Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 341
May 2013

[PDF Print Version]

In This Issue

Scientists Discover Long-Beaked Echidna May Not be a Thing of the Past in Australia

Adapted from

The western long-beaked echidna, one of the world's five egg-laying species of mammal, became extinct in Australia thousands of years ago…or did it? Smithsonian scientists and colleagues have found evidence suggesting that not only did these animals survive in Australia far longer than previously thought, but that they may very well still exist in parts of the country today. The team's findings were published in the journal ZooKeys.

Scientist Kristofer Helgen, Smithsonian Institution, examines a long-beaked echidna in the wild on the island of New Guinea, where a small and declining population of the species is still known to exist. (Photo by Tim Laman)

Scientist Kristofer Helgen, Smithsonian Institution, examines a long-beaked echidna in the wild on the island of New Guinea, where a small and declining population of the species is still known to exist. (Photo by Tim Laman)

With a small and declining population confined to the Indonesian portion of the island of New Guinea, the western long-beaked echidna (Zaglossus bruijnii) is listed as "Critically Endangered" on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species. It is also considered extinct in Australia, where fossil remains from the Pleistocene epoch demonstrate that it did occur there tens of thousands of years ago. Ancient Aboriginal rock art also supports the species' former presence in Australia. However, no modern record from Australia was known to exist until scientists took a closer look at one particular specimen stored in cabinets in the collections of the Natural History Museum in London. Previously overlooked, the specimen's information showed that it was collected from the wild in northwestern Australia in 1901―thousands of years after they were thought to have gone extinct there.

"Sometimes while working in museums, I find specimens that turn out to be previously undocumented species," said Kristofer Helgen of the Smithsonian Institution, the lead author and the scientist to first report the significance of the echidna specimen. "But in many ways, finding a specimen like this, of such an iconic animal, with such clear documentation from such an unexpected place, is even more exciting."

The re-examined specimen in London reveals that the species was reproducing in Australia at least until the early 20th century. It was collected in the West Kimberley region of Western Australia by naturalist John T. Tunney in 1901, on a collecting expedition for the private museum of Lord L. Walter Rothschild in England. Despite collecting many species of butterflies, birds and mammals (some new to science at the time), no full report on his specimens has ever been published. The collection, including the long-beaked echidna specimen, was then transferred to the Natural History Museum in London in 1939 after Rothschild's death. It was another 70 years before Helgen visited the museum in London and came across the specimen with the original Tunney labels, which both challenged previous thinking about the species' recent distribution and offered insight into where it may still occur.

Learning whether the western long-beaked echidna still exists in Australia today will take time. "The next step will be an expedition to search for this animal," Helgen said. "We'll need to look carefully in the right habitats to determine where it held on, and for how long, and if any are still out there." To find it, Helgen hopes to draw on his experience with the species in New Guinea and to interview those who know the northern Australian bush best. "We believe there may be memories of this animal among Aboriginal communities, and we'd like to learn as much about that as we can," he said.

With the species in danger of extinction, finding Australian survivors or understanding why and when they vanished is an important scientific goal. "We hold out hope that somewhere in Australia, long-beaked echidnas still lay their eggs," said Helgen.

Relocating Elephants Fails to Decrease Human-Wildlife Conflict

Adapted from

Human-elephant conflict in Sri Lanka kills more than 70 humans and 200 Asian elephants every year. One of the most common tools in combating these conflicts is moving the elephants into ranges away from humans, often into national parks. This is done in hopes of avoiding problems that include elephants raiding crops, breaking into homes and injuring or killing people.

Wild Asian elephants in Sri Lanka. (Photo by Amanda Perez, Smithsonian’s National Zoo)

Wild Asian elephants in Sri Lanka. (Photo by Amanda Perez, Smithsonian’s National Zoo)

But according to a new study published in PLOS ONE by scientists at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, the Centre for Conservation and Research in Sri Lanka and the Department of Wildlife Conservation Sri Lanka, moving problem elephants can actually lead to more conflict and more deaths of both humans and elephants.

"What happened with some of the translocated elephants was quite unexpected," said the paper's lead author Prithiviraj Fernando, a Smithsonian research associate and chairman of CCR. "Most of these elephants didn't stay put; they left the relocation area and ventured back into agricultural lands, causing problems."

Using remote-download GPS collars, the researchers monitored 12 translocated, adult male elephants and compared their movement and propensity for conflict with 12 males left in their normal home ranges. Before the study, all of the translocated elephants and 10 of the elephants left in their home ranges were considered problem elephants.

Two of the translocated elephants were killed within the national parks where they were released, and the rest of the elephants left the parks within one to 260 days. Some of the elephants moved back toward their capture site, others wandered over large distances and a few settled close to the park where they were released. But nearly all of the translocated elephants were involved in human-elephant conflict after their release, killing five people over the time of the study. Five of the elephants also died within eight months of release. The elephants left in their original home range did not kill any humans and one elephant was shot and killed. "There are many ongoing translocation projects based on the assumption that this technique is effective, and our joint study is the first comprehensive assessment of whether that's true," said Peter Leimgruber, SCBI research scientist and co-author of the paper. "We were stunned that translocation neither solves the conflict nor saves elephants."

Human-elephant conflict is a major conservation, socioeconomic and political issue across Asian elephant range in Asia and Africa. It is also one of the major threats to the survival of Asian elephants, which are listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Between 35,000 and 50,000 Asian elephants are left in the wild. Across elephant range hundreds of problem elephants are translocated each year. "As you track the elephants, you identify with these animals, you see their struggles and understand why they're doing the things that ultimately get them killed," Leimgruber said. "But you also understand that elephants represent a serious threat to humans and their livelihood."

The paper's authors suggest that rather than focus on translocation, land managers and conservationists need to implement land-use plans that minimize crop raiding and create mixed-use zones that both humans and elephants can use, in addition to zones where only one or the other is allowed.

Current Literature

Aben, J., Adriaensen, F., Thijs, K.W., Pellikka, P., Siljander, M., Lens, L., and Matthysen, E. 2012. Effects of matrix composition and configuration on forest bird movements in a fragmented Afromontane biodiversity hot spot. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):658-668.

Acevedo, P., Melo-Ferreira, J., Real, R., and Alves, P.C. 2012. Past, present and future distributions of an Iberian endemic, Lepus granatensis: ecological and evolutionary clues from species distribution models. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51529.

Adnan, M., and Holscher, D. 2012. Diversity of medicinal plants among different forest-use types of the Pakistani Himalaya. Econ. Bot. 66(4):344-356.

Aebischer, N.J., and Ewald, J.A. 2012. The grey partridge in the UK: population status, research, policy and prospects. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):353-362.

Aguado, M., Vicente, M.J., Franco, J.A., and Martínez-Sánchez, J.J. 2012. The role of the soil seed bank in the unpredictable habitat of Anthemis chrysantha J. Gay, a critically endangered species. Flora 207(12):903-907.

Albano, N. 2012. Conservation physiology tools: their role in assessing habitat quality in birds. Ardeola 59(2):197-216.

Ali, H., Ahmad, H., Marwat, K.B., Yousaf, M., Gul, B., and Khan, I. 2012. Trade potential and conservation issues of medicinal plants in district Swat, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Bot. 44(6):1905-1912.

Altwegg, R., Collingham, Y.C., Erni, B., and Huntley, B. 2013. Density-dependent dispersal and the speed of range expansions. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):60-68.

Ammondt, S.A., Litton, C.M., Ellsworth, L.M., and Leary, J.K. 2013. Restoration of native plant communities in a Hawaiian dry lowland ecosystem dominated by the invasive grass Megathyrsus maximus. Appl. Veg. Sci. 16(1):29-39.

An, S.Q., Tian, Z.Q., Cai, Y., Wen, T., Xu, D.L., Jiang, H., Yao, Z.G., Guan, B.H., Sheng, S., Ouyang, Y., and Cheng, X.L. 2013. Wetlands of Northeast Asia and High Asia: an overview. Aquat. Sci. 75(1):63-71.

Andrieu, E., Fréville, H., Besnard, A., Vaudey, V., Gauthier, P., Thompson, J.D., and Debussche, M. 2013. Forest-cutting rapidly improves the demographic status of Paeonia officinalis, a species threatened by forest closure. Pop. Ecol. 55(1):147-158.

Arrébola, J., Razkin, O., Gómez-Moliner, B., and Páll-Gergely, B. 2012. Redescription of Orculella aragonica (Westerlund 1897), an Iberian species different from O. bulgarica (Hesse 1915) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Orculidae). North-West. J. Zool. 8(2):292-299.

Asah, S.T., and Blahna, D.J. 2012. Motivational functionalism and urban conservation stewardship: implications for volunteer involvement. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):470-477.

Augenstein, B., Ulrich, W., and Habel, J.C. 2012. Directional temporal shifts in community structure of butterflies and ground beetles in fragmented oligotrophic grasslands of Central Europe. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13(8):715-724.

Ávila, E., Méndez-Trejo, M.D., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., López-Vivas, J.M., and Sentíes, A. 2012. Epibiotic traits of the invasive red seaweed Acanthophora spicifera in La Paz Bay, South Baja California (Eastern Pacific). Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 33(4):470-480.

Aycrigg, J.L., Davidson, A., Svancara, L.K., Gergely, K.J., McKerrow, A., and Scott, J.M. 2013. Representation of ecological systems within the protected areas network of the continental United States. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54689.

Balch, J.K., Bradley, B.A., D'Antonio, C.M., and Gómez-Dans, J. 2013. Introduced annual grass increases regional fire activity across the arid western USA (1980-2009). Global Change Biol. 19(1):173-183.

Balog, A., Hartel, T., Máthé, I., and Urák, I. 2012. Carabid assemblages along a land use gradient in a Carpathian Mountain landscape. North-West. J. Zool. 8(2):215-222.

