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Department ofBotany

No. 318
June 2011

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In This Issue

Exploring Asia's Seasonally Dry Forests

Seasonally dry forests are the most widespread forest type remaining in South and Southeast Asia. For many endangered species, such as tigers, elephants, deer, and primates, this unique habitat is central to their survival. The forests are also intimately linked to humans in the region, who have lived in and relied on them for centuries. Despite the importance of seasonally dry forests, little is known of their ecology. The Ecology and Conservation of Seasonally Dry Forests in Asia, published by Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, explores the forest, animals, plants, and people that inhabit a unique forest ecosystem in South and Southeast Asia.

The chapters in this new volume, edited by William J. McShea (Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute), Stuart J. Davies (Center for Tropical Forest Science-Smithsonian Institution Global Earth Observatory Program), and Naris Bhumpakphan (Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand), draw connections between forests, endangered species, and agricultural communities in the region. The contributors, many of whom are in-country researchers and managers who have spent years studying this ecosystem, provide an overview of the ecology and conservation of seasonally dry forests in Asia.

The book also includes case studies for the conservation of species dependent on these ecosystems, such as tigers, elephants, deer, banteng, and gibbons, and discussions of effective management and conservation of seasonally dry forests.

Current Literature


Aguirre, A., Guevara, R., and Dirzo, R. 2011. Effects of forest fragmentation on assemblages of pollinators and floral visitors to male- and female-phase inflorescences of Astrocaryum mexicanum (Arecaceae) in a Mexican rain forest. J. Trop. Ecol. 27:25-33.

Aguraiuja, R. 2011. Reintroduction of the endangered fern species Woodsia ilvensis to Estonia: a long-term pilot study. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):391-400.

Alacs, E.A., Spencer, P.B.S., de Tores, P.J., and Krauss, S.L. 2011. Population genetic structure of island and mainland populations of the quokka, Setonix brachyurus (Macropodidae): a comparison of AFLP and microsatellite markers. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):297-309.

Alagador, D., Martins, M.J., Cerdeira, J.O., Cabeza, M., and Araújo, M.B. 2011. A probability-based approach to match species with reserves when data are at different resolutions. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):811-820.

Alexander, J.M., Kueffer, C., Daehler, C.C., Edwards, P.J., Pauchard, A., Seipel, T., and MIREN Consortium. 2011. Assembly of nonnative floras along elevational gradients explained by directional ecological filtering. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(2):656-661.

Ali, N.S., and Trivedi, C. 2011. Botanic gardens and climate change: a review of scientific activities at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):295-307.

Allgeier, J.E., Rosemond, A.D., and Layman, C.A. 2011. The frequency and magnitude of non-additive responses to multiple nutrient enrichment. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):96-101.

Amar, A., Davies, J., Meek, E., Williams, J., Knight, A., and Redpath, S. 2011. Long-term impact of changes in sheep Ovis aries densities on the breeding output of the hen harrier Circus cyaneus. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):220-227.

Andersen, L.W., Lydersen, C., Frie, A.K., Rosing-Asvid, A., Hauksson, E., and Kovacs, K.M. 2011. A population on the edge: genetic diversity and population structure of the world's northernmost harbour seals (Phoca vitulina). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 102(2):420-439.

Anderson, E.P., and Maldonado-Ocampo, J.A. 2011. A regional perspective on the diversity and conservation of tropical Andean fishes. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):30-39.

Angienda, P.O., Lee, H.J., Elmer, K.R., Abila, R., Waindi, E.N., and Meyer, A. 2011. Genetic structure and gene flow in an endangered native tilapia fish (Oreochromis esculentus) compared to invasive Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Yala swamp, East Africa. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):243-255.

Arrigo, N., Buerki, S., Sarr, A., Guadagnuolo, R., and Kozlowski, G. 2011. Phylogenetics and phylogeography of the monocot genus Baldellia (Alismataceae): Mediterranean refugia, suture zones and implications for conservation. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 58(1):33-42.

Athreya, V., Odden, M., Linnell, J.D.C., and Karanth, K.U. 2011. Translocation as a tool for mitigating conflict with leopards in human-dominated landscapes of India. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):133-141.

Bahm, M.A., and Barnes, T.G. 2011. Native grass and forb response to pre-emergent application of imazapic and imazapyr. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):75-79.

Barlow, A.C.D., Smith, J.L.D., Ahmad, I.U., Hossain, A.N.M., Rahman, M., and Howlader, A. 2011. Female tiger Panthera tigris home range size in the Bangladesh Sundarbans: the value of this mangrove ecosystem for the species' conservation. Oryx 45(1):125-128.

Bass, D., Anderson, P., and De Silva, N. 2011. Applying thresholds to identify key biodiversity areas for marine turtles in Melanesia. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):1-11.

Bauer, J.T., and Flory, S.L. 2011. Suppression of the woodland herb Senna hebecarpa by the invasive grass Microstegium vimineum. Am. Midl. Nat. 165(1):105-115.

Baugh, T., and Evans, R.E. 2011. Restoration of a Southern Appalachian Mountain bog phase II - hydrology. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):88-91.

Bazhina, E.V., Kvitko, O.V., and Muratova, E.N. 2011. Specific features of meiosis in the Siberian Fir (Abies sibirica) in the forest Arboretum of the V. N. Sukachev Institute, Russia. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):415-428.

Beatty, S.J., Morgan, D.L., Rashnavadi, M., and Lymbery, A.J. 2011. Salinity tolerances of endemic freshwater fishes of south-western Australia: implications for conservation in a biodiversity hotspot. Mar. Freshwater Res. 62(1):91-100.

Bennett, A.F., and Watson, D.M. 2011. Declining woodland birds - is our science making a difference? Emu 111(1):I-VI.

Bernasconi, C., Cherix, D., Seifert, B., and Pamilo, P. 2011. Molecular taxonomy of the Formica rufa group (red wood ants) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): a new cryptic species in the Swiss Alps? Myrmecol. News 14:37-47.

Besson, A.A., and Cree, A. 2011. Integrating physiology into conservation: an approach to help guide translocations of a rare reptile in a warming environment. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):28-37.

