Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 342
June 2013

[PDF Print Version]

In This Issue

Warming Climate Unlikely to Cause Near-Term Extinction of Ancient Amazon Trees

Adapted from the University of Michigan News Service

A new genetic analysis has revealed that many Amazon tree species are likely to survive human-caused climate warming in the coming century, contrary to previous findings that temperature increases would cause them to die out.

However, the authors of the new study warn that extreme drought and forest fires will impact Amazonia as temperatures rise, and the over-exploitation of the region's resources continues to be a major threat to its future. Conservation policy for the Amazon should remain focused on reducing global greenhouse-gas emissions and preventing deforestation, they said.

The study by University of Michigan evolutionary biologist Christopher Dick, Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Simon Lewis of University College London and the University of Leeds and colleagues demonstrates the surprising age of some Amazonian tree species – more than 8 million years – and thereby shows that they have survived previous periods as warm as many of the global warming scenarios forecast for the year 2100.

The new study, published in the journal Ecology and Evolution, is at odds with earlier papers, based on ecological niche-modeling scenarios, which predicted tree species extinctions in response to relatively small increases in global average air temperatures.

"Our paper provides evidence that common Amazon tree species endured climates warmer than the present, implying that – in the absence of other major environmental changes – they could tolerate near-term future warming under climate change," said Dick, an associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and acting director of the U-M Herbarium.

But Lewis cautioned that "the past cannot be compared directly with the future."

"While tree species seem likely to tolerate higher air temperatures than today, the Amazon forest is being converted for agriculture and mining, and what remains is being degraded by logging and increasingly fragmented by fields and roads," Lewis said. "Species will not move as freely in today's Amazon as they did in previous warm periods, when there was no human influence. Similarly, today's climate change is extremely fast, making comparisons with the past difficult.

"With a clearer understanding of the relative risks to the Amazon forest, we conclude that direct human impacts, such as forest clearance for agriculture or mining, should remain a focus of conservation policy," Lewis said. "We also need more aggressive action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to minimize the risk of drought and fire impacts to secure the future of most Amazon tree species."

The scientists used a molecular clock approach to determine the ages of 12 widespread Amazon tree species, including the kapok and the balsa. Then they looked at climatic events that have occurred since those tree species emerged. In general, they inferred that the older the age of the tree species, the warmer the climate it has previously survived.

The researchers determined that nine of the tree species have been around for at least 2.6 million years, seven have been present for at least 5.6 million years, and three have existed in the Amazon for more than 8 million years.

Air temperatures across Amazonia in the early Pliocene Epoch (3.6 million to 5 million years ago) were similar to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projections for the region in 2100 using moderate carbon-emission scenarios. Air temperatures in the late Miocene Epoch (5.3 to 11.5 million years ago) were about the same as IPCC projections for the region in 2100 using the highest carbon-emission scenarios.

The 12 tree species used in the study are broadly representative of the Amazon tree flora. Primary forest collection sites were in central Panama, western Ecuador and Amazonian Ecuador. Additional collections were made in Brazil, Peru, French Guiana and Bolivia. Other plant samples were obtained from herbarium specimens.

"The most lasting finding of our study may be the discovery of ancient geographic variation within widespread species, indicating that many rain forest tree species were widely distributed before the major uplift of the northern Andes," said Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.

To determine the age of each tree species, the researchers extracted and sequenced DNA from plant samples, then looked at the number of genetic mutations contained in those sequences. Using a molecular clock approach and population genetic models, they estimated how long it would take for each of the tree populations to accumulate the observed number of mutations, which provided a minimum age for each species.

"An important caveat is that because we've been in a cold period over the past 2 million years – basically the whole Quaternary Period – some of the trees' adaptations to warmth tolerance may have been lost," Dick said. "Additional research is needed to test whether this has occurred."

Current Literature

Abrams, M.D., and Scheibel, M.S. 2013. A five-year record mast production and climate in contrasting mixed-oak-hickory forests on the Mashomack Preserve, Long Island, New York, USA. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):99-104.

Adams, J., MacLeod, C., Suryan, R.M., Hyrenbach, K.D., and Harvey, J.T. 2012. Summer-time use of west coast US National Marine Sanctuaries by migrating sooty shearwaters (Puffinus griseus). Biol. Conserv. 156:105-116.

Adkins, J.K., and Barnes, T.G. 2013. Herbicide treatment and timing for controlling Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) in cool season grasslands of central Kentucky, USA. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):31-38.

Aerts, R. 2013. Old trees: extraction, conservation can coexist. Science 339(6122):904.

Ahmed, S., Peters, C.M., Chunlin, L., Meyer, R., Unachukwu, U., Litt, A., Kennelly, E., and Stepp, J.R. 2013. Biodiversity and phytochemical quality in indigenous and state-supported tea management systems of Yunnan, China. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):28-36.

Alcaraz-Segura, D., Paruelo, J.M., Epstein, H.E., and Cabello, J. 2013. Environmental and human controls of ecosystem functional diversity in temperate South America. Remote Sens. 5(1):127-154.

Alday, J.G., Cox, E.S., Pakeman, R.J., Harris, M.P.K., Le Duc, M.G., and Marrs, R.H. 2013. Overcoming resistance and resilience of an invaded community is necessary for effective restoration: a multi-site bracken control study. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):156-167.

Altshuler, D.L., Cockle, K.L., and Boyle, W.A. 2013. North American ornithology in transition. Biol. Lett. 9(1):20120876.

Amori, G., Chiozza, F., Patterson, B.D., Rondinini, C., Schipper, J., and Luiselli, L. 2013. Species richness and distribution of Neotropical rodents, with conservation implications. Mammalia 77(1):1-19.

Amorim, F., Rebelo, H., and Rodrigues, L. 2012. Factors influencing bat activity and mortality at a wind farm in the Mediterranean region. Acta Chiropterol. 14(2):439-457.

Angerbjörn, A., Eide, N.E., Dalén, L., Elmhagen, B., Hellström, P., Ims, R.A., Killengreen, S., Landa, A., Meijer, T., Mela, M., Niemimaa, J., Norén, K., Tannerfeldt, M., Yoccoz, N.G., and Henttonen, H. 2013. Carnivore conservation in practice: replicated management actions on a large spatial scale. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):59-67.

Annani, F., Alfarhan, A.H., and Samraoui, B. 2012. Aquatic Hemiptera of northeastern Algeria: distribution, phenology and conservation. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 67(4):423-435.

Anson, J.R., and Dickman, C.R. 2013. Behavioral responses of native prey to disparate predators: naivet, and predator recognition. Oecologia 171(2):367-377.

Arcos, J.M., Bécares, J., Villero, D., Brotons, L., Rodríguez, B., and Ruiz, A. 2012. Assessing the location and stability of foraging hotspots for pelagic seabirds: an approach to identify marine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Spain. Biol. Conserv. 156:30-42.

Armenteras, D., Rodríguez, N., and Retana, J. 2013. Landscape dynamics in northwestern Amazonia: an assessment of pastures, fire and illicit crops as drivers of tropical deforestation. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54310.

Armsworth, P.R., Cantú-Salazar, L., Parnell, M., Booth, J.E., Stoneman, R., and Davies, Z.G. 2013. Opportunities for cost-sharing in conservation: variation in volunteering effort across protected areas. PLoS ONE 8(1):e55395.

Balam-Narváez, R., and Cetzal-Ix, W. 2012. A revision of the Lophiaris cavendishiana complex (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Caldasia 34(1):87-107.

Baldi, G., Verón, S.R., and Jobbágy, E.G. 2013. The imprint of humans on landscape patterns and vegetation functioning in the dry subtropics. Global Change Biol. 19(2):441-458.

Ballard, G., Jongsomjit, D., Veloz, S.D., and Ainley, D.G. 2012. Coexistence of mesopredators in an intact polar ocean ecosystem: the basis for defining a Ross Sea marine protected area. Biol. Conserv. 156:72-82.

Bano, A., Ayub, M., Rashid, S., Sultana, S., and Sadia, H. 2013. Ethnobotany and conservation status of floral diversity of Himalayan range of Azad Jammu and Kashmir - Pakistan. Pakistan J. Bot. 45:243-251.

Barnes, R.S.K. 2013. Distribution patterns of macrobenthic biodiversity in the intertidal seagrass beds of an estuarine system, and their conservation significance. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):357-372.

Baskett, M.L., and Waples, R.S. 2013. Evaluating alternative strategies for minimizing unintended fitness consequences of cultured individuals on wild populations. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):83-94.

Batelka, J. 2012. Socotra Archipelago - a lifeboat in the sea of changes: advancement in Socotran insect biodiversity survey. Acta Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 52:1-26.

Baugh, T., and Schlosser, K.K. 2013. Management considerations for the restoration of bunched arrowhead Sagittaria fasciculata. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):105-108.

Becker, R.H., Zmijewski, K.A., and Crail, T. 2013. Seeing the forest for the invasives: mapping buckthorn in the Oak Openings. Biol. Invasions 15(2):315-326.

Ben-Horin, T., Lenihan, H.S., and Lafferty, K.D. 2013. Variable intertidal temperature explains why disease endangers black abalone. Ecology 94(1):161-168.

Biggs, D., Courchamp, F., Martin, R., and Possingham, H.P. 2013. Legal trade of Africa's rhino horns. Science 339(6123):1038-1039.

Bilgin, R., Keşişoğlu, A., and Rebelo, H. 2012. Distribution patterns of bats in the Eastern Mediterranean Region through a climate change perspective. Acta Chiropterol. 14(2):425-437.

Bishop, J.D.D., Roby, C., Yunnie, A.L.E., Wood, C.A., Leveque, L., Turon, X., and Viard, F. 2013. The Southern Hemisphere ascidian Asterocarpa humilis is unrecognised but widely established in NW France and Great Britain. Biol. Invasions 15(2):253-260.

Black, S.H., Kulakowski, D., Noon, B.R., and DellaSala, D.A. 2013. Do bark beetle outbreaks increase wildfire risks in the central US Rocky Mountains? Implications from recent research. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):59-65.

Blair, M.E., Gutierrez-Espeleta, G.A., and Melnick, D.J. 2013. Subspecies of the Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) as units for conservation. Int. J. Primatol. 34(1):86-98.

Blicharska, M., and Mikusinski, G. 2013. Old trees: cultural value. Science 339(6122):904.

Blickley, J.L., Deiner, K., Garbach, K., Lacher, I., Meek, M.H., Porensky, L.M., Wilkerson, M.L., Winford, E.M., and Schwartz, M.W. 2013. Graduate student's guide to necessary skills for nonacademic conservation careers. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):24-34.

Boch, S., Prati, D., Hessenmoller, D., Schulze, E.D., and Fischer, M. 2013. Richness of lichen species, especially of threatened ones, is promoted by management methods furthering stand continuity. PLoS ONE 8(1):e55461.

Braga, R.F., Korasaki, V., Andresen, E., and Louzada, J. 2013. Dung beetle community and functions along a habitat-disturbance gradient in the Amazon: a rapid assessment of ecological functions associated to biodiversity. PLoS ONE 8(2):e57786.

Branco, P., Segurado, P., Santos, J.M., Pinheiro, P., and Ferreira, M.T. 2012. Does longitudinal connectivity loss affect the distribution of freshwater fish? Ecol. Eng. 48:70-78.

Brandt, M.E., Smith, T.B., Correa, A.M.S., and Vega-Thurber, R. 2013. Disturbance driven colony fragmentation as a driver of a coral disease outbreak. PLoS ONE 8(2):e57164.

Breed, M.F., Stead, M.G., Ottewell, K.M., Gardner, M.G., and Lowe, A.J. 2013. Which provenance and where? Seed sourcing strategies for revegetation in a changing environment. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):1-10.

