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Department ofBotany



No. 334
October 2012


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In This Issue


Scientists Find that Rain May Not Always be a Welcome Thing to Waterbirds


Adapted from Smithsonianscience.org

Scientists from the Smithsonian and colleagues have found that waterbird communities can be the "canary in the coal mine" when it comes to detecting the health of urban estuary ecosystems. Their research revealed that the types of waterbirds that inhabit urban estuaries are influenced not only by urban development, but also by a far more natural process―rain. The team's findings are published in the scientific journal PLoS ONE.

The scientists compared waterbird communities in estuaries of the Chesapeake Bay during 2002, a year of severe drought, to 2003, a year of high rainfall. During the drier year, the species of waterbirds present included both those that fed generally on many species of invertebrates and those that only fed on specific ones. However, the waterbird community was made up of most generalists the following year after heavy rain. The high rainfall increased nutrient runoff into the estuaries which reduced the estuaries' populations of small invertebrates. Because the dynamics of the invertebrate populations were affected, so in turn were the dynamics of the waterbird communities that fed on them.

Sanderling on beach, Tangier Island, Chesapeake Bay. (Alicia Pimental)

"We're seeing more extreme rainstorms in this region, so our results give a snapshot of what bird communities in urban estuaries might look like in the future," said Colin Studds, lead author and postdoctoral fellow at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute at the time of the research. "As urban development continues, we need new solutions for managing water quality or we stand to lose the Bay's iconic natural treasures."

Top members of estuary food chains such as waterbirds are not often considered when monitoring the stressors and indicators in the ecosystem. The team's research, however, shows that estuarine management could be improved by tracking the relationships between land development, water quality and waterbird communities. Understanding the relationships between the three could help improve strategies to protect these unique ecosystems as urban development increases.


Current Literature


Adams, V.M., Pressey, R.L., and Stoeckl, N. 2012. Estimating land and conservation management costs: the first step in designing a stewardship program for the Northern Territory. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):44-53.

Adhikari, Y.P., Fischer, A., and Fischer, H.S. 2012. Micro-site conditions of epiphytic orchids in a human impact gradient in Kathmandu valley, Nepal. J. Mt. Sci. 9(3):331-342.

Akasaka, M., and Takamura, N. 2012. Hydrologic connection between ponds positively affects macrophyte α and γ diversity but negatively affects β diversity. Ecology 93(5):967-973.

Allen, B.L., and Leung, L.K.P. 2012. Assessing predation risk to threatened fauna from their prevalence in predator scats: dingoes and rodents in arid Australia. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36426.

Amaral, D.D., Vieira, I.C.G., Salomão, R.P., Almeida, S.S., and Jardim, M.A.G. 2012. The status of conservation of urban forests in eastern Amazonia. Braz. J. Biol. 72(2):257-265.

Amori, G., Masciola, S., Saarto, J., Gippoliti, S., Rondinini, C., Chiozza, F., and Luiselli, L. 2012. Spatial turnover and knowledge gap of African small mammals: using country checklists as a conservation tool. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1755-1793.

Anuradha Reddy, P., Kumaraguru, A., Bhagavatula, J., Gour, D.S., Bhavanishankar, M., Sarkar, M.S., Harika, K., Hussain, S.M., and Shivaji, S. 2012. Tiger presence in a hitherto unsurveyed jungle of India-the Sathyamangalam forests. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):779-787.

Arias, R.M., Heredia-Abarca, G., Sosa, V.J., and Fuentes-Ramírez, L.E. 2012. Diversity and abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spores under different coffee production systems and in a tropical montane cloud forest patch in Veracruz, Mexico. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):179-193.

Bacchetta, G., Brullo, S., Congiu, A., Fenu, G., Garrido, J.L., and Mattana, E. 2012. A new species of Aquilegia (Ranunculaceae) from Sardinia (Italy). Phytotaxa 56:59-64.

Bacchetta, G., Fenu, G., and Mattana, E. 2012. A checklist of the exclusive vascular flora of Sardinia with priority rankings for conservation. An. Jardin Bot. Madrid 69(1):81-89.

Baeten, L., Vangansbeke, P., Hermy, M., Peterken, G., Vanhuyse, K., and Verheyen, K. 2012. Distinguishing between turnover and nestedness in the quantification of biotic homogenization. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1399-1409.

Bagella, S., and Caria, M.C. 2012. Diversity and ecological characteristics of vascular flora in Mediterranean temporary pools. C.R. Biologies 335(1):69-76.

Baider, C., Florens, F.B.V., Rakotoarivelo, F., Bosser, J., and Pailler, T. 2012. Two new records of Jumellea (Orchidaceae) for Mauritius (Mascarene Islands) and their conservation status. Phytotaxa 52:21-28.

Bailey, H., Fossette, S., Bograd, S.J., Shillinger, G.L., Swithenbank, A.M., Georges, J.Y., Gaspar, P., Strömberg, K.H.P., Paladino, F.V., Spotila, J.R., Block, B.A., and Hays, G.C. 2012. Movement patterns for a critically endangered species, the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), linked to foraging success and population status. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36401.

Bakermans, M.H., Rodewald, A.D., Vitz, A.C., and Rengifo, C. 2012. Migratory bird use of shade coffee: the role of structural and floristic features. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):85-94.

Baldwin, B.S., Carpenter, M., Rury, K., and Woodward, E. 2012. Low dissolved ions may limit secondary invasion of inland waters by exotic round gobies and dreissenid mussels in North America. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1157-1175.

Bapat, V.A., Dixit, G.B., and Yadav, S.R. 2012. Plant biodiversity conservation and role of botanists. Curr. Sci. 102(10):1366-1369.

Barber, C.P., Cochrane, M.A., Souza, C., and Verissimo, A. 2012. Dynamic performance assessment of protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):6-14.

Barbieri, C.A., and Dias, A.M.P. 2012. Braconidae (Hymenoptera) fauna in native, degraded and restoration areas of the Vale do Paraiba, São Paulo state, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 72(2):305-310.

Bardhan, S., Jose, S., Biswas, S., Kabir, K., and Rogers, W. 2012. Homegarden agroforestry systems: an intermediary for biodiversity conservation in Bangladesh. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):29-34.

Barnett, A., Abrantes, K.G., Seymour, J., and Fitzpatrick, R. 2012. Residency and spatial use by reef sharks of an isolated seamount and its implications for conservation. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36574.

Barringer, L.E., Tomback, D.F., Wunder, M.B., and McKinney, S.T. 2012. Whitebark pine stand condition, tree abundance, and cone production as predictors of visitation by Clark's nutcracker. PLoS ONE 7(5):e37663.

Barros, L.C., Santos, U., Zanuncio, J.C., and Dergam, J.A. 2012. Plagioscion squamosissimus (Sciaenidae) and Parachromis managuensis (Cichlidae): a threat to native fishes of the Doce River in Minas Gerais, Brazil. PLoS ONE 7(6):e39138.

Barua, M., Gurdak, D.J., Ahmed, R.A., and Tamuly, J. 2012. Selecting flagships for invertebrate conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1457-1476.

Bassett, I.E., Paynter, Q., and Beggs, J.R. 2012. Invertebrate community composition differs between invasive herb alligator weed and native sedges. Acta Oecol. 41:65-73.

Bateman, H.L., and Ostoja, S.M. 2012. Invasive woody plants affect the composition of native lizard and small mammal communities in riparian woodlands. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):294-304.

Baumberger, T., Affre, L., Croze, T., and Mesléard, F. 2012. Habitat requirements and population structure of the rare endangered Limonium girardianum in Mediterranean salt marshes. Flora 207(4):283-293.

Bernazzani, P., Bradley, B.A., and Opperman, J.J. 2012. Integrating climate change into habitat conservation plans under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Environ. Manage. 49(6):1103-1114.

Berthouly-Salazar, C., van Rensburg, B.J., Le Roux, J.J., van Vuuren, B.J., and Hui, C. 2012. Spatial sorting drives morphological variation in the invasive bird, Acridotheris tristis. PLoS ONE 7(5):e38145.

Bhola, N., Ogutu, J.O., Piepho, H.P., Said, M.Y., Reid, R.S., Hobbs, N.T., and Olff, H. 2012. Comparative changes in density and demography of large herbivores in the Masai Mara Reserve and its surrounding human-dominated pastoral ranches in Kenya. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1509-1530.

Bicknell, A.W.J., Knight, M.E., Bilton, D., Reid, J.B., Burke, T., and Votier, S.C. 2012. Population genetic structure and long-distance dispersal among seabird populations: implications for colony persistence. Mol. Ecol. 21(12):2863-2876.