Banerjee, K., Jhala, Y.V., Chauhan, K.S., and Dave, C.V. 2013. Living with lions: the economics of coexistence in the Gir forests, India. PLoS ONE 8(1):e49457.

Banks-Leite, C., Ewers, R.M., and Metzger, J.P. 2012. Unraveling the drivers of community dissimilarity and species extinction in fragmented landscapes. Ecology 93(12):2560-2569.

Barber-Meyer, S.M., Jnawali, S.R., Karki, J.B., Khanal, P., Lohani, S., Long, B., MacKenzie, D.I., Pandav, B., Pradhan, N.M.B., Shrestha, R., Subedi, N., Thapa, G., Thapa, K., and Wikramanayake, E. 2013. Influence of prey depletion and human disturbance on tiger occupancy in Nepal. J. Zool. 289(1):10-18.

Bauer, J.T., Shannon, S.M., Stoops, R.E., and Reynolds, H.L. 2012. Context dependency of the allelopathic effects of Lonicera maackii on seed germination. Plant Ecol. 213(12):1907-1916.

Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., Surbeck, M., and Fruth, B. 2013. Seed dispersal strategies and the threat of defaunation in a Congo forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):225-238.

Beer, N.A., and Joyce, C.B. 2013. North Atlantic coastal lagoons: conservation, management and research challenges in the twenty-first century. Hydrobiologia 701(1):1-11.

Bennett, J.R., Dunwiddie, P.W., Giblin, D.E., and Arcese, P. 2012. Native versus exotic community patterns across three scales: roles of competition, environment and incomplete invasion. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 14(6):381-392.

Bernardo-Silva, J., Martins-Ferreira, C., Maneyro, R., and de Freitas, T.R.O. 2012. Identification of priority areas for conservation of two endangered parapatric species of red-bellied toads using ecological niche models and hotspot analysis. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):207-213.

Bertolino, S., and Lurz, P.W.W. 2013. Callosciurus squirrels: worldwide introductions, ecological impacts and recommendations to prevent the establishment of new invasive populations. Mammal Rev. 43(1):22-33.

Bezanson, M., Stowe, R., and Watts, S.M. 2013. Reducing the ecological impact of field research. Am. J. Primatol. 75(1):1-9.

Billionnet, A. 2013. Solution of the generalized Noah's Ark problem. Syst. Biol. 62(1):147-156.

Blockeel, T.L. 2012. Notes on the bryophytes of the schistose valleys of western Crete, including Asterella africana new to Greece, and an assessment of the conservation status of Rhamphidium purpuratum and Jungermannia handelii. J. Bryol. 34:292-U6.

Bódis, E., Borza, P., Potyó, I., Puky, M., Weiperth, A., and Guti, G. 2012. Invasive mollusc, crustacean, fish and reptile species along the Hungarian stretch of the River Danube and some connected waters. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 58:29-45.

Bond, J.E. 2012. Phylogenetic treatment and taxonomic revision of the trapdoor spider genus Aptostichus Simon (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Euctenizidae). ZooKeys 252:1-209.

Bottrill, M.C., and Pressey, R.L. 2012. The effectiveness and evaluation of conservation planning. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):407-420.

Braithwaite, J.E., Meeuwig, J.J., and Jenner, K.C.S. 2012. Estimating cetacean carrying capacity based on spacing behaviour. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51347.

Brambilla, M., Falco, R., and Negri, I. 2012. A spatially explicit assessment of within-season changes in environmental suitability for farmland birds along an altitudinal gradient. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):638-647.

Brandner, J., Auerswald, K., Cerwenka, A.F., Schliewen, U.K., and Geist, J. 2013. Comparative feeding ecology of invasive Ponto-Caspian gobies. Hydrobiologia 703(1):113-131.

Brooks, J.S., Waylen, K.A., and Mulder, M.B. 2012. How national context, project design, and local community characteristics influence success in community-based conservation projects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(52):21265-21270.

Brousseau, P.M., Hébert, C., Cloutier, C., and Côté, S.D. 2013. Short-term effects of reduced white-tailed deer density on insect communities in a strongly overbrowsed boreal forest ecosystem. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):77-92.

Brühl, C.A., Schmidt, T., Pieper, S., and Alscher, A. 2013. Terrestrial pesticide exposure of amphibians: an underestimated cause of global decline? Sci. Rep. 3:1135.

Buckley, K., Kelly, P., Kavanagh, B., O'Gorman, E.C., Carnus, T., and McMahon, B.J. 2012. Every partridge counts, successful techniques used in the captive conservation breeding programme for wild grey partridge in Ireland. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):387-393.

Burnham, D., Hinks, A.E., and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Life and dinner under the shared umbrella: patterns in felid and primate communities. Folia Primatol. 83(3-6):148-170.

Bush, A., Theischinger, G., Nipperess, D., Turak, E., and Hughes, L. 2013. Dragonflies: climate canaries for river management. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):86-97.

Butchart, S.H.M., McCarthy, D.P., Balmford, A., Bennun, L.A., Buchanan, G.M., Burgess, N.D., Donald, P.F., Fishpool, L.D.C., Garnett, S.T., Leonard, D.L., Maloney, R.F., Schaefer, H.M., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Symes, A., and Wiedenfeld, D.A. 2013. Sharing future conservation costs response. Science 339(6117):271-272.

Buzatti, R.S.D., Ribeiro, R.A., de Lemos, J.P., and Lovato, M.B. 2012. Fine-scale spatial genetic structure of Dalbergia nigra (Fabaceae), a threatened and endemic tree of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Genet. Mol. Biol. 35(4):838-846.

Capps, K.A., and Flecker, A.S. 2013. Invasive fishes generate biogeochemical hotspots in a nutrient-limited system. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54093.

Carmona-Catot, G., Magellan, K., and García-Berthou , E. 2013. Temperature-specific competition between invasive mosquitofish and an endangered cyprinodontid fish. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54734.

Carrera, M., Nabte, M.J., and Udrizar-Sauthier, D.E. 2012. Geographic distribution, natural history and conservation of the lesser grison Galictis cuja (Carnivora: Mustelidae) from Central Patagonia, Argentina. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 83(4):1254-1259.

Caruso, N.M., and Lips, K.R. 2013. Truly enigmatic declines in terrestrial salamander populations in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):38-48.

Cascante-Marín, A., and Nivia-Ruíz, A. 2013. Neotropical flowering epiphyte diversity: local composition and geographic affinities. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):113-125.

Ceulemans, T., Merckx, R., Hens, M., and Honnay, O. 2013. Plant species loss from European semi-natural grasslands following nutrient enrichment - is it nitrogen or is it phosphorus? Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 22(1):73-82.

Chaichana, R., and Jongphadungkiet, S. 2012. Assessment of the invasive catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Castelnau, 1855) in Thailand: ecological impacts and biological control alternatives. Trop. Zool. 25(4):173-182.

Chama, L., Berens, D.G., Downs, C.T., and Farwig, N. 2013. Habitat characteristics of forest fragments determine specialisation of plant-frugivore networks in a mosaic forest landscape. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54956.

Chapple, D.G., Miller, K.A., Kraus, F., and Thompson, M.B. 2013. Divergent introduction histories among invasive populations of the delicate skink (Lampropholis delicata): has the importance of genetic admixture in the success of biological invasions been overemphasized? Divers. Distrib. 19(2):134-146.

Che-Castaldo, J.P., and Neel, M.C. 2012. Testing surrogacy assumptions: can threatened and endangered plants be grouped by biological similarity and abundances? PLoS ONE 7(12):e51659.

Cires, E., Cuesta, C., and Prieto, J.A.F. 2013. Genetic diversity and structure in fragmented populations of the endangered species Ranunculus cabrerensis (Ranunculaceae): implications for conservation. Biologia 68(1):30-40.

Cizek, O., Vrba, P., Benes, J., Hrazsky, Z., Koptik, J., Kucera, T., Marhoul, P., Zamecnik, J., and Konvicka, M. 2013. Conservation potential of abandoned military areas matches that of established reserves: plants and butterflies in the Czech Republic. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53124.

Čížková, H., Květ, J., Comín, F.A., Laiho, R., Pokorný, J., and Pithart, D. 2013. Actual state of European wetlands and their possible future in the context of global climate change. Aquat. Sci. 75(1):3-26.

Clements, G.R., Rayan, D.M., Aziz, S.A., Kawanishi, K., Traeholt, C., Magintan, D., Yazi, M.F.A., and Tingley, R. 2012. Predicting the distribution of the Asian tapir in Peninsular Malaysia using maximum entropy modeling. Integr. Zool. 7(4):400-406.

Clostio, R.W., Martinez, A.M., LeBlanc, K.E., and Anthony, N.M. 2012. Population genetic structure of a threatened tortoise across the south-eastern United States: implications for conservation management. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):613-625.

Cole, C.J., Townsend, C.R., Reynolds, R.P., MacCulloch, R.D., and Lathrop, A. 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 125(4):317-620.

Collins, K.E., Doscher, C., Rennie, H.G., and Ross, J.G. 2013. The effectiveness of riparian 'restoration' on water quality-a case study of lowland streams in Canterbury, New Zealand. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):40-48.

Concilio, A.L., Loik, M.E., and Belnap, J. 2013. Global change effects on Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae) at its high-elevation range margin. Global Change Biol. 19(1):161-172.

Costello, M.J., Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G., Fauchald, K., Gordon, D., Hoeksema, B.W., Poore, G.C.B., van Soest, R.W.M., Stöhr, S., Walter, T.C., Vanhoorne, B., Decock, W., and Appeltans, W. 2013. Global coordination and standardisation in marine biodiversity through the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) and related databases. PLoS ONE 8(1):e51629.

Costello, M.J., May, R.M., and Stork, N.E. 2013. Can we name Earth's species before they go extinct? Science 339(6118):413-416.

Côté, I.M., Green, S.J., Morris, J.A., Akins, J.L., and Steinke, D. 2013. Diet richness of invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish revealed by DNA barcoding. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 472:249-256.

