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Department ofBotany



No. 347
November 2013


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In This Issue


Sea Turtles Face New Challenges in Bocas del Toro


Adapted from STRI News

Male green turtle, Chelonia mydas, from the Zapatilla Cays. (Photo by Anne and Peter Meylan)

Male green turtle, Chelonia mydas, from the Zapatilla Cays.
(Photo by Anne and Peter Meylan)

As recently as the early 1980s, sea turtle meat was sold in the public market in Panama's Bocas del Toro. Endangered sea turtles are now better protected along the Panamanian Caribbean near the border with Costa Rica. Still, they face numerous threats to survival, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institution (STRI) turtle researchers Anne and Peter Meylan write in a recent article in Chelonian Conservation and Biology summarizing the importance of Bocas del Toro Province and the adjacent Comarca Ngöbe-Buglé to four sea turtle species.

Threats are present throughout every life stage of the four species found in the region. Human activity remains the most pressing concern.

On beaches, clandestine hunters still kill the occasional turtle. More often, nests are raided by poachers and "subsidized predators" - animals found near human settlements - like cats, dogs and raccoons.

"Possibly due to increased nesting levels in recent years, poaching of nesting females has once again become a threat even within protected areas," write the Meylans and co-author Cristina OrdoÑez of The Sea Turtle Conservancy, in reference to hawksbill turtles, the area's second most common nesting turtle after the leatherback.

Lobster divers "also pose a serious threat," the researchers said. "Shallow reefs throughout most of the region are visited by lobster divers regularly, with some areas getting almost daily attention. It seems unlikely that small hawksbills can survive on reefs less than 30 meters deep long enough to reach puberty and migrate to an adult foraging range."

Bocas had a long history of legal turtle harvests. From 1950 to 1992, tortoiseshell from of about 152,000 hawksbills was sent to international markets. Monitoring programs by numerous Panamanian government agencies and local and international nongovernmental organizations have extensively patrolled beaches since the 1990s.

"The presence of conservation-minded visitors has also had the effect of discouraging exploitation of turtles, including the sale of meat, eggs, and tortoiseshell jewelry," the authors write.

While Bocas del Toro's economic shift toward more tourism may encourage turtle conservation, it also presents new challenges to recovering turtle populations.

"Threats associated with tourism and development need particular and immediate attention," the authors say, pointing to a number of current and planned beachfront tourism developments. "BocatoreÑos have historically avoided building on beachfront properties, but this is not the case for new development."


Current Literature


Abella, S.R., and Smith, S.D. 2013. Annual-perennial plant relationships and species selection for desert restoration. J. Arid Land 5(3):298-309.

Abellán, P., Sánchez-Fernández, D., Picazo, F., Millán, A., Lobo, J.M., and Ribera, I. 2013. Preserving the evolutionary history of freshwater biota in Iberian National Parks. Biol. Conserv. 162:116-126.

Acuña, V., Díez, J.R., Flores, L., Meleason, M., and Elosegi, A. 2013. Does it make economic sense to restore rivers for their ecosystem services? J. Appl. Ecol. 50(4):988-997.

Adams, W.M., and Sandbrook, C. 2013. Conservation, evidence and policy. Oryx 47(3):329-335.

Adekunle, V.A.J., Olagoke, A.O., and Akindele, S.O. 2013. Tree species diversity and structure of a Nigerian strict nature reserve. Trop. Ecol. 54(3):275-289.

Adjeroud, M., Briand, M.J., Kayal, M., and Dumas, P. 2013. Coral assemblages in Tonga: spatial patterns, replenishment capacities, and implications for conservation strategies. Environ. Monit. Assess. 185(7):5763-5773.

Albert, D.M., and Schoen, J.W. 2013. Use of historical logging patterns to identify disproportionately logged ecosystems within temperate rainforests of southeastern Alaska. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):774-784.

Albrecht, J., Berens, D.G., Blüthgen, N., Jaroszewicz, B., Selva, N., and Farwig, N. 2013. Logging and forest edges reduce redundancy in plant-frugivore networks in an old-growth European forest. J. Ecology 101(4):990-999.

Alex Perkins, T., Phillips, B.L., Baskett, M.L., and Hastings, A. 2013. Evolution of dispersal and life history interact to drive accelerating spread of an invasive species. Ecol. Lett. 16(8):1079-1087.

Altieri, A.H., Bertness, M.D., Coverdale, T.C., Axelman, E.E., Herrmann, N.C., and Szathmary, P.L. 2013. Feedbacks underlie the resilience of salt marshes and rapid reversal of consumer-driven die-off. Ecology 94(7):1647-1657.

Amouroux, P., Normand, F., Nibouche, S., and Delatte, H. 2013. Invasive mango blossom gall midge, Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Reunion Island: ecological plasticity, permanent and structured populations. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1677-1693.

An, S.S., Cheng, Y., Huang, Y.M., and Liu, D. 2013. Effects of revegetation on soil microbial biomass, enzyme activities, and nutrient cycling on the Loess Plateau in China. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):600-607.

Anand, M., Leithead, M., Silva, L.C.R., Wagner, C., Ashiq, M.W., Cecile, J., Drobyshev, I., Bergeron, Y., Das, A., and Bulger, C. 2013. The scientific value of the largest remaining old-growth red pine forests in North America. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1847-1861.

Andersen, D.K., Nygaard, B., Fredshavn, J.R., and Ejrnæs, R. 2013. Cost-effective assessment of conservation status of fens. Appl. Veg. Sci. 16(3):491-501.

Angeler, D.G., and Drakare, S. 2013. Tracing alpha, beta, and gamma diversity responses to environmental change in boreal lakes. Oecologia 172(4):1191-1202.

Arregoitia, L.D.V., Blomberg, S.P., and Fisher, D.O. 2013. Phylogenetic correlates of extinction risk in mammals: species in older lineages are not at greater risk. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1765):20131092.

Asah, S.T., and Blahna, D.J. 2013. Practical implications of understanding the influence of motivations on commitment to voluntary urban conservation stewardship. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):866-875.

Attum, O., Kramer, A., and El Din, S.M.B. 2013. Thermal utility of desert vegetation for the Egyptian tortoise and its conservation implications. J. Arid Environ. 96:73-79.

Aubry, K.B., Raley, C.M., Buskirk, S.W., Zielinski, W.J., Schwartz, M.K., Golightly, R.T., Purcell, K.L., Weir, R.D., and Yaeger, J.S. 2013. Meta-analyses of habitat selection by fishers at resting sites in the pacific coastal region. J. Wildlife Manag. 77(5):965-974.

Bacela-Spychalska, K., Grabowski, M., Rewicz, T., Konopacka, A., and Wattier, R. 2013. The 'killer shrimp' Dikerogammarus villosus (Crustacea, Amphipoda) invading Alpine lakes: overland transport by recreational boats and scuba-diving gear as potential entry vectors? Aquat. Conserv. 23(4):606-618.

Baguette, M., and Stevens, V.M. 2013. Predicting minimum area requirements of butterflies using life-history traits. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):645-652.

Barrows, C.W., Gadsden, H., Fisher, M., García-De la Peña, C., Castañeda, G., and López-Corrujedo, H. 2013. Patterns of lizard species richness within National Parks and Biosphere Reserves across North America's deserts. J. Arid Environ. 95:41-48.

