P., Anticamara, J.A., Rist, J.L., and Vincent, A.C.J. 2010. Frugal conservation: what does it take to detect changes in fish populations? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2532-2542.

Monterrubio-Rico, T.C., Renton, K., Ortega-Rodríguez, J.M., Pérez-Arteaga, A., and Cancino-Murillo, R. 2010. The Endangered yellow-headed parrot Amazona oratrix along the Pacific coast of Mexico. Oryx 44(4):602-609.

Mooers, A.O., Doak, D.F., Findlay, C.S., Green, D.M., Grouios, C., Manne, L.L., Rashvand, A., Rudd, M.A., and Whitton, J. 2010. Science, policy, and species at risk in Canada. BioScience 60(10):843-849.

Moravcová, L., Pyšek, P., Jarošík, V., Havlícková, V., and Zákravský, P. 2010. Reproductive characteristics of neophytes in the Czech Republic: traits of invasive and non-invasive species. Preslia 82(4):365-390.

Moscovice, L.R., Mbago, F., Snowdon, C.T., and Huffman, M.A. 2010. Ecological features and ranging patterns at a chimpanzee release site on Rubondo Island, Tanzania. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2711-2721.

Muchoney, D.M., and Williams, M. 2010. Building a 2010 biodiversity conservation data baseline: contributions of the Group on Earth Observations. Ecol. Res. 25(5):937-946.

Müller, J., Noss, R.F., Bussler, H., and Brandl, R. 2010. Learning from a "benign neglect strategy" in a national park: response of saproxylic beetles to dead wood accumulation. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2559-2569.

Murray, D.L., Smith, D.W., Bangs, E.E., Mack, C., Oakleaf, J.K., Fontaine, J., Boyd, D., Jiminez, M., Niemeyer, C., Meier, T.J., Stahler, D., Holyan, J., and Asher, V.J. 2010. Death from anthropogenic causes is partially compensatory in recovering wolf populations. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2514-2524.

Nascimbene, J., and Marini, L. 2010. Oak forest exploitation and black-locust invasion caused severe shifts in epiphytic lichen communities in Northern Italy. Sci. Total Environ. 48(22):5506-5512.

Nayar, A. 2010. World gets 2020 vision for conservation. Nature 468(7320):14.

Neal, J.M., Hardner, C.M., and Gross, C.L. 2010. Population demography and fecundity do not decline with habitat fragmentation in the rainforest tree Macadamia integrifolia (Proteaceae). Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2591-2600.

Nellemann, C., Vistnes, I., Jordhøy, P., Støen, O.G., Kaltenborn, B.P., Hanssen, F., and Helgesen, R. 2010. Effects of recreational cabins, trails and their removal for restoration of reindeer winter ranges. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):873-881.

Nisbet, I.C.T., Wingate, D.B., and Szczys, P. 2010. Demographic consequences of a catastrophic event in the isolated population of common terns at Bermuda. Waterbirds 33(3):405-410.

Noël, S., and Lapointe, F.J. 2010. Urban conservation genetics: study of a terrestrial salamander in the city. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2823-2831.

O'Connor, J.A., Robertson, J., and Kleindorfer, S. 2010. Video analysis of host-parasite interactions in nests of Darwin's finches. Oryx 44(4):588-594.

Oldfield, S. 2010. Plant conservation: facing tough choices. BioScience 60(10):778-779.

Olenina, I., Wasmund, N., Hajdu, S., Jurgensone, I., Gromisz, S., Kownacka, J., Toming, K., Vaiciute, D., and Olenin, S. 2010. Assessing impacts of invasive phytoplankton: the Baltic Sea case. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 60(10):1691-1700.

Paese, A., Paglia, A., Pinto, L.P., Foster, M.N., Fonseca, M., and Sposito, R. 2010. Fine-scale sites of global conservation importance in the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3445-3458.

