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Department ofBotany



No. 338
February 2013


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In This Issue


Smithsonian Botanical Symposium to Explore Conservation Science


The Department of Botany and the United States Botanic Garden will convene the 2013 Smithsonian Botanical Symposium, "Avoiding Extinction: Contemporary Approaches to Conservation Science," to be held at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., on 19 - 20 April 2013.

Smithsonian Botanical Symposium

Conservation science seeks to provide a rational framework for the protection of species and their habitats. At the inception of the discipline, scientists recognized that environmental problems, including land use change and pollution effects, were significant challenges to sustaining biodiversity. Scientists now acknowledge that, while these problems remain, other issues such as invasive species, interspecific hybridization, and climate change impose additional threats to species survival. Furthermore, paleoecologists have used the fossil record to contextualize the current loss of biodiversity based on knowledge of past extinctions and paleoclimates, and now models of predicted future climates are helping to anticipate new challenges.

Forty years ago, the U.S. Endangered Species Act was signed into law. This landmark piece of legislation was designed to protect plant and animal species from extinction based on our knowledge of conservation science at the time. The Act has led to many success stories, primarily due to the growing sophistication of the conservation science it spurred, but will not be sufficient on its own to address new conservation goals. With new landmark conservation legislation unlikely in the near future, how will scientists continue to move forward in their quest to preserve biodiversity?

The 11th Smithsonian Botanical Symposium will highlight past efforts and new threats to conservation goals, as well as new approaches underway that promise to safeguard biodiversity both here in the U.S. and around the world. The invited speakers will cover a wide range of endangered organisms, with a special focus on plants, to illustrate the challenges of modern-day conservation science in a rapidly changing world.

In addition, the 11th José Cuatrecasas Medal in Tropical Botany will be awarded at the Symposium. This prestigious award is presented annually to an international scholar who has contributed significantly to advancing the field of tropical botany. The award is named in honor of Dr. José Cuatrecasas, a pioneering botanist who spent many years working in the Department of Botany at the Smithsonian and devoted his career to plant exploration in tropical South America.

A poster session will occur at the opening reception at the U.S. Botanic Garden. Poster abstract submission will begin 1 February at botany.si.edu/sbs/, and continue until 18 March. Space is limited and will be accepted based upon the quality of the abstract and the order received.

Symposium sponsors include the Department of Botany, the Office of the Associate Director for Research and Collections, the United States Botanic Garden, and the Cuatrecasas Family Foundation.

Registration and additional information about the 2013 Smithsonian Botanical Symposium is available at botany.si.edu/sbs/. You may also call 202-633-0920 or email sbs@si.edu for more information.


Current Literature


Abraham, R.K., and Kelkar, N. 2012. Do terrestrial protected areas conserve freshwater fish diversity? Results from the Western Ghats of India. Oryx 46(4):544-553.

Acevedo, M.A., Marcano, M., and Fletcher, R.J. 2012. A diffusive logistic growth model to describe forest recovery. Ecol. Model. 244:13-19.

Adams, C.K., and Saenz, D. 2012. Leaf litter of invasive Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) negatively affects hatching success of an aquatic breeding anuran, the Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus). Can. J. Zool. 90(8):991-998.

Agüero, M.L., Borboroglu, P.G., and Esler, D. 2012. Distribution and abundance of Chubut Steamerducks: an endemic species to Central Patagonia, Argentina. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(3):307-315.

Ahlering, M.A., Maldonado, J.E., Fleischer, R.C., Western, D., and Eggert, L.S. 2012. Fine-scale group structure and demography of African savanna elephants recolonizing lands outside protected areas. Divers. Distrib. 18(10):952-961.

Akalin, E., and Akpulat, A. 2012. Rhabdosciadium urusakii sp. nov. (Apiaceae) from east Anatolia (Turkey). Nord. J. Bot. 30(5):560-564.

Al-Abdulrazzak, D., Naidoo, R., Palomares, M.L.D., and Pauly, D. 2012. Gaining perspective on what we've lost: the reliability of encoded anecdotes in historical ecology. PLoS ONE 7(8):e43386.

Altamiranda-S, M., and Ortega-M, O. 2012. Population structure of Polythore gigantea (Odonata: Polythoridae) in lotic systems with different conservation states in Antioquia-Colombia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(3):1205-1216.

Amaral, P., and Rebelo, R. 2012. Diet of invasive clawed frog Xenopus laevis at Lage stream (Oeiras, W Portugal). Herp. J. 22(3):187-190.

