Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 352
April 2014

[PDF Print Version]

In This Issue

Ancient Algal 'Tree Rings' Show Dramatic Decline in Arctic and Sub-Arctic Sea Ice

Adapted from

An ancient new player has entered the debate over global warming and it is pink.

Labrador fishermen call them "red rocks" because underwater they resemble odd-shaped pastry topped with thick pink frosting. The color is the living algae Clathromorphum compactum and the hard rocklike material on which it sits are layers of calcified crusts the algae deposit year after year. They grow in shallow water (49 to 55 feet deep) and are widely distributed in the Arctic and sub-Arctic Oceans.

Now, scientists from the University of Toronto, the Smithsonian Institution and other research organizations have discovered how to use these crusty layers to track changes in Arctic sea ice over centuries, says Jochen Halfar, an associate professor in the University of Toronto's Department of Chemical and Physical Sciences. Halfar is co-author of a paper printed in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reporting that this newly tapped 'archive' shows a dramatic decrease in ice cover during the last 150 years.

Each year C. compactum can lay down a crust one-tenth to two-tenths of a millimeter thick. "They grow very slowly so if you get a specimen that is 8 or 9 inches thick you are talking about something that is well over 1,000 years old," explains co-author Walter Adey, algae expert at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History. When viewed under a scanning electron microscope the layers offer an archive of the levels of sea ice in the Subarctic dating back centuries.

When cut and analyzed for its element composition, algal growth layers reveal pronounced chemical differences. Green indicates high amounts of magnesium that are incorporated into the calcite mineral structure during warm summer months, whereas blue reflects low amounts of magnesium characteristic of low temperatures. Circular spongy features are reproductive structures embedded in the algal skeleton. Scale is 1mm from top to bottom, 7 years of growth are shown. Image courtesy of Andreas Kronz.

When cut and analyzed for its element composition, algal growth layers reveal pronounced chemical differences. Green indicates high amounts of magnesium that are incorporated into the calcite mineral structure during warm summer months, whereas blue reflects low amounts of magnesium characteristic of low temperatures. Circular spongy features are reproductive structures embedded in the algal skeleton. Scale is 1mm from top to bottom, 7 years of growth are shown. Image courtesy of Andreas Kronz.

The algae's growth rates depend on the temperature of the water and the amount of light they receive. As snow-covered sea ice accumulates on the water over the algae, it turns the sea floor dark and cold, stopping the plants' growth. When the sea ice melts in the warm months, the algae resume growing their calcified crusts. This continuous cycle of dormancy and growth results in visible layers that can be used to determine the length of time the algae were able to grow each year during the ice-free season.

During several research cruises led by Adey divers retrieved specimens of C. compactum rocks for study from near-freezing seawater in the sub-Arctic. The more than 5,000 red rock samples Adey has collected are part of a growing climate archive housed at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.

"It's the same principle as using rings to determine a tree's age and the levels of precipitation," Halfar says. "In addition to ring counting, we used radiocarbon dating to confirm the age of the algal layers."

After cutting and polishing the algae, Halfar took thousands of microscope images of each sample. The images were combined to give a complete overview of the fist-sized specimens.

"In addition these algae have what is called a high-magnesium calcite skeleton," Adey explains. "Basically, the higher the water temperature the more magnesium it lets into its skeleton. Magnesium levels are a precise record of temperature that can be read sometimes down to a week." Measuring the magnesium levels found in each growth layer is an additional method the scientists used to corroborate the growth periods indicated by the layer thickness.

Clathromorphum compactum red rock in Labrador. These crusts are commonly 100 years old, and under the right conditions can reach ages of more than 1,000 years. (Photo courtesy Walter Adey)

Clathromorphum compactum red rock in Labrador. These crusts are commonly 100 years old, and under the right conditions can reach ages of more than 1,000 years. (Photo courtesy Walter Adey)

During the Little Ice Age, a period of global cooling that lasted from the mid-1500s to the mid-1800s, the algae's annual growth increments were as narrow as 30 microns due to the extensive sea-ice cover, Halfar says. However, since 1850, the thickness of the algae's growth increments have more than doubled, bearing witness to an unprecedented decline in sea ice cover that has accelerated in recent decades.

These coralline algae represent not only a new method for climate reconstruction, but are vital to extending knowledge of the climate record back in time to permit more accurate modeling of future climate change, Halfar says. "In the north, there is nothing in the shallow oceans that tells us about climate, water temperature or sea ice coverage on an annual basis. These algae, which live over a thousand years, can now provide us with that information."


Current Literature

Abbett, R., Waldt, E.M., Johnson, J.H., McKenna, J.E., and Dittman, D.E. 2013. Interactions between invasive round gobies (Neogobius melanostomus) and fantail darters (Etheostoma flabellare) in a tributary of the St. Lawrence River, New York, USA. J. Freshwater Ecol. 28(4):529-537.

Abell, J., Kirzinger, M.W.B., Gordon, Y., Kirk, J., Kokes, R., Lynas, K., Mandinyenya, B., and Youldon, D. 2013. A social network analysis of social cohesion in a constructed pride: implications for ex situ reintroduction of the African lion (Panthera leo). PLoS ONE 8(12):e82541.

Abella, S.R., and Tendick, A. 2013. Distribution of exotic plant species and relationship to vegetation type at Bryce Canyon National Park, USA. Landscape Urban Plan. 120:48-58.

Adhikari, B., Pendry, C.A., Watson, M.F., and Wood, J.R.I. 2013. An account of Thunbergia (Acanthaceae) in Nepal, with a description of the new species T. nepalensis. Kew Bull. 68(4):651-661.

Aguiar, F.C.F., and Ferreira, M.T. 2013. Plant invasions in the rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, south-western Europe: a review. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1107-1119.

Aguirre-Acosta, N., Palacio-Mejía, J.D., Barrios-Leal, D.J., and Botero-Echeverry, J.E. 2013. Diversity and genetic structure of the monotypic genus Colombobalanus (Fagaceae) in southeast of Colombian Andeans. Caldasia 35(1):123-133.

Allendorf, T.D., and Yang, J. 2013. The role of ecosystem services in park-people relationships: the case of Gaoligongshan Nature Reserve in southwest China. Biol. Conserv. 167:187-193.

Alvarado-Quesada, I., Hein, L., and Weikard, H.P. 2014. Market-based mechanisms for biodiversity conservation: a review of existing schemes and an outline for a global mechanism. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):1-21.

Alves, S.D., Bolzan, A.M.R., do Santos, T.G., Gressler, D.T., and Cechin, S.Z. 2013. Rediscovery, distribution extension and defensive behaviour of Xenodon histricus (Squamata: Serpentes) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Salamandra 49(4):219-222.

Andres, J.A., Thampy, P.R., Mathieson, M.T., Loye, J., Zalucki, M.P., Dingle, H., and Carroll, S.P. 2013. Hybridization and adaptation to introduced balloon vines in an Australian soapberry bug. Mol. Ecol. 22(24):6116-6130.

Andriolo, A., Piovezan, U., da Costa, M.J.R.P., Torres, H.A., Vogliotti, A., Zerbini, A.N., and Duarte, J.M.B. 2013. Severe population decline of marsh deer, Blastocerus dichotomus (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae), a threatened species, caused by flooding related to a hydroelectric power plant. Zoologia 30(6):630-638.

Apgaua, D.M.G., dos Santos, R.M., Pereira, D.G.S., Menino, G.C.D., Pires, G.G., Fontes, M.A.L., and Tng, D.Y.P. 2014. Beta-diversity in seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF) in the Caatinga Biogeographic Domain, Brazil, and its implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):217-232.

Arana, M.D., Ponce, M., Morrone, J.J., and Oggero, A.J. 2013. Biogeographical patterns of the ferns from Cordoba Hills (Argentina) and their implications in conservation. Gayana Bot. 70(2):357-376.

Aranha, J.L.M., Fritsch, P.W., Almeda, F., and Martins, A.B. 2013. Three new species of Symplocos sect. Hopea (Symplocaceae) from Brazil. Kew Bull. 68(4):625-633.

Arendt, M.D., Schwenter, J.A., Witherington, B.E., Meylan, A.B., and Saba, V.S. 2013. Historical versus contemporary climate forcing on the annual nesting variability of loggerhead sea turtles in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81097.

Armenteras, D., Cabrera, E., Rodríguez, N., and Retana, J. 2013. National and regional determinants of tropical deforestation in Colombia. Reg. Environ. Change 13(6):1181-1193.

Armstrong, D.P., and Ewen, J.G. 2013. Consistency, continuity and creativity: long-term studies of population dynamics on Tiritiri Matangi Island. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):288-297.

Arthur, R., Kelkar, N., Alcoverro, T., and Madhusudan, M.D. 2013. Complex ecological pathways underlie perceptions of conflict between green turtles and fishers in the Lakshadweep Islands. Biol. Conserv. 167:25-34.

Asmyhr, M.G., Hose, G., Graham, P., and Stow, A.J. 2014. Fine-scale genetics of subterranean syncarids. Freshwater Biol. 59(1):1-11.

Atkinson, C.L. 2013. Razor-backed musk turtle (Sternotherus carinatus) diet across a gradient of invasion. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):561-570.

Attorre, F., Fortunato, C., and Martellos, S. 2013. Botanical information in the Italian Biodiversity Network: one year of data aggregation and future perspectives. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1101-1103.

Bagella, S., Caria, M.C., and Filigheddu, R. 2013. Gap analysis revealed a low efficiency of Natura 2000 network for the conservation of endemic species in Mediterranean temporary freshwater habitats. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1092-1094.

Baker, A.M., Mutton, T.Y., and Hines, H.B. 2013. A new dasyurid marsupial from Kroombit Tops, south-east Queensland, Australia: the Silver-headed Antechinus, Antechinus argentus sp. nov. (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae). Zootaxa 3746(2):201-239.

Baker, P.J., Thomson, A., Vatnick, I., and Wood, R.C. 2013. Estimating survival times for northern diamondback terrapins, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin, in submerged crab pots. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):667-680.

Baker, S.E., Cain, R., van Kesteren, F., Zommers, Z.A., D'Cruze, N., and Macdonald, D.W. 2013. Rough trade: animal welfare in the global wildlife trade. BioScience 63(12):928-938.

Baling, M., van Winkel, D., Rixon, M., Ruffell, J., Ji, W.H., and Ussher, G. 2013. A review of reptile research and conservation management on Tiritiri Matangi Island, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):272-281.

Bambach, N., Meza, F.J., Gilabert, H., and Miranda, M. 2013. Impacts of climate change on the distribution of species and communities in the Chilean Mediterranean ecosystem. Reg. Environ. Change 13(6):1245-1257.

Barley, S., and Walker, R.C.J. 2013. Population density and seasonal detection rates of a unique population of critically endangered northern Madagascar spider tortoise (Pyxis arachnoides brygooi). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):616-621.

Baruch-Mordo, S., Evans, J.S., Severson, J.P., Naugle, D.E., Maestas, J.D., Kiesecker, J.M., Falkowski, M.J., Hagen, C.A., and Reese, K.P. 2013. Saving sage-grouse from the trees: a proactive solution to reducing a key threat to a candidate species. Biol. Conserv. 167:233-241.

Bashir, T., Bhattacharya, T., Poudyal, K., Roy, M., and Sathyakumar, S. 2014. Precarious status of the Endangered dhole Cuon alpinus in the high elevation Eastern Himalayan habitats of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim, India. Oryx 48(1):125-132.

Batista, M.C.G., Gouveia, S.F., Silvano, D.L., and Rangel, T.F. 2013. Spatially explicit analyses highlight idiosyncrasies: species extinctions and the loss of evolutionary history. Divers. Distrib. 19(12):1543-1552.

Baumel, A., Youssef, S., Ongamo, G., and Médail, F. 2013. Habitat suitability assessment of the rare perennial plant Armeria arenaria (Pers.) Schult. (Plumbaginaceae) along the French Mediterranean coastline. Candollea 68(2):221-228.

Beale, C.M., van Rensberg, S., Bond, W.J., Coughenour, M., Fynn, R., Gaylard, A., Grant, R., Harris, B., Jones, T., Mduma, S., Owen-Smith, N., and Sinclair, A.R.E. 2013. Ten lessons for the conservation of African savannah ecosystems. Biol. Conserv. 167:224-232.

