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Department ofBotany

No. 316
April 2011

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In This Issue

Century-old Collections Suggest Marine Life is Capturing More Carbon

Adapted from

Tiny Antarctic marine creatures collected 100 years ago by British Royal Navy explorer Robert Falcon Scott are giving scientists new clues about polar environmental change. By comparing recently collected colonies of a bryozoan - sea-bed filter-feeding animals that look like branching twigs - with specimens from Scott's expeditions, an international team of scientists has found the first conclusive evidence of increased carbon uptake and storage by Antarctic marine life.

Reporting recently in the journal Current Biology, the scientists, including Geoff Keel of the National Museum of Natural History, explain how they examined annual growth bands in skeletons of specimens of bryozoans (Cellarinella nutti), many collected from Antarctica's Ross Sea during the Census of Antarctic Marine Life, a 10-year global initiative to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of life in the oceans.

The bryozoans grew consistently until 1990, when their growth doubled, the researchers found. The spurt in growth means that animals reach the size earlier at which ocean currents snap them off. As they topple over they bury carbon, therefore increasing the seabed's potential as a carbon sink. Their findings provide new insight into how carbon dioxide is being stored on the seabed and could help geologists and environmentalists in projecting climate change.

"This is one of the few pieces of evidence that life in Antarctica has recently changed drastically," author Judith Winston of the Virginia Museum of Natural History says. "These animals are taking more carbon dioxide out of circulation and locking it away on the seabed."

While more research is needed to understand how big a role Cellarinella nutti plays in the environment, the researchers believe it is probably a small one.

"Nevertheless, we think that the combination of ice shelf losses and sea ice losses due to climate change and the effect of ozone loss-induced wind speeds offer some hope for much-needed carbon sequestration to the seabed in the Southern Ocean," lead author David Barnes of the British Antarctic Survey says. "There are few other places in the world where global and regional changes could actually lead to more carbon being removed from the system."

Current Literature

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Agarwala, M., Kumar, S., Treves, A., and Naughton-Treves, L. 2010. Paying for wolves in Solapur, India and Wisconsin, USA: comparing compensation rules and practice to understand the goals and politics of wolf conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2945-2955.

Agostinho, A.A., Pelicice, F.M., Gomes, L.C., and Júlio, H.F. 2010. Reservoir fish stocking: when one plus one may be less than two. Nat. Conservacao 8(2):103-111.

Ainsworth, A., and Kauffman, J.B. 2010. Interactions of fire and nonnative species across an elevation/plant community gradient in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Biotropica 42(6):647-655.

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Castracani, C., Grasso, D.A., Fanfani, A., and Mori, A. 2010. The ant fauna of Castelporziano Presidential Reserve (Rome, Italy) as a model for the analysis of ant community structure in relation to environmental variation in Mediterranean ecosystems. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):585-594.

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Ceia, R.S., Sampaio, H.L., Parejo, S.H., Heleno, R.H., Arosa, M.L., Ramos, J.A., and Hilton, G.M. 2011. Throwing the baby out with the bathwater: does laurel forest restoration remove a critical winter food supply for the critically endangered Azores bullfinch? Biol. Invasions 13(1):93-104.

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Cheal, A.J., MacNeil, M.A., Cripps, E., Emslie, M.J., Jonker, M., Schaffelke, B., and Sweatman, H. 2010. Coral-macroalgal phase shifts or reef resilience: links with diversity and functional roles of herbivorous fishes on the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 29(4):1005-1015.

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Chen, X.A., Huang, J.Y., Consaul, L., and Chen, X. 2010. Two new species of Rhododendron (Ericaceae) from Guizhou, China. Novon 20(4):386-391.

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Corcuera, P., Valverde, P.L., Zavala-Hurtado, J.A., De la Rosa, G., and Gabriel-Durán, C. 2010. Non weaving spiders on native woodlands and Eucalyptus plantations in Western Mexico: diversity and distribution patterns. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):711-719.

Costello, D.M., Tiegs, S.D., and Lamberti, G.A. 2011. Do non-native earthworms in Southeast Alaska use streams as invasional corridors in watersheds harvested for timber? Biol. Invasions 13(1):177-187.

Cristinacce, A., Garrett, L.J.H., Cole, R.E., Tatayah, R.V.V., and Jones, C.G. 2010. Nesting success of a managed population of Mauritius Fodies Foudia rubra marooned on a partially restored island. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):365-374.

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Csencsics, D., Brodbeck, S., and Holderegger, R. 2010. Cost-effective, species-specific microsatellite development for the endangered dwarf bulrush (Typha minima) using next-generation sequencing technology. J. Heredity 101(6):789-793.

D'Agnes, L., D'Agnes, H., Schwartz, J.B., Amarillo, M.L., and Castro, J. 2010. Integrated management of coastal resources and human health yields added value: a comparative study in Palawan (Philippines). Environ. Conserv. 37(4):398-409.

D'Amen, M., Pietrangeli, B., and Bologna, M.A. 2010. Human-provoked amphibian decline in central Italy and the efficacy of protected areas. Wildlife Res. 37(7):547-557.

Dallimer, M., Melo, M., Collar, N.J., and Jones, P.J. 2010. The Principe Thrush Turdus xanthorhynchus: a newly split, 'Critically Endangered', forest flagship species. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):375-381.

Davidar, P., Sahoo, S., Mammen, P.C., Acharya, P., Puyravaud, J.P., Arjunan, M., Garrigues, J.P., and Roessingh, K. 2010. Assessing the extent and causes of forest degradation in India: where do we stand? Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2937-2944.

Davies, K.F., Cavender-Bares, J., and Deacon, N. 2011. Native communities determine the identity of exotic invaders even at scales at which communities are unsaturated. Divers. Distrib. 17(1):35-42.

Davis, C.A., and Utrup, J.S. 2010. Response of terrestrial invertebrates to high- and low-diversity grassland restorations in south-central Nebraska. Restor. Ecol. 18:479-488.

Davis, E.S., Murray, T.E., Fitzpatrick, Ú., Brown, M.J.F., and Paxton, R.J. 2010. Landscape effects on extremely fragmented populations of a rare solitary bee, Colletes floralis. Mol. Ecol. 19(22):4922-4935.

Daw, T.M. 2010. Shifting baselines and memory illusions: what should we worry about when inferring trends from resource user interviews? Anim. Conserv. 13(6):534-535.

Dawson, N.M., Macleod, C.D., Smith, M., and Ratcliffe, N. 2011. Interactions with Great Skuas Stercorarius skua as a factor in the long-term decline of an Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus population. Ibis 153(1):143-153.

de Carvalho, R.A., Cianciaruso, M.V., Trindade, J., Sagnori, M.D., and Loyola, R.D. 2010. Drafting a blueprint for functional and phylogenetic diversity conservation in the Brazilian cerrado. Nat. Conservacao 8(2):171-176.