Ang, A., Srivasthan, A., Md-Zain, B.M., Ismail, M.R.B., and Meier, R. 2012. Low genetic variability in the recovering urban banded leaf monkey population of Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool. 60(2):589-594.

Anthony, E.J., and Gratiot, N. 2012. Coastal engineering and large-scale mangrove destruction in Guyana, South America: averting an environmental catastrophe in the making. Ecol. Eng. 47:268-273.

Areta, J.I., and Cockle, K.L. 2012. A theoretical framework for understanding the ecology and conservation of bamboo-specialist birds. J. Ornithol. 153:S163-S170.

Ashton, P., and Kettle, C.J. 2012. Dipterocarp biology as a window to the understanding of tropical forest structure: where are we looking now? Biotropica 44(5):575-576.

Aslan, C.E., Zavaleta, E.S., Croll, D., and Tershy, B. 2012. Effects of native and non-native vertebrate mutualists on plants. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):778-789.

Aytaç, Z., Akgül, G., and Ekici, M. 2012. A new species of Marrubium (Lamiaceae) from Central Anatolia, Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 36(5):443-449.

Babcock, R.C., Egli, D.P., and Attwood, C.G. 2012. Incorporating behavioural variation in individual-based simulation models of marine reserve effectiveness. Environ. Conserv. 39(3):282-294.

Balete, D.S., Rickart, E.A., Heaney, L.R., Aliviola, P.A., Duya, M.V., Duya, M.R.M., Sosa, T., and Jansa, S.A. 2012. Archboldomys (Muridae: Murinae) reconsidered: a new genus and three new species of shrew mice from Luzon Island, Philippines. Am. Mus. Novit. 3754:1-60.

Ban, N.C., Pressey, R.L., and Weeks, S. 2012. Conservation objectives and sea-surface temperature anomalies in the Great Barrier Reef. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):799-809.

Barbo, F.E., Grazziotin, F.G., Sazima, I., Martins, M., and Sawaya, R.J. 2012. A new and threatened insular species of lancehead from southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 68(3):418-429.

Barlow, J., Parry, L., Gardner, T.A., Ferreira, J., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Carmenta, R., Berenguer, E., Vieira, I.C.G., Souza, C., and Cochrane, M.A. 2012. The critical importance of considering fire in REDD+ programs. Biol. Conserv. 154:1-8.

Barr, C.M., and Sayer, J.A. 2012. The political economy of reforestation and forest restoration in Asia-Pacific: critical issues for REDD+. Biol. Conserv. 154:9-19.

Bátori, E., Pecsenye, K., Bereczki, J., and Varga, Z. 2012. Patterns of genetic and taxonomic differentiation in three Melitaea (subg. Mellicta) species (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae). J. Insect Conserv. 16(5):647-656.

Bayartogtokh, B., Kim, J.I., and Bae, Y.J. 2012. Lamellicorn beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) in Korea and Mongolia. Entomol. Res. 42(5):211-218.

Berger, J. 2012. Estimation of body-size traits by photogrammetry in large mammals to inform conservation. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):769-777.

Berigan, W.J., Gutierrez, R.J., and Tempel, D.J. 2012. Evaluating the efficacy of protected habitat areas for the California spotted owl using long-term monitoring data. J. Forestry 110(6):299-303.

Biggins, D.E. 2012. Information on black-footed ferret biology collected within the framework of ferret conservation. West. N. Am. Naturalist 72(2):129-133.

Birnbaum, C., Barrett, L.G., Thrall, P.H., and Leishman, M.R. 2012. Mutualisms are not constraining cross-continental invasion success of Acacia species within Australia. Divers. Distrib. 18(10):962-976.

Blair, M.E., and Melnick, D.J. 2012. Scale-dependent effects of a heterogeneous landscape on genetic differentiation in the Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii). PLoS ONE 7(8):e43027.

Bloomfield, H.J., Sweeting, C.J., Mill, A.C., Stead, S.M., and Polunin, N.V.C. 2012. No-trawl area impacts: perceptions, compliance and fish abundances. Environ. Conserv. 39(3):237-247.

Bode, M., Armsworth, P.R., Fox, H.E., and Bode, L. 2012. Surrogates for reef fish connectivity when designing marine protected area networks. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 466:155-166.