Pai, A., and McCarthy, B.C. 2010. Suitability of the medicinal plant, Acorus calamus L., for wetland restoration. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):380-386.

Parravicini, V., Thrush, S.F., Chiantore, M., Morri, C., Croci, C., and Bianchi, C.N. 2010. The legacy of past disturbance: chronic angling impairs long-term recovery of marine epibenthic communities from acute date-mussel harvesting. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2435-2440.

Pautasso, M., Dehnen-Schmutz, K., Holdenrieder, O., Pietravalle, S., Salama, N., Jeger, M.J., Lange, E., and Hehl-Lange, S. 2010. Plant health and global change - some implications for landscape management. Biol. Rev. 85(4):729-755.

Pavlova, A., Walker, F.M., van der Ree, R., Cesarini, S., and Taylor, A.C. 2010. Threatened populations of the Australian squirrel glider (Petaurus norfolcensis) show evidence of evolutionary distinctiveness on a Late Pleistocene timescale. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2393-2407.

Pederson, N. 2010. External characteristics of old trees in the eastern deciduous forest. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):396-407.

Pedrana, J., Bustamante, J., Travaini, A., and Rodríguez, A. 2010. Factors influencing guanaco distribution in southern Argentine Patagonia and implications for its sustainable use. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3499-3512.

Peery, M.Z., and Henry, R.W. 2010. Recovering marbled murrelets via corvid management: a population viability analysis approach. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2414-2424.

Pérez, H.E., and Norcini, J.G. 2010. A new method of wiregrass (Aristida stricta Michaux.) viability testing using an enhanced forceps press test. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):387-391.

Phelps, J., Webb, E.L., Bickford, D., Nijman, V., and Sodhi, N.S. 2010. Boosting CITES. Science 330(6012):1752-1753.

Pierre, J.P., Abraham, E.R., Middleton, D.A.J., Cleal, J., Bird, R., Walker, N.A., and Waugh, S.M. 2010. Reducing interactions between seabirds and trawl fisheries: responses to foraging patches provided by fish waste batches. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2779-2788.

Pilehvar, B., Veiskarami, G., Abkenar, K.T., and Soosani, J. 2010. Relative contribution of vegetation types to regional biodiversity in Central Zagross forests of Iran. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3361-3374.

Pimper, L.E., Baker, C.S., Goodall, R.N.P., Olavarría, C., and Remis, M.I. 2010. Mitochondrial DNA variation and population structure of Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) in their southernmost distribution. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2157-2168.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Brito, J.C., Fahd, S., Feriche, M., Mateo, J.A., Moreno-Rueda, G., Reques, R., and Santos, X. 2010. Setting conservation priorities for the Moroccan herpetofauna: the utility of regional red lists. Oryx 44(4):501-508.

Poggio, S.L., Chaneton, E.J., and Ghersa, C.M. 2010. Landscape complexity differentially affects alpha, beta, and gamma diversities of plants occurring in fencerows and crop fields. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2477-2486.

Price, B., Kutt, A.S., and McAlpine, C.A. 2010. The importance of fine-scale savanna heterogeneity for reptiles and small mammals. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2504-2513.

Quinn, L.D., Quinn, A., Kolipinski, M., Davis, B., Berto, C., Orcholski, M., and Ghosh, S. 2010. Role of horses as potential vectors of non-native plant invasion: an overview. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):408-416.

Reckinger, C., Colling, G., and Matthies, D. 2010. Restoring populations of the endangered plant Scorzonera humilis: influence of site conditions, seed source, and plant stage. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):904-913.

Roccaforte, J.P., Fulé, P.Z., and Covington, W.W. 2010. Monitoring landscape-scale ponderosa pine restoration treatment implementation and effectiveness. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):820-833.

Rocha, F.B., Barreto, R.W., Bezerra, J.L., and Neto, J. 2010. Foliar mycobiota of Coussapoa floccosa, a highly threatened tree of the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Mycologia 102(6):1240-1252.