De Luca, D.W., Phillipps, G.P., Machaga, S.J., and Davenport, T.R.B. 2010. Home range, core areas and movement in the 'critically endangered' kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji) in southwest Tanzania. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(4):895-904.

de Oliveira, C.R.C., Fugi, R., Brancalhão, K.P., and Agostinho, A.A. 2010. Fish as potential controllers of invasive mollusks in a neotropical reservoir. Nat. Conservacao 8(2):140-144.

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Desrochers, A., Renaud, C., Hochachka, W.M., and Cadman, M. 2010. Area-sensitivity by forest songbirds: theoretical and practical implications of scale-dependency. Ecography 33(5):921-931.

DiBattista, J.D., Feldheim, K.A., Garant, D., Gruber, S.H., and Hendry, A.P. 2011. Anthropogenic disturbance and evolutionary parameters: a lemon shark population experiencing habitat loss. Evol. Appl. 4(1):1-17.

Dickman, A.J. 2010. Complexities of conflict: the importance of considering social factors for effectively resolving human-wildlife conflict. Anim. Conserv. 13(5):458-466.

Donlan, C.J., Wingfield, D.K., Crowder, L.B., and Wilcox, C. 2010. Using expert opinion surveys to rank threats to endangered species: a case study with sea turtles. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1586-1595.

Dos Anjos, L., Holt, R.D., and Robinson, S. 2010. Position in the distributional range and sensitivity to forest fragmentation in birds: a case history from the Atlantic forest, Brazil. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):392-399.

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Draheim, H.M., Miller, M.P., Baird, P., and Haig, S.M. 2010. Subspecific status and population genetic structure of least terns (Sternula antillarum) inferred by mitochondrial DNA control-region sequences and microsatellite DNA. Auk 127(4):807-819.

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Engeman, R.M., Duffiney, A., Braem, S., Olsen, C., Constantin, B., Small, P., Dunlap, J., and Griffin, J.C. 2010. Dramatic and immediate improvements in insular nesting success for threatened sea turtles and shorebirds following predator management. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 395(1-2):147-152.

Esfandabad, B.S., Karami, M., Hemami, M.R., Riazi, B., and Sadough, M.B. 2010. Habitat associations of wild goat in central Iran: implications for conservation. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 56(6):883-894.

Esselman, P.C., and Allan, J.D. 2011. Application of species distribution models and conservation planning software to the design of a reserve network for the riverine fishes of northeastern Mesoamerica. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):71-88.

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Esteve-Selma, M.A., Martínez-Fernández, J., Hernández, I., Montávez, J.P., Lopez, J.J., Calvo, J.F., and Robledano, F. 2010. Effects of climatic change on the distribution and conservation of Mediterranean forests: the case of Tetraclinis articulata in the Iberian Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3809-3825.

Evans, S.W., and Bouwman, H. 2010. Habitat selection by blue swallows Hirundo atrocaerulea Sundevall, 1850 breeding in South Africa and its implications for conservation. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(4):871-879.

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Faast, R., Facelli, J.M., and Austin, A.D. 2011. Seed viability in declining populations of Caladenia rigida (Orchidaceae): are small populations doomed? Plant Biol. 13:86-95.

Facon, B., Crespin, L., Loiseau, A., Lombaert, E., Magro, A., and Estoup, A. 2011. Can things get worse when an invasive species hybridizes? The harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis in France as a case study. Evol. Appl. 4(1):71-88.

Farrapeira, C.M.R. 2011. The introduction of the bryozoan Zoobotryon verticillatum (Della Chiaje, 1822) in northeast of Brazil: a cause for concern. Biol. Invasions 13(1):13-16.

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Feeley, K.J., and Silman, M.R. 2010. Land-use and climate change effects on population size and extinction risk of Andean plants. Global Change Biol. 16(12):3215-3222.

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Ficetola, G.F., Padoa-Schioppa, E., Wang, J., and Garner, T.W.J. 2010. Polygyny, census and effective population size in the threatened frog, Rana latastei. Anim. Conserv. 13:82-89.

Florens, F.B.V., Mauremootoo, J.R., Fowler, S.V., Winder, L., and Baider, C. 2010. Recovery of indigenous butterfly community following control of invasive alien plants in a tropical island's wet forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3835-3848.

Ford, A.T., and Clevenger, A.P. 2010. Validity of the prey-trap hypothesis for carnivore-ungulate interactions at wildlife-crossing structures. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1679-1685.

Forsman, Z.H., Concepcion, G.T., Haverkort, R.D., Shaw, R.W., Maragos, J.E., and Toonen, R.J. 2010. Ecomorph or endangered coral? DNA and microstructure reveal Hawaiian species complexes: Montipora dilatata/flabellata/turgescens & M. patula/verrilli. PLoS ONE 5(11):e15021.

Fortibuoni, T., Libralato, S., Raicevich, S., Giovanardi, O., and Solidoro, C. 2010. Coding early naturalists' accounts into long-term fish community changes in the Adriatic Sea (1800-2000). PLoS ONE 5(11):e15502.

Foufopoulos, J., Kilpatrick, A.M., and Ives, A.R. 2011. Climate change and elevated extinction rates of reptiles from Mediterranean islands. Am. Nat. 177(1):119-129.

Franklin, K., and Molina-Freaner, F. 2010. Consequences of buffelgrass pasture development for primary productivity, perennial plant richness, and vegetation structure in the drylands of Sonora, Mexico. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1664-1673.

Freeland, J.R., Gillespie, J., Ciotir, C., and Dorken, M.E. 2010. Conservation genetics of Hill's thistle (Cirsium hillii). Botany 88(12):1073-1080.

Freile, J.F., Parra, J.L., and Graham, C.H. 2010. Distribution and conservation of Grallaria and Grallaricula antpittas (Grallariidae) in Ecuador. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):410-431.

Frías-Alvarez, P., Zúñiga-Vega, J.J., and Flores-Villela, O. 2010. A general assessment of the conservation status and decline trends of Mexican amphibians. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3699-3742.

Fuentes, M.M.P.B., Limpus, C.J., and Hamann, M. 2011. Vulnerability of sea turtle nesting grounds to climate change. Global Change Biol. 17(1):140-153.

Fullard, J.H., Barclay, R.M.R., and Thomas, D.W. 2010. Observations on the behavioural ecology of the Atiu Swiftlet Aerodramus sawtelli. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):385-391.

Fullerton, A.H., Steel, E.A., Lange, I., and Caras, Y. 2010. Effects of spatial pattern and economic uncertainties on freshwater habitat restoration planning: a simulation exercise. Restor. Ecol. 18:354-369.

Gaigher, R., and Samways, M. 2010. Surface-active arthropods in organic vineyards, integrated vineyards and natural habitat in the Cape Floristic Region. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):595-605.

Galluzzi, G., Eyzaguirre, P., and Negri, V. 2010. Home gardens: neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3635-3654.

Gardner-Gee, R., and Beggs, J.R. 2010. Challenges in food-web restoration: an assessment of the restoration requirements of a honeydew-gecko trophic interaction in the Auckland region, New Zealand. Restor. Ecol. 18:295-303.

