Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 351
March 2014

[PDF Print Version]

In This Issue

Partnership Highlights Progress on Global Plant Conservation Strategy

In 2002, the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) was adopted at the 6th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The most innovative element of the GSPC is the inclusion of 16 outcome-oriented targets aimed at achieving a series of measurable goals by the year 2010. Even though many of the targets were not achieved, the GSPC was successful in bringing together international collaboration and at organizing action from a variety of sectors. One outcome was the organization of the Global Partnership for Plant Conservation (GPPC), a group that counts the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History as a member. The GPPC supports the worldwide implementation of the GSPC.

In 2010, the 10th Conference of the Parties to the CBD adopted the Updated GSPC 2011-2020. The Strategy was revised by strengthening the language and making the goals even more ambitious. The GPPC had their second conference in July 2011, in St. Louis, Missouri. The meeting was designed to showcase examples of GSPC implementation during the period 2002-2010, and to provide support for national and regional GSPC implementation as it enters the new phase. Proceedings from the GPPC conference were recently published by the Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (Volume 99, Number 2; 2013).

Staff from the Smithsonian Institution contributed to two of the 14 articles of the published proceedings. Conservation concerns related to the native orchids of the United States and Canada are addressed in "The status and future of orchid conservation in North America" (Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 99: 180-198), written by Gary Krupnick (National Museum of Natural History), Melissa McCormick (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center), Tom Mirenda (Smithsonian Gardens), and Dennis Whigham (SERC). The paper focuses on nine of the 16 targets of the GSPC, detailing how three targets have been adequately achieved and noting the limited progress on the other six targets. Three case studies of efforts to conserve native threatened orchids are presented. The paper also describes the efforts in establishing the North American Orchid Conservation Center, an international program to conserve all native orchids in the U.S. and Canada.

The plant Isotria meleoloides is one of three case studies on endangered orchid species in a recent paper addressing progress on the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. (photo by Melissa McCormick) The plant Isotria meleoloides is one of three case studies on endangered orchid species in a recent paper addressing progress on the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. (photo by Melissa McCormick)

In another paper, Krupnick and Pedro Acevedo (NMNH), lead author James Miller (New York Botanical Garden), and eight additional co-authors from the New York Botanical Garden, the University of Puerto Rico, and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry discuss the efficient use of herbarium specimen data in the conservation evaluation of the native seed plant species of Puerto Rico. The paper, "Toward Target 2 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: an expert analysis of the Puerto Rican flora to validate new streamlined methods for assessing conservation status" (Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 99: 199-205), demonstrates two systems that both efficiently identifies species at risk, which is a step toward both the GSPC Target 2 and a more comprehensive IUCN Red List for plants.

Current Literature

Adekunle, V.A.J., Olagoke, A.O., and Ogundare, L.F. 2013. Logging impacts in tropical lowland humid forest on tree species diversity and environmental conservation. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 11(3):491-511.

Alba-Mejia, L., Caillaud, D., Montenegro, O.L., Sánchez-Palomino, P., and Crofoot, M.C. 2013. Spatiotemporal interactions among three neighboring groups of free-ranging white-footed tamarins (Saguinus leucopus) in Colombia. Int. J. Primatol. 34(6):1281-1297.

Alonso-Redondo, R., De Paz, E., Alonso-Herrero, E., García-González, M.E., and Alfaro-Saiz, E. 2013. A new method for calculating Risk Tolerance in the assessment of threatened flora. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):414-422.

Ansong, M., and Pickering, C. 2013. Are weeds hitchhiking a ride on your car? A systematic review of seed dispersal on cars. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80275.

Ardura, A., Gomes, V., Linde, A.R., Moreira, J.C., Horreo, J.L., and Garcia-Vazquez, E. 2013. The Meeting of Waters, a possible shelter of evolutionary significant units for Amazonian fish. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1185-1192.

Åström, M., Pettersson, L.B., Öckinger, E., and Hedin, J. 2013. Habitat preferences and conservation of the marbled jewel beetle Poecilonota variolosa (Buprestidae). J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1145-1154.

Atalah, J., Hopkins, G.A., and Forrest, B.M. 2013. Augmentative biocontrol in natural marine habitats: persistence, spread and non-target effects of the sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80365.

Attum, O., Cutshall, C.D., Eberly, K., Day, H., and Tietjen, B. 2013. Is there really no place like home? Movement, site fidelity, and survival probability of translocated and resident turtles. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3185-3195.

Augustyn, W.J., Anderson, B., Stiller, M., and Ellis, A.G. 2013. Specialised host-use and phenophase tracking in restio leafhoppers (Cicadellidae: Cephalelini) in the Cape Floristic Region. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1267-1274.

Austin, J.J., Joseph, L., Pedler, L.P., and Black, A.B. 2013. Uncovering cryptic evolutionary diversity in extant and extinct populations of the southern Australian arid zone Western and Thick-billed Grasswrens (Passeriformes: Maluridae: Amytornis). Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1173-1184.

Autio, O., Salmela, J., and Suhonen, J. 2013. Species richness and rarity of crane flies (Diptera, Tipuloidea) in a boreal mire. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1125-1136.

Ávila, V., Vilas, A., Fernández, J., and Caballero, A. 2013. An experimental assessment of artificial within-family selection for fitness in conservation programs. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1149-1159.

Baird, T.D., and Leslie, P.W. 2013. Conservation as disturbance: Upheaval and livelihood diversification near Tarangire National Park, northern Tanzania. Global Environ. Change 23(5):1131-1141.

Baker, C.S., Hutt, A., Thompson, K., Dalebout, M.L., Robins, J., Brownell, R.L., and Stone, G.S. 2013. Species identity and human consumption of beaked whales in the Gilbert Islands, Republic of Kiribati. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):641-647.

Ballantyne, M., and Pickering, C.M. 2013. Tourism and recreation: a common threat to IUCN red-listed vascular plants in Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3027-3044.

Bancheva, S., and Raimondo, F.M. 2013. A new Centaurea species (Asteraceae) from Mt Sakar, South-eastern Bulgaria. Plant Biosyst. 147(3):800-805.

Barry, S.J., and Fellers, G.M. 2013. History and status of the California red-legged frog (Rana draytonii) in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):456-502.

Bart, J., Platte, R.M., Andres, B., Brown, S., Johnson, J.A., and Larned, W. 2013. Importance of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska for aquatic birds. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1304-1312.

Barton, P.S., Colloff, M.J., Pullen, K.R., and Cunningham, S.A. 2013. Grassland area determines beetle assemblage dissimilarity from surrounding floodplain forest. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1209-1219.

Bellebaum, J., Korner-Nievergelt, F., Dürr, T., and Mammen, U. 2013. Wind turbine fatalities approach a level of concern in a raptor population. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):394-400.

Benevides, C.R., Evans, D.M., and Gaglianone, M.C. 2013. Comparing the structure and robustness of Passifloraceae - floral visitor and true pollinator networks in a lowland Atlantic forest. Sociobiology 60(3):295-305.

Benson, J.F., Mills, K.J., Loveless, K.M., and Patterson, B.R. 2013. Genetic and environmental influences on pup mortality risk for wolves and coyotes within a Canis hybrid zone. Biol. Conserv. 166:133-141.

Bere, T., Phiri, C., Kadye, W.T., and Utete, B. 2013. Benthic diatom assemblages in mountain streams: community structure in relation to environmental and human pressures. Afr. J. Ecol. 51(4):625-634.

Bergman, C.M., Pattison, J., and Price, E. 2013. The Black Oystercatcher as a sentinel species in the recovery of the Northern Abalone: contemporary diet of Black Oystercatchers on Haida Gwaii includes an endangered prey species. Condor 115(4):800-807.

Berkström, C., Lindborg, R., Thyresson, M., and Gullström, M. 2013. Assessing connectivity in a tropical embayment: fish migrations and seascape ecology. Biol. Conserv. 166:43-53.

Bernal, V., and Espadaler, X. 2013. Invasive and socially parasitic ants are good bioindicators of habitat quality in Mediterranean forest remnants in northeast Spain. Ecol. Res. 28(6):1011-1017.

Bertelsmeier, C., Luque, G.M., and Courchamp, F. 2013. Increase in quantity and quality of suitable areas for invasive species as climate changes. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1458-1467.

Beumer, C., and Martens, P. 2013. IUCN and perspectives on biodiversity conservation in a changing world. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3105-3120.

Bilski, D.R., Pie, M.R., and Passos, F.C. 2013. Variable inbreeding effects across life-history stages in a captive carnivorous mammal population. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):633-640.

Birkinshaw, C., Lowry, P.P., Raharimampionona, J., and Aronson, J. 2013. Supporting Target 4 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation by integrating ecological restoration into the Missouri Botanical Garden's conservation program in Madagascar. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):139-146.

Birnbaum, C., and Leishman, M.R. 2013. Plant-soil feedbacks do not explain invasion success of Acacia species in introduced range populations in Australia. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2609-2625.

Blanco, V., and Waltert, M. 2013. Does the tropical agricultural matrix bear potential for primate conservation? A baseline study from Western Uganda. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):383-393.

Bojková, J., and Soldán, T. 2013. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Czech Republic: species checklist, distribution and protection status. Acta Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 53(2):443-484.

Bosu, P.P., Apetorgbor, M.M., Nkrumah, E.E., and Bandoh, K.P. 2013. The impact of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) vent. on community characteristics in the forest and forest-savannah transition ecosystems of Ghana. Afr. J. Ecol. 51(4):528-535.

Boughton, D.A., and Pike, A.S. 2013. Floodplain rehabilitation as a hedge against hydroclimatic uncertainty in a migration corridor of threatened steelhead. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1158-1168.

Bracebridge, C.E., Davenport, T.R.B., Mbofu, V.F., and Marsden, S.J. 2013. Is there a role for human-dominated landscapes in the long-term conservation management of the critically endangered kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji)? Int. J. Primatol. 34(6):1122-1136.