Boelter, R.A., Kaefer, I.L., Both, C., and Cechin, S. 2012. Invasive bullfrogs as predators in a Neotropical assemblage: what frog species do they eat? Anim. Biol. 62(4):397-408.

Bonal, R., Hernández, M., Ortego, J., Muñoz, A., and Espelta, J.M. 2012. Positive cascade effects of forest fragmentation on acorn weevils mediated by seed size enlargement. Insect Conserv. Divers. 5(5):381-388.

Both, C., and Grant, T. 2012. Biological invasions and the acoustic niche: the effect of bullfrog calls on the acoustic signals of white-banded tree frogs. Biol. Lett. 8(5):714-716.

Bottrill, M.C., Mills, M., Pressey, R.L., Game, E.T., and Groves, C. 2012. Evaluating perceived benefits of ecoregional assessments. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):851-861.

Boulord, A., Zhang, M., Wang, T.H., Wang, X.M., and Jiguet, F. 2012. Reproductive success of the threatened Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei in non-harvested and harvested reedbeds in the Yangtze River estuary, China. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(3):339-347.

Boyero, L., Barmuta, L.A., Ratnarajah, L., Schmidt, K., and Pearson, R.G. 2012. Effects of exotic riparian vegetation on leaf breakdown by shredders: a tropical-temperate comparison. Freshwater Sci. 31(2):296-303.

Boyle, S.A., Zartman, C.E., Spironello, W.R., and Smith, A.T. 2012. Implications of habitat fragmentation on the diet of bearded saki monkeys in central Amazonian forest. J. Mammal. 93(4):959-976.

Bradley, R.D., Lack, J.B., Pfau, R.S., Peppers, L.L., Henson, D.D., Stallings, A.O., Hoang, C.N., and Van Den Bussche, R.A. 2012. Genetic and conservation status of a relictual population of the hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus eremicus). Southwest. Nat. 57(3):231-239.

Brinkman, E., Seekamp, E., Davenport, M.A., and Brehm, J.M. 2012. Community capacity for watershed conservation: a quantitative assessment of indicators and core dimensions. Environ. Manage. 50(4):736-749.

Briski, E., Wiley, C.J., and Bailey, S.A. 2012. Role of domestic shipping in the introduction or secondary spread of nonindigenous species: biological invasions within the Laurentian Great Lakes. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(5):1124-1130.

Britton, J.R., and Orsi, M.L. 2012. Non-native fish in aquaculture and sport fishing in Brazil: economic benefits versus risks to fish diversity in the upper River Paraná Basin. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 22(3):555-565.

Bromham, L., Lanfear, R., Cassey, P., Gibb, G., and Cardillo, M. 2012. Reconstructing past species assemblages reveals the changing patterns and drivers of extinction through time. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 279(1744):4024-4032.

Brook, S.M., de Groot, P.V., Scott, C., Boag, P., Long, B., Ley, R.E., Reischer, G.H., Williams, A.C., Mahood, S.P., Hien, T.M., Polet, G., Cox, N., and Hai, B.T. 2012. Integrated and novel survey methods for rhinoceros populations confirm the extinction of Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus from Vietnam. Biol. Conserv. 155:59-67.

Brooke, M.D., Flower, T.P., Campbell, E.M., Mainwaring, M.C., Davies, S., and Welbergen, J.A. 2012. Rainfall-related population growth and adult sex ratio change in the Critically Endangered Raso lark (Alauda razae). Anim. Conserv. 15(5):466-471.

Brooks, D.R., Bater, J.E., Clark, S.J., Monteith, D.T., Andrews, C., Corbett, S.J., Beaumont, D.A., and Chapman, J.W. 2012. Large carabid beetle declines in a United Kingdom monitoring network increases evidence for a widespread loss in insect biodiversity. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(5):1009-1019.

Brown, R.G., James, A.F., Pitchford, J.W., and Plank, M.J. 2012. Habitat fragmentation: simple models for local persistence and the spread of invasive species. J. Theor. Biol. 310:231-238.

Buckley, R.C., Castley, J.G., Pegas, F.D., Mossaz, A.C., and Steven, R. 2012. A population accounting approach to assess tourism contributions to conservation of IUCN-Redlisted mammal species. PLoS ONE 7(9):e44134.

Bujoczek, M., Ciach, M., and Yosef, R. 2012. Road-killed birds and body condition: a reply. Biol. Conserv. 155:213-213.