Bilgin, İ.R. 2012. The conservation genetics of three cave-dwelling bat species in southeastern Europe and Anatolia. Turk. J. Zool. 36(3):275-282.

Biondi, E., Casavecchia, S., Pesaresi, S., and Zivkovic, L. 2012. Natura 2000 and the Pan-European Ecological Network: a new methodology for data integration. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1741-1754.

Blumenshine, S.C., Tsukimura, B., Rice, A., and Rudnick, D.A. 2012. Environmental factors influencing the dynamics of Chinese mitten crab zoeae in the San Francisco Bay-Delta. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):111-124.

Bollens, S.M., Breckenridge, J.K., Cordell, J.R., Rollwagen-Bollens, G., and Kalata, O. 2012. Invasive copepods in the Lower Columbia River Estuary: Seasonal abundance, co-occurrence and potential competition with native copepods. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):101-109.

Bradley, B.A., Estes, L.D., Hole, D.G., Holness, S., Oppenheimer, M., Turner, W.R., Beukes, H., Schulze, R.E., Tadross, M.A., and Wilcove, D.S. 2012. Predicting how adaptation to climate change could affect ecological conservation: secondary impacts of shifting agricultural suitability. Divers. Distrib. 18(5):425-437.

Bruno, D., Sánchez-Fernández, D., Millán, A., Ros, R.M., Sánchez-Gómez, P., and Velasco, J. 2012. Assessing the quality and usefulness of different taxonomic groups inventories in a semiarid Mediterranean region. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1561-1575.

Burton, A.C., Sam, M.K., Balangtaa, C., and Brashares, J.S. 2012. Hierarchical multi-species modeling of carnivore responses to hunting, habitat and prey in a West African protected area. PLoS ONE 7(5):e38007.

Cabra-García, J., Bermúdez-Rivas, C., Osorio, A.M., and Chacón, P. 2012. Cross-taxon congruence of α and β diversity among five leaf litter arthropod groups in Colombia. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1493-1508.

Calkins, H.A., Tripp, S.J., and Garvey, J.E. 2012. Linking silver carp habitat selection to flow and phytoplankton in the Mississippi River. Biol. Invasions 14(5):949-958.

Callaway, R.M., Schaffner, U., Thelen, G.C., Khamraev, A., Juginisov, T., and Maron, J.L. 2012. Impact of Acroptilon repens on co-occurring native plants is greater in the invader's non-native range. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1143-1155.

Cardoso, P., Borges, P.A.V., Triantis, K.A., Ferrández, M.A., and Martín, J.L. 2012. The underrepresentation and misrepresentation of invertebrates in the IUCN Red List. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):147-148.

Carnevali, F.C.G., Ortiz, V.P., and Peraza-Flores, L.N. 2012. The "lady in white", a showy new species of Cryptocentrum (Orchidaceae, Maxillariinae) from Colombia. Phytotaxa 56:1-8.

Caro, T., and Sherman, P.W. 2012. Vanishing behaviors. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):159-166.

Carrillo-Gavilán, A., Espelta, J.M., and Vilà, M. 2012. Establishment constraints of an alien and a native conifer in different habitats. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1279-1289.

Carrillo, J., Wang, Y., Ding, J.Q., Klootwyk, K., and Siemann, E. 2012. Decreased indirect defense in the invasive tree, Triadica sebifera. Plant Ecol. 213(6):945-954.

Carter, D.L., and Blair, J.M. 2012. High richness and dense seeding enhance grassland restoration establishment but have little effect on drought response. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1308-1319.

Carwardine, J., O'Connor, T., Legge, S., Mackey, B., Possingham, H.P., and Martin, T.G. 2012. Prioritizing threat management for biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):196-204.

Casini, M., Blenckner, T., Möllmann, C., Gårdmark, A., Lindegren, M., Llope, M., Kornilovs, G., Plikshs, M., and Stenseth, N.C. 2012. Predator transitory spillover induces trophic cascades in ecological sinks. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(21):8185-8189.

Chakrabarty, P., Lam, C., Hardman, J., Aaronson, J., House, P.H., and Janies, D.A. 2012. SpeciesMap: a web-based application for visualizing the overlap of distributions and pollution events, with a list of fishes put at risk by the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1865-1876.

Chan, A. 2012. Anthropomorphism as a conservation tool. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1889-1892.

Chapman, J.W., Dumbauld, B.R., Itani, G., and Markham, J.C. 2012. An introduced Asian parasite threatens northeastern Pacific estuarine ecosystems. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1221-1236.

Choi, R.T., and Beard, K.H. 2012. Coqui frog invasions change invertebrate communities in Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 14(5):939-948.

Chouteau, P., Jiang, Z.G., Bravery, B.D., Cai, J., Li, Z.Q., Pedrono, M., and Pays, O. 2012. Local extinction in the bird assemblage in the greater Beijing area from 1877 to 2006. PLoS ONE 7(6):e39859.

Collen, B., and Böhm, M. 2012. The growing availability of invertebrate extinction risk assessments - a response to Cardoso et al. (October 2011): adapting the IUCN Red List criteria for invertebrates. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):145-146.

Collins, L., Bradstock, R.A., Tasker, E.M., and Whelan, R.J. 2012. Impact of fire regimes, logging and topography on hollows in fallen logs in eucalypt forest of south eastern Australia. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):23-31.

Cooke, B.D. 2012. Rabbits: manageable environmental pests or participants in new Australian ecosystems? Wildlife Res. 39(4):279-289.

Cooling, M., Hartley, S., Sim, D.A., and Lester, P.J. 2012. The widespread collapse of an invasive species: Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) in New Zealand. Biol. Lett. 8(3):430-433.

Costa, P.M.O., Souza-Motta, C.M., and Malosso, E. 2012. Diversity of filamentous fungi in different systems of land use. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):195-203.

Cotten, T.B., Kwiatkowski, M.A., Saenz, D., and Collyer, M. 2012. Effects of an invasive plant, Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera), on development and survival of anuran larvae. J. Herpetol. 46(2):186-193.

Cox, T.E., Philippoff, J., Baumgartner, E., and Smith, C.M. 2012. Expert variability provides perspective on the strengths and weaknesses of citizen-driven intertidal monitoring program. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1201-1212.

Cristescu, R.H., Frère, C., and Banks, P.B. 2012. A review of fauna in mine rehabilitation in Australia: current state and future directions. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):60-72.

Cronin, M.A., Gerritsen, H.D., and Reid, D.G. 2012. Evidence of low spatial overlap between grey seals and a specific whitefish fishery off the west coast of Ireland. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):136-142.

da Silva, F.R., Candeira, C.P., and Rossa-Feres, D.D. 2012. Dependence of anuran diversity on environmental descriptors in farmland ponds. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1411-1424.

Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M., and Johnston, E.L. 2012. Comparing the invasibility of experimental "reefs" with field observations of natural reefs and artificial structures. PLoS ONE 7(5):e38124.

Dalang, T., and Hersperger, A.M. 2012. Trading connectivity improvement for area loss in patch-based biodiversity reserve networks. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):116-125.

Darlong, L., and Bhattacharyya, D. 2012. Some lianas in Tripura, India, demand urgent conservation efforts. Curr. Sci. 102(9):1246.

de Iongh, H.H. 2012. The impact of trophy hunting on lions (Panthera leo) and other large carnivores in the Benoue Complex, northern Cameroon. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):144.

de la Peña-Cuéllar, E., Stoner, K.E., Avila-Cabadilla, L.D., Martínez-Ramos, M., and Estrada, A. 2012. Phyllostomid bat assemblages in different successional stages of tropical rain forest in Chiapas, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1381-1397.

de Oliveira, M.I.U., Funch, L.S., and Landrum, L.R. 2012. On the taxonomic identity and conservation status of Campomanesia ilhoensis Mattos and C. viatoris Landrum (Myrtaceae). Acta Bot. Bras. 26(2):512-515.

DeCesare, N.J., Hebblewhite, M., Schmiegelow, F., Hervieux, D., McDermid, G.J., Neufeld, L., Bradley, M., Whittington, J., Smith, K.G., Morgantini, L.E., Wheatley, M., and Musiani, M. 2012. Transcending scale dependence in identifying habitat with resource selection functions. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1068-1083.

del Pozo, R., Fernández-Aláez, M., and Fernández-Aláez, C. 2012. Composition of the macrophyte communities and determination of the conservation state of ponds and lagoons in the Duero Basin (Northwest Spain) based on botanical criteria. Limnetica 31(1):47-58.

Delnatte, C., and Meyer, J.Y. 2012. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). Biol. Invasions 14(5):915-927.

DesGranges, J.L., and LeBlanc, M.L. 2012. The influence of summer climate on avian community composition in the eastern boreal forest of Canada. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 7(1):2.