Brachert, T.C., Reuter, M., Krüger, S., Böcker, A., Lohmann, H., Mertz-Kraus, R., and Fassoulas, C. 2013. Density banding in corals: barcodes of past and current climate change. Coral Reefs 32(4):1013-1023.

Brainard, R.E., Weijerman, M., Eakin, C.M., McElhany, P., Miller, M.W., Patterson, M., Piniak, G.A., Dunlap, M.J., and Birkeland, C. 2013. Incorporating climate and ocean change into extinction risk assessments for 82 coral species. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1169-1178.

Brandt, J.S., Wood, E.M., Pidgeon, A.M., Han, L.X., Fang, Z.D., and Radeloff, V.C. 2013. Sacred forests are keystone structures for forest bird conservation in southwest China's Himalayan Mountains. Biol. Conserv. 166:34-42.

Breece, M.W., Oliver, M.J., Cimino, M.A., and Fox, D.A. 2013. Shifting distributions of adult Atlantic sturgeon amidst post-industrialization and future impacts in the Delaware River: a maximum entropy approach. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81321.

Britton, J.R., and Gozlan, R.E. 2013. How many founders for a biological invasion? Predicting introduction outcomes from propagule pressure. Ecology 94(11):2558-2566.

Brunet, J., Zalapa, J.E., Pecori, F., and Santini, A. 2013. Hybridization and introgression between the exotic Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila, and the native Field elm, U. minor, in Italy. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2717-2730.

Bruni, I., Gentili, R., De Mattia, F., Cortis, P., Rossi, G., and Labra, M. 2013. A multi-level analysis to evaluate the extinction risk of and conservation strategy for the aquatic fern Marsilea quadrifolia L. in Europe. Aquat. Bot. 111:35-42.

Buchholz, S., Hannig, K., and Schirmel, J. 2013. Losing uniqueness - shifts in carabid species composition during dry grassland and heathland succession. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):661-670.

Buij, R., Croes, B.M., Gort, G., and Komdeur, J. 2013. The role of breeding range, diet, mobility and body size in associations of raptor communities and land-use in a West African savanna. Biol. Conserv. 166:231-246.

Buldrini, F., Conte, L., Dallai, D., and Ferrari, C. 2013. Genetic diversity of the rare and endangered meadow violet (Viola pumila Chaix) at the southern margin of its range. Plant Biosyst. 147(3):563-572.

Bunnefeld, N., Edwards, C.T.T., Atickem, A., Hailu, F., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2013. Incentivizing monitoring and compliance in trophy hunting. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1344-1354.

Burgos-Hernández, M., Hernández, D., and Castillo-Campos, G. 2013. Genetic diversity and population genetic structure of wild banana Musa ornata (Musaceae) in Mexico. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(10):1899-1910.

Busch, D.S., Greene, C.M., and Good, T.P. 2013. Estimating effects of tidal power projects and climate change on threatened and endangered marine species and their food web. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1190-1200.

Cabrera-Guzmán, E., Crossland, M.R., González-Bernal, E., and Shine, R. 2013. The interacting effects of ungulate hoofprints and predatory native ants on metamorph cane toads in tropical Australia. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79496.

Calvo-Gutiérrez, C.M., Bonilla-Murillo, F., and Sasa, M. 2013. Use and conservation of palm swamps Raphia taedigera (Arecaceae) in the Area de Conservación Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61:163-178.

Campos-Arceiz, A., Koh, L.P., and Primack, R.B. 2013. Are conservation biologists working too hard? Biol. Conserv. 166:186-190.

Cao, Y., Huang, J., Cummings, K.S., and Holtrop, A. 2013. Modeling changes in freshwater mussel diversity in an agriculturally dominated landscape. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1205-1218.

Catlin, J., Campbell, R., Hughes, M., Jones, T., and Jones, R. 2013. Keeping perspective on using tourism values for conservation - reply to Vianna. Biol. Conserv. 166:303.

Cavin, J.S. 2013. Beyond prejudice: conservation in the city. A case study from Switzerland. Biol. Conserv. 166:84-89.

Chauvenet, A.L.M., Ewen, J.G., Armstrong, D., and Pettorelli, N. 2013. Saving the hihi under climate change: a case for assisted colonization. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1330-1340.

Chen, F.Q., Wang, C.H., and Jia, G.M. 2013. Ecology of Salix variegata seed germination: implications for species distribution and conservation in the Three Gorges region. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:243-246.

Chester, E.T., and Robson, B.J. 2013. Anthropogenic refuges for freshwater biodiversity: their ecological characteristics and management. Biol. Conserv. 166:64-75.

Chiari, S., Bardiani, M., Zauli, A., Hardersen, S., Mason, F., Spada, L., and Campanaro, A. 2013. Monitoring of the saproxylic beetle Morimus asper (Sulzer, 1776) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) with freshly cut log piles. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1255-1265.

Ciach, M., and Fröhlich, A. 2013. Habitat preferences of the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus in urban environments: an ambiguous effect of pollution. Bird Study 60(4):491-499.

Cimon-Morin, J., Darveau, M., and Poulin, M. 2013. Fostering synergies between ecosystem services and biodiversity in conservation planning: A review. Biol. Conserv. 166:144-154.

Clear, J.L., Seppä, H., Kuosmanen, N., and Bradshaw, R.H.W. 2013. Holocene fire frequency variability in Vesijako, Strict Nature Reserve, Finland, and its application to conservation and management. Biol. Conserv. 166:90-97.

Clemente, M.A., Lange, D., Dattilo, W., Del-Claro, K., and Prezoto, F. 2013. Social wasp-flower visiting guild interactions in less structurally complex habitats are more susceptible to local extinction. Sociobiology 60(3):337-344.

Clubbe, C. 2013. Building capacity for the achievement of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation in the Caribbean region. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):147-152.

Combs, J.K., Lambert, A.M., and Reichard, S.H. 2013. Predispersal seed predation is higher in a rare species than in its widespread sympatric congeners (Astragalus, Fabaceae). Am. J. Bot. 100(11):2149-2157.

Connette, G.M., and Semlitsch, R.D. 2013. Life history as a predictor of salamander recovery rate from timber harvest in southern Appalachian forests, U.S.A. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1399-1409.

Cook, N., Hubbard, S.F., Karley, A.J., and Russell, J.R. 2013. Genetic diversity and complementary sex determination (CSD) in Dolerus aeneus (Hymenoptera, Symphyta): implications for the conservation of an ecologically-important sawfly. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1125-1133.

Çoraman, E., Furman, A., Karataş, A., and Bilgin, R. 2013. Phylogeographic analysis of Anatolian bats highlights the importance of the region for preserving the Chiropteran mitochondrial genetic diversity in the Western Palaearctic. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1205-1216.

Cornelisse, T. 2013. Conserving extirpated sites: using habitat quality to manage unoccupied patches for metapopulation persistence. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3171-3184.

Cornelisse, T.M., and Duane, T.P. 2013. Effects of knowledge of an endangered species on recreationists' attitudes and stated behaviors and the significance of management compliance for Ohlone tiger beetle conservation. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1449-1457.

Coscia, I., McDevitt, A.D., King, J.J., Roche, W.K., McLoughlin, C., and Mariani, S. 2013. A species-to-be? The genetic status and colonization history of the critically endangered Killarney shad. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 69(3):1190-1195.

Costion, C.M., Hillmann-Kitalong, A., Perlman, S., and Edwards, W. 2013. Palau's rare and threatened palm Ponapea palauensis (Arecaceae): population density, distribution, and threat assessment. Pacific Sci. 67(4):599-607.

Cowan, D.A., Rybicki, E.P., Tuffin, M.I., Valverde, A., and Wingfield, M.J. 2013. Biodiversity: so much more than legs and leaves. S. Afr. J. Sci. 109(11-12):a0037.

Crespo, L.C., Bosmans, R., Cardoso, P., and Borges, P.A.V. 2013. On the endemic spider species of the genus Savigniorrhipis Wunderlich, 1992 (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in the Azores (Portugal), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3745(3):330-342.

Cristescu, R.H., Banks, P.B., Carrick, F.N., and Frère, C. 2013. Potential 'ecological traps' of restored landscapes: koalas Phascolarctos cinereus re-occupy a rehabilitated mine site. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80469.

Crosmary, W.G., Loveridge, A.J., Ndaimani, H., Lebel, S., Booth, V., Côté, S.D., and Fritz, H. 2013. Trophy hunting in Africa: long-term trends in antelope horn size. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):648-660.

Crouch, N.R., Smith, G.F., and Figueiredo, E. 2013. From checklists to an e-flora for southern Africa: past experiences and future prospects for meeting Target 1 of the 2020 Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):153-160.

Cullingham, C.I., and Moehrenschlager, A. 2013. Temporal analysis of genetic structure to assess population dynamics of reintroduced swift foxes. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1389-1398.

Cunningham, H.R., and Rissler, L.J. 2013. Investigating behavioral shifts in aggression between a naturalized and native salamander species of the genus Plethodon. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):276-287.

Curry, P.A., and Yeung, N.W. 2013. Predation on endemic Hawaiian land snails by the invasive snail Oxychilus alliarius. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3165-3169.

De Groot, R.S., Blignaut, J., van der Ploeg, S., Aronson, J., Elmqvist, T., and Farley, J. 2013. Benefits of investing in ecosystem restoration. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1286-1293.

de Jong, C., Field, H., Tagtag, A., Hughes, T., Dechmann, D., Jayme, S., Epstein, J., Smith, C., Santos, I., Catbagan, D., Lim, M., Benigno, C., Daszak, P., and Newman, S. 2013. Foraging behaviour and landscape utilisation by the endangered golden-crowned flying fox (Acerodon jubatus), the Philippines. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79665.

De Knijf, G., Vanappelghem, C., and Demolder, H. 2013. Odonata from Montenegro, with notes on taxonomy, regional diversity and conservation. Odonatologica 42(1):1-29.

