Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 362
February 2015

[PDF Print Version]

In This Issue

Guidance Issued on Pollinator-Friendly Practices on Federal Property

The Smithsonian Butterfly Habitat Garden outside the National Museum of Natural History is an 11,000-square-foot area that supports plant species having specific relationships to the life cycles of eastern United States butterflies. (photo courtesy of Smithsonian Gardens)

The Smithsonian Butterfly Habitat Garden outside the National Museum of Natural History is an 11,000-square-foot area that supports plant species having specific relationships to the life cycles of eastern United States butterflies. (photo courtesy of Smithsonian Gardens)

In June 2014, a Presidential Memorandum entitled, "Creating a Federal Strategy to Promote the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators," called for a revision of the Sustainable Practices for Designed Landscapes guidance on Federal properties. The revised guidance issued in October 2014 by the White House Council on Environmental Quality helps Federal agencies incorporate pollinator-friendly practices in new construction, building renovations, landscaping improvements, and in facility leasing agreements at Federal facilities and on Federal lands. Facility managers can use the updated guidance to actively examine their current buildings, grounds, and practices for opportunities to transition to a richer diversity of pollinator-friendly plant species.

By integrating pollinator-friendly strategies into everyday design, operations, and maintenance activities, Federal agencies can have a big impact. Every day, agency managers make routine decisions that could affect pollinator populations. The easy-to-use guide will help ensure the best possible decisions are made, supporting pollinator health and habitat on millions of acres of Federal land. Additionally, the guide will serve as a valuable resource for further research on pollinators and the plant species that support them.

An inter-agency working group prepared the revised guidance. The working group included representatives from the United States Department of Agriculture and Forest Service, the Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Botanic Garden, the General Services Administration, U.S. Geological Survey, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Interior's Office of Planning and Management, with assistance provided from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Representing the Smithsonian Institution was Gary Krupnick (National Museum of Natural History), and Graham Davis, William Donnelly, James Gagliardi, Jonathan Kavalier, and Jeffrey Schneider (Smithsonian Gardens). The Smithsonian Gardens NMNH Butterfly Habitat Garden and Urban Bird Habitat serve as exemplary models for pollinator-friendly habitat at Federal facilities.

The guidance is available online at

Plant and animal diversity is a sign of a healthy ecosystem. This garden is an oasis for many bird species; it provides for their basic needs; food, water, shelter, and a place to raise their young. (photo courtesy of Smithsonian Gardens)

Plant and animal diversity is a sign of a healthy ecosystem. This garden is an oasis for many bird species; it provides for their basic needs; food, water, shelter, and a place to raise their young. (photo courtesy of Smithsonian Gardens)

Lionfish: Eyewitness to an Underwater Invasion

-Adapted from

Covered in venomous spines the exotic and strikingly banded Indo-Pacific lionfish would be a painful mouthful to any creature that may try to catch and eat it. Brought into the United States by aquarium hobbyists untold years ago, scientists believe a few of these fish were discarded live into the Atlantic off southern Florida sometime around the late 1980s. Now this voracious species is found as far north as Virginia and south to Venezuela. They are spreading still.

A lionfish in Bocas del Toro (Photo by Andrew Sellers)

A lionfish in Bocas del Toro (Photo by Andrew Sellers)

At the Smithsonian's Tropical Research Institute in Panama, Andrew Sellers is turning this invasion into opportunity by examining just what Atlantic parasites are adopting the lionfish as a host.

"Basically, I'm looking at how parasite abundance and diversity in the lionfish varies across latitudes," Sellers explains.  "It has been suggested that invasive species don't do as well in the tropics as they do in temperate areas, the theory being that stronger biotic interactions—competition for food, predators and parasitism—in the tropics may limit the success of an invasive species.

"As lionfish have spread so rapidly across such a broad latitudinal gradient, they make a very good model" says Sellers, who works in the Tropical Research Institute's invasive species lab run by marine biologist Mark Torchin.

In addition to Panama, Sellers has traveled to Florida, Mexico and Belize catching lionfish and closely examining them to see what parasites are living on and inside their bodies. "For external parasites we've found—isopods and turbellaria, a flatworm that infects the gills. We have found that external parasites infecting the lionfish are more diverse at low latitudes," he says.

"Inside the fish we've found both trematodes [worms also known as flukes] and nematodes."

In his analysis Sellers examines and records the condition of each individual fish—size, weight, length—to see if the parasites are having any impact on their health.

"Overall, we are finding the abundance of parasites on the lionfish is pretty low, which is what we'd expect in an invasive species," Sellers continues.

Sellers also has begun looking into lionfish interactions with cleaner fish in the Caribbean. These small fish set up cleaning stations on brain coral heads where other fish—called client fish—congregate to have parasites removed from their bodies.

"What I am looking at is whether potential native competitors to lionfish are receiving a benefit from these cleaner fish that lionfish are not, i.e., parasite removal," Sellers explains. "In general introduced species are believed to harbor fewer parasites than natives, however these cleaners may be affecting this imbalance by removing parasites from the native but not the invader."

Female lionfish reproduce by laying a buoyant egg mass that is fertilized by a male, Sellers explains. The egg mass is then carried off into the ocean currents—a very effective method of dispersal. By 2005 people began seeing lionfish in the Bahamas. "We started seeing them in Panama about 2008, 2009," Sellers says. "Now divers can find them everywhere along the coast from 0 to 300 feet down." Cold water intolerance has limited their spread north along the coast of the United States to just below New York.

"Basically it appears the Atlantic coast of Central and South America is a pretty good place for these fish," Sellers says. "It appears they have plenty of food, no enemies and few parasites."

Current Literature

Abecasis, D., Afonso, P., and Erzini, K. 2014. Combining multispecies home range and distribution models aids assessment of MPA effectiveness. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 513:155-169.

Abeli, T., Rossi, G., Smolders, A.J.P., and Orsenigo, S. 2014. Nitrogen pollution negatively affects Stratiotes aloides in Central-Eastern Europe. Implications for translocation actions. Aquat. Conserv. 24(5):724-729.

Abrahamson, W.G., and Kloet, S.P.V. 2014. The reproduction and ecology of Hypericum edisonianum: an endangered Florida endemic. Castanea 79(3):168-181.

Ackerman, J.D., Falcón, W., Molinari, J., Vega, C., Espino, I., and Cuevas, A.A. 2014. Biotic resistance and invasional meltdown: consequences of acquired interspecific interactions for an invasive orchid, Spathoglottis plicata in Puerto Rico. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2435-2447.

Acreman, M., Arthington, A.H., Colloff, M.J., Couch, C., Crossman, N.D., Dyer, F., Overton, I., Pollino, C.A., Stewardson, M.J., and Young, W. 2014. Environmental flows for natural, hybrid, and novel riverine ecosystems in a changing world. Front. Ecol. Environ. 12(8):466-473.

Adams, V.M., Álvarez-Romero, J.G., Carwardine, J., Cattarino, L., Hermoso, V., Kennard, M.J., Linke, S., Pressey, R.L., and Stoeckl, N. 2014. Planning across freshwater and terrestrial realms: cobenefits and tradeoffs between conservation actions. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):425-440.

Adams, W.M. 2014. The value of valuing nature. Science 346(6209):549-551.

Ahmed, S.E., Lees, A.C., Moura, N.G., Gardner, T.A., Barlow, J., Ferreira, J., and Ewers, R.M. 2014. Road networks predict human influence on Amazonian bird communities. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281(1795):20141742.

Albano, P.G., Bongiovanni, B., D'Occhio, P., and Sabelli, B. 2014. Natural history museums as repositories of endangered diversity: the case of the United States Unionida in the Museo di Zoologia dell'Università di Bologna. Zoosyst. Evol. 90(2):105-111.