Garner, T.W.J., Hero, J.M., Jehle, R., Kraus, F., Muths, E., Reed, R.N., Vogt, R.C., and Hodl, W. 2010. The World Congress of Herpetology and Animal Conservation: excerpts from the 6th World Congress. Anim. Conserv. 13:1-2.

Geissmann, T., Lwin, N., Aung, S.S., Aung, T.N., Aung, Z.M., Hla, T.H., Grindley, M., and Momberg, F. 2011. A new species of snub-nosed monkey, genus Rhinopithecus Milne-Edwards, 1872 (Primates, Colobinae), from northern Kachin state, northeastern Myanmar. Am. J. Primatol. 73(1):96-107.

Ghirardi, R., Perotti, M.G., Steciow, M.M., Arellano, M.L., and Natale, G.S. 2011. Potential distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Argentina: implications in amphibian conservation. Hydrobiologia 659(1):111-115.

Gibson, A.K., Mena-Ali, J.I., and Hood, M.E. 2010. Loss of pathogens in threatened plant species. Oikos 119(12):1919-1928.

Gibson, N., Yates, C., and Dillon, R. 2010. Plant communities of the ironstone ranges of South Western Australia: hotspots for plant diversity and mineral deposits. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3951-3962.

González-Armada, B., De Miguel, A.M., and Cavero, R.Y. 2010. Ectomycorrhizae and vascular plants growing in brûlés as indicators of below and above ground microecology of black truffle production areas in Navarra (Northern Spain). Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3861-3891.

Goodrich, J.M. 2010. Human-tiger conflict: A review and call for comprehensive plans. Integr. Zool. 5(4):300-312.

Goodrich, J.M. 2010. Tiger conservation in the Year of the Tiger, 2010. Integr. Zool. 5(4):283-284.

Gortázar, C., Ferroglio, E., Lutton, C.E., and Acevedo, P. 2010. Disease-related conflicts in mammal conservation. Wildlife Res. 37(8):668-675.

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Greenberg, R., and Matsuoka, S.M. 2010. Rusty Blackbird: mysteries of a species in decline. Condor 112(4):770-777.

Gregory, N.C., Sensenig, R.L., and Wilcove, D.S. 2010. Effects of controlled fire and livestock grazing on bird communities in East African savannas. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1606-1616.

Griffiths, G.H., Vogiatzakis, I.N., Porter, J.R., and Burrows, C. 2011. A landscape scale spatial model for semi-natural broadleaf woodland expansion in Wales, UK. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):43-53.

Groeninckx, I., Briggs, M., Davis, A., De Block, P., Robbrecht, E., Smets, E., and Dessein, S. 2010. A new herbaceous genus endemic to Madagascar: Phialiphora (Spermacoceae, Rubiaceae). Taxon 59(6):1815-1829.

Grossman, R. 2010. Birds and bees for biologists. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1435-1436.

Grueber, C.E., Laws, R.J., Nakagawa, S., and Jamieson, I.G. 2010. Inbreeding depression accumulation across life-history stages of the endangered Takahe. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1617-1625.

Grueber, C.E., Waters, J.M., and Jamieson, I.G. 2011. The imprecision of heterozygosity-fitness correlations hinders the detection of inbreeding and inbreeding depression in a threatened species. Mol. Ecol. 20(1):67-79.

Guo, Q.F., and Ricklefs, R.E. 2010. Domestic exotics and the perception of invasibility. Divers. Distrib. 16(6):1034-1039.

Gutiérrez, J.A., and Duivenvoorden, J.F. 2010. Can we expect to protect threatened species in protected areas? A case study of the genus Pinus in Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(3):875-882.

Ha, J.C., Butler, A., and Ha, R.R. 2010. Reduction of first-year survival threatens the viability of the Mariana Crow Corvus kubaryi population on Rota, CNMI. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):335-342.

Haag, T., Santos, A.S., Sana, D.A., Morato, R.G., Cullen, L., Crawshaw, P.G., De Angelo, C., Di Bitetti, M.S., Salzano, F.M., and Eizirik, E. 2010. The effect of habitat fragmentation on the genetic structure of a top predator: loss of diversity and high differentiation among remnant populations of Atlantic Forest jaguars (Panthera onca). Mol. Ecol. 19(22):4906-4921.

Haak, A.L., Williams, J.E., Neville, H.M., Dauwalter, D.C., and Colyer, W.T. 2010. Conserving peripheral trout populations: the values and risks of life on the edge. Fisheries 35(11):530-549.

Harbaugh, D.T., Oppenheimer, H.L., Wood, K.R., and Wagner, W.L. 2010. Taxonomic revision of the endangered Hawaiian red-flowered sandalwoods (Santalum) and discovery of an ancient hybrid species. Syst. Bot. 35(4):827-838.

Haruntyunyan, M., Dulloo, M.E., Yeritsyan, N., and Danielyan, A. 2010. Red List assessment of nine Aegilops species in Armenia. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 57(8):1177-1189.

Hays, G.C., Fossette, S., Katselidis, K.A., Schofield, G., and Gravenor, M.B. 2010. Breeding periodicity for male sea turtles, operational sex ratios, and implications in the face of climate change. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1636-1643.

Heber, S., and Briskie, J.V. 2010. Population bottlenecks and increased hatching failure in endangered birds. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1674-1678.

Heiner, M., Higgins, J., Li, X.H., and Baker, B. 2011. Identifying freshwater conservation priorities in the Upper Yangtze River Basin. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):89-105.

Heink, U., and Kowarik, I. 2010. What criteria should be used to select biodiversity indicators? Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3769-3797.

Helms, K.R., Hayden, C.P., and Vinson, S.B. 2011. Plant-based food resources, trophic interactions among alien species, and the abundance of an invasive ant. Biol. Invasions 13(1):67-79.

Herfindal, I., Linnell, J.D.C., Elmhagen, B., Andersen, R., Eide, N.E., Frafjord, K., Henttonen, H., Kaikusalo, A., Mela, M., Tannerfeldt, M., Dalén, L., Strand, O., Landa, A., and Angerbjörn, A. 2010. Population persistence in a landscape context: the case of endangered arctic fox populations in Fennoscandia. Ecography 33(5):932-941.

Hermoso, V., Linke, S., Prenda, J., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Addressing longitudinal connectivity in the systematic conservation planning of fresh waters. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):57-70.

Hershberger, P.K., van der Leeuw, B.K., Gregg, J.L., Grady, C.A., Lujan, K.M., Gutenberger, S.K., Purcell, M.K., Woodson, J.C., Winton, J.R., and Parsley, M.J. 2010. Amplification and transport of an endemic fish disease by an introduced species. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3665-3675.

Hicks, C.C., Fitzsimmons, C., and Polunin, N.V.C. 2010. Interdisciplinarity in the environmental sciences: barriers and frontiers. Environ. Conserv. 37(4):464-477.