Brock, P.M., Hall, A.J., Goodman, S.J., Cruz, M., and Acevedo-Whitehouse, K. 2013. Applying the tools of ecological immunology to conservation: a test case in the Galapagos sea lion. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):19-31.

Brudney, L.J., Arnold, T.W., Saunders, S.P., and Cuthbert, F.J. 2013. Survival of piping plover (Charadrius melodus) chicks in the Great Lakes region. Auk 130(1):150-160.

Bryant, J.A.M., Reynecke, B.K., and Brown, R.L. 2013. Geology and topography effects on exotic plant distribution in a semi-arid Mima mound prairie in eastern Washington. Northwest Sci. 87(1):12-23.

Buisson, L., Grenouillet, G., Villéger, S., Canal, J., and Laffaille, P. 2013. Toward a loss of functional diversity in stream fish assemblages under climate change. Global Change Biol. 19(2):387-400.

Busby, R.R., Stromberger, M.E., Rodriguez, G., Gebhart, D.L., and Paschke, M.W. 2013. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community differs between a coexisting native shrub and introduced annual grass. Mycorrhiza 23(2):129-141.

Butler, L.K., Ries, L., Bisson, I.A., Hayden, T.J., Wikelski, M.M., and Romero, L.M. 2013. Opposite but analogous effects of road density on songbirds with contrasting habitat preferences. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):77-85.

Cagnazzi, D., Parra, G.J., Westley, S., and Harrison, P.L. 2013. At the heart of the industrial boom: Australian snubfin dolphins in the Capricorn Coast, Queensland, need urgent conservation action. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56729.

Camacho, A., Peinado, R., Santamans, A.C., and Picazo, A. 2012. Functional ecological patterns and the effect of anthropogenic disturbances on a recently restored Mediterranean coastal lagoon. Needs for a sustainable restoration. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 114:105-117.

Camphuysen, K., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Bouten, W., and Garthe, S. 2012. Identifying ecologically important marine areas for seabirds using behavioural information in combination with distribution patterns. Biol. Conserv. 156:22-29.

Cannon, J.B., and Brewer, J.S. 2013. Effects of tornado damage, prescribed fire, and salvage logging on natural oak (Quercus spp.) regeneration in a xeric southern USA coastal plain oak and pine forest. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):39-49.

Cardiff, S.G., Ratrimomanarivo, F.H., and Goodman, S.M. 2012. The effect of tourist visits on the behavior of Rousettus madagascariensis (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in the caves of Ankarana, northern Madagascar. Acta Chiropterol. 14(2):479-490.

Caro, T., and Sherman, P.W. 2013. Eighteen reasons animal behaviourists avoid involvement in conservation. Anim. Behav. 85(2):305-312.

Carranza, M.L., Frate, L., and Paura, B. 2012. Structure, ecology and plant richness patterns in fragmented beech forests. Plant Ecol. Divers. 5(4):541-551.

Carrière, S.M., Rodary, E., Méral, P., Serpantié, G., Boisvert, V., Kull, C.A., Lestrelin, G., Lhoutellier, L., Moizo, B., Smektala, G., and Vandevelde, J.C. 2013. Rio+20, biodiversity marginalized. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):6-11.

Casale, P., Aprea, A., Deflorio, M., and De Metrio, G. 2012. Increased by-catch rates in the Gulf of Taranto, Italy, in 20 years: a clue about sea turtle population trends? Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):239-243.

Casciotta, J., Almirón, A., Sánchez, S., Iwaszkiw, J., and Bruno, M.C. 2013. The genus Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) in Argentina. How bad taxonomy results in poor regulations and no conservation. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29(1):208-212.

Castellano, S.M., and Gorchov, D.L. 2013. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) disperse seeds of the invasive shrub, Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii). Nat. Areas J. 33(1):78-80.

Cecile, J., Silva, L.R., and Anand, M. 2013. Old trees: large and small. Science 339(6122):904-905.

Chan, F.T., Bailey, S.A., Wiley, C.J., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2013. Relative risk assessment for ballast-mediated invasions at Canadian Arctic ports. Biol. Invasions 15(2):295-308.

Chau, M.M., Walker, L.R., and Mehltreter, K. 2013. An invasive tree fern alters soil and plant nutrient dynamics in Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 15(2):355-370.

Chen, Y.J., Parmenter, S., and May, B. 2013. Genetic characterization and management of the endangered Mohave tui chub. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):11-20.

Chiari, S., Zauli, A., Mazziotta, A., Luiselli, L., Audisio, P., and Carpaneto, G.M. 2013. Surveying an endangered saproxylic beetle, Osmoderma eremita, in Mediterranean woodlands: a comparison between different capture methods. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):171-181.

Christine, L.J., Fletcher, C., and Abd Rahman, K. 2013. Spatial effects of virgin jungle reserves (VJR) on the community of insectivorous bats in Peninsular Malaysia. J. Trop. For. Sci. 25(1):118-130.

Chung, M.Y., López-Pujol, J., and Chung, M.G. 2013. Low genetic diversity in marginal populations of Bletilla striata (Orchidaceae) in southern Korea: insights into population history and implications for conservation. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 46:88-96.

Clark, G.F. 2013. Biodiversity-invasibility mechanisms are mediated by niche dimensionality. Funct. Ecol. 27(1):5-6.

Clark, G.F., Johnston, E.L., and Leung, B. 2013. Intrinsic time dependence in the diversity-invasibility relationship. Ecology 94(1):25-31.

Clarke, S.C., Harley, S.J., Hoyle, S.D., and Rice, J.S. 2013. Population trends in Pacific oceanic sharks and the utility of regulations on shark finning. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):197-209.

Cockayne, B.J., McDougall, A.J., Espinoza, T., Burndred, K.R., Thrupp, C.L., Broadfoot, C.D., and Finn, M.A. 2013. Riverine flow and spawning requirements of Macquaria ambigua oriens: implications for conservation and management. Mar. Freshwater Res. 64(1):42-53.

Cohen, T.M., King, R., Dolev, A., Boldo, A., Lichter-Peled, A., and Bar-Gal, G.K. 2013. Genetic characterization of populations of the golden jackal and the red fox in Israel. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):55-63.

Considine, C.D., Groninger, J.W., Ruffner, C.M., Therrell, M.D., and Baer, S.G. 2013. Fire history and stand structure of high quality black oak (Quercus velutina) sand savannas. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):10-20.

Cormont, A., Wamelink, G.W.W., Jochem, R., WallisDeVries, M.F., and Wegman, R.M.A. 2013. Host plant-mediated effects of climate change on the occurrence of the Alcon blue butterfly (Phengaris alcon). Ecol. Model. 250:329-337.

Cornelisse, T.M., Vasey, M.C., Holl, K.D., and Letourneau, D.K. 2013. Artificial bare patches increase habitat for the endangered Ohlone tiger beetle (Cicindela ohlone). J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):17-22.

Cornforth, W.A., Fatoyinbo, T.E., Freemantle, T.P., and Pettorelli, N. 2013. Advanced land observing satellite Phased Array type L-band SAR (ALOS PALSAR) to inform the conservation of mangroves: Sundarbans as a case study. Remote Sens. 5(1):224-237.

Crall, A.W., Jarnevich, C.S., Panke, B., Young, N., Renz, M., and Morisette, J. 2013. Using habitat suitability models to target invasive plant species surveys. Ecol. Appl. 23(1):60-72.

Cressey, D. 2013. Australia's plans for sea havens 'flawed'. Nature 495(7440):155.

Cross, M.S., McCarthy, P.D., Garfin, G., Gori, D., and Enquist, C.A. 2013. Accelerating adaptation of natural resource management to address climate change. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):4-13.

Crous, C.J., Samways, M.J., and Pryke, J.S. 2013. Exploring the mesofilter as a novel operational scale in conservation planning. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):205-214.

Cuneo, P., and Leishman, M.R. 2013. Ecological impacts of invasive African olive (Olea europaea ssp. cuspidata) in Cumberland Plain Woodland, Sydney, Australia. Austral Ecol. 38(1):103-110.

Cvitanovic, C., Wilson, S.K., Fulton, C.J., Almany, G.R., Anderson, P., Babcock, R.C., Ban, N.C., Beeden, R.J., Beger, M., Cinner, J., Dobbs, K., Evans, L.S., Farnham, A., Friedman, K.J., Gale, K., Gladstone, W., Grafton, Q., Graham, N.A.J., Gudge, S., Harrison, P.L., Holmes, T.H., Johnstone, N., Jones, G.P., Jordan, A., Kendrick, A.J., Klein, C.J., Little, L.R., Malcolm, H.A., Morris, D., Possingham, H.P., Prescott, J., Pressey, R.L., Skilleter, G.A., Simpson, C., Waples, K., Wilson, D., and Williamson, D.H. 2013. Critical research needs for managing coral reef marine protected areas: Perspectives of academics and managers. J. Environ. Manage. 114:84-91.

D'Angelo, V.S., and Muhlfeld, C.C. 2013. Factors influencing the distribution of native bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout in streams of western Glacier National Park, Montana. Northwest Sci. 87(1):1-11.

Daneshgar, P.P., Polley, H.W., and Wilsey, B.J. 2013. Simple plant traits explain functional group diversity decline in novel grassland communities of Texas. Plant Ecol. 214(2):231-241.

Darrigran, G., Damborenea, C., Drago, E.C., de Drago, I.E., Paira, A., and Archuby, F. 2012. Invasion process of Limnopema fortunei (Bivalvia: Mytilidae): the case of Uruguay River and emissaries of the Esteros del Iberá Wetland, Argentina. Zoologia 29(6):531-539.

Dáttilo, W., Falcão, J.C.F., and Teixeira, M.C. 2012. Predictive model of distribution of Atta robusta Borgmeier 1939 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): subsidies for conservation of a Brazilian leaf-cutting ant endangered species. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 47(3):193-201.

Daversa, D.R., Muths, E., and Bosch, J. 2012. Terrestrial movement patterns of the common toad (Bufo bufo) in Central Spain reveal habitat of conservation importance. J. Herpetol. 46(4):658-664.

Dawson, I.K., Guariguata, M.R., Loo, J., Weber, J.C., Lengkeek, A., Bush, D., Cornelius, J., Guarino, L., Kindt, R., Orwa, C., Russell, J., and Jamnadass, R. 2013. What is the relevance of smallholders' agroforestry systems for conserving tropical tree species and genetic diversity in circa situm, in situ and ex situ settings? A review. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):301-324.

De Roy, K., Marzorati, M., Negroni, A., Thas, O., Balloi, A., Fava, F., Verstraete, W., Daffonchio, D., and Boon, N. 2013. Environmental conditions and community evenness determine the outcome of biological invasion. Nat. Commun. 4:1383.

de Snoo, G.R., Herzon, I., Staats, H., Burton, R.J.F., Schindler, S., van Dijk, J., Lokhorst, A.M., Bullock, J.M., Lobley, M., Wrbka, T., Schwarz, G., and Musters, C.J.M. 2013. Toward effective nature conservation on farmland: making farmers matter. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):66-72.

DeKeyser, E.S., Meehan, M., Clambey, G., and Krabbenhoft, K. 2013. Cool season invasive grasses in Northern Great Plains natural areas. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):81-90.

del Hoyo, A., López-Pujol, J., Chung, M.Y., and de la Vega, B.L. 2012. Population genetics and conservation of the extremely narrow Pyrenean palaeoendemic Glandora oleifolia (Boraginaceae). Plant Ecol. Divers. 5(4):501-511.

Desserud, P.A., and Naeth, M.A. 2013. Natural recovery of rough fescue (Festuca hallii (Vasey) Piper) grassland after disturbance by pipeline construction in central Alberta, Canada. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):91-98.