Beckley, A.C., and Gramling, J.M. 2013. Description and classification of Lindera melissifolia habitat in the southeastern coastal plain. Castanea 78(4):277-289.

Beirne, C., Burdekin, O., and Whitworth, A. 2013. Herpetofaunal responses to anthropogenic habitat change within a small forest reserve in Eastern Ecuador. Herp. J. 23(4):209-219.

Bellard, C., Thuiller, W., Leroy, B., Genovesi, P., Bakkenes, M., and Courchamp, F. 2013. Will climate change promote future invasions? Global Change Biol. 19(12):3740-3748.

Bellio, M., and Kingsford, R.T. 2013. Alteration of wetland hydrology in coastal lagoons: implications for shorebird conservation and wetland restoration at a Ramsar site in Sri Lanka. Biol. Conserv. 167:57-68.

Benitez, V.V., Chavez, S.A., Gozzi, A.C., Messetta, M.L., and Guichón, M.L. 2013. Invasion status of Asiatic red-bellied squirrels in Argentina. Mamm. Biol. 78(3):164-170.

Bergerot, B., Hugueny, B., and Belliard, J. 2013. When local extinction and colonization of river fishes can be predicted by regional occupancy: the role of spatial scales. PLoS ONE 8(12):e84138.

Bertelsmeier, C., Luque, G.M., and Courchamp, F. 2013. The impact of climate change changes over time. Biol. Conserv. 167:107-115.

Bhattarai, B.P., and Kindlmann, P. 2013. Effect of human disturbance on the prey of tiger in the Chitwan National Park - implications for park management. J. Environ. Manage. 131:343-350.

Bi, K., Linderoth, T., Vanderpool, D., Good, J.M., Nielsen, R., and Moritz, C. 2013. Unlocking the vault: next-generation museum population genomics. Mol. Ecol. 22(24):6018-6032.

Birkeland, C., Miller, M.W., Piniak, G.A., Eakin, C.M., Weijerman, M., McElhany, P., Dunlap, M., and Brainard, R.E. 2013. Safety in numbers? Abundance may not safeguard corals from increasing carbon dioxide. BioScience 63(12):967-974.

Bishop, C.A., and Brogan, J.M. 2013. Estimates of avian mortality attributed to vehicle collisions in Canada. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):2.

Björklund, H., Valkama, J., Saurola, P., and Laaksonen, T. 2013. Evaluation of artificial nests as a conservation tool for three forest-dwelling raptors. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):546-555.

Blaber, S.J.M. 2013. Fishes and fisheries in tropical estuaries: the last 10 years. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 135:57-65.

Blackham, G.V., Thomas, A., Webb, E.L., and Corlett, R.T. 2013. Seed rain into a degraded tropical peatland in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biol. Conserv. 167:215-223.

Boissière, M., Bastide, F., Basuki, I., Pfund, J.L., and Boucard, A. 2014. Can we make participatory NTFP monitoring work? Lessons learnt from the development of a multi-stakeholder system in Northern Laos. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):149-170.

Borah, J., Sharma, T., Das, D., Rabha, N., Kakati, N., Basumatary, A., Ahmed, M.F., and Vattakaven, J. 2014. Abundance and density estimates for common leopard Panthera pardus and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Oryx 48(1):149-155.

Brambach, F., Nooteboom, H.P., and Culmsee, H. 2013. Magnolia sulawesiana described, and a key to the species of Magnolia (Magnoliaceae) occurring in Sulawesi. Blumea 58(3):271-276.

Brauer, C.J., Unmack, P.J., Hammer, M.P., Adams, M., and Beheregaray, L.B. 2013. Catchment-scale conservation units identified for the threatened Yarra pygmy perch (Nannoperca obscura) in highly modified river systems. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82953.

Brill, G.C., and Raemaekers, S.J.P.N. 2013. A decade of illegal fishing in Table Mountain National Park (2000-2009): trends in the illicit harvest of abalone Haliotis midae and West Coast rock lobster Jasus lalandii. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 35(4):491-500.

Brundu, G., Azzella, M.M., Blasi, C., Camarda, I., Iberite, M., and Celesti-Grapow, L. 2013. The silent invasion of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. in Italy. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1120-1127.

Buchanan, G.M., Fishpool, L.D.C., Evans, M.I., and Butchart, S.H.M. 2013. Comparing field-based monitoring and remote-sensing, using deforestation from logging at Important Bird Areas as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 167:334-338.

Burghardt, K.T., and Tallamy, D.W. 2013. Plant origin asymmetrically impacts feeding guilds and life stages driving community structure of herbivorous arthropods. Divers. Distrib. 19(12):1553-1565.

Caldarella, O., La Rosa, A., Cusimano, D., Romano, S., and Gianguzzi, L. 2013. Distribution, ecology and conservation survey on Trifolium michelianum Savi (Fabaceae) in Sicily (Italy). Plant Biosyst. 147(4):979-990.

Calle, Z., Henao-Gallego, N., Giraldo, C., and Armbrecht, I. 2013. A comparison of vegetation and ground-dwelling ants in abandoned and restored gullies and landslide surfaces in the western Colombian Andes. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):729-735.

Callmander, M.W., Bolliger, R., Hanitrarivo, R.M., and Nusbaumer, L. 2013. Pandanus tsingycola Callm. & Nusb. (Pandanaceae), a new species endemic to western Madagascar. Candollea 68(2):229-235.

Callmander, M.W., Phillipson, P.B., Deroin, T., and Gautier, L. 2013. Notes on the flora of Madagascar, 30-34. Candollea 68(2):301-320.

Calvert, A.M., Bishop, C.A., Elliot, R.D., Krebs, E.A., Kydd, T.M., Machtans, C.S., and Robertson, G.J. 2013. A synthesis of human-related avian mortality in Canada. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):11.

Campomizzi, A.J., Mathewson, H.A., Morrison, M.L., Lituma, C.M., Conkling, T.J., Cocimano, M.C., Farrell, S.L., Wilkins, R.N., and Butcher, J.A. 2013. Understanding nest success and brood parasitism in the endangered Black-capped Vireo: comparisons with two sympatric songbirds. Wilson J. Ornithol. 125(4):709-719.

Campos-Navarrete, M.J., Parra-Tabla, V., Ramos-Zapata, J., Díaz-Castelazo, C., and Reyes-Novelo, E. 2013. Structure of plant-Hymenoptera networks in two coastal shrub sites in Mexico. Arthropod-Plant Interact. 7(6):607-617.

Canhos, D.A.L., Sousa-Baena, M.S., Souza, S., Garcia, L.C., De Giovanni, R., Maia, L.C., and Bonacelli, M.B.M. 2014. Lacunas: a web interface to identify plant knowledge gaps to support informed decision-making. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):109-131.

Caño, L., García-Magro, D., and Herrera, M. 2013. Phenology of the dioecious shrub Baccharis halimifolia along a salinity gradient: consequences for the invasion of Atlantic subhalophilous communities. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1128-1138.

Capers, R.S., Kimball, K.D., McFarland, K.P., Jones, M.T., Lloyd, A.H., Munroe, J.S., Fortin, G., Mattrick, C., Goren, J., Sperduto, D.D., and Paradis, R. 2013. Establishing alpine research priorities in northeastern North America. Northeastern Nat. 20(4):559-577.

Carreira, B.M., Dias, M.P., and Rebelo, R. 2014. How consumption and fragmentation of macrophytes by the invasive crayfish Procambarus clarkii shape the macrophyte communities of temporary ponds. Hydrobiologia 721(1):89-98.

Carrillo-Reyes, P., Sahagún-Godínez, E., and Ibarra-Manríquez, G. 2013. The genus Disciphania (Menispermaceae: Tinosporoideae, Tinosporeae) in Mexico. Brittonia 65(4):439-451.

Carrión-Cortez, J., Canales-Cerro, C., Arauz, R., and Riosmena-Rodríguez, R. 2013. Habitat use and diet of juvenile eastern Pacific hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the north Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(2):235-245.

Carvalho, E.A.R., and Batista, V.B.G.V. 2013. Distribution and abundance of Caiman latirostris and Paleosuchus palpebrosus at Grande Serao Veredas National Park, Central Brazil. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):771-777.

Carver, S., Tricker, J., and Landres, P. 2013. Keeping it wild: Mapping wilderness character in the United States. J. Environ. Manage. 131:239-255.

Casado, S. 2013. The importance of being listed: birds, lists and the history of conservation. Ardeola 60(2):397-401.

Casas-Marce, M., Soriano, L., López-Bao, J.V., and Godoy, J.A. 2013. Genetics at the verge of extinction: insights from the Iberian lynx. Mol. Ecol. 22(22):5503-5515.

Casse, T., and Milhøj, A. 2013. While waiting for the answer: a critical review of meta-studies of tropical forest management. J. Environ. Manage. 131:334-342.

Castañeda-Noa, I. 2013. Coccoloba berazainae and C. cristalensis (Polygonaceae) from Cuba, a new species and a new combination. Willdenowia 43(2):319-323.

Castells, E., Morante, M., Blanco-Moreno, J.M., Sans, F.X., Vilatersana, R., and Blasco-Moreno, A. 2013. Reduced seed predation after invasion supports enemy release in a broad biogeographical survey. Oecologia 173(4):1397-1409.

Celesti-Grapow, L., Capotorti, G., Del Vico, E., Lattanzi, E., Tilia, A., and Blasi, C. 2013. The vascular flora of Rome. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1059-1087.

Cerwenka, A.F., Alibert, P., Brandner, J., Geist, J., and Schliewen, U.K. 2014. Phenotypic differentiation of Ponto-Caspian gobies during a contemporary invasion of the upper Danube River. Hydrobiologia 721(1):269-284.

Chamberlain, D.E., Negro, M., Caprio, E., and Rolando, A. 2013. Assessing the sensitivity of alpine birds to potential future changes in habitat and climate to inform management strategies. Biol. Conserv. 167:127-135.

Chang, Z.F., Yang, B.H., Vigilant, L., Liu, Z.J., Ren, B.P., Yang, J.Y., Xiang, Z.F., Garber, P.A., and Li, M. 2014. Evidence of male-biased dispersal in the endangered Sichuan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithexus roxellana). Am. J. Primatol. 76(1):72-83.

Cheek, M., Arcate, J., Choung, H.S., Herian, K., Corcoran, M., and Horwath, A. 2013. Three new or resurrected species of Leptonychia (Sterculiaceae- Byttneriaceae-Malvaceae) from West-Central Africa. Kew Bull. 68(4):579-590.

Cheek, M., and Jebb, M. 2013. The Nepenthes micramphora (Nepenthaceae) group, with two new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Phytotaxa 151(1):25-34.

Cheek, M., and Jebb, M. 2013. Nepenthes ultra (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. Blumea 58(3):241-244.

Chemoiwa, E.J., Abila, R., Macdonald, A., Lamb, J., Njenga, E., and Barasa, J.E. 2013. Genetic diversity and population structure of the endangered ripon barbel, Barbus altianalis (Boulenger, 1900) in Lake Victoria catchment, Kenya based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29(6):1225-1233.

Chişamera, G., Bužan, E.V., Sahlean, T., Murariu, D., Zupan, S., and Kryštufek, B. 2014. Bukovina blind mole rat Spalax graecus revisited: phylogenetics, morphology, taxonomy, habitat associations and conservation. Mammal Rev. 44(1):19-29.

Chollett, I., and Mumby, P.J. 2013. Reefs of last resort: locating and assessing thermal refugia in the wider Caribbean. Biol. Conserv. 167:179-186.

Christie, K., Stokes, V.L., Craig, M.D., and Hobbs, R.J. 2013. Microhabitat preference of Egernia napoleonis in undisturbed Jarrah forest, and availability and introduction of microhabitats to encourage colonization of restored forest. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):722-728.

Chynoweth, M.W., Litton, C.M., Lepczyk, C.A., Hess, S.C., and Cordell, S. 2013. Biology and impacts of Pacific Island invasive species. 9. Capra hircus, the feral goat (Mammalia: Bovidae). Pacific Sci. 67(2):141-156.