Docker, M.F., Mandrak, N.E., and Heath, D.D. 2012. Contemporary gene flow between "paired" silver (Ichthyomyzon unicuspis) and northern brook (I. fossor) lampreys: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):823-835.

Dolgener, N., Schroder, C., Schneeweiss, N., and Tiedemann, R. 2012. Genetic population structure of the Fire-bellied toad Bombina bombina in an area of high population density: implications for conservation. Hydrobiologia 689(1):111-120.

Dong, B.C., Alpert, P., Guo, W., and Yu, F.H. 2012. Effects of fragmentation on the survival and growth of the invasive, clonal plant Alternanthera philoxeroides. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1101-1110.

Driscoll, D.A., Smith, A.L., Blight, S., and Maindonald, J. 2012. Reptile responses to fire and the risk of post-disturbance sampling bias. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1607-1625.

Dunstan, P.K., Althaus, F., Williams, A., and Bax, N.J. 2012. Characterising and predicting benthic biodiversity for conservation planning in deepwater environments. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36558.

Eeva, T., Belskii, E., Gilyazov, A.S., and Kozlov, M.V. 2012. Pollution impacts on bird population density and species diversity at four non-ferrous smelter sites. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):33-41.

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Essington, T.E., Melnychuk, M.C., Branch, T.A., Heppell, S.S., Jensen, O.P., Link, J.S., Martell, S.J.D., Parma, A.M., Pope, J.G., and Smith, A.D.M. 2012. Catch shares, fisheries, and ecological stewardship: a comparative analysis of resource responses to a rights-based policy instrument. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):186-195.

Evans, D.M., Barnard, P., Koh, L.P., Chapman, C.A., Altwegg, R., Garner, T.W.J., Gompper, M.E., Gordon, I.J., Katzner, T.E., and Pettorelli, N. 2012. Funding nature conservation: who pays? Anim. Conserv. 15(3):215-216.

Evans, D.M., Turley, N.E., Levey, D.J., and Tewksbury, J.J. 2012. Habitat patch shape, not corridors, determines herbivory and fruit production of an annual plant. Ecology 93(5):1016-1025.

Evans, K.L., Newton, J., Mallord, J.W., and Markman, S. 2012. Stable isotope analysis provides new information on winter habitat use of declining avian migrants that is relevant to their conservation. PLoS ONE 7(4):e34542.

Faith, J.T. 2012. Palaeozoological insights into management options for a threatened mammal: southern Africa's Cape mountain zebra (Equus zebra zebra). Divers. Distrib. 18(5):438-447.

Fattorini, S., Dennis, R.L.H., and Cook, L.M. 2012. Use of cross-taxon congruence for hotspot identification at a regional scale. PLoS ONE 7(6):e40018.

Fernández-Olalla, M., Martínez-Abraín, A., Canut, J., García-Ferré, D., Afonso, I., and González, L.M. 2012. Assessing different management scenarios to reverse the declining trend of a relict capercaillie population: a modelling approach within an adaptive management framework. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):79-87.

Fischer, J., Hartel, T., and Kuemmerle, T. 2012. Conservation policy in traditional farming landscapes. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):167-175.

Fitzsimons, J.D., Bowen, K., Brousseau, C., Dalton, A., MacVeigh, B., Johnson, T.B., and Yuille, M. 2012. Round goby predation on Hemimysis anomala. J. Great Lakes Res. 38:79-85.

Flory, A.R., Kumar, S., Stohlgren, T.J., and Cryan, P.M. 2012. Environmental conditions associated with bat white-nose syndrome mortality in the north-eastern United States. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):680-689.

Forcada, J., Trathan, P.N., Boveng, P.L., Boyd, I.L., Burns, J.M., Costa, D.P., Fedak, M., Rogers, T.L., and Southwell, C.J. 2012. Responses of Antarctic pack-ice seals to environmental change and increasing krill fishing. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):40-50.

Forrest, J.L., Wikramanayake, E., Shrestha, R., Areendran, G., Gyeltshen, K., Maheshwari, A., Mazumdar, S., Naidoo, R., Thapa, G.J., and Thapa, K. 2012. Conservation and climate change: assessing the vulnerability of snow leopard habitat to treeline shift in the Himalaya. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):129-135.

Fox, T.A., Hugenholtz, C.H., Bender, D., and Gates, C.C. 2012. Can bison play a role in conserving habitat for endangered sandhills species in Canada? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1441-1455.

Franklin, K. 2012. The remarkable resilience of ant assemblages following major vegetation change in an arid ecosystem. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):96-105.

Gallardo, B., Errea, M.P., and Aldridge, D.C. 2012. Application of bioclimatic models coupled with network analysis for risk assessment of the killer shrimp, Dikerogammarus villosus, in Great Britain. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1265-1278.

Gibbs, K.E., and Currie, D.J. 2012. Protecting endangered species: do the main legislative tools work? PLoS ONE 7(5):e35730.

Gimona, A., Poggio, L., Brown, I., and Castellazzi, M. 2012. Woodland networks in a changing climate: threats from land use change. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):93-102.

Gippoliti, S. 2012. Ex situ conservation programmes in European zoological gardens: can we afford to lose them? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1359-1364.

Good, M.K., Price, J.N., Clarke, P.J., and Reid, N. 2012. Dense regeneration of floodplain Eucalyptus coolabah: invasive scrub or passive restoration of an endangered woodland community? Rangeland J. 34(2):219-230.

Graham, R.T., Witt, M.J., Castellanos, D.W., Remolina, F., Maxwell, S., Godley, B.J., and Hawkes, L.A. 2012. Satellite tracking of manta rays highlights challenges to their conservation. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36834.

Green, J.M.H., Burgess, N.D., Green, R.E., Madoffe, S.S., Munishi, P.K.T., Nashanda, E., Turner, R.K., and Balmford, A. 2012. Estimating management costs of protected areas: a novel approach from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):5-14.

Griffiths, C.J., Zuël, N., Tatayah, V., Jones, C.G., Griffiths, O., and Harris, S. 2012. The welfare implications of using exotic tortoises as ecological replacements. PLoS ONE 7(6):e39395.

Groves, C.R., Game, E.T., Anderson, M.G., Cross, M., Enquist, C., Ferdaña, Z., Girvetz, E., Gondor, A., Hall, K.R., Higgins, J., Marshall, R., Popper, K., Schill, S., and Shafer, S.L. 2012. Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1651-1671.

Gruber, B.L., Gonzalez, S.A.A., Badra, P.J., and Herbert, M.E. 2012. Distribution and habitat of unionid mussels and invasive sea lamprey larvae in the Paw Paw River, a tributary of Lake Michigan. Freshwater Biol. 57(6):1293-1305.

Gubbi, S. 2012. Patterns and correlates of human-elephant conflict around a south Indian reserve. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):88-95.

Guenard, B., Weiser, M.D., and Dunn, R.R. 2012. Global models of ant diversity suggest regions where new discoveries are most likely are under disproportionate deforestation threat. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(19):7368-7373.

Guerier, A.S., Bishop, J.M., Crawford, S.J., Schmidt-Kuntzel, A., and Stratford, K.J. 2012. Parentage analysis in a managed free ranging population of southern white rhinoceros: genetic diversity, pedigrees and management. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):811-822.

Guillem, R.M., Drijfhout, F.P., and Martin, S.J. 2012. Using chemo-taxonomy of host ants to help conserve the large blue butterfly. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):39-43.

Gustafson, R.G., Ford, M.J., Adams, P.B., Drake, J.S., Emmett, R.L., Fresh, K.L., Rowse, M., Spangler, E.A.K., Spangler, R.E., Teel, D.J., and Wilson, M.T. 2012. Conservation status of eulachon in the California Current. Fish Fish. 13(2):121-138.

Harris, D.B., Gregory, S.D., Bull, L.S., and Courchamp, F. 2012. Island prioritization for invasive rodent eradications with an emphasis on reinvasion risk. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1251-1263.

Hayes, W.K., Iverson, J.B., Knapp, C.R., and Carter, R.L. 2012. Do invasive rodents impact endangered insular iguana populations? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1893-1899.

He, F.L. 2012. Area-based assessment of extinction risk. Ecology 93(5):974-980.

He, H., and Chen, J. 2012. Educational and enjoyment benefits of visitor education centers at botanical gardens. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):103-112.

Heard, G.W., Scroggie, M.P., and Malone, B.S. 2012. Classical metapopulation theory as a useful paradigm for the conservation of an endangered amphibian. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):156-166.

Hedges, S.B., and Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288:1-244.

Hejda, M. 2012. What is the impact of Impatiens parviflora on diversity and composition of herbal layer communities of temperate forests? PLoS ONE 7(6):e39571.

