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Department ofBotany

No. 322
October 2011

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In This Issue

The Smithsonian-Mason Global Conservation Studies Program Courses

Building on the world-renowned training courses of the Smithsonian, new opportunities for graduates and professionals are now being offered by the National Zoo. Courses in this program are based at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) in Front Royal, Virginia. These residential courses are taught by Smithsonian researchers, George Mason University faculty, and conservation training colleagues from US and international organizations. For full course information or certificate, course application, and registration information, visit or contact

Conservation Conflict Resolution
January 16-20, 2012
Designed and led by the Human-Wildlife Conflict Collaboration, this course teaches proven skills, strategies and processes for effective stakeholder engagement and successful conservation conflict transformation. Course participants learn how to analyze conflicts to determine root causes and how to design and facilitate appropriate conflict resolution processes to help ensure sustainable solutions to complex conservation challenges.

Spatial Ecology, Geospatial Analysis, & Remote Sensing for Conservation
February 6-17, 2012
Learn to use GIS tools to address conservation research problems, quantifying effects of human-induced global change on wildlife and biodiversity. Hands-on lab exercises (e.g. land cover mapping; home range analysis; modeling habitat selection; mapping species distributions) use remote sensing data and SCBI field survey data to monitor global changes, assess impacts on wildlife, and develop mitigating strategies.

Statistics for Ecology and Conservation Biology
March 5-16, 2012
Gain in-depth knowledge of analysis techniques for cutting-edge conservation and ecological research, employing R. Course focuses on linear models, mixed models, generalized linear models, and how to deal with the limitations of real datasets in the conservation science context.

Species Monitoring & Conservation: Amphibians
March 26- April 6, 2012
Gain hands-on experience in the various in-situ and ex-situ practices being applied to monitoring amphibians and addressing their critical decline, including captive breeding, land management, monitoring and assessment, collections and vouchers, and data analysis as well as the applications of genetics and disease testing. The focus of the course is on frogs, toads and salamanders.

Species Monitoring & Conservation: Terrestrial Mammals
April 16-27, 2012
This course teaches current techniques in assessment and monitoring of wild mammal populations, including bats. Participants learn principles of study design; current field assessment methods; data analysis techniques including MARK and DISTANCE software; application of monitoring data to decision-making and population management; and collection and preparation of museum voucher specimens.

Non-Invasive Genetic Techniques in Wildlife Conservation
May 19-25, 2012
Learn how new developments in non-invasive genetics allow biologists and managers to answer questions in animal behavior, population biology and population management. Course participants will work through directed research projects, from study design through field data collection, sampling protocols, and DNA extraction and amplification, to analysis of microsatellite and sequence data.

Adaptive Management for Conservation Success
June 11-22, 2012
This course is taught in partnership with Foundations of Success (FOS). Working in teams on a real conservation project, participants practice conceptualizing projects, formulating objectives and providing evidence of conservation results. The course builds skills in designing and planning effective projects that provide clear evidence of conservation impact, and in use of Miradi adaptive management software.

Effective Conservation Leadership
2012 dates to be determined
What makes a successful conservation leader? Conservation professionals need to know more than science to lead effectively. This course provides self-skills assessments and addresses key conservation leadership skills, including project management, conflict resolution, effective communication and cross-cultural learning, team-building and support, and applied conservation ethics; participants address real-life environmental and conservation case studies.

Current Literature

Acevedo, M.F. 2011. Interdisciplinary progress in food production, food security and environment research. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):151-171.

Acuña, M.P., and Estades, C.F. 2011. Plantation clearcut size and the persistence of early-successional wildlife populations. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1577-1584.

Adams, M.P., Smith, P.L., and Beattie, A.J. 2011. Impact of spatial disjunction within biophysical classes on plant species composition: implications for conservation planning. Austral Ecol. 36(4):453-460.

Agrawal, A., and Benson, C.S. 2011. Common property theory and resource governance institutions: strengthening explanations of multiple outcomes. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):199-210.

Alvarado, J.J., Herrera, B., Corrales, L., Asch, J., and Paaby, P. 2011. Identification of marine and coastal biodiversity conservation priorities in Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59(2):829-842.

Alves, D.A., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L., Francoy, T.M., Santos, P., Billen, J., and Wenseleers, T. 2011. Successful maintenance of a stingless bee population despite a severe genetic bottleneck. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):647-658.

Andelman, S. 2011. Conservation science outside the comfort zone. Nature 475(7356):290-291.

Andraso, G.M., Ganger, M.T., and Adamczyk, J. 2011. Size-selective predation by round gobies (Neogobius melanostomus) on dreissenid mussels in the field. J. Great Lakes Res. 37(2):298-304.

Andrew, M.E., Wulder, M.A., and Coops, N.C. 2011. How do butterflies define ecosystems? A comparison of ecological regionalization schemes. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1409-1418.

Anzures-Dadda, A., Andresen, E., Martínez, M.L., and Manson, R.H. 2011. Absence of howlers (Alouatta palliata) influences tree seedling densities in tropical rain forest fragments in southern Mexico. Int. J. Primatol. 32(3):634-651.

Attorre, F., Taleb, N., De Sanctis, M., Farcomeni, A., Guillet, A., and Vitale, M. 2011. Developing conservation strategies for endemic tree species when faced with time and data constraints: Boswellia spp. on Socotra (Yemen). Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1483-1499.

Bai, Y., Zhuang, C.W., Ouyang, Z.Y., Zheng, H., and Jiang, B. 2011. Spatial characteristics between biodiversity and ecosystem services in a human-dominated watershed. Ecol. Complex. 8(2):177-183.

Baker, S.A., and Dyer, R.J. 2011. Invasion genetics of Microstegium vimineum (Poaceae) within the James River Basin of Virginia, USA. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):793-803.

Balestri, E., Vallerini, F., and Lardicci, C. 2011. Storm-generated fragments of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica from beach wrack - a potential source of transplants for restoration. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1644-1654.