Cummings, J.A., Parker, I.M., and Gilbert, G.S. 2012. Allelopathy: a tool for weed management in forest restoration. Plant Ecol. 213(12):1975-1989.

Cunha, A.H., Assis, J.F., and Serrão, E.A. 2013. Seagrasses in Portugal: a most endangered marine habitat. Aquat. Bot. 104:193-203.

Cursach, J., and Rita, J. 2012. Reproductive biology of Ranunculus weyleri (Ranunculaceae), a narrowly endemic plant from the Balearic Islands with disjunct populations. Flora 207(10):726-735.

Da Silva, A.G., Campos-Arceiz, A., and Zavada, M.S. 2012. On tapir ecology, evolution and conservation: what we know and future perspectives-part I. Integr. Zool. 7(4):329-330.

Dalvi, S., Sreenivasan, R., and Price, T. 2013. Exploitation in northeast India. Science 339(6117):270.

de Buruaga, M.S., Onrubia, A., Fernández-García, J.M., Campos, M.A., Canales, F., and Unamuno, J.M. 2012. Breeding habitat use and conservation status of the turtle dove Streptopelia turtur in northern Spain. Ardeola 59(2):291-300.

De Castro, O., Sepe, F., Di Maio, A., Cennamo, P., De Luca, P., Gianguzzi, L., and Menale, B. 2013. Genetic structure in the paleoendemic and endangered Petagnaea gussonei (Spreng.) Rauschert (Saniculoideae, Apiaceae) and implications for its conservation. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(1):209-223.

de Freitas, M.A., de França, D.P.F., Graboski, R., Uhlig, V., and Veríssimo, D. 2012. Notes on the conservation status, geographic distribution and ecology of Bothrops muriciensis Ferrarezzi & Freire, 2001 (Serpentes, Viperidae). North-West. J. Zool. 8(2):338-343.

De Giovanni, R., Bernacci, L.C., de Siqueira, M.F., and Rocha, F.S. 2012. The real task of selecting records for ecological niche modelling. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):139-144.

de la O-Toris, J., Maldonado, B., and Martínez-Garza, C. 2012. Effect of perturbation in the native and ruderal herbs community in a Mexican dry forest. Bot. Sci. 90(4):469-480.

de Segura, A.G., Martínez, J.M., and Alcántara, M. 2012. Populaton size of the endangeed vulture Gypaetus barbatus in Aragon (Spain): an approximation to the pyrenean population. Ardeola 59(1):43-55.

de Zeeuw, M.P., Westbroek, I., van Oijen, M.J.P., and Witte, F. 2013. Two new species of zooplanktivorous haplochromine cichlids from Lake Victoria, Tanzania. ZooKeys (256):1-34.

Di Bitetti, M.S., Albanesi, S.A., Foguet, M.J., De Angelo, C., and Brown, A.D. 2013. The effect of anthropic pressures and elevation on the large and medium-sized terrestrial mammals of the subtropical mountain forests (Yungas) of NW Argentina. Mamm. Biol. 78(1):21-27.

Diacon-Bolli, J., Dalang, T., Holderegger, R., and Bürgi, M. 2012. Heterogeneity fosters biodiversity: linking history and ecology of dry calcareous grasslands. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13(8):641-653.

Dias, F.S., Bugalho, M.N., Cerdeira, J.O., and Martins, M.J. 2013. Is forest certification targeting areas of high biodiversity in cork oak savannas? Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):93-112.

Dickman, A.J. 2012. From cheetahs to chimpanzees: a comparative review of the drivers of human-carnivore conflict and human-primate conflict. Folia Primatol. 83(3-6):377-387.

Ding, G., Zhang, D.Z., Yu, Y.Q., Zhao, L.L., and Zhang, B.B. 2013. Population genetic diversity and divergence of the halobiotic herb Limonium sinense estimated by AFLP and ISSR, and implications for conservation. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(1):131-138.

Dobrowski, S.Z., Abatzoglou, J., Swanson, A.K., Greenberg, J.A., Mynsberge, A.R., Holden, Z.A., and Schwartz, M.K. 2013. The climate velocity of the contiguous United States during the 20th century. Global Change Biol. 19(1):241-251.

Dostál, P., Dawson, W., van Kleunen, M., Keser, L.H., and Fischer, M. 2013. Central European plant species from more productive habitats are more invasive at a global scale. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 22(1):64-72.

Doumas, S.L., and Koprowski, J.L. 2013. Return of fire as a restoration tool: long-term effects of burn severity on habitat use by Mexican fox squirrels. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):133-139.

Drake, K.K., Nussear, K.E., Esque, T.C., Barber, A.M., Vittum, K.M., Medica, P.A., Tracy, C.R., and Hunter, K.W. 2012. Does translocation influence physiological stress in the desert tortoise? Anim. Conserv. 15(6):560-570.

Draycott, R.A.H. 2012. Restoration of a sustainable wild grey partridge shoot in eastern England. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):381-386.

Dunn, M., Estrada, N., and Smith, D.A. 2012. The coexistence of Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii) and indigenous hunters in northeastern Honduras. Integr. Zool. 7(4):429-438.

Ebert, C., Sandrini, J., Spielberger, B., Thiele, B., and Hohmann, U. 2012. Non-invasive genetic approaches for estimation of ungulate population size: a study on roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) based on faeces. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):267-275.

Edelist, D., Rilov, G., Golani, D., Carlton, J.T., and Spanier, E. 2013. Restructuring the Sea: profound shifts in the world's most invaded marine ecosystem. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):69-77.

Ellis, M.B. 2012. Management of waterfowl shooting during periods of severe weather in the UK. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):171-174.

Emde, S., Rueckert, S., Palm, H.W., and Klimpel, S. 2012. Invasive Ponto-Caspian amphipods and fish increase the distribution range of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus tereticollis in the River Rhine. PLoS ONE 7(12):e53218.

Engelkes, T., Wouters, B., Bezemer, T.M., Harvey, J.A., and van der Putten, W.H. 2012. Contrasting patterns of herbivore and predator pressure on invasive and native plants. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13(8):725-734.

Estrada, A. 2013. Socioeconomic contexts of primate conservation: population, poverty, global economic demands, and sustainable land use. Am. J. Primatol. 75(1):30-45.

Ewald, J.A., Potts, G.R., and Aebischer, N.J. 2012. Restoration of a wild grey partridge shoot: a major development in the Sussex study, UK. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):363-369.

Ewald, N., Kalettka, T., and Brendonck, L. 2012. Eyes of the landscape - value, conservation and management of European ponds. Limnologica 42(4):251-253.

Faaborg, J., Arendt, W.J., Toms, J.D., Dugger, K.M., Cox, W.A., and Mora, M.C. 2013. Long-term decline of a winter-resident bird community in Puerto Rico. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):63-75.

Fagaras, M. 2012. Habitats of conservative interest and plant communities in the sandy Black Sea coast area of Romania and Bulgaria. J. Environ. Prot. Ecol. 13(3A):1688-1694.

Farhadini, M.S., Hosseini-Zavarei, F., Nezami, B., Harati, H., Absalan, H., Fabiano, E., and Marker, L. 2012. Feeding ecology of the Asiatic cheetah Acinonyx jubatus venaticus in low prey habitats in northeastern Iran: implications for effective conservation. J. Arid Environ. 87:206-211.

Faria, V.V., McDavitt, M.T., Charvet, P., Wiley, T.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A., and Naylor, G.J.P. 2013. Species delineation and global population structure of Critically Endangered sawfishes (Pristidae). Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 167(1):136-164.

Fehér, Z., Albrecht, C., Major, Á., Sereda, S., and Krízsik, V. 2012. Extremely low genetic diversity in the endangered striped nerite, Theodoxus transversalis (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Neritidae) - a result of ancestral or recent effects? North-West. J. Zool. 8(2):300-307.

Fehérvári, P., Solt, S., Palatitz, P., Barna, K., Ágoston, A., Gergely, J., Nagy, A., Nagy, K., and Harnos, A. 2012. Allocating active conservation measures using species distribution models: a case study of red-footed falcon breeding site management in the Carpathian Basin. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):648-657.

Ferincz, Á., Staszny, Á., Ács, A., Weiperth, A., Tátrai, I., and Paulovits, G. 2012. Long-term development of fish assemblage in Lake Fenéki (Kis-Balaton Water Protection System, Hungary): succession, invasion and stabilization. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 58:3-18.

Fernando, P., Leimgruber, P., Prasad, T., and Pastorini, J. 2012. Problem-elephant translocation: translocating the problem and the elephant? PLoS ONE 7(12):e50917.

Ferraz, K.M.P.M.D., Ferraz, S.F.D., de Paula, R.C., Beisiegel, B., and Breitenmoser, C. 2012. Species distribution modeling for conservation purposes. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):214-220.

Ferreira, M., Wepener, V., and van Vuren, J.H.J. 2012. Aquatic invertebrate communities of perennial pans in Mpumalanga, South Africa: a diversity and functional approach. Afr. Invertebr. 53(2):751-768.

Ferretti, F., Osio, G.C., Jenkins, C.J., Rosenberg, A.A., and Lotze, H.K. 2013. Long-term change in a meso-predator community in response to prolonged and heterogeneous human impact. Sci. Rep. 3:1057.

Florens, F.B.V., and Baider, C. 2013. Ecological restoration in a developing island nation: how useful is the science? Restor. Ecol. 21(1):1-5.

Forget, G., Carreau, C., Le Coeur, D., and Bernez, I. 2013. Ecological restoration of headwaters in a rural landscape (Normandy, France): a passive approach taking hedge networks into account for riparian tree recruitment. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):96-104.