Bilney, R.J., White, J.G., L'Hotellier, F.A., and Cooke, R. 2011. Spatial ecology of Sooty Owls in south-eastern Australian coastal forests: implications for forest management and reserve design. Emu 111(1):92-99.

Bilotta, G.S., Sibley, P., Hateley, J., and Don, A. 2011. The decline of the European eel Anguilla anguilla: quantifying and managing escapement to support conservation. J. Fish Biol. 78(1):23-38.

Borgen, L., and Guldahl, A.S. 2011. Great-granny's Garden: a living archive and a sensory garden. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):441-449.

Botermans, M., Sosef, M.S.M., Chatrou, L.W., and Couvreur, T.L.P. 2011. Revision of the African genus Hexalobus (Annonaceae). Syst. Bot. 36(1):33-48.

Botts, E.A., Erasmus, B.F.N., and Alexander, G.J. 2011. Geographic sampling bias in the South African Frog Atlas Project: implications for conservation planning. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):119-139.

Branton, M., and Richardson, J.S. 2011. Assessing the value of the umbrella-species concept for conservation planning with meta-analysis. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):9-20.

Breck, S.W., Kluever, B.M., Panasci, M., Oakleaf, J., Johnson, T., Ballard, W., Howery, L., and Bergman, D.L. 2011. Domestic calf mortality and producer detection rates in the Mexican wolf recovery area: implications for livestock management and carnivore compensation schemes. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):930-936.

Bryan, B.A., Raymond, C.M., Crossman, N.D., and King, D. 2011. Comparing spatially explicit ecological and social values for natural areas to identify effective conservation strategies. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):172-181.

Burkitt, J., and Wootton, L. 2011. Effects of disturbance and age of invasion on the impact of the invasive sand sedge, Carex kobomugi, on native dune plant populations in New Jersey's coastal dunes. J. Coastal Res. 27(1):182-193.

Byers, J.E., Altman, I., Grosse, A.M., Huspeni, T.C., and Maerz, J.C. 2011. Using parasitic trematode larvae to quantify an elusive vertebrate host. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):85-93.

Cabral, J.S., Bond, W.J., Midgley, G.F., Rebelo, A.G., Thuiller, W., and Schurr, F.M. 2011. Effects of harvesting flowers from shrubs on the persistence and abundance of wild shrub populations at multiple spatial extents. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):73-84.

Cameron, R.P., and Williams, D. 2011. Completing an ecosystem classification system for Nova Scotia. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):92-96.

Cameron, S.A., Lozier, J.D., Strange, J.P., Koch, J.B., Cordes, N., Solter, L.F., and Griswold, T.L. 2011. Patterns of widespread decline in North American bumble bees. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(2):662-667.

Can, Ö.E., Kandemir, I., and Togan, I. 2011. The wildcat Felis silvestris in northern Turkey: assessment of status using camera trapping. Oryx 45(1):112-118.

Castellanos-Galindo, G.A., Cantera, J.R., Espinosa, S., and Mejía-Ladino, L.M. 2011. Use of local ecological knowledge, scientist's observations and grey literature to assess marine species at risk in a tropical eastern Pacific estuary. Aquat. Conserv. 21(1):37-48.

Cheyne, S.M., and Macdonald, D.W. 2011. Wild felid diversity and activity patterns in Sabangau peat-swamp forest, Indonesian Borneo. Oryx 45(1):119-124.

Clark, R.W., Marchand, M.N., Clifford, B.J., Stechert, R., and Stephens, S. 2011. Decline of an isolated timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) population: interactions between climate change, disease, and loss of genetic diversity. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):886-891.

Claudet, J., García-Charton, J.A., and Lenfant, P. 2011. Combined effects of levels of protection and environmental variables at different spatial resolutions on fish assemblages in a marine protected area. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):105-114.

Clavero, M., and Hermoso, V. 2011. Reservoirs promote the taxonomic homogenization of fish communities within river basins. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):41-57.

Cobb, T.P., Morissette, J.L., Jacobs, J.M., Koivula, M.J., Spence, J.R., and Langor, D.W. 2011. Effects of postfire salvage logging on deadwood-associated beetles. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):94-104.

Collen, B., Howard, R., Konie, J., Daniel, O., and Rist, J. 2011. Field surveys for the Endangered pygmy hippopotamus Choeropsis liberiensis in Sapo National Park, Liberia. Oryx 45(1):35-37.

Corti, P., Shafer, A.B.A., Coltman, D.W., and Festa-Bianchet, M. 2011. Past bottlenecks and current population fragmentation of endangered huemul deer (Hippocamelus bisulcus): implications for preservation of genetic diversity. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):119-128.

Cousins, S.A.O., and Vanhoenacker, D. 2011. Detection of extinction debt depends on scale and specialisation. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):782-787.

Cox, R.L., and Underwood, E.C. 2011. The importance of conserving biodiversity outside of protected areas in Mediterranean ecosystems. PLoS ONE 6(1):e14508.

Cunningham, P.L., and Wronski, T. 2011. Twenty years of monitoring of the Vulnerable Farasan gazelle Gazella gazella farasani on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia: an overview. Oryx 45(1):50-55.

Curran, M., de Baan, L., De Schryver, A.M., van Zelm, R., Hellweg, S., Koellner, T., Sonnemann, G., and Huijbregts, M.A.J. 2011. Toward meaningful end points of biodiversity in Life Cycle Assessment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(1):70-79.

Davies, K.F., Melbourne, B.A., McClenahan, J.L., and Tuff, T. 2011. Statistical models for monitoring and predicting effects of climate change and invasion on the free-living insects and a spider from sub-Antarctic Heard Island. Polar Biol. 34(1):119-125.

Davis, M.L., Kelly, M.J., and Stauffer, D.F. 2011. Carnivore co-existence and habitat use in the Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve, Belize. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):56-65.

de Moura, P.A., Quek, S.P., Cardoso, M.Z., and Kronforst, M.R. 2011. Comparative population genetics of mimetic Heliconius butterflies in an endangered habitat; Brazil's Atlantic Forest. BMC Genet. 12:9

de Pous, P., Beukema, W., Weterings, M., Dümmer, I., and Geniez, P. 2011. Area prioritization and performance evaluation of the conservation area network for the Moroccan herpetofauna: a preliminary assessment. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):89-118.