Ballantyne, L., Fu, X.H., Shih, C.H., Cheng, C.Y., and Yiu, V. 2011. Pteroptyx maipo Ballantyne, a new species of bent-winged firefly (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) from Hong Kong, and its relevance to firefly biology and conservation. Zootaxa 2931:8-34.

Banks-Leite, C., Ewers, R.M., Kapos, V., Martensen, A.C., and Metzger, J.P. 2011. Comparing species and measures of landscape structure as indicators of conservation importance. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):706-714.

Barrett, T.M., and Gray, A.N. 2011. Potential of a national monitoring program for forests to assess change in high-latitude ecosystems. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1285-1294.

Barua, M. 2011. Mobilizing metaphors: the popular use of keystone, flagship and umbrella species concepts. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1427-1440.

Baudron, F., Corbeels, M., Andersson, J.A., Sibanda, M., and Giller, K.E. 2011. Delineating the drivers of waning wildlife habitat: the predominance of cotton farming on the fringe of protected areas in the Mid-Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1481-1493.

Beaudry, F., Pidgeon, A.M., Mladenoff, D.J., Howe, R.W., Bartelt, G.A., and Radeloff, V.C. 2011. Optimizing regional conservation planning for forest birds. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):726-735.

Beder, S. 2011. Environmental economics and ecological economics: the contribution of interdisciplinarity to understanding, influence and effectiveness. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):140-150.

Beever, E.A., and Woodward, A. 2011. Design of ecoregional monitoring in conservation areas of high-latitude ecosystems under contemporary climate change. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1258-1269.

Beever, E.A., and Woodward, A. 2011. Ecoregional-scale monitoring within conservation areas, in a rapidly changing climate. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1255-1257.

Bin Muzaffar, S., Islam, M.A., Kabir, D.S., Khan, M.H., Ahmed, F.U., Chowdhury, G.W., Aziz, M.A., Chakma, S., and Jahan, I. 2011. The endangered forests of Bangladesh: why the process of implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity is not working. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1587-1601.

Bolten, A.B., Crowder, L.B., Dodd, M.G., MacPherson, S.L., Musick, J.A., Schroeder, B.A., Witherington, B.E., Long, K.J., and Snover, M.L. 2011. Quantifying multiple threats to endangered species: an example from loggerhead sea turtles. Front. Ecol. Environ. 9(5):295-301.

Bottrill, M.C., Walsh, J.C., Watson, J.E.M., Joseph, L.N., Ortega-Argueta, A., and Possingham, H.P. 2011. Does recovery planning improve the status of threatened species? Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1595-1601.

Bouché, P., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G., Nianogo, A.J., Doucet, J.L., Lejeune, P., and Vermeulen, C. 2011. Will elephants soon disappear from West African savannahs? PLoS ONE 6(6):e20619.

Brommer, J.E. 2011. Whither Pst? The approximation of Qst by Pst in evolutionary and conservation biology. J. Evol. Biol. 24(6):1160-1168.

Brullo, C., Brullo, S., and del Galdo, G.G. 2011. Suaeda kocheri (Chenopodiaceae), a new species from Sicily. Phyton Ann. Rei Bot. 51(1):89-94.

Bugalho, M.N., Caldeira, M.C., Pereira, J.S., Aronson, J., and Pausas, J.G. 2011. Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Front. Ecol. Environ. 9(5):278-286.

Cassano, C.R., Kierulff, M.C.M., and Chiarello, A.G. 2011. The cacao agroforests of the Brazilian Atlantic forest as habitat for the endangered maned sloth Bradypus torquatus. Mamm. Biol. 76(3):243-250.

Catlin, J., Jones, R., and Jones, T. 2011. Revisiting Duffus and Dearden's wildlife tourism framework. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1537-1544.

Chambers, M., David, G., Ray, C., Leitner, B., and Pyle, P. 2011. Habitats and conservation of molt-migrant birds in southeastern Arizona. Southwest. Nat. 56(2):204-211.

Chaves, P.B., Alvarenga, C.S., Possamai, C.D., Dias, L.G., Boubli, J.P., Strier, K.B., Mendes, S.L., and Fagundes, V. 2011. Genetic diversity and population history of a critically endangered primate, the northern muriqui (Brachyteles hypoxanthus). PLoS ONE 6(6):e20722.

Christie, P. 2011. Creating space for interdisciplinary marine and coastal research: five dilemmas and suggested resolutions. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):172-186.

Crowhurst, R.S., Faries, K.M., Collantes, J., Briggler, J.T., Koppelman, J.B., and Eggert, L.S. 2011. Genetic relationships of hellbenders in the Ozark highlands of Missouri and conservation implications for the Ozark subspecies (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi). Conserv. Genet. 12(3):637-646.

Curado, N., Hartel, T., and Arntzen, J.W. 2011. Amphibian pond loss as a function of landscape change - a case study over three decades in an agricultural area of northern France. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1610-1618.

Czembor, C.A., Morris, W.K., Wintle, B.A., and Vesk, P.A. 2011. Quantifying variance components in ecological models based on expert opinion. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):736-745.

Dauwalter, D.C., Sanderson, J.S., Williams, J.E., and Sedell, J.R. 2011. Identification and implementation of native fish conservation areas in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Fisheries 36(6):278-288.

Davis, M., Chew, M.K., Hobbs, R.J., Lugo, A.E., Ewel, J.J., Vermeij, G.J., Brown, J.H., Rosenzweig, M.L., Gardener, M.R., Carroll, S.P., Thompson, K., Pickett, S.T.A., Stromberg, J.C., Del Tredici, P., Suding, K.N., Ehrenfeld, J.G., Grime, J.P., Mascaro, J., and Briggs, J.C. 2011. Don't judge species on their origins. Nature 474(7350):153-154.

de Groot, P.J.V., Putnam, A.S., Erb, P., Scott, C., Melnick, D., O'Ryan, C., and Boag, P.T. 2011. Conservation genetics of the black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis bicornis, in Namibia. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):783-792.

de Oliveira, J.A.P., Balaban, O., Doll, C.N.H., Moreno-Peñaranda, R., Gasparatos, A., Iossifova, D., and Suwa, A. 2011. Cities and biodiversity: perspectives and governance challenges for implementing the convention on biological diversity (CBD) at the city level. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1302-1313.

de Silva, S., Ranjeewa, A.D.G., and Weerakoon, D. 2011. Demography of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) at Uda Walawe National Park, Sri Lanka based on identified individuals. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1742-1752.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Smith, A.T., Slobodchikoff, C.N., and Swenson, J.E. 2011. The paradox of keystone species persecuted as pests: a call for the conservation of abundant small mammals in their native range. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1335-1346.

