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Department ofBotany

No. 319
July 2011

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In This Issue

Reef Fishes Tussling with Human Overpopulation

In an unprecedented collaborative analysis published in the journal PlosBiology, scientists from 49 nations, including Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute marine biologist Héctor Guzmán, document that the functioning of reef fish systems, or their capability to produce biomass and deliver goods and services, is being hampered by mounting pressures from growing human populations. Counterintuitively, the most diverse reef fish systems suffer the greatest impairments from stressors triggered by human populations.

The team also shows that the extent of such distress is widespread and likely to worsen as some 75 percent of the world's coral reefs are near human settlements and because most coastal countries are expected to double their populations within the next 50 to 100 years.

"The complex nature and large-scale distribution of coral reefs is challenging scientists to understand if this natural ecosystem will continue working to deliver goods and services given the ongoing loss of biodiversity in coral reefs," says lead author of the article Camilo Mora, Dalhousie University researcher.

The scientists believe that their results call for both further investigation of the impact of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning and strategies to manage and prevent the increasing intensity and expansion of anthropogenic stressors in coastal areas.

Current Literature

Acevedo, P., and Real, R. 2011. Biogeographical differences between the two Capra pyrenaica subspecies, C. p. victoriae and C. p. hispanica, inhabiting the Iberian Peninsula: implications for conservation. Ecol. Model. 222(3):814-823.

Ahrends, A., Burgess, N.D., Gereau, R.E., Marchant, R., Bulling, M.T., Lovett, J.C., Platts, P.J., Kindemba, V.W., Owen, N., Fanning, E., and Rahbek, C. 2011. Funding begets biodiversity. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):191-200.

Anthelme, F., Lincango, J., Gully, C., Duarte, N., and Montúfar, R. 2011. How anthropogenic disturbances affect the resilience of a keystone palm tree in the threatened Andean cloud forest? Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1059-1067.

Barnosky, A.D., Matzke, N., Tomiya, S., Wogan, G.O.U., Swartz, B., Quental, T.B., Marshall, C., McGuire, J.L., Lindsey, E.L., Maguire, K.C., Mersey, B., and Ferrer, E.A. 2011. Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived? Nature 471(7336):51-57.

Bässler, C., Stadler, J., Müller, J., Förster, B., Göttlein, A., and Brandl, R. 2011. LiDAR as a rapid tool to predict forest habitat types in Natura 2000 networks. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):465-481.

Beaumont, L.J., Pitman, A., Perkins, S., Zimmermann, N.E., Yoccoz, N.G., and Thuiller, W. 2011. Impacts of climate change on the world's most exceptional ecoregions. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(6):2306-2311.

Beck, M.W., Brumbaugh, R.D., Airoldi, L., Carranza, A., Coen, L.D., Crawford, C., Defeo, O., Edgar, G.J., Hancock, B., Kay, M.C., Lenihan, H.S., Luckenbach, M.W., Toropova, C.L., Zhang, G.F., and Guo, X.M. 2011. Oyster reefs at risk and recommendations for conservation, restoration, and management. BioScience 61(2):107-116.

Beltman, B., Omtzigt, N.Q.A., and Vermaat, J.E. 2011. Turbary restoration meets variable success: does landscape structure force colonization success of wetland plants? Restor. Ecol. 19:185-193.

Billionnet, A. 2011. Solving the probabilistic reserve selection problem. Ecol. Model. 222(3):546-554.

Bird, W. 2011. Lost causes get new hope. Science 331(6023):1385.

Bock, D.G., Zhan, A., Lejeusne, C., MacIsaac, H.J., and Cristescu, M.E. 2011. Looking at both sides of the invasion: patterns of colonization in the violet tunicate Botrylloides violaceus. Mol. Ecol. 20(3):503-516.

Bodey, T.W., Bearhop, S., and McDonald, R.A. 2011. The diet of an invasive nonnative predator, the feral ferret Mustela furo, and implications for the conservation of ground-nesting birds. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 57(1):107-117.

Bonnaud, E., Medina, F.M., Vidal, E., Nogales, M., Tershy, B., Zavaleta, E., Donlan, C.J., Keitt, B., Le Corre, M., and Horwath, S.V. 2011. The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more studies. Biol. Invasions 13(3):581-603.

Boulord, A., Wang, T.H., Wang, X.M., and Song, G.X. 2011. Impact of reed harvesting and smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora invasion on nesting Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):25-35.

Bout, N. 2011. Recent direct observations of the savannah felid Serval Leptailurus serval in a degraded rainforest-savannah mosaic of south-east of Gabon. Afr. J. Ecol. 49(1):127-129.

Brambilla, M., Gustin, M., and Celada, C. 2011. Defining favourable reference values for bird populations in Italy: setting long-term conservation targets for priority species. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):107-118.

Brewer, J.S. 2011. Per capita community-level effects of an invasive grass, Microstegium vimineum, on vegetation in mesic forests in northern Mississippi (USA). Biol. Invasions 13(3):701-715.

Brinkmann, K., Patzelt, A., Schlecht, E., and Buerkert, A. 2011. Use of environmental predictors for vegetation mapping in semi-arid mountain rangelands and the determination of conservation hotspots. Appl. Veg. Sci. 14(1):17-30.

Brito, J.C., Martínez-Freiría, F., Sierra, P., Sillero, N., and Tarroso, P. 2011. Crocodiles in the Sahara Desert: an update of distribution, habitats and population status for conservation planning in Mauritania. PLoS ONE 6(2):e14734.

Bujoczek, M., Ciach, M., and Yosef, R. 2011. Road-kills affect avian population quality. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1036-1039.

Calmon, M., Brancalion, P.H.S., Paese, A., Aronson, J., Castro, P., da Silva, S.C., and Rodrigues, R.R. 2011. Emerging threats and opportunities for large-scale ecological restoration in the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):154-158.

Campbell-Smith, G., Campbell-Smith, M., Singleton, I., and Linkie, M. 2011. Apes in space: saving an imperilled orangutan population in Sumatra. PLoS ONE 6(2):e17210.

Carmona-Catot, G., Benito, J., and García-Berthou, E. 2011. Comparing latitudinal and upstream-downstream gradients: life history traits of invasive mosquitofish. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):214-224.

Caro, J., Ontiveros, D., Pizarro, M., and Pleguezuelos, J.M. 2011. Habitat features of settlement areas used by floaters of Bonelli's and Golden Eagles. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):59-71.