De Silva, N., and Bass, D.K. 2011. Nesting conservation priorities by geographic scale: preliminary lessons from the application of percent thresholds to the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas for Marine Turtles in Melanesia. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):16-17.

Delmas, M., Larpin, D., and Haevermans, T. 2011. Rethinking the links between systematic studies and ex situ living collections as a contribution to the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):287-294.

Desbiez, A.L.J., Keuroghlian, A., Piovezan, U., and Bodmer, R.E. 2011. Invasive species and bushmeat hunting contributing to wildlife conservation: the case of feral pigs in a Neotropical wetland. Oryx 45(1):78-83.

Dietl, G.P., and Flessa, K.W. 2011. Conservation paleobiology: putting the dead to work. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26(1):30-37.

Doerr, V.A.J., Barrett, T., and Doerr, E.D. 2011. Connectivity, dispersal behaviour and conservation under climate change: a response to Hodgson et al. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):143-147.

Dogan, B., Duran, A., and Makbul, S. 2011. Scorzonera tuzgoluensis sp. nov. (Asteraceae), a new halophytic species from central Anatolia, Turkey. Nord. J. Bot. 29(1):20-25.

Drouin, A., McKindsey, C.W., and Johnson, L.E. 2011. Higher abundance and diversity in faunal assemblages with the invasion of Codium fragile ssp. fragile in eelgrass meadows. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 424:105-117.

Drury, R., Homewood, K., and Randall, S. 2011. Less is more: the potential of qualitative approaches in conservation research. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):18-24.

Duncan, W.W., Goodloe, R.B., Meyer, J.L., and Prowell, E.S. 2011. Does channel incision affect in-stream habitat? Examining the effects of multiple geomorphic variables on fish habitat. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):64-73.

Dzialak, M.R., Harju, S.M., Osborn, R.G., Wondzell, J.J., Hayden-Wing, L.D., Winstead, J.B., and Webb, S.L. 2011. Prioritizing conservation of ungulate calving resources in multiple-use landscapes. PLoS ONE 6(1):e14597.

Ebenman, B. 2011. Response of ecosystems to realistic extinction sequences. J. Anim. Ecol. 80(2):307-309.

Edgar, G.J., and Brooks, T.M. 2011. Testing absolute and percentage thresholds in the identification of key biodiversity areas. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):12-13.

Ellis, B.K., Stanford, J.A., Goodman, D., Stafford, C.P., Gustafson, D.L., Beauchamp, D.A., Chess, D.W., Craft, J.A., Deleray, M.A., and Hansen, B.S. 2011. Long-term effects of a trophic cascade in a large lake ecosystem. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(3):1070-1075.

Espigares, T., Moreno-de las Heras, M., and Nicolau, J.M. 2011. Performance of vegetation in reclaimed slopes affected by soil erosion. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):35-44.

Everard, M., and Kataria, G. 2011. Recreational angling markets to advance the conservation of a reach of the Western Ramganga River, India. Aquat. Conserv. 21(1):101-108.

Fan, P.F., Xiao, W., Huo, S., Ai, H.S., Wang, T.C., and Ru-Tao, L. 2011. Distribution and conservation status of the Vulnerable eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in China. Oryx 45(1):129-134.

Farmer, J.R., Chancellor, C., and Fischer, B.C. 2011. Motivations for using conservation easements as a land protection mechanism: a mixed methods analysis. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):80-87.

Ford, H.A. 2011. The causes of decline of birds of eucalypt woodlands: advances in our knowledge over the last 10 years. Emu 111(1):1-9.

Forero-Medina, G., Joppa, L., and Pimm, S.L. 2011. Constraints to species' elevational range shifts as climate changes. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):163-171.

Franks, S.J., Pratt, P.D., and Tsutsui, N.D. 2011. The genetic consequences of a demographic bottleneck in an introduced biological control insect. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):201-211.

Fuchs, E.J., and Hamrick, J.L. 2011. Mating system and pollen flow between remnant populations of the endangered tropical tree, Guaiacum sanctum (Zygophyllaceae). Conserv. Genet. 12(1):175-185.

Gagnon, P.R., Bruna, E.M., Rubim, P., Darrigo, M.R., Littell, R.C., Uriarte, M., and Kress, W.J. 2011. Growth of an understory herb is chronically reduced in Amazonian forest fragments. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):830-835.

García, L.V., Ramo, C., Aponte, C., Moreno, A., Domínguez, M.T., Gómez-Aparicio, L., Redondo, R., and Marañón, T. 2011. Protected wading bird species threaten relict centenarian cork oaks in a Mediterranean Biosphere Reserve: a conservation management conflict. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):764-771.

García-Orth, X., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2011. Isolated trees and grass removal improve performance of transplanted Trema micrantha (L.) Blume (Ulmaceae) saplings in tropical pastures. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):24-34.

Ge, X.J., Hwang, C.C., Liu, Z.H., Huang, C.C., Huang, W.H., Hung, K.H., Wang, W.K., and Chiang, T.Y. 2011. Conservation genetics and phylogeography of endangered and endemic shrub Tetraena mongolica (Zygophyllaceae) in Inner Mongolia, China. BMC Genet. 12:1.

Giakoumi, S., Grantham, H.S., Kokkoris, G.D., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Designing a network of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea with limited socio-economic data. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):753-763.

Godefroid, S., Piazza, C., Rossi, G., Buord, S., Stevens, A.D., Aguraiuja, R., Cowell, C., Weekley, C.W., Vogg, G., Iriondo, J.M., Johnson, I., Dixon, B., Gordon, D., Magnanon, S., Valentin, B., Bjureke, K., Koopman, R., Vicens, M., Virevaire, M., and Vanderborght, T. 2011. How successful are plant species reintroductions? Biol. Conserv. 144(2):672-682.