Diaz-Forero, I., Kuusemets, V., Mänd, M., Liivamägi, A., Kaart, T., and Luig, J. 2013. Influence of local and landscape factors on bumblebees in semi-natural meadows: a multiple-scale study in a forested landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):113-125.

Dick, C.W., Lewis, S.L., Maslin, M., and Bermingham, E. 2013. Neogene origins and implied warmth tolerance of Amazon tree species. Ecol. Evol. 3(1):162-169.

Dick, J.T.A., Alexander, M.E., and MacNeil, C. 2013. Natural born killers: an invasive amphipod is predatory throughout its life-history. Biol. Invasions 15(2):309-313.

Dieker, P., Drees, C., Schmitt, T., and Assmann, T. 2013. Low genetic diversity of a high mountain burnet moth species in the Pyrenees. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):231-236.

Dinerstein, E., Varma, K., Wikramanayake, E., Powell, G., Lumpkin, S., Naidoo, R., Korchinsky, M., Del Valle, C., Lohani, S., Seidensticker, J., Joldersma, D., Lovejoy, T., and Kushlin, A. 2013. Enhancing conservation, ecosystem services, and local livelihoods through a wildlife premium mechanism. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):14-23.

Dionne, P.E., Zydlewski, G.B., Kinnison, M.T., Zydlewski, J., and Wippelhauser, G.S. 2013. Reconsidering residency: characterization and conservation implications of complex migratory patterns of shortnose sturgeon (Acispenser brevirostrum). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 70(1):119-127.

Donaldson, M.R., Raby, G.D., Nguyen, V.N., Hinch, S.G., Patterson, D.A., Farrell, A.P., Rudd, M.A., Thompson, L.A., O'Connor, C.M., Colotelo, A.H., McConnachie, S.H., Cook, K.V., Robichaud, D., English, K.K., and Cooke, S.J. 2013. Evaluation of a simple technique for recovering fish from capture stress: integrating physiology, biotelemetry, and social science to solve a conservation problem. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 70(1):90-100.

Edwards, D.P., and Laurance, W.F. 2013. Biodiversity despite selective logging. Science 339(6120):646-647.

Eilts, J.A., and Huxman, T.E. 2013. Invasion by an exotic, perennial grass alters responses of a native woody species in an arid system. J. Arid Environ. 88:206-212.

Eisenhauer, N., Schulz, W., Scheu, S., and Jousset, A. 2013. Niche dimensionality links biodiversity and invasibility of microbial communities. Funct. Ecol. 27(1):282-288.

Eiserhardt, W.L., Svenning, J.C., Baker, W.J., Couvreur, T.L.P., and Balslev, H. 2013. Dispersal and niche evolution jointly shape the geographic turnover of phylogenetic clades across continents. Sci. Rep. 3:1164.

Evans, K., Moore, R., and Harris, S. 2013. The social and ecological integration of captive-raised adolescent male African elephants (Loxodonta africana) into a wild population. PLoS ONE 8(2):e55933.

Fagúndez, J. 2013. Heathlands confronting global change: drivers of biodiversity loss from past to future scenarios. Ann. Botany 111(2):151-172.

Fajardo, L., Rodríguez, J.P., González, V., and Briceño-Linares, J.M. 2013. Restoration of a degraded tropical dry forest in Macanao, Venezuela. J. Arid Environ. 88:236-243.

Famelli, S., Pinheiro, S.C.P., Souza, F.L., Chiaravalloti, R.M., and Bertoluci, J. 2012. Population viability analysis of a long-lived freshwater turtle, Hydromedusa maximiliani (Testudines: Chelidae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):162-169.

Fang, J.Y., Wang, X.P., Liu, Y.N., Tang, Z.Y., White, P.S., and Sanders, N.J. 2012. Multi-scale patterns of forest structure and species composition in relation to climate in northeast China. Ecography 35(12):1072-1082.

Farley, K.A., Bremer, L.L., Harden, C.P., and Hartsig, J. 2013. Changes in carbon storage under alternative land uses in biodiverse Andean grasslands: implications for payment for ecosystem services. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):21-27.

Fernández-García, J.L. 2012. The endangered Dama dama mesopotamica Brooke, 1875: genetic variability, allelic loss and hybridization signals. Contrib. Zool. 81(4):223-233.

Flamm, R.O., Reynolds, J.E., and Harmak, C. 2013. Improving conservation of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris): conceptualization and contributions toward a regional warm-water network management strategy for sustainable winter habitat. Environ. Manage. 51(1):154-166.

Forsyth, D.M., Koehn, J.D., MacKenzie, D.I., and Stuart, I.G. 2013. Population dynamics of invading freshwater fish: common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia. Biol. Invasions 15(2):341-354.

Fortney, A.N., Poulin, R.G., Martino, J.A., Parker, D.L., and Somers, C.M. 2012. Proximity to hibernacula and road type influence potential road mortality of snakes in southwestern Saskatchewan. Can. Field-Natural. 126(3):194-203.

Fox, R. 2013. The decline of moths in Great Britain: a review of possible causes. Insect Conserv. Divers. 6(1):5-19.

Franco, A., Franzoi, P., Malavasi, S., Zucchetta, M., and Torricelli, P. 2012. Population and habitat status of two endemic sand gobies in lagoon marshes - implications for conservation. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 114:31-40.

Franklin, J., Davis, F.W., Ikegami, M., Syphard, A.D., Flint, L.E., Flint, A.L., and Hannah, L. 2013. Modeling plant species distributions under future climates: how fine scale do climate projections need to be? Global Change Biol. 19(2):473-483.

Gaertner-Mazouni, N., and De Wit, R. 2012. Exploring new issues for coastal lagoons monitoring and management. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 114:1-6.

Gaither, M.R., Aeby, G., Vignon, M., Meguro, Y., Rigby, M., Runyon, C., Toonen, R.J., Wood, C.L., and Bowen, B.W. 2013. An invasive fish and the time-lagged spread of its parasite across the Hawaiian Archipelago. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56940.

Gao, H., Ouyang, Z.Y., Chen, S.B., and van Koppen, C.S.A. 2013. Role of culturally protected forests in biodiversity conservation in Southeast China. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):531-544.

Gao, X.M., Zhao, Y.J., Yang, X.J., and Sun, S.C. 2013. Linking trait differences to community dynamics: evidence from Eupatorium adenophorum and co-occurring native species during a three-year succession. PLoS ONE 8(1):e50247.

Garcia-Gonzalez, C., and Garcia-Vazquez, E. 2012. Urban ponds, neglected Noah's Ark for amphibians. J. Herpetol. 46(4):507-514.

Garthe, S., Markones, N., Mendel, B., Sonntag, N., and Krause, J.C. 2012. Protected areas for seabirds in German offshore waters: designation, retrospective consideration and current perspectives. Biol. Conserv. 156:126-135.

Gates, K.K., Kerans, B.L., Keebaugh, J.L., Kalinowski, S., and Vu, N. 2013. Taxonomic identity of the endangered Snake River physa, Physa natricina (Pulmonata: Physidae) combining traditional and molecular techniques. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):159-169.

Georgiakakis, P., Kret, E., Cárcamo, B., Doutau, B., Kafkaletou-Diez, A., Vasilakis, D., and Papadatou, E. 2012. Bat fatalities at wind farms in north-eastern Greece. Acta Chiropterol. 14(2):459-468.

Gilbert, B., and Levine, J.M. 2013. Plant invasions and extinction debts. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110(5):1744-1749.

Gilg, M.R., Johnson, E.G., Gobin, J., Bright, B.M., and Ortolaza, A.I. 2013. Population genetics of introduced and native populations of the green mussel, Perna viridis: determining patterns of introduction. Biol. Invasions 15(2):459-472.

Girardello, M., and Morelli, F. 2012. Modelling the environmental niche of a declining farmland bird species. Italian J. Zool. 79(3):434-440.

González, E.J., Rees, M., and Martorell, C. 2013. Identifying the demographic processes relevant for species conservation in human-impacted areas: does the model matter? Oecologia 171(2):347-356.

González-Gallina, A., Benítez-Badillo, G., Rojas-Soto, O.R., and Hidalgo-Mihart, M.G. 2013. The small, the forgotten and the dead: highway impact on vertebrates and its implications for mitigation strategies. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):325-342.

González, L.M., and de Larrinoa, P.F. 2013. Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus distribution and fisheries interactions in the Atlantic Sahara during the second half of the 20th century. Mammalia 77(1):41-49.

González-Suárez, M., and Revilla, E. 2013. Variability in life-history and ecological traits is a buffer against extinction in mammals. Ecol. Lett. 16(2):242-251.

Gormally, C.L., Hamrick, J.L., and Donovan, L.A. 2013. Inter-island but not intra-island divergence among populations of sea oats, Uniola paniculata L. (Poaceae). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):185-193.

Graefe, S., Dufour, D., van Zonneveld, M., Rodriguez, F., and Gonzalez, A. 2013. Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) in tropical Latin America: implications for biodiversity conservation, natural resource management and human nutrition. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):269-300.

Graening, G.O., Fong, D., Serpa, L., Sharma, N.S., and Graening, G.J. 2012. Conservation status of the Tomales Bay Isopod Caecidotea tomalensis (Malacostraca: Isopoda). Calif. Fish Game 98(4):202-213.

Graham, S.P., Beamer, D., and Lamb, T. 2012. Good news at last: conservation status of the seepage salamander (Desmognathus aeneus). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):339-348.

Grant, R., Halliday, T., and Chadwick, E. 2013. Amphibians' response to the lunar synodic cycle-a review of current knowledge, recommendations, and implications for conservation. Behav. Ecol. 24(1):53-62.

Gravili, C., Di Camillo, C.G., Piraino, S., and Boero, F. 2013. Hydrozoan species richness in the Mediterranean Sea: past and present. Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 34:41-62.

Grecian, W.J., Witt, M.J., Attrill, M.J., Bearhop, S., Godley, B.J., Grémillet, D., Hamer, K.C., and Votier, S.C. 2012. A novel projection technique to identify important at-sea areas for seabird conservation: an example using Northern gannets breeding in the North East Atlantic. Biol. Conserv. 156:43-52.

Groppo, M., Favaretto, B.S.G., da Silva, C.I., Jardim, J.G., and Fiaschi, P. 2013. A new species of Kuhlmanniodendron (Lindackerieae, Achariaceae) from eastern Brazil and the systematic position of the genus in Achariaceae. Syst. Bot. 38(1):162-171.

Guerrero, A.M., McAllister, R.R.J., Corcoran, J., and Wilson, K.A. 2013. Scale mismatches, conservation planning, and the value of social-network analyses. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):35-44.

Guilhaumon, F., Basset, A., Barbone, E., and Mouillot, D. 2012. Species-area relationships as a tool for the conservation of benthic invertebrates in Italian coastal lagoons. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 114:50-58.

Gutierrez, E.E., and Helgen, K.M. 2013. Outdated taxonomy blocks conservation. Nature 495(7441):314.

Gutiérrez-Vélez, V.H., and DeFries, R. 2013. Annual multi-resolution detection of land cover conversion to oil palm in the Peruvian Amazon. Remote Sens. Environ. 129:154-167.

Haanes, H., Rosvold, J., and Røed, K.H. 2013. Non-indigenous introgression into the Norwegian red deer population. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):237-242.

Hackett, T.D., Korine, C., and Holderied, M.W. 2013. The importance of Acacia trees for insectivorous bats and arthropods in the Arava desert. PLoS ONE 8(2):e52999.

Hamel, M.A., Andréfouët, S., and Pressey, R.L. 2013. Compromises between international habitat conservation guidelines and small-scale fisheries in Pacific island countries. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):46-57.