Dennis, T.E., McIntosh, R.R., and Shaughnessy, P.D. 2011. Effects of human disturbance on productivity of White-bellied Sea-Eagles (Haliaeetus leucogaster). Emu 111(2):179-185.

Deudero, S., Box, A., Alós, J., Arroyo, N.L., and Marbà, N. 2011. Functional changes due to invasive species: food web shifts at shallow Posidonia oceanica seagrass beds colonized by the alien macroalga Caulerpa racemosa. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 93(2):106-116.

Diniz, I.R., Higgins, B., and Morais, H.C. 2011. How do frequent fires in the Cerrado alter the lepidopteran community? Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1415-1426.

Drag, L., Hauck, D., Pokluda, P., Zimmermann, K., and Cizek, L. 2011. Demography and dispersal ability of a threatened saproxylic beetle: a mark-recapture study of the Rosalia longicorn (Rosalia alpina). PLoS ONE 6(6):e21345.

Droissart, V., Sonké, B., Hardy, O.J., Simo, M., Taedoumg, H., Nguembou, C.K., and Stévart, T. 2011. Do plant families with contrasting functional traits show similar patterns of endemism? A case study with Central African Orchidaceae and Rubiaceae. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1507-1531.

Durso, A.M., Willson, J.D., and Winne, C.T. 2011. Needles in haystacks: estimating detection probability and occupancy of rare and cryptic snakes. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1508-1515.

Dutta, S., Rahmani, A.R., and Jhala, Y.V. 2011. Running out of time? The great Indian bustard Ardeotis nigriceps - status, viability, and conservation strategies. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 57(3):615-625.

Economo, E.P. 2011. Biodiversity conservation in metacommunity networks: linking pattern and persistence. Am. Nat. 177(6):E167-E180.

Embert, D., Reichle, S., Larrea-Alcázar, D.M., Cortez, C., Muñoz, A., Gonzales, L., Montaño, R., Aguayo, R., Domic, E., Padial, J.M., Maldonado, M., Caballero, P., and Guerrero, M. 2011. Priority areas for amphibian conservation in a neotropical megadiverse country: the need for alternative, non place based, conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1557-1570.

Estes, J.A., Terborgh, J., Brashares, J.S., Power, M.E., Berger, J., Bond, W.J., Carpenter, S.R., Essington, T.E., Holt, R.D., Jackson, J.B.C., Marquis, R.J., Oksanen, L., Oksanen, T., Paine, R.T., Pikitch, E.K., Ripple, W.J., Sandin, S.A., Scheffer, M., Schoener, T.W., Shurin, J.B., Sinclair, A.R.E., Soulé, M.E., Virtanen, R., and Wardle, D.A. 2011. Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science 333(6040):301-306.

Etter, A., McAlpine, C.A., Seabrook, L., and Wilson, K.A. 2011. Incorporating temporality and biophysical vulnerability to quantify the human spatial footprint on ecosystems. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1585-1594.

Fattorini, S., Dennis, R.L.H., and Cook, L.M. 2011. Conserving organisms over large regions requires multi-taxa indicators: one taxon's diversity-vacant area is another taxon's diversity zone. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1690-1701.

Feola, S., Carranza, M.L., Schaminée, J.H.J., Janssen, J.A.M., and Acosta, A.T.R. 2011. EU habitats of interest: an insight into Atlantic and Mediterranean beach and foredunes. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1457-1468.

Filer, C. 2011. Interdisciplinary perspectives on historical ecology and environmental policy in Papua New Guinea. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):256-269.

Fisher, D.O. 2011. Cost, effort and outcome of mammal rediscovery: neglect of small species. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1712-1718.

Fisher, N.S., and Chen, C.Y. 2011. Interdisciplinary approaches for addressing marine contamination issues. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):187-198.

Flather, C.H., Hayward, G.D., Beissinger, S.R., and Stephens, P.A. 2011. Minimum viable populations: is there a 'magic number' for conservation practitioners? Trends Ecol. Evol. 26(6):307-316.

Fourie, R., Haddad, C.R., and Jocqué, R. 2011. A revision of the purse-web spider genus Calommata Lucas, 1837 (Araneae, Atypidae) in the Afrotropical Region. Zookeys 95:1-28.

Frodeman, R. 2011. Interdisciplinary research and academic sustainability: managing knowledge in an age of accountability. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):105-112.

Fynn, R.W.S., and Bonyongo, M.C. 2011. Functional conservation areas and the future of Africa's wildlife. Afr. J. Ecol. 49(2):175-188.

Galewski, T., Collen, B., McRae, L., Loh, J., Grillas, P., Gauthier-Clerc, M., and Devictor, V. 2011. Long-term trends in the abundance of Mediterranean wetland vertebrates: from global recovery to localized declines. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1392-1399.

Gallo, T., and Waitt, D. 2011. Creating a successful citizen science model to detect and report invasive species. BioScience 61(6):459-465.

Gibbons, D.W., Wilson, J.D., and Green, R.E. 2011. Using conservation science to solve conservation problems. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):505-508.

Gillespie, G.R., Scroggie, M.P., Roberts, J.D., Cogger, H.G., Mahony, M.J., and McDonald, K.R. 2011. The influence of uncertainty on conservation assessments: Australian frogs as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1516-1525.

Gillett, N.D., and Steinman, A.D. 2011. An analysis of long-term phytoplankton dynamics in Muskegon Lake, a Great Lakes Area of Concern. J. Great Lakes Res. 37(2):335-342.