Golet, G.H., Gardali, T., Hunt, J.W., Koenig, D.A., and Williams, N.M. 2011. Temporal and taxonomic variability in response of fauna to riparian restoration. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):126-135.

Gordon, J.E., and Wear, D.J. 2011. Parameters affecting the success of protected Shoals spider lily, Hymenocallis coronaria, in the Savannah River basin, Georgia. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):34-42.

Goulson, D., Rayner, P., Dawson, B., and Darvill, B. 2011. Translating research into action; bumblebee conservation as a case study. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):3-8.

Grant, P.B.C., and Samways, M.J. 2011. Micro-hotspot determination and buffer zone value for Odonata in a globally significant biosphere reserve. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):772-781.

Gregr, E.J., and Chan, K.M.A. 2011. Making science relevant to marine ecosystem-based management. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):670-671.

Grüss, A., Kaplan, D.M., Guénette, S., Roberts, C.M., and Botsford, L.W. 2011. Consequences of adult and juvenile movement for marine protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):692-702.

Gulezian, P.Z., and Nyberg, D.W. 2011. Naturalized pine (Pinus nigra) promotes growth of woody vegetation in native sand prairie: impacts of invasion 130 years after introduction. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):6-13.

Gurney, K.M., Schaberg, P.G., Hawley, G.J., and Shane, J.B. 2011. Inadequate cold tolerance as a possible limitation to American chestnut restoration in the northeastern United States. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):55-63.

Halfwerk, W., Holleman, L.J.M., Lessells, C.M., and Slabbekoorn, H. 2011. Negative impact of traffic noise on avian reproductive success. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):210-219.

Hallam, T.G., and McCracken, G.F. 2011. Management of the panzootic white-nose syndrome through culling of bats. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):189-194.

Hällfors, M.H., Lindén, L., Rita, H., and Schulman, L.E. 2011. Using a botanic garden collection to test a bioclimatic hypothesis. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):259-275.

Hambler, C., Henderson, P.A., and Speight, M.R. 2011. Extinction rates, extinction-prone habitats, and indicator groups in Britain and at larger scales. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):713-721.

Hartter, J., and Goldman, A. 2011. Local responses to a forest park in western Uganda: alternate narratives on fortress conservation. Oryx 45(1):60-68.

He, H., and Zhang, L.B. 2011. Polystichum cavernicola, sp nov (sect. Haplopolystichum, Dryopteridaceae) from a karst cave in Guizhou, China and its phylogenetic affinities. Bot. Stud. 52(1):121-127.

He, Z.Y., Bentley, L.P., and Holaday, A.S. 2011. Greater seasonal carbon gain across a broad temperature range contributes to the invasive potential of Phalaris arundinacea (Poaceae; reed canary grass) over the native sedge Carex stricta (Cyperaceae). Am. J. Bot. 98(1):20-30.

Heywood, V.H. 2011. The role of botanic gardens as resource and introduction centres in the face of global change. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):221-239.

Hodgson, J.A., Moilanen, A., Wintle, B.A., and Thomas, C.D. 2011. Habitat area, quality and connectivity: striking the balance for efficient conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):148-152.

Holmes, K.A., Veblen, K.E., Berry, A.M., and Young, T.P. 2011. Effects of prescribed fires on young valley oak trees at a research restoration site in the Central Valley of California. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):118-125.

Hosia, A., Titelman, J., Hansson, L.J., and Haraldsson, M. 2011. Interactions between native and alien ctenophores: Beroe gracilis and Mnemiopsis leidyi in Gullmarsfjorden. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 422:129-138.

Hu, J.A., De Barro, P., Zhao, H., Wang, J., Nardi, F., and Liu, S.S. 2011. An extensive field survey combined with a phylogenetic analysis reveals rapid and widespread invasion of two alien whiteflies in China. PLoS ONE 6(1):e16061.

Ibarra-Macias, A., Robinson, W.D., and Gaines, M.S. 2011. Experimental evaluation of bird movements in a fragmented Neotropical landscape. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):703-712.

Ingwell, L.L., and Preisser, E.L. 2011. Using citizen science programs to identify host resistance in pest-invaded forests. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):182-188.

Innerhofer, S., and Bernhardt, K.G. 2011. Ethnobotanic garden design in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):429-439.

Isasi-Catalá, E. 2011. Indicator, umbrellas, flagships and keystone species concepts: use and abuse in conservation ecology. Interciencia 36(1):31-38.

Jamieson, I.G. 2011. Founder effects, inbreeding, and loss of genetic diversity in four avian reintroduction programs. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):115-123.

Jenner, B., French, K., Oxenham, K., and Major, R.E. 2011. Population decline of the White-fronted Chat (Epthianura albifrons) in New South Wales, Australia. Emu 111(1):84-91.

Jones, J.P.G. 2011. Monitoring species abundance and distribution at the landscape scale. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):9-13.

Joseph, M.B., Gentles, M., and Pearse, I.S. 2011. The parasitoid community of Andricus quercuscalifornicus and its association with gall size, phenology, and location. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):203-216.

Kaczensky, P., Kuehn, R., Lhagvasuren, B., Pietsch, S., Yang, W.K., and Walzer, C. 2011. Connectivity of the Asiatic wild ass population in the Mongolian Gobi. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):920-929.

Kanga, E.M., Ogutu, J.O., Olff, H., and Santema, P. 2011. Population trend and distribution of the Vulnerable common hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius in the Mara Region of Kenya. Oryx 45(1):20-27.

Kelly, M., Tuxen, K.A., and Stralberg, D. 2011. Mapping changes to vegetation pattern in a restoring wetland: finding pattern metrics that are consistent across spatial scale and time. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):263-273.

Kendall, C.I. 2011. The spatial and agricultural basis of crop raiding by the Vulnerable common hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius around Ruaha National Park, Tanzania. Oryx 45(1):28-34.

Kikuchi, S., Suzuki, W., and Sashimura, N. 2011. Gene flow in an endangered willow Salix hukaoana (Salicaceae) in natural and fragmented riparian landscapes. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):79-89.