Hamilton, C.M., Martinuzzi, S., Plantinga, A.J., Radeloff, V.C., Lewis, D.J., Thogmartin, W.E., Heglund, P.J., and Pidgeon, A.M. 2013. Current and future land use around a nationwide protected area network. PLoS ONE 8(1):e55737.

Hanna, C., Foote, D., and Kremen, C. 2013. Invasive species management restores a plant-pollinator mutualism in Hawaii. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):147-155.

Hanski, I. 2013. Extinction debt at different spatial scales. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):12-13.

Hanson, D., Hirano, Y., and Valdés, Á. 2013. Population genetics of Haminoea (Haloa) japonica Pilsbry, 1895, a widespread non-indigenous sea slug (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) in North America and Europe. Biol. Invasions 15(2):395-406.

Harrison, M.E., and Paoli, G.D. 2012. Managing the risk of biodiversity leakage from prioritising REDD+ in the most carbon-rich forests: the case study of peat-swamp forests in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):426-433.

Hartmann, K., and André, J. 2013. Should evolutionary history guide conservation? Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):449-458.

Heard, M.J., and Sax, D.F. 2013. Coexistence between native and exotic species is facilitated by asymmetries in competitive ability and susceptibility to herbivores. Ecol. Lett. 16(2):206-213.

Heath, S., Schrey, A.W., Ashton, K.G., Mushinsky, H.R., and McCoy, E.D. 2012. Contrasting genetic differentiation of a poorly dispersing lizard in connected and fragmented scrub habitats. J. Herpetol. 46(4):602-607.

Hebel, I., Galleguillos, C., Jaña, R., and Dacasa-Rüdinger, M.D.C. 2012. Early knowledge of Antarctica's vegetation: expanding past and current evidence. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 85(4):409-418.

Heinrich, G.L., Walsh, T.J., Jackson, D.R., and Atkinson, B.K. 2012. Boat strikes: a threat to the Suwannee Cooter (Pseudemys concinna suwanniensis). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):349-357.

Henkanaththegedara, S.M., and Stockwell, C.A. 2013. The role of gape-limitation in intraguild predation between endangered Mohave tui chub and non-native western mosquitofish. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 22(1):11-20.

Henriques, S., Pais, M.P., Batista, M.I., Costa, M.J., and Cabral, H.N. 2013. Response of fish-based metrics to anthropogenic pressures in temperate rocky reefs. Ecol. Indic. 25:65-76.

Henry, E.H., and Schultz, C.B. 2013. A first step towards successful conservation: understanding local oviposition site selection of an imperiled butterfly, mardon skipper. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):183-194.

Heusi-Silveira, M., Lopes, B.C., Ide, S., Castellani, T.T., and Hernández, M.I.M. 2012. Beetle (Insecta, Coleoptera) assemblage in a Southern Brazilian restinga: effects of anthropogenic disturbance and vegetation complexity. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 47(3):203-214.

Hoare, J.M., Monks, A., and O'Donnell, C.F.J. 2013. Do population indicators work? Investigating correlated responses of bird populations in relation to predator management. Ecol. Indic. 25:23-34.

Hobbelen, P.H.F., Samuel, M.D., Foote, D., Tango, L., and LaPointe, D.A. 2013. Modeling the impacts of global warming on predation and biotic resistance: mosquitoes, damselflies and avian malaria in Hawaii. Theor. Ecol. 6(1):31-44.

Holman, L., and Kokko, H. 2013. The consequences of polyandry for population viability, extinction risk and conservation. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 368(1613):20120053.

Holzmueller, E.J., and Jose, S. 2012. Response of the invasive grass Imperata cylindrica to disturbance in the southeastern forests, USA. Forests 3(4):853-863.

Hossack, B.R., Lowe, W.H., and Corn, P.S. 2013. Rapid increases and time-lagged declines in amphibian occupancy after wildfire. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):219-228.

Hu, G.W., Long, C.L., and Motley, T.J. 2013. Cremastra malipoensis (Orchidaceae), a new species from Yunnan, China. Syst. Bot. 38(1):64-68.

Hughes, K.A., Worland, M.R., Thorne, M.A.S., and Convey, P. 2013. The non-native chironomid Eretmoptera murphyi in Antarctica: erosion of the barriers to invasion. Biol. Invasions 15(2):269-281.

Hulme, M.F., Vickery, J.A., Green, R.E., Phalan, B., Chamberlain, D.E., Pomeroy, D.E., Nalwanga, D., Mushabe, D., Katebaka, R., Bolwig, S., and Atkinson, P.W. 2013. Conserving the birds of Uganda's banana-coffee arc: land sparing and land sharing compared. PLoS ONE 8(2):e54597.

Ibáñez, B., Moreno, E., and Barbosa, A. 2013. Parity, but not inbreeding, affects juvenile mortality in two captive endangered gazelles. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):108-117.

Ibáñez, I., Gornish, E.S., Buckley, L., Debinski, D.M., Hellmann, J., Helmuth, B., HilleRisLambers, J., Latimer, A.M., Miller-Rushing, A.J., and Uriarte, M. 2013. Moving forward in global-change ecology: capitalizing on natural variability. Ecol. Evol. 3(1):170-181.

Ibanez, T., Borgniet, L., Mangeas, M., Gaucherel, C., Géraux, H., and Hély, C. 2013. Rainforest and savanna landscape dynamics in New Caledonia: towards a mosaic of stable rainforest and savanna states? Austral Ecol. 38(1):33-45.

Iglecia, M.N., Collazo, J.A., and McKerrow, A.J. 2012. Use of occupancy models to evaluate expert knowledge-based species-habitat relationships. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 7(2):5.

Ishtiaq, M., Maqbool, M., Hussain, T., and Shah, A. 2013. Role of indigenous knowledge in biodiversity conservation of an area: a case study on tree ethnobotany of Soona Valley, District Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Bot. 45:157-164.

Izquierdo, A.E., and Clark, M.L. 2012. Spatial analysis of conservation priorities based on ecosystem services in the Atlantic Forest region of Misiones, Argentina. Forests 3(3):764-786.

Jaeschke, A., Bittner, T., Reineking, B., and Beierkuhnlein, C. 2013. Can they keep up with climate change? Integrating specific dispersal abilities of protected Odonata in species distribution modelling. Insect Conserv. Divers. 6(1):93-103.

Jakubowski, A.R., Casler, M.D., and Jackson, R.D. 2013. Genetic evidence suggests a widespread distribution of native North American populations of reed canarygrass. Biol. Invasions 15(2):261-268.

Jaryan, V., Uniyal, S.K., Kumar, A., Gupta, R.C., and Singh, R.D. 2013. Extent of occurrence and area of occupancy of tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum): using the red list criteria for documenting invasive species expanse. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 36(1):85-91.

Jenkins, P.T. 2013. Invasive animals and wildlife pathogens in the United States: the economic case for more risk assessments and regulation. Biol. Invasions 15(2):243-248.

Johnson, P.T.J., Hoverman, J.T., McKenzie, V.J., Blaustein, A.R., and Richgels, K.L.D. 2013. Urbanization and wetland communities: applying metacommunity theory to understand the local and landscape effects. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):34-42.

Johnston, C.A. 2013. Wetland losses due to row crop expansion in the Dakota Prairie Pothole Region. Wetlands 33(1):175-182.

Jones, T., Bamford, A.J., Ferrol-Schulte, D., Hieronimo, P., McWilliam, N., and Rovero, F. 2012. Vanishing wildlife corridors and options for restoration: a case study from Tanzania. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):463-474.

Jurskis, V. 2012. Plant invasions: symptoms and contributors rather than causes of environmental degradation. Forests 3(4):896-902.

Kahler, J.S., Roloff, G.J., and Gore, M.L. 2013. Poaching risks in community-based natural resource management. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):177-186.

Kajtoch, L., Kubisz, D., Lachowska-Cierlik, D., and Mazur, M.A. 2013. Conservation genetics of endangered leaf-beetle Cheilotoma musciformis populations in Poland. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):67-77.

Kapust, H.Q.W., McAllister, K.R., and Hayes, M.P. 2012. Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa) response to enhancement of oviposition habitat degraded by invasive reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):358-366.

Kennington, W.J., Cadee, S.A., Berry, O., Groth, D.M., Johnson, M.S., and Melville-Smith, R. 2013. Maintenance of genetic variation and panmixia in the commercially exploited western rock lobster (Panulirus cygnus). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):115-124.

Khalyani, A.H., Mayer, A.L., Webster, C.R., and Falkowski, M.J. 2013. Ecological indicators for protection impact assessment at two scales in the Bozin and Marakhil protected area, Iran. Ecol. Indic. 25:99-107.

Khan, A.U., Ahmad, F., and Sharif, F. 2013. Rapid ranking method for prioritizing restoration by evaluating human influences on the status of scrub forest: a case study. Pakistan J. Bot. 45(1):11-17.

Kiffner, C., Stoner, C., and Caro, T. 2013. Edge effects and large mammal distributions in a national park. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):97-107.

Knapp, E.J. 2012. Why poaching pays: a summary of risks and benefits illegal hunters face in Western Serengeti, Tanzania. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):434-445.

Knight, K.S., Brown, J.P., and Long, R.P. 2013. Factors affecting the survival of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees infested by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). Biol. Invasions 15(2):371-383.

Kopecký, M., Hédl, R., and Szabó, P. 2013. Non-random extinctions dominate plant community changes in abandoned coppices. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):79-87.

Kriticos, D.J., Leriche, A., Palmer, D.J., Cook, D.C., Brockerhoff, E.G., Stephens, A.E.A., and Watt, M.S. 2013. Linking climate suitability, spread rates and host-impact when estimating the potential costs of invasive pests. PLoS ONE 8(2):e54861.

Krömer, T., Acebey, A.R., and Smith, A.R. 2013. Taxonomic update, distribution and conservation status of grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiopsida) in Veracruz State, Mexico. Phytotaxa 82(1):29-44.

Kujala, H., Moilanen, A., Araújo, M.B., and Cabeza, M. 2013. Conservation planning with uncertain climate change projections. PLoS ONE 8(2):e53315.

Kunal, S.P., Kumar, G., Menezes, M.R., and Meena, R.M. 2013. Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals three stocks of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) in Indian waters. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):205-213.

Kunkel, K.E., Atwood, T.C., Ruth, T.K., Pletscher, D.H., and Hornocker, M.G. 2013. Assessing wolves and cougars as conservation surrogates. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):32-40.

Kushlan, J.A. 2012. A history of conserving colonial waterbirds in the United States. Waterbirds 35(4):608-625.

Lacroix, G.L. 2013. Migratory strategies of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) postsmolts and implications for marine survival of endangered populations. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 70(1):32-48.

Lamont, M.M., Carthy, R.R., and Fujisaki, I. 2012. Declining reproductive parameters highlight conservation needs of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):190-196.

Lankau, R.A. 2013. Species invasion alters local adaptation to soil communities in a native plant. Ecology 94(1):32-40.

Lapointe, M., and Brisson, J. 2012. A comparison of invasive Acer platanoides and native A. saccharum first-year seedlings: growth, biomass distribution and the influence of ecological factors in a forest understory. Forests 3(2):190-206.

Laporte, M., Beaudry, C.O.S., and Angers, B. 2013. Effects of road proximity on genetic diversity and reproductive success of the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):21-30.

Lascelles, B.G., Langham, G.M., Ronconi, R.A., and Reid, J.B. 2012. From hotspots to site protection: identifying Marine Protected Areas for seabirds around the globe. Biol. Conserv. 156:5-14.