Francini, R.B., Coni, E.O.C., Meirelles, P.M., Amado, G.M., Thompson, F.L., Pereira, G.H., Bastos, A.C., Abrantes, D.P., Ferreira, C.M., Gibran, F.Z., Güth, A.Z., Sumida, P.Y.G., Oliveira, N.L., Kaufman, L., Minte-Vera, C.V., and Moura, R.L. 2013. Dynamics of coral reef benthic assemblages of the Abrolhos Bank, eastern Brazil: inferences on natural and anthropogenic drivers. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54260.

Franke, U., Goll, B., Hohmann, U., and Heurich, M. 2012. Aerial ungulate surveys with a combination of infrared and high-resolution natural colour images. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):285-293.

Frisch, A.J., Cole, A.J., Hobbs, J.P.A., Rizzari, J.R., and Munkres, K.P. 2012. Effects of spearfishing on reef fish populations in a multi-use conservation area. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51938.

Früh, D., Stoll, S., and Haase, P. 2012. Physico-chemical variables determining the invasion risk of freshwater habitats by alien mollusks and crustaceans. Ecol. Evol. 2(11):2843-2853.

Gaigher, R., and Samways, M.J. 2013. Strategic management of an invasive ant-scale mutualism enables recovery of a threatened tropical tree species. Biotropica 45(1):128-134.

García, M.J., Medici, E.P., Naranjo, E.J., Novarino, W., and Leonardo, R.S. 2012. Distribution, habitat and adaptability of the genus Tapirus. Integr. Zool. 7(4):346-355.

Gołdyn, B., Bernard, R., Czyż, M.J., and Jankowiak, A. 2012. Diversity and conservation status of large branchiopods (Crustacea) in ponds of western Poland. Limnologica 42(4):264-270.

Gonella, P.M., Rivadavia, F., and Sano, P.T. 2012. Re-establishment of Drosera spiralis (Droseraceae), and a new circumscription of D. graminifolia. Phytotaxa 75:43-57.

González-Maya, J.F., Schipper, J., Polidoro, B., Hoepker, A., Zárrate--Charry, D., and Belant, J.L. 2012. Baird's tapir density in high elevation forests of the Talamanca region of Costa Rica. Integr. Zool. 7(4):381-388.

Gopal, B. 2013. Future of wetlands in tropical and subtropical Asia, especially in the face of climate change. Aquat. Sci. 75(1):39-61.

Gopalaswamy, A.M., Karanth, K.U., Kumar, N.S., and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Estimating tropical forest ungulate densities from sign surveys using abundance models of occupancy. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):669-679.

Gordon, A., Bastin, L., Langford, W.T., Lechner, A.M., and Bekessy, S.A. 2013. Simulating the value of collaboration in multi-actor conservation planning. Ecol. Model. 249:19-25.

Goursi, U.H., Awan, M.S., Minhas, R.A., Ali, U., Kabir, M., and Dar, N.I. 2012. Status and conservation of Indian rock python (Python molurus molurus) in Deva Vatala National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. 44(6):1507-1514.

Gozlan, R.E., Burnard, D., Andreou, D., and Britton, J.R. 2013. Understanding the threats posed by non-native species: public vs. conservation managers. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53200.

Grason, E.W., and Miner, B.G. 2012. Preference alters consumptive effects of predators: top-down effects of a native crab on a system of native and introduced prey. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51322.

Gray, T.N.E., Phan, C., Pin, C., and Prum, S. 2012. Establishing a monitoring baseline for threatened large ungulates in eastern Cambodia. Wildlife Biol. 18(4):406-413.

Greene, L., Hebblewhite, M., and Stephenson, T.R. 2012. Short-term vegetation response to wildfire in the eastern Sierra Nevada: Implications for recovering an endangered ungulate. J. Arid Environ. 87:118-128.

Grove, S., Haubensak, K.A., and Parker, I.M. 2012. Direct and indirect effects of allelopathy in the soil legacy of an exotic plant invasion. Plant Ecol. 213(12):1869-1882.

Guzmán, R.C., Santana-Michel, F.J., and Balcazar-Medina, O. 2012. Agave manantlanicola (Agavaceae), a new species from western Mexico. Brittonia 64(3):330-335.

Hamman, S.T., and Hawkes, C.V. 2013. Biogeochemical and microbial legacies of non-native grasses can affect restoration success. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):58-66.

Hammer, M.P., Adams, M., and Foster, R. 2012. Update to the catalogue of South Australian freshwater fishes (Petromyzontida & Actinopterygii). Zootaxa 3593:59-74.

Hansen, A.L.S., Li, A., Joly, D., Mekaru, S., and Brownstein, J.S. 2012. Digital surveillance: a novel approach to monitoring the illegal wildlife trade. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51156.

Harris, R.N. 2012. Benefits and costs of using a lungworm parasite to control invasive toads in Australia. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):555-556.

Hebblewhite, M., Zimmermann, F., Li, Z., Miquelle, D.G., Zhang, M., Sun, H., Mörschel, F., Wu, Z., Sheng, L., Purekhovsky, A., and Chunquan, Z. 2012. Is there a future for Amur tigers in a restored tiger conservation landscape in Northeast China? Anim. Conserv. 15(6):579-592.

Hedrick, P.W., and Hurt, C.R. 2012. Conservation genetics and evolution in an endangered species: research in Sonoran topminnows. Evol. Appl. 5(8):806-819.

Heer, P., Pellet, J., Sierro, A., and Arlettaz, R. 2013. Evidence-based assessment of butterfly habitat restoration to enhance management practices. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):239-252.

Helgen, K.M., Miguez, R.P., Kohen, J.L., and Helgen, L.E. 2012. Twentieth century occurrence of the Long-Beaked Echidna Zaglossus bruijnii in the Kimberley region of Australia. ZooKeys 255:103-132.

Ho, S.S., Bond, N.R., and Thompson, R.M. 2013. Does seasonal flooding give a native species an edge over a global invader? Freshwater Biol. 58(1):159-170.

Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Tanaka, N., and Kunii, H. 2013. Evaluation of genetic diversity in Zostera japonica (Aschers. et Graebn.) for seagrass conservation in brackish lower reaches of the Hii River system, Japan. Estuaries Coasts 36(1):127-134.

Horňák, K., and Corno, G. 2012. Every coin has a back side: invasion by Limnohabitans planktonicus promotes the maintenance of species diversity in bacterial communities. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51576.

Hough-Goldstein, J.A. 2012. Is Typhoid Mary a good role model? Anim. Conserv. 15(6):553-554.

Houston, K., and Wolff, K. 2012. Rhinanthus minor population genetic structure and subspecies: potential seed sources of a keystone species in grassland restoration projects. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 14(6):423-433.

Hudman, S.P., and Gido, K.B. 2013. Multi-scale effects of impoundments on genetic structure of creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) in the Kansas River basin. Freshwater Biol. 58(2):441-453.

Inza, M.V., Zelener, N., Fornes, L., and Gallo, L.A. 2012. Effect of latitudinal gradient and impact of logging on genetic diversity of Cedrela lilloi along the Argentine Yungas Rainforest. Ecol. Evol. 2(11):2722-2736.

Irvine, I.C., Witter, M.S., Brigham, C.A., and Martiny, J.B.H. 2013. Relationships between methylobacteria and glyphosate with native and invasive plant species: implications for restoration. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):105-113.

Johnson, H.E., Hebblewhite, M., Stephenson, T.R., German, D.W., Pierce, B.M., and Bleich, V.C. 2013. Evaluating apparent competition in limiting the recovery of an endangered ungulate. Oecologia 171(1):295-307.

Jones, M.C., Dye, S.R., Fernandes, J.A., Frolicher, T.L., Pinnegar, J.K., Warren, R., and Cheung, W.W.L. 2013. Predicting the impact of climate change on threatened species in UK waters. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54216.

Kalusová, V., Chytrý, M., Kartesz, J.T., Nishino, M., and Pyšek, P. 2013. Where do they come from and where do they go? European natural habitats as donors of invasive alien plants globally. Divers. Distrib. 19(2):199-214.

Kamino, L.H.Y., de Siqueira, M.F., Sánchez-Tapia, A., and Stehmann, J.R. 2012. Reassessment of the extinction risk of endemic species in the Neotropics: how can modelling tools help us? Nat. Conservacao 10(2):191-198.

Kaphegyi, T.A.M., Dees, M., Zlatanova, D., Ueffing, C., Dutsov, A., and Kaphegyi, U. 2013. Rapid assessment of linear transport infrastructure in relation to the impact on landscape continuity for large ranging mammals. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):153-168.

Kaplan, H., Van Zyl, H.W.F., Le Roux, J.J., Richardson, D.M., and Wilson, J.R.U. 2012. Distribution and management of Acacia implexa (Benth.) in South Africa: a suitable target for eradication? S. Afr. J. Bot. 83:23-35.

Király, I., Nascimbene, J., Tinya, F., and Ódor, P. 2013. Factors influencing epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species richness at different spatial scales in managed temperate forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):209-223.

Konečný, A., Estoup, A., Duplantier, J.M., Bryja, J., Bâ, K., Galan, M., Tatard, C., and Cosson, J.F. 2013. Invasion genetics of the introduced black rat (Rattus rattus) in Senegal, West Africa. Mol. Ecol. 22(2):286-300.

Kornis, M.S., Sharma, S., and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2013. Invasion success and impact of an invasive fish, round goby, in Great Lakes tributaries. Divers. Distrib. 19(2):184-198.

Kuaraksa, C., and Elliott, S. 2013. The use of Asian Ficus species for restoring tropical forest ecosystems. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):86-95.

Kumar, A.N.A., Joshi, G., and Ram, H.Y.M. 2012. Sandalwood: history, uses, present status and the future. Curr. Sci. 103(12):1408-1416.

Kyes, R.C., Iskandar, E., Onibala, J., Paputungan, U., Laatung, S., and Huettmann, F. 2013. Long-term population survey of the Sulawesi black macaques (Macaca nigra) at Tangkoko Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Am. J. Primatol. 75(1):88-94.