Komonen, A., and Kouki, J. 2011. Do woodland key habitats really support the functionality of reserve networks? Biol. Conserv. 144(2):667.

Kovalenko, K.E., and Dibble, E.D. 2011. Effects of invasive macrophyte on trophic diversity and position of secondary consumers. Hydrobiologia 663(1):167-173.

Kraus, F.B., Szentgyörgyi, H., Rozej, E., Rhode, M., Moron, D., Woyciechowski, M., and Moritz, R.F.A. 2011. Greenhouse bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) spread their genes into the wild. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):187-192.

LaRue, E.A., Ruetz, C.R., Stacey, M.B., and Thum, R.A. 2011. Population genetic structure of the round goby in Lake Michigan: implications for dispersal of invasive species. Hydrobiologia 663(1):71-82.

Laws, R.J., and Jamieson, I.G. 2011. Is lack of evidence of inbreeding depression in a threatened New Zealand robin indicative of reduced genetic load? Anim. Conserv. 14(1):47-55.

Li, D.L., Chen, S.H., Guan, L., Lloyd, H., Liu, Y.L., Lv, J.Z., and Zhang, Z.W. 2011. Patterns of waterbird community composition across a natural and restored wetland landscape mosaic, Yellow River Delta, China. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 91(2):325-332.

Lin, C.P., Huang, J.P., Lee, Y.H., and Chen, M.Y. 2011. Phylogenetic position of a threatened stag beetle, Lucanus datunensis (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) in Taiwan and implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):337-341.

Lind, A.J., Spinks, P.Q., Fellers, G.M., and Shaffer, H.B. 2011. Rangewide phylogeography and landscape genetics of the Western U.S. endemic frog Rana boylii (Ranidae): implications for the conservation of frogs and rivers. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):269-284.

Linder, J.M., and Oates, J.F. 2011. Differential impact of bushmeat hunting on monkey species and implications for primate conservation in Korup National Park, Cameroon. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):738-745.

Lindsell, J.A., Klop, E., and Siaka, A.M. 2011. The impact of civil war on forest wildlife in West Africa: mammals in Gola Forest, Sierra Leone. Oryx 45(1):69-77.

Lindsey, P.A., Romañach, S.S., Matema, S., Matema, C., Mupamhadzi, I., and Muvengwi, J. 2011. Dynamics and underlying causes of illegal bushmeat trade in Zimbabwe. Oryx 45(1):84-95.

Lindsey, P.A., Romañach, S.S., Tambling, C.J., Chartier, K., and Groom, R. 2011. Ecological and financial impacts of illegal bushmeat trade in Zimbabwe. Oryx 45(1):96-111.

Linklater, W.L., and Gedir, J.V. 2011. Distress unites animal conservation and welfare towards synthesis and collaboration. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):25-27.

Lintz, H.E., Huso, M., Stanley, K.C., and Taylor, T. 2011. Composting one invasive species to control another. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):1-4.

Lloyd, H., and Marsden, S.J. 2011. Between-patch bird movements within a high-Andean Polylepis woodland/matrix landscape: implications for habitat restoration. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):74-82.

Lockwood, J.L. 2011. A close look at extinction rates. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):665.

Louzao, M., Pinaud, D., Péron, C., Delord, K., Wiegand, T., and Weimerskirch, H. 2011. Conserving pelagic habitats: seascape modelling of an oceanic top predator. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):121-132.

Lundström, J., Öhman, K., Perhans, K., Rönnqvist, M., and Gustafsson, L. 2011. Cost-effective age structure and geographical distribution of boreal forest reserves. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):133-142.

Maljkovic, A., and Côté, I.M. 2011. Effects of tourism-related provisioning on the trophic signatures and movement patterns of an apex predator, the Caribbean reef shark. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):859-865.

Maron, M., Main, A., Bowen, M., Howes, A., Kath, J., Pillette, C., and McAlpine, C.A. 2011. Relative influence of habitat modification and interspecific competition on woodland bird assemblages in eastern Australia. Emu 111(1):40-51.

Marques, M.C.M., Swaine, M.D., and Liebsch, D. 2011. Diversity distribution and floristic differentiation of the coastal lowland vegetation: implications for the conservation of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):153-168.

Marushia, R.G., and Allen, E.B. 2011. Control of exotic annual grasses to restore native forbs in abandoned agricultural land. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):45-54.

Mason, R.A.B., Browning, T.L., and Eldridge, M.D.B. 2011. Reduced MHC class II diversity in island compared to mainland populations of the black-footed rock-wallaby (Petrogale lateralis lateralis). Conserv. Genet. 12(1):91-103.

Mathur, P.K., Kumar, H., Lehmkuhl, J.F., Tripathi, A., Sawarkar, V.B., and De, R. 2011. Mammal indicator species for protected areas and managed forests in a landscape conservation area of northern India. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):1-17.

McGowan, C.P., Ryan, M.R., Runge, M.C., Millspaugh, J.J., and Cochrane, J.F. 2011. The role of demographic compensation theory in incidental take assessments for endangered species. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):730-737.

McShea, W.J., Davies, S.J., and Bhumpakphan, N. (eds.). 2011. The Ecology and Conservation of Seasonally Dry Forests in Asia. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. Washington, DC. 418 pp.

Measey, G.J., and Tolley, K.A. 2011. Investigating the cause of the disjunct distribution of Amietophrynus pantherinus, the Endangered South African western leopard toad. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):61-70.

Meegaskumbura, M., and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. 2011. Two new species of shrub frogs (Rhacophoridae: Pseudophilautus) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 2747:1-18.

Mira, S., González-Benito, M.E., Ibars, A.M., and Estrelles, E. 2011. Dormancy release and seed ageing in the endangered species Silene diclinis. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):345-358.

Mobaied, S., Riera, B., Lalanne, A., Baguette, M., and Machon, N. 2011. The use of diachronic spatial approaches and predictive modelling to study the vegetation dynamics of a managed heathland. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):73-88.

Mondoni, A., Probert, R.J., Rossi, G., Vegini, E., and Hay, F.R. 2011. Seeds of alpine plants are short lived: implications for long-term conservation. Ann. Botany 107(1):171-179.