Lawley, V., Parrott, L., Lewis, M., Sinclair, R., and Ostendorf, B. 2013. Self-organization and complex dynamics of regenerating vegetation in an arid ecosystem: 82 years of recovery after grazing. J. Arid Environ. 88:156-164.

Lawrence, J.M., Samways, M.J., Kelly, J.A., and Henwood, J. 2013. Population dynamics of a threatened giant millipede: implications for restoration. Invertebr. Biol. 132(1):46-51.

Le Corre, M., Jaeger, A., Pinet, P., Kappes, M.A., Weimerskirch, H., Catry, T., Ramos, J.A., Russell, J.C., Shah, N., and Jaquemet, S. 2012. Tracking seabirds to identify potential Marine Protected Areas in the tropical western Indian Ocean. Biol. Conserv. 156:83-93.

Lebuhn, G., Droege, S., Connor, E.F., Gemmill-Herren, B., Potts, S.G., Minckley, R.L., Griswold, T., Jean, R., Kula, E., Roubik, D.W., Cane, J., Wright, K.W., Frankie, G., and Parker, F. 2013. Detecting insect pollinator declines on regional and global scales. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):113-120.

Leducq, J.B., Siniarsky, C., Gosset, C.C., Gode, C., Poiret, M., Blondel, C., Hautekèete, N.C., Piquot, Y., Poux, C., Valentin, B., Billiard, S., and Vekemans, X. 2013. Intriguing small-scale spatial distribution of chloropastic and nuclear diversity in the endangered plant Biscutella neustriaca (Brassicaceae). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):65-77.

Legault, A., Theuerkauf, J., Baby, E., Moutin, L., Rouys, S., Saoumoé, M., Verfaille, L., Barré, N., Chartendrault, V., and Gula, R. 2013. Standardising distance sampling surveys of parrots in New Caledonia. J. Ornithol. 154(1):19-33.

Leroux, S.J., and Kerr, J.T. 2013. Land development in and around protected areas at the wilderness frontier. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):166-176.

Li, X.Y., Liang, L., Gong, P., Liu, Y., and Liang, F.F. 2013. Bird watching in China reveals bird distribution changes. Chinese Sci. Bull. 58(6):649-656.

Lima, E.P.E., Wanderlinde, J., de Almeda, D.T., Lopez, G., and Goldberg, D.W. 2012. Nesting ecology and conservation of the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):249-254.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Laurance, W.F., and Franklin, J.F. 2013. Old trees: large and small - response. Science 339(6122):905.

Liu, B.L., Su, J.B., Chen, J.W., Cui, G.F., and Ma, J.Z. 2013. Anthropogenic halo disturbances alter landscape and plant richness: a ripple effect. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56109.

Loeb, S.C., and Winters, E.A. 2013. Indiana bat summer maternity distribution: effects of current and future climates. Ecol. Evol. 3(1):103-114.

Lohr, C.A., Cox, L.J., and Lepczyk, C.A. 2013. Costs and benefits of trap-neuter-release and euthanasia for removal of urban cats in Oahu, Hawaii. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):64-73.

López-Pujol, J., Martinell, M.C., Massó, S., Blanché, C., and Sáez, L. 2013. The 'paradigm of extremes': extremely low genetic diversity in an extremely narrow endemic species, Coristospermum huteri (Umbelliferae). Plant Syst. Evol. 299(2):439-446.

Loring, P.A. 2013. Alternative perspectives on the sustainability of Alaska's commercial fisheries. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):55-63.

Loss, S.R., Hueffmeier, R.M., Hale, C.M., Host, G.E., Sjerven, G., and Frelich, L.E. 2013. Earthworm invasions in northern hardwood forests: a rapid assessment method. Nat. Areas J. 33(1):21-30.

Loss, S.R., Will, T., and Marra, P.P. 2013. The impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the United States. Nat. Commun. 4:1396.

Lowry, E., Rollinson, E.J., Laybourn, A.J., Scott, T.E., Aiello-Lammens, M.E., Gray, S.M., Mickley, J., and Gurevitch, J. 2013. Biological invasions: a field synopsis, systematic review, and database of the literature. Ecol. Evol. 3(1):182-196.

Loyola, R.D., Lemes, P., Nabout, J.C., Trindade, J., Sagnori, M.D., Dobrovolski, R., and Diniz, J.A.F. 2013. A straightforward conceptual approach for evaluating spatial conservation priorities under climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):483-495.

Ludynia, K., Kemper, J., and Roux, J.P. 2012. The Namibian Islands' Marine Protected Area: using seabird tracking data to define boundaries and assess their adequacy. Biol. Conserv. 156:136-145.

Luo, T.H., Yu, X.D., and Zhou, H.Z. 2013. Effects of reforestation practices on staphylinid beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in southwestern China forests. Environ. Entomol. 42(1):7-16.

Luteyn, J.L., and Pedraza-Peñalosa, P. 2013. Nomenclature, taxonomy, and conservation of the neotropical genus Sphyrospermum (Ericaceae: Vaccinieae), including five new species for Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Phytotaxa 79(1):1-29.

Macías-Duarte, A., and Panjabi, A.O. 2013. Association of habitat characteristics with winter survival of a declining grassland bird in Chihuahuan desert grasslands of Mexico. Auk 130(1):141-149.

Macqueen, P. 2012. Last chance to see: the role of phylogeography in the preservation of tropical biodiversity. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):417-425.

Mandel, J.R., Milton, E.F., Donovan, L.A., Knapp, S.J., and Burke, J.M. 2013. Genetic diversity and population structure in the rare Algodones sunflower (Helianthus niveus ssp. tephrodes). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):31-40.

Marfil-Daza, C., Pizarro, M., and Moreno-Rueda, G. 2013. Do hot spots of breeding birds serve as surrogate hot spots of wintering birds? An example from central Spain. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):60-68.

Márquez, C., Vargas, J.M., Villafuerte, R., and Fa, J.E. 2013. Understanding the propensity of wild predators to illegal poison baiting. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):118-129.

Márquez, R., Corredor, G., Galvis, C., Góez, D., and Amézquita, A. 2012. Range extension of the critically endangered true poison-dart frog, Phyllobates terribilis (Anura: Dendrobatidae), in western Colombia. Acta Herpetol. 7(2):341-345.

Marsden, C.D., Verberkmoes, H., Thomas, R., Wayne, R.K., and Mable, B.K. 2013. Pedigrees, MHC and microsatellites: an integrated approach for genetic management of captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):171-183.

Martins, M., Arnaud, G., and Ávila-Villegas, H. 2012. Juvenile recruitment, early growth, and morphological variation in the endangered Santa Catalina Island rattlesnake Crotalus catalinensis. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):376-382.

Mattos, K.J., Orrock, J.L., and Watling, J.I. 2013. Rodent granivores generate context-specific seed removal in invaded and uninvaded habitats. Am. Midl. Nat. 169(1):168-178.

Mauger, L.A., Velez, E., Cherkiss, M.S., Brien, M.L., Boston, M., Mazzotti, F.J., and Spotila, J.R. 2012. Population assessment of the American crocodile, Crocodylus acutus (Crocodilia: Crocodylidae) on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(4):1889-1901.

May, M.L. 2013. A critical overview of progress in studies of migration of dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera), with emphasis on North America. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):1-15.

Mazia, N., Tognetti, P.M., and Cirino, E.D. 2013. Patch identity and the spatial heterogeneity of woody encroachment in exotic-dominated old-field grasslands. Plant Ecol. 214(2):267-277.

McCauley, L.A., Jenkins, D.G., and Quintana-Ascencio, P.F. 2013. Isolated wetland loss and degradation over two decades in an increasingly urbanized landscape. Wetlands 33(1):117-127.

McGowan, C.P. 2013. A structured approach to incidental take decision making. Environ. Manage. 51(1):241-250.

McInnes, C.J., Coulter, L., Dagleish, M.P., Deane, D., Gilray, J., Percival, A., Willoughby, K., Scantlebury, M., Marks, N., Graham, D., Everest, D.J., McGoldrick, M., Rochford, J., McKay, F., and Sainsbury, A.W. 2013. The emergence of squirrelpox in Ireland. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):51-59.

McLeod, E., Anthony, K.R.N., Andersson, A., Beeden, R., Golbuu, Y., Kleypas, J., Kroeker, K., Manzello, D., Salm, R.V., Schuttenberg, H., and Smith, J.E. 2013. Preparing to manage coral reefs for ocean acidification: lessons from coral bleaching. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(1):20-27.

McMahon, C.R., Isagi, Y., Kaneko, S., Bowman, D.M.J.S., Brook, B.W., and Bradshaw, C.J.A. 2013. Genetic structure of introduced swamp buffalo subpopulations in tropical Australia. Austral Ecol. 38(1):46-56.

Men, Q.L., Chen, M.H., Zhang, Y.L., and Feng, J.N. 2013. Genetic structure and diversity of a newly invasive species, the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in China. Biol. Invasions 15(2):447-458.

Merritt, D.J., and Clarke, A.K. 2013. The impact of cave lighting on the bioluminescent display of the Tasmanian glow-worm Arachnocampa tasmaniensis. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):147-153.

Mgawe, P., Mulder, M.B., Caro, T., Martin, A., and Kiffner, C. 2012. Factors affecting bushmeat consumption in the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem of Tanzania. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):446-462.

Micancin, J.P., Toth, A., Anderson, R., and Mette, J.T. 2012. Sympatry and syntopy of the cricket frogs Acris crepitans and Acris gryllus in southeastern Virginia, USA and decline of A. gryllus at the northern edge of its range. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):276-298.

Miller, D.C., Agrawal, A., and Roberts, J.T. 2013. Biodiversity, governance, and the allocation of international aid for conservation. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):12-20.

Mimura, M., Mori, A.S., Uchida, M., and Kanda, H. 2013. Colonization of vegetation-rich moraines and inference of multiple sources of colonization in the High Arctic for Salix arctica. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):223-229.

Minckley, T.A., Turner, D.S., and Weinstein, S.R. 2013. The relevance of wetland conservation in arid regions: a re-examination of vanishing communities in the American Southwest. J. Arid Environ. 88:213-221.

Mohd-Azlan, J., and Engkamat, L. 2013. Camera trapping and conservation in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, Sarawak, Borneo. Raffles Bull. Zool. 61(1):397-405.

Mohsanin, S., Barlow, A.C.D., Greenwood, C.J., Islam, M.A., Kabir, M.M., Rahman, M.M., and Howlader, A. 2013. Assessing the threat of human consumption of tiger prey in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):69-76.

Montevecchi, W.A., Hedd, A., Tranquilla, L.M., Fifield, D.A., Burke, C.M., Regular, P.M., Davoren, G.K., Garthe, S., Robertson, G.J., and Phillips, R.A. 2012. Tracking seabirds to identify ecologically important and high risk marine areas in the western North Atlantic. Biol. Conserv. 156:62-71.

Monty, A., Bizoux, J.P., Escarré, J., and Mahy, G. 2013. Rapid plant invasion in distinct climates involves different sources of phenotypic variation. PLoS ONE 8(1):e55627.

Moore, K.D., and Moore, J.W. 2013. Ecological restoration and enabling behavior: a new metaphorical lens? Conserv. Lett. 6(1):1-5.

Morin, L., Paini, D.R., and Randall, R.P. 2013. Can global weed assemblages be used to predict future weeds? PLoS ONE 8(2):e55547.

Moro, M., Fischer, A., Czajkowski, M., Brennan, D., Lowassa, A., Naiman, L.C., and Hanley, N. 2013. An investigation using the choice experiment method into options for reducing illegal bushmeat hunting in western Serengeti. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):37-45.