Burwell, C.J., Nakamura, A., McDougall, A., and Neldner, V.J. 2012. Invasive African big-headed ants, Pheidole megacephala, on coral cays of the southern Great Barrier Reef: distribution and impacts on other ants. J. Insect Conserv. 16(5):777-789.

Butsic, V., Radeloff, V.C., Kuemmerle, T., and Pidgeon, A.M. 2012. Analytical solutions to trade-offs between size of protected areas and land-use intensity. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):883-893.

Campbell, A.J., Biesmeijer, J.C., Varma, V., and Wackers, F.L. 2012. Realising multiple ecosystem services based on the response of three beneficial insect groups to floral traits and trait diversity. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13(4):363-370.

Campbell, S.J., Cinner, J.E., Ardiwijaya, R.L., Pardede, S., Kartawijaya, T., Mukmunin, A., Herdiana, Y., Hoey, A.S., Pratchett, M.S., and Baird, A.H. 2012. Avoiding conflicts and protecting coral reefs: customary management benefits marine habitats and fish biomass. Oryx 46(4):486-494.

Cantonati, M., Füreder, L., Gerecke, R., Jüttner, I., and Cox, E.J. 2012. Crenic habitats, hotspots for freshwater biodiversity conservation: toward an understanding of their ecology. Freshwater Sci. 31(2):463-480.

Carey, M.P., Sanderson, B.L., Barnas, K.A., and Olden, J.D. 2012. Native invaders - challenges for science, management, policy, and society. Front. Ecol. Environ. 10(7):373-381.

Carlsen, T., Bendiksby, M., Hofton, T.H., Reiso, S., Bakkestuen, V., Haugan, R., Kauserud, H., and Timdal, E. 2012. Species delimitation, bioclimatic range, and conservation status of the threatened lichen Fuscopannaria confusa. Lichenologist 44(5):565-575.

Carmo, F.M.D., Poeiras, L.M., Gonçalves, A.B., de Mello, S.M., Neto, J.A.A.M., Borges, E.E.D.E., and da Silva, A.F. 2012. Seedbed germination of native species under canopy of exotic species. Revista Arvore 36(4):583-591.

Carmona, C.P., Azcárate, F.M., de Bello, F., Ollero, H.S., Lepš, J., and Peco, B. 2012. Taxonomical and functional diversity turnover in Mediterranean grasslands: interactions between grazing, habitat type and rainfall. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(5):1084-1093.

Carter, N.H., Riley, S.J., and Liu, J.G. 2012. Utility of a psychological framework for carnivore conservation. Oryx 46(4):525-535.

Carter, N.H., Shrestha, B.K., Karki, J.B., Pradhan, N.M.B., and Liu, J.G. 2012. Coexistence between wildlife and humans at fine spatial scales. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(38):15360-15365.

Castagneyrol, B., and Jactel, H. 2012. Unraveling plant-animal diversity relationships: a meta-regression analysis. Ecology 93(9):2115-2124.

Caveen, A.J., Sweeting, C.J., Willis, T.J., and Polunin, N.V.C. 2012. Are the scientific foundations of temperate marine reserves too warm and hard? Environ. Conserv. 39(3):199-203.

Chaladze, G. 2012. Climate-based model of spatial pattern of the species richness of ants in Georgia. J. Insect Conserv. 16(5):791-800.

Chammem, M., Selmi, S., Khorchani, T., and Nouira, S. 2012. Using a capture-recapture approach for modelling the detectability and distribution of Houbara Bustard in southern Tunisia. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(3):288-298.

Chaudhary, A., Subedi, T.R., Giri, J.B., Baral, H.S., Bidari, B., Subedi, H., Chaudhary, B., Chaudhary, I., Paudel, K., and Cuthbert, R.J. 2012. Population trends of Critically Endangered Gyps vultures in the lowlands of Nepal. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(3):270-278.

Chipault, J.G., Biggins, D.E., Detling, J.K., Long, D.H., and Reich, R.M. 2012. Fine-scale habitat use of reintroduced black-footed ferrets on prairie dog colonies in New Mexico. West. N. Am. Naturalist 72(2):216-227.

Chivers, C., and Leung, B. 2012. Predicting invasions: alternative models of human-mediated dispersal and interactions between dispersal network structure and Allee effects. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(5):1113-1123.

Choi, B., Dewey, J.C., Hatten, J.A., Ezell, A.W., and Fan, Z. 2012. Changes in vegetative communities and water table dynamics following timber harvesting in small headwater streams. Forest Ecol. Manag. 281:1-11.