Carvalheiro, L.G., Veldtman, R., Shenkute, A.G., Tesfay, G.B., Pirk, C.W.W., Donaldson, J.S., and Nicolson, S.W. 2011. Natural and within-farmland biodiversity enhances crop productivity. Ecol. Lett. 14(3):251-259.

Cassini, M.H. 2011. Consequences of local Allee effects in spatially structured populations. Oecologia 165(3):547-552.

Catry, I., Franco, A.M.A., and Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Adapting conservation efforts to face climate change: modifying nest-site provisioning for lesser kestrels. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1111-1119.

Cook, K.L., Wallender, W.W., Bledsoe, C.S., Pasternack, G., and Upadhyaya, S.K. 2011. Effects of native plant species, mycorrhizal inoculum, and mulch on restoration of reservoir sediment following dam removal, Elwha River, Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):251-260.

Cormont, A., Malinowska, A.H., Kostenko, O., Radchuk, V., Hemerik, L., WallisDeVries, M.F., and Verboom, J. 2011. Effect of local weather on butterfly flight behaviour, movement, and colonization: significance for dispersal under climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):483-503.

Costello, C.T., and Kenworthy, W.J. 2011. Twelve-year mapping and change analysis of eelgrass (Zostera marina) areal abundance in Massachusetts (USA) identifies statewide declines. Estuaries Coasts 34(2):232-242.

Crain, B.J., and White, J.W. 2011. Categorizing locally rare plant taxa for conservation status. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):451-463.

Crowe, K.A., and Parker, W.H. 2011. Conserving the diversity of Ontario tree species under multiple uncertain climatic futures. Can. J. Forest Res. 41(3):533-542.

Crushell, P.H., Smolders, A.J.P., Schouten, M.G.C., Robroek, B.J.M., van Wirdum, G., and Roelofs, J.G.M. 2011. Restoration of a terrestrialized soak lake of an Irish raised bog: results of field experiments. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):261-272.

Culley, T.M., Hardiman, N.A., and Hawks, J. 2011. The role of horticulture in plant invasions: how grafting in cultivars of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) can facilitate spread into natural areas. Biol. Invasions 13(3):739-746.

Cushman, J.H., Lortie, C.J., and Christian, C.E. 2011. Native herbivores and plant facilitation mediate the performance and distribution of an invasive exotic grass. J. Ecology 99(2):524-531.

D'Amen, M., Bombi, P., Pearman, P.B., Schmatz, D.R., Zimmermann, N.E., and Bologna, M.A. 2011. Will climate change reduce the efficacy of protected areas for amphibian conservation in Italy? Biol. Conserv. 144(3):989-997.

Da Silva, E.M., and Sargent, R.D. 2011. The effect of invasive Lythrum salicaria pollen deposition on seed set in the native species Decodon verticillatus. Botany 89(2):141-146.

Das, D., Cuthbert, R.J., Jakati, R.D., and Prakash, V. 2011. Diclofenac is toxic to the Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):72-75.

Davies, K.W., and Sheley, R.L. 2011. Promoting native vegetation and diversity in exotic annual grass infestations. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):159-165.

Di Minin, E., and Griffiths, R.A. 2011. Viability analysis of a threatened amphibian population: modelling the past, present and future. Ecography 34(1):162-169.

Doko, T., Fukui, H., Kooiman, A., Toxopeus, A.G., Ichinose, T., Chen, W.B., and Skidmore, A.K. 2011. Identifying habitat patches and potential ecological corridors for remnant Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus japonicus) populations in Japan. Ecol. Model. 222(3):748-761.

Dominguez-Haydar, Y., and Armbrecht, I. 2011. Response of ants and their seed removal in rehabilitation areas and forests at El Cerrejón Coal Mine in Colombia. Restor. Ecol. 19:178-184.

Dube, C., Pellerin, S., and Poulin, M. 2011. Do power line rights-of-way facilitate the spread of non-peatland and invasive plants in bogs and fens? Botany 89(2):91-103.

Eggers, S., Unell, M., and Pärt, T. 2011. Autumn-sowing of cereals reduces breeding bird numbers in a heterogeneous agricultural landscape. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1137-1144.

Elgersma, K.J., and Ehrenfeld, J.G. 2011. Linear and non-linear impacts of a non-native plant invasion on soil microbial community structure and function. Biol. Invasions 13(3):757-768.

Eppinga, M.B., Kaproth, M.A., Collins, A.R., and Molofsky, J. 2011. Litter feedbacks, evolutionary change and exotic plant invasion. J. Ecology 99(2):503-514.

Espinosa, F., Nakano, T., Guerra-García, J.M., and García-Gómez, J.C. 2011. Population genetic structure of the endangered limpet Cymbula nigra in a temperate Northern hemisphere region: influence of palaeoclimatic events? Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 32(1):1-5.

Estrada, A., Real, R., and Vargas, J.M. 2011. Assessing coincidence between priority conservation areas for vertebrate groups in a Mediterranean hotspot. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1120-1129.

Fandohan, B., Assogbadjo, A.E., Kakaï, R.L.G., and Sinsin, B. 2011. Effectiveness of a protected areas network in the conservation of Tamarindus indica (Leguminosea-Caesalpinioideae) in Benin. Afr. J. Ecol. 49(1):40-50.

Faria, L.R.R., and Melo, G.A.R. 2011. A new species of Eufriesea Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossina) from northeastern Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):35-39.

Ferreira, R.C., Piredda, R., Bagnoli, F., Bellarosa, R., Attimonelli, M., Fineschi, S., Schirone, B., and Simeone, M.C. 2011. Phylogeography and conservation perspectives of an endangered macaronesian endemic: Picconia azorica (Tutin) Knobl. (Oleaceae). Eur. J. For. Res. 130(2):181-195.

Field, I.C., Meekan, M.G., Speed, C.W., White, W., and Bradshaw, C.J.A. 2011. Quantifying movement patterns for shark conservation at remote coral atolls in the Indian Ocean. Coral Reefs 30(1):61-71.

Firn, J., Moore, J.L., MacDougall, A.S., Borer, E.T., Seabloom, E.W., HilleRisLambers, J., Harpole, W.S., Cleland, E.E., Brown, C.S., Knops, J.M.H., Prober, S.M., Pyke, D.A., Farrell, K.A., Bakker, J.D., O'Halloran, L.R., Adler, P.B., Collins, S.L., D'Antonio, C.M., Crawley, M.J., Wolkovich, E.M., La Pierre, K.J., Melbourne, B.A., Hautier, Y., Morgan, J.W., Leakey, A.D.B., Kay, A., McCulley, R., Davies, K.F., Stevens, C.J., Chu, C.J., Holl, K.D., Klein, J.A., Fay, P.A., Hagenah, N., Kirkman, K.P., and Buckley, Y.M. 2011. Abundance of introduced species at home predicts abundance away in herbaceous communities. Ecol. Lett. 14(3):274-281.