Godefroid, S., Rivière, S., Waldren, S., Boretos, N., Eastwood, R., and Vanderborght, T. 2011. To what extent are threatened European plant species conserved in seed banks? Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1494-1498.

Grumbine, R.E., and Xu, J.C. 2011. Creating a 'Conservation with Chinese Characteristics'. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1347-1355.

Gutiérrez-Granados, G., Pérez-Salicrup, D.R., and Dirzo, R. 2011. Differential diameter-size effects of forest management on tree species richness and community structure: implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1571-1585.

Güthlin, D., Knauer, F., Kneib, T., Küchenhoff, H., Kaczensky, P., Rauer, G., Jonozovič, M., Mustoni, A., and Jerina, K. 2011. Estimating habitat suitability and potential population size for brown bears in the Eastern Alps. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1733-1741.

Ha, R.R., Morton, J.M., Ha, J.C., Berry, L., and Plentovich, S. 2011. Nest site selection and consequences for reproductive success of the endangered Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi). Wilson J. Ornithol. 123(2):236-242.

Halpern, B.S., White, C., Lester, S.E., Costello, C., and Gaines, S.D. 2011. Using portfolio theory to assess tradeoffs between return from natural capital and social equity across space. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1499-1507.

Healey, J.R., Tandy, S., Wallace, H.L., Williamson, J.C., Nason, M.A., and Jones, D.L. 2011. Importance of researching the mechanisms underpinning the restoration of whole ecosystem diversity. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1300-1301.

Heinicke, M.P., Diaz, L.M., and Hedges, S.B. 2011. Origin of invasive Florida frogs traced to Cuba. Biol. Lett. 7(3):407-410.

Hmeljevski, K.V., Reis, A., Montagna, T., and dos Reis, M.S. 2011. Genetic diversity, genetic drift and mixed mating system in small subpopulations of Dyckia ibiramensis, a rare endemic bromeliad from Southern Brazil. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):761-769.

Hobbs, R.J., Hallett, L.M., Ehrlich, P.R., and Mooney, H.A. 2011. Intervention ecology: applying ecological science in the twenty-first century. BioScience 61(6):442-450.

Hoeksema, B.W., van der Land, J., van der Meij, S.E.T., van Ofwegen, L.P., Reijnen, B.T., van Soest, R.W.M., and de Voogd, N.J. 2011. Unforeseen importance of historical collections as baselines to determine biotic change of coral reefs: the Saba Bank case. Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 32(2):135-141.

Hu, L., Li, Z., Liao, W.B., and Fan, Q. 2011. Values of village fengshui forest patches in biodiversity conservation in the Pearl River Delta, China. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1553-1559.

Huang, Y., Dai, Q., Chen, Y.Y., Wan, H.F., Li, J.T., and Wang, Y.Z. 2011. Lizard species richness patterns in China and its environmental associations. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1399-1414.

Huertas, B., and Fagua, G. 2011. Distribution and conservation status of nominate Euptychia cesarense in the East Andes of Colombia. Zootaxa 2906:66-68.

Hughes, K.A., Lee, J.E., Tsujimoto, M., Imura, S., Bergstrom, D.M., Ware, C., Lebouvier, M., Huiskes, A.H.L., Gremmen, N.J.M., Frenot, Y., Bridge, P.D., and Chown, S.L. 2011. Food for thought: risks of non-native species transfer to the Antarctic region with fresh produce. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1682-1689.

Hui, C., Foxcroft, L.C., Richardson, D.M., and MacFadyen, S. 2011. Defining optimal sampling effort for large-scale monitoring of invasive alien plants: a Bayesian method for estimating abundance and distribution. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):768-776.

Ishtiaq, F., Dutta, S., Yumnam, B., and Jhala, Y.V. 2011. Low genetic diversity in the endangered great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) across India and implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):857-863.

Jachowski, D.S., Gitzen, R.A., Grenier, M.B., Holmes, B., and Millspaugh, J.J. 2011. The importance of thinking big: large-scale prey conservation drives black-footed ferret reintroduction success. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1560-1566.

Jennings, D.E., and Rohr, J.R. 2011. A review of the conservation threats to carnivorous plants. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1356-1363.

Jiang, H., Fan, Q., Li, J.T., Shi, S., Li, S.P., Liao, W.B., and Shu, W.S. 2011. Naturalization of alien plants in China. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1545-1556.

Jiménez, G., Lemus, J.A., Meléndez, L., Blanco, G., and Laiolo, P. 2011. Dampened behavioral and physiological responses mediate birds' association with humans. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1702-1711.

Jordano, P., Forget, P.M., Lambert, J.E., Böhning-Gaese, K., Traveset, A., and Wright, S.J. 2011. Frugivores and seed dispersal: mechanisms and consequences for biodiversity of a key ecological interaction. Biol. Lett. 7(3):321-323.

Junge, X., Lindemann-Matthies, P., Hunziker, M., and Schüpbach, B. 2011. Aesthetic preferences of non-farmers and farmers for different land-use types and proportions of ecological compensation areas in the Swiss lowlands. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1430-1440.

Kiyoshi, T., Takahashi, J., Yamanaka, T., Tanaka, K., Hamasaki, K., Tsuchida, K., and Tsubaki, Y. 2011. Taxonomic uncertainty of a highly endangered brook damselfly, Copera tokyoensis Asahina, 1948 (Odonata: Platycnemididae), revealed by the mitochondrial gene genealogy. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):845-849.

Kosiba, P., Mróz, L., and Kamiński, R. 2011. Assessment of habitat conditions using Self-Organizing Feature Maps for reintroduction/introduction of Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. in Poland. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 80(2):139-148.

Kyne, P.M., Compagno, L.J.V., Stead, J., Jackson, M.V., and Bennett, M.B. 2011. Distribution, habitat and biology of a rare and threatened eastern Australian endemic shark: Colclough's shark, Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908. Mar. Freshwater Res. 62(6):540-547.

Laita, A., Mönkkönen, M., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2011. Assessing the functional connectivity of reserve networks in continuously varying nature under the constraints imposed by reality. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1297-1298.