Devey, D.S., Forest, F., Rakotonasolo, F., Ma, P., Dentinger, B.T.M., and Buerki, S. 2013. A snapshot of extinction in action: the decline and imminent demise of the endemic Eligmocarpus Capuron (Caesalpinioideae, Leguminosae) serves as an example of the fragility of Madagascan ecosystems. S. Afr. J. Bot. 89:273-280.

Di Stefano, J., McCarthy, M.A., York, A., Duff, T.J., Slingo, J., and Christie, F. 2013. Defining vegetation age class distributions for multispecies conservation in fire-prone landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 166:111-117.

Dietz, M., Pir, J.B., and Hillen, J. 2013. Does the survival of greater horseshoe bats and Geoffroy's bats in Western Europe depend on traditional cultural landscapes? Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3007-3025.

Dincă, V., Runquist, M., Nilsson, M., and Vila, R. 2013. Dispersal, fragmentation, and isolation shape the phylogeography of the European lineages of Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus) ripartii (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 109(4):817-829.

Do, Y., and Joo, G.J. 2013. The effect of fragmentation and intensive management on carabid beetles in coniferous forest. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 11(3):451-461.

Dooley, F.D., Wyllie-Echeverria, S., and Van Volkenburgh, E. 2013. Long-term seed storage and viability of Zostera marina. Aquat. Bot. 111:130-134.

Dornbush, M.E., and Hahn, P.G. 2013. Consumers and establishment limitations contribute more than competitive interactions in sustaining dominance of the exotic herb garlic mustard in a Wisconsin, USA forest. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2691-2706.

Doxa, A., Besnard, A., Bechet, A., Pin, C., Lebreton, J.D., and Sadoul, N. 2013. Inferring dispersal dynamics from local population demographic modelling: the case of the slender-billed gull in France. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):684-693.

Durães, R., Carrasco, L., Smith, T.B., and Karubian, J. 2013. Effects of forest disturbance and habitat loss on avian communities in a Neotropical biodiversity hotspot. Biol. Conserv. 166:203-211.

Durkan, T.H., Yeung, N.W., Meyer, W.M., Hayes, K.A., and Cowie, R.H. 2013. Evaluating the efficacy of land snail survey techniques in Hawaii: implications for conservation throughout the Pacific. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3223-3232.

Enge, K.M., Stevenson, D.J., Elliott, M.J., and Bauder, J.M. 2013. The historical and current distribution of the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):288-307.

Evans, D.M., Goble, D.D., and Scott, J.M. 2013. New priorities as the Endangered Species Act turns 40. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(10):519-519.

Farmer, N.A., and Karnauskas, M. 2013. Spatial distribution and conservation of speckled hind and warsaw grouper in the Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern U. S. PLoS ONE 8(11):e78682.

Ferrazzano, S., and Williamson, P.S. 2013. Benefits of mycorrhizal inoculation in reintroduction of endangered plant species under drought conditions. J. Arid Environ. 98:123-125.

Fitak, R.R., Koprowski, J.L., and Culver, M. 2013. Severe reduction in genetic variation in a montane isolate: the endangered Mount Graham red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis). Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1233-1241.

Freeland, J., Ciotir, C., and Kirk, H. 2013. Regional differences in the abundance of native, introduced, and hybrid Typha spp. in northeastern North America influence wetland invasions. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2651-2665.

Fridgen, C., Finnegan, L., Reaume, C., Cebek, J., Trottier, J., and Wilson, P.J. 2013. Conservation genetics of wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) populations in Ontario, Canada. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):351-358.

Fukuda, S., De Baets, B., Onikura, N., Nakajima, J., Mukai, T., and Mouton, A.M. 2013. Modelling the distribution of the pan-continental invasive fish Pseudorasbora parva based on landscape features in the northern Kyushu Island, Japan. Aquat. Conserv. 23(6):901-910.

Fuller, R.J. 2013. Searching for biodiversity gains through woodfuel and forest management. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1295-1300.

Gajewski, Z., Sitek, E., Stolarczyk, P., Nowak, B., and Kapała, K. 2013. A current status of the population of Primula farinosa L. (Primulaceae) at the only one known site in Poland. Pol. J. Ecol. 61(4):797-804.

Gardner, C.J., Nicoll, M.E., Mbohoahy, T., Oleson, K.L.L., Ratsifandrihamanana, A.N., Ratsirarson, J., Rene de Roland, L.A., Virah-Sawmy, M., Zafindrasilivonona, B., and Davies, Z.G. 2013. Protected areas for conservation and poverty alleviation: experiences from Madagascar. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1289-1294.

Gardner, T.A., Von Hase, A., Brownlie, S., Ekstrom, J.M.M., Pilgrim, J.D., Savy, C.E., Stephens, R.T.T., Treweek, J., Ussher, G.T., Ward, G., and Ten Kate, K. 2013. Biodiversity offsets and the challenge of achieving no net loss. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1254-1264.

Ghabooli, S., Shiganova, T.A., Briski, E., Piraino, S., Fuentes, V., Thibault-Botha, D., Angel, D.L., Cristescu, M.E., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2013. Invasion pathway of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Mediterranean Sea. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81067.

Glen, A.S., Atkinson, R., Campbell, K.J., Hagen, E., Holmes, N.D., Keitt, B.S., Parkes, J.P., Saunders, A., Sawyer, J., and Torres, H. 2013. Eradicating multiple invasive species on inhabited islands: the next big step in island restoration? Biol. Invasions 15(12):2589-2603.

Godley, J.S., and Moler, P.E. 2013. Population declines of eastern indigo snakes (Drymarchon couperi) over three decades in the Gulf Hammock Wildlife Management Area, Florida, USA. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):359-365.

Golawski, A., and Golawska, S. 2013. Are the birds dangerous for insect pollinators? The relationship between hymenopterans and the red-backed shrike. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1155-1160.

Golden, C.D., Wrangham, R.W., and Brashares, J.S. 2013. Assessing the accuracy of interviewed recall for rare, highly seasonal events: the case of wildlife consumption in Madagascar. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):597-603.

Golden, C.D., Wrangham, R.W., and Brashares, J.S. 2013. Practical directions for the use of recall data in conservation science. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):608-609.

González-Pérez, M.Á., Batista, F., and Sosa, P. 2013. Conservation genetics in two endangered endemics from the Canary Islands, Helianthemum gonzalezferreri Marrero (Cistaceae) and Kunkeliella subsucculenta Kämmer (Santalaceae): different life histories that involve different management strategies. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(10):1981-1990.

Gossner, M.M., Getzin, S., Lange, M., Pašalić, E., Türke, M., Wiegand, K., and Weisser, W.W. 2013. The importance of heterogeneity revisited from a multiscale and multitaxa approach. Biol. Conserv. 166:212-220.

Grant, E.H.C., Zipkin, E.F., Nichols, J.D., and Campbell, J.P. 2013. A strategy for monitoring and managing declines in an amphibian community. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1245-1253.

Gregory, R., Arvai, J., and Gerber, L.R. 2013. Structuring decisions for managing threatened and endangered species in a changing climate. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1212-1221.

Grodsky, S.M., Jennelle, C.S., and Drake, D. 2013. Bird mortality at a wind-energy facility near a wetland of international importance. Condor 115(4):700-711.

Grüebler, M.U., Schaller, S., Keil, H., and Naef-Daenzer, B. 2013. The occurrence of cavities in fruit trees: effects of tree age and management on biodiversity in traditional European orchards. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3233-3246.

Grumbine, R.E., and Xu, J.C. 2013. Recalibrating China's environmental policy: the next 10 years. Biol. Conserv. 166:287-292.

Gudmundsson, L.A., Gudjónsson, S., Marteinsdóttir, G., Scarnecchia, D.L., Daníelsdóttir, A.K., and Pampoulie, C. 2013. Spatio-temporal effects of stray hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon Salmo salar on population genetic structure within a 21 km-long Icelandic river system. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1217-1231.

Guerrero-Casado, J., Arenas, R., and Tortosa, F.S. 2013. Modelling the nesting-habitat of the Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus on a fine scale for conservation purposes. Bird Study 60(4):533-538.

Guerrero-Casado, J., Carpio, A.J., Ruiz-Aizpurua, L., and Tortosa, F.S. 2013. Restocking a keystone species in a biodiversity hotspot: recovering the European rabbit on a landscape scale. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):444-448.

Guisan, A., Tingley, R., Baumgartner, J.B., Naujokaitis-Lewis, I., Sutcliffe, P.R., Tulloch, A.I.T., Regan, T.J., Brotons, L., McDonald-Madden, E., Mantyka-Pringle, C., Martin, T.G., Rhodes, J.R., Maggini, R., Setterfield, S.A., Elith, J., Schwartz, M.W., Wintle, B.A., Broennimann, O., Austin, M., Ferrier, S., Kearney, M.R., Possingham, H.P., and Buckley, Y.M. 2013. Predicting species distributions for conservation decisions. Ecol. Lett. 16(12):1424-1435.

Habib, T.J., Farr, D.R., Schneider, R.R., and Boutin, S. 2013. Economic and ecological outcomes of flexible biodiversity offset systems. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1313-1323.

Halpern, B.S., and Fujita, R. 2013. Assumptions, challenges, and future directions in cumulative impact analysis. Ecosphere 4(10):art131.

Harley, R.M. 2013. Notes on the genus Gymneia (Lamiaceae: Ocimeae, Hyptidinae) with two new species from Brazil. Phytotaxa 148(1):57-64.

Hart, L.A., Grieve, G.R.H., and Downs, C.T. 2013. Fruiting phenology and implications of fruit availability in the fragmented Ngele Forest Complex, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:296-305.

Hartel, T., Dorresteijn, I., Klein, C., Máthé, O., Moga, C.I., Öllerer, K., Roellig, M., von Wehrden, H., and Fischer, J. 2013. Wood-pastures in a traditional rural region of Eastern Europe: characteristics, management and status. Biol. Conserv. 166:267-275.

Haukka, A.K., Dreyer, L.L., and Esler, K.J. 2013. Effect of soil type and climatic conditions on the growth and flowering phenology of three Oxalis species in the Western Cape, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:152-163.