Fischer, A., Bednar-Friedl, B., Langers, F., Dobrovodská, M., Geamana, N., Skogen, K., and Dumortier, M. 2011. Universal criteria for species conservation priorities? Findings from a survey of public views across Europe. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):998-1007.

Fischer, C., Thies, C., and Tscharntke, T. 2011. Small mammals in agricultural landscapes: opposing responses to farming practices and landscape complexity. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1130-1136.

Fisher, R., Radford, B.T., Knowlton, N., Brainard, R.E., Michaelis, F.B., and Caley, M.J. 2011. Global mismatch between research effort and conservation needs of tropical coral reefs. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):64-72.

Fleischer-Dogley, F., Kettle, C.J., Edwards, P.J., Ghazoul, J., Määttänen, K., and Kaiser-Bunbury, C.N. 2011. Morphological and genetic differentiation in populations of the dispersal-limited coco de mer (Lodoicea maldivica): implications for management and conservation. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):235-243.

Fogarty, S., Cote, J., and Sih, A. 2011. Social personality polymorphism and the spread of invasive species: a model. Am. Nat. 177(3):273-287.

Fowler, A.E., Gerner, N.V., and Sewell, M.A. 2011. Temperature and salinity tolerances of Stage 1 zoeae predict possible range expansion of an introduced portunid crab, Charybdis japonica, in New Zealand. Biol. Invasions 13(3):691-699.

Freedberg, S., Lee, C., and Pappas, M. 2011. Agricultural practices alter sex ratios in a reptile with environmental sex determination. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1159-1166.

Fruet, P.F., Secchi, E.R., Di Tullio, J.C., and Kinas, P.G. 2011. Abundance of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus (Cetacea: Delphinidae), inhabiting the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil: Implications for conservation. Zoologia 28(1):23-30.

Fuller, T.E., Pope, K.L., Ashton, D.T., and Welsh, H.H. 2011. Linking the distribution of an invasive amphibian (Rana catesbeiana) to habitat conditions in a managed river system in northern California. Restor. Ecol. 19:204-213.

Funk, W.C., Garcia, T.S., Cortina, G.A., and Hill, R.H. 2011. Population genetics of introduced bullfrogs, Rana (Lithobates) catesbeianus, in the Willamette Valley, Oregon, USA. Biol. Invasions 13(3):651-658.

Game, E.T., Lipsett-Moore, G., Hamilton, R., Peterson, N., Kereseka, J., Atu, W., Watts, M., and Possingham, H. 2011. Informed opportunism for conservation planning in the Solomon Islands. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):38-46.

García-Gómez, J.C., López-Fé, C.M., Espinosa, F., Guerra-García, J.M., and Rivera-Ingraham, G.A. 2011. Marine artificial micro-reserves: a possibility for the conservation of endangered species living on artificial substrata. Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 32(1):6-14.

Garnas, J.R., Ayres, M.P., Liebhold, A.M., and Evans, C. 2011. Subcontinental impacts of an invasive tree disease on forest structure and dynamics. J. Ecology 99(2):532-541.

Garnett, S.T., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2011. Conservation science must engender hope to succeed. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26(2):59-60.

Gastañaga, M., Macleod, R., Hennessey, B., Núñez, J.U., Puse, E., Arrascue, A., Hoyos, J., Chambi, W.M., Vasquez, J., and Engblom, G. 2011. A study of the parrot trade in Peru and the potential importance of internal trade for threatened species. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):76-85.

Gaudeul, M., Giraud, T., Kiss, L., and Shykoff, J.A. 2011. Nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites show multiple introductions in the worldwide invasion history of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17658.

Ghabooli, S., Shiganova, T.A., Zhan, A.B., Cristescu, M.E., Eghtesadi-Araghi, P., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2011. Multiple introductions and invasion pathways for the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in Eurasia. Biol. Invasions 13(3):679-690.

Gibson, L., and Sodhi, N.S. 2011. Habitats at risk: a step forward, a step back. Science 331(6021):1137.

Gleditsch, J.M., and Carlo, T.A. 2011. Fruit quantity of invasive shrubs predicts the abundance of common native avian frugivores in central Pennsylvania. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):244-253.

Gosper, C.R., Yates, C.J., Prober, S.M., and Williams, M.R. 2011. Fire does not facilitate invasion by alien annual grasses in an infertile Australian agricultural landscape. Biol. Invasions 13(3):533-544.

Goto, S., Iijima, H., Ogawa, H., and Ohya, K. 2011. Outbreeding depression caused by intraspecific hybridization between local and nonlocal genotypes in Abies sachalinensis. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):243-250.

Grant, A.S., Nelson, C.R., Switalski, T.A., and Rinehart, S.M. 2011. Restoration of native plant communities after road decommissioning in the Rocky Mountains: effect of seed-mix composition on vegetative establishment. Restor. Ecol. 19:160-169.

Grantham, H.S., Game, E.T., Lombard, A.T., Hobday, A.J., Richardson, A.J., Beckley, L.E., Pressey, R.L., Huggett, J.A., Coetzee, J.C., van der Lingen, C.D., Petersen, S.L., Merkle, D., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Accommodating dynamic oceanographic processes and pelagic biodiversity in marine conservation planning. PLoS ONE 6(2):e16552.

Greenlees, M.J., and Shine, R. 2011. Impacts of eggs and tadpoles of the invasive cane toad (Bufo marinus) on aquatic predators in tropical Australia. Austral Ecol. 36(1):53-58.

Guest, J.R., Dizon, R.M., Edwards, A.J., Franco, C., and Gomez, E.D. 2011. How quickly do fragments of coral "self-attach" after transplantation? Restor. Ecol. 19(2):234-242.

Haag, W.R., and Rypel, A.L. 2011. Growth and longevity in freshwater mussels: evolutionary and conservation implications. Biol. Rev. 86(1):225-247.

Haaland, C., Naisbit, R.E., and Bersier, L.F. 2011. Sown wildflower strips for insect conservation: a review. Insect Conserv. Divers. 4(1):60-80.