Christiansen, J.L., Bernstein, N.P., Phillips, C.A., Briggler, J.T., and Kangas, D. 2012. Declining populations of yellow mud turtles (Kinosternon flavescens) in Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri. Southwest. Nat. 57(3):304-313.

Chung, M.Y., López-Pujol, J., Maki, M., Kim, K.J., Chung, J.M., Sun, B.Y., and Chung, M.G. 2012. Genetic diversity in the common terrestrial orchid Oreorchis patens and its rare congener Oreorchis coreana: inference of species evolutionary history and implications for conservation. J. Heredity 103(5):692-702.

Ciccarese, L., Mattsson, A., and Pettenella, D. 2012. Ecosystem services from forest restoration: thinking ahead. New Forest. 43(5-6):543-560.

Clark, M.R., and Dunn, M.R. 2012. Spatial management of deep-sea seamount fisheries: balancing sustainable exploitation and habitat conservation. Environ. Conserv. 39(3):204-214.

Coote, L., French, L.J., Moore, K.M., Mitchell, F.J.G., and Kelly, D.L. 2012. Can plantation forests support plant species and communities of semi-natural woodland? Forest Ecol. Manag. 283:86-95.

Çoşkunçelebi, K., Terzioğlu, S., Karaköse, M., and Güzel, M.E. 2012. Contributions to the description and molecular properties of Erodium hendrikii Alpinar (Geraniaceae), endemic to Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 36(5):455-461.

Crowder, D.W., Northfield, T.D., Gomulkiewicz, R., and Snyder, W.E. 2012. Conserving and promoting evenness: organic farming and fire-based wildland management as case studies. Ecology 93(9):2001-2007.

Crowley, B.E., McGoogan, K.C., and Lehman, S.M. 2012. Edge effects on foliar stable isotope values in a Madagascan tropical dry forest. PLoS ONE 7(9):e44538.

Cuervo-Robayo, A.P., and Monroy-Vilchis, O. 2012. Potential distribution of jaguar, Panthera onca (Carnivora: Felidae) in Guerrero, Mexico: persistence of areas for its conservation. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(3):1357-1367.

Culliney, S., Pejchar, L., Switzer, R., and Ruiz-Gutierrez, V. 2012. Seed dispersal by a captive corvid: the role of the 'Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis) in shaping Hawai'i's plant communities. Ecol. Appl. 22(6):1718-1732.

Czypionka, T., Cheng, J., Pozhitkov, A., and Nolte, A.W. 2012. Transcriptome changes after genome-wide admixture in invasive sculpins (Cottus). Mol. Ecol. 21(19):4797-4810.

Dahl, C., Kiatik, I., Baisen, I., Bronikowski, E., Fleischer, R.C., Rotzel, N.C., Lock, J., Novotny, V., Narayan, E., and Herol, J.M. 2012. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis not found in rainforest frogs along an altitudinal gradient of Papua New Guinea. Herp. J. 22(3):183-186.

De Crop, E., Brys, R., and Hoffmann, M. 2012. The impact of habitat fragmentation on the interaction between Centaurium erythraea (Gentianaceae) and its specialized seed predator Stenoptilia zophodactylus (Pterophoridae, Lepidoptera). Ecol. Res. 27(5):967-974.

de la Luz, J.L.L., and Levin, R.A. 2012. Pisonia calafia (Nyctaginaceae) species nova from the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico. Acta Bot. Mex. 101:83-93.

de Oliveira, L.R., De Castro, R.L., Cárdenas-Alayza, S., and Bonatto, S.L. 2012. Conservation genetics of South American aquatic mammals: an overview of gene diversity, population structure, phylogeography, non-invasive methods and forensics. Mammal Rev. 42(4):275-303.

De Wilde, M., Buisson, E., Ratovoson, F., Randrianaivo, R., Carriere, S.M., and Ii, P.P.L. 2012. Vegetation dynamics in a corridor between protected areas after slash-and-burn cultivation in south-eastern Madagascar. Agricult. Ecosyst. & Environ. 159:1-8.

Didham, R.K., and Ewers, R.M. 2012. Predicting the impacts of edge effects in fragmented habitats: Laurance and Yensen's core area model revisited. Biol. Conserv. 155:104-110.

Djupström, L.B., Weslien, J., ten Hoopen, J., and Schroeder, L.M. 2012. Restoration of habitats for a threatened saproxylic beetle species in a boreal landscape by retaining dead wood on clear-cuts. Biol. Conserv. 155:44-49.