Albrecht, C., Foller, K., Clewing, C., Hauffe, T., and Wilke, T. 2014. Invaders versus endemics: alien gastropod species in ancient Lake Ohrid. Hydrobiologia 739(1):163-174.

Almeida-Gomes, M., Siqueira, C.C., Borges, V.N.T., Vrcibradic, D., Fusinatto, L.A., and Rocha, C.F.D. 2014. Herpetofauna of the Reserva Ecológica de Guapiaçu (REGUA) and its surrounding areas, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 14(3):15.

Alofs, K.M., González, A.V., and Fowler, N.L. 2014. Local native plant diversity responds to habitat loss and fragmentation over different time spans and spatial scales. Plant Ecol. 215(10):1139-1151.

Alvarado, S.T., Buisson, E., Rabarison, H., Rajeriarison, C., Birkinshaw, C., and Lowry, P.P. 2014. Comparison of plant communities on the Ibity and Itremo massifs, Madagascar, with contrasting conservation histories and current status. Plant Ecol. Divers. 7(4):497-508.

Andersen, A.N., Ribbons, R.R., Pettit, M., and Parr, C.L. 2014. Burning for biodiversity: highly resilient ant communities respond only to strongly contrasting fire regimes in Australia's seasonal tropics. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1406-1413.

Andersen, D.C., Adair, E.C., Nelson, S.M., and Binkley, D. 2014. Can nitrogen fertilization aid restoration of mature tree productivity in degraded dryland riverine esosystems? Restor. Ecol. 22(5):582-589.

Aragón-Gastélum, J.L., Flores, J., Yáñez-Espinosa, L., Badano, E., Ramírez-Tobías, H.M., Rodas-Ortíz, J.P., and González-Salvatierra, C. 2014. Induced climate change impairs photosynthetic performance in Echinocactus platyacanthus, an especially protected Mexican cactus species. Flora 209(9):499-503.

Araldi, A., Barelli, C., Hodges, K., and Rovero, F. 2014. Density estimation of the endangered Udzungwa red colobus (Procolobus gordonorum) and other arboreal primates in the Udzungwa Mountains using systematic distance sampling. Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):941-956.

Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., and Fahrig, L. 2014. Why is a landscape perspective important in studies of primates? Am. J. Primatol. 76(10):901-909.

Augyte, S., and Pickart, A. 2014. Algal response to removal of the invasive cordgrass Spartina densiflora in a salt marsh at Humboldt Bay, California, USA. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):325-331.

Ausden, M. 2014. Climate change adaptation: putting principles into practice. Environ. Manage. 54(4):685-698.

Avery-Gomm, S., Rosenfeld, J.S., Richardson, J.S., and Pearson, M. 2014. Hydrological drought and the role of refugia in an endangered riffle-dwelling fish, Nooksack dace (Rhinichthys cataractae ssp.). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 71(11):1625-1634.

Bahm, M.A., Barnes, T.G., and Jensen, K.C. 2014. Evaluation of herbicides for control of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea). Nat. Areas J. 34(4):459-464.

Baillie, S.M., Ritchie, P.A., and Brunton, D.H. 2014. Population genetic connectivity of an endemic New Zealand passerine after large-scale local extirpations: a model of re-colonization potential. Ibis 156(4):826-839.

Bainbridge, I. 2014. How can ecologists make conservation policy more evidence based? Ideas and examples from a devolved perspective. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1153-1158.

Barausse, A., Correale, V., Curkovic, A., Finotto, L., Riginella, E., Visentin, E., and Mazzoldi, C. 2014. The role of fisheries and the environment in driving the decline of elasmobranchs in the northern Adriatic Sea. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1593-1603.

Barnes, A.D., Jochum, M., Mumme, S., Haneda, N.F., Farajallah, A., Widarto, T.H., and Brose, U. 2014. Consequences of tropical land use for multitrophic biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Nat. Commun. 5:5351.

Barton, P.S., Westgate, M.J., Lane, P.W., MacGregor, C., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2014. Robustness of habitat-based surrogates of animal diversity: a multitaxa comparison over time. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1434-1443.

Baugh, T. 2014. Management considerations for the restoration of bunched arrowhead Sagittaria fasciculata: an update. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):267-267.

Baugh, T., Schmidt, L.J., and Petite, D. 2014. River Fork Ranch thermal wetland. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):381-384.

Baur, B. 2014. Dispersal-limited species - A challenge for ecological restoration. Basic Appl. Ecol. 15(7):559-564.

Bell, K.L., Heard, T.A., Manion, G., Ferrier, S., and van Klinken, R.D. 2014. Characterising the phytophagous arthropod fauna of a single host plant species: assessing survey completeness at continental and local scales. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):2985-3003.

Benevides, E.A., Vallinoto, M.N.S., Filho, A.F.H., de Souza, J.R.B., Silva-Oliveira, G., Freitas, M.O., Ferreira, B.P., Hostim-Silva, M., Bertoncini, A.A., Blanchard, F., and Torres, R.A. 2014. When physical oceanography meets population genetics: the case study of the genetic/evolutionary discontinuity in the endangered goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara; Perciformes: Epinephelidae) with comments on the conservation of the species. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 56:255-266.

Bertolino, S., Girardello, M., and Amori, G. 2014. Identifying conservation priorities when data are scanty: a case study with small mammals in Italy. Mamm. Biol. 79(6):349-356.

Bezerra, B.M., Bastos, M., Souto, A., Keasey, M.P., Eason, P., Schiel, N., and Jones, G. 2014. Camera trap observations of nonhabituated critically endangered wild blonde capuchins, Sapajus flavius (formerly Cebus flavius). Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):895-907.

Billue, A.K. 2014. Extent of Alabama's terrestrial nature reserve system in representing ecosystem diversity: a coarse-filter gap analysis. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):495-504.

Bird, J.P., Carlile, N., and Miller, M.G.R. 2014. A review of records and research actions for the Critically Endangered Beck's Petrel Pseudobulweria becki. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):287-298.

Black, A.N., Weimann, S.R., Imhoff, V.E., Richter, M.L., and Itzkowitz, M. 2014. A differential prey response to invasive lionfish, Pterois volitans: prey naivete and risk-sensitive courtship. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 460:1-7.

Bogdanović, S., Brullo, S., Rešetnik, I., Lakušić, D., Satovic, Z., and Liber, Z. 2014. Campanula skanderbegii: molecular and morphological evidence of a new Campanula species (Campanulaceae) endemic to Albania. Syst. Bot. 39(4):1250-1260.

Bolton, M., Stanbury, A., Baylis, A.M.M., and Cuthbert, R. 2014. Impact of introduced house mice (Mus musculus) on burrowing seabirds on Steeple Jason and Grand Jason Islands, Falklands, South Atlantic. Polar Biol. 37(11):1659-1668.

Bonetti, M.F., and Wiens, J.J. 2014. Evolution of climatic niche specialization: a phylogenetic analysis in amphibians. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281(1795):20133229.

Boraks, A., and Broders, K.D. 2014. Butternut (Juglans cinerea) health, hybridization, and recruitment in the northeastern United States. Can. J. Forest Res. 44(10):1244-1252.

Borges, L.M., and Pirani, J.R. 2014. When the old guys knew better: the true identity of Mimosa longepedunculata and reestablishment of M. tocantina (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae). Phytotaxa 181(5):261-278.

Bouahim, S., Rhazi, L., Amami, B., Waterkeyn, A., Rhazi, M., Saber, E.R., Zouahri, A., Van den Broeck, M., Muller, S.D., Brendonck, L., and Grillas, P. 2014. Unravelling the impact of anthropogenic pressure on plant communities in Mediterranean temporary ponds. Mar. Freshwater Res. 65(10):918-929.