Henriette, E., and Rocamora, G. 2012. Survival rates of a tropical island endemic following conservation introduction on a rehabilitated island: the case of the endangered Seychelles White-eye. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 67(2):223-236.

Henry, P., Sim, Z.J., and Russello, M.A. 2012. Genetic evidence for restricted dispersal along continuous altitudinal gradients in a climate change-sensitive mammal: the American pika. PLoS ONE 7(6):e39077.

Hermoso, V., Kennard, M.J., and Linke, S. 2012. Integrating multidirectional connectivity requirements in systematic conservation planning for freshwater systems. Divers. Distrib. 18(5):448-458.

Hirai, M., Kubo, N., Ohsako, T., and Utsumi, T. 2012. Genetic diversity of the endangered coastal violet Viola grayi Franchet et Savatier (Violaceae) and its genetic relationship to the species in subsection Rostratae. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):837-848.

Hof, A.R., Jansson, R., and Nilsson, C. 2012. How biotic interactions may alter future predictions of species distributions: future threats to the persistence of the arctic fox in Fennoscandia. Divers. Distrib. 18(6):554-562.

Holland, R.A., Darwall, W.R.T., and Smith, K.G. 2012. Conservation priorities for freshwater biodiversity: the Key Biodiversity Area approach refined and tested for continental Africa. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):167-179.

Houston, D.D., Evans, R.P., and Shiozawa, D.K. 2012. Evaluating the genetic status of a Great Basin endemic minnow: the relict dace (Relictus solitarius). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):727-742.

Howe, C., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2012. Evaluating indices of conservation success: a comparative analysis of outcome- and output-based indices. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):217-226.

Howe, C., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2012. The view from the office is not all bad: conservation evaluation as a 'sexy' research goal. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):231-232.

Huang, S.L., Hao, Y.J., Mei, Z.G., Turvey, S.T., and Wang, D. 2012. Common pattern of population decline for freshwater cetacean species in deteriorating habitats. Freshwater Biol. 57(6):1266-1276.

Hudewenz, A., Klein, A.M., Scherber, C., Stanke, L., Tscharntke, T., Vogel, A., Weigelt, A., Weisser, W.W., and Ebeling, A. 2012. Herbivore and pollinator responses to grassland management intensity along experimental changes in plant species richness. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):42-52.

Hughes, R.M., and Herlihy, A.T. 2012. Patterns in catch per unit effort of native prey fish and alien piscivorous fish in 7 Pacific Northwest USA rivers. Fisheries 37(5):201-211.

Hugo, S., Van Rensburg, B.J., Van Wyk, A.E., and Steenkamp, Y. 2012. Alien phytogeographic regions of southern Africa: numerical classification, possible drivers, and regional threats. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36269.

Hurtado, L.A., Santamaria, C.A., and Fitzgerald, L.A. 2012. Conservation genetics of the Critically Endangered Saint Croix ground lizard (Ameiva polops Cope 1863). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):665-679.

Hutchings, J.A., Myers, R.A., García, V.B., Lucifora, L.O., and Kuparinen, A. 2012. Life-history correlates of extinction risk and recovery potential. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1061-1067.

Illoldi-Rangel, P., Ciarleglio, M., Sheinvar, L., Linaje, M., Sánchez-Cordero, V., and Sarkar, S. 2012. Opuntia in México: identifying priority areas for conserving biodiversity in a multi-use landscape. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36650.

Imhoff, E.M., Moore, M.J., and DiStefano, R.J. 2012. Introduced alien ringed crayfish (Orconectes neglectus neglectus Faxon, 1885 ) threaten imperiled coldwater crayfish (Orconectes eupunctus Williams, 1952) in the Eleven Point River drainage, Missouri, USA. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):129-134.

Ims, R.A., and Henden, J.A. 2012. Collapse of an arctic bird community resulting from ungulate-induced loss of erect shrubs. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):2-5.

Iwai, N., and Shoda-Kagaya, E. 2012. Population structure of an endangered frog (Babina subaspera) endemic to the Amami Islands: possible impacts of invasive predators on gene flow. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):717-725.

Jaimez, N.A., Bribiescas, R.G., Aronsen, G.P., Anestis, S.A., and Watts, D.P. 2012. Urinary cortisol levels of gray-cheeked mangabeys are higher in disturbed compared to undisturbed forest areas in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):242-247.

Jerde, C.L., Barnes, M.A., DeBuysser, E.K., Noveroske, A., Chadderton, W.L., and Lodge, D.M. 2012. Eurasian watermilfoil fitness loss and invasion potential following desiccation during simulated overland transport. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):135-142.

Johnson, F.A., Walters, M.A.H., and Boomer, G.S. 2012. Allowable levels of take for the trade in Nearctic songbirds. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1114-1130.

Johnson, M.F., Kanderian, N., Shank, C.C., Rahmani, H., Lawson, D., and Smallwood, P. 2012. Setting priorities for protected area planning in a conflict zone - Afghanistan's National Protected Area System Plan. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):146-155.

Jones, J.P.G. 2012. Getting what you pay for: the challenge of measuring success in conservation. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):227-228.

Joppa, L.N., and Hutton, J. 2012. Trophy hunting of lions in West Africa. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):143.

Jordaan, L.A., Johnson, S.D., and Downs, C.T. 2012. Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat (Epomophorus wahlbergi) as a potential dispersal agent for fleshy-fruited invasive alien plants: effects of handling behaviour on seed germination. Biol. Invasions 14(5):959-968.

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Kaffashi, S., Shamsudin, M.N., Radam, A., Yacob, M.R., Rahim, K.A., and Yazid, M. 2012. Economic valuation and conservation: do people vote for better preservation of Shadegan International Wetland? Biol. Conserv. 150(1):150-158.

Kampichler, C., van Turnhout, C.A.M., Devictor, V., and van der Jeugd, H.P. 2012. Large-scale changes in community composition: determining land use and climate change signals. PLoS ONE 7(4):e35272.

Karamanlidis, A.A., Straka, M., Drosopoulou, E., Hernando, M.D., Kocijan, I., Paule, L., and Scouras, Z. 2012. Genetic diversity, structure, and size of an endangered brown bear population threatened by highway construction in the Pindos Mountains, Greece. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 58(3):511-522.

Karatayev, A.Y., Claudi, R., and Lucy, F.E. 2012. History of Dreissena research and the ICAIS gateway to aquatic invasions science. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):1-5.

Kerley, G.I.H., Kowalczyk, R., and Cromsigt, J.P.G.M. 2012. Conservation implications of the refugee species concept and the European bison: king of the forest or refugee in a marginal habitat? Ecography 35(6):519-529.

Khan, Z., Santpere, G., and Traveset, A. 2012. Breeding system and ecological traits of the critically endangered endemic plant Limonium barceloi (Gil and Llorens) (Plumbaginaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 298(6):1101-1110.

Kiernan, J.D., and Moyle, P.B. 2012. Flows, droughts, and aliens: factors affecting the fish assemblage in a Sierra Nevada, California, stream. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1146-1161.

Kirk, D.A., Welsh, D.A., Baker, J.A., Thompson, I.D., and Csizy, M. 2012. Avian assemblages differ between old-growth and mature white pine forests of Ontario, Canada: a role for supercanopy trees? Avian Conserv. Ecol. 7(1):4.

Klank, C., Ghazoul, J., and Pluess, A.R. 2012. Genetic variation and plant performance in fragmented populations of globeflowers (Trollius europaeus) within agricultural landscapes. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):873-884.

Klein, C.J., Jupiter, S.D., Selig, E.R., Watts, M.E., Halpern, B.S., Kamal, M., Roelfsema, C., and Possingham, H.P. 2012. Forest conservation delivers highly variable coral reef conservation outcomes. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1246-1256.

Knip, D.M., Heupel, M.R., and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2012. Evaluating marine protected areas for the conservation of tropical coastal sharks. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):200-209.

Kopatz, A., Eiken, H.G., Hagen, S.B., Ruokonen, M., Esparza-Salas, R., Schregel, J., Kojola, I., Smith, M., Wartiainen, I., Aspholm, P., Wikan, S., Rykov, A.M., Makarova, O., Polikarpova, N., Tirronen, K.F., Danilov, P.I., and Aspi, J. 2012. Connectivity and population subdivision at the fringe of a large brown bear (Ursus arctos) population in North Western Europe. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):681-692.

Kross, S.M., Tylianakis, J.M., and Nelson, X.J. 2012. Translocation of threatened New Zealand falcons to vineyards increases nest attendance, brooding and feeding rates. PLoS ONE 7(6):e38679.