Habel, J.C., Finger, A., Schmitt, T., and Neve, G. 2011. Survival of the endangered butterfly Lycaena helle in a fragmented environment: genetic analyses over 15 years. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 49(1):25-31.

Halley, J.M., and Iwasa, Y. 2011. Neutral theory as a predictor of avifaunal extinctions after habitat loss. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(6):2316-2321.

Hao, J.H., Qiang, S., Chrobock, T., van Kleunen, M., and Liu, Q.Q. 2011. A test of baker's law: breeding systems of invasive species of Asteraceae in China. Biol. Invasions 13(3):571-580.

Harvey, D.J., and Gange, A.C. 2011. The stag beetle: a collaborative conservation study across Europe. Insect Conserv. Divers. 4(1):2-3.

Harvey, D.J., Gange, A.C., Hawes, C.J., and Rink, M. 2011. Bionomics and distribution of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (L.) across Europe. Insect Conserv. Divers. 4(1):23-38.

Hepcan, Ç.C., and Özkan, M.B. 2011. Establishing ecological networks for habitat conservation in the case of Çeşme-Urla Peninsula, Turkey. Environ. Monit. Assess. 174(1-4):157-170.

Hnia, C., and Mohamed, B. 2011. Genetic diversity of Lavandula multifida L. (Lamiaceae) in Tunisia: implication for conservation. Afr. J. Ecol. 49(1):10-20.

Janin, A., Léna, J.P., and Joly, P. 2011. Beyond occurrence: body condition and stress hormone as integrative indicators of habitat availability and fragmentation in the common toad. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1008-1016.

Jantke, K., Schleupner, C., and Schneider, U.A. 2011. Gap analysis of European wetland species: priority regions for expanding the Natura 2000 network. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):581-605.

Järemo, J., and Bengtsson, G. 2011. On the importance of life history and age structure in biological invasions. Ecol. Model. 222(3):485-492.

Jelinski, N.A., Kucharik, C.J., and Zedler, J.B. 2011. A test of diversity-productivity models in natural, degraded, and restored wet prairies. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):186-193.

Johnson, K.G., Brooks, S.J., Fenberg, P.B., Glover, A.G., James, K.E., Lister, A.M., Michel, E., Spencer, M., Todd, J.A., Valsami-Jones, E., Young, J.R., and Stewart, J.R. 2011. Climate change and biosphere response: unlocking the collections vault. BioScience 61(2):147-153.

Jones, T.G., Coops, N.C., and Sharma, T. 2011. Exploring the utility of hyperspectral imagery and LiDAR data for predicting Quercus garryana ecosystem distribution and aiding in habitat restoration. Restor. Ecol. 19:245-256.

Jongejans, E., Shea, K., Skarpaas, O., Kelly, D., and Ellner, S.P. 2011. Importance of individual and environmental variation for invasive species spread: a spatial integral projection model. Ecology 92(1):86-97.

Jung, K., and Kalko, E.K.V. 2011. Adaptability and vulnerability of high flying Neotropical aerial insectivorous bats to urbanization. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):262-274.

Karsai, I., and Kampis, G. 2011. Connected fragmented habitats facilitate stable coexistence dynamics. Ecol. Model. 222(3):447-455.

Keane, A., Ramarolahy, A.A., Jones, J.P.G., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2011. Evidence for the effects of environmental engagement and education on knowledge of wildlife laws in Madagascar. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):55-63.

Kestrup, Å.M., Dick, J.T.A., and Ricciardi, A. 2011. Interactions between invasive and native crustaceans: differential functional responses of intraguild predators towards juvenile hetero-specifics. Biol. Invasions 13(3):731-737.

Kestrup, Å.M., Thomas, S.H., van Rensburg, K., Ricciardi, A., and Duffy, M.A. 2011. Differential infection of exotic and native freshwater amphipods by a parasitic water mold in the St. Lawrence River. Biol. Invasions 13(3):769-779.

Kiparissis, S., Fakiris, E., Papatheodorou, G., Geraga, M., Kornaros, M., Kapareliotis, A., and Ferentinos, G. 2011. Illegal trawling and induced invasive algal spread as collaborative factors in a Posidonia oceanica meadow degradation. Biol. Invasions 13(3):669-678.

Klein, J.C., and Verlaque, M. 2011. Experimental removal of the invasive Caulerpa racemosa triggers partial assemblage recovery. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 91(1):117-125.

Knop, E., Herzog, F., and Schmid, B. 2011. Effect of connectivity between restoration meadows on invertebrates with contrasting dispersal abilities. Restor. Ecol. 19:151-159.

Ko, C.Y., Root, T.L., and Lee, P.F. 2011. Movement distances enhance validity of predictive models. Ecol. Model. 222(4):947-954.

Kragten, S., Tamis, W.L.M., Gertenaar, E., Ramiro, S.M.M., Van der Poll, R.J., Wang, J., and De Snoo, G.R. 2011. Abundance of invertebrate prey for birds on organic and conventional arable farms in the Netherlands. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):1-11.

Lam, V.Y.Y., and de Mitcheson, Y.S. 2011. The sharks of South East Asia - unknown, unmonitored and unmanaged. Fish Fish. 12(1):51-74.

Lambin, E.F., and Meyfroidt, P. 2011. Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(9):3465-3472.

Lankau, R.A. 2011. Intraspecific variation in allelochemistry determines an invasive species' impact on soil microbial communities. Oecologia 165(2):453-463.

Lawrence, B.A., and Kaye, T.N. 2011. Reintroduction of Castilleja levisecta: effects of ecological similarity, source population genetics, and habitat quality. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):166-176.

Lee, A.M., Sæther, B.E., and Engen, S. 2011. Demographic stochasticity, Allee effects, and extinction: the influence of mating system and sex ratio. Am. Nat. 177(3):301-313.

Lejeusne, C., Bock, D.G., Therriault, T.W., MacIsaac, H.J., and Cristescu, M.E. 2011. Comparative phylogeography of two colonial ascidians reveals contrasting invasion histories in North America. Biol. Invasions 13(3):635-650.

Lennox, M.S., Lewis, D.J., Jackson, R.D., Harper, J., Larson, S., and Tate, K.W. 2011. Development of vegetation and aquatic habitat in restored riparian sites of California's north coast rangelands. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):225-233.

Lesmerises, R., Ouellet, J.P., and St-Laurent, M.H. 2011. Assessing terrestrial lichen biomass using ecoforest maps: a suitable approach to plan conservation areas for forest-dwelling caribou. Can. J. Forest Res. 41(3):632-642.