Bouchard, M., and Garet, J. 2014. A framework to optimize the restoration and retention of large mature forest tracts in managed boreal landscapes. Ecol. Appl. 24(7):1689-1704.

Boyer-Ontl, K.M., and Pruetz, J.D. 2014. Giving the forest eyes: the benefits of using camera traps to study unhabituated chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in southeastern Senegal. Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):881-894.

Brambilla, M., Celada, C., and Gustin, M. 2014. Setting Favourable Habitat Reference Values for breeding birds: general principles and examples for passerine birds. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):263-271.

Brana, S., Vuković, N., and Kaligarič, M. 2014. Least adder's-tongue (Ophioglossum lusitanicum L.) in Croatia - distribution, ecology and conservation. Acta Bot. Croat. 73(2):471-480.

Branco, P., Segurado, P., Santos, J.M., and Ferreira, M.T. 2014. Prioritizing barrier removal to improve functional connectivity of rivers. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1197-1206.

Brigić, A., Vujčić-Karlo, S., Alegro, A., Šegota, V., and Ternjej, I. 2014. Ecology, biology and conservation of Pterostichus rhaeticus Heer, 1837 (Coleoptera: Carabidae) at the edge of its distribution range, in the Western Balkans. Italian J. Zool. 81(4):517-529.

Brown, J.L., Collopy, M.W., and Smallwood, J.A. 2014. Habitat fragmentation reduces occupancy of nest boxes by an open-country raptor. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):364-378.

Burylo, M., Dutoit, T., and Rey, F. 2014. Species traits as practical tools for ecological restoration of marly eroded lands. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):633-640.

Bush, A., Hermoso, V., Linke, S., Nipperess, D., Turak, E., and Hughes, L. 2014. Freshwater conservation planning under climate change: demonstrating proactive approaches for Australian Odonata. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1273-1281.

Butcher, R., and Thiele, K.R. 2014. An investigation of taxon boundaries in rare and range-restricted Synaphea (Proteaceae: Conosperminae) species from south-west Western Australia. Aust. Syst. Bot. 27(2):119-144.

Bylak, A., Kukuła, K., and Mitka, J. 2014. Beaver impact on stream fish life histories: the role of landscape and local attributes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 71(11):1603-1615.

Bylsma, R.J., Clarkson, B.D., and Efford, J.T. 2014. Biological flora of New Zealand 14: Metrosideros excelsa, pohutukawa, New Zealand Christmas tree. New Zeal. J. Bot. 52(3):365-385.

Cabrelli, A.L., Stow, A.J., and Hughes, L. 2014. A framework for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change: a case study of the Australian elapid snakes. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3019-3034.

Campbell, J.W., Starring, A.M., and Smith, G.L. 2014. Flower visitors of Hymenocallis coronaria (rocky shoals spider-lily) of Landsford Canal State Park - South Carolina, USA. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):332-337.

Campos, B.R., and Burnett, R.D. 2014. Avian response to mechanical aspen restoration in Sierra Nevada coniferous forest. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):616-624.

Caners, R.T., and Lieffers, V.J. 2014. Divergent pathways of successional recovery for in situ oil sands exploration drilling pads on wooded moderate-rich fens in Alberta, Canada. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):657-667.

Cánovas, F., De la Rúa, P., Serrano, J., and Galián, J. 2014. Analysis of a contact area between two distinct evolutionary honeybee units: an ecological perspective. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):927-937.

Caperta, A.D., Espírito-Santo, M.D., Silva, V., Ferreira, A., Paes, A.P., Róis, A.S., Costa, J.C., and Arsénio, P. 2014. Habitat specificity of a threatened and endemic, cliff-dwelling halophyte. AoB Plants 6:plu032.

Cardoso, D.B.O.S., Stirton, C.H., and Torke, B.M. 2014. Taxonomy of South American Ormosia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae): recircumscription of O. costulata, reinstatement of O. trifoliolata, and the new species O. lewisii from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Syst. Bot. 39(4):1132-1141.

Cartwright, S.J., Nicoll, M.A.C., Jones, C.G., Tatayah, V., and Norris, K. 2014. Agriculture modifies the seasonal decline of breeding success in a tropical wild bird population. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1387-1395.

Castilla, J.C., Manríquez, P.H., Delgado, A., Ortiz, V., Jara, M.E., and Varas, M. 2014. Rocky intertidal zonation pattern in Antofagasta, Chile: invasive species and shellfish gathering. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110301.

Challender, D.W.S., and MacMillan, D.C. 2014. Poaching is more than an enforcement problem. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):484-494.

Challender, D.W.S., and MacMillan, D.C. 2014. Transforming wildlife trade interventions: reply to Phelps et al. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):497-498.

Chan, F.T., Briski, E., Bailey, S.A., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2014. Richness-abundance relationships for zooplankton in ballast water: temperate versus Arctic comparisons. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1876-1884.

Chapman, S., Mustin, K., Renwick, A.R., Segan, D.B., Hole, D.G., Pearson, R.G., and Watson, J.E.M. 2014. Publishing trends on climate change vulnerability in the conservation literature reveal a predominant focus on direct impacts and long time-scales. Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1221-1228.

Chauvenet, A.L.M., Hutson, A.M., Smith, G.C., and Aegerter, J.N. 2014. Demographic variation in the UK serotine bat: filling gaps in knowledge for management. Ecol. Evol. 4(19):3820-3829.

Chollett, I., Enríquez, S., and Mumby, P.J. 2014. Redefining thermal regimes to design reserves for coral reefs in the face of climate change. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110634.

Christe, C., Kozlowski, G., Frey, D., Fazan, L., Bétrisey, S., Pirintsos, S., Gratzfeld, J., and Naciri, Y. 2014. Do living ex situ collections capture the genetic variation of wild populations? A molecular analysis of two relict tree species, Zelkova abelica and Zelkova carpinifolia. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):2945-2959.

Christopher, C.C., Matter, S.F., and Cameron, G.N. 2014. Individual and interactive effects of Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on herbs in a deciduous forest in the eastern United States. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2247-2261.

Chung, Y.A., Burkle, L.A., and Knight, T.M. 2014. Minimal effects of an invasive flowering shrub on the pollinator community of native forbs. PLoS ONE 9(10):e109088.

Çinar, M.E., and Bakir, K. 2014. ALien Biotic IndEX (ALEX) - A new index for assessing impacts of alien species on benthic communities. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 87(1-2):171-179.

Cliquet, A. 2014. International and European law on protected areas and climate change: need for adaptation or implementation? Environ. Manage. 54(4):720-731.

Cóbar-Carranza, A.J., García, R.A., Pauchard, A., and Peña, E. 2014. Effect of Pinus contorta invasion on forest fuel properties and its potential implications on the fire regime of Araucaria araucana and Nothofagus antarctica forests. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2273-2291.

Coelho, D., Hughes, S.J., Varandas, S., and Cortes, R.M.V. 2014. Conservation benefits of riparian buffers in urban areas: the case of the Rio Corgo (north Portugal). Fund. Appl. Limnol. 185(1):55-70.

Corbalan, V., Debandi, G., Martinez, F., and Ubeda, C. 2014. Prolonged larval development in the Critically Endangered Pehuenche's frog Alsodes pehuenche: implications for conservation. Amphibia-Reptilia 35(3):283-292.

Costantini, D., Dell'Omo, G., La Fata, I., and Casagrande, S. 2014. Reproductive performance of Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus in an agricultural landscape with a mosaic of land uses. Ibis 156(4):768-776.

Couto, R.S., Tenorio, V., Alzer, F.D.C., Lopes, R.C., Vieira, R.C., Mendonça, C.B.F., Gonçalves-Esteves, V., and Braga, J.M.A. 2014. Taxonomic revision of the Dioscorea campestris species assemblage (Dioscoreaceae). Syst. Bot. 39(4):1056-1069.