Mortimer, J.A. 2012. Seasonality of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) reproduction at Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles (1980-2011) in the regional context of the Western Indian Ocean. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):170-181.

Mouquet, N., Gravel, D., Massol, F., and Calcagno, V. 2013. Extending the concept of keystone species to communities and ecosystems. Ecol. Lett. 16(1):1-8.

Munyuli, M.B.T., Nyeko, P., Potts, S., Atkinson, P., Pomeroy, D., and Vickery, J. 2013. Patterns of bee diversity in mosaic agricultural landscapes of central Uganda: implication of pollination services conservation for food security. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):79-93.

Muter, B.A., Gore, M.L., Gledhill, K.S., Lamont, C., and Huveneers, C. 2013. Australian and U.S. news media portrayal of sharks and their conservation. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):187-196.

Neame, L.A., Griswold, T., and Elle, E. 2013. Pollinator nesting guilds respond differently to urban habitat fragmentation in an oak-savannah ecosystem. Insect Conserv. Divers. 6(1):57-66.

Nemésio, A., Santos, J.E., and Santos, F.R. 2013. Eufriesea zhangi sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossina), a new orchid bee from Brazil revealed by molecular and morphological characters. Zootaxa 3609(6):568-582.

Nghiem, N. 2013. Biodiversity conservation attitudes and policy tools for promoting biodiversity in tropical planted forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):373-403.

Nichols, E., Uriarte, M., Bunker, D.E., Favila, M.E., Slade, E.M., Vulinec, K., Larsen, T., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., Louzada, J., Naeem, S., and Spector, S.H. 2013. Trait-dependent response of dung beetle populations to tropical forest conversion at local and regional scales. Ecology 94(1):180-189.

Noble, M.M., van Laake, G., Berumen, M.L., and Fulton, C.J. 2013. Community change within a Caribbean coral reef marine protected area following two decades of local management. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54069.

Nolte, C., and Agrawal, A. 2013. Linking management effectiveness indicators to observed effects of protected areas on fire occurrence in the Amazon rainforest. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):155-165.

Northrup, J.M., and Wittemyer, G. 2013. Characterising the impacts of emerging energy development on wildlife, with an eye towards mitigation. Ecol. Lett. 16(1):112-125.

Nowakowski, A.J., Hyslop, N.L., Watling, J.I., and Donnelly, M.A. 2013. Matrix type alters structure of aquatic vertebrate assemblages in cypress domes. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):497-511.

Nowicki, P., Halecki, W., and Kalarus, K. 2013. All natural habitat edges matter equally for endangered Maculinea butterflies. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):139-146.

O'Brien, S.H., Webb, A., Brewer, M.J., and Reid, J.B. 2012. Use of kernel density estimation and maximum curvature to set Marine Protected Area boundaries: identifying a Special Protection Area for wintering red-throated divers in the UK. Biol. Conserv. 156:15-21.

O'Brien, S.M., Gallucci, V.F., and Hauser, L. 2013. Effects of species biology on the historical demography of sharks and their implications for likely consequences of contemporary climate change. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):125-144.

Olson, D.H., Aanensen, D.M., Ronnenberg, K.L., Powell, C.I., Walker, S.F., Bielby, J., Garner, T.W.J., Weaver, G., Fisher, M.C., and The Bd Mapping Group. 2013. Mapping the global emergence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, the amphibian chytrid fungus. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56802.

Omelková, M., and Ježek, J. 2012. A new species of the genus Trichomyia (Diptera: Psychodidae) and new faunistic data on non-phlebotomine moth flies from the Podyjí NP and its surroundings (Czech Republic). Acta Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 52(2):505-533.

Oppel, S., Meirinho, A., Ramírez, I., Gardner, B., O'Connell, A.F., Miller, P.I., and Louzao, M. 2012. Comparison of five modelling techniques to predict the spatial distribution and abundance of seabirds. Biol. Conserv. 156:94-104.

Orchan, Y., Chiron, F., Shwartz, A., and Kark, S. 2013. The complex interaction network among multiple invasive bird species in a cavity-nesting community. Biol. Invasions 15(2):429-445.

Palmer, M.E., Keller, W., and Yan, N.D. 2013. Gauging recovery of zooplankton from historical acid and metal contamination: the influence of temporal changes in restoration targets. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):107-118.

Park, K.J., Turner, A., and Minderman, J. 2013. Integrating applied ecology and planning policy: the case of micro-turbines and wildlife conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):199-204.

Parks, S.A., McKelvey, K.S., and Schwartz, M.K. 2013. Effects of weighting schemes on the identification of wildlife corridors generated with least-cost methods. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):145-154.

Pasachnik, S.A., Montgomery, C.E., Martinez, A., Belal, N., Clayson, S., and Faulkner, S. 2012. Body size, demography, and body condition in Utila spiny-tailed iguanas, Ctenosaura bakeri. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):391-398.

Pasachnik, S.A., Montgomery, C.E., Ruyle, L.E., Corneil, J.P., and Antúnez, E.E. 2012. Morphological and demographic analyses of the black-chested spiny-tailed iguana, Ctenosaura melanosterna, across their range: implications for population level management. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):399-406.

Paul, J., Budd, C., and Freeland, J.R. 2013. Conservation genetics of an endangered orchid in eastern Canada. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):195-204.

Pauls, S.U., Nowak, C., Balint, M., and Pfenninger, M. 2013. The impact of global climate change on genetic diversity within populations and species. Mol. Ecol. 22(4):925-946.

Pe'er, G., McNeely, J.A., Dieterich, M., Jonsson, B.G., Selva, N., Fitzgerald, J.M., and Nesshöver, C. 2013. IPBES: Opportunities and challenges for SCB and other learned societies. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):1-3.

Pearce, H., and Walters, C.L. 2012. Do green roofs provide habitat for bats in urban areas? Acta Chiropterol. 14(2):469-478.

Pedley, S.M., Bertoncelj, I., and Dolman, P.M. 2013. The value of the trackway system within a lowland plantation forest for ground-active spiders. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):127-137.

Pedrini, P., Rizzolli, F., Rossi, F., and Brambilla, M. 2012. Population trend and breeding density of corncrake Crex crex (Aves: Rallidae) in the Alps: monitoring and conservation implications of a 15-year survey in Trentino, Italy. Italian J. Zool. 79(3):377-384.

Pennekamp, F., Monteiro, E., and Schmitt, T. 2013. The larval ecology of the butterfly Euphydryas desfontainii (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in SW-Portugal: food plant quantity and quality as main predictors of habitat quality. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):195-206.

Penner, J., Adum, G.B., McElroy, M.T., Doherty-Bone, T., Hirschfeld, M., Sandberger, L., Weldon, C., Cunningham, A.A., Ohst, T., Wombwell, E., Portik, D.M., Reid, D., Hillers, A., Ofori-Boateng, C., Oduro, W., Plötner, J., Ohler, A., Leaché, A.D., and Rödel, M.O. 2013. West Africa - a safe haven for frogs? A sub-continental assessment of the chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis). PLoS ONE 8(2):e56236.

Pereira, H.M., Ferrier, S., Walters, M., Geller, G.N., Jongman, R.H.G., Scholes, R.J., Bruford, M.W., Brummitt, N., Butchart, S.H.M., Cardoso, A.C., Coops, N.C., Dulloo, E., Faith, D.P., Freyhof, J., Gregory, R.D., Heip, C., Höft, R., Hurtt, G., Jetz, W., Karp, D.S., McGeoch, M.A., Obura, D., Onoda, Y., Pettorelli, N., Reyers, B., Sayre, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Stuart, S.N., Turak, E., Walpole, M., and Wegmann, M. 2013. Essential biodiversity variables. Science 339(6117):277-278.

Perkins, L.B., and Nowak, R.S. 2013. Native and non-native grasses generate common types of plant-soil feedbacks by altering soil nutrients and microbial communities. Oikos 122(2):199-208.

Peters, V.E., Carroll, C.R., Cooper, R.J., Greenberg, R., and Solis, M. 2013. The contribution of plant species with a steady-state flowering phenology to native bee conservation and bee pollination services. Insect Conserv. Divers. 6(1):45-56.

Phipps, W.L., Willis, S.G., Wolter, K., and Naidoo, V. 2013. Foraging ranges of immature African white-backed vultures (Gyps africanus) and their use of protected areas in southern Africa. PLoS ONE 8(1):e52813.

Pichegru, L., Ryan, P.G., van Eeden, R., Reid, T., Grémillet, D., and Wanless, R. 2012. Industrial fishing, no-take zones and endangered penguins. Biol. Conserv. 156:117-125.

Pie, M.R., Meyer, A.L.S., Firkowski, C.R., Ribeiro, L.F., and Bornschein, M.R. 2013. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the distribution of microendemic montane frogs (Brachycephalus spp., Terrarana: Brachycephalidae) in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Ecol. Model. 250:165-176.

Proshek, B., Crawford, L.A., Davis, C.S., Desjardins, S., Henderson, A.E., and Sperling, F.A.H. 2013. Apodemia mormo in Canada: population genetic data support prior conservation ranking. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):155-170.

Punjabi, G.A., Athreya, V., and Linnell, J.D.C. 2012. Using natural marks to estimate free-ranging dog Canis familiaris abundance in a MARK-RESIGHT framework in suburban Mumbai, India. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):510-520.

Radeloff, V.C., Beaudry, F., Brooks, T.M., Butsic, V., Dubinin, M., Kuemmerle, T., and Pidgeon, A.M. 2013. Hot moments for biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Lett. 6(1):58-65.

Radenković, S., Nedeljković, Z., Ricarte, A., Vujić, A., and Šimić, S. 2013. The saproxylic hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) of Serbia. J. Nat. Hist. 47(1-2):87-127.

Raffa, K.F., Powell, E.N., and Townsend, P.A. 2013. Temperature-driven range expansion of an irruptive insect heightened by weakly coevolved plant defenses. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110(6):2193-2198.

Raimilla, V., Rau, J.R., and Muñoz-Pedreros, A. 2012. State of the art of the knowledge of Chilean raptor birds: present situation and future projections. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 85(4):469-480.

Ramirez, I., Paiva, V.H., Menezes, D., Silva, I., Phillips, R.A., Ramos, J.A., and Garthe, S. 2013. Year-round distribution and habitat preferences of the Bugio petrel. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 476:269-284.

Ranjith, L., Shukla, S.P., Vennila, A., and Gashaw, T.D. 2012. Bioinvasion in Antarctic ecosystems. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India B 82(3):353-359.

Ratnayeke, S., and van Manen, F.T. 2012. Assessing sloth bears as surrogates for carnivore conservation in Sri Lanka. Ursus 23(2):206-217.

Rattanawannee, A., Chanchao, C., Lim, J., Wongsiri, S., and Oldroyd, B.P. 2013. Genetic structure of a giant honey bee (Apis dorsata) population in northern Thailand: implications for conservation. Insect Conserv. Divers. 6(1):38-44.

Real, R., Romero, D., Olivero, J., Estrada, A., and Márquez, A.L. 2013. Estimating how inflated or obscured effects of climate affect forecasted species distribution. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53646.

Recart, W., Ackerman, J.D., and Cuevas, A.A. 2013. There goes the neighborhood: apparent competition between invasive and native orchids mediated by a specialist florivorous weevil. Biol. Invasions 15(2):283-293.

Reckendorfer, W., Funk, A., Gschöpf, C., Hein, T., and Schiemer, F. 2013. Aquatic ecosystem functions of an isolated floodplain and their implications for flood retention and management. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):119-128.

Redpath, S.M., Young, J., Evely, A., Adams, W.M., Sutherland, W.J., Whitehouse, A., Amar, A., Lambert, R.A., Linnell, J.D.C., Watt, A., and Gutierrez, R.J. 2013. Understanding and managing conservation conflicts. Trends Ecol. Evol. 28(2):100-109.