Hilt, S., Van de Weyer, K., Köhler, A., and Chorus, I. 2010. Submerged macrophyte responses to reduced phosphorus concentrations in two peri-urban lakes. Restor. Ecol. 18:452-461.

Hobbs, R.J., Cole, D.N., Yung, L., Zavaleta, E.S., Aplet, G.H., Chapin, F.S., Landres, P.B., Parsons, D.J., Stephenson, N.L., White, P.S., Graber, D.M., Higgs, E.S., Millar, C.I., Randall, J.M., Tonnessen, K.A., and Woodley, S. 2010. Guiding concepts for park and wilderness stewardship in an era of global environmental change. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(9):483-490.

Hof, A.R., and Bright, P.W. 2010. The value of agri-environment schemes for macro-invertebrate feeders: hedgehogs on arable farms in Britain. Anim. Conserv. 13(5):467-473.

Holmstrom, R.M., Etterson, J.R., and Schimpf, D.J. 2010. Dune restoration introduces genetically distinct American beachgrass, Ammophila breviligulata, into a threatened local population. Restor. Ecol. 18:426-437.

Holsman, K.K., McDonald, P.S., Barreyro, P.A., and Armstrong, D.A. 2010. Restoration through eradication? Removal of an invasive bioengineer restores some habitat function for a native predator. Ecol. Appl. 20(8):2249-2262.

Horváth, G., Blahó, M., Egri, Á., Kriska, G., Seres, I., and Robertson, B. 2010. Reducing the maladaptive attractiveness of solar panels to polarotactic insects. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1644-1653.

Hovick, S.M., Bunker, D.E., Peterson, C.J., and Carson, W.P. 2011. Purple loosestrife suppresses plant species colonization far more than broad-leaved cattail: experimental evidence with plant community implications. J. Ecology 99(1):225-234.

Hu, D.M., Cai, L., Chen, H., Bahkali, A.H., and Hyde, K.D. 2010. Fungal diversity on submerged wood in a tropical stream and an artificial lake. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3799-3808.

Hu, Y.B., Qi, D.W., Wang, H.J., and Wei, F.W. 2010. Genetic evidence of recent population contraction in the southernmost population of giant pandas. Genetica 138(11-12):1297-1306.

Hulme, P.E. 2010. Contrasting impacts of climate-driven flowering phenology on changes in alien and native plant species distributions. New Phytol. 189(1):272-281.

Hunter, M.E., Auil-Gomez, N.E., Tucker, K.P., Bonde, R.K., Powell, J., and McGuire, P.M. 2010. Low genetic variation and evidence of limited dispersal in the regionally important Belize manatee. Anim. Conserv. 13(6):592-602.

Irigoyen, A.J., Eyras, C., and Parma, A.M. 2011. Alien algae Undaria pinnatifida causes habitat loss for rocky reef fishes in north Patagonia. Biol. Invasions 13(1):17-24.

Isaia, M., Giachino, P.M., Sapino, E., Casale, A., and Badino, G. 2011. Conservation value of artificial subterranean systems: A case study in an abandoned mine in Italy. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):24-33.

Ivanov, K., and Keiper, J. 2010. Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) diversity and community composition along sharp urban forest edges. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3917-3933.

Iwamura, T., Wilson, K.A., Venter, O., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. A climatic stability approach to prioritizing global conservation investments. PLoS ONE 5(11):e15103.

Jackson, J.B.C. 2010. The future of the oceans past. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 365(1558):3765-3778.

Jarnevich, C.S., and Reynolds, L.V. 2011. Challenges of predicting the potential distribution of a slow-spreading invader: a habitat suitability map for an invasive riparian tree. Biol. Invasions 13(1):153-163.

Jehle, R. 2010. Herpetology and conservation genetics. Anim. Conserv. 13:72-73.

Jeschke, J.M., and Genovesi, P. 2011. Do biodiversity and human impact influence the introduction or establishment of alien mammals? Oikos 120(1):57-64.

Jestrow, B., Rodríguez, F.J., and Francisco-Ortega, J. 2010. Generic delimitation in the Antillean Adelieae (Euphorbiaceae) with description of the Hispaniolan endemic genus Garciadelia. Taxon 59(6):1801-1814.

Jiguet, F., Barbet-Massin, M., and Henry, P.Y. 2010. Predicting potential distributions of two rare allopatric sister species, the globally threatened Doliornis cotingas in the Andes. J. Field Ornithol. 81(4):325-339.

Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Colubi, A., and González-Rodríguez, G. 2010. A comparison of point-scoring procedures for species prioritization and allocation of seed collection resources in a mountain region. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3667-3684.

Johnson, J.A., Talbot, S.L., Sage, G.K., Burnham, K.K., Brown, J.W., Maechtle, T.L., Seegar, W.S., Yates, M.A., Anderson, B., and Mindell, D.P. 2010. The use of genetics for the management of a recovering population: temporal assessment of migratory peregrine falcons in North America. PLoS ONE 5(11):e14042.

Jones, H.P. 2010. Seabird islands take mere decades to recover following rat eradication. Ecol. Appl. 20(8):2075-2080.

Kaiser-Bunbury, C.N., Valentin, T., Mougal, J., Matatiken, D., and Ghazoul, J. 2011. The tolerance of island plant-pollinator networks to alien plants. J. Ecology 99(1):202-213.

Kang, A.L., Xie, Y., Tang, J.R., Sanderson, E.W., Ginsberg, J.R., and Zhang, E.D. 2010. Historic distribution and recent loss of tigers in China. Integr. Zool. 5(4):335-341.

Karanth, K.K., and DeFries, R. 2010. Conservation and management in human-dominated landscapes: case studies from India. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2865-2869.

Karanth, K.K., Nichols, J.D., and Hines, J.E. 2010. Occurrence and distribution of Indian primates. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2891-2899.

Karp, D.S., and Guevara, R. 2011. Conversational noise reduction as a win-win for ecotourists and rain forest birds in Peru. Biotropica 43(1):122-130.

Kéfi, S., Rietkerk, M., Roy, M., Franc, A., de Ruiter, P.C., and Pascual, M. 2011. Robust scaling in ecosystems and the meltdown of patch size distributions before extinction. Ecol. Lett. 14(1):29-35.

Keller, R.P., Drake, J.M., Drew, M.B., and Lodge, D.M. 2011. Linking environmental conditions and ship movements to estimate invasive species transport across the global shipping network. Divers. Distrib. 17(1):93-102.

Kerley, L.L. 2010. Using dogs for tiger conservation and research. Integr. Zool. 5(4):390-396.

Khagram, S., Nicholas, K.A., Bever, D.M., Warren, J., Richards, E.H., Oleson, K., Kitzes, J., Katz, R., Hwang, R., Goldman, R., Funk, J., and Brauman, K.A. 2010. Thinking about knowing: conceptual foundations for interdisciplinary environmental research. Environ. Conserv. 37(4):388-397.