Kudavidanage, E.P., Wanger, T.C., de Alwis, C., Sanjeewa, S., and Kotagama, S.W. 2012. Amphibian and butterfly diversity across a tropical land-use gradient in Sri Lanka; implications for conservation decision making. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):253-265.

Kuehne, L.M., and Olden, J.D. 2012. Prey naivety in the behavioural responses of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) to an invasive predator. Freshwater Biol. 57(6):1126-1137.

Kutt, A.S., and Kemp, J.E. 2012. Native plant diversity in tropical savannas decreases when exotic pasture grass cover increases. Rangeland J. 34(2):183-189.

Kutt, A.S., Vanderduys, E.P., Ferguson, D., and Mathieson, M. 2012. Effect of small-scale woodland clearing and thinning on vertebrate fauna in a largely intact tropical savanna mosaic. Wildlife Res. 39(4):366-373.

Lantry, B.F., Gumtow, C.F., Walsh, M.G., Weidel, B.C., Boscarino, B.T., and Rudstam, L.G. 2012. Seasonal consumption of Hemimysis anomala by fish in Southeastern Lake Ontario, 2009-2010. J. Great Lakes Res. 38:73-78.

Larsen, F.W., Turner, W.R., and Brooks, T.M. 2012. Conserving critical sites for biodiversity provides disproportionate benefits to people. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36971.

Latta, S.C. 2012. Avian research in the Caribbean: past contributions and current priorities. J. Field Ornithol. 83(2):107-121.

Laurance, S.G.W., Baider, C., Florens, F.B.V., Ramrekha, S., Sevathian, J.C., and Hammond, D.S. 2012. Drivers of wetland disturbance and biodiversity impacts on a tropical oceanic island. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):136-142.

Lawson, C.R., Bennie, J.J., Thomas, C.D., Hodgson, J.A., and Wilson, R.J. 2012. Local and landscape management of an expanding range margin under climate change. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):552-561.

Leal, I.R., Filgueiras, B.K.C., Gomes, J.P., Iannuzzi, L., and Andersen, A.N. 2012. Effects of habitat fragmentation on ant richness and functional composition in Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1687-1701.

Leigh, K.A., Zenger, K.R., Tammen, I., and Raadsma, H.W. 2012. Loss of genetic diversity in an outbreeding species: small population effects in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):767-777.

Lemer, S., and Planes, S. 2012. Translocation of wild populations: conservation implications for the genetic diversity of the black-lipped pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera. Mol. Ecol. 21(12):2949-2962.

Lenda, M., Skórka, P., Moroń, D., Rosin, Z.M., and Tryjanowski, P. 2012. The importance of the gravel excavation industry for the conservation of grassland butterflies. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):180-190.

Lentini, P.E., Martin, T.G., Gibbons, P., Fischer, J., and Cunningham, S.A. 2012. Supporting wild pollinators in a temperate agricultural landscape: maintaining mosaics of natural features and production. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):84-92.

Letnic, M., Fillios, M., and Crowther, M.S. 2012. Could direct killing by larger dingoes have caused the extinction of the thylacine from mainland Australia? PLoS ONE 7(5):e34877.

Li, F.Q., Cai, Q.H., Jiang, W.X., and Qu, X.D. 2012. The response of benthic macroinvertebrate communities to climate change: evidence from subtropical mountain streams in Central China. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 97(3):200-214.

Li, J.M., Jin, Z.X., and Song, W.J. 2012. Do native parasitic plants cause more damage to exotic invasive hosts than native non-invasive hosts? An implication for biocontrol. PLoS ONE 7(4):e34577.

Li, Y.Y., Tsang, E.P.K., Cui, M.Y., and Chen, X.Y. 2012. Too early to call it success: an evaluation of the natural regeneration of the endangered Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):1-4.

Liebich, V., Stehouwer, P.P., and Veldhuis, M. 2012. Re-growth of potential invasive phytoplankton following UV-based ballast water treatment. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):29-36.

Liermann, C.R., Nilsson, C., Robertson, J., and Ng, R.Y. 2012. Implications of dam obstruction for global freshwater fish diversity. BioScience 62(6):539-548.

Lin, L.H., Qu, Y.F., Li, H., Zhou, K.Y., and Ji, X. 2012. Genetic structure and demographic history should inform conservation: Chinese cobras currently treated as homogenous show population divergence. PLoS ONE 7(4):e36334.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Northrop-Mackie, A.R., Montague-Drake, R., Crane, M., Michael, D., Okada, S., and Gibbons, P. 2012. Not all kinds of revegetation are created equal: revegetation type influences bird assemblages in threatened Australian woodland ecosystems. PLoS ONE 7(4):e34527.

Ling, S.D., and Johnson, C.R. 2012. Marine reserves reduce risk of climate-driven phase shift by reinstating size- and habitat-specific trophic interactions. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1232-1245.

Liu, H., Feng, C.L., Chen, B.S., Wang, Z.S., Xie, X.Q., Deng, Z.H., Wei, X.L., Liu, S.Y., Zhang, Z.B., and Luo, Y.B. 2012. Overcoming extreme weather challenges: successful but variable assisted colonization of wild orchids in southwestern China. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):68-75.

Llaneza, L., López-Bao, J.V., and Sazatornil, V. 2012. Insights into wolf presence in human-dominated landscapes: the relative role of food availability, humans and landscape attributes. Divers. Distrib. 18(5):459-469.

Llewellyn, D., Thompson, M.B., Brown, G.P., Phillips, B.L., and Shine, R. 2012. Reduced investment in immune function in invasion-front populations of the cane toad (Rhinella marina) in Australia. Biol. Invasions 14(5):999-1008.

Lloyd, M.W., Burnett, R.K., Engelhardt, K.A.M., and Neel, M.C. 2012. Does genetic diversity of restored sites differ from natural sites? A comparison of Vallisneria americana (Hydrocharitaceae) populations within the Chesapeake Bay. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):753-765.

Lodge, D.M., Turner, C.R., Jerde, C.L., Barnes, M.A., Chadderton, L., Egan, S.P., Feder, J.L., Mahon, A.R., and Pfrender, M.E. 2012. Conservation in a cup of water: estimating biodiversity and population abundance from environmental DNA. Mol. Ecol. 21(11):2555-2558.

Long, J.M., Nibbelink, N.P., McAbee, K.T., and Stahli, J.W. 2012. Assessment of freshwater fish assemblages and their habitats in the National Park Service system of the southeastern United States. Fisheries 37(5):212-225.

Longland, W.S. 2012. Small mammals in saltcedar (Tamarix ramosissima)-invaded and native riparian habitats of the western Great Basin. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 5(2):230-237.

López-López, P., Sarà, M., and Di Vittorio, M. 2012. Living on the edge: assessing the extinction risk of critically endangered Bonelli's eagle in Italy. PLoS ONE 7(5):e37862.

Lopez-Toledo, L., Ibarra-Manríquez, G., Burslem, D.F.R.P., Martínez-Salas, E., Pineda-García, F., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2012. Protecting a single endangered species and meeting multiple conservation goals: an approach with Guaiacum sanctum in Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Divers. Distrib. 18(6):575-587.

Louzao, M., Delord, K., García, D., Boué, A., and Weimerskirch, H. 2012. Protecting persistent dynamic oceanographic features: transboundary conservation efforts are needed for the critically endangered Balearic shearwater. PLoS ONE 7(5):e35728.

Lugo, A.E., Carlo, T.A., and Wunderle, J.M. 2012. Natural mixing of species: novel plant-animal communities on Caribbean Islands. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):233-241.

MacDonald, M.A., Cobbold, G., Mathews, F., Denny, M.J.H., Walker, L.K., Grice, P.V., and Anderson, G.Q.A. 2012. Effects of agri-environment management for cirl buntings on other biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1477-1492.

MacDonald, M.A., Maniakowski, M., Cobbold, G., Grice, P.V., and Anderson, G.Q.A. 2012. Effects of agri-environment management for stone curlews on other biodiversity. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):134-145.

Maloney, K.O., Lellis, W.A., Bennett, R.M., and Waddle, T.J. 2012. Habitat persistence for sedentary organisms in managed rivers: the case for the federally endangered dwarf wedgemussel (Alasmidonta heterodon) in the Delaware River. Freshwater Biol. 57(6):1315-1327.

Manoel, R.O., Alves, P.F., Dourado, C.L., Gaino, A., Freitas, M.L.M., Moraes, M.L.T., and Sebbenn, A.M. 2012. Contemporary pollen flow, mating patterns and effective population size inferred from paternity analysis in a small fragmented population of the Neotropical tree Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):613-623.