Lieb, D.A., Bouchard, R.W., and Canine, R.F. 2011. Crayfish fauna of southeastern Pennsylvania: distributions, ecology, and changes over the last century. J. Crustacean Biol. 31(1):166-178.

Likens, G.E., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2011. A strategic plan for an Australian Long-Term Environmental Monitoring Network. Austral Ecol. 36(1):1-8.

Lindenmayer, D.B., and Likens, G.E. 2011. Direct measurement versus surrogate indicator species for evaluating environmental change and biodiversity loss. Ecosystems 14(1):47-59.

Lôbo, D., Leão, T., Melo, F.P.L., Santos, A.M.M., and Tabarelli, M. 2011. Forest fragmentation drives Atlantic forest of northeastern Brazil to biotic homogenization. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):287-296.

Lockwood, B.L., and Somero, G.N. 2011. Transcriptomic responses to salinity stress in invasive and native blue mussels (genus Mytilus). Mol. Ecol. 20(3):517-529.

López-Iborra, G.M., Limiñana, R., Pavón, D., and Martínez-Pérez, J.E. 2011. Modelling the distribution of short-toed eagle (Circaetus gallicus) in semi-arid Mediterranean landscapes: identifying important explanatory variables and their implications for its conservation. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 57(1):83-93.

López-López, P., Ferrer, M., Madero, A., Casado, E., and McGrady, M. 2011. Solving man-induced large-scale conservation problems: the Spanish imperial eagle and power lines. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17196.

López-Toledo, L., Gonzalez-Salazar, C., Burslem, D.F.R.P., and Martinez-Ramos, M. 2011. Conservation assessment of Guaiacum sanctum and Guaiacum coulteri: historic distribution and future trends in Mexico. Biotropica 43(2):246-255.

Lorenzo, P., Palomera-Pérez, A., Reigosa, M.J., and González, L. 2011. Allelopathic interference of invasive Acacia dealbata Link on the physiological parameters of native understory species. Plant Ecol. 212(3):403-412.

Lourival, R., Drechsler, M., Watts, M.E., Game, E.T., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Planning for reserve adequacy in dynamic landscapes; maximizing future representation of vegetation communities under flood disturbance in the Pantanal wetland. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):297-310.

Lu, N., and Sun, Y.H. 2011. Population viability analysis and conservation of Chinese Grouse Bonasa sewerzowi in Lianhuashan Nature Reserve, north-west China. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):49-58.

MacNeil, C., Dick, J.T.A., Platvoet, D., and Briffa, M. 2011. Direct and indirect effects of species displacements: an invading freshwater amphipod can disrupt leaf-litter processing and shredder efficiency. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 30(1):38-48.

Magrini, M.J., Freitas, A.V.L., and Uehara-Prado, M. 2011. The effects of four types of anthropogenic disturbances on composition and abundance of terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea). Zoologia 28(1):63-71.

Mahon, A.R., Barnes, M.A., Senapati, S., Feder, J.L., Darling, J.A., Chang, H.C., and Lodge, D.M. 2011. Molecular detection of invasive species in heterogeneous mixtures using a microfluidic carbon nanotube platform. PLoS ONE 6(2):e17280.

Maloney, K., Munguia, P., and Mitchell, R.M. 2011. Anthropogenic disturbance and landscape patterns affect diversity patterns of aquatic benthic macroinvertebrates. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 30(1):284-295.

Maloney, K.O., and Weller, D.E. 2011. Anthropogenic disturbance and streams: land use and land-use change affect stream ecosystems via multiple pathways. Freshwater Biol. 56(3):611-626.

Manea, A., and Leishman, M.R. 2011. Competitive interactions between native and invasive exotic plant species are altered under elevated carbon dioxide. Oecologia 165(3):735-744.

Marchante, H., Freitas, H., and Hoffmann, J.H. 2011. The potential role of seed banks in the recovery of dune ecosystems after removal of invasive plant species. Appl. Veg. Sci. 14(1):107-119.

Marino, J., Bennett, M., Cossios, D., Iriarte, A., Lucherini, M., Pliscoff, P., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Villalba, L., and Walker, S. 2011. Bioclimatic constraints to Andean cat distribution: a modelling application for rare species. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):311-322.

Martín-López, B., González, J.A., and Montes, C. 2011. The pitfall-trap of species conservation priority setting. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):663-682.

Mascia, M.B., and Pailler, S. 2011. Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):9-20.

Masero, J.A., Santiago-Quesada, F., Sánchez-Guzmán, J.M., Villegas, A., Abad-Gómez, J.M., Lopes, R.J., Encarnaçao, V., Corbacho, C., and Moran, R. 2011. Long lengths of stay, large numbers, and trends of the Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa in rice fields during spring migration. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):12-24.

Maslo, B., Handel, S.N., and Pover, T. 2011. Restoring beaches for Atlantic coast piping plovers (Charadrius melodus): a classification and regression tree analysis of nest-site selection. Restor. Ecol. 19:194-203.

Massad, T.J., Chambers, J.Q., Rolim, S.G., Jesus, R.M., and Dyer, L.A. 2011. Restoration of pasture to forest in Brazil's Mata Atlantica: the roles of herbivory, seedling defenses, and plot design in reforestation. Restor. Ecol. 19:257-267.

Mayence, C.E., and Hester, M.W. 2011. Assessment of a multi-species planting approach for restoring thick-mat floating marsh, Louisiana, USA. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):216-224.

McClain, C.D., Holl, K.D., and Wood, D.M. 2011. Successional models as guides for restoration of riparian forest understory. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):280-289.

McNichols, K.A., Mackie, G.L., and Ackerman, J.D. 2011. Host fish quality may explain the status of endangered Epioblasma torulosa rangiana and Lampsilis fasciola (Bivalvia:Unionidae) in Canada. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 30(1):60-70.

McShane, T.O., Hirsch, P.D., Trung, T.C., Songorwa, A.N., Kinzig, A., Monteferri, B., Mutekanga, D., Thang, H.V., Dammert, J.L., Pulgar-Vidal, M., Welch-Devine, M., Brosius, J.P., Coppolillo, P., and O'Connor, S. 2011. Hard choices: making trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and human well-being. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):966-972.

Merckx, B., Steyaert, M., Vanreusel, A., Vincx, M., and Vanaverbeke, J. 2011. Null models reveal preferential sampling, spatial autocorrelation and overfitting in habitat suitability modelling. Ecol. Model. 222(3):588-597.