Lambertini, M., Leape, J., Marton-Lefèvre, J., Mitter-Meier, R.A., Rose, M., Robinson, J.G., Stuart, S.N., Waldman, B., and Genovesi, P. 2011. Invasives: a major conservation threat. Science 333(6041):404-405.

Lambertucci, S.A., Donázar, J.A., Huertas, A.D., Jiménez, B., Sáez, M., Sanchez-Zapata, J.A., and Hiraldo, F. 2011. Widening the problem of lead poisoning to a South-American top scavenger: lead concentrations in feathers of wild Andean condors. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1464-1471.

Laurance, W.F., Dell, B., Turton, S.M., Lawes, M.J., Hutley, L.B., McCallum, H., Dale, P., Bird, M., Hardy, G., Prideaux, G., Gawne, B., McMahon, C.R., Yu, R., Hero, J.M., Schwarzkop, L., Krockenberger, A., Douglas, M., Silvester, E., Mahony, M., Vella, K., Saikia, U., Wahren, C.H., Xu, Z.H., Smith, B., and Cocklin, C. 2011. The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1472-1480.

Leal, A.I., Correia, R.A., Granadeiro, J.P., and Palmeirim, J.M. 2011. Impact of cork extraction on birds: relevance for conservation of Mediterranean biodiversity. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1655-1662.

Lele, S., and Kurien, A. 2011. Interdisciplinary analysis of the environment: insights from tropical forest research. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):211-233.

Liebherr, J.K. 2011. The Mecyclothorax beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Moriomorphini) of West Maui, Hawaii: taxonomy, biogeography, and conservation. Deut. Entomol. Z. 58(1):15-76.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Wood, J.T., McBurney, L., MacGregor, C., Youngentob, K., and Banks, S.C. 2011. How to make a common species rare: a case against conservation complacency. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1663-1672.

López-Arévalo, H.F., Gallina, S., Landgrave, R., Martínez-Meyer, E., and Muñoz-Villers, L.E. 2011. Local knowledge and species distribution models' contribution towards mammalian conservation. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1451-1463.

Ly, T., Hoang, H.D., and Stuart, B.L. 2011. Market turtle mystery solved in Vietnam. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1767-1771.

MacLeod, R., Herzog, S.K., Maccormick, A., Ewing, S.R., Bryce, R., and Evans, K.L. 2011. Rapid monitoring of species abundance for biodiversity conservation: consistency and reliability of the MacKinnon lists technique. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1374-1381.

Magrach, A., Larrinaga, A.R., and Santamaría, L. 2011. Changes in patch features may exacerbate or compensate for the effect of habitat loss on forest bird populations. PLoS ONE 6(6):e21596.

Maguire, G.S., Duivenvoorden, A.K., Weston, M.A., and Adams, R. 2011. Provision of artificial shelter on beaches is associated with improved shorebird fledging success. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):172-185.

Martínez-Sánchez, J.J., Segura, F., Aguado, M., Franco, J.A., and Vicente, M.J. 2011. Life history and demographic features of Astragalus nitidiflorus, a critically endangered species. Flora 206(5):423-432.

May, S.E., Medley, K.A., Johnson, S.A., and Hoffman, E.A. 2011. Combining genetic structure and ecological niche modeling to establish units of conservation: a case study of an imperiled salamander. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1441-1450.

McCafferty, D.J., and Parsons, E.C.M. 2011. Marine mammal ecotypes: implications for otter conservation and management. Aquat. Mammals 37(2):205-207.

McGowan, C.P., Runge, M.C., and Larson, M.A. 2011. Incorporating parametric uncertainty into population viability analysis models. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1400-1408.

McKinney, A.M., and Goodell, K. 2011. Plant-pollinator interactions between an invasive and native plant vary between sites with different flowering phenology. Plant Ecol. 212(6):1025-1035.

McLeod, K.L., Lester, S.E., Ruckelshaus, M., Halpern, B.S., and Tallis, H. 2011. Scientific relevance cuts both ways: informing current and future decision-making. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1295-1295.

Meeuwig, M.H., Guy, C.S., and Fredenberg, W.A. 2011. Trophic relationships between a native and a nonnative predator in a system of natural lakes. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 20(2):315-325.

Mills, M.S.L., Olmos, F., Melo, M., and Dean, W.R.J. 2011. Mount Moco: its importance to the conservation of Swierstra's Francolin Pternistis swierstrai and the Afromontane avifauna of Angola. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):119-133.

Mitchell, A.A., Lau, J., Chemnick, L.G., Thompson, E.A., Alberts, A.C., Ryder, O.A., and Gerber, G.P. 2011. Using microsatellite diversity in wild Anegada iguanas (Cyclura pinguis) to establish relatedness in a captive breeding group of this critically endangered species. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):771-781.

Mitchell, A.M., Wellicome, T.I., Brodie, D., and Cheng, K.M. 2011. Captive-reared burrowing owls show higher site-affinity, survival, and reproductive performance when reintroduced using a soft-release. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1382-1391.

Moilanen, A., and Arponen, A. 2011. Administrative regions in conservation: balancing local priorities with regional to global preferences in spatial planning. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1719-1725.

Molina-Montenegro, M.A., Quiroz, C.L., Torres-Diaz, C., and Atala, C. 2011. Functional differences in response to drought in the invasive Taraxacum officinale from native and introduced alpine habitat ranges. Plant Ecol. Divers. 4(1):37-44.

Moody, E.K., Weidel, B.C., Ahrenstorff, T.D., Mattes, W.P., and Kitchell, J.F. 2011. Evaluating the growth potential of sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) feeding on siscowet lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in Lake Superior. J. Great Lakes Res. 37(2):343-348.

Moore, A.B.M., White, W.T., Ward, R.D., Naylor, G.J.P., and Peirce, R. 2011. Rediscovery and redescription of the smoothtooth blacktip shark, Carcharhinus leiodon (Carcharhinidae), from Kuwait, with notes on its possible conservation status. Mar. Freshwater Res. 62(6):528-539.