Monteiro-Henriques, T., and Espírito-Santo, M.D. 2011. Climate change and the outdoor regional living plant collections: an example from mainland Portugal. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):335-343.

Mortelliti, A., Amori, G., Capizzi, D., Cervone, C., Fagiani, S., Pollini, B., and Boitani, L. 2011. Independent effects of habitat loss, habitat fragmentation and structural connectivity on the distribution of two arboreal rodents. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):153-162.

Murrell, C., Gerber, E., Krebs, C., Parepa, M., Schaffner, U., and Bossdorf, O. 2011. Invasive knotweed affects native plants through allelopathy. Am. J. Bot. 98(1):38-43.

Nada, M., and Casale, P. 2011. Sea turtle bycatch and consumption in Egypt threatens Mediterranean turtle populations. Oryx 45(1):143-149.

Nagy, Z.L., and Postawa, T. 2011. Seasonal and geographical distribution of cave-dwelling bats in Romania: implications for conservation. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):74-86.

Neuffer, B., Bernhardt, K.G., Hurka, H., and Kropf, M. 2011. Monitoring population and gene pool dynamics of the annual species Capsella bursa-pastoris (Brassicaceae): a review of relevant species traits and the initiation of a long-term genetic monitoring programme. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):309-323.

Nichols, E., and Gómez, A. 2011. Conservation education needs more parasites. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):937-941.

Ohmer, M.E., and Bishop, P.J. 2011. Citation rate and perceived subject bias in the amphibian-decline literature. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):195-199.

Olden, J.D., Kennard, M.J., Lawler, J.J., and Poff, N.L. 2011. Challenges and opportunities in implementing managed relocation for conservation of freshwater species. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):40-47.

Oro, D., Martínez-Abraín, A., Villuendas, E., Sarzo, B., Mínguez, E., Carda, J., and Genovart, M. 2011. Lessons from a failed translocation program with a seabird species: determinants of success and conservation value. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):851-858.

Orsi, F., Geneletti, D., and Newton, A.C. 2011. Towards a common set of criteria and indicators to identify forest restoration priorities: an expert panel-based approach. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):337-347.

Packer, C., Brink, H., Kissui, B.M., Maliti, H., Kushnir, H., and Caro, T. 2011. Effects of trophy hunting on lion and leopard populations in Tanzania. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):142-153.

Palomares, F., Rodríguez, A., Revilla, E., López-Bao, J.V., and Calzada, J. 2011. Assessment of the conservation efforts to prevent extinction of the Iberian lynx. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):4-8.

Paukert, C.P., Pitts, K.L., Whittier, J.B., and Olden, J.D. 2011. Development and assessment of a landscape-scale ecological threat index for the Lower Colorado River Basin. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):304-310.

Peach, W.J., Dodd, S., Westbury, D.B., Mortimer, S.R., Lewis, P., Brook, A.J., Harris, S.J., Kessock-Philip, R., Buckingham, D.L., and Chaney, K. 2011. Cereal-based wholecrop silages: a potential conservation measure for farmland birds in pastoral landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):836-850.

Pearman, P.B., Guisan, A., and Zimmermann, N.E. 2011. Impacts of climate change on Swiss biodiversity: an indicator taxa approach. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):866-875.

Perrakis, D.D.B., Agee, J.K., and Eglitis, A. 2011. Effects of prescribed burning on mortality and resin defenses in old growth ponderosa pine (Crater Lake, Oregon): four years of post-fire monitoring. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):14-25.

Piovan, A., Cassina, G., and Filippini, R. 2011. Crambe tataria: actions for ex situ conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):359-371.

Piqueray, J., Bottin, G., Delescaille, L.M., Bisteau, E., Colinet, G., and Mahy, G. 2011. Rapid restoration of a species-rich ecosystem assessed from soil and vegetation indicators: the case of calcareous grasslands restored from forest stands. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):724-733.

Poiani, K.A., Goldman, R.L., Hobson, J., Hoekstra, J.M., and Nelson, K.S. 2011. Redesigning biodiversity conservation projects for climate change: examples from the field. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):185-201.

Prieto-Benítez, S., and Méndez, M. 2011. Effects of land management on the abundance and richness of spiders (Araneae): a meta-analysis. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):683-691.

Primack, R.B., and Drayton, B. 2011. An important review of plant reintroductions. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):666.

Rae, D. 2011. Fit for purpose: the importance of quality standards in the cultivation and use of live plant collections for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):241-258.

Ramírez-Barahona, S., Luna-Vega, I., and Tejero-Díez, D. 2011. Species richness, endemism, and conservation of American tree ferns (Cyatheales). Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):59-72.

Ransler, F.A., Quinn, T.W., and Oyler-McCance, S.J. 2011. Genetic consequences of trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator) reintroductions. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):257-268.

Raven, P.J. 2011. How will river conservation cope with the global economic downturn? Observations from an international conference. Aquat. Conserv. 21(1):1-6.

Rebelo, A.G., Holmes, P.M., Dorse, C., and Wood, J. 2011. Impacts of urbanization in a biodiversity hotspot: conservation challenges in Metropolitan Cape Town. S. Afr. J. Bot. 77(1):20-35.

Reed, T.E., Schindler, D.E., and Waples, R.S. 2011. Interacting effects of phenotypic plasticity and evolution on population persistence in a changing climate. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):56-63.

Ren, Z.X., Wang, H., Jin, X.H., and Li, D.Z. 2011. Calanthe yaoshanensis sp. nov. (Orchidaceae) from northeastern Yunnan, China. Nord. J. Bot. 29(1):54-56.

Rey, P.J. 2011. Preserving frugivorous birds in agro-ecosystems: lessons from Spanish olive orchards. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):228-237.

Reza, M.I.H., and Abdullah, S.A. 2011. Regional Index of Ecological Integrity: a need for sustainable management of natural resources. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):220-229.

Robledano, F., Esteve, M.A., Martínez-Fernández, J., and Farinós, P. 2011. Determinants of wintering waterbird changes in a Mediterranean coastal lagoon affected by eutrophication. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):395-406.