Hayhow, D.B., Eaton, M.A., Bladwell, S., Etheridge, B., Ewing, S.R., Ruddock, M., Saunders, R., Sharpe, C., Sim, I.M.W., and Stevenson, A. 2013. The status of the Hen Harrier, Circus cyaneus, in the UK and Isle of Man in 2010. Bird Study 60(4):446-458.

Heard, M.J., Smith, K.F., Ripp, K.J., Berger, M., Chen, J., Dittmeier, J., Goter, M., McGarvey, S.T., and Ryan, E. 2013. The threat of disease increases as species move toward extinction. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1378-1388.

Heelemann, S., Daniels, F., Rebelo, A.G., Poschlod, P., and Reisch, C. 2013. Conservation genetics of Leucadendron argenteum (Silvertree) - a flag ship species of the Cape Peninsula. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:361-366.

Helms, B., Budnick, W., Pecora, P., Skipper, J., Kosnicki, E., Feminella, J., and Stoeckel, J. 2013. The influence of soil type, congeneric cues, and floodplain connectivity on the local distribution of the devil crayfish (Cambarus diogenes Girard). Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1333-1344.

Helms, B., Loughman, Z.J., Brown, B.L., and Stoeckel, J. 2013. Recent advances in crayfish biology, ecology, and conservation. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1273-1275.

Hembry, D.H. 2013. Herbarium specimens reveal putative insect extinction on the deforested island of Mangareva (Gambier Archipelago, French Polynesia). Pacific Sci. 67(4):553-560.

Hickey, J.R., Nackoney, J., Nibbelink, N.P., Blake, S., Bonyenge, A., Coxe, S., Dupain, J., Emetshu, M., Furuichi, T., Grossmann, F., Guislain, P., Hart, J., Hashimoto, C., Ikembelo, B., Ilambu, O., Inogwabini, B.I., Liengola, I., Lokasola, A.L., Lushimba, A., Maisels, F., Masselink, J., Mbenzo, V., Mulavwa, N.M., Naky, P., Ndunda, N.M., Nkumu, P., Omasombo, V., Reinartz, G.E., Rose, R., Sakamaki, T., Strindberg, S., Takemoto, H., Vosper, A., and Kuhl, H.S. 2013. Human proximity and habitat fragmentation are key drivers of the rangewide bonobo distribution. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3085-3104.

Hickman, J.E., and Lerdau, M.T. 2013. Biogeochemical impacts of the northward expansion of kudzu under climate change: the importance of ecological context. Ecosphere 4(10):art121.

Hird, A., and Kramer, A.T. 2013. Achieving Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: lessons learned from the North American Collections Assessment. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):161-166.

Hoban, S., Arntzen, J.W., Bertorelle, G., Bryja, J., Fernandes, M., Frith, K., Gaggiotti, O., Galbusera, P., Godoy, J.A., Hauffe, H.C., Hoelzel, A.R., Nichols, R.A., Pérez-Espona, S., Primmer, C., Russo, I.R.M., Segelbacher, G., Siegismund, H.R., Sihvonen, M., Sjögren-Gulve, P., Vernesi, C., Vilà, C., and Bruford, M.W. 2013. Conservation Genetic Resources for Effective Species Survival (ConGRESS): bridging the divide between conservation research and practice. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):433-437.

Hoehn, M., Dimond, W., Osborne, W., and Sarre, S.D. 2013. Genetic analysis reveals the costs of peri-urban development for the endangered grassland earless dragon. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1269-1278.

Hossack, B.R., Adams, M.J., Pearl, C.A., Wilson, K.W., Bull, E.L., Lohr, K., Patla, D., Pilliod, D.S., Jones, J.M., Wheeler, K.K., McKay, S.P., and Corn, P.S. 2013. Roles of patch characteristics, drought frequency, and restoration in long-term trends of a widespread amphibian. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1410-1420.

Hu, J.H., Jiang, Z.G., and Mallon, D.P. 2013. Metapopulation viability of a globally endangered gazelle on the Northeast Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Biol. Conserv. 166:23-32.

Hu, Y., Magaton, S., Gillespie, G., and Jessop, T.S. 2013. Small reptile community responses to rotational logging. Biol. Conserv. 166:76-83.

Hudewenz, A., and Klein, A.M. 2013. Competition between honey bees and wild bees and the role of nesting resources in a nature reserve. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1275-1283.

Imperio, S., Bionda, R., Viterbi, R., and Provenzale, A. 2013. Climate change and human disturbance can lead to local extinction of alpine rock ptarmigan: new insight from the western Italian Alps. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81598.

Impson, N.D., van Wilgen, B.W., and Weyl, O.L.F. 2013. Coordinated approaches to rehabilitating a river ecosystem invaded by alien plants and fish. S. Afr. J. Sci. 109(11-12):a0041.

Inman, R.M., Brock, B.L., Inman, K.H., Sartorius, S.S., Aber, B.C., Giddings, B., Cain, S.L., Orme, M.L., Fredrick, J.A., Oakleaf, B.J., Alt, K.L., Odell, E., and Chapron, G. 2013. Developing priorities for metapopulation conservation at the landscape scale: wolverines in the Western United States. Biol. Conserv. 166:276-286.

Iwamura, T., Guisan, A., Wilson, K.A., and Possingham, H.P. 2013. How robust are global conservation priorities to climate change? Global Environ. Change 23(5):1277-1284.

Jackson, H., Morgan, B.J.T., and Groombridge, J.J. 2013. How closely do measures of mitochondrial DNA control region diversity reflect recent trajectories of population decline in birds? Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1291-1296.

Jackson, P.W. 2013. Report of the second conference and general meeting of the Global Partnership for Plant Conservation. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):129-138.

Jaryan, V., Datta, A., Uniyal, S.K., Kumar, A., Gupta, R.C., and Singh, R.D. 2013. Modelling potential distribution of Sapium sebiferum - an invasive tree species in western Himalaya. Curr. Sci. 105(9):1282-1288.

Johnston, C.E., Henderson, A.R., and Hartup, W.W. 2013. Precipitous decline and conservation of Slackwater Darter (Etheostoma boschungi) in tributaries of the Tennessee River, Tennessee and Alabama. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3247-3259.

Jorgensen, J.C., McClure, M.M., Sheer, M.B., and Munn, N.L. 2013. Combined effects of climate change and bank stabilization on shallow water habitats of chinook salmon. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1201-1211.

Joshi, A., Vaidyanathan, S., Mondol, S., Edgaonkar, A., and Ramakrishnan, U. 2013. Connectivity of tiger (Panthera tigris) populations in the human-influenced forest mosaic of central India. PLoS ONE 8(11):e77980.

Kajzer-Bonk, J., Nowicki, P., Bonk, M., Skórka, P., Witek, M., and Woyciechowski, M. 2013. Local populations of endangered Maculinea (Phengaris) butterflies are flood resistant. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1105-1112.

Kalarus, K., Skórka, P., Halecki, W., Jirak, A., Kajzer-Bonk, J., and Nowicki, P. 2013. Within-patch mobility and flight morphology reflect resource use and dispersal potential in the dryad butterfly Minois dryas. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1221-1228.

Karanth, K.K., Gopalaswamy, A.M., Prasad, P.K., and Dasgupta, S. 2013. Patterns of human-wildlife conflicts and compensation: insights from Western Ghats protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 166:175-185.

Kareksela, S., Moilanen, A., Tuominen, S., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2013. Use of inverse spatial conservation prioritization to avoid biological diversity loss outside protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1294-1303.

Kats, L.B., Bucciarelli, G., Vandergon, T.L., Honeycutt, R.L., Mattiasen, E., Sanders, A., Riley, S.P.D., Kerby, J.L., and Fisher, R.N. 2013. Effects of natural flooding and manual trapping on the facilitation of invasive crayfish-native amphibian coexistence in a semi-arid perennial stream. J. Arid Environ. 98:109-112.

Keane, A. 2013. Unusual data in conservation science: searching for validation. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):604-605.

Kiani, M.S., Iqbal, P., Siddiqui, P.J.A., and Moazzam, M. 2013. First records of the striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) and rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis) in Pakistani waters: a review of occurrence and conservation status in the Indian Ocean. Pakistan J. Zool. 45(4):1113-1123.

Kiehn, M., and Benítez-Díaz, H. 2013. International trade in endangered plant species in the context of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):167-171.

Koch, A., Ziegler, T., Böhme, W., Arida, E., and Auliya, M. 2013. Pressing problems: distribution, threats, and conservation status of the monitor lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8:1-62.

Kooyman, R.M., Zanne, A.E., Gallagher, R.V., Cornwell, W., Rossetto, M., O'Connor, P., Parkes, E.A., Catterall, C.F., Laffan, S.W., and Lusk, C.H. 2013. Effects of growth form and functional traits on response of woody plants to clearing and fragmentation of subtropical rainforest. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1468-1477.

Koyuncu, O., Yaylaci, Ö.K., Özgişi, K., Sezer, O., and Öztürk, D. 2013. A new Onosma (Boraginaceae) species from Central Anatolia, Turkey. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(10):1839-1847.

Kramer, A.T., Zorn-Arnold, B., and Havens, K. 2013. Applying lessons from the U.S. botanical capacity assessment project to achieve 2020 Global Strategy for Plant Conservation targets. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):172-179.

Kreutzweiser, D., Beall, F., Webster, K., Thompson, D., and Creed, I. 2013. Impacts and prognosis of natural resource development on aquatic biodiversity in Canada's boreal zone. Environ. Rev. 21(4):227-259.

Krupnick, G.A., McCormick, M.K., Mirenda, T., and Whigham, D.F. 2013. The status and future of orchid conservation in North America. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):180-198.

Kumar, S., and Mathur, M. 2014. Impact of invasion by Prosopis juliflora on plant communities in arid grazing lands. Trop. Ecol. 55(1):33-46.

Kyle, C.H., Plantz, A.L., Shelton, T., and Burks, R.L. 2013. Count your eggs before they invade: identifying and quantifying egg clutches of two invasive apple snail species (Pomacea). PLoS ONE 8(10):e77736.