Rees, A.F., Al-Kiyumi, A., Broderick, A.C., Papathanasopoulou, N., and Godley, B.J. 2012. Each to their own: inter-specific differences in migrations of Masirah Island turtles. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):243-248.

Reichlin, T.S., Hobson, K.A., Van Wilgenburg, S.L., Schaub, M., Wassenaar, L.I., Martin-Vivaldi, M., Arlettaz, R., and Jenni, L. 2013. Conservation through connectivity: can isotopic gradients in Africa reveal winter quarters of a migratory bird? Oecologia 171(2):591-600.

Reynolds, R.G., and Gerber, G.P. 2012. Ecology and conservation of the Turks Island boa (Epicrates chrysogaster chrysogaster: Squamata: Boidae) on Big Ambergris Cay. J. Herpetol. 46(4):578-586.

Rice, E.S., and Silverman, J. 2013. Propagule pressure and climate contribute to the displacement of Linepithema humile by Pachycondyla chinensis. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56281.

Rick, T.C., and Lockwood, R. 2013. Integrating paleobiology, archeology, and history to inform biological conservation. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):45-54.

Ricouart, F., Cereghino, R., Gers, C., Winterton, P., and Legal, L. 2013. Influence of fire prevention management strategies on the diversity of butterfly fauna in the eastern Pyrenees. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):95-111.

Riedle, J.D., Rosen, P.C., Kazmaier, R.T., Holm, P., and Jones, C.A. 2012. Conservation status of an endemic kinosternid, Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale, in Arizona. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):182-189.

Robbins, T.R., Freidenfelds, N.A., and Langkilde, T. 2013. Native predator eats invasive toxic prey: evidence for increased incidence of consumption rather than aversion-learning. Biol. Invasions 15(2):407-415.

Robertson, B.A. 2012. Investigating targets of avian habitat management to eliminate an ecological trap. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 7(2):2.

Robinson, J.D., Simmons, J.W., Williams, A.S., and Moyer, G.R. 2013. Population structure and genetic diversity in the endangered bluemask darter (Etheostoma akatulo). Conserv. Genet. 14(1):79-92.

Rocha-Santos, L., and Talora, D.C. 2012. Recovery of Atlantic Rainforest areas altered by distinct land-use histories in northeastern Brazil. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):475-494.

Rodriguez-Cabal, M.A., Williamson, M., and Simberloff, D. 2013. Overestimation of establishment success of non-native birds in Hawaii and Britain. Biol. Invasions 15(2):249-252.

Roets, F., and Pryke, J.S. 2013. The rehabilitation value of a small culturally significant island based on the arthropod natural capital. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):53-65.

Rolhauser, A.G., D'Antoni, M.J., Gatica, M.G., and Pucheta, E. 2013. Species-specific influences of shrubs on the non-dormant soil seed bank of native and exotic plant species in central-northern Monte Desert. Austral Ecol. 38(1):87-94.

Romano, A., Bartolomei, R., Conte, A.L., and Fulco, E. 2012. Amphibians in Southern Apennine: distribution, ecology and conservation notes in the "Appennino Lucano, Val d'Agri e Lagonegrese" National Park (Southern Italy). Acta Herpetol. 7(2):203-219.

Ronconi, R.A., Lascelles, B.G., Longham, G.M., Reid, J.B., and Oro, D. 2012. The role of seabirds in Marine Protected Area identification, delineation, and monitoring: Introduction and synthesis. Biol. Conserv. 156:1-4.

Rosenmeier, L., Kjær, E.D., and Nielsen, L.R. 2013. The Scotch broom, Cytisus scoparius (Fabaceae), a paradox in Denmark - an invasive plant or endangered native species? Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 171(2):429-440.

Rout, M.E., Chrzanowski, T.H., Smith, W.K., and Gough, L. 2013. Ecological impacts of the invasive grass Sorghum halepense on native tallgrass prairie. Biol. Invasions 15(2):327-339.

Ruegg, K., Rosenbaum, H.C., Anderson, E.C., Engel, M., Rothschild, A., Baker, C.S., and Palumbi, S.R. 2013. Long-term population size of the North Atlantic humpback whale within the context of worldwide population structure. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):103-114.

Runting, R.K., Wilson, K.A., and Rhodes, J.R. 2013. Does more mean less? The value of information for conservation planning under sea level rise. Global Change Biol. 19(2):352-363.

Ruscoe, W.A., Sweetapple, P.J., Perry, M., and Duncan, R.P. 2013. Effects of spatially extensive control of invasive rats on abundance of native invertebrates in mainland New Zealand forests. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):74-82.

Rustam, Yasuda, M., and Tsuyuki, S. 2012. Comparison of mammalian communities in a human-disturbed tropical landscape in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Mamm. Stud. 37(4):299-311.

Ryan, M.E., Johnson, J.R., Fitzpatrick, B.M., Lowenstine, L.J., Picco, A.M., and Shaffer, H.B. 2013. Lethal effects of water quality on threatened California salamanders but not on co-occurring hybrid salamanders. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):95-102.

Salice, C.J. 2012. Multiple stressors and amphibians: contributions of adverse health effects and altered hydroperiod to population decline and extinction. J. Herpetol. 46(4):675-681.

Salomon, Y., McCarthy, M.A., Taylor, P., and Wintle, B.A. 2013. Incorporating uncertainty of management costs in sensitivity analyses of matrix population models. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):134-144.

Sanders, S., and Grochowski, J. 2013. The forests of Isle Royale National Park: can we preserve this pristine wilderness in the face of climate change? Nat. Areas J. 33(1):66-77.

Santangeli, A., and Cardillo, A. 2012. Spring and summer habitat preferences of little bustard in an agro-pastoral area in Sardinia (Italy). Italian J. Zool. 79(3):329-336.

Sasaki, K., Fox, S.F., and Duvall, D. 2012. Reproductive ecology and human-caused mortality in the Japanese Mamushi snake (Gloydius blomhoffii) on the northernmost main island of Japan. J. Herpetol. 46(4):689-695.

Sasmal, I., Jenks, J.A., Waits, L.P., Gonda, M.G., Schroeder, G.M., and Datta, S. 2013. Genetic diversity in a reintroduced swift fox population. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):93-102.

Schmidt, C. 2013. As threats to corals grow, hints of resilience emerge. Science 339(6127):1517-1519.

Schrautzer, J., Sival, F., Breuer, M., Runhaar, H., and Fichtner, A. 2013. Characterizing and evaluating successional pathways of fen degradation and restoration. Ecol. Indic. 25:108-120.

Schurr, F.M., Esler, K.J., Slingsby, J.A., and Allsopp, N. 2012. Fynbos Proteaceae as model organisms for biodiversity research and conservation. S. Afr. J. Sci. 108(11-12):10-13.

Sekar, K.C., Manikandan, R., and Srivastava, S.K. 2012. Invasive alien plants of Uttarakhand Himalaya. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India B 82(3):375-383.

Sfriso, A., Wolf, M.A., Maistro, S., Sciuto, K., and Moro, I. 2012. Spreading and autoecology of the invasive species Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in the lagoons of the north-western Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea, Italy). Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 114:192-198.

Siamudaala, V.M., Munyeme, M., Matandiko, W., Muma, J.B., and Munang'andu, H.M. 2012. Monitoring the endangered population of the antelope Kobus leche smithemani (Artiodactyla: Bovidae), in the Bangweulu ecosystem, Zambia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60(4):1631-1639.

Silcock, J.L., and Fensham, R.J. 2013. Arid vegetation in disequilibrium with livestock grazing: evidence from long-term exclosures. Austral Ecol. 38(1):57-65.

Silveira, J.M., Barlow, J., Andrade, R.B., Louzada, J., Mestre, L.A., Lacau, S., Zanetti, R., Numata, I., and Cochrane, M.A. 2013. The responses of leaf litter ant communities to wildfires in the Brazilian Amazon: a multi-region assessment. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):513-529.

Simkanin, C., Dower, J.F., Filip, N., Jamieson, G., and Therriault, T.W. 2013. Biotic resistance to the infiltration of natural benthic habitats: examining the role of predation in the distribution of the invasive ascidian Botrylloides violaceus. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 439:76-83.

Sindt, A.R., Quist, M.C., and Pierce, C.L. 2012. Habitat associations of fish species of greatest conservation need at multiple spatial scales in wadeable Iowa streams. North Am. J. Fish. Manag. 32(6):1046-1061.

Sliwinski, M.S., and Koper, N. 2012. Grassland bird responses to three edge types in a fragmented mixed-grass prairie. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 7(2):6.

Soga, M., and Koike, S. 2013. Mapping the potential extinction debt of butterflies in a modern city: implications for conservation priorities in urban landscapes. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):1-11.

Soga, M., Yamaura, Y., and Koike, S. 2013. From ecological pessimism to conservation chance: reviving living dead in changing landscapes. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):16-18.

Solefack, M.C.M., Chabrerie, O., Gallet-Moron, E., Nkongmeneck, B.A., Leumbe, O.N.L., and Decocq, G. 2012. Analysing deforestation by remote sensing coupled with structural equation models: example of the cloud forest of mount Oku (Cameroon). Acta Bot. Gallica 159(4):451-466.

Somaweera, R., Shine, R., Webb, J., Dempster, T., and Letnic, M. 2013. Why does vulnerability to toxic invasive cane toads vary among populations of Australian freshwater crocodiles? Anim. Conserv. 16(1):86-96.

Soomers, H., Karssenberg, D., Verhoeven, J.T.A., Verweij, P.A., and Wassen, M.J. 2013. The effect of habitat fragmentation and abiotic factors on fen plant occurrence. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):405-424.

Sorte, C.J.B., Ibáñez, I., Blumenthal, D.M., Molinari, N.A., Miller, L.P., Grosholz, E.D., Diez, J.M., D'Antonio, C.M., Olden, J.D., Jones, S.J., and Dukes, J.S. 2013. Poised to prosper? A cross-system comparison of climate change effects on native and non-native species performance. Ecol. Lett. 16(2):261-270.

Stamper, T.J., Hicke, J.A., Jennings, M., and Aycrigg, J. 2013. Spatial and temporal patterns of changes in protected areas across the Southwestern United States. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):343-356.

Steen, D.A., Conner, L.M., Smith, L.L., Provencher, L., Hiers, J.K., Pokswinski, S., Helms, B.S., and Guyer, C. 2013. Bird assemblage response to restoration of fire-suppressed longleaf pine sandhills. Ecol. Appl. 23(1):134-147.

Stockwell, C.A., Heilveil, J.S., and Purcell, K. 2013. Estimating divergence time for two evolutionarily significant units of a protected fish species. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):215-222.

Stucki, D.S., Rodhouse, T.J., Lyon, J.W., and Garrett, L.K. 2013. Natural resource conservation in a cultural park: evaluating the importance of Big Hole National Battlefield to the endemic Lemhi penstemon (Penstemon lemhiensis). Nat. Areas J. 33(1):50-58.

Studeny, A.C., Buckland, S.T., Harrison, P.J., Illian, J.B., Magurran, A.E., and Newson, S.E. 2013. Fine-tuning the assessment of large-scale temporal trends in biodiversity using the example of British breeding birds. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):190-198.

Sullivan, B.K., and Sullivan, K.O. 2012. Common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater) in an urban preserve: persistence of a small population and estimation of longevity. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):437-441.

Sun, J., and Southworth, J. 2013. Remote sensing-based fractal analysis and scale dependence associated with forest fragmentation in an Amazon tri-national frontier. Remote Sens. 5(2):454-472.