Rodhouse, T.J., Beever, E.A., Garrett, L.K., Irvine, K.M., Jeffress, M.R., Munts, M., and Ray, C. 2010. Distribution of American pikas in a low-elevation lava landscape: conservation implications from the range periphery. J. Mammal. 91(5):1287-1299.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Gray, C.L., Crowter, B.J., Ewers, R.M., Stuart, S.N., Whitten, T., and Manica, A. 2010. A global assessment of amphibian taxonomic effort and expertise. BioScience 60(10):798-806.

Royo, A.A., Stout, S.L., deCalesta, D.S., and Pierson, T.G. 2010. Restoring forest herb communities through landscape-level deer herd reductions: is recovery limited by legacy effects? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2425-2434.

Santiapillai, C., and Read, B. 2010. Would masking the smell of ripening paddy-fields help mitigate human-elephant conflict in Sri Lanka? Oryx 44(4):509-511.

Schmidt, P.M., McCleery, R.A., Lopez, R.R., Silvy, N.J., and Schmidt, J.A. 2010. Habitat succession, hardwood encroachment and raccoons as limiting factors for Lower Keys marsh rabbits. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2703-2710.

Schuldt, A., and Assmann, T. 2010. Invertebrate diversity and national responsibility for species conservation across Europe - a multi-taxon approach. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2747-2756.

Schultheis, E.H., Hopfensperger, K.N., and Brenner, J.C. 2010. Potential impacts of climate change on sphagnum bogs of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):417-424.

Schweiger, O., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bommarco, R., Hickler, T., Hulme, P.E., Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Moora, M., Nielsen, A., Ohlemuller, R., Petanidou, T., Potts, S.G., Pyšek, P., Stout, J.C., Sykes, M.T., Tscheulin, T., Vilà, M., Walther, G.R., Westphal, C., Winter, M., Zobel, M., and Settele, J. 2010. Multiple stressors on biotic interactions: how climate change and alien species interact to affect pollination. Biol. Rev. 85(4):777-795.

Seddon, P.J. 2010. From reintroduction to assisted colonization: moving along the conservation translocation spectrum. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):796-802.

Severns, P.M., and Moldenke, A.R. 2010. Management tradeoffs between focal species and biodiversity: endemic plant conservation and solitary bee extinction. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3605-3609.

Sharma, E., Chettri, N., and Oli, K.P. 2010. Mountain biodiversity conservation and management: a paradigm shift in policies and practices in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. Ecol. Res. 25(5):909-923.

Siliceo, I., and Díaz, J.A. 2010. A comparative study of clutch size, range size, and the conservation status of island vs. mainland lacertid lizards. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2601-2608.

Silva, J.P., Palmeirim, J.M., and Moreira, F. 2010. Higher breeding densities of the threatened little bustard Tetrax tetrax occur in larger grassland fields: implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2553-2558.

Sly, N.D., Townsend, A.K., Rimmer, C.C., Townsend, J.M., Latta, S.C., and Lovette, I.J. 2010. Phylogeography and conservation of the endemic Hispaniolan Palm-Tanagers (Aves: Phaenicophilus). Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2121-2129.

Smith, D.A., and Gehrt, S.D. 2010. Bat response to woodland restoration within urban forest fragments. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):914-923.

Smith, R.J., Di Minin, E., Linke, S., Segan, D.B., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. An approach for ensuring minimum protected area size in systematic conservation planning. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2525-2531.

Soini, P., Riutta, T., Yli-Petäys, M., and Vasander, H. 2010. Comparison of vegetation and CO2 dynamics between a restored cut-away peatland and a pristine fen: evaluation of the restoration success. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):894-903.

Sosa, P.A., González-Pérez, M.A., Moreno, C., and Clarke, J.B. 2010. Conservation genetics of the endangered endemic Sambucus palmensis Link (Sambucaceae) from the Canary Islands. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2357-2368.