Mueller, M.S., Grigione, M.M., and Sarno, R.J. 2011. Nonurban habitat use of Florida burrowing owls: identifying areas of conservation importance. J. Raptor Res. 45(2):143-149.

Newth, J.L., Brown, M.J., and Rees, E.C. 2011. Incidence of embedded shotgun pellets in Bewick's swans Cygnus columbianus bewickii and whooper swans Cygnus cygnus wintering in the UK. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1630-1637.

Nogueira, S.S.C., and Nogueira, S.L.G. 2011. Wildlife farming: an alternative to unsustainable hunting and deforestation in Neotropical forests? Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1385-1397.

Ottewell, K.M., Bickerton, D., and Lowe, A.J. 2011. Can a seed bank provide demographic and genetic rescue in a declining population of the endangered shrub Acacia pinguifolia? Conserv. Genet. 12(3):669-678.

Paredes-García, D.M., Ramírez-Bautista, A., and Martínez-Morales, M.A. 2011. Distribution and representation of Crotalus species within the natural protected areas of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 82(2):689-700.

Patten, M.A., and Smith-Patten, B.D. 2011. "As if" philosophy: conservation biology's real hope. BioScience 61(6):425-426.

Pearse, D.E., Martinez, E., and Garza, J.C. 2011. Disruption of historical patterns of isolation by distance in coastal steelhead. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):691-700.

Pérez, I., Noguera, J.C., and Mínguez, E. 2011. Is there enough habitat for reintroduced populations of the Lesser Kestrel? A case study in eastern Spain. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):228-239.

Perry, J., Fisher, A., and Palmer, C. 2011. Status and habitat of the Carpentarian Grasswren (Amytornis dorotheae) in the Northern Territory. Emu 111(2):155-161.

Perry, J.J., Kutt, A.S., Garnett, S.T., Crowley, G.M., Vanderduys, E.P., and Perkins, G.C. 2011. Changes in the avifauna of Cape York Peninsula over a period of 9 years: the relative effects of fire, vegetation type and climate. Emu 111(2):120-131.

Peters, M.K., Lung, T., Schaab, G., and Wägele, J.W. 2011. Deforestation and the population decline of the army ant Dorylus wilverthi in western Kenya over the last century. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):697-705.

Phommexay, P., Satasook, C., Bates, P., Pearch, M., and Bumrungsri, S. 2011. The impact of rubber plantations on the diversity and activity of understorey insectivorous bats in southern Thailand. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1441-1456.

Pillay, R., Johnsingh, A.J.T., Raghunath, R., and Madhusudan, M.D. 2011. Patterns of spatiotemporal change in large mammal distribution and abundance in the southern Western Ghats, India. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1567-1576.

Piqueray, J., Bisteau, E., Cristofoli, S., Palm, R., Poschlod, P., and Mahy, G. 2011. Plant species extinction debt in a temperate biodiversity hotspot: community, species and functional traits approaches. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1619-1629.

Pitt, J.P.W., Kriticos, D.J., and Dodd, M.B. 2011. Temporal limits to simulating the future spread pattern of invasive species: Buddleja davidii in Europe and New Zealand. Ecol. Model. 222(11):1880-1887.

Poethke, H.J., Dytham, C., and Hovestadt, T. 2011. A metapopulation paradox: partial improvement of habitat may reduce metapopulation persistence. Am. Nat. 177(6):792-799.

Powell, F.A. 2011. Can early loss of affiliates explain the coextinction paradox? An example from Acacia-inhabiting psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1533-1544.

Pretty, J. 2011. Interdisciplinary progress in approaches to address social-ecological and ecocultural systems. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):127-139.

Pryke, J.S., Samways, M.J., and Hockey, P.A.R. 2011. Persistence of the threatened Knysna warbler Bradypterus sylvaticus in an urban landscape: do gardens substitute for fire? Afr. J. Ecol. 49(2):199-208.

Pywell, R.F., Meek, W.R., Webb, N.R., Putwain, P.D., and Bullock, J.M. 2011. Long-term heathland restoration on former grassland: the results of a 17-year experiment. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1602-1609.

Raab, R., Spakovszky, P., Julius, E., Schütz, C., and Schulze, C.H. 2011. Effects of power lines on flight behaviour of the West-Pannonian Great Bustard Otis tarda population. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):142-155.

Ransom, J.I. 2011. Customizing a rangefinder for community-based wildlife conservation initiatives. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1603-1609.

Rayburn, A.P. 2011. Recognition and utilization of positive plant interactions may increase plant reintroduction success. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1296-1296.

Reynolds, J.H., Thompson, W.L., and Russell, B. 2011. Planning for success: identifying effective and efficient survey designs for monitoring. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1278-1284.

Riou, S., Judas, J., Lawrence, M., Pole, S., and Combreau, O. 2011. A 10-year assessment of Asian Houbara Bustard populations: trends in Kazakhstan reveal important regional differences. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):134-141.

Robbins, M.M., Gray, M., Fawcett, K.A., Nutter, F.B., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., Basabose, A., Stoinski, T.S., Cranfield, M.R., Byamukama, J., Spelman, L.H., and Robbins, A.M. 2011. Extreme conservation leads to recovery of the Virunga mountain gorillas. PLoS ONE 6(6):e19788.

Robertson, H.A., Colbourne, R.M., Graham, P.J., Miller, P.J., and Pierce, R.J. 2011. Experimental management of Brown Kiwi Apteryx mantelli in central Northland, New Zealand. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):207-220.

Robinson, C.A.J., Daspit, L.L., and Remis, M.J. 2011. Multi-faceted approaches to understanding changes in wildlife and livelihoods in a protected area: a conservation case study from the Central African Republic. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):247-255.

Rollins, L.A., Woolnough, A.P., Sinclair, R., Mooney, N.J., and Sherwin, W.B. 2011. Mitochondrial DNA offers unique insights into invasion history of the common starling. Mol. Ecol. 20(11):2307-2317.

Römer, U., Duponchelle, F., Diaz, A.V., Davilla, C.G., Sirvas, S., Catchay, C.D., and Renno, J.F. 2011. Apistogramma cinilabra sp. n.: description of a potentially endangered endemic cichlid species (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Departamenio Loreto, Peru. Vertebr. Zool. 61(1):115-135.