Rodríguez, J.P., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Baillie, J.E.M., Ash, N., Benson, J., Boucher, T., Brown, C., Burgess, N.D., Collen, B., Jennings, M., Keith, D.A., Nicholson, E., Revenga, C., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Smith, T., Spalding, M., Taber, A., Walpole, M., Zager, I., and Zamin, T. 2011. Establishing IUCN Red List criteria for threatened ecosystems. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):21-29.

Rothlisberger, J.D., and Lodge, D.M. 2011. Limitations of gravity models in predicting the spread of Eurasian watermilfoil. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):64-72.

Rucinska, A., and Puchalski, J. 2011. Comparative molecular studies on the genetic diversity of an ex situ garden collection and its source population of the critically endangered polish endemic plant Cochlearia polonica E. Frohlich. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):401-413.

Safner, T., Miaud, C., Gaggiotti, O., Decout, S., Rioux, D., Zundel, S., and Manel, S. 2011. Combining demography and genetic analysis to assess the population structure of an amphibian in a human-dominated landscape. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):161-173.

Schaublin, S., and Bollmann, K. 2011. Winter habitat selection and conservation of Hazel Grouse (Bonasa bonasia) in mountain forests. J. Ornithol. 152(1):179-192.

Schauwecker, T., Brzuszek, R., Cooke, B., and Grala, K. 2011. Historical forest patterns and the analysis of site-scale forest gradients for natural area mangement. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):43-50.

Schlacher, T.A., de Jager, R., and Nielsen, T. 2011. Vegetation and ghost crabs in coastal dunes as indicators of putative stressors from tourism. Ecol. Indic. 11(2):284-294.

Schulman, L., and Lehvävirta, S. 2011. Botanic gardens in the age of climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):217-220.

Schultz, J.K., Baker, J.D., Toonen, R.J., Harting, A.L., and Bowen, B.W. 2011. Range-wide genetic connectivity of the Hawaiian monk seal and implications for translocation. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):124-132.

Scott, J.M., and Rachlow, J.L. 2011. Refocusing the debate about advocacy. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):1-3.

Segan, D.B., Bottrill, M.C., Baxter, P.W.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Using conservation evidence to guide management. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):200-202.

Shanahan, D.F., Miller, C., Possingham, H.P., and Fuller, R.A. 2011. The influence of patch area and connectivity on avian communities in urban revegetation. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):722-729.

Sharrock, S., and Jones, M. 2011. Saving Europe's threatened flora: progress towards GSPC Target 8 in Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):325-333.

Sinclair, E.A., Madsen, A., Walsh, T., Nelson, J., and Crandall, K.A. 2011. Cryptic genetic divergence in the giant Tasmanian freshwater crayfish Astacopsis gouldi (Decapoda: Parastacidae): implications for conservation. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):87-97.

Singh, N.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2011. Conserving a moving target: planning protection for a migratory species as its distribution changes. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):35-46.

Singh, N.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2011. Monitoring ungulates in Central Asia: current constraints and future potential. Oryx 45(1):38-49.

Skagen, S.K., and Adams, A.A.Y. 2011. Potential misuse of avian density as a conservation metric. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):48-55.

Sloop, C.M., Pickens, C., and Gordon, S.P. 2011. Conservation genetics of Butte County meadowfoam (Limnanthes floccosa ssp. californica Arroyo), an endangered vernal pool endemic. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):311-323.

Snäll, T., Kindvall, O., Nilsson, J., and Pärt, T. 2011. Evaluating citizen-based presence data for bird monitoring. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):804-810.

Sopsop, L.B., and Buot, I.E. 2011. Human-forest interaction in Aborlan Guba System, Palawan Island, Philippines: implications for conservation and management. Asia Life Sci. 20(1):155-173.

Soulé, P.T. 2011. Changing climate, atmospheric composition, and radial tree growth in a spruce-fir ecosystem on Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):65-74.

Spencer, W., Rustigian-Romsos, H., Strittholt, J., Scheller, R., Zielinski, W., and Truex, R. 2011. Using occupancy and population models to assess habitat conservation opportunities for an isolated carnivore population. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):788-803.

Spivak, M., Mader, E., Vaughan, M., and Euliss, N.H. 2011. The plight of the bees. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(1):34-38.

St Clair, J.J.H., Poncet, S., Sheehan, D.K., Székely, T., and Hilton, G.M. 2011. Responses of an island endemic invertebrate to rodent invasion and eradication. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):66-73.

Starr, C., Nekaris, K.A.I., Streicher, U., and Leung, L.K.P. 2011. Field surveys of the Vulnerable pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus using local knowledge in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Oryx 45(1):135-142.

Stefani, F., Zaccara, S., Delmastro, G.B., and Buscarino, M. 2011. The endangered white-clawed crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes (Decapoda, Astacidae) east and west of the Maritime Alps: a result of human translocation? Conserv. Genet. 12(1):51-60.

Sterrett, S.C., Smith, L.L., Golladay, S.W., Schweitzer, S.H., and Maerz, J.C. 2011. The conservation implications of riparian land use on river turtles. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):38-46.

Stralberg, D., Cameron, D.R., Reynolds, M.D., Hickey, C.M., Klausmeyer, K., Busby, S.M., Stenzel, L.E., Shuford, W.D., and Page, G.W. 2011. Identifying habitat conservation priorities and gaps for migratory shorebirds and waterfowl in California. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):19-40.

Sundblad, G., Bergström, U., and Sandström, A. 2011. Ecological coherence of marine protected area networks: a spatial assessment using species distribution models. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(1):112-120.

Sutherland, W.J., Bardsley, S., Bennun, L., Clout, M., Côté, I.M., Depledge, M.H., Dicks, L.V., Dobson, A.P., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Impey, A.J., Lawton, J.H., Lickorish, F., Lindenmayer, D.B., Lovejoy, T.E., Mac Nally, R., Madgwick, J., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Prior, S.V., Redford, K.H., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M., and Watkinson, A.R. 2011. Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26(1):10-16.