Stillman, R.A., Moore, J.J., Woolmer, A.P., Murphy, M.D., Walkere, P., Vanstaen, K.R., Palmer, D., and Sanderson, W.G. 2010. Assessing waterbird conservation objectives: an example for the Burry Inlet, UK. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2617-2630.

Swengel, A.B., and Swengel, S.R. 2010. The butterfly fauna of Wisconsin bogs: lessons for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3565-3581.

Taggart, J.B., and Roe, C.E. 2010. Golf course conservation easements with natural habitats a need for clarity. Nat. Areas J. 30(4):392-395.

Taki, H., Yamaura, Y., Okochi, I., Inoue, T., Okabe, K., and Makino, S. 2010. Effects of reforestation age on moth assemblages in plantations and naturally regenerated forests. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(4):257-265.

Thaxton, J.M., Cole, T.C., Cordell, S., Cabin, R.J., Sandquist, D.R., and Litton, C.M. 2010. Native species regeneration following ungulate exclusion and nonnative grass removal in a remnant Hawaiian dry forest. Pacific Sci. 64(4):533-544.

Tognetti, P.M., Chaneton, E.J., Omacini, M., Trebino, H.J., and León, R.J.C. 2010. Exotic vs. native plant dominance over 20 years of old-field succession on set-aside farmland in Argentina. Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2494-2503.

Toral, G.M., and Figuerola, J. 2010. Unraveling the importance of rice fields for waterbird populations in Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3459-3469.

Toth, L.A. 2010. Unrealized expectations for restoration of a floodplain plant community. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):810-819.

Vallet, J., Beaujouan, V., Pithon, J., Rozé, F., and Daniel, H. 2010. The effects of urban or rural landscape context and distance from the edge on native woodland plant communities. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3375-3392.

van Weerd, M., and de Haes, H.A.U. 2010. Cross-taxon congruence in tree, bird and bat species distributions at a moderate spatial scale across four tropical forest types in the Philippines. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3393-3411.

Vanak, A.T., Thaker, M., and Slotow, R. 2010. Do fences create an edge-effect on the movement patterns of a highly mobile mega-herbivore? Biol. Conserv. 143(11):2631-2637.

Vander Mijnsbrugge, K., De Cock, K., Cox, K., and Breyne, P. 2010. Conservation measures for Rosa arvensis Huds. in Flanders (Belgium) based on congruent genetic and phenotypic population differentiation. Conserv. Genet. 11(6):2243-2253.

Villanueva, R.D., Edwards, A.J., and Bell, J.D. 2010. Enhancement of grazing gastropod populations as a coral reef restoration tool: predation effects and related applied implications. Restor. Ecol. 18(6):803-809.

Vonholdt, B.M., Stahler, D.R., Bangs, E.E., Smith, D.W., Jimenez, M.D., Mack, C.M., Niemeyer, C.C., Pollinger, J.P., and Wayne, R.K. 2010. A novel assessment of population structure and gene flow in grey wolf populations of the Northern Rocky Mountains of the United States. Mol. Ecol. 19(20):4412-4427.

Wiegner, T.N., and Tubal, R.L. 2010. Comparison of dissolved organic carbon bioavailability from native and invasive vegetation along a Hawaiian river. Pacific Sci. 64(4):545-555.

Wittmer, H.U., Corti, P., Saucedo, C., and Galaz, J.L. 2010. Learning to count: adapting population monitoring for Endangered huemul deer Hippocamelus bisulcus to meet conservation objectives. Oryx 44(4):516-522.

Wronski, T. 2010. Factors affecting population dynamics of re-introduced mountain gazelles (Gazella gazella) in the Ibex Reserve, central Saudi Arabia. J. Arid Environ. 74(11):1427-1434.

Zhang, Y., Zhou, D.Q., Zhao, Q., Zhou, T.X., and Hyde, K.D. 2010. Diversity and ecological distribution of macrofungi in the Laojun Mountain region, southwestern China. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(12):3545-3563.

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