Beale, C.M., Baker, N.E., Brewer, M.J., and Lennon, J.J. 2013. Protected area networks and savannah bird biodiversity in the face of climate change and land degradation. Ecol. Lett. 16(8):1061-1068.

Beasley, I., Pollock, K., Jefferson, T.A., Arnold, P., Morse, L., Yim, S., Kim, S.L., and Marsh, H. 2013. Likely future extirpation of another Asian river dolphin: the critically endangered population of the Irrawaddy dolphin in the Mekong River is small and declining. Mar. Mammal Sci. 29(3):E226-E252.

Beck, H., Snodgrass, J.W., and Thebpanya, P. 2013. Long-term exclosure of large terrestrial vertebrates: implications of defaunation for seedling demographics in the Amazon rainforest. Biol. Conserv. 163:115-121.

Beebee, T.J.C. 2013. Effects of road mortality and mitigation measures on amphibian populations. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):657-668.

Beever, E.A., Dobrowski, S.Z., Long, J., Mynsberge, A.R., and Piekielek, N.B. 2013. Understanding relationships among abundance, extirpation, and climate at ecoregional scales. Ecology 94(7):1563-1571.

Benigno, S.M., Dixon, K.W., and Stevens, J.C. 2013. Increasing soil water retention with native-sourced mulch improves seedling establishment in postmine Mediterranean sandy soils. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):617-626.

Benito-Garzón, M., Minh, H.D., Frascaria-Lacoste, N., and Fernández-Manjarrés, J. 2013. Habitat restoration and climate change: dealing with climate variability, incomplete data, and management decisions with tree translocations. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):530-536.

Bennett, V.J., Quinn, V.S., and Zollner, P.A. 2013. Exploring the implications of recreational disturbance on an endangered butterfly using a novel modelling approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1783-1798.

Bennie, J., Hodgson, J.A., Lawson, C.R., Holloway, C.T.R., Roy, D.B., Brereton, T., Thomas, C.D., and Wilson, R.J. 2013. Range expansion through fragmented landscapes under a variable climate. Ecol. Lett. 16(7):921-929.

Berger, J., Buuveibaatar, B., and Mishra, C. 2013. Globalization of the cashmere market and the decline of large mammals in Central Asia. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):679-689.

Bertelsmeier, C., Luque, G.M., and Courchamp, F. 2013. Global warming may freeze the invasion of big-headed ants. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1561-1572.

Bertolino, S., di Montezemolo, N.C., and Perrone, A. 2013. Habitat use of coexisting introduced eastern cottontail and native European hare. Mamm. Biol. 78(4):235-240.

Blackburn, T.M., Prowse, T.A.A., Lockwood, J.L., and Cassey, P. 2013. Propagule pressure as a driver of establishment success in deliberately introduced exotic species: fact or artefact? Biol. Invasions 15(7):1459-1469.

Blake, J.G., Mosquera, D., and Salvador, J. 2013. Use of mineral licks by mammals and birds in hunted and non-hunted areas of Yasuni National Park, Ecuador. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):430-437.

Blank, L., Sinai, I., Bar-David, S., Peleg, N., Segev, O., Sadeh, A., Kopelman, N.M., Templeton, A.R., Merilä, J., and Blaustein, L. 2013. Genetic population structure of the endangered fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) at the southernmost extreme of its distribution. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):412-421.

Bogaerts, S., Sparreboom, M., Pasmans, F., Almasri, A., Beukema, W., Shehab, A., and Amr, Z.S. 2013. Distribution, ecology and conservation of Ommatotriton vittatus and Salamandra infraimmaculata in Syria. Salamandra 49(2):87-96.

Bompard, A., Jaworski, C.C., Bearez, P., and Desneux, N. 2013. Sharing a predator: can an invasive alien pest affect the predation on a local pest? Pop. Ecol. 55(3):433-440.

Bourdeau, P.E., Pangle, K.L., Reed, E.M., and Peacor, S.D. 2013. Finely tuned response of native prey to an invasive predator in a freshwater system. Ecology 94(7):1449-1455.

Bradley, B.A. 2013. Distribution models of invasive plants over-estimate potential impact. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1417-1429.

Branch, T.A., Lobo, A.S., and Purce, S.W. 2013. Opportunistic exploitation: an overlooked pathway to extinction. Trends Ecol. Evol. 28(7):409-413.

Brcko, I.C., Hoogmoed, M.S., and Neckel-Oliveira, S. 2013. Taxonomy and distribution of the salamander genus Bolitoglossa Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854 (Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae) in Brazilian Amazonia. Zootaxa 3686(4):401-431.

Brehme, C.S., Tracey, J.A., McClenaghan, L.R., and Fisher, R.N. 2013. Permeability of roads to movement of scrubland lizards and small mammals. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):710-720.

Bried, J.T. 2013. Adaptive cluster sampling in the context of restoration. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):585-591.

Brocardo, C.R., Zipparro, V.B., de Lima, R.A.F., Guevara, R., and Galetti, M. 2013. No changes in seedling recruitment when terrestrial mammals are excluded in a partially defaunated Atlantic rainforest. Biol. Conserv. 163:107-114.

Brodie, J.F., and Giordano, A. 2013. Lack of trophic release with large mammal predators and prey in Borneo. Biol. Conserv. 163:58-67.

Brummer, T.J., Maxwell, B.D., Higgs, M.D., and Rew, L.J. 2013. Implementing and interpreting local-scale invasive species distribution models. Divers. Distrib. 19(8):919-932.

Buckley, L.B., Tewksbury, J.J., and Deutsch, C.A. 2013. Can terrestrial ectotherms escape the heat of climate change by moving? Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1765):20131149.

Buckley, R., Morrison, C., Castley, J.G., Pegas, F.D., and Mossaz, A. 2013. Conservation science and practice. Biol. Conserv. 162:133.

Buij, R., Croes, B.M., and Komdeur, J. 2013. Biogeographical and anthropogenic determinants of landscape-scale patterns of raptors in West African savannas. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1623-1646.

Bull, J.W., Suttle, K.B., Gordon, A., Singh, N.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2013. Biodiversity offsets in theory and practice. Oryx 47(3):369-380.

Burgman, M. 2013. Shaping the future of conservation biology. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):643-643.

Butler, M.J., Harris, G., and Strobel, B.N. 2013. Influence of whooping crane population dynamics on its recovery and management. Biol. Conserv. 162:89-99.

Cabeza, M. 2013. Knowledge gaps in protected area effectiveness. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):381-382.

Caci, G., Biscaccianti, A.B., Cistrone, L., Bosso, L., Garonna, A.P., and Russo, D. 2013. Spotting the right spot: computer-aided individual identification of the threatened cerambycid beetle Rosalia alpina. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):787-795.

Calinger, K.M., Queenborough, S., and Curtis, P.S. 2013. Herbarium specimens reveal the footprint of climate change on flowering trends across north-central North America. Ecol. Lett. 16(8):1037-1044.

Camacho, M., Luzardo, O.P., Boada, L.D., Jurado, L.F.L., Medina, M., Zumbado, M., and Orós, J. 2013. Potential adverse health effects of persistent organic pollutants on sea turtles: Evidences from a cross-sectional study on Cape Verde loggerhead sea turtles. Sci. Total Environ. 458:283-289.

Capinha, C., Larson, E.R., Tricarico, E., Olden, J.D., and Gherardi, F. 2013. Effects of climate change, invasive species, and disease on the distribution of native European crayfishes. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):731-740.