Laitila, J., and Moilanen, A. 2012. Use of many low-level conservation targets reduces high-level conservation performance. Ecol. Model. 247:40-47.

Langseth, B.J., Rogers, M., and Zhang, H.Y. 2012. Modeling species invasions in Ecopath with Ecosim: an evaluation using Laurentian Great Lakes models. Ecol. Model. 247:251-261.

Larsen, L.G., Choi, J., Nungesser, M.K., and Harvey, J.W. 2012. Directional connectivity in hydrology and ecology. Ecol. Appl. 22(8):2204-2220.

Lemes, P., and Loyola, R.D. 2013. Accommodating species climate-forced dispersal and uncertainties in spatial conservation planning. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54323.

Li, J.S., Lin, X., Chen, A.P., Peterson, T., Ma, K.P., Bertzky, M., Ciais, P., Kapos, V., Peng, C.H., and Poulter, B. 2013. Global priority conservation areas in the face of 21st century climate change. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54839.

Li, Z.R., Wu, N., Gao, X.F., Wu, Y., and Oli, K.P. 2013. Species-level phenological responses to 'global warming' as evidenced by herbarium collections in the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):141-152.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Franklin, J.F., Lõhmus, A., Baker, S.C., Bauhus, J., Beese, W., Brodie, A., Kiehl, B., Kouki, J., Pastur, G.M., Messier, C., Neyland, M., Palik, B., Sverdrup-Thygeson, A., Volney, J., Wayne, A., and Gustafsson, L. 2012. A major shift to the retention approach for forestry can help resolve some global forest sustainability issues. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):421-431.

Lindsey, P.A., Havemann, C.P., Lines, R., Palazy, L., Price, A.E., Retief, T.A., Rhebergen, T., and Van der Waal, C. 2013. Determinants of persistence and tolerance of carnivores on Namibian ranches: implications for conservation on southern African private lands. PLoS ONE 8(1):e52458.

Lishawa, S.C., Treering, D.J., Vail, L.M., McKenna, O., Grimm, E.C., and Tuchman, N.C. 2013. Reconstructing plant invasions using historical aerial imagery and pollen core analysis: Typha in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):14-28.

Liu, C.R., White, M., Newell, G., and Griffioen, P. 2013. Species distribution modelling for conservation planning in Victoria, Australia. Ecol. Model. 249:68-74.

Liu, J.Y. 2013. Status of marine biodiversity of the China seas. PLoS ONE 8(1):e50719.

López, C., Poladura, A., Hernández, J.C., Martín, L., Concepción, L., Sangil, C., and Clemente, S. 2012. Contrasting effects of protection from harvesting in populations of two limpet species in a recently established marine protected area. Sci. Mar. 76(4):799-807.

Lopez, L., and Barreiro, R. 2013. Genetic guidelines for the conservation of the endangered polyploid Centaurea borjae (Asteraceae). J. Plant Res. 126(1):81-93.

Luck, G.W., Chan, K.M.A., Eser, U., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Matzdorf, B., Norton, B., and Potschin, M.B. 2012. Ethical considerations in on-ground applications of the ecosystem services concept. BioScience 62(12):1020-1029.

Lye, K.A. 2012. Studies in African Cyperaceae 37: Scleria aurantiaca sp. nov. from Gabon. Nord. J. Bot. 30(6):709-711.

Lynam, A.J., Tantipisanuh, N., Chutipong, W., Ngoprasert, D., Baker, M.C., Cutter, P., Gale, G., Kitamura, S., Steinmetz, R., Sukmasuang, R., and Thunhikorn, S. 2012. Comparative sensitivity to environmental variation and human disturbance of Asian tapirs (Tapirus indicus) and other wild ungulates in Thailand. Integr. Zool. 7(4):389-399.

Macdonald, D.W., Burnham, D., Hinks, A.E., and Wrangham, R. 2012. A problem shared is a problem reduced: seeking efficiency in the conservation of felids and primates. Folia Primatol. 83(3-6):171-215.

Maceda-Veiga, A., De Sostoa, A., and Sánchez-Espada, S. 2013. Factors affecting the establishment of the invasive crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Mediterranean rivers of the northeastern Iberian Peninsula. Hydrobiologia 703(1):33-45.

MacKenzie, R.A., and Kryss, C.L. 2013. Impacts of exotic mangroves and chemical eradication of mangroves on tide pool fish assemblages. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 472:219-237.

MacNeil, C., Boets, P., Lock, K., and Goethals, P.L.M. 2013. Potential effects of the invasive 'killer shrimp' (Dikerogammarus villosus) on macroinvertebrate assemblages and biomonitoring indices. Freshwater Biol. 58(1):171-182.

Mangini, P.R., Medici, E.P., and Fernandes-Santos, R.C. 2012. Tapir health and conservation medicine. Integr. Zool. 7(4):331-345.

Mannouris, C., and Byers, D.L. 2013. The impact of habitat fragmentation on fitness-related traits in a native prairie plant, Chamaecrista fasciculata (Fabaceae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 108(1):55-67.

Markov, G.G., Kuznetsova, M.V., Danilkin, A.A., and Kholodova, M.V. 2012. Analysis of genetic diversity of red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) in Bulgaria: implications for population conservation and sustainable management. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 64(4):389-396.

Martín, C.A., Martínez, C., Bautista, L.M., and Martín, B. 2012. Population increase of the great bustard Otis tarda in its main distribuiton area in relation to changes in farming practice. Ardeola 59(1):31-42.

Mata, T.M., Haddad, N.M., and Holyoak, M. 2013. How invader traits interact with resident communities and resource availability to determine invasion success. Oikos 122(1):149-160.

Mate, I., Barrull, J., Salicrú, M., Ruiz-Olmo, J., and Gosàlbez, J. 2013. Habitat selection by Southern water vole (Arvicola sapidus) in riparian environments of Mediterranean mountain areas: a conservation tool for the species. Acta Theriol. 58(1):25-37.

Mateo-Moriones, A., Villafuerte, R., and Ferreras, P. 2012. Does fox control improve red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) survival? An experimental study in Northern Spain. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):395-404.

Maurice, A.C., Abdelkrim, J., Cisel, M., Zavodna, M., Bardin, P., Matamoro, A., Dumez, R., and Machon, N. 2013. Mixing plants from different origins to restore a declining population: ecological outcomes and local perceptions 10 years later. PLoS ONE 8(1):e50934.

Mawdsley, J.R., and Sithole, H. 2012. Tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) of the Kruger National Park, South Africa: distribution, habitat associations and conservation status. Afr. Entomol. 20(2):266-275.

McCann, N.P., Wheeler, P.M., Coles, T., and Bruford, M.W. 2012. Rapid ongoing decline of Baird's tapir in Cusuco National Park, Honduras. Integr. Zool. 7(4):420-428.

McFarland, K.P., Rimmer, C.C., Goetz, J.E., Aubry, Y., Wunderle, J.M., Sutton, A., Townsend, J.M., Sosa, A.L., and Kirkconnell, A. 2013. A winter distribution model for Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli), a conservation tool for a threatened migratory songbird. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53986.

McGowan, P.J.K., Owens, L.L., and Grainger, M.J. 2012. Galliformes science and species extinctions: what we know and what we need to know. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):321-331.

McGranahan, D.A., Engle, D.M., Wilsey, B.J., Fuhlendorf, S.D., Miller, J.R., and Debinski, D.M. 2012. Grazing and an invasive grass confound spatial pattern of exotic and native grassland plant species richness. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13(8):654-662.

McRae, B.H., Hall, S.A., Beier, P., and Theobald, D.M. 2012. Where to restore ecological connectivity? Detecting barriers and quantifying restoration benefits. PLoS ONE 7(12):e52604.

Medici, E.P., and Desbiez, A.L.J. 2012. Population viability analysis: using a modeling tool to assess the viability of tapir populations in fragmented landscapes. Integr. Zool. 7(4):356-372.

Medina-Romero, M., Goyenechea, I., and Castillo-Cerón, J. 2012. Phylogenetic measures applied to the conservation of Mexican marsupials. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 83(4):1217-1228.

Meena, D., and Singh, A. 2012. Oran of Rohida: an endangered tree species of Rajasthan. Curr. Sci. 103(12):1389.

Meiners, S.J., Kong, C.H., Ladwig, L.M., Pisula, N.L., and Lang, K.A. 2012. Developing an ecological context for allelopathy. Plant Ecol. 213(12):1861-1867.

Mendoza-Hernández, P.E., Orozco-Segovia, A., Meave, J.A., Valverde, T., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2013. Vegetation recovery and plant facilitation in a human-disturbed lava field in a megacity: searching tools for ecosystem restoration. Plant Ecol. 214(1):153-167.

Menz, M.H.M., Dixon, K.W., and Hobbs, R.J. 2013. Hurdles and opportunities for landscape-scale restoration. Science 339(6119):526-527.

Meraner, A., Gratton, P., Baraldi, F., and Gandolfi, A. 2013. Nothing but a trace left? Autochthony and conservation status of Northern Adriatic Salmo trutta inferred from PCR multiplexing, mtDNA control region sequencing and microsatellite analysis. Hydrobiologia 702(1):201-213.

Messner, J.S., Maclennan, M.M., and Vinebrooke, R.D. 2013. Higher temperatures enhance the effects of invasive sportfish on mountain zooplankton communities. Freshwater Biol. 58(2):354-364.

Metcalfe, K., Delavenne, J., Garcia, C., Foveau, A., Dauvin, J.C., Coggan, R., Vaz, S., Harrop, S.R., and Smith, R.J. 2013. Impacts of data quality on the setting of conservation planning targets using the species-area relationship. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):1-13.

Middleton, D.J., and Möller, M. 2012. Tribounia, a new genus of Gesneriaceae from Thailand. Taxon 61(6):1286-1295.