Merrifield, M.S., Hines, E., Liu, X.H., and Beck, M.W. 2011. Building regional threat-based networks for estuaries in the western United States. PLoS ONE 6(2):e17407.

Miller, S.A., Bartow, A., Gisler, M., Ward, K., Young, A.S., and Kaye, T.N. 2011. Can an ecoregion serve as a seed transfer zone? Evidence from a common garden study with five native species. Restor. Ecol. 19:268-276.

Miller, T.R., Minteer, B., and Malan, L.C. 2011. The new conservation debate: the view from practical ethics. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):948-957.

Minteer, B., and Miller, T.R. 2011. The New Conservation Debate: ethical foundations, strategic trade-offs, and policy opportunities. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):945-947.

Mokany, K., and Ferrier, S. 2011. Predicting impacts of climate change on biodiversity: a role for semi-mechanistic community-level modelling. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):374-380.

Mora, C., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Ayala Bocos, A., Ayotte, P.M., Banks, S., Bauman, A.G., Beger, M., Bessudo, S., Booth, D.J., Brokovich, E., Brooks, A., Chabanet, P., Cinner, J.E., Cortés, J., Cruz-Motta, J.J., Cupul Magaña, A., DeMartini, E.E., Edgar, G.J., Feary, D.A., Ferse, S.C.A., Friedlander, A.M., Gaston, K.J., Gough, C., Graham, N.A.J., Green, A., Guzman, H., Hardt, M., Kulbicki, M., Letourneur, Y., López Pérez, A., Loreau, M., Loya, Y., Martinez, C., Mascareñas-Osorio, I., Morove, T., Nadon, M.-O., Nakamura, Y., Paredes, G., Polunin, N.V.C., Pratchett, M.S., Reyes Bonilla, H., Rivera, F., Sala, E., Sandin, S.A., Soler, G., Stuart-Smith, R., Tessier, E., Tittensor, D.P., Tupper, M., Usseglio, P., Vigliola, L., Wantiez, L., Williams, I., Wilson, S.K., and Zapata, F.A. 2011. Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes. PLoS Biol. 9(4):e1000606.

Morlon, H., Schwilk, D.W., Bryant, J.A., Marquet, P.A., Rebelo, A.G., Tauss, C., Bohannan, B.J.M., and Green, J.L. 2011. Spatial patterns of phylogenetic diversity. Ecol. Lett. 14(2):141-149.

Morrison, E.B., and Lindell, C.A. 2011. Active or passive forest restoration? Assessing restoration alternatives with avian foraging behavior. Restor. Ecol. 19:170-177.

Morrison, M.L., Young, R.J., Romsos, J.S., and Golightly, R. 2011. Restoring forest raptors: influence of human disturbance and forest condition on northern goshawks. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):273-279.

Morrison, W.E., and Hay, M.E. 2011. Herbivore preference for native vs. exotic plants: generalist herbivores from multiple continents prefer exotic plants that are evolutionarily naive. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17227.

Moulton, M.P., Cropper, W.P., and Avery, M.L. 2011. A reassessment of the role of propagule pressure in influencing fates of passerine introductions to New Zealand. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):607-623.

Mouquet, N., Matthiessen, B., Miller, T., and Gonzalez, A. 2011. Extinction debt in source-sink metacommunities. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17567.

Mumby, P.J., Elliott, I.A., Eakin, C.M., Skirving, W., Paris, C.B., Edwards, H.J., Enríquez, S., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Cherubin, L.M., and Stevens, J.R. 2011. Reserve design for uncertain responses of coral reefs to climate change. Ecol. Lett. 14(2):132-140.

Munro, N.T., Fischer, J., Barrett, G., Wood, J., Leavesley, A., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2011. Bird's response to revegetation of different structure and floristics - are "restoration plantings" restoring bird communities? Restor. Ecol. 19:223-235.

Murray, J.V., Choy, S.L., McAlpine, C.A., Possingham, H.P., and Goldizen, A.W. 2011. Evaluating model transferability for a threatened species to adjacent areas: implications for rock-wallaby conservation. Austral Ecol. 36(1):76-89.

Negi, V.S., Maikhuri, R.K., and Rawat, L.S. 2011. Non-timber forest products (NTFPs): a viable option for biodiversity conservation and livelihood enhancement in central Himalaya. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):545-559.

Negrões, N., Revilla, E., Fonseca, C., Soares, A.M.V.M., Jácomo, A.T.A., and Silveira, L. 2011. Private forest reserves can aid in preserving the community of medium and large-sized vertebrates in the Amazon arc of deforestation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):505-518.

Nowak, K., and Lee, P.C. 2011. Demographic structure of Zanzibar red colobus populations in unprotected coral rag and mangrove forests. Int. J. Primatol. 32(1):24-45.

O'Donnell, C.F.J., and Hoare, J.M. 2011. Meta-analysis of status and trends in breeding populations of black-fronted terns (Chlidonias albostriatus) 1962-2008. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 35(1):30-43.

Oliveira, M.D., Calheiros, D.F., Jacobi, C.M., and Hamilton, S.K. 2011. Abiotic factors controlling the establishment and abundance of the invasive golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei. Biol. Invasions 13(3):717-729.

Olsson, J., Jonsson, B.G., Hjältén, J., and Ericson, L. 2011. Addition of coarse woody debris - the early fungal succession on Picea abies logs in managed forests and reserves. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1100-1110.

Pauw, A., and Hawkins, J.A. 2011. Reconstruction of historical pollination rates reveals linked declines of pollinators and plants. Oikos 120(3):344-349.

Peck, M., Thorn, J., Mariscal, A., Baird, A., Tirira, D., and Kniveton, D. 2011. Focusing conservation efforts for the critically endangered brown-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps) using remote sensing, modeling, and playback survey methods. Int. J. Primatol. 32(1):134-148.

Peng, R.H., Fang, C.M., Li, B., and Chen, J.K. 2011. Spartina alterniflora invasion increases soil inorganic nitrogen pools through interactions with tidal subsidies in the Yangtze Estuary, China. Oecologia 165(3):797-807.

Perry, R.W., Wigley, T.B., Melchiors, M.A., Thill, R.E., Tappe, P.A., and Miller, D.A. 2011. Width of riparian buffer and structure of adjacent plantations influence occupancy of conservation priority birds. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):625-642.