Caplan, T.R., Cothern, K., Landers, C., and Hummel, O.C. 2013. Growth response of coyote willow (Salix exigua) cuttings in relation to alluvial soil texture and water availability. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):627-638.

Cardoso-Leite, E., Podadera, D.S., Peres, J.C., and Castello, A.C.D. 2013. Analysis of floristic composition and structure as an aid to monitoring protected areas of dense rain forest in southeastern Brazil. Acta Bot. Bras. 27(1):180-194.

Carvalheiro, L.G., Kunin, W.E., Keil, P., Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J., Ellis, W.N., Fox, R., Groom, Q., Hennekens, S., Van Landuyt, W., Maes, D., Van de Meutter, F., Michez, D., Rasmont, P., Ode, B., Potts, S.G., Reemer, M., Roberts, S.P.M., Schaminée, J., WallisDeVries, M.F., and Biesmeijer, J.C. 2013. Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants. Ecol. Lett. 16(7):870-878.

Castro, S., Ferrero, V., Costa, J., Sousa, A.J., Castro, M., Navarro, L., and Loureiro, J. 2013. Reproductive strategy of the invasive Oxalis pes-caprae: distribution patterns of floral morphs, ploidy levels and sexual reproduction. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1863-1875.

Černá, K., Straka, J., and Munclinger, P. 2013. Population structure of pioneer specialist solitary bee Andrena vaga (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) in central Europe: the effect of habitat fragmentation or evolutionary history? Conserv. Genet. 14(4):875-883.

Chakona, A., and Swartz, E.R. 2013. A new redfin species, Pseudobarbus skeltoni (Cyprinidae, Teleostei), from the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Zootaxa 3686(5):565-577.

Chandler, R.B., King, D.I., Raudales, R., Trubey, R., Chandler, C., and Chávez, V.J.A. 2013. A small-scale land-sparing approach to conserving biological diversity in tropical agricultural landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):785-795.

Chessman, B.C. 2013. Do protected areas benefit freshwater species? A broad-scale assessment for fish in Australia's Murray-Darling Basin. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(4):969-976.

Chia, E.L., Somorin, O.A., Sonwa, D.J., and Tiani, A.M. 2013. Local vulnerability, forest communities and forest-carbon conservation: case of southern Cameroon. Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv. 5(8):498-507.

Chrobock, T., Weiner, C.N., Werner, M., Blüthgen, N., Fischer, M., and van Kleunen, M. 2013. Effects of native pollinator specialization, self-compatibility and flowering duration of European plant species on their invasiveness elsewhere. J. Ecology 101(4):916-923.

Cinar, M.E. 2013. Alien polychaete species worldwide: current status and their impacts. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 93(5):1257-1278.

Cisneros-Montemayor, A.M., Barnes-Mauthe, M., Al-Abdulrazzak, D., Navarro-Holm, E., and Sumaila, U.R. 2013. Global economic value of shark ecotourism: implications for conservation. Oryx 47(3):381-388.

Clavero, M., and Delibes, M. 2013. Using historical accounts to set conservation baselines: the case of Lynx species in Spain. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1691-1702.

Clifton, J. 2013. Compensation, conservation and communities: an analysis of direct payments initiatives within an Indonesian marine protected area. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):287-295.

Cook, C.N., Mascia, M.B., Schwartz, M.W., Possingham, H.P., and Fuller, R.A. 2013. Achieving conservation science that bridges the knowledge-action boundary. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):669-678.

Corace, R.G., Stout, A.T., Goebel, P.C., and Hix, D.M. 2013. Snag benchmarks and treatment options for mixed-pine forest restoration in eastern Upper Michigan. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):608-616.

Corlett, R.T. 2013. The shifted baseline: prehistoric defaunation in the tropics and its consequences for biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 163:13-21.

Costas, E., Gonzalez, R., López-Rodas, V., and Huertas, I.E. 2013. Mutation of microalgae from antifouling sensitivity to antifouling resistance allows phytoplankton dispersal through ships' biofouling. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1739-1750.

Cribb, P., Gautier, L., and Nusbaumer, L. 2013. How many species are there in the holomycotrophic genus Didymoplexis Griff. (Orchidaceae) in Madagascar? Candollea 68(1):41-49.

Crouzeilles, R., Vale, M.M., Cerqueira, R., and Grelle, C.E.V. 2013. Increasing strict protection through protected areas on Brazilian private lands. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):209-210.

Culot, L., Bovy, E., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., Guevara, R., and Galetti, M. 2013. Selective defaunation affects dung beetle communities in continuous Atlantic rainforest. Biol. Conserv. 163:79-89.

Curtis, O.E., Stirton, C.H., and Muasya, A.M. 2013. A conservation and floristic assessment of poorly known species rich quartz-silcrete outcrops within Rûens Shale Renosterveld (Overberg, Western Cape), with taxonomic descriptions of five new species. S. Afr. J. Bot. 87:99-111.

Cutting, K.J., and Hough-Goldstein, J. 2013. Integration of biological control and native seeding to restore invaded plant communities. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):648-655.

D'Amen, M., Bombi, P., Campanaro, A., Zapponi, L., Bologna, M.A., and Mason, F. 2013. Possible directions in the protection of the neglected invertebrate biodiversity. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):383-385.

D'Amen, M., Bombi, P., Campanaro, A., Zapponi, L., Bologna, M.A., and Mason, F. 2013. Protected areas and insect conservation: questioning the effectiveness of Natura 2000 network for saproxylic beetles in Italy. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):370-378.

Daru, B.H., Yessoufou, K., Mankga, L.T., and Davies, T.J. 2013. A global trend towards the loss of evolutionarily unique species in mangrove ecosystems. PLoS ONE 8(6):e66686.

Davies, T.J., and Yessoufou, K. 2013. Revisiting the impacts of non-random extinction on the tree-of-life. Biol. Lett. 9(4):20130343.

Davis, J., Pavlova, A., Thompson, R., and Sunnucks, P. 2013. Evolutionary refugia and ecological refuges: key concepts for conserving Australian arid zone freshwater biodiversity under climate change. Global Change Biol. 19(7):1970-1984.

Davis, S.K., Fisher, R.J., Skinner, S.L., Shaffer, T.L., and Brigham, R.M. 2013. Songbird abundance in native and planted grassland varies with type and amount of grassland in the surrounding landscape. J. Wildlife Manag. 77(5):908-919.

de Caralt, S., and Cebrian, E. 2013. Impact of an invasive alga (Womersleyella setacea) on sponge assemblages: compromising the viability of future populations. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1591-1600.

de Hierro, L.G.L., Moleón, M., Lupiáñez, D.G., Virgós, E., and Jiménez, R. 2013. Positive and negative unintended human-induced effects on Iberian mole abundance at the edge of its distribution area. Mamm. Biol. 78(4):276-282.

Deble, L.P., and Alves, F.D. 2013. Herbertia amabilis Deble & F. S. Alves (Iridaceae), a new species from Brazil. Candollea 68(1):133-137.

Denton, R.D., and Richter, S.C. 2013. Amphibian communities in natural and constructed ridge top wetlands with implications for wetland construction. J. Wildlife Manag. 77(5):886-896.