Dolman, P.M., Panter, C.J., and Mossman, H.L. 2012. The biodiversity audit approach challenges regional priorities and identifies a mismatch in conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 49(5):986-997.

Dolný, A., Harabiš, F., Bárta, D., Lhota, S., and Drozd, P. 2012. Aquatic insects indicate terrestrial habitat degradation: changes in taxonomical structure and functional diversity of dragonflies in tropical rainforest of East Kalimantan. Trop. Zool. 25(3):141-157.

Donaldson, R., Finn, H., Bejder, L., Lusseau, D., and Calver, M. 2012. Social learning of risky behaviour: importance for impact assessments, conservation and management of human-wildlife interactions. Anim. Conserv. 15(5):442-444.

Donaldson, R., Finn, H., Bejder, L., Lusseau, D., and Calver, M. 2012. The social side of human-wildlife interaction: wildlife can learn harmful behaviours from each other. Anim. Conserv. 15(5):427-435.

Dorji, S., Rajaratnam, R., and Vernes, K. 2012. The Vulnerable red panda Ailurus fulgens in Bhutan: distribution, conservation status and management recommendations. Oryx 46(4):536-543.

Douda, K., Horký, P., and Bílý, M. 2012. Host limitation of the thick-shelled river mussel: identifying the threats to declining affiliate species. Anim. Conserv. 15(5):536-544.

Dungan, S.Z., Hung, S.K., Wang, J.Y., and White, B.N. 2012. Two social communities in the Pearl River Estuary population of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis). Can. J. Zool. 90(8):1031-1043.

Earnst, S.L., Dobkin, D.S., and Ballard, J.A. 2012. Changes in avian and plant communities of aspen woodlands over 12 years after livestock removal in the northwestern Great Basin. Conserv. Biol. 26(5):862-872.

Edgar, G.J., and Barrett, N.S. 2012. An assessment of population responses of common inshore fishes and invertebrates following declaration of five Australian marine protected areas. Environ. Conserv. 39(3):271-281.

Eglington, S.M., Noble, D.G., and Fuller, R.J. 2012. A meta-analysis of spatial relationships in species richness across taxa: birds as indicators of wider biodiversity in temperate regions. J. Nature Conserv. 20(5):301-309.

Estes, J.G., Othman, N., Ismail, S., Ancrenaz, M., Goossens, B., Ambu, L.N., Estes, A.B., and Palmiotto, P.A. 2012. Quantity and configuration of available elephant habitat and related conservation concerns in the Lower Kinabatangan floodplain of Sabah, Malaysia. PLoS ONE 7(10):e44601.

Ewen, J.G., Bensch, S., Blackburn, T.M., Bonneaud, C., Brown, R., Cassey, P., Clarke, R.H., and Pérez-Tris, J. 2012. Establishment of exotic parasites: the origins and characteristics of an avian malaria community in an isolated island avifauna. Ecol. Lett. 15(10):1112-1119.

Fadli, N., Campbell, S.J., Ferguson, K., Keyse, J., Rudi, E., Riedel, A., and Baird, A.H. 2012. The role of habitat creation in coral reef conservation: a case study from Aceh, Indonesia. Oryx 46(4):501-507.

Ferreira, S.M., Botha, J.M., and Emmett, M.C. 2012. Anthropogenic influences on conservation values of white rhinoceros. PLoS ONE 7(9):e45989.

Fisher, B.P. 2012. Conservation and livelihoods: identifying trade-offs and win-wins. Front. Ecol. Environ. 10(7):343-343.

Fisher, J.R.B., and Dills, B. 2012. Do private conservation activities match science-based conservation priorities? PLoS ONE 7(9):e46429.

Fraschetti, S., Bevilacqua, S., Guarnieri, G., and Terlizzi, A. 2012. Idiosyncratic effects of protection in a remote marine reserve. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 466:21-34.

Freeman, D.T., Macdiarmid, A.B., Taylor, R.B., Davidson, R.J., Grace, R.V., Haggitt, T.R., Kelly, S., and Shears, N.T. 2012. Trajectories of spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii recovery in New Zealand marine reserves: is settlement a driver? Environ. Conserv. 39(3):295-304.