Samraoui, F., Alfarhan, A.H., Al-Rasheid, K.A.S., and Samraoui, B. 2011. An appraisal of the status and distribution of waterbirds of Algeria: indicators of global changes? Ardeola 58(1):137-163.

Sanchez, A.C., Osborne, P.E., and Haq, N. 2011. Climate change and the African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.): the need for better conservation strategies. Afr. J. Ecol. 49(2):234-245.

Santos-Barrera, G., and Urbina-Cardona, J.N. 2011. The role of the matrix-edge dynamics of amphibian conservation in tropical montane fragmented landscapes. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 82(2):679-687.

Sarkar, J. 2011. Critically endangered Indian animals. Curr. Sci. 100(11):1608-1609.

Sastre, N., Vilà, C., Salinas, M., Bologov, V.V., Urios, V., Sánchez, A., Francino, O., and Ramírez, O. 2011. Signatures of demographic bottlenecks in European wolf populations. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):701-712.

Schirmel, J., and Buchholz, S. 2011. Response of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) to coastal heathland succession. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1469-1482.

Schunter, C., Carreras-Carbonell, J., Planes, S., Sala, E., Ballesteros, E., Zabala, M., Harmelin, J.G., Harmelin-Vivien, M., Macpherson, E., and Pascual, M. 2011. Genetic connectivity patterns in an endangered species: the dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus). J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 401(1-2):126-133.

Sefidi, K., Mohadjer, M.R.M., Etemad, V., and Copenheaver, C.A. 2011. Stand characteristics and distribution of a relict population of Persian ironwood (Parrotia persica CA Meyer) in northern Iran. Flora 206(5):418-422.

Seppelt, R., Dormann, C.F., Eppink, F.V., Lautenbach, S., and Schmidt, S. 2011. A quantitative review of ecosystem service studies: approaches, shortcomings and the road ahead. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):630-636.

Shester, G.G., and Micheli, F. 2011. Conservation challenges for small-scale fisheries: bycatch and habitat impacts of traps and gillnets. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1673-1681.

Shriver, W.G., Gibbs, J.P., Woltz, H.W., Schwarz, N.P., and Pepper, M.A. 2011. Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus population change associated with habitat invasion by the Red-barked Quinine Tree Cinchona pubescens. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):221-227.

Silcock, J.L., Fensham, R.J., and Martin, T.G. 2011. Assessing rarity and threat in an arid-zone flora. Aust. J. Bot. 59(4):336-350.

Simpfendorfer, C.A., Heupel, M.R., White, W.T., and Dulvy, N.K. 2011. The importance of research and public opinion to conservation management of sharks and rays: a synthesis. Mar. Freshwater Res. 62(6):518-527.

Singh, H.S., and Gibson, L. 2011. A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: the Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) of Gir forest. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1753-1757.

Solonen, T., and Jokimäki, J. 2011. The efficiency of three-visit square surveys vs. one-visit line transects in censusing sparsely distributed birds in managed forest landscapes. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):156-171.

Soluk, D.A., Zercher, D.S., and Worthington, A.M. 2011. Influence of roadways on patterns of mortality and flight behavior of adult dragonflies near wetland areas. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1638-1643.

Steinmetz, R., Timmins, R.J., and Duckworth, J.W. 2011. Distribution and conservation status of the Lao leaf monkey (Trachypithecus (francoisi) laotum). Int. J. Primatol. 32(3):587-604.

Stevens, A.F.J., Bayne, E.M., and Wellicome, T.I. 2011. Soil and climate are better than biotic land cover for predicting home-range habitat selection by endangered burrowing owls across the Canadian Prairies. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1526-1536.

Stracey, C.M. 2011. Resolving the urban nest predator paradox: the role of alternative foods for nest predators. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1545-1552.

Strong, J.A., and Dring, M.J. 2011. Macroalgal competition and invasive success: testing competition in mixed canopies of Sargassum muticum and Saccharina latissima. Bot. Mar. 54(3):223-229.

Struebig, M.J., Kingston, T., Petit, E.J., Le Comber, S.C., Zubaid, A., Mohd-Adnan, A., and Rossiter, S.J. 2011. Parallel declines in species and genetic diversity in tropical forest fragments. Ecol. Lett. 14(6):582-590.

Summers, R.W., and Buckland, S.T. 2011. A first survey of the global population size and distribution of the Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):186-198.

Swaisgood, R.R., and Sheppard, J. 2011. Hope springs eternal: biodiversity conservation requires that we see the glass as half full. BioScience 61(6):427-428.

Sweatman, H., Delean, S., and Syms, C. 2011. Assessing loss of coral cover on Australia's Great Barrier Reef over two decades, with implications for longer-term trends. Coral Reefs 30(2):521-531.

Tacconi, L. 2011. Developing environmental governance research: the example of forest cover change studies. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):234-246.

Tanaka, S., Kitamura, T., Mochizuki, T., and Kofuji, K. 2011. Age, growth and genetic status of the white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) from Kashima-nada, Japan. Mar. Freshwater Res. 62(6):548-556.

Tassin, J., Thiebaut, G., and Dutartre, A. 2011. Toward an objective perception of biological invasions. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 66(2):195-198.

Tejedor, A. 2011. Systematics of funnel-eared bats (Chiroptera: Natalidae). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 353:1-140.

Tellería, J.L., de la Hera, I., Ramírez, Á., and Santos, T. 2011. Conservation opportunities in Spanish juniper Juniperus thurifera woodlands: the case of migratory thrushes Turdus spp. Ardeola 58(1):57-70.

Terlizzi, A., Felline, S., Lionetto, M.G., Caricato, R., Perfetti, V., Cutignano, A., and Mollo, E. 2011. Detrimental physiological effects of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa on the Mediterranean white seabream Diplodus sargus. Aquat. Biol. 12(2):109-117.