Di Fonzo, M., Collen, B., and Mace, G.M. 2013. A new method for identifying rapid decline dynamics in wild vertebrate populations. Ecol. Evol. 3(7):2378-2391.

Di Minin, E., Macmillan, D.C., Goodman, P.S., Escott, B., Slotow, R., and Moilanen, A. 2013. Conservation businesses and conservation planning in a biological diversity hotspot. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):808-820.

Dibble, K.L., Pooler, P.S., and Meyerson, L.A. 2013. Impacts of plant invasions can be reversed through restoration: a regional meta-analysis of faunal communities. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1725-1737.

Dichmont, C.M., Ellis, N., Bustamante, R.H., Deng, R., Tickell, S., Pascual, R., Lozano-Montes, H., and Griffiths, S. 2013. Evaluating marine spatial closures with conflicting fisheries and conservation objectives. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(4):1060-1070.

Dimeyeva, L.A. 2013. Phytogeography of the northeastern coast of the Caspian Sea: native flora and recent colonizations. J. Arid Land 5(4):439-451.

Dolný, A., Mižičová, H., and Harabiš, F. 2013. Natal philopatry in four European species of dragonflies (Odonata: Sympetrinae) and possible implications for conservation management. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):821-829.

Douda, K., Lopes-Lima, M., Hinzmann, M., Machado, J., Varandas, S., Teixeira, A., and Sousa, R. 2013. Biotic homogenization as a threat to native affiliate species: fish introductions dilute freshwater mussel's host resources. Divers. Distrib. 19(8):933-942.

Dubach, J.M., Briggs, M.B., White, P.A., Ament, B.A., and Patterson, B.D. 2013. Genetic perspectives on "Lion Conservation Units" in Eastern and Southern Africa. Conserv. Genet. 14(4):741-755.

Duckett, P.E., and Stow, A.J. 2013. Higher genetic diversity is associated with stable water refugia for a gecko with a wide distribution in arid Australia. Divers. Distrib. 19(8):1072-1083.

Duckett, P.E., Wilson, P.D., and Stow, A.J. 2013. Keeping up with the neighbours: using a genetic measurement of dispersal and species distribution modelling to assess the impact of climate change on an Australian arid zone gecko (Gehyra variegata). Divers. Distrib. 19(8):964-976.

Dupuch, A., and Fortin, D. 2013. The extent of edge effects increases during post-harvesting forest succession. Biol. Conserv. 162:9-16.

El Alami, A., van Lavieren, E., Aboufatima, R., and Chait, A. 2013. A survey of the Endangered Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus in the Central High Atlas Mountains of Morocco. Oryx 47(3):451-456.

Elledge, A.E., McAlpine, C.A., Murray, P.J., and Gordon, I.J. 2013. Modelling habitat preferences of feral pigs for rooting in lowland rainforest. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1523-1535.

Emer, C., Venticinque, E.M., and Fonseca, C.R. 2013. Effects of dam-induced landscape fragmentation on Amazonian ant-plant mutualistic networks. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):763-773.

Ernoul, L., and Wardell-Johnson, A. 2013. Governance in integrated coastal zone management: a social networks analysis of cross-scale collaboration. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):231-240.

Ernst, A., Sauer, J., Wittig, R., and Nowak, C. 2013. Local genetic structure of a montane herb among isolated grassland patches: implications for the preservation of genetic diversity under climate change. Pop. Ecol. 55(3):417-431.

Española, C.P., Collar, N.J., and Marsden, S.J. 2013. Are populations of large-bodied avian frugivores on Luzon, Philippines, facing imminent collapse? Anim. Conserv. 16(4):467-479.

Espeland, E.K. 2013. Predicting the dynamics of local adaptation in invasive species. J. Arid Land 5(3):268-274.

Esselman, P.C., Schmitter-Soto, J.J., and Allan, J.D. 2013. Spatiotemporal dynamics of the spread of African tilapias (Pisces: Oreochromis spp.) into rivers of northeastern Mesoamerica. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1471-1491.

Essens, T., and Hernández-Stefanoni, J.L. 2013. Mapping Lepidoptera and plant alpha-diversity across a heterogeneous tropical dry forest using field and remotely sensed data with spatial interpolation. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):725-736.

Esterio, G., Cares-Suárez, R., González-Browne, C., Salinas, P., Carvallo, G., and Medel, R. 2013. Assessing the impact of the invasive buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) on the pollination of the native Chilean herb Mimulus luteus. Arthropod-Plant Interact. 7(4):467-474.

Evans, D.M., Pocock, M.J.O., and Memmott, J. 2013. The robustness of a network of ecological networks to habitat loss. Ecol. Lett. 16(7):844-852.

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Gribben, P.E., I'Ons, S., Phillips, N.E., Geange, S.W., Wright, J.T., and Murray, B.R. 2013. Biogeographic comparisons of the traits and abundance of an invasive crab throughout its native and invasive ranges. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1877-1885.

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Guerbois, C., Dufour, A.B., Mtare, G., and Fritz, H. 2013. Insights for integrated conservation from attitudes of people toward protected areas near Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):844-855.

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Guzzo, M.M., Haffner, G.D., Legler, N.D., Rush, S.A., and Fisk, A.T. 2013. Fifty years later: trophic ecology and niche overlap of a native and non-indigenous fish species in the western basin of Lake Erie. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1695-1711.

Haddaway, N., and Pullin, A.S. 2013. Evidence-based conservation and evidence-informed policy: a response to Adams & Sandbrook. Oryx 47(3):336-338.

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Haidar, R.F., Fagg, J.M.F., Pinto, J.R.R., Dias, R.R., Damasco, G., Silva, L.D.R., and Fagg, C.W. 2013. Seasonal forests and ecotone areas in the state of Tocantins, Brazil: structure, classification and guidelines for conservation. Acta Amaz. 43(3):261-290.

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Hancock, N., Leishman, M.R., and Hughes, L. 2013. Testing the "local provenance" paradigm: a common garden experiment in Cumberland Plain woodland, Sydney, Australia. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):569-577.

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Harding, K., Benson, E.E., Nunes, E.D., Pilatti, F.K., Lemos, J., and Viana, A.M. 2013. Can biospecimen science expedite the ex situ conservation of plants in megadiverse countries? A focus on the flora of Brazil. Critical Rev. Plant Sci. 32(6):411-444.

Haussmann, N.S., Rudolph, E.M., Kalwij, J.M., and McIntyre, T. 2013. Fur seal populations facilitate establishment of exotic vascular plants. Biol. Conserv. 162:33-40.

Hazzah, L., Dolrenry, S., Kaplan, D., and Frank, L. 2013. The influence of park access during drought on attitudes toward wildlife and lion killing behaviour in Maasailand, Kenya. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):266-276.

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Heym, A., Deichsel, G., Hochkirch, A., Veith, M., and Schulte, U. 2013. Do introduced wall lizards (Podarcis muralis) cause niche shifts in a native sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) population? A case study from south-western Germany. Salamandra 49(2):97-104.

Holuša, J., Kočárek, P., and Vlk, R. 2013. Monitoring and conservation of Saga pedo (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) in an isolated nothwestern population. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):663-669.

Hrabar, H., and Kerley, G.I.H. 2013. Conservation goals for the Cape mountain zebra Equus zebra zebra - security in numbers? Oryx 47(3):403-409.