Cianfrani, C., Maiorano, L., Loy, A., Kranz, A., Lehmann, A., Maggini, R., and Guisan, A. 2013. There and back again? Combining habitat suitability modelling and connectivity analyses to assess a potential return of the otter to Switzerland. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):584-594.

Cibrian-Jaramillo, A., Hird, A., Oleas, N., Ma, H., Meerow, A.W., Francisco-Ortega, J., and Griffith, M.P. 2013. What is the conservation value of a plant in a botanic garden? Using indicators to improve management of ex situ collections. Bot. Rev. 79(4):559-577.

Cilliers, D., Evans, S., Coetzee, H., and van Rensburg, L. 2013. Developing a site selection tool to assist reintroduction efforts for the Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri. Ostrich 84(2):101-111.

Clark, J.R. 2013. The Endangered Species Act at 40: opportunities for improvements. BioScience 63(12):924-925.

Coleman, M.A., Palmer-Brodie, A., and Kelaher, B.P. 2013. Conservation benefits of a network of marine reserves and partially protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 167:257-264.

Collinge, S.K., Ray, C., and Marty, J.T. 2013. A long-term comparison of hydrology and plant community composition in constructed versus naturally occurring vernal pools. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):704-712.

Conde, D.A., Colchero, F., Gusset, M., Pearce-Kelly, P., Byers, O., Flesness, N., Browne, R.K., and Jones, O.R. 2013. Zoos through the lens of the IUCN Red List: a global metapopulation approach to support conservation breeding programs. PLoS ONE 8(12):e80311.

Conti, L., Schmidt-Kloiber, A., Grenouillet, G., and Graf, W. 2014. A trait-based approach to assess the vulnerability of European aquatic insects to climate change. Hydrobiologia 721(1):297-315.

Cook, T.C., and Blumstein, D.T. 2013. The omnivore's dilemma: diet explains variation in vulnerability to vehicle collision mortality. Biol. Conserv. 167:310-315.

Correa-Metrio, A., Bush, M., Lozano-García, S., and Sosa-Nájera, S. 2013. Millennial-scale temperature change velocity in the continental northern neotropics. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81958.

Côrtes, M.C., Uriarte, M., Lemes, M.R., Gribel, R., Kress, W.J., Smouse, P.E., and Bruna, E.M. 2013. Low plant density enhances gene dispersal in the Amazonian understory herb Heliconia acuminata. Mol. Ecol. 22(22):5716-5729.

Couce, E., Ridgwell, A., and Hendy, E.J. 2013. Future habitat suitability for coral reef ecosystems under global warming and ocean acidification. Global Change Biol. 19(12):3592-3606.

Coulton, D.W., Virgl, J.A., and English, C. 2013. Falcon nest occupancy and hatch success near two diamond mines in the southern Arctic, Northwest Territories. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):14.

Cozzuol, M.A., Clozato, C.L., Holanda, E.C., Rodrigues, F.H.G., Nienow, S., de Thoisy, B., Redondo, R.A.F., and Santos, F.R. 2013. A new species of tapir from the Amazon. J. Mammal. 94(6):1331-1345.

Crawford, R.J.M. 2013. Long-term change in the population sizes and conservation status of South Africa's seabirds. Ostrich 84(2):v-ix.

Crutsinger, G.M., Carter, B.E., and Rudgers, J.A. 2013. Soil nutrients trump intraspecific effects on understory plant communities. Oecologia 173(4):1531-1538.

Cruz, J., Pech, R.P., Seddon, P.J., Cleland, S., Nelson, D., Sanders, M.D., and Maloney, R.F. 2013. Species-specific responses by ground-nesting Charadriiformes to invasive predators and river flows in the braided Tasman River of New Zealand. Biol. Conserv. 167:363-370.

Curley, B.G., Glasby, T.M., Curley, A.J., Creese, R.G., and Kingsford, M.J. 2013. Enhanced numbers of two temperate reef fishes in a small, partial-take marine protected area related to spearfisher exclusion. Biol. Conserv. 167:435-445.

Cusser, S., and Goodell, K. 2013. Diversity and distribution of floral resources influence the restoration of plant-pollinator networks on a reclaimed strip mine. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):713-721.

Cuthbert, R.J., Louw, H., Parker, G., Rexer-Huber, K., and Visser, P. 2013. Observations of mice predation on dark-mantled sooty albatross and Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross chicks at Gough Island. Antarct. Sci. 25(6):763-766.

Cutuli, G., Vannini, M., and Fratini, S. 2013. Demographic structure and genetic variability of a population of Testudo hermanni hermanni (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae) from Southern Tuscany (Central Italy): a case of "happy-ending" uncontrolled reintroduction. Italian J. Zool. 80(4):552-559.

Dana, E.D., Jeschke, J.M., and García-de-Lomas, J. 2014. Decision tools for managing biological invasions: existing biases and future needs. Oryx 48(1):56-63.

Davenport, T.R.B., Nowak, K., and Perkin, A. 2014. Priority Primate Areas in Tanzania. Oryx 48(1):39-51.

de Cara, M.Á.R., Villanueva, B., Toro, M.Á., and Fernández, J. 2013. Using genomic tools to maintain diversity and fitness in conservation programmes. Mol. Ecol. 22(24):6091-6099.

De Gregorio, B.A., Weatherhead, P.J., Tuberville, T.D., and Sperry, J.H. 2013. Time in captivity affects foraging behavior of ratsnakes: implications for translocation. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):581-590.

de Silva, S., Webber, C.E., Weerathunga, U.S., Pushpakumara, T.V., Weerakoon, D.K., and Wittemyer, G. 2013. Demographic variables for wild Asian elephants using longitudinal observations. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82788.

Delaveau, C., Fuentes-Arce, G., Ruiz, E., Hasbún, R., Uribe, M., and Valenzuela, S. 2013. Genetic diversity revealed by AFLP in three relicts of Gomortega keule (Molina) Baillon, endemic and endangered Chilean species. Gayana Bot. 70(2):187-193.

Delcroix, E., Bédel, S., Santelli, G., and Girondot, M. 2014. Monitoring design for quantification of marine turtle nesting with limited effort: a test case in the Guadeloupe archipelago. Oryx 48(1):95-105.

Delibes-Mateos, M., and Delibes-Mateos, M. 2014. Negative attitudes towards predators do not necessarily result in their killing. Oryx 48(1):16.

Delsink, A., Vanak, A.T., Ferreira, S., and Slotow, R. 2013. Biologically relevant scales in large mammal management policies. Biol. Conserv. 167:116-126.

Deroin, T., and Lötter, M. 2013. A new Uvaria L. species (Annonaceae) from northern Mozambique. Adansonia 35(2):227-234.

Descamps, S., Strøm, H., and Steen, H. 2013. Decline of an arctic top predator: synchrony in colony size fluctuations, risk of extinction and the subpolar gyre. Oecologia 173(4):1271-1282.

Diaz, A., Keith, S.A., Bullock, J.M., Hooftman, D.A.P., and Newton, A.C. 2013. Conservation implications of long-term changes detected in a lowland heath plant metacommunity. Biol. Conserv. 167:325-333.

Dickson, B.G., Roemer, G.W., McRae, B.H., and Rundall, J.M. 2013. Models of regional habitat quality and connectivity for pumas (Puma concolor) in the southwestern United States. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81898.

Diniz, J.A.F., Loyola, R.D., Raia, P., Mooers, A.O., and Bini, L.M. 2013. Darwinian shortfalls in biodiversity conservation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 28(12):689-695.

do Vale, V.S., Schiavini, I., Araújo, G.M., Gusson, A.E., Lopes, S.D., de Oliveira, A.P., do Prado, J.A., Arantes, C.D.S., and Neto, O.C.D. 2013. Fast changes in seasonal forest communities due to soil moisture increase after damming. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1901-1917.

Domangue, B.E., and McMullen, C.K. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78(4):312-322.

Downard, R., and Endter-Wada, J. 2013. Keeping wetlands wet in the western United States: adaptations to drought in agriculture-dominated human-natural systems. J. Environ. Manage. 131:394-406.

Du, H., Wang, C.Y., Wei, Q.W., Zhang, H., Wu, J.M., and Li, L. 2013. Distribution and movement of juvenile and sub-adult Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis Gray, 1835) in the Three Gorges Reservoir and the adjacent upstream free-flowing Yangtze River section: a re-introduction trial. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29(6):1383-1388.

Duarte, A., Jensen, J.L.R., Hatfield, J.S., and Weckerly, F.W. 2013. Spatiotemporal variation in range-wide Golden-cheeked Warbler breeding habitat. Ecosphere 4(12):art152.

Dufresnes, C., Wassef, J., Ghali, K., Brelsford, A., Stöck, M., Lymberakis, P., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., and Perrin, N. 2013. Conservation phylogeography: does historical diversity contribute to regional vulnerability in European tree frogs (Hyla arborea)? Mol. Ecol. 22(22):5669-5684.

Duran, A., Öztürk, M., and Çetin, Ö. 2013. Scorzonera aksekiensis sp. nov. (Asteraceae) from south Anatolia, Turkey. Nord. J. Bot. 31(6):704-710.

Durán, A.P., Casalegno, S., Marquet, P.A., and Gaston, K.J. 2013. Representation of ecosystem services by terrestrial protected areas: Chile as a case study. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82643.

Dutta, T., Sharma, S., Maldonado, J.E., Wood, T.C., Panwar, H.S., and Seidensticker, J. 2013. Gene flow and demographic history of leopards (Panthera pardus) in the central Indian highlands. Evol. Appl. 6(6):949-959.

Duursma, D.E., Gallagher, R.V., Roger, E., Hughes, L., Downey, P.O., and Leishman, M.R. 2013. Next-generation invaders? Hotspots for naturalised sleeper weeds in Australia under future climates. PLoS ONE 8(12):e84222.

Edwards, H.H. 2013. Potential impacts of climate change on warmwater megafauna: the Florida manatee example (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Climatic Change 121(4):727-738.

Eguiarte, L.E., Aguirre-Planter, E., Aguirre, X., Colín, R., González, A., Rocha, M., Scheinvar, E., Trejo, L., and Souza, V. 2013. From isozymes to genomics: population genetics and conservation of Agave in Mexico. Bot. Rev. 79(4):483-506.

Ellis, J.I., Wilhelm, S.I., Hedd, A., Fraser, G.S., Robertson, G.J., Rail, J.F., Fowler, M., and Morgan, K.H. 2013. Mortality of migratory birds from marine commercial fisheries and offshore oil and gas production in Canada. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):4.

Espejo, J., and Rodríguez, R. 2013. Historical description and use of Sophora toromiro (Phil.) Skottsb. (Fabaceae) in the wild: 1770-1948. Gayana Bot. 70(2):383-389.

Espinoza, T., Marshall, S.M., and McDougall, A.J. 2013. Spawning of the endangered Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri) in a heavily regulated river: a pulse for life. River Res. Appl. 29(10):1215-1225.

Estavillo, C., Pardini, R., and da Rocha, P.L.B. 2013. Forest loss and the biodiversity threshold: an evaluation considering species habitat requirements and the use of matrix habitats. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82369.

Falcón, W., Ackerman, J.D., Recart, W., and Daehler, C.C. 2013. Biology and impacts of Pacific Island invasive species. 10. Iguana iguana, the green iguana (Squamata: Iguanidae). Pacific Sci. 67(2):157-186.

Fan, P.F., Fei, H.L., and Luo, A.D. 2014. Ecological extinction of the Critically Endangered northern white-cheeked gibbon Nomascus leucogenys in China. Oryx 48(1):52-55.

Fan, S.F., Yu, D., and Liu, C.H. 2013. The invasive plant Alternanthera philoxeroides was suppressed more intensively than its native congener by a native generalist: implications for the biotic resistance hypothesis. PLoS ONE 8(12):e83619.

Farris, E., Pisanu, S., Ceccherelli, G., and Filigheddu, R. 2013. Human trampling effects on Mediterranean coastal dune plants. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1043-1051.

Farris, E., Secchi, Z., Rosati, L., and Filigheddu, R. 2013. Are all pastures eligible for conservation? A phytosociological survey of the Sardinian-Corsican Province as a basic tool for the Habitats Directive. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):931-946.