Khoury, M., Higgins, J., and Weitzell, R. 2011. A freshwater conservation assessment of the Upper Mississippi River basin using a coarse- and fine-filter approach. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):162-179.

Kielgast, J., Rödder, D., Veith, M., and Lötters, S. 2010. Widespread occurrence of the amphibian chytrid fungus in Kenya. Anim. Conserv. 13:36-43.

Kiers, E.T., Palmer, T.M., Ives, A.R., Bruno, J.F., and Bronstein, J.L. 2010. Mutualisms in a changing world: an evolutionary perspective. Ecol. Lett. 13(12):1459-1474.

Kikillus, K.H., Hare, K.M., and Hartley, S. 2010. Minimizing false-negatives when predicting the potential distribution of an invasive species: a bioclimatic envelope for the red-eared slider at global and regional scales. Anim. Conserv. 13:5-15.

Kim, Y.O., and Lee, E.J. 2011. Comparison of phenolic compounds and the effects of invasive and native species in East Asia: support for the novel weapons hypothesis. Ecol. Res. 26(1):87-94.

Knochel, D.G., Flagg, C., and Seastedt, T.R. 2010. Effects of plant competition, seed predation, and nutrient limitation on seedling survivorship of spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe). Biol. Invasions 12(11):3771-3784.

Kolbe, J.J., Kearney, M., and Shine, R. 2010. Modeling the consequences of thermal trait variation for the cane toad invasion of Australia. Ecol. Appl. 20(8):2273-2285.

Krosby, M., Tewksbury, J., Haddad, N.M., and Hoekstra, J. 2010. Ecological connectivity for a changing climate. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1686-1689.

Kuniyal, P.C., and Rajwar, G.S. 2010. Lantana camara L., a serious threat to the tree regeneration in Garhwal Himalaya. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 33(9-10):279-283.

Kuntner, M., May-Collado, L.J., and Agnarsson, I. 2011. Phylogeny and conservation priorities of afrotherian mammals (Afrotheria, Mammalia). Zool. Scr. 40(1):1-15.

Kvist, L., Giralt, D., Valera, F., Hoi, H., Kristin, A., Darchiashvili, G., and Lovaszi, P. 2011. Population decline is accompanied by loss of genetic diversity in the Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor. Ibis 153(1):98-109.

Lach, L., and Hoffmann, B.D. 2011. Are invasive ants better plant-defense mutualists? A comparison of foliage patrolling and herbivory in sites with invasive yellow crazy ants and native weaver ants. Oikos 120(1):9-16.

Lambert, J.E. 2011. Primate seed dispersers as umbrella species: a case study from Kibale National Park, Uganda, with implications for Afrotropical forest conservation. Am. J. Primatol. 73(1):9-24.

Lamoreux, J.F., and Lacher, T.E. 2010. Mammalian endemism, range size and conservation status in the southern temperate zone. Divers. Distrib. 16(6):922-931.

Lavers, J.L., Wilcox, C., and Donlan, C.J. 2010. Bird demographic responses to predator removal programs. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3839-3859.

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Lawler, R.R. 2011. Historical demography of a wild lemur population (Propithecus verreauxi) in southwest Madagascar. Pop. Ecol. 53(1):229-240.

Leathwick, J.R., Snelder, T., Chadderton, W.L., Elith, J., Julian, K., and Ferrier, S. 2011. Use of generalised dissimilarity modelling to improve the biological discrimination of river and stream classifications. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):21-38.

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Robison, R.A., Kyser, G.B., Rice, K.J., and DiTomaso, J.M. 2011. Light intensity is a limiting factor to the inland expansion of Cape ivy (Delairea odorata). Biol. Invasions 13(1):35-44.

Rodríguez-Mendoza, C., and Pineda, E. 2010. Importance of riparian remnants for frog species diversity in a highly fragmented rainforest. Biol. Lett. 6(6):781-784.

Roger, E., Laffan, S.W., and Ramp, D. 2011. Road impacts a tipping point for wildlife populations in threatened landscapes. Pop. Ecol. 53(1):215-227.

Rood, E., Ganie, A.A., and Nijman, V. 2010. Using presence-only modelling to predict Asian elephant habitat use in a tropical forest landscape: implications for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 16(6):975-984.

Roura-Pascual, N., Hui, C., Ikeda, T., Leday, G., Richardson, D.M., Carpintero, S., Espadaler, X., Gómez, C., Guénard, B., Hartley, S., Krushelnycky, P., Lester, P.J., McGeoch, M.A., Menke, S.B., Pedersen, J.S., Pitt, J.P.W., Reyes, J., Sanders, N.J., Suarez, A.V., Touyama, Y., Ward, D., Ward, P.S., and Worner, S.P. 2011. Relative roles of climatic suitability and anthropogenic influence in determining the pattern of spread in a global invader. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(1):220-225.

Row, J.R., Blouin-Demers, G., and Lougheed, S.C. 2010. Habitat distribution influences dispersal and fine-scale genetic population structure of eastern foxsnakes (Mintonius gloydi) across a fragmented landscape. Mol. Ecol. 19(23):5157-5171.

Rowe, H.I. 2010. Tricks of the trade: techniques and opinions from 38 experts in tallgrass prairie restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18:253-262.

Saarinen, E.V., and Austin, J.D. 2010. When technology meets conservation: increased microsatellite marker production using 454 genome sequencing on the endangered Okaloosa darter (Etheostoma okaloosae). J. Heredity 101(6):784-788.

Sacks, B.N., Moore, M., Statham, M.J., and Wittmer, H.U. 2011. A restricted hybrid zone between native and introduced red fox (Vulpes vulpes) populations suggests reproductive barriers and competitive exclusion. Mol. Ecol. 20(2):326-341.

Sæther, B.E., Grøtan, V., Engen, S., Noble, D.G., and Freckleton, R.P. 2011. Rarity, life history and scaling of the dynamics in time and space of British birds. J. Anim. Ecol. 80(1):215-224.

Sallaberry-Pincheira, N., Garin, C.F., González-Acuña, D., Sallaberry, M.A., and Vianna, J.A. 2011. Genetic divergence of Chilean long-tailed snake (Philodryas chamissonis) across latitudes: conservation threats for different lineages. Divers. Distrib. 17(1):152-162.

Sánchez-Fernández, D., Lobo, J.M., Abellán, P., and Millán, A. 2011. How to identify future sampling areas when information is biased and scarce: An example using predictive models for species richness of Iberian water beetles. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):54-59.

Sato, M., Kawaguchi, Y., Yamanaka, H., Okunaka, T., Nakajima, J., Mitani, Y., Shimatani, Y., Mukai, T., and Onikura, N. 2010. Predicting the spatial distribution of the invasive piscivorous chub (Opsariichthys uncirostris uncirostris) in the irrigation ditches of Kyushu, Japan: a tool for the risk management of biological invasions. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3677-3686.

Sawtschuk, J., Bioret, F., and Gallet, S. 2010. Spontaneous succession as a restoration tool for maritime cliff-top vegetation in Brittany, France. Restor. Ecol. 18:273-283.