Hughes, K.A., Pertierra, L.R., and Walton, D.W.H. 2013. Area protection in Antarctica: how can conservation and scientific research goals be managed compatibly? Environ. Sci. Policy 31:120-132.

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Janks, M.R., and Barker, N.P. 2013. Using Mark-recapture to provide population census data for use in Red Listing of invertebrates: the rare terrestrial snail Prestonella bowkeri as a case study. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1609-1621.

Jaryan, V., Uniyal, S.K., Gupta, R.C., and Singh, R.D. 2013. Alien flora of Indian Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh. Environ. Monit. Assess. 185(7):6129-6153.

Jellinek, S., Parris, K.M., and Driscoll, D.A. 2013. Are only the strong surviving? Little influence of restoration on beetles (Coleoptera) in an agricultural landscape. Biol. Conserv. 162:17-23.

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Jessop, T.S., Kearney, M.R., Moore, J.L., Lockwood, T., and Johnston, M. 2013. Evaluating and predicting risk to a large reptile (Varanus varius) from feral cat baiting protocols. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1653-1663.

Jia, Y.F., Jiao, S.W., Zhang, Y.M., Zhou, Y., Lei, G.C., and Liu, G.H. 2013. Diet shift and its impact on foraging behavior of Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus) in Poyang Lake. PLoS ONE 8(6):e65843.

Jiang, M.K., Bullock, J.M., and Hooftman, D.A.P. 2013. Mapping ecosystem service and biodiversity changes over 70 years in a rural English county. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(4):841-850.

Jiang, T.Y., Wang, X.M., Ding, Y.Z., Liu, Z.S., and Wang, Z.H. 2013. Behavioral responses of blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) to nonlethal human recreational disturbance. Chinese Sci. Bull. 58(18):2237-2247.

Jorge, A.A., Vanak, A.T., Thaker, M., Begg, C., and Slotow, R. 2013. Costs and benefits of the presence of leopards to the sport-hunting industry and local communities in Niassa National Reserve, Mozambique. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):832-843.

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Kalarus, K., Skórka, P., and Nowicki, P. 2013. Resource use in two contrasting habitat types raises different challenges for the conservation of the dryad butterfly Minois dryas. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):777-786.

Kalesnik, F., Sirolli, H., and Collantes, M. 2013. Seed bank composition in a secondary forest in the Lower Delta of the Paraná River (Argentina). Acta Bot. Bras. 27(1):40-49.

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Kaproth, M.A., Eppinga, M.B., and Molofsky, J. 2013. Leaf litter variation influences invasion dynamics in the invasive wetland grass Phalaris arundinacea. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1819-1832.

Katzner, T., Johnson, J.A., Evans, D.M., Garner, T.W.J., Gompper, M.E., Altwegg, R., Branch, T.A., Gordon, I.J., and Pettorelli, N. 2013. Challenges and opportunities for animal conservation from renewable energy development. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):367-369.

Kawanishi, K., Clements, G.R., Gumal, M., Goldthorpe, G., Yasak, M.N., and Sharma, D.S.K. 2013. Using BAD for good: how best available data facilitated a precautionary policy change to improve protection of the prey of the tiger Panthera tigris in Malaysia. Oryx 47(3):420-426.

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Kemink, K.M., and Kesler, D.C. 2013. Using movement ecology to inform translocation efforts: a case study with an endangered lekking bird species. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):449-457.

Kent, V.T., and Hill, R.A. 2013. The importance of farmland for the conservation of the brown hyaena Parahyaena brunnea. Oryx 47(3):431-440.

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Khan, S.M., Page, S.E., Ahmad, H., and Harper, D.M. 2013. Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane ecosystems: the western Himalayas as a case study. Ann. Botany 112(3):479-501.

Khan, Z., Albrecht, M., and Traveset, A. 2013. Salt application as an effective measure to control ruderal invaders threatening endangered halophytic plant species. Appl. Veg. Sci. 16(3):448-456.

Kim, D., Conway, K.W., Jeon, H.B., Kwon, Y.S., and Won, Y.J. 2013. High genetic diversity within the morphologically conservative dwarf loach, Kichulchoia brevifasciata (Teleostei: Cobitidae), an endangered freshwater fish from South Korea. Conserv. Genet. 14(4):757-769.

Kitanishi, S., Nishio, M., Sagawa, S., Uehara, K., Ogawa, R., Yokoyama, T., Ikeya, K., and Edo, K. 2013. Strong population genetic structure and its implications for the conservation and management of the endangered Itasenpara bitterling. Conserv. Genet. 14(4):901-906.

Kose, Y.B., and Alan, S. 2013. Centaurea baseri (Compositae), a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa 117(1):23-29.

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Krauss, S.L., Sinclair, E.A., Bussell, J.D., and Hobbs, R.J. 2013. An ecological genetic delineation of local seed-source provenance for ecological restoration. Ecol. Evol. 3(7):2138-2149.

Krishnamurthy, V., Mandle, L., Ticktin, T., Ganesan, R., Saneesh, C.S., and Varghese, A. 2013. Conservation status and effects of harvest on an endemic multi-purpose cycad, Cycas circinalis L., Western Ghats, India. Trop. Ecol. 54(3):309-320.

Krug, A., and Pröhl, H. 2013. Population genetics in a fragmented population of the European tree frog (Hyla arborea). Amphibia-Reptilia 34(1):95-107.

Kurten, E.L. 2013. Cascading effects of contemporaneous defaunation on tropical forest communities. Biol. Conserv. 163:22-32.

Lachat, T., Ecker, K., Duelli, P., and Wermelinger, B. 2013. Population trends of Rosalia alpina (L.) in Switzerland: a lasting turnaround? J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):653-662.

Ladd, M.C., and Collado-Vides, L. 2013. Practical applications of monitoring results to improve managing for coral reef resilience: a case study in the Mexican Caribbean. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1591-1608.

Laparie, M., Renault, D., Lebouvier, M., and Delattre, T. 2013. Is dispersal promoted at the invasion front? Morphological analysis of a ground beetle invading the Kerguelen Islands, Merizodus soledadinus (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Biol. Invasions 15(8):1641-1648.

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Leader-Williams, N. 2013. Fate riding on their horns - and genes? Oryx 47(3):311-312.

Leather, S.R. 2013. Institutional vertebratism hampers insect conservation generally; not just saproxylic beetle conservation. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):379-380.

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Lescher, T.C., Briggler, J.T., and Tang-Martínez, Z. 2013. Relative abundance, population structure, and conservation of alligator snapping turtles (Macrochelys temminckii) in Missouri between 1993-1994 and 2009. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):163-168.

Levi, T., and Peres, C.A. 2013. Dispersal vacuum in the seedling recruitment of a primate-dispersed Amazonian tree. Biol. Conserv. 163:99-106.

Li, X., Zhang, S.D., Yang, Z.Y., Song, K.X., and Yi, T.S. 2013. Conservation genetics and population diversity of Erigeron breviscapus (Asteraceae), an important Chinese herb. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 49:156-166.

Liechti, F., Guélat, J., and Komenda-Zehnder, S. 2013. Modelling the spatial concentrations of bird migration to assess conflicts with wind turbines. Biol. Conserv. 162:24-32.

Lieurance, D., and Cipollini, D. 2013. Exotic Lonicera species both escape and resist specialist and generalist herbivores in the introduced range in North America. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1713-1724.