Fernandes-Ferreira, H., Mendonça, S.V., Cruz, R.L., Borges-Nojosa, D.M., and Alves, R.R.N. 2013. Hunting of herpetofauna in montane, coastal and dryland areas of northeastern Brazil. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):652-666.

Fernández-Zamudio, R., Cirujano, S., Sánchez-Carrillo, S., Meco, A., and García-Murillo, P. 2013. Clonal reproduction of Azolla filiculoides Lam.: implications for invasiveness. Limnetica 32(2):245-251.

Ferracin, T.P., Medri, P.S., Batista, A.C.R., Mota, M.C., Bianchini, E., and Torezan, J.M.D. 2013. Passive restoration of Atlantic forest following Pinus taeda harvesting in southern Brazil. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):770-776.

Ferrari, M.C.O., Ranaker, L., Weinersmith, K.L., Young, M.J., Sih, A., and Conrad, J.L. 2014. Effects of turbidity and an invasive waterweed on predation by introduced largemouth bass. Environ. Biol. Fish. 97(1):79-90.

Ferreira, C., Touza, J., Rouco, C., Díaz-Ruiz, F., Fernandez-de-Simon, J., Ríos-Saldaña, C.A., Ferreras, P., Villafuerte, R., and Delibes-Mateos, M. 2014. Habitat management as a generalized tool to boost European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus populations in the Iberian Peninsula: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Mammal Rev. 44(1):30-43.

Ferrero-García, J.J. 2013. The International Convention for the Protection of Birds (1902): a missed opportunity for wildlife conservation? Ardeola 60(2):385-396.

Ferrie, G.M., Farmer, K.H., Kuhar, C.W., Grand, A.P., Sherman, J., and Bettinger, T.L. 2014. The social, economic, and environmental contributions of Pan African Sanctuary Alliance primate sanctuaries in Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):187-201.

Ferronato, B.O., and Cruzado, G. 2013. Uses, beliefs, and conservation of turtles by Ashaninka indigenous people, central Peru. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(2):308-313.

Ferse, S.C.A., Nugues, M.M., Romatzki, S.B.C., and Kunzmann, A. 2013. Examining the use of mass transplantation of brooding and spawning corals to support natural coral recruitment in Sulawesi/Indonesia. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):745-754.

Fine, M., Gildor, H., and Genin, A. 2013. A coral reef refuge in the Red Sea. Global Change Biol. 19(12):3640-3647.

Fletcher, C.S., and Westcott, D.A. 2013. Dispersal and the design of effective management strategies for plant invasions: matching scales for success. Ecol. Appl. 23(8):1881-1892.

Folt, B., and Godwin, J.C. 2013. Status of the alligator snapping turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) in south Alabama with comments on its distribution. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 12(2):211-217.

Forbes, A.R., and Craig, J.L. 2013. Assessing the role of revegetation in achieving restoration goals on Tiritiri Matangi Island. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):343-352.

Forbey, J.S., Wiggins, N.L., Frye, G.G., and Connelly, J.W. 2013. Hungry grouse in a warming world: emerging risks from plant chemical defenses and climate change. Wildlife Biol. 19(4):374-381.

Forester, B.R., DeChaine, E.G., and Bunn, A.G. 2013. Integrating ensemble species distribution modelling and statistical phylogeography to inform projections of climate change impacts on species distributions. Divers. Distrib. 19(12):1480-1495.

Fouquet, A., Martinez, Q., Courtois, E.A., Dewynter, M., Pineau, K., Gaucher, P., Blanc, M., Marty, C., and Kok, P.J.R. 2013. A new species of the genus Pristimantis (Amphibia, Craugastoridae) associated with the moderately evelated massifs of French Guiana. Zootaxa 3750(5):569-586.

Fourcade, Y., Engler, J.O., Besnard, A.G., Rödder, D., and Secondi, J. 2013. Confronting expert-based and modelled distributions for species with uncertain conservation status: a case study from the corncrake (Crex crex). Biol. Conserv. 167:161-171.

Fox, K., Vitt, P., Anderson, K., Fauske, G., Travers, S., Vik, D., and Harris, M.O. 2013. Pollination of a threatened orchid by an introduced hawk moth species in the tallgrass prairie of North America. Biol. Conserv. 167:316-324.

Fraschetti, S., Guarnieri, G., Bevilacqua, S., Terlizzi, A., and Boero, F. 2013. Protection enhances community and habitat stability: evidence from a Mediterranean marine protected area. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81838.

Fraser, E.J., Macdonald, D.W., Oliver, M.K., Piertney, S., and Lambin, X. 2013. Using population genetic structure of an invasive mammal to target control efforts - an example of the American mink in Scotland. Biol. Conserv. 167:35-42.

Freeman, L.A., Kleypas, J.A., and Miller, A.J. 2013. Coral reef habitat response to climate change scenarios. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82404.

Freitas, G.C.D., Brescovit, A.D., and Vasconcelos, S.D. 2013. Spider diversity on the oceanic island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil, and implications for species conservation. J. Insect Sci. 13:148.

Fukuda, Y., and Cuff, N. 2013. Vegetation communities as nesting habitat for the saltwater crocodiles in the Northern Territory of Australia. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):641-651.

Gabrielová, J., Munzbergová, Z., Tackenberg, O., and Chrtek, J. 2013. Can we distinguish plant species that are rare and endangered from other plants using their biological traits? Folia Geobot. 48(4):449-466.

Galbraith, M. 2013. Public and ecology - the role of volunteers on Tiritiri Matangi Island. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):266-271.

Galbraith, M., and Cooper, H. 2013. Tiritiri Matangi - an overview of 25 years of ecological restoration. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):258-260.

García-Díaz, P., Arévalo, V., Vicente, R., and Lizana, M. 2013. The impact of the American mink (Neovison vison) on native vertebrates in mountainous streams in Central Spain. Eur. J. Wildlife Res. 59(6):823-831.

García, R., Holmer, M., Duarte, C.M., and Marbà, N. 2013. Global warming enhances sulphide stress in a key seagrass species (NW Mediterranean). Global Change Biol. 19(12):3629-3639.

García, Y., Callaway, R.M., Diaconu, A., and Montesinos, D. 2013. Invasive and non-invasive congeners show similar trait shifts between their same native and non-native ranges. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82281.

Gautier, L., and Deroin, T. 2013. Uvaria lombardii L. Gaut. & Deroin (Annonaceae), a new species endemic to Madagascar with spectacular inflorescences. Candollea 68(2):237-244.

Geigl, E.M., and Debruyne, R. 2013. Shall endangered species be conserved or revived? Biofutur 32(349):32-35.

Georges, A. 2013. For reptiles with temperature-dependent sex determination, thermal variability may be as important as thermal averages. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):493-494.

Gerken, J.E., and Paukert, C.P. 2013. Fish assemblage and habitat factors associated with the distribution of Topeka shiner (Notropis topeka) in Kansas streams. J. Freshwater Ecol. 28(4):503-516.

Godoi, M.N., Morante, J.C., Módena, É.D., Faxina, C., Tizianel, F.A.T., Bocchese, R., Pivatto, M.A.C., Nunes, A.P., and Posso, S.R. 2013. Birds of Upper Paraná River Basin in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 21(3):176-204.

Godoy-Bürki, A.C., Ortega-Baes, P., Sajama, J.M., and Aagesen, L. 2014. Conservation priorities in the Southern Central Andes: mismatch between endemism and diversity hotspots in the regional flora. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):81-107.

González, A., Hochstrasser, T., Fry, J., Scott, P., Grist, B., and Jones, M. 2013. Evaluating Ireland's IBIA as an approach to improving the quality and effectiveness of biodiversity impact assessment. J. Environ. Manage. 131:150-160.

Göthe, E., Friberg, N., Kahlert, M., Temnerud, J., and Sandin, L. 2014. Headwater biodiversity among different levels of stream habitat hierarchy. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):63-80.

Graham, M., Veitch, D., Aguilar, G., and Galbraith, M. 2013. Monitoring terrestrial bird populations on Tiritiri Matangi Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand, 1987-2010. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):359-369.

Greenwald, N., Ando, A.W., Butchart, S.H.M., and Tschirhart, J. 2013. The Endangered Species Act at 40. Nature 504(7480):369-370.

Gregoric, D.E.G., Núñez, V., Vogler, R.E., Beltramino, A.A., and Rumi, A. 2013. Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1759-1768.

Grey, J.N.C., Kent, V.T., and Hill, R.A. 2013. Evidence of a high density population of harvested leopards in a montane environment. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82832.

Griffin, D.B., Murphy, S.R., Frick, M.G., Broderick, A.C., Coker, J.W., Coyne, M.S., Dodd, M.G., Godfrey, M.H., Godley, B.J., Hawkes, L.A., Murphy, T.M., Williams, K.L., and Witt, M.J. 2013. Foraging habitats and migration corridors utilized by a recovering subpopulation of adult female loggerhead sea turtles: implications for conservation. Mar. Biol. 160(12):3071-3086.

Griffith, M.P., Francisco-Ortega, J., and Cibrian-Jaramillo, A. 2013. Special issue on genetics and plant conservation in Latin America. Bot. Rev. 79(4):447-448.

Grinand, C., Rakotomalala, F., Gond, V., Vaudry, R., Bernoux, M., and Vieilledent, G. 2013. Estimating deforestation in tropical humid and dry forests in Madagascar from 2000 to 2010 using multi-date Land sat satellite images and the random farests classifier. Remote Sens. Environ. 139:68-80.

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L., Anuar, S., Muin, M.A., Quah, E.S.H., McGuire, J.A., Brown, R.M., Tri, N.V., and Thai, P.H. 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 169(4):849-880.

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L., Mohamed, M., Chan, K.O., Heinz, H.M., Sumarli, A.S.I., Chan, J.A., and Loredo, A.I. 2013. A new species of karst-adapted Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from a threatened karst region in Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3746(3):463-472.

Guarino, C., Salerno, G., and Cipriani, G. 2013. Effects of fragmentation phenomena on the genetic structure and gene flow in Centaurea cineraria group (Asteraceae) in the Mediterranean Basin. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):996-1005.

Gurjar, R.L., Singh, R.P., and Mishra, A. 2013. Density of the Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus in Satpura Tiger Reserve, India. Podoces 8(1):12-18.

Gutiérrez-Yurrita, P.J., Morales-Ortiz, J.A., and Marín-García, L. 2013. Biological diversity, distribution and conservation strategies of the fish in the Moctezuma River, Central Mexico. Limnetica 32(2):215-228.

Halfar, J., Adey, W.H., Kronz, A., Hetzinger, S., Edinger, E., and Fitzhugh, W.W. 2013. Arctic sea-ice decline archived by multicentury annual-resolution record from crustose coralline algal proxy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110(49):19737-19741.

Halme, P., Allen, K.A., Auniņš;, A., Bradshaw, R.H.W., Brūmelis, G., Čada, V., Clear, J.L., Eriksson, A.M., Hannon, G., Hyvärinen, E., Ikauniece, S., Iršėnaitė, R., Jonsson, B.G., Junninen, K., Kareksela, S., Komonen, A., Kotiaho, J.S., Kouki, J., Kuuluvainen, T., Mazziotta, A., Mönkkönen, M., Nyholm, K., Oldén, A., Shorohova, E., Strange, N., Toivanen, T., Vanha-Majamaa, I., Wallenius, T., Ylisirniö, A.L., and Zin, E. 2013. Challenges of ecological restoration: lessons from forests in northern Europe. Biol. Conserv. 167:248-256.

Harju, S.M., Olson, C.V., Dzialak, M.R., Mudd, J.P., and Winstead, J.B. 2013. A flexible approach for assessing functional landscape connectivity, with application to greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). PLoS ONE 8(12):e82271.

Hawthorne, W.D. 2013. Six new Pavetta (Rubiaceae), including three 'litter-bin' species from the evergreen forests of Western Africa. Kew Bull. 68(4):559-577.

Heatubun, C.D., Iwanggin, M.P., and Simbiak, V.I. 2013. A new species of betel nut palm (Areca: Arecaceae) from western New Guinea. Phytotaxa 154(1):59-64.

Heilmann-Clausen, J., and Ejrnæs, R. 2013. Dieback of European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) - sheer misery or an opportunity for biodiversity? - reply to Pautasso. Biol. Conserv. 167:450-451.