Sutherland, W.J., and Peel, M.J.S. 2011. Benchmarking as a means to improve conservation practice. Oryx 45(1):56-59.

Theilade, I., Schmidt, L., Chhang, P., and McDonald, J.A. 2011. Evergreen swamp forest in Cambodia: floristic composition, ecological characteristics, and conservation status. Nord. J. Bot. 29(1):71-80.

Thompson, B.A. 2011. Planning for implementation: landscape-level restoration planning in an agricultural setting. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):5-13.

Tognelli, M.F., Abba, A.M., Bender, J.B., and Seitz, V.P. 2011. Assessing conservation priorities of xenarthrans in Argentina. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):141-151.

Tompkins, D.M., and Jakob-Hoff, R. 2011. Native bird declines: don't ignore disease. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):668-669.

Tondoh, J.E., Guéi, A.M., Csuzdi, C., and Okoth, P. 2011. Effect of land-use on the earthworm assemblages in semi-deciduous forests of Central-West Ivory Coast. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(1):169-184.

Trimble, M.J., and van Aarde, R.J. 2011. Decline of birds in a human modified coastal dune forest landscape in South Africa. PLoS ONE 6(1):e16176.

Valeix, M., Fritz, H., Sabatier, R., Murindagomo, F., Cumming, D., and Duncan, P. 2011. Elephant-induced structural changes in the vegetation and habitat selection by large herbivores in an African savanna. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):902-912.

Valencia, J.H., Vaca-Guerrero, G., and Garzon, K. 2011. Natural history, potential distribution and conservation status of the Manabi Hognose Pitviper Porthidium arcosae (Schätti & Kramer, 1993), in Ecuador (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Herpetozoa 23(3-4):31-43.

van den Wollenberg, L.J.W. 2011. The future prospects of electronic seed lists. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):277-286.

Vilar, C.C., Spach, H.L., and Santos, L.D.O. 2011. Fish fauna of Baía da Babitonga (southern Brazil), with remarks on species abundance, ontogenic stage and conservation status. Zootaxa 2734:40-52.

Villamarín, F., Marioni, B., Thorbjarnarson, J.B., Nelson, B.W., Botero-Arias, R., and Magnusson, W.E. 2011. Conservation and management implications of nest-site selection of the sympatric crocodilians Melanosuchus niger and Caiman crocodilus in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):913-919.

Virani, M.Z., Kendall, C., Njoroge, P., and Thomsett, S. 2011. Major declines in the abundance of vultures and other scavenging raptors in and around the Masai Mara ecosystem, Kenya. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):746-752.

von Cräutlein, M., Korpelainen, H., Pietiläinen, M., and Rikkinen, J. 2011. DNA barcoding: a tool for improved taxon identification and detection of species diversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(2):373-389.

Vos, S.M., and Ribic, C.A. 2011. Grassland bird use of oak barrens and dry prairies in Wisconsin. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):26-33.

Vynne, C., Skalski, J.R., Machado, R.B., Groom, M.J., Jácomo, A.T.A., Marinho, J., Neto, M.B.R., Pomilla, C., Silveira, L., Smith, H., and Wasser, S.K. 2011. Effectiveness of scat-detection dogs in determining species presence in a tropical savanna landscape. Conserv. Biol. 25(1):154-162.

Wallace, B.P., Hutchinson, B.J., Mast, R.B., and Pilcher, N.J. 2011. Putting conservation priority-setting for marine turtles in context. Anim. Conserv. 14(1):14-15.

Watson, D.M. 2011. A productivity-based explanation for woodland bird declines: poorer soils yield less food. Emu 111(1):10-18.

Weaving, M.J., White, J.G., Isaac, B., and Cooke, R. 2011. The distribution of three nocturnal bird species across a suburban-forest gradient. Emu 111(1):52-58.

Wernsdörfer, H., Caron, H., Gerber, S., Cornu, G., Rossi, V., Mortier, F., and Gourlet-Fleury, S. 2011. Relationships between demography and gene flow and their importance for the conservation of tree populations in tropical forests under selective felling regimes. Conserv. Genet. 12(1):15-29.

Wetterer, J.K. 2011. Worldwide spread of the membraniferous dacetine ant, Strumigenys membranifera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. News 14:129-135.

Wetterer, J.K. 2011. Worldwide spread of the tropical fire ant, Solenopsis geminata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. News 14:21-35.

Wetterer, J.K., and Radchenko, A.G. 2011. Worldwide spread of the ruby ant, Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. News 14:87-96.

White, J.M., and Stromberg, J.C. 2011. Resilience, restoration, and riparian ecosystems: case study of a dry land, urban river. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):101-111.

Wilson, C.D., Roberts, D., and Reid, N. 2011. Applying species distribution modelling to identify areas of high conservation value for endangered species: a case study using Margaritifera margaritifera (L.). Biol. Conserv. 144(2):821-829.

Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., and James, J.B. 2011. Invasive fish species in the largest lakes of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and England: the collective UK experience. Hydrobiologia 660(1):93-103.

Womack, B., and Carter, R. 2011. Landscape scale forest community classification in the Horseblock Mountain region of the Talladega National Forest, Alabama. Nat. Areas J. 31(1):51-64.

Yong, D.L., Qie, L., Sodhi, N.S., Koh, L.P., Peh, K.S.H., Lee, T.M., Lim, H.C., and Lim, S.L.H. 2011. Do insectivorous bird communities decline on land-bridge forest islands in Peninsular Malaysia? J. Trop. Ecol. 27:1-14.

York, R.A., Battles, J.J., Eschtruth, A.K., and Schurr, F.G. 2011. Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) regeneration in experimental canopy gaps. Restor. Ecol. 19(1):14-23.

Young, K.D., and Van Aarde, R.J. 2011. Science and elephant management decisions in South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):876-885.

Zeller, K.A., Nijhawan, S., Salom-Pérez, R., Potosme, S.H., and Hines, J.E. 2011. Integrating occupancy modeling and interview data for corridor identification: a case study for jaguars in Nicaragua. Biol. Conserv. 144(2):892-901.

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