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Liu, B., Yang, Y., and Ma, K.P. 2013. A new species of Caryodaphnopsis Airy Shaw (Lauraceae) from southeastern Yunnan, China. Phytotaxa 118(1):1-8.

Liu, H.P., Hershler, R., Lang, B., and Davies, J. 2013. Molecular evidence for cryptic species in a narrowly endemic western North American springsnail (Pyrgulopsis gilae). Conserv. Genet. 14(4):917-923.

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Palmer, M.E., and Yan, N.D. 2013. Decadal-scale regional changes in Canadian freshwater zooplankton: the likely consequence of complex interactions among multiple anthropogenic stressors. Freshwater Biol. 58(7):1366-1378.

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Pikesley, S.K., Agamboue, P.D., Bonguno, E.A., Boussamba, F., Cardiec, F., Fay, J.M., Formia, A., Godley, B.J., Laurance, W.F., Mabert, B.D.K., Mills, C., Mounguengui, G.A.M., Moussounda, C., Ngouessono, S., Parnell, R.J., Sounguet, G.P., Verhage, B., White, L., and Witt, M.J. 2013. Here today, here tomorrow: beached timber in Gabon, a persistent threat to nesting sea turtles. Biol. Conserv. 162:127-132.

Poulsen, J.R., Clark, C.J., and Palmer, T.M. 2013. Ecological erosion of an Afrotropical forest and potential consequences for tree recruitment and forest biomass. Biol. Conserv. 163:122-130.

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Prokop, P., and Fančovičová, J. 2013. Does colour matter? The influence of animal warning coloration on human emotions and willingness to protect them. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):458-466.

Quintana-Ascencio, P.F., Fauth, J.E., Morales, L.M.C., Ponzio, K.J., Hall, D., and Snyder, K. 2013. Taming the beast: managing hydrology to control Carolina willow (Salix caroliniana) seedlings and cuttings. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):639-647.

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Rainho, A., and Palmeirim, J.M. 2013. Prioritizing conservation areas around multispecies bat colonies using spatial modeling. Anim. Conserv. 16(4):438-448.

Rannap, R., Markus, M., and Kaart, T. 2013. Habitat use of the common spadefoot toad (Pelobates fuscus) in Estonia. Amphibia-Reptilia 34(1):51-62.

Rasoma, R.V.J., Raselimanana, A.P., Ratovonamana, Y.R., and Ganzhorn, J.U. 2013. Habitat use and diet of Astrochelys radiata in the subarid zone of southern Madagascar. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):56-69.

Recio, M.R., Mathieu, R., Latham, M.C., Latham, A.D.M., and Seddon, P.J. 2013. Quantifying fine-scale resource selection by introduced European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in ecologically sensitive areas. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1807-1818.

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Regan, T.J., Taylor, B.L., Thompson, G.G., Cochrane, J.F., Ralls, K., Runge, M.C., and Merrick, R. 2013. Testing decision rules for categorizing species' extinction risk to help develop quantitative listing criteria for the US Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):821-831.

Regmi, B.P., Wivegh, J.S., and Hobæk, A. 2013. Population decline and life-cycle changes in a phantom midge (Chaoborus flavicans) after introduction of planktivorous fish. Freshwater Biol. 58(7):1436-1446.

Reid, N., Keys, A., Preston, J.S., Moorkens, E., Roberts, D., and Wilson, C.D. 2013. Conservation status and reproduction of the critically endangered freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) in Northern Ireland. Aquat. Conserv. 23(4):571-581.

Reider, K.E., Carson, W.P., and Donnelly, M.A. 2013. Effects of collared peccary (Pecan tajacu) exclusion on leaf litter amphibians and reptiles in a Neotropical wet forest, Costa Rica. Biol. Conserv. 163:90-98.

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Reyes-Velasco, J., Iverson, J.B., and Flores-Villela, O. 2013. The conservation status of several endemic Mexican kinosternid turtles. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):203-208.

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Richmond, J.Q., Barr, K.R., Backlin, A.R., Vandergast, A.G., and Fisher, R.N. 2013. Evolutionary dynamics of a rapidly receding southern range boundary in the threatened California Red-Legged Frog (Rana draytonii). Evol. Appl. 6(5):808-822.

Ricketts, T.H., and Lonsdorf, E. 2013. Mapping the margin: comparing marginal values of tropical forest remnants for pollination services. Ecol. Appl. 23(5):1113-1123.

Rissman, A.R. 2013. Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation easements for wildlife conservation. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):222-230.

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Roe, J.H., Clune, P.R., and Paladino, F.V. 2013. Characteristics of a leatherback nesting beach and implications for coastal development. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):34-43.

Rogers, A.A., Cleland, J.A., and Burton, M.P. 2013. The inclusion of non-market values in systematic conservation planning to enhance policy relevance. Biol. Conserv. 162:65-75.

Rohr, J.R., and Palmer, B.D. 2013. Climate change, multiple stressors, and the decline of ectotherms. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):741-751.

Rojas-Sandoval, J., and Meléndez-Ackerman, E. 2013. Population dynamics of a threatened cactus species: general assessment and effects of matrix dimensionality. Pop. Ecol. 55(3):479-491.

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Rouco, C., and Norbury, G. 2013. An introduced species helping another: dispersal of a rose seed infesting wasp by a marsupial in New Zealand. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1649-1652.

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Shartell, L.M., Lilleskov, E.A., and Storer, A.J. 2013. Predicting exotic earthworm distribution in the northern Great Lakes region. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1665-1675.

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Shwartz, A., Cheval, H., Simon, L., and Julliard, R. 2013. Virtual garden computer program for use in exploring the elements of biodiversity people want in cities. Conserv. Biol. 27(4):876-886.

Sites, J.W. 2013. Extinction, reintroduction, and restoration of a lizard meta-population equilibrium in the missouri ozarks. Mol. Ecol. 22(14):3653-3655.

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Sobrinho, M.S., Tabatinga, G.M., Machado, I.C., and Lopes, A.V. 2013. Reproductive phenological pattern of Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae), an invasive species in Brazil: annual in native areas; continuous in invaded areas of caatinga. Acta Bot. Bras. 27(2):456-459.

Somers, B., and Asner, G.P. 2013. Multi-temporal hyperspectral mixture analysis and feature selection for invasive species mapping in rainforests. Remote Sens. Environ. 136:14-27.

Song, Y., Zhao, Z., Xu, J., Chen, K., and Li, M.F. 2013. Threats to China's biological resources posed by expanding international trade. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1843-1845.

Sorice, M.G., Oh, C.O., Gartner, T., Snieckus, M., Johnson, R., and Donlan, C.J. 2013. Increasing participation in incentive programs for biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Appl. 23(5):1146-1155.

Soto-Azat, C., Valenzuela-Sánchez, A., Collen, B., Rowcliffe, J.M., Veloso, A., and Cunningham, A.A. 2013. The population decline and extinction of Darwin's frogs. PLoS ONE 8(6):e66957.

Speziale, K.L., and Lambertucci, S.A. 2013. The effect of introduced species on raptors. J. Raptor Res. 47(2):133-144.

Spotorno, A.E., Zuleta, C., Walker, L.I., Manriquez, G., Valladares, P., and Marin, J.C. 2013. A small, new gerbil-mouse Eligmodontia (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from dunes at the coasts and deserts of north-central Chile: molecular, chromosomic, and morphological analyses. Zootaxa 3683(4):377-394.