Hervieux, D., Hebblewhite, M., DeCesare, N.J., Russell, M., Smith, K., Robertson, S., and Boutin, S. 2013. Widespread declines in woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) continue in Alberta. Can. J. Zool. 91(12):872-882.

Hickford, M.J.H., and Schiel, D.R. 2013. Artificial spawning habitats improve egg production of a declining diadromous fish, Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842). Restor. Ecol. 21(6):686-694.

Hobday, A.J., Young, J.W., Abe, O., Costa, D.P., Cowen, R.K., Evans, K., Gasalla, M.A., Kloser, R., Maury, O., and Weng, K.C. 2013. Climate impacts and oceanic top predators: moving from impacts to adaptation in oceanic systems. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 23(4):537-546.

Hobson, K.A., Wilson, A.G., Van Wilgenburg, S.L., and Bayne, E.M. 2013. An estimate of nest loss in Canada due to industrial forestry operations. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):5.

Hocking, D.J., Babbitt, K.J., and Yamasaki, M. 2013. Comparison of silvicultural and natural disturbance effects on terrestrial salamanders in northern hardwood forests. Biol. Conserv. 167:194-202.

House, P.R., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., and Hernández, H.M. 2013. A new species of Peniocereus (Cactaceae) from Honduras. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 84(4):1077-1081.

Hudson, J.R., Hanula, J.L., and Horn, S. 2013. Removing Chinese privet from riparian forests still benefits pollinators five years later. Biol. Conserv. 167:355-362.

Isbell, F., and Loreau, M. 2013. Human impacts on minimum subsets of species critical for maintaining ecosystem structure. Basic Appl. Ecol. 14(8):623-629.

Jachowski, D.S., Slotow, R., and Millspaugh, J.J. 2013. Corridor use and streaking behavior by African elephants in relation to physiological state. Biol. Conserv. 167:276-282.

Jachowski, D.S., Slotow, R., and Millspaugh, J.J. 2013. Delayed physiological acclimatization by African elephants following reintroduction. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):575-583.

Jaworski, C.C., Bompard, A., Genies, L., Amiens-Desneux, E., and Desneux, N. 2013. Preference and prey switching in a generalist predator attacking local and invasive alien pests. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82231.

Jelić, D., Ajtić, R., Sterijovski, B., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Lelo, S., and Tomović, L. 2013. Legal status and assessment of conservation threats to vipers (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae) of the Western and Central Balkans. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):764-770.

Johnson, J.R., Ryan, M.E., Micheletti, S.J., and Shaffer, H.B. 2013. Short pond hydroperiod decreases fitness of nonnative hybrid salamanders in California. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):556-565.

Jones, E.I., Nuismer, S.L., and Gomulkiewicz, R. 2013. Revisiting Darwin's conundrum reveals a twist on the relationship between phylogenetic distance and invasibility. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110(51):20627-20632.

Jucker, T., Carboni, M., and Acosta, A.T.R. 2013. Going beyond taxonomic diversity: deconstructing biodiversity patterns reveals the true cost of iceplant invasion. Divers. Distrib. 19(12):1566-1577.

Juhász, K., Lukács, B.A., Perpék, M., Nagy, S.A., and Végvári, Z. 2013. Effects of extensive fishpond management and human disturbance factors on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra L. 1758) populations in Eastern Europe. North-West. J. Zool. 9(2):227-238.

Kalogirou, S. 2013. Ecological characteristics of the invasive pufferfish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in Rhodes, Eastern Mediterranean Sea. A case study. Mediterr. Mar. Sci. 14(2):251-260.

Kanagaraj, R., Wiegand, T., Kramer-Schadt, S., and Goyal, S.P. 2013. Using individual-based movement models to assess inter-patch connectivity for large carnivores in fragmented landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 167:298-309.

Katz, E.M., Tolley, K.A., and Altwegg, R. 2013. Survival and abundance of Cape dwarf chameleons, Bradypodion pumilum, inhabiting a transformed, semi-urban wetland. Herp. J. 23(4):179-186.

Khan, S.M., Page, S., Ahmad, H., Shaheen, H., Ullah, Z., Ahmad, M., and Harper, D.M. 2013. Medicinal flora and ethnoecological knowledge in the Naran Valley, Western Himalaya, Pakistan. J. Ethnobio. Ethnomed. 9:4.

Khan, S.M., Page, S., Ahmad, H., Zahidullah, Shaheen, H., Ahamd, M., and Harper, D. 2013. Phyto-climatic gradient of vegetation and habitat specificity in the high elevation Western Himalayas. Pakistan J. Bot. 45:223-230.

Klaus, V.H. 2013. Urban grassland restoration: a neglected opportunity for biodiversity conservation. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):665-669.

Knisley, C.B., and Arnold, R.A. 2013. Biology and conservation of Cicindela ohlone Freitag and Kavanaugh, the endangered Ohlone tiger beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae). I. distribution and natural history. Coleopts. Bull. 67(4):569-580.

Kotowski, W., Jabłońska, E., and Bartoszuk, H. 2013. Conservation management in fens: do large tracked mowers impact functional plant diversity? Biol. Conserv. 167:292-297.

Kovalenko, K.E., and Dibble, E.D. 2014. Invasive macrophyte effects on littoral trophic structure and carbon sources. Hydrobiologia 721(1):23-34.

Koyanagi, T.F., and Furukawa, T. 2013. Nation-wide agrarian depopulation threatens semi-natural grassland species in Japan: sub-national application of the Red List Index. Biol. Conserv. 167:1-8.

Kozlowski, G., Frey, D., Fazan, L., Egli, B., Bétrisey, S., Gratzfeld, J., Garfi, G., and Pirintsos, S. 2014. The Tertiary relict tree Zelkova abelicea (Ulmaceae): distribution, population structure and conservation status on Crete. Oryx 48(1):80-87.

Kricsfalusy, V.V., and Trevisan, N. 2014. Prioritizing regionally rare plant species for conservation using herbarium data. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):39-61.

Kukrety, S., Jose, S., and Alavalapati, J.R.R. 2013. Exploring stakeholders' perceptions with analytic hierarchy process - a case study of red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus L.) restoration in India. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):777-784.

Lanfranconi, A., Brugnoli, E., and Muniz, P. 2013. Preliminary estimates of consumption rates of Rapana venosa (Gastropoda, Muricidae); a new threat to mollusk biodiversity in the Rio de la Plata. Aquat. Invasions 8(4):437-442.

Lanta, V., Hyvönen, T., and Norrdahl, K. 2013. Non-native and native shrubs have differing impacts on species diversity and composition of associated plant communities. Plant Ecol. 214(12):1517-1528.

Laub, B.G., McDonough, O.T., Needelman, B.A., and Palmer, M.A. 2013. Comparison of designed channel restoration and riparian buffer restoration effects on riparian soils. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):695-703.

Lee-Cruz, L., Edwards, D.P., Tripathi, B.M., and Adams, J.M. 2013. Impact of logging and forest conversion to oil palm plantations on soil bacterial communities in Borneo. Appl. Environ. Microb. 79(23):7290-7297.

Legault, A., Theuerkauf, J., Chartendrault, V., Rouys, S., Saoumoé, M., Verfaille, L., Desmoulins, F., Barré, N., and Gula, R. 2013. Using ecological niche models to infer the distribution and population size of parakeets in New Caledonia. Biol. Conserv. 167:149-160.

Leiva, I., Schiller, R., Chamorro, O., López, B., Araya, G., Tobar, M., Angulo, J., Arredondo, D., Recabarren, M., and Andaur, A. 2013. New records of critically endangered plant species on Robinson Crusoe and Santa Clara Islands, Chile. Gayana Bot. 70(2):377-382.

Liang, L., Fei, S., Ripy, J.B., Blandford, B.L., and Grossardt, T. 2013. Stream habitat modelling for conserving a threatened headwater fish in the upper Cumberland River, Kentucky. River Res. Appl. 29(10):1207-1214.

Lin, P.C., Brosse, S., Gao, X., Liu, C.C., and Liu, H.Z. 2013. Species composition and temporal pattern of fish passing through the navigation locks in the middle reach of Yangtze River: implications for fish conservation. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29(6):1441-1444.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Blanchard, W., McBurney, L., Blair, D., Banks, S.C., Driscoll, D., Smith, A.L., and Gill, A.M. 2013. Fire severity and landscape context effects on arboreal marsupials. Biol. Conserv. 167:137-148.

Lisón, F., Palazón, J.A., and Calvo, J.F. 2013. Effectiveness of the Natura 2000 Network for the conservation of cave-dwelling bats in a Mediterranean region. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):528-537.

Longcore, T., and Smith, P.A. 2013. On avian mortality associated with human activities. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):1.

Lopez-Gallego, C. 2013. Genotype-by-environment interactions for seedling establishment across native and degraded-forest habitats in a long-lived cycad. Bot. Rev. 79(4):542-558.

Love, H.M., Maggs, C.A., Murray, T.E., and Provan, J. 2013. Genetic evidence for predominantly hydrochoric gene flow in the invasive riparian plant Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam). Ann. Botany 112(9):1743-1750.

Lund, J.F. 2014. Towards a more balanced view on the potentials of locally-based monitoring. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):237-239.

MacGregor-Fors, I., Ortega-Álvarez, R., Barrera-Guzmán, A., Sevillano, L., and del-Val, E.K. 2013. Tama-risk? Avian responses to the invasion of saltcedars (Tamarix ramosissima) in Sonora, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 84(4):1284-1291.

Magnoli, S.M., Kleinhesselink, A.R., and Cushman, J.H. 2013. Responses to invasion and invader removal differ between native and exotic plant groups in a coastal dune. Oecologia 173(4):1521-1530.

Maharaj, S.S., and New, M. 2013. Modelling individual and collective species responses to climate change within Small Island States. Biol. Conserv. 167:283-291.

Mahony, M.J., Hamer, A.J., Pickett, E.J., McKenzie, D.J., Stockwell, M.P., Garnham, J.I., Keely, C.C., Deboo, M.L., O'Meara, J., Pollard, C.J., Clulow, S., Lemckert, F.L., Bower, D.S., and Clulow, J. 2013. Identifying conservation and research priorities in the face of uncertainty: a review of the threatened bell frog complex in eastern Australia. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):519-538.

Malaney, J.L., and Cook, J.A. 2013. Using biogeographical history to inform conservation: the case of Preble's meadow jumping mouse. Mol. Ecol. 22(24):6000-6017.

Malik, S.K., Uchoi, A., Kumar, S., Choudhary, R., Pal, D., Kole, P.R., Chaudhury, R., and Bhat, K.V. 2013. Molecular characterization of Citrus macroptera Montr. (Satkara): an endangered wild species from northeast India. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):857-863.

Manenti, R., de Bernardi, F., and Ficetola, G.F. 2013. Pastures vs forests: do traditional pastoral activities negatively affect biodiversity? The case of amphibians communities. North-West. J. Zool. 9(2):284-292.

Marsden, B.W., Engelhardt, K.A.M., and Neel, M.C. 2013. Genetic rescue versus outbreeding depression in Vallisneria americana: implications for mixing seed sources for restoration. Biol. Conserv. 167:203-214.

Martínez-Bravo, C.M., Mancera-Rodríguez, N.J., and Buitrago-Franco, G. 2013. Diversity of birds in Cotové Agricultural Center, Santa Fe de Antioquia, Colombia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1597-1617.

Martínez-Cruz, J., Méndez-Toribio, M., Cortés-Flores, J., Coba-Pérez, P., Cornejo-Tenorio, G., and Ibarra-Manríquez, G. 2013. Structure and diversity of seasonally forests disappeared by the construction of the dam Gral. Francisco J. Múgica, in Balsas River Basin, Michoacan, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 84(4):1216-1234.

Massaro, M., Sainudiin, R., Merton, D., Briskie, J.V., Poole, A.M., and Hale, M.L. 2013. Human-assisted spread of a maladaptive behavior in a critically endangered bird. PLoS ONE 8(12):e79066.

Mazur, K.E., and Asah, S.T. 2013. Clarifying standpoints in the gray wolf recovery conflict: procuring management and policy forethought. Biol. Conserv. 167:79-89.