Cruz-Sánchez, M.A., Asis, J.D., González, J.A., Tormos, J., and Gayubo, S.F. 2014. Wildfires: its influence on the diversity parameters of predatory-insect communities in a Mediterranean agroecosystem of European interest. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):903-908.

Crystal, P.A., and Jacobs, D.F. 2014. Drought and flood stress tolerance of butternut (Juglans cinerea) and naturally occurring hybrids: implications for restoration. Can. J. Forest Res. 44(10):1206-1216.

da Costa, C.M.Q., Barretto, J.W., and de Moura, R.D. 2014. Changes in the dung beetle community in response to restinga forest degradation. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):895-902.

da Silva, E.C., and Omena, E.P. 2014. Population dynamics and reproductive biology of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Salvador - Bahia. Biota Neotrop. 14(3):11.

Da Silva-Gonçalves, K.C., Baumgratz, J.F.A., and Nunes-Freitas, A.F. 2014. Melastomataceae in a continental Atlantic Forest island from southeastern Brazil. Phytotaxa 183(2):61-92.

da Silva, I.A.A., Pereira, A.F.D., and Barros, I.C.L. 2014. Fragmentation and loss of habitat: consequences for the fern communities in Atlantic forest remnants in Alagoas, north-eastern Brazil. Plant Ecol. Divers. 7(4):509-517.

da Silva, M.J., and Antunes, L.L.C. 2014. An update of the Brazilian species of Aeschynomene sect. Ochopodium ser. Viscidulae including a new species and a new synonym. Phytotaxa 184(1):31-38.

da Silva, M.J., Ramos, T.P.A., Diniz, V.D., Ramos, R.T.D., and Medeiros, E.S.F. 2014. Ichthyofauna of Seridó/Borborema: a semi-arid region of Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 14(3):6.

da Silva, R.A., Rocha, J., Silva, A., García-Cabral, I., Amich, F., and Crespí, A.L. 2014. The Iberian species of Scilia (Subfamily Scilloideae, Family Asparagaceae) under climatic change scenarios in southwestern Europe. Syst. Bot. 39(4):1083-1098.

Dalerum, F. 2014. Identifying the role of conservation biology for solving the environmental crisis. Ambio 43(7):839-846.

Dalmolim, E.B., and Zanin, A. 2014. A new species of Bothriochloa (Poaceae, Andropogoneae) endemic to montane grasslands of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Phytotaxa 183(1):44-50.

Dar, P.A., and Reshi, Z.A. 2015. Do alien plant invasions cause biotic homogenization of terrestrial ecosystems in the Kashmir Valley, India? Trop. Ecol. 56(1):111-123.

Davidson, N.C. 2014. How much wetland has the world lost? Long-term and recent trends in global wetland area. Mar. Freshwater Res. 65(10):934-941.

Davies, K.W., and Bates, J.D. 2014. Attempting to restore herbaceous understories in Wyoming big sagebrush communities with mowing and seeding. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):608-615.

de Oliveira, S.G., Alfaro, J.W.L., and Veiga, L.M. 2014. Activity budget, diet, and habitat use in the critically endangered Ka'apor capuchin monkey (Cebus kaapori) in Pará State, Brazil: a preliminary comparison to other capuchin monkeys. Am. J. Primatol. 76(10):919-931.

de Souza, R.A., and De Marco, P. 2014. The use of species distribution models to predict the spatial distribution of deforestation in the western Brazilian Amazon. Ecol. Model. 291:250-259.

Dearborn, K., and Westwood, R. 2014. Predicting adult emergence of Dakota skipper and Poweshiek skipperling (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in Canada. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):875-884.

Dekker, D. 2014. The effect of water diversions and drought in the drying-up of Beaverhills Lake, a 140 km2 Ramsar wetland in central Alberta. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):346-352.

dela Cruz, D.W., Villanueva, R.D., and Baria, M.V.B. 2014. Community-based, low-tech method of restoring a lost thicket of Acropora corals. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1866-1875.

Dela Cruz, M.P., Beauchamp, V.B., Shafroth, P.B., Decker, C., and O'Neil, A. 2014. Adaptive restoration of river terrace vegetation through iterative experiments. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):475-487.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Ferreira, C., Rouco, C., Villafuerte, R., and Barrio, I.C. 2014. Conservationists, hunters and farmers: the European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus management conflict in the Iberian Peninsula. Mammal Rev. 44(3-4):190-203.

DellaSala, D.A., Bond, M.L., Hanson, C.T., Hutto, R.L., and Odion, D.C. 2014. Complex early seral forests of the Sierra Nevada: what are they and how can they be managed for ecological integrity? Nat. Areas J. 34(3):310-324.

Demerdzhiev, D., Hristov, H., Dobrev, D., Angelov, I., and Kurtev, M. 2014. Long-term population status, breeding parameters and limiting factors of the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus Hablizl, 1783) population in the Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 66(3):373-384.

Demerdzhiev, D.A. 2014. Factors influencing bird mortality caused by power lines within special protected areas and undertaken conservation efforts. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 66(3):411-423.

Desserud, P.A., and Naeth, M.A. 2014. Predicting grassland recovery with a state and transition model in a natural area, central Alberta, Canada. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):429-442.

Dittrich, S., Jacob, M., Bade, C., Leuschner, C., and Hauck, M. 2014. The significance of deadwood for total bryophyte, lichen, and vascular plant diversity in an old-growth spruce forest. Plant Ecol. 215(10):1123-1137.

Donald, P.F., Hla, H., Win, L., Aung, T.D., Moses, S., Zaw, S.M., Ag, T.T., Oo, K.N., and Eames, J.C. 2014. The distribution and conservation of Gurney's Pitta Pitta gurneyi in Myanmar. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):354-363.

Doody, J.S., Mayes, P., Clulow, S., Rhind, D., Green, B., Castellano, C.M., D'Amore, D., and McHenry, C. 2014. Impacts of the invasive cane toad on aquatic reptiles in a highly modified ecosystem: the importance of replicating impact studies. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2303-2309.

dos Reis, E.P., Salomão, T.M.F., Campos, L.A.D., and Tavares, M.G. 2014. Genetic diversity and structure of Atta robusta (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Attini), an endangered species endemic to the restinga ecoregion. Genet. Mol. Biol. 37(3):581-586.

Eberhart-Phillips, L.J., and Colwell, M.A. 2014. Conservation challenges of a sink: the viability of an isolated population of the Snowy Plover. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):327-341.

Edwards, H.H., Stone, S.B.P., Hines, E.M., Gomez, N.A., and Winning, B.E. 2014. Documenting manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) presence at Turneffe Atoll, Belize, Central America and its conservation significance. Caribbean J. Sci. 48(1):71-75.

Ehrlich, P.R. 2014. Conservation biology and the endarkenment. Ambio 43(7):847-848.

Elkinton, J.S., Liebhold, A., Boettner, G.H., and Sremac, M. 2014. Invasion spread of Operophtera brumata in northeastern United States and hybridization with O. bruceata. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2263-2272.

Elliot, N.B., Cushman, S.A., Macdonald, D.W., and Loveridge, A.J. 2014. The devil is in the dispersers: predictions of landscape connectivity change with demography. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1169-1178.

Elston, D.A., Spezia, L., Baines, D., and Redpath, S.M. 2014. Working with stakeholders to reduce conflict - modelling the impact of varying hen harrier Circus cyaneus densities on red grouse Lagopus lagopus populations. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1236-1245.

Emde, S., Kochmann, J., Kuhn, T., Plath, M., and Klimpel, S. 2014. Getting what is served? Feeding ecology influencing parasite-host interactions in invasive round goby Neogobius melanostomus. PLoS ONE 9(10):e109971.