Staugas, E.J., Fenner, A.L., Ebrahimi, M., and Bull, C.M. 2013. Artificial burrows with basal chambers are preferred by pygmy bluetongue lizards, Tiliqua adelaidensis. Amphibia-Reptilia 34(1):114-118.

Steen, D.A., and Jachowski, D.S. 2013. Expanding shifting baseline syndrome to accommodate increasing abundances. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):527-529.

Steinmetz, R., Seuaturien, N., and Chutipong, W. 2013. Tigers, leopards, and dholes in a half-empty forest: assessing species interactions in a guild of threatened carnivores. Biol. Conserv. 163:68-78.

Sterling, E.J., McFadden, K.W., Holmes, K.E., Vintinner, E.C., Arengo, F., and Naro-Maciel, E. 2013. Ecology and conservation of marine turtles in a central Pacific foraging ground. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):2-16.

Stevens, T.K., Hale, A.M., Karsten, K.B., and Bennett, V.J. 2013. An analysis of displacement from wind turbines in a wintering grassland bird community. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1755-1767.

Stevenson, C.D., Ferryman, M., Nevin, O.T., Ramsey, A.D., Bailey, S., and Watts, K. 2013. Using GPS telemetry to validate least-cost modeling of gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) movement within a fragmented landscape. Ecol. Evol. 3(7):2350-2361.

Stewart, B.P., Nelson, T.A., Laberee, K., Nielsen, S.E., Wulder, M.A., and Stenhouse, G. 2013. Quantifying grizzly bear selection of natural and anthropogenic edges. J. Wildlife Manag. 77(5):957-964.

Subedi, N., Jnawali, S.R., Dhakal, M., Pradhan, N.M.B., Lamichhane, B.R., Malla, S., Amin, R., and Jhala, Y.V. 2013. Population status, structure and distribution of the greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in Nepal. Oryx 47(3):352-360.

Sueiro, M.C., Schwindt, E., Mendez, M.M., and Bortolus, A. 2013. Interactions between ecosystem engineers: a native species indirectly facilitates a non-native one. Acta Oecol. 51:11-16.

Summerville, K.S. 2013. Forest lepidopteran communities are more resilient to shelterwood harvests compared to more intensive logging regimes. Ecol. Appl. 23(5):1101-1112.

Takkis, K., Partel, M., Saar, L., and Helm, A. 2013. Extinction debt in a common grassland species: immediate and delayed responses of plant and population fitness. Plant Ecol. 214(7):953-963.

Tanentzap, A.J., Zou, J., and Coomes, D.A. 2013. Getting the biggest birch for the bang: restoring and expanding upland birchwoods in the Scottish Highlands by managing red deer. Ecol. Evol. 3(7):1890-1901.

Tanner, R.A., Varia, S., Eschen, R., Wood, S., Murphy, S.T., and Gange, A.C. 2013. Impacts of an invasive non-native annual weed, Impatiens glandulifera, on above- and below-ground invertebrate communities in the United Kingdom. PLoS ONE 8(6):e67271.

Tarrant, S., Ollerton, J., Rahman, M.L., Tarrant, J., and McCollin, D. 2013. Grassland restoration on landfill sites in the East Midlands, United Kingdom: an evaluation of floral resources and pollinating insects. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):560-568.

Tartally, A., Rodrigues, M.C., Brakels, P., and Arnaldo, P.S. 2013. Myrmica aloba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) hosts isolated populations of a hoverfly, a butterfly and an ichneumon species in NE-Portugal. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):851-855.

Tarvainen, O., Laine, A.M., Peltonen, M., and Tolvanen, A. 2013. Mineralization and decomposition rates in restored pine fens. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):592-599.

Taylor, C.M., and Rogers, Z.S. 2013. Six new species of Danais Vent. (Rubiaceae, Danaideae) from Madagascar. Candollea 68(1):167-180.

Terborgh, J. 2013. Using Janzen-Connell to predict the consequences of defaunation and other disturbances of tropical forests. Biol. Conserv. 163:7-12.

Thapa, K., Nepal, S., Thapa, G., Bhatta, S.R., and Wikramanayake, E. 2013. Past, present and future conservation of the greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in Nepal. Oryx 47(3):345-351.

Thorn, M., Green, M., Scott, D., and Marnewick, K. 2013. Characteristics and determinants of human-carnivore conflict in South African farmland. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(8):1715-1730.

Tingley, M.W., Estes, L.D., and Wilcove, D.S. 2013. Climate change must not blow conservation off course. Nature 500(7462):271-272.

Tompkins, D.M., Byrom, A.E., and Pech, R.P. 2013. Predicted responses of invasive mammal communities to climate-related changes in mast frequency in forest ecosystems. Ecol. Appl. 23(5):1075-1085.

Trapnell, D.W., Hamrick, J.L., Ishibashi, C.D., and Kartzinel, T.R. 2013. Genetic inference of epiphytic orchid colonization; it may only take one. Mol. Ecol. 22(14):3680-3692.

Trisurat, Y., Chimchome, V., Pattanavibool, A., Jinamoy, S., Thongaree, S., Kanchanasakha, B., Simcharoen, S., Sribuarod, K., Mahannop, N., and Poonswad, P. 2013. An assessment of the distribution and conservation status of hornbill species in Thailand. Oryx 47(3):441-450.

Tropek, R., Cerna, I., Straka, J., Cizek, O., and Konvicka, M. 2013. Is coal combustion the last chance for vanishing insects of inland drift sand dunes in Europe? Biol. Conserv. 162:60-64.

Tulloch, V.J., Possingham, H.P., Jupiter, S.D., Roelfsema, C., Tulloch, A.I.T., and Klein, C.J. 2013. Incorporating uncertainty associated with habitat data in marine reserve design. Biol. Conserv. 162:41-51.

Twedt, D.J. 2013. Foraging habitat for shorebirds in southeastern Missouri and its predicted future availability. Wetlands 33(4):667-678.

Underwood, J.G., Silbernagle, M., Nishimoto, M., and Uyehara, K. 2013. Managing conservation reliant species: Hawai'i's endangered endemic waterbirds. PLoS ONE 8(6):e67872.

Valbuena-Ureña, E., Amat, F., and Carranza, S. 2013. Integrative phylogeography of Calotriton newts (Amphibia, Salamandridae), with special remarks on the conservation of the endangered Montseny brook newt (Calotriton arnoldi). PLoS ONE 8(6):e62542.

Valderrama, S.V., Molles, L.E., Waas, J.R., and Slabbekoorn, H. 2013. Conservation implications of song divergence between source and translocated populations of the North Island Kōkako. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(4):950-960.

Vale, Á., Rojas, D., Álvarez, J.C., and Navarro, L. 2013. Distribution, habitat disturbance and pollination of the endangered orchid Broughtonia cubensis (Epidendrae: Laeliinae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(3):345-357.

Vaz-Pinto, F., Olabarria, C., Gestoso, I., Cacabelos, E., Incera, M., and Arenas, F. 2013. Functional diversity and climate change: effects on the invasibility of macroalgal assemblages. Biol. Invasions 15(8):1833-1846.

Velho, N., and Laurance, W.F. 2013. Hunting practices of an Indo-Tibetan Buddhist tribe in Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 47(3):389-392.