McCann, L.D., Holzer, K.K., Davidson, I.C., Ashton, G.V., Chapman, M.D., and Ruiz, G.M. 2013. Promoting invasive species control and eradication in the sea: options for managing the tunicate invader Didemnum vexillum in Sitka, Alaska. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 77(1-2):165-171.

McKay, J.E., Mangunjaya, F.M., Dinata, Y., Harrop, S.R., and Khalid, F. 2014. Practise what you preach: a faith-based approach to conservation in Indonesia. Oryx 48(1):23-29.

Mello, R.S.R., Besson, A.A., Hare, K.M., Fay, V., Smith, E., and Cree, A. 2013. Adjustment of juvenile tuatara to a cooler, southern climate: operative temperatures, emergence behaviour and growth rate. New Zeal. J. Zool. 40(4):290-303.

Menezes, V.A., and Rocha, C.F.D. 2013. Geographic distribution, population densities, and issues on conservation of whiptail lizards in restinga habitats along the eastern coast of Brazil. North-West. J. Zool. 9(2):337-344.

Mercado-Díaz, J.A., Gould, W.A., González, G., and Lücking, R. 2013. Four new species of Coenogonium (Ascomycota: Ostropales) from vulnerable forest ecosystems in Puerto Rico. Bryologist 116(4):373-381.

Mihoub, J.B., Jiguet, F., Lécuyer, P., Eliotout, B., and Sarrazin, F. 2014. Modelling nesting site suitability in a population of reintroduced Eurasian black vultures Aegypius monachus in the Grands Causses, France. Oryx 48(1):116-124.

Mihoub, J.B., Princé, K., Duriez, O., Lécuyer, P., Eliotout, B., and Sarrazin, F. 2014. Comparing the effects of release methods on survival of the Eurasian black vulture Aegypius monachus reintroduced in France. Oryx 48(1):106-115.

Mikusiński, G., Possingham, H.P., and Blicharska, M. 2014. Biodiversity priority areas and religions-a global analysis of spatial overlap. Oryx 48(1):17-22.

Minhós, T., Wallace, E., da Silva, M.J.F., Sá, R.M., Carmo, M., Barata, A., and Bruford, M.W. 2013. DNA identification of primate bushmeat from urban markets in Guinea-Bissau and its implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 167:43-49.

Miró, A., and Ventura, M. 2013. Historical use, fishing management and lake characteristics explain the presence of non-native trout in Pyrenean lakes: implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 167:17-24.

Monahan, W.B., Cook, T., Melton, F., Connor, J., and Bobowski, B. 2013. Forecasting distributional responses of limber pine to climate change at management-relevant scales in Rocky Mountain National Park. PLoS ONE 8(12):e83163.

Moritz, C.C., and Potter, S. 2013. The importance of an evolutionary perspective in conservation policy planning. Mol. Ecol. 22(24):5969-5971.

Mosimane, A.W., McCool, S., Brown, P., and Ingrebretson, J. 2014. Using mental models in the analysis of human-wildlife conflict from the perspective of a social-ecological system in Namibia. Oryx 48(1):64-70.

Moura, N.G., Lees, A.C., Andretti, C.B., Davis, B.J.W., Solar, R.R.C., Aleixo, A., Barlow, J., Ferreira, J., and Gardner, T.A. 2013. Avian biodiversity in multiple-use landscapes of the Brazilian Amazon. Biol. Conserv. 167:339-348.

Mulligan, M.P., Schooley, R.L., and Ward, M.P. 2013. Effects of connectivity and regional dynamics on restoration of small mammal communities in midwestern grasslands. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):678-685.

Murphy, S., Pinn, E.H., and Jepson, P.D. 2013. The short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in the North-east Atlantic: distribution, ecology, management and conservation status. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. 51:193-280.

Naddafi, R., and Rudstam, L.G. 2014. Predation on invasive zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, by pumpkinseed sunfish, rusty crayfish, and round goby. Hydrobiologia 721(1):107-115.

Nascimbene, J., Nimis, P.L., and Ravera, S. 2013. Evaluating the conservation status of epiphytic lichens of Italy: a red list. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):898-904.

Ndiaye, W., Thiaw, M., Diouf, K., Ndiaye, P., Thiaw, O.T., and Panfili, J. 2013. Changes in population structure of the white grouper Epinephelus aeneus as a result of long-term overexploitation in Senegalese waters. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 35(4):465-472.

Nelli, L., Meriggi, A., and Franzoi, A. 2013. Habitat selection by breeding rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta helvetica males in the western Italian Alps. Wildlife Biol. 19(4):382-389.

Nelson, E.B., and Karp, M.A. 2013. Soil pathogen communities associated with native and non-native Phragmites australis populations in freshwater wetlands. Ecol. Evol. 3(16):5254-5267.

Nordlund, L.M., and Gullström, M. 2013. Biodiversity loss in seagrass meadows due to local invertebrate fisheries and harbour activities. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 135:231-240.

Noreen, A.M.E., and Webb, E.L. 2013. High genetic diversity in a potentially vulnerable tropical tree species despite extreme habitat loss. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82632.

Norfolk, O., Eichhorn, M.P., and Gilbert, F. 2013. Traditional agricultural gardens conserve wild plants and functional richness in arid South Sinai. Basic Appl. Ecol. 14(8):659-669.

Nuwer, R., and Bell, D. 2014. Identifying and quantifying the threats to biodiversity in the U Minh peat swamp forests of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Oryx 48(1):88-94.

Oleas, N., Jestrow, B., Calonje, M., Peguero, B., Jiménez, F., Rodríguez-Peña, R., Oviedo, R., Santiago-Valentín, E., Meerow, A.W., Abdo, M., Maunder, M., Griffith, M.P., and Francisco-Ortega, J. 2013. Molecular systematics of threatened seed plant species endemic in the Caribbean Islands. Bot. Rev. 79(4):528-541.

Oleas, N.H., Meerow, A.W., and Francisco-Ortega, J. 2013. Molecular markers and conservation of plant species in the Latin-America: the case of Phaedranassa viridiflora (Amaryllidaceae). Bot. Rev. 79(4):507-527.

Oliveira-Miranda, M.A., Martino, A.M., De Oliveira-Miranda, R.M., Balboa, K., and Aguilera, M. 2013. Conserving the genetic diversity of plants in Austral and Neotropical America (ANA): a metanalysis of published studies using samples of the region. Bot. Rev. 79(4):449-468.

Oliver, P.P.H., and Gutiérrez, P.A.G. 2013. Acanthodesmos gibarensis (Asteraceae, Vernonieae), a new species from Cuba. Willdenowia 43(2):315-318.

Ortega-Andrade, H.M., Rojas-Soto, O., and Paucar, C. 2013. Novel data on the ecology of Cochranella mache (Anura: Centrolenidae) and the importance of protected areas for this critically endangered glassfrog in the neotropics. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81837.

Ortiz-Catedral, L., Hauber, M.E., and Brunton, D.H. 2013. Growth and survival of nestlings in a population of red-crowned parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) free of introduced mammalian nest predators on Tiritiri Matangi Island, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):370-378.

Overballe-Petersen, M.V., Raulund-Rasmussen, K., Buttenschøn, R.M., and Bradshaw, R.H.W. 2014. The forest Gribskov, Denmark: lessons from the past qualify contemporary conservation, restoration and forest management. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):23-37.

Overdyck, E., Clarkson, B.D., Laughlin, D.C., and Gemmill, C.E.C. 2013. Testing broadcast seeding methods to restore urban forests in the presence of seed predators. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):763-769.

Pahl, A.T., Kollmann, J., Mayer, A., and Haider, S. 2013. No evidence for local adaptation in an invasive alien plant: field and greenhouse experiments tracing a colonization sequence. Ann. Botany 112(9):1921-1930.

Parker, K.A. 2013. Avian translocations to and from Tiritiri Matangi 1974-2013. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):282-287.

Pautasso, M., Aas, G., Queloz, V., and Holdenrieder, O. 2013. Dieback of European ash: let's avoid this kind of opportunities for nature conservation. Biol. Conserv. 167:452-453.

Pellissier, V., Touroult, J., Julliard, R., Siblet, J.P., and Jiguet, F. 2013. Assessing the Natura 2000 network with a common breeding birds survey. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):566-574.

Pellock, S., Thompson, A., He, K.S., Mecklin, C.J., and Yang, J. 2013. Validity of Darwin's naturalization hypothesis relates to the stages of invasion. Community Ecol. 14(2):172-179.

Pérez-García, N., Font, X., Ferré, A., and Carreras, J. 2013. Drastic reduction in the potential habitats for alpine and subalpine vegetation in the Pyrenees due to twenty-first-century climate change. Reg. Environ. Change 13(6):1157-1169.

Perger, R., and Guerra, F. 2013. Longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of the Tucuman-Bolivian forest in the Tariquía Flora and Fauna National Reserve, southern Bolivian Andes, with notes on ecoregion endemism and conservation. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 89(4):209-221.

Perrino, E.V., Tomaselli, V., Costa, R., and Pavone, P. 2013. Conservation status of habitats (Directive 92/43 EEC) of coastal and low hill belts in a Mediterranean biodiversity hot spot (Gargano - Italy). Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1006-1028.

Persiani, A.M. 2013. On ecology of post-fire soil fungi: assessing impact of disturbance using species-abundance models as measure of community organization. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1104-1106.

Peters, H., O'Leary, B.C., Hawkins, J.P., Carpenter, K.E., and Roberts, C.M. 2013. Conus: first comprehensive conservation Red List assessment of a marine gastropod mollusc genus. PLoS ONE 8(12):e83353.

Petracca, L.S., Ramírez-Bravo, O.E., and Hernández-Santín, L. 2014. Occupancy estimation of jaguar Panthera onca to assess the value of east-central Mexico as a jaguar corridor. Oryx 48(1):133-140.

Popescu, V.D., Kissel, A.M., Pearson, M., Palen, W.J., Govindarajulu, P., and Bishop, C.A. 2013. Defining conservation-relevant habitat selection by the highly imperiled Oregon spotted frog, Rana pretiosa. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):688-706.

Powers, R.P., Coops, N.C., Nelson, T., Wulder, M.A., and Drever, C.R. 2013. Integrating accessibility and intactness into large-area conservation planning in the Canadian boreal forest. Biol. Conserv. 167:371-379.

Powney, G.D., Rapacciuolo, G., Preston, C.D., Purvis, A., and Roy, D.B. 2014. A phylogenetically-informed trait-based analysis of range change in the vascular plant flora of Britain. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):171-185.

Pretelli, M.G., Isacch, J.P., and Cardoni, D.A. 2013. Year-round abundance, richness and nesting of the bird assemblage of tall grasslands in the south-east pampas region, Argentina. Ardeola 60(2):327-343.

Quaresma, A.S., Nakajima, J.N., and Roque, N. 2013. Stevia grazielae (Asteraceae: Eupatorieae: Ageratinae): a new species from the Cadeia do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Kew Bull. 68(4):647-650.

Quiroga, V.A., Boaglio, G.I., Noss, A.J., and Di Bitetti, M.S. 2014. Critical population status of the jaguar Panthera onca in the Argentine Chaco: camera-trap surveys suggest recent collapse and imminent regional extinction. Oryx 48(1):141-148.

Rajpar, M.N., and Zakaria, M. 2013. Assessing an artificial wetland in Putrajaya, Malaysia, as an alternate habitat for waterbirds. Waterbirds 36(4):482-493.

Ralimanana, H., Hoffmann, P., and Rajeriarison, C. 2013. Taxonomic revision of Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae) in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands III: subgenera Swartziani, Afroswartziani and Emblica. Kew Bull. 68(4):535-558.

Ramírez-Bautista, A., and Cruz-Elizalde, R. 2013. Reptile community structure in two fragments of cloud forest of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico. North-West. J. Zool. 9(2):410-417.

Ranjbar, M., and Negaresh, K. 2013. A contribution to the genus Amberboa (Asteraceae, Cardueae, Centaureinae) from Iran. Willdenowia 43(2):271-277.

Reddy, C.S., Dutta, K., and Jha, C.S. 2013. Analysing the gross and net deforestation rates in India. Curr. Sci. 105(11):1492-1500.