Mikulášková, E., Fajmonová, Z., and Hájek, M. 2012. Invasion of central-European habitats by the moss Campylopus introflexus. Preslia 84(4):863-886.

Milbau, A., Shevtsova, A., Osler, N., Mooshammer, M., and Graae, B.J. 2013. Plant community type and small-scale disturbances, but not altitude, influence the invasibility in subarctic ecosystems. New Phytol. 197(3):1002-1011.

Minteer, B.A., and Pyne, S.J. 2013. Restoring the narrative of American environmentalism. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):6-11.

Mitchell, S.A. 2013. The status of wetlands, threats and the predicted effect of global climate change: the situation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Aquat. Sci. 75(1):95-112.

Moilanen, A., Anderson, B.J., Arponen, A., Pouzols, F.M., and Thomas, C.D. 2013. Edge artefacts and lost performance in national versus continental conservation priority areas. Divers. Distrib. 19(2):171-183.

Mokotjomela, T.M., Musil, C.F., and Esler, K.J. 2013. Do frugivorous birds concentrate their foraging activities on those alien plants with the most abundant and nutritious fruits in the South African Mediterranean-climate region? Plant Ecol. 214(1):49-59.

Mora, J.L., Armas-Herrera, C.M., Guerra, J.A., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, A., and Arbelo, C.D. 2012. Factors affecting vegetation and soil recovery in the Mediterranean woodland of the Canary Islands (Spain). J. Arid Environ. 87:58-66.

Morandin, L.A., and Kremen, C. 2013. Bee preference for native versus exotic plants in restored agricultural hedgerows. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):26-32.

Morley, C.G., and Winder, L. 2013. The effect of the small Indian mongoose (Urva auropunctatus), island quality and habitat on the distribution of native and endemic birds on small islands within Fiji. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53842.

Moro, M.F., Souza, V.C., de Oliveira, A.T., de Queiroz, L.P., de Fraga, C.N., Rodal, M.J.N., de Araújo, F.S., and Martins, F.R. 2012. Aliens in the room: what to do with exotic species in taxonomic, floristic and phytosociological studies? Acta Bot. Bras. 26(4):991-999.

Mortelliti, A. 2013. Targeting habitat management in fragmented landscapes: a case study with forest vertebrates. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):187-207.

Naiman, R.J., Alldredge, J.R., Beauchamp, D.A., Bisson, P.A., Congleton, J., Henny, C.J., Huntly, N., Lamberson, R., Levings, C., Merrill, E.N., Pearcy, W.G., Rieman, B.E., Ruggerone, G.T., Scarnecchia, D., Smouse, P.E., and Wood, C.C. 2012. Developing a broader scientific foundation for river restoration: Columbia River food webs. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(52):21201-21207.

Nakagawa, M., Momose, K., Kishimoto-Yamada, K., Kamoi, T., Tanaka, H.O., Kaga, M., Yamashita, S., Itioka, T., Nagamasu, H., Sakai, S., and Nakashizuka, T. 2013. Tree community structure, dynamics, and diversity partitioning in a Bornean tropical forested landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):127-140.

Narce, M., Meloni, R., Beroud, T., Pléney, A., and Ricci, J.C. 2012. Landscape ecology and wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) habitat modeling in the Mediterranean region. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):277-283.

Nathan, P.T., Mahandran, V., and Sripathi, K. 2012. Conservation of bats. Curr. Sci. 103(10):1142-1143.

Nemec, K.T., and Raudsepp-Hearne, C. 2013. The use of geographic information systems to map and assess ecosystem services. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):1-15.

Neto, L.M., and Forzza, R.C. 2013. Biogeography and conservation status assessment of Pseudolaelia (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 171(1):191-200.

Nowak, K. 2012. Mangrove and peat swamp forests: refuge habitats for primates and felids. Folia Primatol. 83(3-6):361-376.

Nunes, A.L., Richter-Boix, A., Laurila, A., and Rebelo, R. 2013. Do anuran larvae respond behaviourally to chemical cues from an invasive crayfish predator? A community-wide study. Oecologia 171(1):115-127.

Oakley, C.A., and Knox, J.S. 2013. Plant species richness increases resistance to invasion by non-resident plant species during grassland restoration. Appl. Veg. Sci. 16(1):21-28.

Ofori-Boateng, C., Oduro, W., Hillers, A., Norris, K., Oppong, S.K., Adum, G.B., and Rödel, M.O. 2013. Differences in the effects of selective logging on amphibian assemblages in three West African forest types. Biotropica 45(1):94-101.

Olmo, C., Armengol, X., and Ortells, R. 2012. Re-establishment of zooplankton communities in temporary ponds after autumn flooding: does restoration age matter? Limnologica 42(4):310-319.

Paglia, A.P., de Rezende, D.T., Koch, I., Kortz, A.R., and Donatti, C. 2012. Species distribution models (SDM) in biodiversity conservation strategies and climate change ecosystem based adaptation. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):231-234.

Palazy, L., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.M., and Courchamp, F. 2012. On the use of the IUCN status for the management of trophy hunting. Wildlife Res. 39(8):711-720.

Palsbøll, P.J., Peery, M.Z., Olsen, M.T., Beissinger, S.R., and Bérubé, M. 2013. Inferring recent historic abundance from current genetic diversity. Mol. Ecol. 22(1):22-40.

Pan, Y., Zhen, L., Yang, L., Helming, K., Koenig, H., Cao, X., Li, F., Wei, Y., Liu, X., and Long, X. 2012. Ecological consequences of changing fuelwood consumption patterns in remote villages of northwestern China. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 10(3):207-222.

Parker, H., Nummi, P., Hartman, G., and Rosell, F. 2012. Invasive North American beaver Castor canadensis in Eurasia: a review of potential consequences and a strategy for eradication. Wildlife Biol. 18(4):354-365.

Pereira, S.R., Laura, V.A., and Souza, A.L.T. 2013. Establishment of Fabaceae tree species in a tropical pasture: influence of seed size and weeding methods. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):67-74.

Pérez-Quintero, J.C. 2013. Mollusc communities along upstream-downstream gradients in small coastal basins of the south-western Iberian Peninsula. Hydrobiologia 703(1):165-175.

Perkin, J.S., and Gido, K.B. 2012. Fragmentation alters stream fish community structure in dendritic ecological networks. Ecol. Appl. 22(8):2176-2187.

Petursdottir, T., Aradottir, A.L., and Benediktsson, K. 2013. An evaluation of the short-term progress of restoration combining ecological assessment and public perception. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):75-85.

Phalan, B., Bertzky, M., Butchart, S.H.M., Donald, P.F., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Stattersfield, A.J., and Balmford, A. 2013. Crop expansion and conservation priorities in tropical countries. PLoS ONE 8(1):e51759.

Pizzatto, L., and Shine, R. 2012. New methods in the battle against cane toads: when should we move from research to implementation? Anim. Conserv. 15(6):557-559.

Pizzatto, L., and Shine, R. 2012. Typhoid Mary in the frogpond: can we use native frogs to disseminate a lungworm biocontrol for invasive cane toads? Anim. Conserv. 15(6):545-552.

Poessel, S.A., Beard, K.H., Callahan, C.M., Ferreira, R.B., and Stevenson, E.T. 2013. Biotic acceptance in introduced amphibians and reptiles in Europe and North America. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 22(2):192-201.

Powell, K.I., Chase, J.M., and Knight, T.M. 2013. Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science 339(6117):316-318.

Powell, L.A. 2012. Common-interest community agreements on private lands provide opportunity and scale for wildlife management. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):295-306.

Prach, K., Jongepierová, I., and Řehounková, K. 2013. Large-scale restoration of dry grasslands on ex-arable land using a regional seed mixture: establishment of target species. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):33-39.

Puigcerver, M., Sardà-Palomera, F., and Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J.D. 2012. Determining population trends and conservation status of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix) in Western Europe. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):343-352.

Pujol-Buxó, E., San Sebastián, O., Garriga, N., and Llorente, G.A. 2013. How does the invasive/native nature of species influence tadpoles' plastic responses to predators? Oikos 122(1):19-29.

Radchuk, V., Turlure, C., and Schtickzelle, N. 2013. Each life stage matters: the importance of assessing the response to climate change over the complete life cycle in butterflies. J. Anim. Ecol. 82(1):275-285.

Raes, N. 2012. Partial versus full species distribution models. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):127-138.

Rakotonirina, N., Rakouth, B., and Davis, A.P. 2012. A taxonomic revision of Madagascan Gardenia (Rubiaceae, Gardenieae). Nord. J. Bot. 30(6):712-728.

Rangel, T.F., and Loyola, R.D. 2012. Labeling ecological niche models. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):119-126.

Ratkiewicz, M., Matosiuk, M., Kowalczyk, R., Konopiński, M.K., Okarma, H., Ozolins, J., Mannil, P., Ornicans, A., and Schmidt, K. 2012. High levels of population differentiation in Eurasian lynx at the edge of the species' western range in Europe revealed by mitochondrial DNA analyses. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):603-612.

Rayan, D.M., Mohamad, S.W., Dorward, L., Aziz, S.A., Clements, G.R., Wong, C.T.C., Traeholt, C., and Magintan, D. 2012. Estimating the population density of the Asian tapir (Tapirus indicus) in a selectively logged forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Integr. Zool. 7(4):373-380.

Reichert, B.E., Cattau, C.E., Fletcher, R.J., Kendall, W.L., and Kitchens, W.M. 2012. Extreme weather and experience influence reproduction in an endangered bird. Ecology 93(12):2580-2589.

Reid, B.L., Hernández, K.L., Frangópulos, M., Bauer, G., Lorca, M., Kilroy, C., and Spaulding, S. 2012. The invasion of the freshwater diatom Didymosphenia geminata in Patagonia: prospects, strategies, and implications for biosecurity of invasive microorganisms in continental waters. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):432-440.