Ernesto, M.V., Ramos, E.F., Moura, F.M.D., and Vasconcellos, A. 2014. High termite richness in an urban fragment of Atlantic Forest in northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 14(3):6.

Everest, D.J., Shuttleworth, C.M., Stidworthy, M.F., Grierson, S.S., Duff, J.P., and Kenward, R.E. 2014. Adenovirus: an emerging factor in red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris conservation. Mammal Rev. 44(3-4):225-233.

Evtimova, V.V., and Donohue, I. 2014. Quantifying ecological responses to amplified water level fluctuations in standing waters: an experimental approach. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1282-1291.

Eziz, M., Yimit, H., Tursun, Z., and Rusuli, Y. 2014. Variations in ecosystem service value in response to oasis land-use change in Keriya Oasis, Tarim Basin, China. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):353-364.

Fa, J.E., Olivero, J., Farfán, M.Á., Márquez, A.L., Vargas, J.M., Real, R., and Nasi, R. 2014. Integrating sustainable hunting in biodiversity protection in Central Africa: hot spots, weak spots, and strong spots. PLoS ONE 9(11):e112367.

Faden, M. 2014. New explanation for invasive species. Front. Ecol. Environ. 12(9):486.

Farris, Z.J., Karpanty, S.M., Ratelolahy, F., and Kelly, M.J. 2014. Predator-primate distribution, activity, and co-occurrence in relation to habitat and human activity across fragmented and contiguous forests in northeastern Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):859-880.

Feilhauer, H., Dahlke, C., Doktor, D., Lausch, A., Schmidtlein, S., Schulz, G., and Stenzel, S. 2014. Mapping the local variability of Natura 2000 habitats with remote sensing. Appl. Veg. Sci. 17(4):765-779.

Fenker, J., Tedeschi, L.G., Pyron, R.A., and Nogueira, C.D. 2014. Phylogenetic diversity, habitat loss and conservation in South American pitvipers (Crotalinae: Bothrops and Bothrocophias). Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1108-1119.

Fenolio, D.B., Niemiller, M.L., Bonett, R.M., Graening, G.O., Collier, B.A., and Stout, J.F. 2014. Life history, demography, and the influence of cave-roosting bats on a population of the Grotto salamander (Eurycea spelaea) from the Ozark Plateaus of Oklahoma (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 9(2):394-405.

Ferrer, M., Newton, I., Muriel, R., Báguena, G., Bustamante, J., Martini, M., and Morandini, V. 2014. Using manipulation of density-dependent fecundity to recover an endangered species: the bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus as an example. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1255-1263.

Fiedler, C.E., and McKinney, S.T. 2014. Forest structure, health, and mortality in two Rocky Mountain whitebark pine ecosystems: implications for restoration. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):290-299.

Fischman, R.L., Meretsky, V.J., Babko, A., Kennedy, M., Liu, L., Robinson, M., and Wambugu, S. 2014. Planning for adaptation to climate change: lessons from the US National Wildlife Refuge System. BioScience 64(11):993-1005.

Fleishman, E., Thomson, J.R., Kalies, E.L., Dickson, B.G., Dobkin, D.S., and Leu, M. 2014. Projecting current and future location, quality, and connectivity of habitat for breeding birds in the Great Basin. Ecosphere 5(7):82.

Flores, O., Hérault, B., Delcamp, M., Garnier, É., and Gourlet-Fleury, S. 2014. Functional traits help predict post-disturbance demography of tropical trees. PLoS ONE 9(9):e105022.

Fojcik, B., and Stebel, A. 2014. The diversity of moss flora of Katowice town (S Poland). Cryptogamie Bryol. 35(4):373-385.

Francis, T.B., Wolkovich, E.M., Scheuerell, M.D., Katz, S.L., Holmes, E.E., and Hampton, S.E. 2014. Shifting regimes and changing interactions in the Lake Washington, USA, plankton community from 1962-1994. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110363.

Freeman, E.D., Sharp, T.R., Larsen, R.T., Knight, R.N., Slater, S.J., and McMillan, B.R. 2014. Negative effects of an exotic grass invasion on small-mammal communities. PLoS ONE 9(9):e108843.

Fresard, M., and Ropars-Collet, C. 2014. Sustainable harvest of a native species and control of an invasive species: a bioeconomic model of a commercial fishery invaded by a space competitor. Ecol. Econ. 106:1-11.

Fridley, J.D., and Sax, D.F. 2014. The imbalance of nature: revisiting a Darwinian framework for invasion biology. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 23(11):1157-1166.

Funk, S.M., and Rusowsky, D. 2014. The importance of cultural knowledge and scale for analysing internet search data as a proxy for public interest toward the environment. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3101-3112.

Galbraith, H., DesRochers, D.W., Brown, S., and Reed, J.M. 2014. Predicting vulnerabilities of North American shorebirds to climate change. PLoS ONE 9(9):e108899.

Gallé, R., Maák, I., and Szpisjak, N. 2014. The effects of habitat parameters and forest age on the ground dwelling spiders of lowland poplar forests (Hungary). J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):791-799.

Gallien, L., Carboni, M., and Münkemüller, T. 2014. Identifying the signal of environmental filtering and competition in invasion patterns - a contest of approaches from community ecology. Method. Ecol. Evol. 5(10):1002-1011.

Galligan, T.H., Amano, T., Prakash, V.M., Kulkarni, M., Shringarpure, R., Prakash, N., Ranade, S., Green, R.E., and Cuthbert, R.J. 2014. Have population declines in Egyptian Vulture and Red-headed Vulture in India slowed since the 2006 ban on veterinary diclofenac? Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):272-281.

Galvis, N., Link, A., and Di Fiore, A. 2014. A novel use of camera traps to study demography and life history in wild animals: a case study of spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth). Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):908-918.

Garbuzov, M., and Ratnieks, F.L.W. 2014. Listmania: the strengths and weaknesses of lists of garden plants to help pollinators. BioScience 64(11):1019-1026.

Germanov, E.S., and Marshall, A.D. 2014. Running the gauntlet: regional movement patterns of Manta alfredi through a complex of parks and fisheries. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110071.

Geroff, R.K., Gibbs, J., and McCravy, K.W. 2014. Assessing bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) diversity of an Illinois restored tallgrass prairie: methodology and conservation considerations. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):951-964.

Ghimire, H.R., and Shah, K.B. 2014. Status and habitat ecology of the yellow monitor, Varanus flavescens, in the southeastern part of Kanchanpur District, Nepal. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 9(2):387-393.

Giannini, H.C., and Heinen, J.T. 2014. Miami-Dade county's environmentally endangered lands covenant program: creating protected areas on private lands via financial incentives. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):338-345.

Gibbs, J.P., Hunter, E.A., Shoemaker, K.T., Tapia, W.H., and Cayot, L.J. 2014. Demographic outcomes and ecosystem implications of giant tortoise reintroduction to Española Island, Galapagos. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110742.

Gilbert, J.D., de Vicente, I., Jiménez-Melero, R., Parra, G., and Guerrero, F. 2014. Selecting priority conservation areas based on zooplankton diversity: the case of Mediterranean wetlands. Mar. Freshwater Res. 65(10):857-871.

Gilbert, M., Tingay, R., Losolmaa, J., Sureda, N., Gilbert, C., Batmunkh, D., and Gombobaatar, S. 2014. Distribution and status of the Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus in Mongolia: a cause for conservation concern? Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):379-388.

Gilroy, J.J., Edwards, F.A., Uribe, C.A.M., Haugaasen, T., and Edwards, D.P. 2014. Surrounding habitats mediate the trade-off between land-sharing and land-sparing agriculture in the tropics. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1337-1346.

Gioria, M., and Osborne, B.A. 2014. Resource competition in plant invasions: emerging patterns and research needs. Front. Plant Sci. 5:501.