Schierenbeck, K.A., and Phipps, F. 2010. Population genetics of Howellia aquatilis (Campanulaceae) in disjunct locations throughout the Pacific Northwest. Genetica 138(11-12):1161-1169.

Schloegel, L.M., Ferreira, C.M., James, T.Y., Hipolito, M., Longcore, J.E., Hyatt, A.D., Yabsley, M., Martins, A.M.C.R.P.F., Mazzoni, R., Davies, A.J., and Daszak, P. 2010. The North American bullfrog as a reservoir for the spread of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Brazil. Anim. Conserv. 13:53-61.

Schoenfelder, A.C., Bishop, J.G., Martinson, H.M., and Fagan, W.F. 2010. Resource use efficiency and community effects of invasive Hypochaeris radicata (Asteraceae) during primary succession. Am. J. Bot. 97(11):1772-1779.

Schroeder, C.A., Bowyer, R.T., Bleich, V.C., and Stephenson, T.R. 2010. Sexual segregation in Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep, Ovis canadensis sierrae: ramifications for conservation. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 42(4):476-489.

Schröder, V., and de Leaniz, C.G. 2011. Discrimination between farmed and free-living invasive salmonids in Chilean Patagonia using stable isotope analysis. Biol. Invasions 13(1):203-213.

Schwarcz, K.D., Pataca, C.L., Abreu, A.G., Bariani, J.M., Macrini, C.M.T., and Solferini, V.N. 2010. Genetic diversity in Atlantic Forest trees: fragmentation effects on Astronium graveolens (Anacardiaceae) and Metrodorea nigra (Rutaceae), species with distinct seed dispersal strategies. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164(3):326-336.

Sebaio, F., Braga, É.M., Branquinho, F., Manica, L.T., and Marini, M.Â. 2010. Blood parasites in Brazilian Atlantic Forest birds: effects of fragment size and habitat dependency. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):432-439.

Seidensticker, J. 2010. Saving wild tigers: A case study in biodiversity loss and challenges to be met for recovery beyond 2010. Integr. Zool. 5(4):285-299.

Selonen, V., Sulkava, P., Sulkava, R., Sulkava, S., and Korpimäki, E. 2010. Decline of flying and red squirrels in boreal forests revealed by long-term diet analyses of avian predators. Anim. Conserv. 13(6):579-585.

Shahabuddin, G., and Rao, M. 2010. Do community-conserved areas effectively conserve biological diversity? Global insights and the Indian context. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2926-2936.

Shanmuganathan, T., Pallister, J., Doody, S., McCallum, H., Robinson, T., Sheppard, A., Hardy, C., Halliday, D., Venables, D., Voysey, R., Strive, T., Hinds, L., and Hyatt, A. 2010. Biological control of the cane toad in Australia: a review. Anim. Conserv. 13:16-23.

Siepielski, A.M., and McPeek, M.A. 2010. On the evidence for species coexistence: a critique of the coexistence program. Ecology 91(11):3153-3164.

Silva-Rodríguez, E.A., Ortega-Solís, G.R., and Jiménez, J.E. 2010. Conservation and ecological implications of the use of space by chilla foxes and free-ranging dogs in a human-dominated landscape in southern Chile. Austral Ecol. 35(7):765-777.

Simmonds, M.P., and Brown, V.C. 2010. Is there a conflict between cetacean conservation and marine renewable-energy developments? Wildlife Res. 37(8):688-694.

Skogen, K.A., Holsinger, K.E., and Cardon, Z.G. 2011. Nitrogen deposition, competition and the decline of a regionally threatened legume, Desmodium cuspidatum. Oecologia 165(1):261-269.

Skroblin, A., and Legge, S. 2010. The distribution and status of the western subspecies of the Purple-crowned Fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus coronatus). Emu 110(4):339-347.

Smith, R.I.L., and Richardson, M. 2011. Fuegian plants in Antarctica: natural or anthropogenically assisted immigrants? Biol. Invasions 13(1):1-5.

Snyder, K.A., Uselman, S.M., Jones, T.J., and Duke, S. 2010. Ecophysiological responses of salt cedar (Tamarix spp. L.) to the northern tamarisk beetle (Diorhabda carinulata Desbrochers) in a controlled environment. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3795-3808.

So, W.Y., and Chu, L.M. 2010. Ant assemblages on rehabilitated tropical landfills. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3685-3697.

Sodhi, N.S., and Ehrlich, P.R. (eds.). 2010. Conservation Biology for All. Oxford University Press. New York. 344 pp. <>

Sommerville, M., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Rahajaharison, M., and Jones, J.P.G. 2010. Impact of a community-based payment for environmental services intervention on forest use in Menabe, Madagascar. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1488-1498.

Souza, L., Bunn, W.A., Weltzin, J.F., and Sanders, N.J. 2011. Similar biotic factors affect early establishment and abundance of an invasive plant species across spatial scales. Biol. Invasions 13(1):255-267.

Spehar, S.N., Mathewson, P.D., Nuzuar, Wich, S.A., Marshall, A.J., Kühl, H., Nardiyono, and Meijaard, E. 2010. Estimating orangutan densities using the standing crop and marked nest count methods: lessons learned for conservation. Biotropica 42(6):748-757.

St John, F.A.V., Edwards-Jones, G., and Jones, J.P.G. 2010. Conservation and human behaviour: lessons from social psychology. Wildlife Res. 37(8):658-667.

Steers, R.J., and Allen, E.B. 2010. Post-fire control of invasive plants promotes native recovery in a burned desert shrubland. Restor. Ecol. 18:334-343.

Steeves, T.E., Maloney, R.F., Hale, M.L., Tylianakis, J.M., and Gemmell, N.J. 2010. Genetic analyses reveal hybridization but no hybrid swarm in one of the world's rarest birds. Mol. Ecol. 19(23):5090-5100.

Stella, J.C., Battles, J.J., McBride, J.R., and Orr, B.K. 2010. Riparian seedling mortality from simulated water table recession, and the design of sustainable flow regimes on regulated rivers. Restor. Ecol. 18:284-294.

Stevens, S.R., and Frey, D.F. 2010. Host plant pattern and variation in climate predict the location of natal grounds for migratory monarch butterflies in western North America. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):731-744.

Stewart, T.J., Johannsson, O.E., Holeck, K., Sprules, W.G., and O'Gorman, R. 2010. The Lake Ontario zooplankton community before (1987-1991) and after (2001-2005) invasion-induced ecosystem change. J. Great Lakes Res. 36(4):596-605.

Stockwell, M.P., Clulow, J., and Mahony, M.J. 2010. Host species determines whether infection load increases beyond disease-causing thresholds following exposure to the amphibian chytrid fungus. Anim. Conserv. 13:62-71.

Stokes, E.J. 2010. Improving effectiveness of protection efforts in tiger source sites: developing a framework for law enforcement monitoring using MIST. Integr. Zool. 5(4):363-377.