Reid, D.G., Aravind, N.A., and Madhyastha, N.A. 2013. A unique radiation of marine littorinid snails in the freshwater streams of the Western Ghats of India: the genus Cremnoconchus W.T. Blanford, 1869 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 167(1):93-135.

Rhyne, A.L., Tlusty, M.F., and Kaufman, L. 2012. Long-term trends of coral imports into the United States indicate future opportunities for ecosystem and societal benefits. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):478-485.

Ribolli, J., de Melo, C.M.R., and Zaniboni, E. 2012. Genetic characterization of the Neotropical catfish Pimelodus maculatus (Pimelodidae, Siluriformes) in the Upper Uruguay River. Genet. Mol. Biol. 35(4):761-769.

Riggio, J., Jacobson, A., Dollar, L., Bauer, H., Becker, M., Dickman, A., Funston, P., Groom, R., Henschel, P., de Iongh, H., Lichtenfeld, L., and Pimm, S. 2013. The size of savannah Africa: a lion's (Panthera leo) view. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):17-35.

Robarts, R.D., Zhulidov, A.V., and Pavlov, D.F. 2013. The State of knowledge about wetlands and their future under aspects of global climate change: the situation in Russia. Aquat. Sci. 75(1):27-38.

Robin, V.V., and Nandini, R. 2012. Shola habitats on sky islands: status of research on montane forests and grasslands in southern India. Curr. Sci. 103(12):1427-1437.

Rocha, E.C., Silva, E., Dalponte, J.C., and del Giúdice, G.M.L. 2012. Effect of ecotourism activities on richness and abundance of species of medium and large mammals in the Cristalino region, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Rev. Arvore 36(6):1061-1072.

Rodrigues, J.L.M., Pellizari, V.H., Mueller, R., Baek, K., Jesus, E.D., Paula, F.S., Mirza, B., Hamaoui, G.S., Tsai, S.M., Feigl, B., Tiedje, J.M., Bohannan, B.J.M., and Nusslein, K. 2013. Conversion of the Amazon rainforest to agriculture results in biotic homogenization of soil bacterial communities. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110(3):988-993.

Rodríguez, A., Negro, J.J., Mulero, M., Rodríguez, C., Hernández-Pliego, J., and Bustamante, J. 2012. The eye in the sky: combined use of unmanned aerial systems and GPS data loggers for ecological research and conservation of small birds. PLoS ONE 7(12):e50336.

Rosset, V., Simaika, J.P., Arthaud, F., Bornette, G., Vallod, D., Samways, M.J., and Oertli, B. 2013. Comparative assessment of scoring methods to evaluate the conservation value of pond and small lake biodiversity. Aquat. Conserv. 23(1):23-36.

Ru, W., and Zhang, J.T. 2012. Ecological study of forests dominated by endangered species, Taxus chinensis var. mairei, in Shanxi of China. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 10(4):455-468.

Ruiz-Navarro, A., Verdiell-Cubedo, D., Torralva, M., and Oliva-Paterna, F.J. 2013. Dilution stress facilitates colonization of invasive mosquitofish in a saline Mediterranean stream: population biology response. Aquat. Conserv. 23(1):77-87.

Rydgren, K., Halvorsen, R., Auestad, I., and Hamre, L.N. 2013. Ecological design is more important than compensatory mitigation for successful restoration of alpine spoil heaps. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):17-25.

Salomão, R.P., Brienza, S., and Santana, A.C. 2012. Assessment of floristic and structure of primary forest for selecting key species through multivariate analysis for conservation of mined forest areas in the protected area. Rev. Arvore 36(6):989-1007.

Sandland, G.J., Houk, S., Walker, B., Haro, R.J., and Gillis, R. 2013. Differential patterns of infection and life-history expression in native and invasive hosts exposed to a trematode parasite. Hydrobiologia 701(1):89-98.

Sándor, A.D., and Domşa, C. 2012. Special protected areas for conservation of Romania' forest birds: status assessment and possible expansion using predictive tools. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 64(4):367-374.

Sandvik, H., Sæther, B.E., Holmern, T., Tufto, J., Engen, S., and Roy, H.E. 2013. Generic ecological impact assessments of alien species in Norway: a semi-quantitative set of criteria. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):37-62.

Santangeli, A., Lehtoranta, H., and Laaksonen, T. 2012. Successful voluntary conservation of raptor nests under intensive forestry pressure in a boreal landscape. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):571-578.

Santelices, R., Drake, F., Mena, C., Ordenes, R., and Navarro-Cerrillo, R.M. 2012. Current and potential distribution areas for Nothofagus alessandrii, an endangered tree species from central Chile. Cienc. Investig. Agrar. 39(3):521-531.

Santini, A., Ghelardini, L., De Pace, C., Desprez-Loustau, M.L., Capretti, P., Chandelier, A., Cech, T., Chira, D., Diamandis, S., Gaitniekis, T., Hantula, J., Holdenrieder, O., Jankovsky, L., Jung, T., Jurc, D., Kirisits, T., Kunca, A., Lygis, V., Malecka, M., Marcais, B., Schmitz, S., Schumacher, J., Solheim, H., Solla, A., Szabò, I., Tsopelas, P., Vannini, A., Vettraino, A.M., Webber, J., Woodward, S., and Stenlid, J. 2013. Biogeographical patterns and determinants of invasion by forest pathogens in Europe. New Phytol. 197(1):238-250.

Sartori, A.A.D., da Silva, R.F.B., and Zimback, C.R.L. 2012. Weighted linear combinationof a GIS environment in the definition of priority areas for connectivity among forest fragments. Rev. Arvore 36(6):1079-1090.

Scherer-Neto, P., and Toledo, M.C.B. 2012. Bird community in an Araucaria forest fragment in relation to changes in the surrounding landscape in Southern Brazil. Iheringia Ser. Zool. 102(4):412-422.

Schofield, J.A., Fenner, A.L., Pelgrim, K., and Bull, C.M. 2012. Male-biased movement in pygmy bluetongue lizards: implications for conservation. Wildlife Res. 39(8):677-684.

Schröder, C., Pokorny, I., Dolgener, N., Herden, C., Drews, H., and Tiedemann, R. 2012. Allochthonous individuals in managed populations of the fire-bellied toad Bombina bombina: genetic detection and conservation implications. Limnologica 42(4):291-298.

Senior, M.J.M., Hamer, K.C., Bottrell, S., Edwards, D.P., Fayle, T.M., Lucey, J.M., Mayhew, P.J., Newton, R., Peh, K.S.H., Sheldon, F.H., Stewart, C., Styring, A.R., Thom, M.D.F., Woodcock, P., and Hill, J.K. 2013. Trait-dependent declines of species following conversion of rain forest to oil palm plantations. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):253-268.

Senyatso, K.J., Collar, N.J., and Dolman, P.M. 2013. Assessing range-wide conservation status change in an unmonitored widespread African bird species. Divers. Distrib. 19(2):106-119.

Serra, B.D.V., De Marco, P., Nóbrega, C.C., and Campos, L.A.D. 2012. Modeling potential geographical distribution of the wild nests of Melipona capixaba Moure & Camargo, 1994 (Hymenoptera, Apidae): conserving isolated populations in mountain habitats. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):199-206.

Serra, M.N., Albariño, R., and Villanueva, V.D. 2013. Invasive Salix fragilis alters benthic invertebrate communities and litter decomposition in northern Patagonian streams. Hydrobiologia 701(1):173-188.

Shea, C.P., Peterson, J.T., Conroy, M.J., and Wisniewski, J.M. 2013. Evaluating the influence of land use, drought and reach isolation on the occurrence of freshwater mussel species in the lower Flint River Basin, Georgia (USA). Freshwater Biol. 58(2):382-395.

Sheil, D., Meijaard, E., Angelsen, A., Sayer, J., and Vanclay, J. 2013. Sharing future conservation costs. Science 339(6117):270-271.

Singh, G., Dal Grande, F., Cornejo, C., Schmitt, I., and Scheidegger, C. 2012. Genetic basis of self-incompatibility in the lichen-forming fungus Lobaria pulmonaria and skewed frequency distribution of mating-type idiomorphs: implications for conservation. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51402.

Sirkiä, S., Lehtomäki, J., Lindén, H., Tomppo, E., and Moilanen, A. 2012. Defining spatial priorities for capercaillie Tetrao urogallus lekking landscape conservation in south-central Finland. Wildlife Biol. 18(4):337-353.

Smart, J.J., Harry, A.V., Tobin, A.J., and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2013. Overcoming the constraints of low sample sizes to produce age and growth data for rare or threatened sharks. Aquat. Conserv. 23(1):124-134.

Soga, M., and Koike, S. 2013. Large forest patches promote breeding success of a terrestrial mammal in urban landscapes. PLoS ONE 8(1):e51802.

Somers, B., and Asner, G.P. 2012. Hyperspectral time series analysis of native and invasive species in Hawaiian rainforests. Remote Sens. 4(9):2510-2529.

Stingemore, J.A., and Krauss, S.L. 2013. Genetic delineation of local provenance in Persoonia longifolia: implications for seed sourcing for ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):49-57.

Sugiyama, A., and Peterson, C.J. 2013. Inter-annual higher germination from smaller than medium-sized premontane wet forest fragments for an animal-dispersed tree species in Costa Rica. Plant Ecol. 214(1):115-125.

Sulaiman, Z.H., and Mayden, R.L. 2012. Cypriniformes of Borneo (Actinopterygii, Otophysi): an extraordinary fauna for integrated studies on diversity, systematics, evolution, ecology, and conservation. Zootaxa 3586:359-376.

Sullivan, T.P., Sullivan, D.S., Lindgren, P.M.F., and Ransome, D.B. 2012. If we build habitat, will they come? Woody debris structures and conservation of forest mammals. J. Mammal. 93(6):1456-1468.