Larcombe, M.J., Silva, J.S., Vaillancourt, R.E., and Potts, B.M. 2013. Assessing the invasive potential of Eucalyptus globulus in Australia: quantification of wildling establishment from plantations. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2763-2781.

Latif, Q.S., Saab, V.A., Dudley, J.G., and Hollenbeck, J.P. 2013. Ensemble modeling to predict habitat suitability for a large-scale disturbance specialist. Ecol. Evol. 3(13):4348-4364.

Lee, S.L., Chua, L.S.L., Ng, K.K.S., Hamidah, M., Lee, C.T., Ng, C.H., Tnah, L.H., and Hong, L.T. 2013. Conservation management of rare and predominantly selfing tropical trees: an example using Hopea bilitonensis (Dipterocarpaceae). Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):2989-3006.

Levin, I., Zwiers, P., Deem, S.L., Geest, E.A., Higashiguchi, J.M., Iezhova, T.A., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Kim, D.H., Morton, J.P., Perlut, N.G., Renfrew, R.B., Sari, E.H.R., Valkiunas, G., and Parker, P.G. 2013. Multiple lineages of avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium) in the Galapagos Islands and evidence for arrival via migratory birds. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1366-1377.

Li, C.L., Jiang, Z.G., Fang, H.X., and Li, C.W. 2013. A spatially explicit model of functional connectivity for the endangered Przewalski's gazelle (Procapra przewalskii) in a patchy landscape. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80065.

Li, J., Yin, H., Wang, D.J., Jiagong, Z.L., and Lu, Z. 2013. Human-snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau. Biol. Conserv. 166:118-123.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Piggott, M.P., and Wintle, B.A. 2013. Counting the books while the library burns: why conservation monitoring programs need a plan for action. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(10):549-555.

Linke, J., McDermid, G.J., Fortin, M.J., and Stenhouse, G.B. 2013. Relationships between grizzly bears and human disturbances in a rapidly changing multi-use forest landscape. Biol. Conserv. 166:54-63.

Liu, S.Y.V., Chan, C.L.C., Lin, O., Hu, C.S., and Chen, C.A. 2013. DNA barcoding of shark meats identify species composition and CITES-listed species from the markets in Taiwan. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79373.

Lorenz, S., and Pusch, M.T. 2013. Filtration activity of invasive mussel species under wave disturbance conditions. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2681-2690.

Loughman, Z.J., Skalican, K.T., and Taylor, N.D. 2013. Habitat selection and movement of Cambarus chasmodactylus (Decapoda: Cambaridae) assessed via radio telemetry. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1288-1297.

Lu, X.M., Siemann, E., Shao, X., Wei, H., and Ding, J.Q. 2013. Climate warming affects biological invasions by shifting interactions of plants and herbivores. Global Change Biol. 19(8):2339-2347.

Lukoschek, V., Beger, M., Ceccarelli, D., Richards, Z., and Pratchett, M. 2013. Enigmatic declines of Australia's sea snakes from a biodiversity hotspot. Biol. Conserv. 166:191-202.

Maccherini, S., Santi, E., Bonini, I., Amici, V., Pruscini, S., Palazzo, D., and Selva, F.C. 2013. The impact of land abandonment on the plant diversity of olive groves. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3067-3083.

Maceda-Veiga, A., Escribano-Alacid, J., de Sostoa, A., and García-Berthou, E. 2013. The aquarium trade as a potential source of fish introductions in southwestern Europe. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2707-2716.

Machida, Y., and Akiyama, Y.B. 2013. Impacts of invasive crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) on endangered freshwater pearl mussels (Margaritifera laevis and M. togakushiensis) in Japan. Hydrobiologia 720(1):145-151.

Madeira, P.T., Center, T.D., Coetzee, J.A., Pemberton, R.W., Purcell, M.F., and Hill, M.P. 2013. Identity and origins of introduced and native Azolla species in Florida. Aquat. Bot. 111:9-15.

Mager, K.H., Colson, K.E., and Hundertmark, K.J. 2013. High genetic connectivity and introgression from domestic reindeer characterize northern Alaska caribou herds. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1111-1123.

Magnusson, M., Bergsten, A., Ecke, F., Bodin, Ö., Bodin, L., and Hörnfeldt, B. 2013. Predicting grey-sided vole occurrence in northern Sweden at multiple spatial scales. Ecol. Evol. 3(13):4365-4376.

Makino, A., Klein, C.J., Beger, M., Jupiter, S.D., and Possingham, H.P. 2013. Incorporating conservation zone effectiveness for protecting biodiversity in marine planning. PLoS ONE 8(11):e78986.

Mallegowda, P. 2013. Interdisciplinary research: way forward for biodiversity conservation. Curr. Sci. 105(9):1202-1203.

Marcer, A., Sáez, L., Molowny-Horas, R., Pons, X., and Pino, J. 2013. Using species distribution modelling to disentangle realised versus potential distributions for rare species conservation. Biol. Conserv. 166:221-230.

Marino, J., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Gottelli, D., Johnson, P.J., and Macdonald, D.W. 2013. The fall and rise of Ethiopian wolves: lessons for conservation of long-lived, social predators. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):621-632.

Marsh-Matthews, E., Thompson, J., Matthews, W.J., Geheber, A., Franssen, N.R., and Barkstedt, J. 2013. Differential survival of two minnow species under experimental sunfish predation: implications for re-invasion of a species into its native range. Freshwater Biol. 58(8):1745-1754.

Marshall, M.E., Morrison, M.L., and Wilkins, R.N. 2013. Tree species composition and food availability affect productivity of an endangered species: the Golden-Cheeked Warbler. Condor 115(4):882-892.

Mascia, F., Fenu, G., Angius, R., and Bacchetta, G. 2013. Arundo micrantha, a new reed species for Italy, threatened in the freshwater habitat by the congeneric invasive A. donax. Plant Biosyst. 147(3):717-729.

Matesanz, S., and Sultan, S.E. 2013. High-performance genotypes in an introduced plant: insights to future invasiveness. Ecology 94(11):2464-2474.

McClure, M.M., Alexander, M., Borggaard, D., Boughton, D., Crozier, L., Griffis, R., Jorgensen, J.C., Lindley, S.T., Nye, J., Rowland, M.J., Seney, E.E., Snover, A., Toole, C., and Van Houtan, K. 2013. Incorporating climate science in applications of the U.S. Endangered Species Act for aquatic species. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1222-1233.

McCreless, E., Visconti, P., Carwardine, J., Wilcox, C., and Smith, R.J. 2013. Cheap and nasty? The potential perils of using management costs to identify global conservation priorities. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80893.

McCune, J.L., Harrower, W.L., Avery-Gomm, S., Brogan, J.M., Csergő, A.M., Davidson, L.N.K., Garani, A., Halpin, L.R., Lipsen, L.P.J., Lee, C., Nelson, J.C., Prugh, L.R., Stinson, C.M., Whitney, C.K., and Whitton, J. 2013. Threats to Canadian species at risk: an analysis of finalized recovery strategies. Biol. Conserv. 166:254-265.

McCune, J.L., Pellatt, M.G., and Vellend, M. 2013. Multidisciplinary synthesis of long-term human-ecosystem interactions: a perspective from the Garry oak ecosystem of British Columbia. Biol. Conserv. 166:293-300.

McHale, M.R., Bunn, D.N., Pickett, S.T.A., and Twine, W. 2013. Urban ecology in a developing world: why advanced socioecological theory needs Africa. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(10):556-564.

McHugh, A., Bierzychudek, P., Greever, C., Marzulla, T., Van Buskirk, R., and Binford, G. 2013. A molecular phylogenetic analysis of Speyeria and its implications for the management of the threatened Speyeria zerene hippolyta. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1237-1253.

Medina, N.G., Lara, F., Mazimpaka, V., and Hortal, J. 2013. Designing bryophyte surveys for an optimal coverage of diversity gradients. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3121-3139.

Meyerson, L.A., and Cronin, J.T. 2013. Evidence for multiple introductions of Phragmites australis to North America: detection of a new non-native haplotype. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2605-2608.

Miller, J.S., Krupnick, G.A., Stevens, H., Porter-Morgan, H., Boom, B., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Ackerman, J., Kolterman, D., Santiago, E., Torres, C., and Velez, J. 2013. Toward Target 2 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: an expert analysis of the Puerto Rican flora to validate new streamlined methods for assessing conservation status. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):199-205.

Mimura, M., Ono, K., Goka, K., and Hara, T. 2013. Standing variation boosted by multiple sources of introduction contributes to the success of the introduced species, Lotus corniculatus. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2743-2754.

Mokotjomela, T.M., and Hoffmann, J.H. 2013. Removal of post-dispersed seeds in Acacia cyclops thickets under biological control in South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:260-264.

Molina-Martínez, A., León-Cortés, J.L., and Regan, H.M. 2013. Climatic and geometric constraints as driving factors of butterfly species richness along a Neotropical elevational gradient. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1169-1180.

Monti, F., Nibani, H., Dominici, J.M., Idrissi, H.R., Thevenet, M., Beaubrun, P.C., and Duriez, O. 2013. The vulnerable Osprey breeding population of the Al Hoceima National Park, Morocco: present status and threats. Ostrich 84(3):199-204.

Moore, M.J., DiStefano, R.J., and Larson, E.R. 2013. An assessment of life-history studies for USA and Canadian crayfishes: identifying biases and knowledge gaps to improve conservation and management. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1276-1287.

Morais, A.R., Siqueira, M.N., Lemes, P., Maciel, N.M., De Marco, P., and Brito, D. 2013. Unraveling the conservation status of Data Deficient species. Biol. Conserv. 166:98-102.

Morales, C.L., Arbetman, M.P., Cameron, S.A., and Aizen, M.A. 2013. Rapid ecological replacement of a native bumble bee by invasive species. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(10):529-534.