Refsnider, J.M., Bodensteiner, B.L., Reneker, J.L., and Janzen, F.J. 2013. Experimental field studies of species' responses to climate change: challenges and future directions. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):498-499.

Refsnider, J.M., Bodensteiner, B.L., Reneker, J.L., and Janzen, F.J. 2013. Nest depth may not compensate for sex ratio skews caused by climate change in turtles. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):481-490.

Reid, J.L., Holste, E.K., and Zahawi, R.A. 2013. Artificial bat roosts did not accelerate forest regeneration in abandoned pastures in southern Costa Rica. Biol. Conserv. 167:9-16.

Reid, N., Dingerkus, S.K., Stone, R.E., Pietravalle, S., Kelly, R., Buckley, J., Beebee, T.J.C., Marnell, F., and Wilkinson, J.W. 2013. Population enumeration and assessing conservation status in a widespread amphibian: a case study of Rana temporaria in Ireland. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):519-527.

Rendón-Carmona, H., Martínez-Yrízar, A., Maass, J.M., Pérez-Salicrup, D.R., and Búrquez, A. 2013. Selective extraction of stakes for horticultural use in Mexico: a case for the conservation of the tropical deciduous forest and its resources. Bot. Sci. 91(4):493-503.

Richardson, D.M., and Ricciardi, A. 2013. Misleading criticisms of invasion science: a field guide. Divers. Distrib. 19(12):1461-1467.

Rioux, S., Savard, J.P.L., and Gerick, A.A. 2013. Avian mortalities due to transmission line collisions: a review of current estimates and field methods with an emphasis on applications to the Canadian electric network. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):7.

Rius, M., Clusella-Trullas, S., McQuaid, C.D., Navarro, R.A., Griffiths, C.L., Matthee, C.A., von der Heyden, S., and Turon, X. 2014. Range expansions across ecoregions: interactions of climate change, physiology and genetic diversity. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 23(1):76-88.

Rivera-Ortíz, F.A., Oyama, K., Ríos-Muñoz, C.A., Solórzano, S., Navarro-Sigüenza, A.G., and Arizmendi, M.D.C. 2013. Habitat characterization and modeling of the potential distribution of the Military Macaw (Ara militaris) in Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 84(4):1200-1215.

Rödder, D., and Ihlow, F. 2013. Chelonians in a changing climate: can nest site selection prevent sex ratio skews? Anim. Conserv. 16(5):491-492.

Roe, J.H., Attum, O., and Kingsbury, B.A. 2013. Vital rates and population demographics in declining and stable watersnake populations. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):591-601.

Rosewarne, P.J., Svendsen, J.C., Mortimer, R.J.G., and Dunn, A.M. 2014. Muddied waters: suspended sediment impacts on gill structure and aerobic scope in an endangered native and an invasive freshwater crayfish. Hydrobiologia 722(1):61-74.

Rotem, G., Ziv, Y., Giladi, I., and Bouskila, A. 2013. Wheat fields as an ecological trap for reptiles in a semiarid agroecosystem. Biol. Conserv. 167:349-353.

Rothlisberger, J.D., and Lodge, D.M. 2013. The Laurentian Great Lakes as a beachhead and a gathering place for biological invasions. Aquat. Invasions 8(4):361-374.

Ruch, D.G., Torke, B.G., Badger, K.S., Taylor, J.E., Hess, B.R., and Rothrock, P.E. 2013. The vascular flora and vegetational communities of Cabin Creek Raised Bog, Randolph County, Indiana. Castanea 78(4):290-311.

Ruokonen, T.J., Karjalainen, J., and Hämäläinen, H. 2014. Effects of an invasive crayfish on the littoral macroinvertebrates of large boreal lakes are habitat specific. Freshwater Biol. 59(1):12-25.

Saenz, S., Walschburger, T., González, J.C., León, J., McKenney, B., and Kiesecker, J. 2013. Development by design in Colombia: making mitigation decisions consistent with conservation outcomes. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81831.

Sainge, M.N., Kenfack, D., and Chuyong, G.B. 2013. Two new species of Afrothismia (Thismiaceae) from southern Cameroon. Kew Bull. 68(4):591-597.

Salvati, L., Tombolini, I., Perini, L., and Ferrara, A. 2013. Landscape changes and environmental quality: the evolution of land vulnerability and potential resilience to degradation in Italy. Reg. Environ. Change 13(6):1223-1233.

Sánchez-Gómez, P., Jiménez, J.F., Vera, J.B., Sánchez-Saorin, F.J., Martínez, J.F., and Buhagiar, J. 2013. Genetic structure of Tetraclinis articulata, an endangered conifer of the western Mediterranean basin. Silva Fennica 47(5):1073.

Sánchez-Gómez, P., Navarro, T., Jiménez, J.F., Vera, J.B., Mota, J.F., and Del Río, J. 2013. Teucrium moleromesae (Lamiaceae): a new species of genus Teucrium sect. Montanum from the arid mountains of south-eastern Spain. Phytotaxa 151(1):58-62.

Santangeli, A., Högmander, J., and Laaksonen, T. 2013. Returning white-tailed eagles breed as successfully in landscapes under intensive forestry regimes as in protected areas. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):500-508.

Schakner, Z.A., and Blumstein, D.T. 2013. Behavioral biology of marine mammal deterrents: a review and prospectus. Biol. Conserv. 167:380-389.

Schatz, G.E., and Lowry, P.P. 2013. Two more new species of Prockiopsis Baill. (Achariaceae) from Madagascar. Candollea 68(2):277-283.

Scheffers, B.R., Furman, B.L.S., and Evans, J.P. 2013. Salamanders continue to breed in ephemeral ponds following the removal of surrounding terrestrial habitat. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):715-723.

Schofield, P.J., Slone, D.H., Gregoire, D.R., and Loftus, W.F. 2014. Effects of a non-native cichlid fish (African jewelfish, Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880) on a simulated Everglades aquatic community. Hydrobiologia 722(1):171-182.

Schroder, R., and Prasse, R. 2013. Cultivation and hybridization alter the germination behavior of native plants used in revegetation and restoration. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):793-800.

Schwanz, L.E. 2013. Revealing the links between climate and demography for reptiles with environmental sex determination. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):495-497.

Schwartz, M.W., Smith, L.M., and Steel, Z.L. 2013. Conservation investment for rare plants in urban eevironments. PLoS ONE 8(12):e83809.

Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Buckley, Y., Cleland, E.E., Davies, K., Firn, J., Harpole, W.S., Hautier, Y., Lind, E., Macdougall, A., Orrock, J.L., Prober, S.M., Adler, P., Alberti, J., Anderson, T.M., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L.A., Blumenthal, D., Brown, C.S., Brudvig, L.A., Caldeira, M., Chu, C.J., Crawley, M.J., Daleo, P., Damschen, E.I., D'Antonio, C.M., Decrappeo, N.M., Dickman, C.R., Du, G.Z., Fay, P.A., Frater, P., Gruner, D.S., Hagenah, N., Hector, A., Helm, A., Hillebrand, H., Hofmockel, K.S., Humphries, H.C., Iribarne, O., Jin, V.L., Kay, A., Kirkman, K.P., Klein, J.A., Knops, J.M.H., La Pierre, K.J., Ladwig, L.M., Lambrinos, J.G., Leakey, A.D.B., Li, Q., Li, W., McCulley, R., Melbourne, B., Mitchell, C.E., Moore, J.L., Morgan, J., Mortensen, B., O'Halloran, L.R., Pärtel, M., Pascual, J., Pyke, D.A., Risch, A.C., Salguero-Gómez, R., Sankaran, M., Schuetz, M., Simonsen, A., Smith, M., Stevens, C., Sullivan, L., Wardle, G.M., Wolkovich, E.M., Wragg, P.D., Wright, J., and Yang, L. 2013. Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness? Global Change Biol. 19(12):3677-3687.

Seijas, A.E., Araujo-Quintero, A., and Velásquez, N. 2013. Vertebrate mortality in the Guanare-Guanarito road, Portuguesa state, Venezuela. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1619-1636.

Shabdin, Z., Culham, A., Simpson, D.A., and Meekiong, K. 2013. Mapania multiflora, a distinctive new species of Cyperaceae (Mapanioideae) from Borneo. Kew Bull. 68(4):673-678.

Shabtay, A., Tikochinski, Y., Benayahu, Y., and Rilov, G. 2014. Preliminary data on the genetic structure of a highly successful invading population of oyster suggesting its establishment dynamics in the Levant. Mar. Biol. Res. 10(4):407-415.

Sharifi, M., Farasat, H., Barani-Beiranv, H., Vaissi, S., and Foroozanfar, E. 2013. Notes on the distribution and abundance of the endangered Kaiser's mountain newt, Neurergus kaiseri (Caudata: Salamandridae), in southwestern Iran. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):724-731.

Sharma, S., Dutta, T., Maldonado, J.E., Wood, T.C., Panwar, H.S., and Seidensticker, J. 2013. Forest corridors maintain historical gene flow in a tiger metapopulation in the highlands of central India. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 280(1767):20131506.

Sheehan, E.V., Stevens, T.F., Gall, S.C., Cousens, S.L., and Attrill, M.J. 2013. Recovery of a temperate reef assemblage in a marine protected area following the exclusion of towed demersal fishing. PLoS ONE 8(12):e83883.

Shoo, L.P., and Catterall, C.P. 2013. Stimulating natural regeneration of tropical forest on degraded land: approaches, outcomes, and information gaps. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):670-677.

Shrestha, U.B., and Bawa, K.S. 2013. Dimensions of caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) decline - a response to Stewart et. al. Biol. Conserv. 167:448-449.

Shyu, E., Pardini, E.A., Knight, T.M., and Caswell, H. 2013. A seasonal, density-dependent model for the management of an invasive weed. Ecol. Appl. 23(8):1893-1905.

Si, C.C., Liu, X.Y., Wang, C.Y., Wang, L., Dai, Z.C., Qi, S.S., and Du, D.L. 2013. Different degrees of plant invasion significantly affect the richness of the soil fungal community. PLoS ONE 8(12):e85490.

Simonovic, P., Tošić, A., Vassilev, M., Apostolou, A., Mrdak, D., Ristovska, M., Kostov, V., Nikolić, V., Škraba, D., Vilizzi, L., and Copp, G.H. 2013. Risk assessment of non-native fishes in the Balkans Region using FISK, the invasiveness screening tool for non-native freshwater fishes. Mediterr. Mar. Sci. 14(2):369-376.

Skutsch, M.M., McCall, M.K., and Larrazabal, A.P. 2014. Balancing views on community monitoring: the case of REDD+. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):233-236.

Sollmann, R., Tôrres, N.M., Furtado, M.M., Jácomo, A.T.D., Palomares, F., Roques, S., and Silveira, L. 2013. Combining camera-trapping and noninvasive genetic data in a spatial capture-recapture framework improves density estimates for the jaguar. Biol. Conserv. 167:242-247.

Sosa, V., Mejía-Saules, T., Cuéllar, M.A., and Vovides, A.P. 2013. DNA barcoding in endangered Mesoamerican groups of plants. Bot. Rev. 79(4):469-482.

Staley, J.T., Bullock, J.M., Baldock, K.C.R., Redhead, J.W., Hooftman, D.A.P., Button, N., and Pywell, R.F. 2013. Changes in hedgerow floral diversity over 70 years in an English rural landscape, and the impacts of management. Biol. Conserv. 167:97-105.

Stellatelli, O.A., Vega, L.E., Block, C., and Cruz, F.B. 2013. Effects of tree invasion on the habitat use of sand lizards. Herpetologica 69(4):455-465.

Sterling, K.A., Warren, M.L., and Henderson, L.G. 2013. Conservation assessment of the Yazoo Darter (Etheostoma raneyi). Southeast. Nat. 12(4):816-842.

Stewart, M.O., Bushley, K.E., and Yang, Y.P. 2013. Regarding the social-ecological dimensions of caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) in the Himalayas - reply to Shrestha and Bawa. Biol. Conserv. 167:446-447.

Storch, I. 2013. Human disturbance of grouse - why and when? Wildlife Biol. 19(4):390-403.

Stronen, A.V., and Paquet, P.C. 2013. Perspectives on the conservation of wild hybrids. Biol. Conserv. 167:390-395.