Sutherland, W.J., Bardsley, S., Clout, M., Depledge, M.H., Dicks, L.V., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F., Margerison, C., Monk, K.A., Norris, K., Peck, L.S., Prior, S.V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M.D., and Watkinson, A.R. 2013. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2013. Trends Ecol. Evol. 28(1):16-22.

Suzuki, S.N., Tomimatsu, H., Oishi, Y., and Konno, Y. 2013. Edge-related changes in tree communities in the understory of mesic temperate forest fragments of northern Japan. Ecol. Res. 28(1):117-124.

Sweetman, A.C., Kettenring, K.M., and Mock, K.E. 2013. The pattern and structure of genetic diversity of Schoenoplectus maritimus: implications for wetland revegetation. Aquat. Bot. 104:47-54.

Taillefer, A.G., and Wheeler, T.A. 2013. Animal colonization of restored peatlands: inoculation of plant material as a source of insects. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):140-144.

Terribile, L.C., Lima-Ribeiro, M.S., Araújo, M.B., Bizão, N., Collevatti, R.G., Dobrovolski, R., Franco, A.A., Guilhaumon, F., Lima, J.D., Murakami, D.M., Nabout, J.C., de Oliveira, G., de Oliveira, L.K., Rabelo, S.G., Rangel, T.F., Simon, L.M., Soares, T.N., Telles, M.P.D., and Diniz, J.A.F. 2012. Areas of climate stability of species ranges in the Brazilian Cerrado: disentangling uncertainties through time. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):152-159.

Thomas, L.K., Tölle, L., Ziegenhagen, B., and Leyer, I. 2012. Are vegetative reproduction capacities the cause of widespread invasion of Eurasian Salicaceae in Patagonian river landscapes? PLoS ONE 7(12):e50652.

Tizzani, P., Negri, E., Silvano, F., Malacarne, G., and Meneguz, P.G. 2012. Does the use of playback affect the estimated numbers of red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa? Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 35(2):429-435.

Tomasetto, F., Duncan, R.P., and Hulme, P.E. 2013. Environmental gradients shift the direction of the relationship between native and alien plant species richness. Divers. Distrib. 19(1):49-59.

Torres, R., Jayat, J.P., and Pacheco, S. 2013. Modelling potential impacts of climate change on the bioclimatic envelope and conservation of the Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Mamm. Biol. 78(1):41-49.

Townsend, L., and Hebda, R.J. 2013. Pollen and macro-fossil assemblages in disturbed urban wetlands on south Vancouver Island reveal recent invasion of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) and guide restoration. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):114-123.

Trayford, H.R., and Farmer, K.H. 2013. Putting the spotlight on internally displaced animals (IDAs): a survey of primate sanctuaries in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Am. J. Primatol. 75(2):116-134.

Treml, E.A., and Halpin, P.N. 2012. Marine population connectivity identifies ecological neighbors for conservation planning in the Coral Triangle. Conserv. Lett. 5(6):441-449.

Tucker, J.M., Schwartz, M.K., Truex, R.L., Pilgrim, K.L., and Allendorf, F.W. 2012. Historical and contemporary DNA indicate fisher decline and isolation occurred prior to the European settlement of California. PLoS ONE 7(12):e52803.

Tucker, K.P., Hunter, M.E., Bonde, R.K., Austin, J.D., Clark, A.M., Beck, C.A., McGuire, P.M., and Oli, M.K. 2012. Low genetic diversity and minimal population substructure in the endangered Florida manatee: implications for conservation. J. Mammal. 93(6):1504-1511.

Tursi, R.M., Hughes, P.T., and Hoffman, E.A. 2013. Taxonomy versus phylogeny: evolutionary history of marsh rabbits without hopping to conclusions. Divers. Distrib. 19(2):120-133.

Unar, P., Janík, D., Souček, J., Vrška, T., Adam, D., Král, K., and Hort, L. 2012. The Pinus rotundata link bog forests on mined peat bogs - is the conservation of undisturbed edge an effective tool for its protection? Pol. J. Ecol. 60(4):707-715.

Ureta, C., Martorell, C., Hortal, J., and Fornoni, J. 2012. Assessing extinction risks under the combined effects of climate change and human disturbance through the analysis of life-history plasticity. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 14(6):393-401.

Vad, C.F., Horváth, Z., Kiss, K.T., and Ács, É. 2012. Microcrustacean (Cladocera, Copepoda) communities in artificial lakes in the region of the North Hungarian Mountains, with special reference to the adventive species. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 58:47-61.

Valencia, J., Lassaletta, L., Velázquez, E., Nicolau, J.M., and Gómez-Sal, A. 2013. Factors controlling compositional changes in a northern Andean páramo (La Rusia, Colombia). Biotropica 45(1):18-26.

Van Leeuwen, C.H.A., Huig, N., Van der Velde, G., Van Alen, T.A., Wagemaker, C.A.M., Sherman, C.D.H., Klaassen, M., and Figuerola, J. 2013. How did this snail get here? Several dispersal vectors inferred for an aquatic invasive species. Freshwater Biol. 58(1):88-99.

Vaz-Pinto, F., Olabarria, C., and Arenas, F. 2012. Propagule pressure and functional diversity: interactive effects on a macroalgal invasion process. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 471:51-60.

Vázquez-Luis, M., Sanchez-Jerez, P., and Bayle-Sempere, J.T. 2013. Does the invasion of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea affect the feeding habits of amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda)? J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 93(1):87-94.

Venturas, M., Alvarez, S.G., Alcantara, M.F., Collada, C., and Gil, L. 2013. Species selection for reforestations: what happens with historic local extinctions and habitat protection zones? A case study in the Cantabrian Range. Eur. J. For. Res. 132(1):107-120.

Vital, M.V.C., Hepburn, R., Radloff, S., and Fuchs, S. 2012. Geographic distribution of Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera) reflects niche characteristics of ancestral African subspecies. Nat. Conservacao 10(2):184-190.

von der Lippe, M., Bullock, J.M., Kowarik, I., Knopp, T., and Wichmann, M. 2013. Human-mediated dispersal of seeds by the airflow of vehicles. PLoS ONE 8(1):e52733.

Vorsino, A.E., King, C.B., Haines, W.P., and Rubinoff, D. 2013. Modeling the habitat retreat of the rediscovered endemic Hawaiian moth Omiodes continuatalis Wallengren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). PLoS ONE 8(1):e51885.

Waldon, B. 2012. The conservation of small water reservoirs in the Krajeńskie Lakeland (North-West Poland). Limnologica 42(4):320-327.

Wallace, R., Ayala, G., and Viscarra, M. 2012. Lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) distribution, activity patterns and relative abundance in the Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape. Integr. Zool. 7(4):407-419.

Ward, J.L., and Blum, M.J. 2012. Exposure to an environmental estrogen breaks down sexual isolation between native and invasive species. Evol. Appl. 5(8):901-912.

Weisberg, P.J., Mortenson, S.G., and Dilts, T.E. 2013. Gallery forest or herbaceous wetland? The need for multi-target perspectives in riparian restoration planning. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):12-16.

Wells, K., O'Hara, R.B., Bohm, S.M., Gockel, S., Hemp, A., Renner, S.C., Pfeiffer, S., Boehning-Gaese, K., and Kalko, E.K.V. 2012. Trait-dependent occupancy dynamics of birds in temperate forest landscapes: fine-scale observations in a hierarchical multi-species framework. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):626-637.

Westhoff, J.T., Watts, A.V., and Mattingly, H.T. 2013. Efficacy of artificial refuge to enhance survival of young Barrens topminnows exposed to western mosquitofish. Aquat. Conserv. 23(1):65-76.

Wilson, C.D., Beatty, G.E., Bradley, C.R., Clarke, H.C., Preston, S.J., Roberts, D., and Provan, J. 2012. The importance of population genetic information in formulating ex situ conservation strategies for the freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera L.) in Northern Ireland. Anim. Conserv. 15(6):593-602.

Wilson, S.D., and Pinno, B.D. 2013. Environmentally-contingent behaviour of invasive plants as drivers or passengers. Oikos 122(1):129-135.

Windham-Myers, L., Ward, K., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Agee, J.L., Kieu, L.H., and Kakouros, E. 2013. Biogeochemical implications of episodic impoundment in a restored tidal marsh of San Francisco Bay, California. Restor. Ecol. 21(1):124-132.

Wittemyer, G., Daballen, D., and Douglas-Hamilton, I. 2013. Comparative demography of an at-risk African elephant population. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53726.

Woods, C.L., and DeWalt, S.J. 2013. The conservation value of secondary forests for vascular epiphytes in central Panama. Biotropica 45(1):119-127.

Wootton, J.T. 2012. River food web response to large-scale riparian zone manipulations. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51839.

Yuan, Y., Wang, K.Y., Li, D.Z., Pan, Y., Lv, Y.Y., Zhao, M.X., and Gao, J.J. 2013. Interspecific interactions between Phragmites australis and Spartina alterniflora along a tidal gradient in the Dongtan wetland, eastern China. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53843.

Zamfirescu, S.R., Strugariu, A., Zamfirescu, O., and Gherghel, I. 2012. In situ confirmation of the occurrence of the critically endangered Moldavian meadow viper (Vipera ursinii moldavica) in the Ciritei Valley (Iasi county, Romania). North-West. J. Zool. 8(2):378-381.

Zeigler, S. 2013. Predicting responses to climate change requires all life-history stages. J. Anim. Ecol. 82(1):3-5.

Zengeya, T.A., Robertson, M.P., Booth, A.J., and Chimimba, C.T. 2013. A qualitative ecological risk assessment of the invasive Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus in a sub-tropical African river system (Limpopo River, South Africa). Aquat. Conserv. 23(1):51-64.

Zuberogoitia, I., Zalewska, H., Zabala, J., and Zalewski, A. 2013. The impact of river fragmentation on the population persistence of native and alien mink: an ecological trap for the endangered European mink. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(1):169-186.

**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]