Pietrek, A.G., and Branch, L.C. 2011. Native plantations as an important element for biodiversity in vanishing forested landscapes: a study of the near threatened araucaria tit spinetail (Leptasthenura setaria, Furnariidae). Austral Ecol. 36(1):109-116.

Piscart, C., Roussel, J.M., Dick, J.T.A., Grosbois, G., and Marmonier, P. 2011. Effects of coexistence on habitat use and trophic ecology of interacting native and invasive amphipods. Freshwater Biol. 56(2):325-334.

Plentovich, S., Eijzenga, J., Eijzenga, H., and Smith, D. 2011. Indirect effects of ant eradication efforts on offshore islets in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Biol. Invasions 13(3):545-557.

Potapov, A., Muirhead, J.R., Lelea, S.R., and Lewis, M.A. 2011. Stochastic gravity models for modeling lake invasions. Ecol. Model. 222(4):964-972.

Potts, K.B. 2011. The long-term impact of timber harvesting on the resource base of chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Biotropica 43(2):256-264.

Questad, E.J., Foster, B.L., Jog, S., Kindscher, K., and Loring, H. 2011. Evaluating patterns of biodiversity in managed grasslands using spatial turnover metrics. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1050-1058.

Ramos, R., Ramírez, F., Carrasco, J.L., and Jover, L. 2011. Insights into the spatiotemporal component of feeding ecology: an isotopic approach for conservation management sciences. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):338-349.

Reid, N. 2011. European hare (Lepus europaeus) invasion ecology: implication for the conservation of the endemic Irish hare (Lepus timidus hibernicus). Biol. Invasions 13(3):559-569.

Rhodes, J.R., Ng, C.F., de Villiers, D.L., Preece, H.J., McAlpine, C.A., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Using integrated population modelling to quantify the implications of multiple threatening processes for a rapidly declining population. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1081-1088.

Rissman, A.R., and Butsic, V. 2011. Land trust defense and enforcement of conserved areas. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):31-37.

Rivera, J.H.V., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Sarkar, S., and Rappole, J.H. 2011. Modelling the potential winter distribution of the endangered Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla). Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):92-106.

Robinson, J.G. 2011. Ethical pluralism, pragmatism, and sustainability in conservation practice. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):958-965.

Rodríguez-Soto, C., Monroy-Vilchis, O., Maiorano, L., Boitani, L., Faller, J.C., Briones, M.Á., Núñez, R., Rosas-Rosas, O., Ceballos, G., and Falcucci, A. 2011. Predicting potential distribution of the jaguar (Panthera onca) in Mexico: identification of priority areas for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 17(2):350-361.

Rozylowicz, L., Popescu, V.D., Pătroescu, M., and Chişamera, G. 2011. The potential of large carnivores as conservation surrogates in the Romanian Carpathians. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):561-579.

Salafsky, N. 2011. Integrating development with conservation: a means to a conservation end, or a mean end to conservation? Biol. Conserv. 144(3):973-978.

Samways, M.J., Pryke, J.S., and Simaika, J.P. 2011. Threats to dragonflies on land islands can be as great as those on oceanic islands. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1145-1151.

Santelices, R., Navarro-Cerrillo, R.M., and Drake, F. 2011. Propagation and seedling cultivation of the endemic species Nothofagus alessandrii Espinosa in central Chile. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):177-185.

Sanz-Aguilar, A., Anadón, J.D., Giménez, A., Ballestar, R., Graciá, E., and Oro, D. 2011. Coexisting with fire: the case of the terrestrial tortoise Testudo graeca in mediterranean shrublands. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1040-1049.

Sarkar, S., and Montoya, M. 2011. Beyond parks and reserves: the ethics and politics of conservation with a case study from Peru. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):979-988.

Schirmel, J., Timler, L., and Buchholz, S. 2011. Impact of the invasive moss Campylopus introflexus on carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) in acidic coastal dunes at the southern Baltic Sea. Biol. Invasions 13(3):605-620.

Schmidt, J.P., and Drake, J.M. 2011. Time since introduction, seed mass, and genome size predict successful invaders among the cultivated vascular plants of Hawaii. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17391.

Severns, P.M., and Wilson, M.V. 2011. Resolving conflicts between butterfly host resource abundance and genet population size estimates for a vegetatively spreading, threatened grassland legume. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1152-1158.

Shearman, P., and Bryan, J. 2011. A bioregional analysis of the distribution of rainforest cover, deforestation and degradation in Papua New Guinea. Austral Ecol. 36(1):9-24.

Shepherd, C.R. 2011. Observations on trade in laughingthrushes (Garrulax spp.) in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):86-91.

Shiels, A.B. 2011. Frugivory by introduced black rats (Rattus rattus) promotes dispersal of invasive plant seeds. Biol. Invasions 13(3):781-792.

Skarpaas, O., Diserud, O.H., Sverdrup-Thygeson, A., and Ødegaard, F. 2011. Predicting hotspots for red-listed species: multivariate regression models for oak-associated beetles. Insect Conserv. Divers. 4(1):53-59.

Smith, A.C., Fahrig, L., and Francis, C.M. 2011. Landscape size affects the relative importance of habitat amount, habitat fragmentation, and matrix quality on forest birds. Ecography 34(1):103-113.

Smucker, N.J., and Vis, M.L. 2011. Contributions of habitat sampling and alkalinity to diatom diversity and distributional patterns in streams: implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):643-661.

Sollmann, R., Furtado, M.M., Gardner, B., Hofer, H., Jácomo, A.T.A., Tôrres, N.M., and Silveira, L. 2011. Improving density estimates for elusive carnivores: accounting for sex-specific detection and movements using spatial capture-recapture models for jaguars in central Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1017-1024.

Stewart, T.J., and Sprules, W.G. 2011. Carbon-based balanced trophic structure and flows in the offshore Lake Ontario food web before (1987-1991) and after (2001-2005) invasion-induced ecosystem change. Ecol. Model. 222(3):692-708.

Suazo-Ortuño, I., Alvarado-Díaz, J., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2011. Riparian areas and conservation of herpetofauna in a tropical dry forest in western Mexico. Biotropica 43(2):237-245.

Sullivan, C.A., Bourke, D., Skeffington, M.S., Finn, J.A., Green, S., Kelly, S., and Gormally, M.J. 2011. Modelling semi-natural habitat area on lowland farms in western Ireland. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1089-1099.

Thébault, A., Gillet, F., Müller-Schärer, H., and Buttler, A. 2011. Polyploidy and invasion success: trait trade-offs in native and introduced cytotypes of two Asteraceae species. Plant Ecol. 212(2):315-325.