Suárez-Montes, P., Fornoni, J., and Núñez-Farfán, J. 2011. Conservation genetics of the endemic Mexican Heliconia uxpanapensis in the Los Tuxtlas tropical rain forest. Biotropica 43(1):114-121.

Surina, Z.M., and Surina, B. 2010. Snowbed vegetation in Croatia: Phytosociology, ecology and conservation status. Plant Biosyst. 144(4):747-768.

Sutherland, R.W., Dunning, P.R., and Baker, W.M. 2010. Amphibian encounter rates on roads with different amounts of traffic and urbanization. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1626-1635.

Swenson, U., and Munzinger, J. 2010. Taxonomic revision of Pycnandra subgenus Trouettia (Sapotaceae), with six new species from New Caledonia. Aust. Syst. Bot. 23(5):333-370.

Szabo, J.K., Vesk, P.A., Baxter, P.W.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. Regional avian species declines estimated from volunteer-collected long-term data using List Length Analysis. Ecol. Appl. 20(8):2157-2169.

Szabó, P. 2010. Why history matters in ecology: an interdisciplinary perspective. Environ. Conserv. 37(4):380-387.

Tabarelli, M., Aguiar, A.V., Girão, L.C., Peres, C.A., and Lopes, A.V. 2010. Effects of pioneer tree species hyperabundance on forest fragments in northeastern Brazil. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1654-1663.

Taeubert, J.E., Denic, M., Gum, B., Lange, M., and Geist, J. 2010. Suitability of different salmonid strains as hosts for the endangered freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera L.). Aquat. Conserv. 20(7):728-734.

Taraborelli, A.C., Fox, M.G., Johnson, T.B., and Schaner, T. 2010. Round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) population structure, biomass, prey consumption and mortality from predation in the Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario. J. Great Lakes Res. 36(4):625-632.

Taylor, E.B., Tamkee, P., Keeley, E.R., and Parkinson, E.A. 2011. Conservation prioritization in widespread species: the use of genetic and morphological data to assess population distinctiveness in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from British Columbia, Canada. Evol. Appl. 4(1):100-115.

Teacher, A.G.F., Cunningham, A.A., and Garner, T.W.J. 2010. Assessing the long-term impact of Ranavirus infection in wild common frog populations. Anim. Conserv. 13(5):514-522.

Toftegaard, T., Iason, G.R., Alexander, I.J., Rosendahl, S., and Taylor, A.F.S. 2010. The threatened plant intermediate wintergreen (Pyrola media) associates with a wide range of biotrophic fungi in native Scottish pine woods. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3963-3971.

Traill, L.W., Bradshaw, C.J.A., Delean, S., and Brook, B.W. 2010. Wetland conservation and sustainable use under global change: a tropical Australian case study using magpie geese. Ecography 33(5):818-825.

Trusty, J.L., and Ober, H.K. 2011. Determinants of successful groundcover restoration in forests of the Southeastern United States. J. Nature Conserv. 19(1):34-42.

Tsunoda, H., Mitsuo, Y., Ohira, M., Doi, M., and Senga, Y. 2010. Change of fish fauna in ponds after eradication of invasive piscivorous largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, in north-eastern Japan. Aquat. Conserv. 20(7):710-716.

Tumenta, P.N., Kok, J.S., van Rijssel, J.C., Buij, R., Croes, B.M., Funston, P.J., de Iongh, H.H., and de Haes, H.A.U. 2010. Threat of rapid extermination of the lion (Panthera leo leo) in Waza National Park, Northern Cameroon. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(4):888-894.

Turak, E., Ferrier, S., Barrett, T., Mesley, E., Drielsma, M., Manion, G., Doyle, G., Stein, J., and Gordon, G. 2011. Planning for the persistence of river biodiversity: exploring alternative futures using process-based models. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):39-56.

Turak, E., and Linke, S. 2011. Freshwater conservation planning: an introduction. Freshwater Biol. 56(1):1-5.

Turner, C.B. 2010. Influence of zebra (Dreissena polymorpha) and quagga (Dreissena rostriformis) mussel invasions on benthic nutrient and oxygen dynamics. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 67(12):1899-1908.

Vaidyanathan, S., Krishnaswamy, J., Kumar, N.S., Dhanwatey, H., Dhanwatey, P., and Karanth, K.U. 2010. Patterns of tropical forest dynamics and human impacts: views from above and below the canopy. Biol. Conserv. 143(12):2881-2890.

van Wilgen, N.J., Wilson, J.R.U., Elith, J., Wintle, B.A., and Richardson, D.M. 2010. Alien invaders and reptile traders: what drives the live animal trade in South Africa? Anim. Conserv. 13:24-32.

Veech, J.A., Small, M.F., and Baccus, J.T. 2011. The effect of habitat on the range expansion of a native and an introduced bird species. J. Biogeogr. 38(1):69-77.

Vega, L.A., Koike, F., and Suzuki, M. 2010. Conservation study of Myrsine seguinii in Japan: current distribution explained by past land use and prediction of distribution by land use-planning simulation. Ecol. Res. 25(6):1091-1099.

Vélez-Espino, L.A., Koops, M.A., and Balshine, S. 2010. Invasion dynamics of round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) in Hamilton Harbour, Lake Ontario. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3861-3875.

Vermonden, K., Leuven, R., and van der Velde, G. 2010. Environmental factors determining invasibility of urban waters for exotic macroinvertebrates. Divers. Distrib. 16(6):1009-1021.

Vicente, F. 2010. Micro-invertebrates conservation: forgotten biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(13):3629-3634.

Visconti, P., Pressey, R.L., Bode, M., and Segan, D.B. 2010. Habitat vulnerability in conservation planning-when it matters and how much. Conserv. Lett. 3(6):404-414.

Vogel, J.A., Koford, R.R., and Debinski, D.M. 2010. Direct and indirect responses of tallgrass prairie butterflies to prescribed burning. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):663-677.

Vural, C., Biter, M.K., and Dadandi, M.Y. 2010. A new species of Echinops (Asteraceae) from Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 34(6):513-519.

Walker, R.C.J. 2010. The decline of the critically endangered northern Madagascar spider tortoise (Pyxis arachnoides brygooi). Herpetologica 66(4):411-417.

Wallace, B.P., DiMatteo, A.D., Hurley, B.J., Finkbeiner, E.M., Bolten, A.B., Chaloupka, M.Y., Hutchinson, B.J., Abreu-Grobois, F.A., Amorocho, D., Bjorndal, K.A., Bourjea, J., Bowen, B.W., Dueñas, R.B., Casale, P., Choudhury, B.C., Costa, A., Dutton, P.H., Fallabrino, A., Girard, A., Girondot, M., Godfrey, M.H., Hamann, M., López-Mendilaharsu, M., Marcovaldi, M.A., Mortimer, J.A., Musick, J.A., Nel, R., Pilcher, N.J., Seminoff, J.A., Troëng, S., Witherington, B., and Mast, R.B. 2010. Regional management units for marine turtles: a novel framework for prioritizing conservation and research across multiple scales. PLoS ONE 5(12):e15465.