Venn, S.J., Kotze, D.J., Lassila, T., and Niemelä, J.K. 2013. Urban dry meadows provide valuable habitat for granivorous and xerophylic carabid beetles. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):747-764.

Verbruggen, H., Tyberghein, L., Belton, G.S., Mineur, F., Jueterbock, A., Hoarau, G., Gurgel, C.F.D., and De Clerck, O. 2013. Improving transferability of introduced species' distribution models: new tools to forecast the spread of a highly invasive seaweed. PLoS ONE 8(6):e68337.

Vergnes, A., Chantepie, S., Robert, A., and Clergeau, P. 2013. Are urban green spaces suitable for woodland carabids? First insights from a short-term experiment. J. Insect Conserv. 17(4):671-679.

Versieux, L.M., Tomaz, E.C., Fortunato, M., and Verola, C. 2013. A new yellow-flowered ornithophilous Vriesea and an illustrated collection of the bromeliads from Pico Alto, Serra do Baturité, Ceará State, Northeastern Brazil. Phytotaxa 117(2):42-50.

Vidal, M.M., Pires, M.M., and Guimarães, P.R. 2013. Large vertebrates as the missing components of seed-dispersal networks. Biol. Conserv. 163:42-48.

Vikane, J.H., Vandvik, V., and Vetaas, O.R. 2013. Invasion of Calluna heath by native and non-native conifers: the role of succession, disturbance and allelopathy. Plant Ecol. 214(7):975-985.

Vindstad, O.P.L., Schott, T., Hagen, S.B., Jepsen, J.U., Kapari, L., and Ims, R.A. 2013. How rapidly do invasive birch forest geometrids recruit larval parasitoids? Insights from comparison with a sympatric native geometrid. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1573-1589.

Von Holle, B., Neill, C., Largay, E.F., Budreski, K.A., Ozimec, B., Clark, S.A., and Lee, K. 2013. Ecosystem legacy of the introduced N2-fixing tree Robinia pseudoacacia in a coastal forest. Oecologia 172(3):915-924.

Wahlert, G.A., Nusbaumer, L., and Gautier, L. 2013. Rinorea ranirisonii Nusb. & Wahlert (Violaceae): a new species from the Daraina region of northern Madagascar. Candollea 68(1):87-92.

Walker, J., Rotella, J.J., Stephens, S.E., Lindberg, M.S., Ringelman, J.K., Hunter, C., and Smith, A.J. 2013. Time-lagged variation in pond density and primary productivity affects duck nest survival in the Prairie Pothole Region. Ecol. Appl. 23(5):1061-1074.

Wallace, K.M., Leslie, A.J., Coulson, T., and Wallace, A.S. 2013. Population size and structure of the Nile crocodile Crocodylus niloticus in the lower Zambezi valley. Oryx 47(3):457-465.

Walters, B.B., and Hansen, L. 2013. Farmed landscapes, trees and forest conservation in Saint Lucia (West Indies). Environ. Conserv. 40(3):211-221.

Wang, J., Shi, H.T., Wen, C., and Han, L.X. 2013. Habitat selection and conservation suggestions for the Yangtze giant softshell turtle (Rafetus swinhoei) in the upper Red River, China. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(1):177-184.

Westfall, K.M., and Gardner, J.P.A. 2013. Interlineage Mytilus galloprovincialis Lmk. 1819 hybridization yields inconsistent genetic outcomes in the Southern hemisphere. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1493-1506.

Wetzel, F.T., Beissmann, H., Penn, D.J., and Jetz, A. 2013. Vulnerability of terrestrial island vertebrates to projected sea-level rise. Global Change Biol. 19(7):2058-2070.

Wheeler, H.C., and Hik, D.S. 2013. Arctic ground squirrels Urocitellus parryii as drivers and indicators of change in northern ecosystems. Mammal Rev. 43(3):238-255.

Whitmore, S.S., Losee, S., Meyer, L., and Spradling, T.A. 2013. Conservation genetics of the central newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) in Iowa: the importance of a biogeographic framework. Conserv. Genet. 14(4):771-781.

Whitworth, D.L., Carter, H.R., and Gress, F. 2013. Recovery of a threatened seabird after eradication of an introduced predator: eight years of progress for Scripps's murrelet at Anacapa Island, California. Biol. Conserv. 162:52-59.

Wittmer, H.U., Elbroch, L.M., and Marshall, A.J. 2013. Good intentions gone wrong: did conservation management threaten Endangered huemul deer Hippocamelus bisulcus in the future Patagonia National Park? Oryx 47(3):393-402.

Wood, K.R., Burney, D.A., Allison, A., and Fisher, R. 2013. Emoia impar (Squamata, Scincidae): not extinct in the Hawaiian Islands. Oryx 47(3):328.

Woolaver, L.G., Nichols, R.K., Morton, E., and Stutchbury, B.J.M. 2013. Nestling sex ratio in a critically endangered dimorphic raptor, Ridgway's Hawk (Buteo ridgwayi). J. Raptor Res. 47(2):117-126.

Wortley, L., Hero, J.M., and Howes, M. 2013. Evaluating ecological restoration success: a review of the literature. Restor. Ecol. 21(5):537-543.

Wulffraat, S., and Morrison, J. 2013. Measuring biological indicators for status assessment of the heart of Borneo. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):277-286.

Yau, M.M., and Taylor, E.B. 2013. Environmental and anthropogenic correlates of hybridization between westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) and introduced rainbow trout (O. mykiss). Conserv. Genet. 14(4):885-900.

Yitbarek, T.W., Tadie, D., Timer, G., and Fischer, A. 2013. Evaluating governance processes in the sharing of revenues from wildlife tourism and hunting in Ethiopia. Environ. Conserv. 40(3):253-265.

You, Z.Q., Jiang, Z.G., Li, C.W., and Mallon, D. 2013. Impacts of grassland fence on the behavior and habitat area of the critically endangered Przewalski's gazelle around the Qinghai Lake. Chinese Sci. Bull. 58(18):2262-2268.

Zeigler, S.L., De Vleeschouwer, K.M., and Raboy, B.E. 2013. Assessing extinction risk in small metapopulations of golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) in Bahia state, Brazil. Biotropica 45(4):528-535.

Zengeya, T.A., Robertson, M.P., Booth, A.J., and Chimimba, C.T. 2013. Ecological niche modeling of the invasive potential of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in African river systems: concerns and implications for the conservation of indigenous congenerics. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1507-1521.

Zenni, R.D., and Simberloff, D. 2013. Number of source populations as a potential driver of pine invasions in Brazil. Biol. Invasions 15(7):1623-1639.

Zero, V.H., Sundaresan, S.R., O'Brien, T.G., and Kinnaird, M.F. 2013. Monitoring an Endangered savannah ungulate, Grevy's zebra Equus grevyi: choosing a method for estimating population densities. Oryx 47(3):410-419.

Zhang, D.Q., and Zhou, N. 2013. Genetic diversity and population structure of the endangered conifer Taxus wallichiana var. mairei (Taxaceae) revealed by Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 49:107-114.

Zhu, L.F., Hu, Y.B., Zhang, Z.J., and Wei, F.W. 2013. Effect of China's rapid development on its iconic giant panda. Chinese Sci. Bull. 58(18):2134-2139.

Žydelis, R., Small, C., and French, G. 2013. The incidental catch of seabirds in gillnet fisheries: a global review. Biol. Conserv. 162:76-88.


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