Morcatty, T.Q., El Bizri, H.R., Carneiro, H.C.S., Biasizzo, R.L., Alméri, C.R.D., da Silva, E.S., Rodrigues, F.H.G., and Figueira, J.E.C. 2013. Habitat loss and mammalian extinction patterns: are the reserves in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, southeastern Brazil, effective in conserving mammals? Ecol. Res. 28(6):935-947.

Moura, M., Silva, L., and Caujapé-Castells, J. 2013. Population genetics in the conservation of the Azorean shrub Viburnum treleasei Gand. Plant Syst. Evol. 299(10):1809-1817.

Munzinger, J., Lowry, P.P., Callmander, M.W., and Buerki, S. 2013. A taxonomic revision of the endemic New Caledonian genus Podonephelium Baill. (Sapindaceae). Syst. Bot. 38(4):1105-1124.

Nackley, L.L., Lieu, V.H., Garcia, B.B., Richardson, J.J., Isaac, E., Spies, K., Rigdon, S., and Schwartz, D.T. 2013. Bioenergy that supports ecological restoration. Front. Ecol. Environ. 11(10):535-540.

Nakao, K., Higa, M., Tsuyama, I., Matsui, T., Horikawa, M., and Tanaka, N. 2013. Spatial conservation planning under climate change: using species distribution modeling to assess priority for adaptive management of Fagus crenata in Japan. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):406-413.

Newing, H., and St John, F.A.V. 2013. Wildlife consumption and recall accuracy - but is it recall of hunting, of cooking or of eating? Anim. Conserv. 16(6):606-607.

Nuno, A., Bunnefeld, N., Naiman, L.C., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2013. A novel approach to assessing the prevalence and drivers of illegal bushmeat hunting in the Serengeti. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1355-1365.

Nyadoi, P., Okori, P., Okullo, J.B.L., Obua, J., Fluch, S., Burg, K., and Jamnadass, R. 2014. Tamarindus indica L. patterns of diversity from the genetic to the niche-species level in East Africa. Trop. Ecol. 55(1):19-32.

Ollivier, L., and Foulley, J.L. 2013. A note on the partitioning of allelic diversity. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1285-1290.

Onaindia, M., Ametzaga-Arregi, I., Sebastián, M.S., Mitxelena, A., Rodríguez-Loinaz, G., Peña, L., and Alday, J.G. 2013. Can understorey native woodland plant species regenerate under exotic pine plantations using natural succession? Forest Ecol. Manag. 308:136-144.

Opermanis, O., MacSharry, B., Evans, D., and Sipkova, Z. 2013. Is the connectivity of the Natura 2000 network better across internal or external administrative borders? Biol. Conserv. 166:170-174.

Ozersky, T., Barton, D.R., Hecky, R.E., and Guildford, S.J. 2013. Dreissenid mussels enhance nutrient efflux, periphyton quantity and production in the shallow littoral zone of a large lake. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2799-2810.

Paaijmans, K.P., Heinig, R.L., Seliga, R.A., Blanford, J.I., Blanford, S., Murdock, C.C., and Thomas, M.B. 2013. Temperature variation makes ectotherms more sensitive to climate change. Global Change Biol. 19(8):2373-2380.

Pârvulescu, L., Zaharia, C., Satmari, A., and Drăguţ, L. 2013. Is the distribution pattern of the stone crayfish in the Carpathians related to karstic refugia from Pleistocene glaciations? Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1410-1419.

Paton, A.J. 2013. From working list to online flora of all known plants—looking forward with hindsight. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):206-213.

Pekin, B.K. 2013. Effect of widespread agricultural chemical use on butterfly diversity across Turkish provinces. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1439-1448.

Pence, V.C. 2013. In vitro methods and the challenge of exceptional species for Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):214-220.

Perissinotto, R., and Orozco, J. 2013. Eudicella trimeni Janson, 1884 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae: Goliathini): Description of larva with notes on conservation status, biology and taxonomy. Afr. Invertebr. 54(2):417-426.

Pike, D.A., and Mitchell, J.C. 2013. Burrow-dwelling ecosystem engineers provide thermal refugia throughout the landscape. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):694-703.

Pinsky, M.L., Guannel, G., and Arkema, K.K. 2013. Quantifying wave attenuation to inform coastal habitat conservation. Ecosphere 4(8):art95.

Piper, R.W., and Compton, S.G. 2013. How limited is dispersal in the rare beetle, Cryptocephalus decemmaculatus (Chrysomelidae, Cryptocephalinae)? J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1229-1235.

Ponnikas, S., Kvist, L., Ollila, T., Stjernberg, T., and Orell, M. 2013. Genetic structure of an endangered raptor at individual and population levels. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1135-1147.

Pooley, S. 2013. Historians are from Venus, ecologists are from Mars. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1481-1483.

Popescu, V.D., Rozylowicz, L., Cogălniceanu, D., Niculae, I.M., and Cucu, A.L. 2013. Moving into protected areas? Setting conservation priorities for Romanian reptiles and amphibians at risk from climate change. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79330.

Pressey, R.L., Mills, M., Weeks, R., and Day, J.C. 2013. The plan of the day: managing the dynamic transition from regional conservation designs to local conservation actions. Biol. Conserv. 166:155-169.

Prinz, K., Weising, K., and Hensen, I. 2013. Habitat fragmentation and recent bottlenecks influence genetic diversity and differentiation of the Central European halophyte Suaeda maritima (Chenopodiaceae). Am. J. Bot. 100(11):2210-2218.

Qian, X., Wang, C.X., and Tian, M. 2013. Genetic diversity and population differentiation of Calanthe tsoongiana, a rare and endemic orchid in China. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14(10):20399-20413.

Rabasa, S.G., Granda, E., Benavides, R., Kunstler, G., Espelta, J.M., Ogaya, R., Peñuelas, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Gil, W., Grodzki, W., Ambrozy, S., Bergh, J., Hódar, J.A., Zamora, R., and Valladares, F. 2013. Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming. Global Change Biol. 19(8):2490-2499.

Ragionieri, L., Cutuli, G., Sposimo, P., Spano, G., Navone, A., Capizzi, D., Baccetti, N., Vannini, M., and Fratini, S. 2013. Establishing the eradication unit of Molara Island: a case of study from Sardinia, Italy. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2731-2742.

Raimondo, D.C., von Staden, L., and Donaldson, J.S. 2013. Lessons from the conservation assessment of the South African megaflora. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):221-230.

Ramachandran, V.S., Swarupanandan, K., and Sanjappa, M. 2014. Status and distribution of Humboldtia bourdillonii (Leguminosae), an endangered tree species of the Western Ghats, India. Trop. Ecol. 55(1):85-91.

Ramage, B.S., Marshalek, E.C., Kitzes, J., and Potts, M.D. 2013. Conserving tropical biodiversity via strategic spatiotemporal harvest planning. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1301-1310.

Reece, J.S., Noss, R.F., Oetting, J., Hoctor, T., and Volk, M. 2013. A vulnerability assessment of 300 species in Florida: threats from sea level rise, land use, and climate change. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80658.

Regnery, B., Couvet, D., and Kerbiriou, C. 2013. Offsets and conservation of the species of the EU Habitats and Birds Directives. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1335-1343.

Reid, T.A., Tuck, G.N., Hindell, M.A., Thalmann, S., Phillips, R.A., and Wilcox, C. 2013. Nonbreeding distribution of flesh-footed shearwaters and the for overlap with north Pacific fisheries. Biol. Conserv. 166:3-10.

Richards, Z.T., Miller, D.J., and Wallace, C.C. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics of geographically restricted Acropora species: implications for threatened species conservation. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 69(3):837-851.

Richter, A., Osborne, W., Hnatiuk, S., and Rowell, A. 2013. Moths in fragments: insights into the biology and ecology of the Australian endangered golden sun moth Synemon plana (Lepidoptera: Castniidae) in natural temperate and exotic grassland remnants. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1093-1104.

Richter, R., Berger, U.E., Dullinger, S., Essl, F., Leitner, M., Smith, M., and Vogl, G. 2013. Spread of invasive ragweed: climate change, management and how to reduce allergy costs. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1422-1430.

Rigueira, D.M.G., da Rocha, P.L.B., and Mariano-Neto, E. 2013. Forest cover, extinction thresholds and time lags in woody plants (Myrtaceae) in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: resources for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3141-3163.

Rinella, M.J. 2013. Assessing invasiveness of exotic weeds outside their current invasive range. Invas. Plant Sci. Manage. 6(4):545-553.

Ritchie, E.G., Bradshaw, C.J.A., Dickman, C.R., Hobbs, R., Johnson, C.N., Johnston, E.L., Laurance, W.F., Lindenmayer, D., McCarthy, M.A., Nimmo, D.G., Possingham, H.H., Pressey, R.L., Watson, D.M., and Woinarski, J. 2013. Continental-scale governance and the hastening of loss of Australia's biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1133-1135.

Roberts, D.L. 2013. Refuge-effect hypothesis and the demise of the dodo. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1478-1480.

Robinson, N.M., Leonard, S.W.J., Ritchie, E.G., Bassett, M., Chia, E.K., Buckingham, S., Gibb, H., Bennett, A.F., and Clarke, M.F. 2013. Refuges for fauna in fire-prone landscapes: their ecological function and importance. J. Appl. Ecol. 50(6):1321-1329.

Rocha-Ortega, M., and Favila, M.E. 2013. The recovery of ground ant diversity in secondary Lacandon tropical forests. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1161-1167.

Rodda, M., Juhonewe, N.S., and Ercole, E. 2013. Hoya corymbosa (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), a new unusual species from Sabah, Borneo, and its systematic position based on phylogenetic analysis. Syst. Bot. 38(4):1125-1131.

Rodger, J.G., and Johnson, S.D. 2013. Self-pollination and inbreeding depression in Acacia dealbata: can selfing promote invasion in trees? S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:252-259.

Rodríguez-Soto, C., Monroy-Vilchis, O., and Zarco-González, M.M. 2013. Corridors for jaguar (Panthera onca) in Mexico: conservation strategies. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):438-443.