Glaw, F., Rösler, H., Ineich, I., Gehring, P.S., Köhler, J., and Vences, M. 2014. A new species of nocturnal gecko (Paroedura) from karstic limestone in northern Madagascar. Zoosyst. Evol. 90(2):249-259.

Godar, J., Gardner, T.A., Tizado, E.J., and Pacheco, P. 2014. Actor-specific contributions to the deforestation slowdown in the Brazilian Amazon. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111(43):15591-15596.

Goncalves, E., Herrera, I., Duarte, M., Bustamante, R.O., Lampo, M., Velásquez, G., Sharma, G.P., and García-Rangel, S. 2014. Global invasion of Lantana camara: has the climatic niche been conserved across continents? PLoS ONE 9(10):e111468.

González-Maya, J.F., Castañeda, F., González, R., Pacheco, J., and Ceballos, G. 2014. Distribution, range extension, and conservation of the endemic black-headed bushmaster (Lachesis melanocephala) in Costa Rica and Panama. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 9(2):369-377.

Gosselin, J., Zedrosser, A., Swenson, J.E., and Pelletier, F. 2014. The relative importance of direct and indirect effects of hunting mortality on the population dynamics of brown bears. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 282(1798):9.

Greenberg, C.H., Franzreb, K.E., Keyser, T.L., Zarnoch, S.J., Simon, D.M., and Warburton, G.S. 2014. Short-term response of breeding birds to oak regeneration treatments in upland hardwood forest. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):409-422.

Griffith, A.B. 2014. Secondary dispersal in Aeschynomene virginica: do floating seeds really find a new home? Nat. Areas J. 34(4):488-494.

Groom, S.V.C., Ngo, H.T., Rehan, S.M., Skelton, P., Stevens, M.I., and Schwarz, M.P. 2014. Multiple recent introductions of apid bees into Pacific archipelagos signify potentially large consequences for both agriculture and indigenous ecosystems. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2293-2302.

Grootjans, A., Iturraspe, R., Fritz, C., Moen, A., and Joosten, H. 2014. Mires and mire types of Peninsula Mitre, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Mires Peat 14:1.

Gruss, A., Robinson, J., Heppell, S.S., Heppell, S.A., and Semmens, B.X. 2014. Conservation and fisheries effects of spawning aggregation marine protected areas: what we know, where we should go, and what we need to get there. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1515-1534.

Guo, Q.F. 2014. Plant hybridization: the role of human disturbance and biological invasion. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1345-1354.

Habel, J.C., Eggermont, H., Günter, S., Mulwa, R.K., Rieckmann, M., Koh, L.P., Niassy, S., Ferguson, J.W.H., Gebremichael, G., Githiru, M., Weisser, W.W., and Lens, L. 2014. Towards more equal footing in north-south biodiversity research: European and sub-Saharan viewpoints. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3143-3148.

Hammer, D., Kraft, R., and Wheeler, D. 2014. Alerts of forest disturbance from MODIS imagery. Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. 33:1-9.

Harris, L., Campbell, E.E., Nel, R., and Schoeman, D. 2014. Rich diversity, strong endemism, but poor protection: addressing the neglect of sandy beach ecosystems in coastal conservation planning. Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1120-1135.

He, D.M., Wu, R.D., Feng, Y., Li, Y.G., Ding, C.Z., Wang, W.L., and Yu, D.W. 2014. China's transboundary waters: new paradigms for water and ecological security through applied ecology. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1159-1168.

Helmstedt, K.J., Possingham, H.P., Brennan, K.E.C., Rhodes, J.R., and Bode, M. 2014. Cost-efficient fenced reserves for conservation: single large or two small? Ecol. Appl. 24(7):1780-1792.

Hernández-Baz, F., González, J.M., and Lara, M.B. 2014. Geographic range expansion of Leucotmemis pardalimacula Dyar, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctinae: Euchromiina) with notes about its conservation in Mexico. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 90(3):147-152.

Higgs, E., Falk, D.A., Guerrini, A., Hall, M., Harris, J., Hobbs, R.J., Jackson, S.T., Rhemtulla, J.M., and Throop, W. 2014. The changing role of history in restoration ecology. Front. Ecol. Environ. 12(9):499-506.

Hill, M.J., and Wood, P.J. 2014. The macroinvertebrate biodiversity and conservation value of garden and field ponds along a rural-urban gradient. Fund. Appl. Limnol. 185(1):107-119.

Hilszczański, J., Jaworski, T., Plewa, R., and Jansson, N. 2014. Surrogate tree cavities: boxes with artificial substrate can serve as temporary habitat for Osmoderma barnabita (Motsch.) (Coleoptera, Cetoniinae). J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):855-861.

Hobbs, J.J., Krzywinski, K., Andersen, G.L., Talib, M., Pierce, R.H., and Saadallah, A.E.M. 2014. Acacia trees on the cultural landscapes of the Red Sea Hills. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):2923-2943.

Hock, K., Wolff, N.H., Condie, S.A., Anthony, K.R.N., and Mumby, P.J. 2014. Connectivity networks reveal the risks of crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks on the Great Barrier Reef. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1188-1196.

Holmquist, J.G., Schmidt-Gengenbach, J., and Demetry, A. 2014. Efficacy of low and high complexity vegetation treatments for reestablishing terrestrial arthropod assemblages during montane wetland restoration. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):649-656.

Homburg, K., Brandt, P., Drees, C., and Assmann, T. 2014. Evolutionarily significant units in a flightless ground beetle show different climate niches and high extinction risk due to climate change. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):781-790.

Hooton, N., Miller, D.L., Thetford, M., and Claypool, B.S. 2014. Survival and growth of planted Uniola paniculata and dune building using surrogate wrack on Perdido Key Florida, USA. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):701-707.

Houser, J.D., Ginsberg, H., and Jakob, E.M. 2014. Competition between introduced and native spiders (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Biol. Invasions 16(11):2479-2488.

Hu, M.L., Zhou, H.M., Wu, Z.Q., Ouyang, S., and Chen, C.Q. 2014. Freshwater fish species richness and conservation of mountain streams in the Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve, China. Eco. Mont. 6(2):37-42.

Hu, X.S., Wu, C.Z., Hong, W., Qiu, R.Z., Li, J., and Hong, T. 2014. Forest cover change and its drivers in the upstream area of the Minjiang River, China. Ecol. Indic. 46:121-128.

Hu, Z.Y., Lin, L., Deng, J.F., and Wang, S.H. 2014. Genetic diversity and differentiation among populations of Bretschneidera sinensis (Bretschneideraceae), a narrowly distributed and endemic species in China, detected by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 56:104-110.

Huang, X.Y., Lu, M., and Chen, J.K. 2014. Applications of systematic approaches in freshwater conservation planning. Chinese Sci. Bull. 59(32):4256-4270.

Huang, Y., Wu, X., Li, Y.H., and Liao, W.B. 2014. Global warming, body size and conservation in a Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lizard. Herp. J. 24(3):161-166.

Hubenov, Z. 2014. Zoogeography of the free-living metazoan invertebrate animals (Metazoa: Invertebrata) from the Bulgarian sector of the Black Sea and the coastal brackish basins. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 66(3):329-346.

Hulme, P.E. 2014. Bridging the knowing-doing gap: know-who, know-what, know-why, know-how and know-when. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1131-1136.

Hulme, P.E., Pyšek, P., Pergl, J., Jarošík, V., Schaffner, U., and Vila, M. 2014. Greater focus needed on alien plant impacts in protected areas. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):459-466.

Ilhéu, M., Matono, P., and Bernardo, J.M. 2014. Invasibility of Mediterranean-climate rivers by non-native fish: the importance of environmental drivers and human pressures. PLoS ONE 9(11):e109694.