Marcot, B.G., Allen, C.S., Morey, S., Shively, D., and White, R. 2012. An expert panel approach to assessing potential effects of bull trout reintroduction on federally listed salmonids in the Clackamas River, Oregon. North Am. J. Fish. Manag. 32(3):450-465.

Marignani, M., and Blasi, C. 2012. Looking for important plant areas: selection based on criteria, complementarity, or both? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1853-1864.

Martin, J., Revilla, E., Quenette, P.Y., Naves, J., Allainé, D., and Swenson, J.E. 2012. Brown bear habitat suitability in the Pyrenees: transferability across sites and linking scales to make the most of scarce data. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):621-631.

Marushia, R.G., Brooks, M.L., and Holt, J.S. 2012. Phenology, growth, and fecundity as determinants of distribution in closely related nonnative taxa. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 5(2):217-229.

Masoodi, A., and Khan, F.A. 2012. Invasion of alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) in Wular Lake, Kashmir, India. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):143-146.

Mazzoni, L.G., Esser, D., Dutra, E.D., Perillo, A., and Morais, R. 2012. New records of the Forbes's Blackbird Curaeus forbesi (Sclater, 1886) in the state of Minas Gerais, with comments on its conservation. Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 20(1):44-47.

McGregor, K.F., Watt, M.S., Hulme, P.E., and Duncan, R.P. 2012. How robust is the Australian Weed Risk Assessment protocol? A test using pine invasions in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Biol. Invasions 14(5):987-998.

McMahon, B., Johansson, M.P., Piertney, S.B., Buckley, K., and Höglund, J. 2012. Genetic variation among endangered Irish red grouse (Lagopus lagopus hibernicus) populations: implications for conservation and management. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):639-647.

McPhee, M.E., and McPhee, N.F. 2012. Relaxed selection and environmental change decrease reintroduction success in simulated populations. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):274-282.

Mech, L.D. 2012. Is science in danger of sanctifying the wolf? Biol. Conserv. 150(1):143-149.

Melero, Y., Plaza, M., Santulli, G., Saavedra, D., Gosàlbez, J., Ruiz-Olmo, J., and Palazón, S. 2012. Evaluating the effect of American mink, an alien invasive species, on the abundance of a native community: is coexistence possible? Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1795-1809.

Memariani, F., Joharchi, M.R., and Arjmandi, A.A. 2012. Allium aladaghense (Amaryllidaceae, Allieae), a new species of section Asteroprason from northeast of Iran. Phytotaxa 56:28-34.

Merckx, T., Feber, R.E., Hoare, D.J., Parsons, M.S., Kelly, C.J., Bourn, N.A.D., and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Conserving threatened Lepidoptera: towards an effective woodland management policy in landscapes under intense human land-use. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):32-39.

Milko, L.V. 2012. Integrating museum and GIS data to identify changes in species distributions driven by a disturbance-induced invasion. Copeia 2:307-320.

Miller, J.S., Porter-Morgan, H.A., Stevens, H., Boom, B., Krupnick, G.A., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Fleming, J., and Gensler, M. 2012. Addressing target two of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation by rapidly identifying plants at risk. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1877-1887.

Mokhatla, M.M., Measey, G.J., Chimimba, C.T., and van Rensburg, B.J. 2012. A biogeographical assessment of anthropogenic threats to areas where different frog breeding groups occur in South Africa: implications for anuran conservation. Divers. Distrib. 18(5):470-480.

Molinari-Jobin, A., Kéry, M., Marboutin, E., Molinari, P., Koren, I., Fuxjäger, C., Breitenmoser-Würsten, C., Wölfl, S., Fasel, M., Kos, I., Wölfl, M., and Breitenmoser, U. 2012. Monitoring in the presence of species misidentification: the case of the Eurasian lynx in the Alps. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):266-273.

Moncada, F.G., Hawkes, L.A., Fish, M.R., Godley, B.J., Manolis, S.C., Medina, Y., Nodarse, G., and Webb, G.J.W. 2012. Patterns of dispersal of hawksbill turtles from the Cuban shelf inform scale of conservation and management. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):191-199.

Montgomery, W.I., Lundy, M.G., and Reid, N. 2012. 'Invasional meltdown': evidence for unexpected consequences and cumulative impacts of multispecies invasions. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1111-1125.

Moreau, G., Fortin, D., Couturier, S., and Duchesne, T. 2012. Multi-level functional responses for wildlife conservation: the case of threatened caribou in managed boreal forests. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):611-620.

Morecroft, M.D., Crick, H.Q.P., Duffield, S.J., and Macgregor, N.A. 2012. Resilience to climate change: translating principles into practice. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):547-551.

Moreira, F., Silva, J.P., Estanque, B., Palmeirim, J.M., Lecoq, M., Pinto, M., Leitão, D., Alonso, I., Pedroso, R., Santos, E., Catry, T., Silva, P., Henriques, I., and Delgado, A. 2012. Mosaic-level inference of the impact of land cover changes in agricultural landscapes on biodiversity: a case-study with a threatened grassland bird. PLoS ONE 7(6):e38876.

Moreno-Opo, R., Margalida, A., García, F., Arredondo, Á., Rodríguez, C., and González, L.M. 2012. Linking sanitary and ecological requirements in the management of avian scavengers: effectiveness of fencing against mammals in supplementary feeding sites. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1673-1685.

Mortenson, S.G., Weisberg, P.J., and Stevens, L.E. 2012. The influence of floods and precipitation on Tamarix establishment in Grand Canyon, Arizona: consequences for flow regime restoration. Biol. Invasions 14(5):1061-1076.

Moslemi, J.M., Snider, S.B., MacNeill, K., Gilliam, J.F., and Flecker, A.S. 2012. Impacts of an invasive snail (Tarebia granifera) on nutrient cycling in tropical streams: the role of riparian deforestation in Trinidad, West Indies. PLoS ONE 7(6):e38806.

Moyer, G.R., and Díaz-Ferguson, E. 2012. Identification of endangered Alabama lampmussel (Lampsilis virescens) specimens collected in the Emory river, Tennessee, USA via DNA barcoding. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):885-889.

Mushet, D.M., Euliss, N.H., and Stockwell, C.A. 2012. Mapping anuran habitat suitability to estimate effects of grassland and wetland conservation programs. Copeia 2:321-330.

Negash, M., Yirdaw, E., and Luukkanen, O. 2012. Potential of indigenous multistrata agroforests for maintaining native floristic diversity in the south-eastern Rift Valley escarpment, Ethiopia. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):9-28.

Neita, J.C., and Escobar, F. 2012. The potential value of agroforestry to dung beetle diversity in the wet tropical forests of the Pacific lowlands of Colombia. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):121-131.

Newton, A.C., Hodder, K., Cantarello, E., Perrella, L., Birch, J.C., Robins, J., Douglas, S., Moody, C., and Cordingley, J. 2012. Cost-benefit analysis of ecological networks assessed through spatial analysis of ecosystem services. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):571-580.

Norris, C., Hobson, P., and Ibisch, P.L. 2012. Microclimate and vegetation function as indicators of forest thermodynamic efficiency. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):562-570.

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Ochoa-Ochoa, L.M., Rodríguez, P., Mora, F., Flores-Villela, O., and Whittaker, R.J. 2012. Climate change and amphibian diversity patterns in Mexico. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):94-102.

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Pinheiro, R.T., Dornas, T., Leite, G.A., Crozariol, M.A., Marcelino, D.G., and Corrêa, A.G. 2012. Kaempfer's Woodpecker Celeus obrieni: new records and conservation status in the state of Goiás, Central Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 20(1):59-64.

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Poulos, H.M., Chernoff, B., Fuller, P.L., and Butman, D. 2012. Ensemble forecasting of potential habitat for three invasive fishes. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):59-72.

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Prescott, G.W., Johnson, P.J., Loveridge, A.J., and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Does change in IUCN status affect demand for African bovid trophies? Anim. Conserv. 15(3):248-252.

Prober, S.M., Hilbert, D.W., Ferrier, S., Dunlop, M., and Gobbett, D. 2012. Combining community-level spatial modelling and expert knowledge to inform climate adaptation in temperate grassy eucalypt woodlands and related grasslands. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1627-1650.

Proctor, E., Nol, E., Burke, D., and Crins, W.J. 2012. Responses of insect pollinators and understory plants to silviculture in northern hardwood forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(7):1703-1740.

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Raposeiro, P.M., Cruz, A.M., Hughes, S.J., and Costa, A.C. 2012. Azorean freshwater invertebrates: status, threats and biogeographic notes. Limnetica 31(1):13-22.

Rasmussen, A.R., Elmberg, J., Sanders, K.L., and Gravlund, P. 2012. Rediscovery of the rare sea snake Hydrophis parviceps Smith 1935: identification and conservation status. Copeia 2:276-282.