Thibault, J.C., Hacquemand, D., Moneglia, P., Pellegrini, H., Prodon, R., Recorbet, B., Seguin, J.F., and Villard, P. 2011. Distribution and population size of the Corsican Nuthatch Sitta whiteheadi. Bird Conserv. Int. 21(2):199-206.

Thompson, W.L., Miller, A.E., Mortenson, D.C., and Woodward, A. 2011. Developing effective sampling designs for monitoring natural resources in Alaskan national parks: an example using simulations and vegetation data. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1270-1277.

Timberlake, J., Goyder, D., Crawford, F., Burrows, J., Clarke, G.P., Luke, Q., Matimele, H., Müller, T., Pascal, O., de Sousa, C., and Alves, T. 2011. Coastal dry forests in northern Mozambique. Plant Ecol. Evol. 144(2):126-137.

Tobin, P.C., Berec, L., and Liebhold, A.M. 2011. Exploiting Allee effects for managing biological invasions. Ecol. Lett. 14(6):615-624.

Trebilco, R., Halpern, B.S., Flemming, J.M., Field, C., Blanchard, W., and Worm, B. 2011. Mapping species richness and human impact drivers to inform global pelagic conservation prioritisation. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1758-1766.

Tremblay, M.A., and St Clair, C.C. 2011. Permeability of a heterogeneous urban landscape to the movements of forest songbirds. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):679-688.

Trias-Blasi, A., Eddie, W.M.M., Hedge, I.C., Möller, M., and Sales, F. 2011. The taxonomy and conservation of Campanula primulifolia (Campanulaceae), a critically endangered species in the Iberian Peninsula. Willdenowia 41(1):35-42.

Trimbos, K.B., Musters, C.J.M., Verkuil, Y.I., Kentie, R., Piersma, T., and de Snoo, G.R. 2011. No evident spatial genetic structuring in the rapidly declining Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa limosa in The Netherlands. Conserv. Genet. 12(3):629-636.

Trompf, G.W. 2011. The classification of the sciences and the quest for interdisciplinarity: a brief history of ideas from ancient philosophy to contemporary environmental science. Environ. Conserv. 38(2):113-126.

Tropek, R., and Konvička, M. 2011. Should restoration damage rare biotopes? Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1299-1299.

Tuvi, E.L., Vellak, A., Reier, Ü., Szava-Kovats, R., and Pärtel, M. 2011. Establishment of protected areas in different ecoregions, ecosystems, and diversity hotspots under successive political systems. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1726-1732.

Urbaniak, J., Sugier, P., and Gabka, M. 2011. Charophytes of the Lubelszczyzna region (Eastern Poland). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 80(2):159-168.

Varela-Romero, A., Hendrickson, D.A., Yepiz-Plascencia, G., Brooks, J.E., and Neely, D.A. 2011. Status of the Yaqui catfish (Ictalurus pricei) in the United States and northwestern Mexico. Southwest. Nat. 56(2):277-285.

Veldman, J.W., and Putz, F.E. 2011. Grass-dominated vegetation, not species-diverse natural savanna, replaces degraded tropical forests on the southern edge of the Amazon Basin. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1419-1429.

Victor, J.E., and Smith, G.F. 2011. The conservation imperative and setting plant taxonomic research priorities in South Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 20(7):1501-1505.

Weber, M.J., and Brown, M.L. 2011. Relationships among invasive common carp, native fishes and physicochemical characteristics in upper Midwest (USA) lakes. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 20(2):270-278.

Wei, Y.G., and Wang, W.T. 2011. Elatostema recurviramum (Urticaceae), a new cave-dwelling species from Guangxi, China. Novon 21(2):281-284.

White, P.J., Wallen, R.L., Geremia, C., Treanor, J.J., and Blanton, D.W. 2011. Management of Yellowstone bison and brucellosis transmission risk - implications for conservation and restoration. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1322-1334.

Williams, J.E., Williams, R.N., Thurow, R.F., Elwell, L., Philipp, D.P., Harris, F.A., Kershner, J.L., Martinez, P.J., Miller, D., Reeves, G.H., Frissell, C.A., and Sedell, J.R. 2011. Native fish conservation areas: a vision for large-scale conservation of native fish communities. Fisheries 36(6):267-277.

Wilson, K.A., Lulow, M., Burger, J., Fang, Y.C., Andersen, C., Olson, D., O'Connell, M., and McBride, M.F. 2011. Optimal restoration: accounting for space, time and uncertainty. J. Appl. Ecol. 48(3):715-725.

Wolkovich, E.M., and Cleland, E.E. 2011. The phenology of plant invasions: a community ecology perspective. Front. Ecol. Environ. 9(5):287-294.

Wymore, A.S., Keeley, A.T.H., Yturralde, K.M., Schroer, M.L., Propper, C.R., and Whitham, T.G. 2011. Genes to ecosystems: exploring the frontiers of ecology with one of the smallest biological units. New Phytol. 191(1):19-36.

Yoshida-Arns, K.N., Mayo, S.J., and Braga, J.M.A. 2011. Stromanthe bahiensis sp. nov. (Marantaceae), endemic to southern Bahia State, Brazil. Nord. J. Bot. 29(3):357-360.

Zaloumis, N.P., and Bond, W.J. 2011. Grassland restoration after afforestation: no direction home? Austral Ecol. 36(4):357-366.

Zellweger-Fischer, J., Kéry, M., and Pasinelli, G. 2011. Population trends of brown hares in Switzerland: the role of land-use and ecological compensation areas. Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1364-1373.

Zhang, R., Jongejans, E., and Shea, K. 2011. Warming increases the spread of an invasive thistle. PLoS ONE 6(6):e21725.

Zhang, Z.J., Swaisgood, R.R., Zhang, S.N., Nordstrom, L.A., Wang, H.J., Gu, X.D., Hu, J.C., and Wei, F.W. 2011. Old-growth forest is what giant pandas really need. Biol. Lett. 7(3):403-406.

Zhou, D.Q., and Grumbine, R.E. 2011. National parks in China: experiments with protecting nature and human livelihoods in Yunnan province, Peoples' Republic of China (PRC). Biol. Conserv. 144(5):1314-1321.

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