Imong, I., Robbins, M.M., Mundry, R., Bergl, R., and Kühl, H.S. 2014. Informing conservation management about structural versus functional connectivity: a case-study of Cross River gorillas. Am. J. Primatol. 76(10):978-988.

Ivajnšič, D., and Kaligarič, M. 2014. How to preserve coastal wetlands, threatened by climate change-driven rises in sea level. Environ. Manage. 54(4):671-684.

Jabis, M.D., and Ayers, T.J. 2014. Habitat suitability as a limiting factor for establishment in a narrow endemic: Abronia alpina (Nyctaginaceae). West. N. Am. Naturalist 74(2):185-200.

Jensen, E.L., Govindarajulu, P., Madsen, J., and Russello, M.A. 2014. Extirpation by introgression?: Genetic evidence reveals hybridization between introduced Chrysemys picta and endangered western painted turtles (C. p. bellii) in British Columbia. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 9(2):342-353.

Jiang, P.H., Cheng, L., Li, M.C., Zhao, R.F., and Huang, Q.H. 2014. Analysis of landscape fragmentation processes and driving forces in wetlands in arid areas: a case study of the middle reaches of the Heihe River, China. Ecol. Indic. 46:240-252.

Joly, C.A., Metzger, J.P., and Tabarelli, M. 2014. Experiences from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: ecological findings and conservation initiatives. New Phytol. 204(3):459-473.

Jones, L.C., Schwinning, S., and Esque, T.C. 2014. Seedling ecology and restoration of blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) in the Mojave Desert, United States. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):692-700.

Kalcic, M., Prokopy, L., Frankenberger, J., and Chaubey, I. 2014. An in-depth examination of farmers' perceptions of targeting conservation practices. Environ. Manage. 54(4):795-813.

Kang, D.W., Wang, X.R., Yang, H.W., Duan, L.J., and Li, J.Q. 2014. Habitat use by giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in relation to roads in the Wanglang Nature Reserve, People's Republic of China. Can. J. Zool. 92(8):715-719.

Kaplan, Z., Šumberová, K., Formanová, I., and Ducháček, M. 2014. Re-establishment of an extinct population of the endangered aquatic plant Potamogeton coloratus. Aquat. Bot. 119:91-99.

Kapuscinski, K.L., Farrell, J.M., Stehman, S.V., Boyer, G.L., Fernando, D.D., Teece, M.A., and Tschaplinski, T.J. 2014. Selective herbivory by an invasive cyprinid, the rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus. Freshwater Biol. 59(11):2315-2327.

Kareiva, P., Groves, C., and Marvier, M. 2014. The evolving linkage between conservation science and practice at The Nature Conservancy. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1137-1147.

Karnauskas, M., and Babcock, E.A. 2014. An analysis of indicators for the detection of effects of marine reserve protection on fish communities. Ecol. Indic. 46:454-465.

Kavembe, G.D., Machado-Schiaffino, G., and Meyer, A. 2014. Pronounced genetic differentiation of small, isolated and fragmented tilapia populations inhabiting the Magadi Soda Lake in Kenya. Hydrobiologia 739(1):55-71.

Khorozyan, I. 2014. Morphological variation and sexual dimorphism of the common leopard (Panthera pardus) in the Middle East and their implications for species taxonomy and conservation. Mamm. Biol. 79(6):398-405.

Kim, J.Y., Do, Y., Im, R.Y., Kim, G.Y., and Joo, G.J. 2014. Use of large web-based data to identify public interest and trends related to endangered species. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):2961-2984.

Kim, M.K., Daigle, J.J., and Gooding, A. 2014. Vegetation cover change detection by satellite imagery on Cadillac Mountain, Acadia National Park, Maine, USA: does it have potential for hiking trail management? Nat. Areas J. 34(3):282-289.

Kissel, A.M., Palen, W.J., Govindarajulu, P., and Bishop, C.A. 2014. Quantifying ecological life support: the biological efficacy of alternative supplementation strategies for imperiled amphibian populations. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):441-450.

Knutson, K.C., Pyke, D.A., Wirth, T.A., Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., Brooks, M.L., Chambers, J.C., and Grace, J.B. 2014. Long-term effects of seeding after wildfire on vegetation in Great Basin shrubland ecosystems. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1414-1424.

Koch, A., and Schulz, S. 2014. First record of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from Gunung Mulu National Park, Northern Sarawak, East Malaysia may represent an undescribed species. Asian Herpetol. Res. 5(3):209-212.

Kolipinski, M., Borish, S., Scott, A., Kozlowski, K., and Ghosh, S. 2014. Bison: yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):365-375.

Köppel, J., Dahmen, M., Helfrich, J., Schuster, E., and Bulling, L. 2014. Cautious but committed: moving toward adaptive planning and operation strategies for renewable energy's wildlife implications. Environ. Manage. 54(4):744-755.

Kormos, R., Kormos, C.F., Humle, T., Lanjouw, A., Rainer, H., Victurine, R., Mittermeier, R.A., Diallo, M.S., Rylands, A.B., and Williamson, E.A. 2014. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies. PLoS ONE 9(11):e111671.

Kpan, T.F., Adeba, P.J., Kouamé, N.G., Koné, I., Kouassi, K.P., and Rodel, M.O. 2014. The anuran fauna of a Volunteer Nature Reserve: the Tanoe-Ehy Swamp Forests, south-eastern Ivory Coast, West Africa. Zoosyst. Evol. 90(2):261-270.

Kumara, H.N., Sasi, R., Suganthasakthivel, R., Singh, M., Sushma, H.S., Ramachandran, K.K., and Kaumanns, W. 2014. Distribution, demography, and conservation of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) in the Anamalai Hills landscape, Western Ghats, India. Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):976-989.

Kumara, H.N., Singh, M., Sharma, A.K., Santhosh, K., and Pal, A. 2014. Impact of forest fragment size on between-group encounters in lion-tailed macaques. Primates 55(4):543-548.

Kundel, D., van Kleunen, M., and Dawson, W. 2014. Invasion by Solidago species has limited impacts on soil seed bank communities. Basic Appl. Ecol. 15(7):573-580.

Kuttner, M., Schneidergruber, A., and Wrbka, T. 2014. Do landscape patterns reflect ecosystem service provision? - A comparison between protected and unprotected areas throughout the Lake Neusiedl region. Eco. Mont. 6(2):13-20.

Larson, E.R., Gallagher, R.V., Beaumont, L.J., and Olden, J.D. 2014. Generalized "avatar" niche shifts improve distribution models for invasive species. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1296-1306.

Larson, J.L., Kesheimer, A.J., and Potter, D.A. 2014. Pollinator assemblages on dandelions and white clover in urban and suburban lawns. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):863-873.

Last, L., Arndorfer, M., Balázs, K., Dennis, P., Dyman, T., Fjellstad, W., Friedel, J.K., Herzog, F., Jeanneret, P., Lüscher, G., Moreno, G., Kwikiriza, N., Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M.G., Pointereau, P., Sarthou, J.P., Stoyanova, S., Wolfrum, S., and Kölliker, R. 2014. Indicators for the on-farm assessment of crop cultivar and livestock breed diversity: a survey-based participatory approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3051-3071.

Lawing, A.M., and Matzke, N.J. 2014. Conservation paleobiology needs phylogenetic methods. Ecography 37(11):1109-1122.

Lawton, R.N., and Rudd, M.A. 2014. A narrative policy approach to environmental conservation. Ambio 43(7):849-857.

Lazzaro, L., Giuliani, C., Fabiani, A., Agnelli, A.E., Pastorelli, R., Lagomarsino, A., Benesperi, R., Calamassi, R., and Foggi, B. 2014. Soil and plant changing after invasion: the case of Acacia dealbata in a Mediterranean ecosystem. Sci. Total Environ. 497:491-498.