Rollins, L.A., Moles, A.T., Lam, S., Buitenwerf, R., Buswell, J.M., Brandenburger, C.R., Flores-Moreno, H., Nielsen, K.B., Couchman, E., Brown, G.S., Thomson, F.J., Hemmings, F., Frankham, R., and Sherwin, W.B. 2013. High genetic diversity is not essential for successful introduction. Ecol. Evol. 3(13):4501-4517.

Rosado, J.L.O., de Gonçalves, M.G., Dröse, W., Silva, E.J.E.E., Krüger, R.F., and Loeck, A.E. 2013. Effect of climatic variables and vine crops on the epigeic ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Campanha region, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1113-1123.

Rossetti, M.R., Salvo, A., Videla, M., and Valladares, G. 2013. Forest remnants contribute to parasitoid conservation: experimental evaluation of parasitism on a leafminer host. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1137-1144.

Rout, T.M., McDonald-Madden, E., Martin, T.G., Mitchell, N.J., Possingham, H.P., and Armstrong, D.P. 2013. How to decide whether to move species threatened by climate change. PLoS ONE 8(10):e75814.

Ruddock, K., August, P.V., Damon, C., LaBash, C., Rubinoff, P., and Robadue, D. 2013. Conservation in the context of climate change: practical guidelines for land protection at local scales. PLoS ONE 8(11):e80874.

Ruwanza, S., Gaertner, M., Esler, K.J., and Richardson, D.M. 2013. The effectiveness of active and passive restoration on recovery of indigenous vegetation in riparian zones in the Western Cape, South Africa: a preliminary assessment. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:132-141.

Ryan, K.A., Lintermans, M., Ebner, B.C., and Norris, R. 2013. Using fine-scale overlap in predator-prey distribution to assess avian predation risk to a reservoir population of threatened Macquarie Perch. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1057-1072.

Saenz, D., Fucik, E.M., and Kwiatkowski, M.A. 2013. Synergistic effects of the invasive Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) and climate change on aquatic amphibian survival. Ecol. Evol. 3(14):4828-4840.

Salafsky, N., and Redford, K.H. 2013. Defining the burden of proof in conservation. Biol. Conserv. 166:247-253.

Sanchez-Cuervo, A.M., and Aide, T.M. 2013. Identifying hotspots of deforestation and reforestation in Colombia (2001-2010): implications for protected areas. Ecosphere 4(11):art143.

Sandbrook, C., Adams, W.M., Büscher, B., and Vira, B. 2013. Social research and biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1487-1490.

Saunders, M.I., Leon, J., Phinn, S.R., Callaghan, D.P., O'Brien, K.R., Roelfsema, C.M., Lovelock, C.E., Lyons, M.B., and Mumby, P.J. 2013. Coastal retreat and improved water quality mitigate losses of seagrass from sea level rise. Global Change Biol. 19(8):2569-2583.

Sawyer, J. 2013. A network approach to plant conservation in New Zealand. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):231-235.

Schulte, U., Veith, M., Mingo, V., Modica, C., and Hochkirch, A. 2013. Strong genetic differentiation due to multiple founder events during a recent range expansion of an introduced wall lizard population. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2639-2649.

Segniagbeto, G.H., Petrozzi, F., Aidam, A., and Luiselli, L. 2013. Reptiles traded in the fetish market of Lome, Togo (West Africa). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):400-408.

Selman, W., Kreiser, B., and Qualls, C. 2013. Conservation genetics of the yellow-blotched sawback Graptemys flavimaculata (Testudines: Emydidae). Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1193-1203.

Seney, E.E., Rowland, M.J., Lowery, R.A., Griffis, R.B., and McClure, M.M. 2013. Climate change, marine environments, and the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1138-1146.

Serjeant, A.F., and Beebee, T.J.C. 2013. Identification of Dytiscus larvae by cytochrome oxidase I (COI) partial sequencing. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1191-1196.

Serrano-Sandí, J., Bonilla-Murillo, F., and Sasa, M. 2013. Distribution, surface and protected area of palm-swamps in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61:25-33.

Shahzad, U., Khan, M.A., Jaskani, M.J., Khan, I.A., and Korban, S.S. 2013. Genetic diversity and population structure of Moringa oleifera. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1161-1172.

Shi, J.M., Ma, K.M., Wang, J.F., Zhang, Y.X., and Zhao, J.Z. 2013. Determinants of plant species richness in different wetland types along a hydrological gradient: implications for conservation. Pol. J. Ecol. 61(4):645-654.

Shih, H.T., Komai, T., and Liu, M.Y. 2013. A new species of fiddler crab from the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan, separated from the widely-distributed sister species Uca (Paraleptuca) crassipes (White, 1847) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Ocypodidae). Zootaxa 3746(1):175-193.

Skaala, Ø., Johnsen, G.H., Lo, H., Borgstrøm, R., Wennevik, V., Hansen, M.M., Merz, J.E., Glover, K.A., and Barlaup, B.T. 2014. A conservation plan for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a region with intensive industrial use of aquatic habitats, the Hardangerfjord, western Norway. Mar. Biol. Res. 10(3):308-322.

Snover, A.K., Mantua, N.J., Littell, J.S., Alexander, M.A., McClure, M.M., and Nye, J. 2013. Choosing and using climate-change scenarios for ecological-impact assessments and conservation decisions. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1147-1157.

Soares, M.L., Mayo, S.J., and Gribel, R. 2013. A preliminary taxonomic revision of Heteropsis (Araceae). Syst. Bot. 38(4):925-974.

Sousa, R., Amorim, Â., Sobral, C., Froufe, E., Varandas, S., Teixeira, A., and Lopes-Lima, M. 2013. Ecological status of a Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758) population at the southern edge of its distribution (River Paiva, Portugal). Environ. Manage. 52(5):1230-1238.

Stanley, D.A., Gunning, D., and Stout, J.C. 2013. Pollinators and pollination of oilseed rape crops (Brassica napus L.) in Ireland: ecological and economic incentives for pollinator conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1181-1189.

Stephens, J.P., Berven, K.A., and Tiegs, S.D. 2013. Anthropogenic changes to leaf litter input affect the fitness of a larval amphibian. Freshwater Biol. 58(8):1631-1646.

Stevens, J.L., and Olson, J.B. 2013. Invasive lionfish harbor a different external bacterial community than native Bahamian fishes. Coral Reefs 32(4):1113-1121.

Steyn, H.M., Bester, S.P., and Bezuidenhout, H. 2013. An updated plant checklist for Tankwa Karoo National Park, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:247-251.

Stone, E.L., Jones, G., and Harris, S. 2013. Mitigating the effect of development on bats in England with derogation licensing. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1324-1334.

Stone, R.D., and Ntetha, N.A. 2013. Warneckea parvifolia (Melastomataceae-Olisbeoideae), a new "sand-forest" endemic from northeastern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and southernmost Mozambique, and a phylogenetic analysis of eastern and southern African representatives of W. section Warneckea. S. Afr. J. Bot. 88:317-325.

Sung, Y.H., Karraker, N.E., and Hau, B.C.H. 2013. Demographic evidence of illegal harvesting of an endangered Asian turtle. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1421-1428.

Suzuki, F.M., Zambaldi, L.P., and Pompeu, P.S. 2013. Mapping the critical habitats for migratory species of the upper Grande River region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 11(4):645-659.

Szabó, P., and Hédl, R. 2013. Grappling with interdisciplinary research: response to Pooley. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1484-1486.

Taylor, B.M., and Mills, J.S. 2013. Movement and spawning migration patterns suggest small marine reserves can offer adequate protection for exploited emperorfishes. Coral Reefs 32(4):1077-1087.

Testo, W.L., and Watkins, J.E. 2013. Understanding mechanisms of rarity in pteridophytes: competition and climate change threaten the rare fern Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum (Aspleniaceae). Am. J. Bot. 100(11):2261-2270.

Thomas, C.L., and Taylor, C.A. 2013. Scavenger or predator? Examining a potential predator-prey relationship between crayfish and benthic fish in stream food webs. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1309-1317.

Thorne, J.H., Seo, C., Basabose, A., Gray, M., Belfiore, N.M., and Hijmans, R.J. 2013. Alternative biological assumptions strongly influence models of climate change effects on mountain gorillas. Ecosphere 4(9):art108.

Trainor, A.M., Walters, J.R., Urban, D.L., and Moody, A. 2013. Evaluating the effectiveness of a Safe Harbor Program for connecting wildlife populations. Anim. Conserv. 16(6):610-620.

Trotter, R.T., Morin, R.S., Oswalt, S.N., and Liebhold, A. 2013. Changes in the regional abundance of hemlock associated with the invasion of hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand). Biol. Invasions 15(12):2667-2679.

Tsianou, M.A., Mazaris, A.D., Kallimanis, A.S., Deligioridi, P.S.K., Apostolopoulou, E., and Pantis, J.D. 2013. Identifying the criteria underlying the political decision for the prioritization of the Greek Natura 2000 conservation network. Biol. Conserv. 166:103-110.

Twardochleb, L.A., Olden, J.D., and Larson, E.R. 2013. A global meta-analysis of the ecological impacts of nonnative crayfish. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1367-1382.

Unger, S.D., Sutton, T.M., and Williams, R.N. 2013. Projected population persistence of eastern hellbenders (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) using a stage-structured life-history model and population viability analysis. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):423-432.

Usio, N., Imada, M., Nakagawa, M., Akasaka, M., and Takamura, N. 2013. Effects of pond draining on biodiversity and water quality of farm ponds. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1429-1438.

Valle, M., van Katwijk, M.M., de Jong, D.J., Bouma, T.J., Schipper, A.M., Chust, G., Benito, B.M., Garmendia, J.M., and Borja, Á. 2013. Comparing the performance of species distribution models of Zostera marina: implications for conservation. J. Sea Res. 83:56-64.

van Asselen, S., Verburg, P.H., Vermaat, J.E., and Janse, J.H. 2013. Drivers of wetland conversion: a global meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81292.