Sushinsky, J.R., Rhodes, J.R., Possingham, H.P., Gill, T.K., and Fuller, R.A. 2013. How should we grow cities to minimize their biodiversity impacts? Global Change Biol. 19(2):401-410.

Swanepoel, L.H., Lindsey, P., Somers, M.J., van Hoven, W., and Dalerum, F. 2013. Extent and fragmentation of suitable leopard habitat in South Africa. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):41-50.

Tabeni, S., Spirito, F., and Ojeda, R.A. 2013. Conservation of small and medium-sized mammals following native woodland regrowth: a case study in a long-term UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Argentina. J. Arid Environ. 88:250-253.

Tan, D.T., Thu, P.Q., and Dell, B. 2012. Invasive plant species in the national parks of Vietnam. Forests 3(4):997-1016.

Tanentzap, A.J., Lee, W.G., and Monks, A. 2013. Increased nitrogen cycling facilitates native forest regeneration: potential for restoring extinct ecological processes? Ecol. Appl. 23(1):36-45.

Tantipisanuh, N., and Gale, G.A. 2013. Representation of threatened vertebrates by a protected area system in Southeast Asia: the importance of non-forest habitats. Raffles Bull. Zool. 61(1):359-395.

Thaulow, J., Borgstrom, R., and Heun, M. 2013. Brown trout population structure highly affected by multiple stocking and river diversion in a high mountain national park. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):145-158.

Thaxter, C.B., Lascelles, B., Sugar, K., Cook, A.S.C.P., Roos, S., Bolton, M., Langston, R.H.W., and Burton, N.H.K. 2012. Seabird foraging ranges as a preliminary tool for identifying candidate Marine Protected Areas. Biol. Conserv. 156:53-61.

Thiem, J.D., Broadhurst, B.T., Lintermans, M., Ebner, B.C., Clear, R.C., and Wright, D. 2013. Seasonal differences in the diel movements of Macquarie perch (Macquaria australasica) in an upland reservoir. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 22(1):145-156.

Tingley, R., Phillips, B.L., Letnic, M., Brown, G.P., Shine, R., and Baird, S.J.E. 2013. Identifying optimal barriers to halt the invasion of cane toads Rhinella marina in arid Australia. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(1):129-137.

Tocco, C., Negro, M., Rolando, A., and Palestrini, C. 2013. Does natural reforestation represent a potential threat to dung beetle diversity in the Alps? J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):207-217.

Torma, A., and Császár, P. 2013. Species richness and composition patterns across trophic levels of true bugs (Heteroptera) in the agricultural landscape of the lower reach of the Tisza River Basin. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):35-51.

Torretta, J.P., and Poggio, S.L. 2013. Species diversity of entomophilous plants and flower-visiting insects is sustained in the field margins of sunflower crops. J. Nat. Hist. 47(3-4):139-165.

Touroult, J., and Le Gall, P. 2013. Fruit feeding Cetoniinae community structure in an anthropogenic landscape in West Africa. J. Insect Conserv. 17(1):23-34.

Tscheulin, T., and Petanidou, T. 2013. The presence of the invasive plant Solanum elaeagnifolium deters honeybees and increases pollen limitation in the native co-flowering species Glaucium flavum. Biol. Invasions 15(2):385-393.

Unfried, T.M., Hauser, L., and Marzluff, J.M. 2013. Effects of urbanization on Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) population connectivity. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):41-53.

Valderrama, S.V., Molles, L.E., and Waas, J.R. 2013. Effects of population size on singing behavior of a rare duetting songbird. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):210-218.

van der Grift, E.A., van der Ree, R., Fahrig, L., Findlay, S., Houlahan, J., Jaeger, J.A.G., Klar, N., Madriñan, L.F., and Olson, L. 2013. Evaluating the effectiveness of road mitigation measures. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):425-448.

van der Hoek, Y., Renfrew, R., and Manne, L.L. 2013. Assessing regional and interspecific variation in threshold responses of forest breeding birds through broad scale analyses. PLoS ONE 8(2):e55996.

Van der Hoop, J.M., Moore, M.J., Barco, S.G., Cole, T.V.N., Daoust, P.Y., Henry, A.G., McAlpine, D.F., McLellan, W.A., Wimmer, T., and Solow, A.R. 2013. Assessment of management to mitigate anthropogenic effects on large whales. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):121-133.

van der Walt, J., Nel, L.H., and Hoelzel, A.R. 2013. Differentiation at mitochondrial and nuclear loci between the blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) and bontebok (D.p. pygargus): implications for conservation strategy. Conserv. Genet. 14(1):243-248.

Vargas-Salinas, F., and Lopez-Aranda, F. 2012. Could roads restraint the movement of small mammals in Andean forests of Colombia? Study case in the bosque de Yotoco, Valle del Cauca. Caldasia 34(2):409-420.

Vasconcelos, H.L., and Bruna, E.M. 2012. Arthropod responses to the experimental isolation of Amazonian forest fragments. Zoologia 29(6):515-530.

Vaz-Pinto, F., Olabarria, C., and Arenas, F. 2013. Role of top-down and bottom-up forces on the invasibility of intertidal macroalgal assemblages. J. Sea Res. 76:178-186.

Vellend, M., and Kharouba, H.M. 2013. Setting conservation priorities when what you see is not what you get. Anim. Conserv. 16(1):14-15.

Venturas, M., Fuentes-Utrilla, P., Ennos, R., Collada, C., and Gil, L. 2013. Human-induced changes on fine-scale genetic structure in Ulmus laevis Pallas wetland forests at its SW distribution limit. Plant Ecol. 214(2):317-327.

Verlinden, M., Van Kerkhove, A., and Nijs, I. 2013. Effects of experimental climate warming and associated soil drought on the competition between three highly invasive West European alien plant species and native counterparts. Plant Ecol. 214(2):243-254.

Villalobos, F., Dobrovolski, R., Provete, D.B., and Gouveia, S.F. 2013. Is rich and rare the common share? Describing biodiversity patterns to inform conservation practices for South American anurans. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56073.

Virkkala, R., Heikkinen, R.K., Fronzek, S., Kujala, H., and Leikola, N. 2013. Does the protected area network preserve bird species of conservation concern in a rapidly changing climate? Biodivers. Conserv. 22(2):459-482.

Von Holle, B. 2013. Environmental stress alters native-nonnative relationships at the community scale. Biol. Invasions 15(2):417-427.

Wagner, C.M., and Grossman, G.D. 2013. Input matching and patch use by native and invasive minnows. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 22(1):55-65.

Waibel, A., Griffiths, C.J., Zuel, N., Schmid, B., and Albrecht, M. 2013. Does a giant tortoise taxon substitute enhance seed germination of exotic fleshy-fruited plants? J. Plant Ecol. 6(1):57-63.

Walker, R., Arima, E., Messina, J., Soares, B., Perz, S., Vergara, D., Sales, M., Pereira, R., and Castro, W. 2013. Modeling spatial decisions with graph theory: logging roads and forest fragmentation in the Brazilian Amazon. Ecol. Appl. 23(1):239-254.

Walker, R.C.J., and Rafeliarisoa, T.H. 2012. Distribution of radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiata) bush meat poaching effort. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 11(2):223-226.

Walzer, C., Kowalczyk, C., Alexander, J.M., Baur, B., Bogliani, G., Brun, J.J., Füreder, L., Guth, M.O., Haller, R., Holderegger, R., Kohler, Y., Kueffer, C., Righetti, A., Spaar, R., Sutherland, W.J., Ullrich-Schneider, A., Vanpeene-Bruhier, S.N., and Scheurer, T. 2013. The 50 most important questions relating to the maintenance and restoration of an ecological continuum in the European Alps. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53139.

Wang, W., Pechacek, P., Zhang, M.X., Xiao, N.W., Zhu, J.G., and Li, J.S. 2013. Effectiveness of nature reserve system for conserving tropical forests: a statistical evaluation of Hainan Island, China. PLoS ONE 8(2):e57561.

Wang, Z.H., Fang, J.Y., Tang, Z.Y., and Lin, X. 2012. Relative role of contemporary environment versus history in shaping diversity patterns of China's woody plants. Ecography 35(12):1124-1133.

Wedekind, C., Evanno, G., Székely, T., Pompini, M., Darbellay, O., and Guthruf, J. 2013. Persistent unequal sex ratio in a population of grayling (Salmonidae) and possible role of temperature increase. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):229-234.

Weinbaum, K.Z., Brashares, J.S., Golden, C.D., and Getz, W.M. 2013. Searching for sustainability: are assessments of wildlife harvests behind the times? Ecol. Lett. 16(1):99-111.

Whitall, D., Mason, A., and Pait, A. 2012. Nutrient dynamics in coastal lagoons and marine waters of Vieques, Puerto Rico. Trop. Conserv. Sci. 5(4):495-509.

Wilson, J.N., Bekessy, S., Parris, K.M., Gordon, A., Heard, G.W., and Wintle, B.A. 2013. Impacts of climate change and urban development on the spotted marsh frog (Limnodynastes tasmaniensis). Austral Ecol. 38(1):11-22.

Womble, J.N., and Gende, S.M. 2013. Post-breeding season migrations of a top predator, the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardii), from a marine protected area in Alaska. PLoS ONE 8(2):e55386.

Worm, B., and Branch, T.A. 2012. The future of fish. Trends Ecol. Evol. 27(11):594-599.

Wunder, J.L., Lampazzi, N.M., Acre, K.D., Bent, N.J., Canter, S.A., Chapman, A.M., Davies, M.A., Kashan, D., Keiley, J.W., Macintyre, R.I., Milton, T.F., Weichler, K.L., Wilson, M.J., and Takahashi, M.K. 2012. Promoting amphibian conservation through the college classroom: detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis among local amphibians. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):462-469.

Xie, W.J., and Gao, S. 2013. Invasive Spartina alterniflora-induced factors affecting epibenthos distribution in coastal salt marsh, China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica 32(2):81-88.

Xin, K., Zhou, Q., Arndt, S.K., and Yang, X. 2013. Invasive capacity of the mangrove Sonneratia apetala in Hainan Island, China. J. Trop. For. Sci. 25(1):70-78.

Yacelga, M., Cayot, L.J., and Jaramillo, A. 2012. Dispersal of neonatal Galápagos marine iguanas Amblyrhynchus cristatus from their nesting zone: natural history and conservation implications. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 7(3):470-480.

Zachos, F.E. 2013. Species splitting puts conservation at risk. Nature 494(7435):35.

Zepeda-Martínez, V., Mandujano, M.C., Mandujano, F.J., and Golubov, J.K. 2013. What can the demography of Astrophytum ornatum tell us of its endangered status? J. Arid Environ. 88:244-249.

Zhang, L., Liu, J.Z., Wang, D.J., Schaller, G.B., Wu, Y.L., Harris, R.B., Zhang, K.J., and Lu, Z. 2013. Distribution and population status of Przewalski's gazelle, Procapra przewalskii (Cetartiodactyla, Bovidae). Mammalia 77(1):31-40.

Zhang, W., Fan, X.H., Zhu, S.F., Zhao, H., and Fu, L.Z. 2013. Species-specific identification from incomplete sampling: applying DNA barcodes to monitoring invasive Solanum plants. PLoS ONE 8(2):e55927.

Żmihorski, M., Dziarska-Pałac, J., Sparks, T.H., and Tryjanowski, P. 2013. Ecological correlates of the popularity of birds and butterflies in Internet information resources. Oikos 122(2):183-190.

Zylberberg, M., Lee, K.A., Klasing, K.C., and Wikelski, M. 2013. Variation with land use of immune function and prevalence of avian pox in Galapagos finches. Conserv. Biol. 27(1):103-112.

**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]