Walters, E.L., and James, F.C. 2010. Quantifying purported competition with individual- and population-level metrics. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1569-1577.

Walters, J.R., Derrickson, S.R., Fry, D.M., Haig, S.M., Marzluff, J.M., and Wunderle, J.M. 2010. Status of the California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) and efforts to achieve its recovery. Auk 127(4):969-1001.

Wassens, S., Hall, A., Osborne, W., and Watts, R.J. 2010. Habitat characteristics predict occupancy patterns of the endangered amphibian Litoria raniformis in flow-regulated flood plain wetlands. Austral Ecol. 35(8):944-955.

Watling, J.I., Hickman, C.R., Lee, E., Wang, K., and Orrock, J.L. 2011. Extracts of the invasive shrub Lonicera maackii increase mortality and alter behavior of amphibian larvae. Oecologia 165(1):153-159.

Watt, M.S., Kriticos, D.J., Potter, K.J.B., Manning, L.K., Tallent-Halsell, N., and Bourdot, G.W. 2010. Using species niche models to inform strategic management of weeds in a changing climate. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3711-3725.

Watts, P.C., Keat, S., and Thompson, D.J. 2010. Patterns of spatial genetic structure and diversity at the onset of a rapid range expansion: colonisation of the UK by the small red-eyed damselfly Erythromma viridulum. Biol. Invasions 12(11):3887-3903.

Weisz, E.J., and Yan, N.D. 2011. Shifting invertebrate zooplanktivores: watershed-level replacement of the native Leptodora by the non-indigenous Bythotrephes in Canadian Shield lakes. Biol. Invasions 13(1):115-123.

Westfall, K.M., and Gardner, J.P.A. 2010. Genetic diversity of Southern hemisphere blue mussels (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) and the identification of non-indigenous taxa. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 101(4):898-909.

Whiting, J.C., Bowyer, R.T., Flinders, J.T., Bleich, V.C., and Kie, J.G. 2010. Sexual segregation and use of water by bighorn sheep: implications for conservation. Anim. Conserv. 13(6):541-548.

Wibisono, H.T., and Pusparini, W. 2010. Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae): a review of conservation status. Integr. Zool. 5(4):313-323.

Williams, D.E., and Miller, M.W. 2010. Stabilization of fragments to enhance asexual recruitment in Acropora palmata, a threatened Caribbean coral. Restor. Ecol. 18:446-451.

Wilson, B.S., Koenig, S.E., van Veen, R., Miersma, E., and Rudolph, D.C. 2011. Cane toads a threat to West Indian wildlife: mortality of Jamaican boas attributable to toad ingestion. Biol. Invasions 13(1):55-60.

Wilson, C.D., and Roberts, D. 2011. Modelling distributional trends to inform conservation strategies for an endangered species. Divers. Distrib. 17(1):182-189.

Wilson, E.E., and Holway, D.A. 2010. Multiple mechanisms underlie displacement of solitary Hawaiian Hymenoptera by an invasive social wasp. Ecology 91(11):3294-3302.

Wilson, K.A. 2010. Dealing with data uncertainty in conservation planning. Nat. Conservacao 8(2):145-150.

Witt, A.B.R., and Nongogo, A.X. 2011. The impact of fire, and its potential role in limiting the distribution of Bryophyllum delagoense (Crassulaceae) in southern Africa. Biol. Invasions 13(1):125-133.

Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M., Weslawski, J.M., Warzocha, J., and Janas, U. 2010. Habitat loss and possible effects on local species richness in a species-poor system: a case study of southern Baltic Sea macrofauna. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3991-4002.

Wrege, P.H., Rowland, E.D., Thompson, B.G., and Batruch, N. 2010. Use of acoustic tools to reveal otherwise cryptic responses of forest elephants to oil exploration. Conserv. Biol. 24(6):1578-1585.

Yabe, R.D., Marques, E.J., and Marini, M.Â. 2010. Movements of birds among natural vegetation patches in the Pantanal, Brazil. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):400-409.

Yang, B., Chen, X.Y., and Yang, J.X. 2011. Non-native carp of the genus Cyprinus in Lake Xingyun, China, as revealed by morphology and mitochondrial DNA analysis. Biol. Invasions 13(1):105-114.

Yang, S.A., Ferrari, M.J., and Shea, K. 2011. Pollinator behavior mediates negative interactions between two congeneric invasive plant species. Am. Nat. 177(1):110-118.

Yates, C.J., and Ladd, P.G. 2010. Using population viability analysis to predict the effect of fire on the extinction risk of an endangered shrub Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis in a fragmented landscape. Plant Ecol. 211(2):305-319.

Yelenik, S.G., and Levine, J.M. 2010. Processes limiting native shrub recovery in exotic grasslands after non-native herbivore removal. Restor. Ecol. 18:418-425.

Young, J.C., and Marzano, M. 2010. Embodied interdisciplinarity: what is the role of polymaths in environmental research? Environ. Conserv. 37(4):373-375.

Young, J.C., Marzano, M., White, R.M., McCracken, D.I., Redpath, S.M., Carss, D.N., Quine, C.P., and Watt, A.D. 2010. The emergence of biodiversity conflicts from biodiversity impacts: characteristics and management strategies. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3973-3990.

Young, R.P., Baptiste, T.J., Dornelly, A., Temple, H., Whitehead, H., Young, H.G., and Morton, M.N. 2010. Potential impacts of tourist developments in St Lucia on the Endangered White-breasted Thrasher Ramphocinclus brachyurus. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(4):354-364.

Yu, X.D., Luo, T.H., and Zhou, H.Z. 2010. Distribution of ground-dwelling beetle assemblages (Coleoptera) across ecotones between natural oak forests and mature pine plantations in North China. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):617-626.

Yurkonis, K.A., Wilsey, B.J., Moloney, K.A., Drobney, P., and Larson, D.L. 2010. Seeding method influences warm-season grass abundance and distribution but not local diversity in grassland restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18:344-353.

Zacharias, I., and Zamparas, M. 2010. Mediterranean temporary ponds. A disappearing ecosystem. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(14):3827-3834.

Zaczek, J.J., Baer, S.G., and Dalzotto, D.J. 2010. Fire and fertilization effects on the growth and spread of rhizome-transplanted giant cane (Arundinaria gigantea). Restor. Ecol. 18:462-468.

Zaghloul, M.S., Abd El-Wahab, R.H., and Moustafa, A.A. 2010. Ecological assessment and phenotypic and fitness variation of Sinai's remnant populations of Moringa peregrina. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 8(4):351-366.

Zink, R.M., Jones, A.W., Farquhar, C.C., Westberg, M.C., and Rojas, J.I.G. 2010. Comparison of molecular markers in the endangered black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla) and their interpretation in conservation. Auk 127(4):797-806.

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