Frelich, L.E., Peterson, R.O., Dovčiak, M., Reich, P.B., Vucetich, J.A., and Eisenhauer, N. 2012. Trophic cascades, invasive species and body-size hierarchies interactively modulate climate change responses of ecotonal temperate-boreal forest. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 367(1605):2955-2961.

Funk, W.C., McKay, J.K., Hohenlohe, P.A., and Allendorf, F.W. 2012. Harnessing genomics for delineating conservation units. Trends Ecol. Evol. 27(9):489-496.

Galanidis, A., Troumbis, A.Y., and Dimitrakopoulos, P.G. 2012. Long-term invasibility patterns in Mediterranean grasslands of varying initial diversities. J. Biol. Res.-Thessalon. 18:205-217.

García, M.B., Espadaler, X., and Olesen, J.M. 2012. Extreme reproduction and survival of a true cliffhanger: the endangered plant Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae). PLoS ONE 7(9):e44657.

Gardner, T.A., Burgess, N.D., Aguilar-Amuchastegui, N., Barlow, J., Berenguer, E., Clements, T., Danielsen, F., Ferreira, J., Foden, W., Kapos, V., Khan, S.M., Lees, A.C., Parry, L., Roman-Cuesta, R.M., Schmitt, C.B., Strange, N., Theilade, I., and Vieira, I.C.G. 2012. A framework for integrating biodiversity concerns into national REDD+ programmes. Biol. Conserv. 154:61-71.

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Wilson, C.D., Preston, S.J., Moorkens, E., Dick, J.T.A., and Lundy, M.G. 2012. Applying morphometrics to choose optimal captive brood stock for an endangered species: a case study using the freshwater pearl mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera (L.). Aquat. Conserv. 22(5):569-576.

With, K.A., and Pavuk, D.M. 2012. Direct versus indirect effects of habitat fragmentation on community patterns in experimental landscapes. Oecologia 170(2):517-528.

Withey, J.C., Lawler, J.J., Polasky, S., Plantinga, A.J., Nelson, E.J., Kareiva, P., Wilsey, C.B., Schloss, C.A., Nogeire, T.M., Ruesch, A., Ramos, J., and Reid, W. 2012. Maximising return on conservation investment in the conterminous USA. Ecol. Lett. 15(11):1249-1256.

Wittmann, M.E., Chandra, S., Reuter, J.E., Caires, A., Schladow, S.G., and Denton, M. 2012. Harvesting an invasive bivalve in a large natural lake: species recovery and impacts on native benthic macroinvertebrate community structure in Lake Tahoe, USA. Aquat. Conserv. 22(5):588-597.

Wong, M.Y.L. 2012. Abiotic stressors and the conservation of social species. Biol. Conserv. 155:77-84.

Woodcock, B.A., Bullock, J.M., Mortimer, S.R., Brereton, T., Redhead, J.W., Thomas, J.A., and Pywell, R.F. 2012. Identifying time lags in the restoration of grassland butterfly communities: a multi-site assessment. Biol. Conserv. 155:50-58.

Wratten, S.D., Gillespie, M., Decourtye, A., Mader, E., and Desneux, N. 2012. Pollinator habitat enhancement: benefits to other ecosystem services. Agricult. Ecosyst. & Environ. 159:112-122.

Xu, J.L., Zhang, Z.W., Liu, W.J., and McGowan, P.J.K. 2012. A review and assessment of nature reserve policy in China: advances, challenges and opportunities. Oryx 46(4):554-562.

Yessoufou, K., Daru, B.H., and Davies, T.J. 2012. Phylogenetic patterns of extinction risk in the Eastern Arc ecosystems, an African biodiversity hotspot. PLoS ONE 7(10):e47082.

Youngentob, K.N., Yoon, H.J., Coggan, N., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2012. Edge effects influence competition dynamics: a case study of four sympatric arboreal marsupials. Biol. Conserv. 155:68-76.

Zeale, M.R.K., Davidson-Watts, I., and Jones, G. 2012. Home range use and habitat selection by barbastelle bats (Barbastella barbastellus): implications for conservation. J. Mammal. 93(4):1110-1118.

Zhang, J.J., Ye, Q.G., Gao, P.X., and Yao, X.H. 2012. Genetic footprints of habitat fragmentation in the extant populations of Sinojackia (Styracaceae): implications for conservation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 170(2):232-242.

Zhang, R., Post, E., and Shea, K. 2012. Warming leads to divergent responses but similarly improved performance of two invasive thistles. Pop. Ecol. 54(4):583-589.


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