Read, K.D., Lemay, M.A., Acheson, S., and Boulding, E.G. 2012. Using molecular pedigree reconstruction to evaluate the long-term survival of outplanted hatchery-reared larval and juvenile northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):801-810.

Regueira, R.F.S., and Bernard, E. 2012. Wildlife sinks: quantifying the impact of illegal bird trade in street markets in Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):16-22.

Remeš, V., Matysioková, B., and Cockburn, A. 2012. Nest predation in New Zealand songbirds: exotic predators, introduced prey and long-term changes in predation risk. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):54-60.

Reynolds, M.H., Hatfield, J.S., Laniawe, L.P., Vekasy, M.S., Klavitter, J.L., Berkowitz, P., Crampton, L.H., and Walters, J.R. 2012. Influence of space use on fitness and the reintroduction success of the Laysan teal. Anim. Conserv. 15(3):305-317.

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Ribeiro, S., Amorim, A., Andersen, T.J., Abrantes, F., and Ellegaard, M. 2012. Reconstructing the history of an invasion: the toxic phytoplankton species Gymnodinium catenatum in the Northeast Atlantic. Biol. Invasions 14(5):969-985.

Ricciardi, A., Avlijas, S., and Marty, J. 2012. Forecasting the ecological impacts of the Hemimysis anomala invasion in North America: lessons from other freshwater mysid introductions. J. Great Lakes Res. 38:7-13.

Riley, A.J., and Dodds, W.K. 2012. The expansion of woody riparian vegetation, and subsequent stream restoration, influences the metabolism of prairie streams. Freshwater Biol. 57(6):1138-1150.

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Roche, L.M., Latimer, A.M., Eastburn, D.J., and Tate, K.W. 2012. Cattle grazing and conservation of a meadow-dependent amphibian species in the Sierra Nevada. PLoS ONE 7(4):e35734.

Rodhouse, T.J., Ormsbee, P.C., Irvine, K.M., Vierling, L.A., Szewczak, J.M., and Vierling, K.T. 2012. Assessing the status and trend of bat populations across broad geographic regions with dynamic distribution models. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1098-1113.

Rojas-Sandoval, J., and Meléndez-Ackerman, E. 2012. Effects of an invasive grass on the demography of the Caribbean cactus Harrisia portoricensis: implications for cacti conservation. Acta Oecol. 41:30-38.

Rosa, G.M., Andreone, F., Crottini, A., Hauswaldt, J.S., Noël, J., Rabibisoa, N.H., Randriambahiniarime, M.O., Rebelo, R., and Raxworthy, C.J. 2012. The amphibians of the relict Betampona low-elevation rainforest, eastern Madagascar: an application of the integrative taxonomy approach to biodiversity assessments. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1531-1559.

Rost, J., Clavero, M., Brotons, L., and Pons, P. 2012. The effect of postfire salvage logging on bird communities in Mediterranean pine forests: the benefits for declining species. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):644-651.

Ruebush, B.C., Sass, G.G., Chick, J.H., and Stafford, J.D. 2012. In-situ tests of sound-bubble-strobe light barrier technologies to prevent range expansions of Asian carp. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):37-48.

Rugman-Jones, P.F., Hoddle, M.S., Phillips, P.A., Jeong, G., and Stouthamer, R. 2012. Strong genetic structure among populations of the invasive avocado pest Pseudacysta perseae (Heidemann) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) reveals the source of introduced populations. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1079-1100.

Safont, E., Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T., and Rull, V. 2012. Use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) tools to set priorities and optimize strategies in biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):113-121.

Sandoval-Comte, A., Pineda, E., and Aguilar-López, J.L. 2012. In search of critically endangered species: the current situation of two tiny salamander species in the Neotropical mountains of Mexico. PLoS ONE 7(4):e34023.

Santana, J., Porto, M., Gordinho, L., Reino, L., and Beja, P. 2012. Long-term responses of Mediterranean birds to forest fuel management. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):632-643.

Sarmento, P., Cruz, J., Paula, A., Eira, C., Capinha, M., Ambrosio, I., Ferreira, C., and Fonseca, C. 2012. Occupancy, colonization and extinction patterns of rabbit populations: implications for Iberian lynx conservation. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 58(3):523-533.

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Sawyer, S.C. 2012. Subpopulation range estimation for conservation planning: a case study of the critically endangered Cross River gorilla. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1589-1606.

Scanga, S.E., and Leopold, D.J. 2012. Managing wetland plant populations: lessons learned in Europe may apply to North American fens. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):69-78.

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Schrey, A.W., Ashton, K.G., Heath, S., Mushinsky, H.R., and McCoy, E.D. 2012. Range-wide genetic analysis of the threatened bluetail mole skink identifies similar genetic structure with sympatric lizards. J. Herpetol. 46(2):241-247.

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Şekercioğlu, Ç.H., Primack, R.B., and Wormworth, J. 2012. The effects of climate change on tropical birds. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):1-18.

Sepulveda, A.J., and Marczak, L.B. 2012. Active dispersal of an aquatic invader determined by resource and flow conditions. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1201-1209.

Sharip, Z., Schooler, S.S., Hipsey, M.R., and Hobbs, R.J. 2012. Eutrophication, agriculture and water level control shift aquatic plant communities from floating-leaved to submerged macrophytes in Lake Chini, Malaysia. Biol. Invasions 14(5):1029-1044.

Sharma, R., and Quinn, T.P. 2012. Linkages between life history type and migration pathways in freshwater and marine environments for Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Acta Oecol. 41:1-13.

Shier, D.M., Lea, A.J., and Owen, M.A. 2012. Beyond masking: endangered Stephen's kangaroo rats respond to traffic noise with footdrumming. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):53-58.

Short, K.H., and Petren, K. 2012. Rapid species displacement during the invasion of Florida by the tropical house gecko Hemidactylus mabouia. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1177-1186.

Shukla, G., Kumar, R., and Chakravarty, S. 2012. When flowering threatens the natural conservation of a species. Curr. Sci. 102(11):1502.

Sievers, C., Willing, E.M., Hoffmann, M., Dreyer, C., Ramnarine, I., and Magurran, A. 2012. Reasons for the invasive success of a guppy (Poecilia reticulata) population in Trinidad. PLoS ONE 7(5):e38404.

Silva-Rodríguez, E.A., and Sieving, K.E. 2012. Domestic dogs shape the landscape-scale distribution of a threatened forest ungulate. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):103-110.

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Sindt, A.R., Pierce, C.L., and Quist, M.C. 2012. Fish species of greatest conservation need in wadeable Iowa streams: current status and effectiveness of aquatic gap program distribution models. North Am. J. Fish. Manag. 32(1):135-146.

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Smith, R.J., Verissimo, D., Isaac, N.J.B., and Jones, K.E. 2012. Identifying Cinderella species: uncovering mammals with conservation flagship appeal. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):205-212.

Smits, N., Dupraz, C., and Dufour, L. 2012. Unexpected lack of influence of tree rows on the dynamics of wheat aphids and their natural enemies in a temperate agroforestry system. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):153-164.

Smyser, T.J., Duchamp, J.E., Johnson, S.A., Larkin, J.L., and Rhodes, O.E. 2012. Consequences of metapopulation collapse: comparison of genetic attributes between two Allegheny woodrat metapopulations. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):849-858.

Somodi, I., Čarni, A., Ribeiro, D., and Podobnikar, T. 2012. Recognition of the invasive species Robinia pseudacacia from combined remote sensing and GIS sources. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):59-67.

Srinivasan, M.P. 2012. Exotic shrub invasion in a montane grassland: the role of fire as a potential restoration tool. Biol. Invasions 14(5):1009-1028.

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Sterling, K.A., Reed, D.H., Noonan, B.P., and Warren, M.L. 2012. Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation and population isolation on Etheostoma raneyi (Percidae). Conserv. Genet. 13(3):859-872.

Stow, A.J., and Magnusson, W.E. 2012. Genetically defining populations is of limited use for evaluating and managing human impacts on gene flow. Wildlife Res. 39(4):290-294.

Studds, C.E., DeLuca, W.V., Baker, M.E., King, R.S., and Marra, P.P. 2012. Land cover and rainfall interact to shape waterbird community composition. PLoS ONE 7(4):e35969.

Suárez, A., Williams-Linera, G., Trejo, C., Valdez-Hernández, J.I., Cetina-Alcalá, V.M., and Vibrans, H. 2012. Local knowledge helps select species for forest restoration in a tropical dry forest of central Veracruz, Mexico. Agroforestry Syst. 85(1):35-55.