Van Nuland, M.E., Haag, E.N., Bryant, J.A.M., Read, Q.D., Klein, R.N., Douglas, M.J., Gorman, C.E., Greenwell, T.D., Busby, M.W., Collins, J., LeRoy, J.T., Schuchmann, G., Schweitzer, J.A., and Bailey, J.K. 2013. Fire promotes pollinator visitation: implications for ameliorating declines of pollination services. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79853.

Vandewege, M.W., Swannack, T.M., Greuter, K.L., Brown, D.J., and Forstner, M.R.J. 2013. Breeding site fidelity and terrestrial movement of an endangered amphibian, the Houston toad (Bufo houstonensis). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(2):435-446.

Veiga, P., Rubal, M., Cacabelos, E., Moreira, J., and Sousa-Pinto, I. 2013. Abundance and fragmentation patterns of the ecosystem engineer Lithophyllum byssoides (Lamarck) Foslie along the Iberian Peninsula Atlantic coast. Conservation and management implications. J. Sea Res. 83:40-46.

Vianna, G.M.S., Meekan, M.G., Pannell, D.J., Marsh, S.P., and Meeuwig, J.J. 2013. Valuing individual animals through tourism: science or speculation? - Reply to Catlin et al. (2013). Biol. Conserv. 166:301-302.

Vieilledent, G., Cornu, C., Sanchez, A.C., Pock-Tsy, J.M.L., and Danthu, P. 2013. Vulnerability of baobab species to climate change and effectiveness of the protected area network in Madagascar: towards new conservation priorities. Biol. Conserv. 166:11-22.

Vieira, M.C., Cianciaruso, M.V., and Almeida-Neto, M. 2013. Plant-pollinator coextinctions and the loss of plant functional and phylogenetic diversity. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81242.

Wakelin, J., Wilson, A.L., and Downs, C.T. 2013. Ground cavity nest temperatures and their relevance to Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea conservation. Ostrich 84(3):221-226.

Wallace, J.M., and Prather, T.S. 2013. Comparative demography of an exotic herbaceous annual among plant communities in invaded canyon grassland: inferences for habitat suitability and population spread. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2783-2797.

Walters, A.W., Bartz, K.K., and McClure, M.M. 2013. Interactive effects of water diversion and climate change for juvenile chinook salmon in the Lemhi River Basin (U.S.A.). Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1179-1189.

Walters, J.R., and Reynolds, M.H. 2013. Experimental reintroduction reveals novel life-history variation in Laysan ducks (Anas laysanensis). Auk 130(4):573-579.

Wang, S.H., Wang, J., Li, M.B., Du, F., Yang, Y.M., Lassoie, J.P., and Hassan, M.Z. 2013. Six decades of changes in vascular hydrophyte and fish species in three plateau lakes in Yunnan, China. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3197-3221.

Wang, Z.F., Ren, H., Li, Z.C., Zhang, Q.M., Liang, K.M., Ye, W.H., and Wang, Z.M. 2013. Local genetic structure in the critically endangered, cave-associated perennial herb Primulina tabacum (Gesneriaceae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 109(4):747-756.

Waples, R.S. 2013. Incorporating climate change into risk analyses under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1137-1137.

Ward, D.F., and Ramón-Laca, A. 2013. Molecular identification of the prey range of the invasive Asian paper wasp. Ecol. Evol. 3(13):4408-4414.

Wasowicz, P., Przedpelska-Wasowicz, E.M., and Kristinsson, H. 2013. Alien vascular plants in Iceland: diversity, spatial patterns, temporal trends, and the impact of climate change. Flora 208(10-12):648-673.

Watari, Y., Nishijima, S., Fukasawa, M., Yamada, F., Abe, S., and Miyashita, T. 2013. Evaluating the "recovery level" of endangered species without prior information before alien invasion. Ecol. Evol. 3(14):4711-4721.

Weber, D.S., De Groot, P.J.V., Peacock, E., Schrenzel, M.D., Perez, D.A., Thomas, S., Shelton, J.M., Else, C.K., Darby, L.L., Acosta, L., Harris, C., Youngblood, J., Boag, P., and Desalle, R. 2013. Low MHC variation in the polar bear: implications in the face of Arctic warming? Anim. Conserv. 16(6):671-683.

Weeks, A.R., van Rooyen, A., Mitrovski, P., Heinze, D., Winnard, A., and Miller, A.D. 2013. A species in decline: genetic diversity and conservation of the Victorian eastern barred bandicoot, Perameles gunnii. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1243-1254.

Weeks, R., and Jupiter, S.D. 2013. Adaptive comanagement of a marine protected area network in Fiji. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1234-1244.

Wei, Y.G., Monro, A.K., and Wang, W.T. 2013. Additions to the Flora of China: three new species of Elatostema (Urticaceae) from Guangxi. Phytotaxa 147(1):1-12.

Weigel, D.E., Connolly, P.J., and Powell, M.S. 2013. The impact of small irrigation diversion dams on the recent migration rates of steelhead and redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1255-1267.

Weking, S., Hermann, G., and Fartmann, T. 2013. Effects of mire type, land use and climate on a strongly declining wetland butterfly. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1081-1091.

Welford, M., and Barilla, A. 2013. Is neotropical conservation sold-short: diminishing returns for birding suggest ecolodges could encourage longer stays. J. Nature Conserv. 21(6):401-405.

Wen, C.K.C., Almany, G.R., Williamson, D.H., Pratchett, M.S., Mannering, T.D., Evans, R.D., Leis, J.M., Srinivasan, M., and Jones, G.P. 2013. Recruitment hotspots boost the effectiveness of no-take marine reserves. Biol. Conserv. 166:124-131.

Wennerström, L., Laikre, L., Ryman, N., Utter, F.M., Ab Ghani, N.I., André, C., DeFaveri, J., Johansson, D., Kautsky, L., Merilä, J., Mikhailova, N., Pereyra, R., Sandström, A., Teacher, A.G.F., Wenne, R., Vasemägi, A., Zbawicka, M., Johannesson, K., and Primmer, C.R. 2013. Genetic biodiversity in the Baltic Sea: species-specific patterns challenge management. Biodivers. Conserv. 22(13-14):3045-3065.

Westhoff, J.T., and Rabeni, C.F. 2013. Resource selection and space use of a native and an invasive crayfish: evidence for competitive exclusion? Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1383-1397.

Weyer, J., and Schmitt, T. 2013. Knowing the way home: strong philopatry of a highly mobile insect species, Brenthis ino. J. Insect Conserv. 17(6):1197-1208.

White, P.J.C., Warren, P., and Baines, D. 2013. Forest expansion in Scotland and its potential effects on black grouse Tetrao tetrix conservation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 308:145-152.

White, P.S. 2013. Derivation of the extrinsic values of biological diversity from its intrinsic value and of both from the first principles of evolution. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1279-1285.

Wichman, C., and Clark, M. 2013. Toward the implementation of Global Strategy for Plant Conservation Targets 1 to 3 in Hawai‘i. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 99(2):236-243.

Winandy, L., and Denoël, M. 2013. Introduced goldfish affect amphibians through inhibition of sexual behaviour in risky habitats: an experimental approach. PLoS ONE 8(11):e82736.

Wing, S.R., and Jack, L. 2013. Marine reserve networks conserve biodiversity by stabilizing communities and maintaining food web structure. Ecosphere 4(11):art135.

Wisniewski, J.M., Rankin, N.M., Weiler, D.A., Strickland, B.A., and Chandler, H.C. 2013. Occupancy and detection of benthic macroinvertebrates: a case study of unionids in the lower Flint River, Georgia, USA. Freshwater Sci. 32(4):1122-1135.

Wolf, A.J., Hellgren, E.C., Bogosian, V., and Moody, R.W. 2013. Effects of habitat disturbance on Texas horned lizards: an urban case study. Herpetologica 69(3):265-281.

Wu, T.Y., Walther, B.A., Chen, Y.H., Lin, R.S., and Lee, P.F. 2013. Hotspot analysis of Taiwanese breeding birds to determine gaps in the protected area network. Zool. Stud. 52:29.

Wu, Z., Guo, Q., Li, M.G., Jiang, L., Li, F.L., Zan, Q.J., and Zheng, J. 2013. Factors restraining parasitism of the invasive vine Mikania micrantha by the holoparasitic plant Cuscuta campestris. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2755-2762.

Xiao, S., Ni, G.Y., and Callaway, R.M. 2013. Models of experimentally derived competitive effects predict biogeographical differences in the abundance of invasive and native plant species. PLoS ONE 8(11):e78625.

Yin, L.Y., Zhang, R.F., Xie, Z.M., Wang, C.Y., and Li, W. 2013. The effect of temperature, substrate, light, oxygen availability and burial depth on Ottelia alismoides seed germination. Aquat. Bot. 111:50-53.

Young, L.C., VanderWerf, E.A., Lohr, M.T., Miller, C.J., Titmus, A.J., Peters, D., and Wilson, L. 2013. Multi-species predator eradication within a predator-proof fence at Ka'ena Point, Hawai'i. Biol. Invasions 15(12):2627-2638.

Yuan, L.H., Hu, C.Q., Zhang, L.P., and Xia, J.J. 2013. Population genetics of a tropical sea cucumber species (Stichopus monotuberculatus) in China. Conserv. Genet. 14(6):1279-1284.

Zeigler, S.L., Che-Castaldo, J.P., and Neel, M.C. 2013. Actual and potential use of population viability analyses in recovery of plant species listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 27(6):1265-1278.

Zhang, J.J., Xing, C., Tian, H., and Yao, X.H. 2013. Microsatellite genetic variation in the Chinese endemic Eucommia ulmoides (Eucommiaceae): implications for conservation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 173(4):775-785.

Zhao, Q., Azeria, E.T., Le Blanc, M.L., Lemaître, J., and Fortin, D. 2013. Landscape-scale disturbances modified bird community dynamics in successional forest environment. PLoS ONE 8(11):e81358.

**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]