Suárez-Esteban, A., Delibes, M., and Fedriani, J.M. 2013. Unpaved road verges as hotspots of fleshy-fruited shrub recruitment and establishment. Biol. Conserv. 167:50-56.

Superina, M., Pagnutti, N., and Abba, A.M. 2014. What do we know about armadillos? An analysis of four centuries of knowledge about a group of South American mammals, with emphasis on their conservation. Mammal Rev. 44(1):69-80.

Sutherland, D.R., and Dann, P. 2014. Population trends in a substantial colony of Little Penguins: three independent measures over three decades. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):241-250.

Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T.A., Haider, L.J., and Dicks, L.V. 2014. How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments? Oryx 48(1):1-2.

Teh, L.C.L., Teh, L.S.L., and Jumin, R. 2013. Combining human preference and biodiversity priorities for marine protected area site selection in Sabah, Malaysia. Biol. Conserv. 167:396-404.

Tella, J.L., Rojas, A., Carrete, M., and Hiraldo, F. 2013. Simple assessments of age and spatial population structure can aid conservation of poorly known species. Biol. Conserv. 167:425-434.

Tews, J., Bert, D.G., and Mineau, P. 2013. Estimated mortality of selected migratory bird species from mowing and other mechanical operations in Canadian agriculture. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):8.

Thompson, K., and Gilbert, F. 2013. The effects of grazing on the endangered Sinai Thyme (Thymus decussatus) in a hyper-arid environment. J. Arid Environ. 99:14-22.

Thorogood, R., Armstrong, D.P., Low, M., Brekke, P., and Ewen, J.G. 2013. The value of long-term ecological research: integrating knowledge for conservation of hihi on Tiritiri Matangi Island. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 37(3):298-306.

Toonen, R.J., Wilhelm, T.A., Maxwell, S.M., Wagner, D., Bowen, B.W., Sheppard, C.R.C., Taei, S.M., Teroroko, T., Moffitt, R., Gaymer, C.F., Morgan, L., Lewis, N., Sheppard, A.L.S., Parks, J., Friedlander, A.M., and The Big Ocean Think Tank. 2013. One size does not fit all: the emerging frontier in large-scale marine conservation. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 77(1-2):7-10.

Treggiari, A.A., Gagliardone, M., Pellegrino, I., and Cucco, M. 2013. Habitat selection in a changing environment: the relationship between habitat alteration and Scops Owl (Aves: Strigidae) territory occupancy. Italian J. Zool. 80(4):574-585.

Trovó, M., Echternacht, L., and Sano, P.T. 2013. Distribution and conservation of Paepalanthus Mart. sect. Diphyomene Ruhland (Eriocaulaceae) in Neotropical savannas. Adansonia 35(2):195-206.

Tucker, G.C. 2013. Two new Neotropical species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 68(4):619-623.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2013. A revised circumscription of Maesa ruficaulis S. Moore (Primulaceae-Maesoideae). Contributions to the Flora of Mt Jaya, XVIII. Kew Bull. 68(4):683-686.

Vacchiano, G., Barni, E., Lonati, M., Masante, D., Curtaz, A., Tutino, S., and Siniscalco, C. 2013. Monitoring and modeling the invasion of the fast spreading alien Senecio inaequidens DC. in an alpine region. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1139-1147.

Valois-Cuesta, H., Martínez-Ruiz, C., Cuesta, Y.Y.R., and Hinestroza, S.M.P. 2013. Palms conservation, patterns of use and diversity (Arecaceae) in rain forests from the Chocó, Colombia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1869-1889.

van Breugel, M., Hall, J.S., Craven, D., Bailon, M., Hernandez, A., Abbene, M., and van Breugel, P. 2013. Succession of ephemeral secondary forests and their limited role for the conservation of floristic diversity in a human-modified tropical landscape. PLoS ONE 8(12):e82433.

van der Vyver, M.L., Cowling, R.M., Mills, A.J., and Difford, M. 2013. Spontaneous return of biodiversity in restored subtropical thicket: Portulacaria afra as an ecosystem engineer. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):736-744.

Van Wilgenburg, S.L., Hobson, K.A., Bayne, E.M., and Koper, N. 2013. Estimated avian nest loss associated with oil and gas exploration and extraction in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):9.

Vásquez-Carrillo, C., Henry, R.W., Henkel, L., and Peery, M.Z. 2013. Integrating population and genetic monitoring to understand changes in the abundance of a threatened seabird. Biol. Conserv. 167:173-178.

Vedia, I., and Miranda, R. 2013. Review of the state of knowledge of crayfish species in the Iberian Peninsula. Limnetica 32(2):269-285.

Vega-Trejo, R., Trejo, I., Flores-Villela, O.A., and Reynoso, V.H. 2013. Amphibian and reptile community structure in pristine coniferous forests: baseline data for conservation studies. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 8(3):622-640.

Vicente-Arranz, J.C., Parra-Arjona, B., and García-Carrillo, A. 2013. Geographic distribution, biology, habitat and conservation of Thecla betulae (Linnaeus 1758), in the Central Mountain System (Iberian Peninsula) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). SHILAP-Rev. Lepidopt. 41(164):541-557.

Vicente, J.R., Fernandes, R.F., Randin, C.F., Broennimann, O., Gonçalves, J., Marcos, B., Pôças, I., Alves, P., Guisan, A., and Honrado, J.P. 2013. Will climate change drive alien invasive plants into areas of high protection value? An improved model-based regional assessment to prioritise the management of invasions. J. Environ. Manage. 131:185-195.

Victor, J.E., Smith, G.F., Turland, N.J., le Roux, M., Paton, A., Figueiredo, E., Crouch, N.R., van Wyk, A.E., Filer, D., and van Wyk, E. 2014. Creating an Online World Flora by 2020: a perspective from South Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):251-263.

Vignoli, L., Bombi, P., Bologna, M.A., Capizzi, D., and Salvi, D. 2013. Landscape of amphibian diversity in Latium Region: peaks, valleys and gaps of conservation priority. Italian J. Zool. 80(4):586-595.

Vincent, H., Wiersema, J., Kell, S., Fielder, H., Dobbie, S., Castañeda-Álvarez, N.P., Guarino, L., Eastwood, R., León, B., and Maxted, N. 2013. A prioritized crop wild relative inventory to help underpin global food security. Biol. Conserv. 167:265-275.

Volpato, G.H., and Martins, S.V. 2013. The bird community in naturally regenerating Myracrodruon urundeuva (Anacardiaceae) forest in Southeastern Brazil. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61(4):1585-1595.

Vrdoljak, S.M., and Samways, M.J. 2014. Agricultural mosaics maintain significant flower and visiting insect biodiversity in a global hotspot. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):133-148.

Wald, D.M., Jacobson, S.K., and Levy, J.K. 2013. Outdoor cats: identifying differences between stakeholder beliefs, perceived impacts, risk and management. Biol. Conserv. 167:414-424.

Walker, L.K., Armstrong, D.P., Brekke, P., Chauvenet, A.L.M., Kilner, R.M., and Ewen, J.G. 2013. Giving hihi a helping hand: assessment of alternative rearing diets in food supplemented populations of an endangered bird. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):538-545.

Wang, G.D., Middleton, B., and Jiang, M. 2013. Restoration potential of sedge meadows in hand-cultivated soybean fields in northeastern China. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):801-808.

Wang, G.M., Yang, J.C., Jiang, C.D., Jiang, G.M., Yu, J.B., Shao, H.B., Han, G.X., and Gao, Y.J. 2013. Challenge of weed risk assessment (WRA) for ecological restoration in China: the case of Rhus typhina L. and the new officially released weed risk assessment system. Plant Biosyst. 147(4):1166-1174.

Webber, P.A., Bestgen, K.R., and Haines, G.B. 2013. Tributary spawning by endangered Colorado River basin fishes in the White River. North Am. J. Fish. Manag. 33(6):1166-1171.

Weber, N., Weber, S.B., Godley, B.J., Ellick, J., Witt, M., and Broderick, A.C. 2013. Telemetry as a tool for improving estimates of marine turtle abundance. Biol. Conserv. 167:90-96.

Webster, N.I., Keller, W.B., and Ramcharan, C.W. 2013. Restoration of zooplankton communities in industrially damaged lakes: influences of residual metal contamination and the recovery of fish communities. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):785-792.

Weiler, A., Von Holle, B., and Nickerson, D.M. 2013. Reducing biotic and abiotic land-use legacies to restore invaded, abandoned citrus groves. Restor. Ecol. 21(6):755-762.

Welch, J.R., Brondízio, E.S., Hetrick, S.S., and Coimbra, C.E.A. 2013. Indigenous burning as conservation practice: neotropical savanna recovery amid agribusiness deforestation in central Brazil. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81226.

Wielgus, R.B., Morrison, D.E., Cooley, H.S., and Maletzke, B. 2013. Effects of male trophy hunting on female carnivore population growth and persistence. Biol. Conserv. 167:69-75.

Wilhelm-Rechmann, A., Cowling, R.M., and Difford, M. 2014. Using social marketing concepts to promote the integration of systematic conservation plans in land-use planning in South Africa. Oryx 48(1):71-79.

Wilkie, E.M., Bishop, M.J., and O'Connor, W.A. 2013. The density and spatial arrangement of the invasive oyster Crassostrea gigas determines its impact on settlement of native oyster larvae. Ecol. Evol. 3(15):4851-4860.

Williams, S.L., Davidson, I.C., Pasari, J.R., Ashton, G.V., Carlton, J.T., Crafton, R.E., Fontana, R.E., Grosholz, E.D., Miller, A.W., Ruiz, G.M., and Zabin, C.J. 2013. Managing multiple vectors for marine invasions in an increasingly connected world. BioScience 63(12):952-966.

Winnard, A.L., Di Stefano, J., and Coulson, G. 2013. Habitat use of a critically-endangered species in a predator-free but degraded reserve in Australia. Wildlife Biol. 19(4):429-438.

Withey, J.C. 2013. Within-territory use of different land cover types by tropical forest birds in a fragmented landscape. Biol. Conserv. 167:405-413.

Wood, J.R.I. 2013. New records of Malvaceae from the Chiquitania of Eastern Bolivia. Kew Bull. 68(4):609-617.

Woodhouse, E., McGowan, P., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2014. Fungal gold and firewood on the Tibetan plateau: examining access to diverse ecosystem provisioning services within a rural community. Oryx 48(1):30-38.

Yao, T.L. 2013. Nine new species of Thottea (Aristolochiaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, with two taxa in Peninsular Malaysia redefined and a taxon lectotypified. Blumea 58(3):245-262.

Zapponi, L., Del Bianco, M., Luiselli, L., Catorci, A., and Bologna, M.A. 2013. Assessing environmental requirements effects on forest fragmentation sensitivity in two arboreal rodents. Mamm. Biol. 78(3):157-163.

Zhang, J.T., Zhang, B., Li, M., and Zhu, X.Z. 2013. Functional diversity and conservation of Phellodendron amurense communities in the Dongling Mountain of Beijing, China. Bot. Sci. 91(4):505-513.

Zhao, X., Wang, D., Turvey, S.T., Taylor, B., and Akamatsu, T. 2013. Distribution patterns of Yangtze finless porpoises in the Yangtze River: implications for reserve management. Anim. Conserv. 16(5):509-518.

Zhou, X.Y., Jiao, H.W., Dou, Y.S., Aryal, A., Hu, J., Hu, J.C., and Meng, X.X. 2013. The winter habitat selection of red panda (Ailurus fulgens) in the Meigu Dafengding National Nature Reserve, China. Curr. Sci. 105(10):1425-1429.

Zimmer, H.C., Auld, T.D., Benson, J., and Baker, P.J. 2014. Recruitment bottlenecks in the rare Australian conifer Wollemia nobilis. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(1):203-215.

Zimmerling, J.R., Pomeroy, A.C., d'Entremont, M.V., and Francis, C.M. 2013. Canadian estimate of bird mortality due to collisions and direct habitat loss associated with wind turbine developments. Avian Conserv. Ecol. 8(2):10.

Zomlefer, W.B., Chafin, L.G., Carter, J.R., and Giannasi, D.E. 2013. Coefficient of conservatism rankings for the flora of Georgia: wetland indicator species. Southeast. Nat. 12(4):790-808.

**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]