Sundaram, B., and Hiremath, A.J. 2012. Lantana camara invasion in a heterogeneous landscape: patterns of spread and correlation with changes in native vegetation. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1127-1141.

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Suwa, T., and Louda, S.M. 2012. Combined effects of plant competition and insect herbivory hinder invasiveness of an introduced thistle. Oecologia 169(2):467-476.

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Szabo, J.K., Butchart, S.H.M., Possingham, H.P., and Garnett, S.T. 2012. Adapting global biodiversity indicators to the national scale: a Red List Index for Australian birds. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):61-68.

Szabo, N.D., Colla, S.R., Wagner, D.L., Gall, L.F., and Kerr, J.T. 2012. Do pathogen spillover, pesticide use, or habitat loss explain recent North American bumblebee declines? Conserv. Lett. 5(3):232-239.

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Taylor, S., Kumar, L., Reid, N., and Kriticos, D.J. 2012. Climate change and the potential distribution of an invasive shrub, Lantana camara L. PLoS ONE 7(4):e35565.

Telford, I.R.H., Sebastian, P., de Lange, P.J., Bruhl, J.J., and Renner, S.S. 2012. Morphological and molecular data reveal three rather than one species of Sicyos (Cucurbitaceae) in Australia, New Zealand and Islands of the South West Pacific. Aust. Syst. Bot. 25(3):188-201.

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Thomsen, P.F., Kielgast, J., Iversen, L.L., Wiuf, C., Rasmussen, M., Gilbert, M.T.P., Orlando, L., and Willerslev, E. 2012. Monitoring endangered freshwater biodiversity using environmental DNA. Mol. Ecol. 21(11):2565-2573.

Thorn, M., Green, M., Dalerum, F., Bateman, P.W., and Scott, D.M. 2012. What drives human-carnivore conflict in the North West Province of South Africa? Biol. Conserv. 150(1):23-32.

Thorson, J.T., Punt, A.E., and Nel, R. 2012. Evaluating population recovery for sea turtles under nesting beach protection while accounting for nesting behaviours and changes in availability. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(3):601-610.

Thum, R.A., Mercer, A.T., and Wcisel, D.J. 2012. Loopholes in the regulation of invasive species: genetic identifications identify mislabeling of prohibited aquarium plants. Biol. Invasions 14(5):929-937.

Timm, J., Planes, S., and Kochzius, M. 2012. High similarity of genetic population structure in the false clown anemonefish (Amphiprion ocellaris) found in microsatellite and mitochondrial control region analysis. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):693-706.

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Tittler, R., Messier, C., and Fall, A. 2012. Concentrating anthropogenic disturbance to balance ecological and economic values: applications to forest management. Ecol. Appl. 22(4):1268-1277.

Toral, G.M., Stillman, R.A., Santoro, S., and Figuerola, J. 2012. The importance of rice fields for glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus): management recommendations derived from an individual-based model. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):19-27.

Torres-Díaz, C., Gómez-González, S., Torres-Morales, P., and Gianoli, E. 2012. Soil disturbance by a native rodent drives microhabitat expansion of an alien plant. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1211-1220.

Tournant, P., Joseph, L., Goka, K., and Courchamp, F. 2012. The rarity and overexploitation paradox: stag beetle collections in Japan. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1425-1440.

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Turvey, S.T., Risley, C.L., Barrett, L.A., Hao, Y.J., and Ding, W. 2012. River dolphins can act as population trend indicators in degraded freshwater systems. PLoS ONE 7(5):e37902.

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van Woesik, R., Franklin, E.C., O'Leary, J., McClanahan, T.R., Klaus, J.S., and Budd, A.F. 2012. Hosts of the Plio-Pleistocene past reflect modern-day coral vulnerability. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1737):2448-2456.

Vargas-Rodriguez, Y.L., and Platt, W.J. 2012. Remnant sugar maple (Acer saccharum subsp. skutchii) populations at their range edge: characteristics, environmental constraints and conservation implications in tropical America. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):111-120.

Velho, N., Karanth, K.K., and Laurance, W.F. 2012. Hunting: a serious and understudied threat in India, a globally significant conservation region. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):210-215.

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Verbrugge, L.N.H., van der Velde, G., Hendriks, A.J., Verreycken, H., and Leuven, R.S.E.W. 2012. Risk classifications of aquatic non-native species: application of contemporary European assessment protocols in different biogeographical settings. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):49-58.

Verkuil, Y.I., Karlionova, N., Rakhimberdiev, E.N., Jukema, J., Wijmenga, J.J., Hooijmeijer, J.C.E.W., Pinchuk, P., Wymenga, E., Baker, A.J., and Piersma, T. 2012. Losing a staging area: eastward redistribution of Afro-Eurasian ruffs is associated with deteriorating fuelling conditions along the western flyway. Biol. Conserv. 149(1):51-59.

Virkki, D.A., Tran, C., and Castley, J.G. 2012. Reptile responses to Lantana management in a wet sclerophyll forest, Australia. J. Herpetol. 46(2):177-185.

Waldron, A., Justicia, R., Smith, L., and Sanchez, M. 2012. Conservation through Chocolate: a win-win for biodiversity and farmers in Ecuador's lowland tropics. Conserv. Lett. 5(3):213-221.

Walsh, M.G., Boscarino, B.T., Marty, J., and Johannsson, O.E. 2012. Mysis diluviana and Hemimysis anomala: reviewing the roles of a native and invasive mysid in the Laurentian Great Lakes region. J. Great Lakes Res. 38:1-6.

Ward, M., Johnson, S.D., and Zalucki, M.P. 2012. Modes of reproduction in three invasive milkweeds are consistent with Baker's Rule. Biol. Invasions 14(6):1237-1250.

Wei, X.Z., and Jiang, M.X. 2012. Limited genetic impacts of habitat fragmentation in an "old rare" relict tree, Euptelea pleiospermum (Eupteleaceae). Plant Ecol. 213(6):909-917.

Wells, E.F. 2012. Reintroduction of federally endangered harperella (Harperella nodosum Rose) in flood-prone, artificial, and natural habitats. Castanea 77(2):146-157.

Wesche, K., Krause, B., Culmsee, H., and Leuschner, C. 2012. Fifty years of change in Central European grassland vegetation: large losses in species richness and animal-pollinated plants. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):76-85.

White, T.H., Collar, N.J., Moorhouse, R.J., Sanz, V., Stolen, E.D., and Brightsmith, D.J. 2012. Psittacine reintroductions: common denominators of success. Biol. Conserv. 148(1):106-115.

Whiteley, A.R., Coombs, J.A., Hudy, M., Robinson, Z., Nislow, K.H., and Letcher, B.H. 2012. Sampling strategies for estimating brook trout effective population size. Conserv. Genet. 13(3):625-637.

Wilkinson, C., and Salvat, B. 2012. Coastal resource degradation in the tropics: does the tragedy of the commons apply for coral reefs, mangrove forests and seagrass beds. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(6):1096-1105.

Williams, D.E., and Miller, M.W. 2012. Attributing mortality among drivers of population decline in Acropora palmata in the Florida Keys (USA). Coral Reefs 31(2):369-382.

Wong, W.H., Gerstenberger, S., Baldwin, W., and Moore, B. 2012. Settlement and growth of quagga mussels (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis Andrusov, 1897) in Lake Mead, Nevada-Arizona, USA. Aquat. Invasions 7(1):7-19.

Woods, T.M., Jonas, J.L., and Ferguson, C.J. 2012. The invasive Lespedeza cuneata attracts more insect pollinators than native congeners in tallgrass prairie with variable impacts. Biol. Invasions 14(5):1045-1059.

Yagi, K.T., and Litzgus, J.D. 2012. The effects of flooding on the spatial ecology of spotted turtles (Clemmys guttata) in a partially mined peatland. Copeia 2:179-190.

Yamaura, Y., Royle, J.A., Shimada, N., Asanuma, S., Sato, T., Taki, H., and Makino, S. 2012. Biodiversity of man-made open habitats in an underused country: a class of multispecies abundance models for count data. Biodivers. Conserv. 21(6):1365-1380.

Zeydanli, U.S., Turak, A.S., Balkiz, Ö., Özüt, D., Ertürk, A., Welch, H., Karaçetin, E., Ambarli, D., Durmuş, M., and Bilgin, C.C. 2012. Identification of Prime Butterfly Areas in Turkey using systematic conservation planning: challenges and opportunities. Biol. Conserv. 150(1):86-93.

Zubov, D.A., and Davis, A.P. 2012. Galanthus panjutinii sp. nov.: a new name for an invalidly published species of Galanthus (Amaryllidaceae) from the northern Colchis area of Western Transcaucasia. Phytotaxa 50:55-63.


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