Tingley, R., Phillips, B.L., and Shine, R. 2011. Establishment success of introduced amphibians increases in the presence of congeneric species. Am. Nat. 177(3):382-388.

Toledo-Aceves, T., Meave, J.A., González-Espinosa, M., and Ramírez-Marcial, N. 2011. Tropical montane cloud forests: current threats and opportunities for their conservation and sustainable management in Mexico. J. Environ. Manage. 92(3):974-981.

Torres-Miranda, A., Luna-Vega, I., and Oyama, K. 2011. Conservation biogeography of red oaks (Quercus, section Lobatae) in Mexico and Central America. Am. J. Bot. 98(2):290-305.

Trathan, P.N., Fretwell, P.T., and Stonehouse, B. 2011. First recorded loss of an emperor penguin colony in the recent period of Antarctic regional warming: implications for other colonies. PLoS ONE 6(2):e14738.

Uchitel, A., Omacini, M., and Chaneton, E.J. 2011. Inherited fungal symbionts enhance establishment of an invasive annual grass across successional habitats. Oecologia 165(2):465-475.

Valentine-Rose, L., and Layman, C.A. 2011. Response of fish assemblage structure and function following restoration of two small Bahamian tidal creeks. Restor. Ecol. 19(2):205-215.

van Loon, A.H., Soomers, H., Schot, P.P., Bierkens, M.F.P., Griffioen, J., and Wassen, M.J. 2011. Linking habitat suitability and seed dispersal models in order to analyse the effectiveness of hydrological fen restoration strategies. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1025-1035.

Vasquez, E.C., and Meyer, G.A. 2011. Relationships among leaf damage, natural enemy release, and abundance in exotic and native prairie plants. Biol. Invasions 13(3):621-633.

Velando, A., and Munilla, I. 2011. Disturbance to a foraging seabird by sea-based tourism: implications for reserve management in marine protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1167-1174.

Verissimo, D., MacMillan, D.C., and Smith, R.J. 2011. Toward a systematic approach for identifying conservation flagships. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):1-8.

Vetter, D., Hansbauer, M.M., Végvári, Z., and Storch, I. 2011. Predictors of forest fragmentation sensitivity in Neotropical vertebrates: a quantitative review. Ecography 34(1):1-8.

Vieira, L.C., Oliveira, N.G., and Gayubo, S.F. 2011. On the use of Apiformes and Spheciformes (Insecta: Hymenoptera) populations as a management tool. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):519-530.

Vimal, R., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Mathevet, R., and Thompson, J.D. 2011. The sensitivity of gap analysis to conservation targets. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(3):531-543.

Vince, G. 2011. Embracing invasives. Science 331(6023):1383-1384.

Vovides, A.G., Bashan, Y., López-Portillo, J.A., and Guevara, R. 2011. Nitrogen fixation in preserved, reforested, naturally regenerated and impaired mangroves as an indicator of functional restoration in mangroves in an arid region of Mexico. Restor. Ecol. 19:236-244.

Vuilleumier, S., Buttler, A., Perrin, N., and Yearsley, J.M. 2011. Invasion and eradication of a competitively superior species in heterogeneous landscapes. Ecol. Model. 222(3):398-406.

Vélez-Espino, L.A., McLaughlin, R.L., Jones, M.L., and Pratt, T.C. 2011. Demographic analysis of trade-offs with deliberate fragmentation of streams: control of invasive species versus protection of native species. Biol. Conserv. 144(3):1068-1080.

Wachter, B., Thalwitzer, S., Hofer, H., Lonzer, J., Hildebrandt, T.B., and Hermes, R. 2011. Reproductive history and absence of predators are important determinants of reproductive fitness: the cheetah controversy revisited. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):47-54.

Waltert, M., Bobo, K.S., Kaupa, S., Montoya, M.L., Nsanyi, M.S., and Fermon, H. 2011. Assessing conservation values: biodiversity and endemicity in tropical land use systems. PLoS ONE 6(1):e16238.

Wanger, T.C., Wielgoss, A.C., Motzke, I., Clough, Y., Brook, B.W., Sodhi, N.S., and Tscharntke, T. 2011. Endemic predators, invasive prey and native diversity. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 278(1706):690-694.

Wilhelm-Rechmann, A., and Cowling, R.M. 2011. Framing biodiversity conservation for decision makers: insights from four South African municipalities. Conserv. Lett. 4(1):73-80.

Woodford, D.J., and McIntosh, A.R. 2011. Location of demographic sources affects the distributions of a vulnerable native fish in invaded river networks. Freshwater Biol. 56(2):311-324.

Yackulic, C.B., Sanderson, E.W., and Uriarte, M. 2011. Anthropogenic and environmental drivers of modern range loss in large mammals. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108(10):4024-4029.

Ye, Q.G., Bunn, E., and Dixon, K.W. 2011. Failure of sexual reproduction found in micropropagated critically endangered plants prior to reintroduction: a cautionary tale. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 165(3):278-284.

Yelenik, S.G., and Levine, J.M. 2011. The role of plant-soil feedbacks in driving native-species recovery. Ecology 92(1):66-74.

Yorke, A.F., Mockford, S., and Evans, R.C. 2011. Canada frostweed (Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx.; Cistaceae) at the northeastern limit of its range: implications for conservation. Botany 89(2):83-89.

Young, J.K., Olson, K.A., Reading, R.P., Amgalanbaatar, S., and Berger, J. 2011. Is wildlife going to the dogs? Impacts of feral and free-roaming dogs on wildlife populations. BioScience 61(2):125-132.

Yu, H., Liu, J.A., He, W.M., Miao, S.L., and Dong, M. 2011. Cuscuta australis restrains three exotic invasive plants and benefits native species. Biol. Invasions 13(3):747-756.

Zhang, Y., Cao, L., Barter, M., Fox, A.D., Zhao, M.J., Meng, F.J., Shi, H.Q., Jiang, Y., and Zhu, W.Z. 2011. Changing distribution and abundance of Swan Goose Anser cygnoides in the Yangtze River floodplain: the likely loss of a very important wintering site. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(1):36-48.

Zhou, Z.S., Guo, J.Y., Michaud, J.P., Li, M., and Wan, F.H. 2011. Variation in cold hardiness among geographic populations of the ragweed beetle, Ophraella communa LeSage (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Asterales: Asteraceae), in China. Biol. Invasions 13(3):659-667.

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