Lee, J.S.H., Garcia-Ulloa, J., Ghazoul, J., Obidzinski, K., and Koh, L.P. 2014. Modelling environmental and socio-economic trade-offs associated with land-sparing and land-sharing approaches to oil palm expansion. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1366-1377.

Leege, L.M., and Kilgore, J.S. 2014. Recovery of foredune and blowout habitats in a freshwater dune following removal of invasive Austrian pine (Pinus nigra). Restor. Ecol. 22(5):641-648.

Lefcort, H., and Lefcort, C. 2014. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) seeds are still viable after laundry cycle. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):505-508.

Lehmann, G.U.C., Frommolt, K.H., Lehmann, A.W., and Riede, K. 2014. Baseline data for automated acoustic monitoring of Orthoptera in a Mediterranean landscape, the Hymettos, Greece. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):909-925.

Leroy, B., Le Viol, I., and Pétillon, J. 2014. Complementarity of rarity, specialisation and functional diversity metrics to assess community responses to environmental changes, using an example of spider communities in salt marshes. Ecol. Indic. 46:351-357.

Lewis, M.B., and Schupp, E.W. 2014. Reproductive ecology of the endangered Utah endemic Hesperidanthus suffrutescens with implications for conservation. Am. Midl. Nat. 172(2):236-251.

Lhotte, A., Affre, L., and Saatkamp, A. 2014. Are there contrasted impacts of urbanization and land uses on population persistence? The case of Teucrium pseudochamaepitys, an endangered species in Southern France. Flora 209(9):484-490.

Lion, M.B., Garda, A.A., and Fonseca, C.R. 2014. Split distance: a key landscape metric shaping amphibian populations and communities in forest fragments. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1245-1257.

Lobe, J.W., Callaham, M.A., Hendrix, P.F., and Hanula, J.L. 2014. Removal of an invasive shrub (Chinese privet: Ligustrum sinense Lour) reduces exotic earthworm abundance and promotes recovery of native North American earthworms. Appl. Soil Ecol. 83:133-139.

Long, Q., Foster, B.L., and Kindscher, K. 2014. Seed and microsite limitations mediate stochastic recruitment in a low-diversity prairie restoration. Plant Ecol. 215(11):1287-1298.

Lookingbill, T.R., Minor, E.S., Bukach, N., Ferrari, J.R., and Wainger, L.A. 2014. Incorporating risk of reinvasion to prioritize sites for invasive species management. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):268-281.

Lopes, M.S., Mendonça, D., Bettencourt, S.X., Borba, A.R., Melo, C., Baptista, C., and Machado, A.D. 2014. Genetic diversity of an Azorean endemic and endangered plant species inferred from inter-simple sequence repeat markers. AoB Plants 6:plu034.

Lopez, V.M., Rugman-Jones, P.F., Coleman, T.W., Hoddle, M.S., and Stouthamer, R. 2014. Population genetics of goldspotted oak borer, Agrilus auroguttatus Schaeffer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): investigating the origin of an invasive pest of native oaks in California. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2393-2402.

Luiselli, L., Capula, M., Burke, R.L., Rugiero, L., and Capizzi, D. 2014. Sighting frequency decreases over two decades in three populations of Testudo hermanni from central Italy. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3091-3100.

Ma, Y.P., Nielsen, J., Chamberlain, D.F., Li, X.Y., and Sun, W.B. 2014. The conservation of Rhododendrons is of greater urgency than has been previously acknowledged in China. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3149-3154.

Macgregor, N.A., and van Dijk, N. 2014. Adaptation in practice: how managers of nature conservation areas in eastern England are responding to climate change. Environ. Manage. 54(4):700-719.

Maes, D., Jacobs, I., Segers, N., Vanreusel, W., Van Daele, T., Laurijssens, G., and Van Dyck, H. 2014. A resource-based conservation approach for an endangered ecotone species: the Ilex Hairstreak (Satyrium ilicis) in Flanders (north Belgium). J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):939-950.

Magrach, A., Rodríguez-Pérez, J., Campbell, M., and Laurance, W.F. 2014. Edge effects shape the spatial distribution of lianas and epiphytic ferns in Australian tropical rain forest fragments. Appl. Veg. Sci. 17(4):754-764.

Malumbres-Olarte, J., Barratt, B.I.P., Vink, C.J., Paterson, A.M., Cruickshank, R.H., Ferguson, C.M., and Barton, D.M. 2014. Big and aerial invaders: dominance of exotic spiders in burned New Zealand tussock grasslands. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2311-2322.

Markow, T.A., Hanna, G., Riesgo-Escovar, J.R., Tellez-Garcia, A.A., Richmond, M.P., Nazario-Yepiz, N.O., Laclette, M.R.L., Carpinteyro-Ponce, J., and Pfeiler, E. 2014. Population genetics and recent colonization history of the invasive drosophilid Zaprionus indianus in Mexico and Central America. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2427-2434.

Marques, F.C., and dos Anjos, L. 2014. Sensitivity to fragmentation and spatial distribution of birds in forest fragments of northern paraná. Biota Neotrop. 14(3):9.

Martay, B., Robertshaw, T., Doberski, J., and Thomas, A. 2014. Does dispersal limit beetle re-colonization of restored fenland? A case study using direct measurements of dispersal and genetic analysis. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):590-597.

Martel, A., Blooi, M., Adriaensen, C., Van Rooij, P., Beukema, W., Fisher, M.C., Farrer, R.A., Schmidt, B.R., Tobler, U., Goka, K., Lips, K.R., Muletz, C., Zamudio, K.R., Bosch, J., Lötters, S., Wombwell, E., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A., Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A., Salvidio, S., Ducatelle, R., Nishikawa, K., Nguyen, T.T., Kolby, J.E., Van Bocxlaer, I., Bossuyt, F., and Pasmans, F. 2014. Recent introduction of a chytrid fungus endangers Western Palearctic salamanders. Science 346(6209):630-631.

Mata, L., Goula, M., and Hahs, A.K. 2014. Conserving insect assemblages in urban landscapes: accounting for species-specific responses and imperfect detection. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):885-894.

Mathews, K., and Collins, B. 2014. Plant and pollinator communities of high elevation rock outcrops. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):300-309.

Matthews, T.J., Cottee-Jones, H.E., and Whittaker, R.J. 2014. Habitat fragmentation and the species-area relationship: a focus on total species richness obscures the impact of habitat loss on habitat specialists. Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1136-1146.

Mattingly, W.B., and Reynolds, H.L. 2014. Soil fertility alters the nature of plant-resource interactions in invaded grassland communities. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2465-2478.

Maurício, G.N., Belmonte-Lopes, R., Pacheco, J.F., Silveira, L.F., Whitney, B.M., and Bornschein, M.R. 2014. Taxonomy of "Mouse-colored Tapaculos" (II): An endangered new species from the montane Atlantic Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil (Passeriformes: Rhinocryptidae: Scytalopus). Auk 131(4):643-659.

McCallum, E.S., Charney, R.E., Marenette, J.R., Young, J.A.M., Koops, M.A., Earn, D.J.D., Bolker, B.M., and Balshine, S. 2014. Persistence of an invasive fish (Neogobius melanostomus) in a contaminated ecosystem. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2449-2461.

McGuire, J.L., and Davis, E.B. 2014. Conservation paleobiogeography: the past, present and future of species distributions. Ecography 37(11):1092-1094.

McKenzie, L.J., Yoshida, R.L., and Unsworth, R.K.F. 2014. Disturbance influences the invasion of a seagrass into an existing meadow. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 86(1-2):186-196.

McLaughlin, B.C., Morozumi, C.N., MacKenzie, J., Cole, A., and Gennet, S. 2014. Demography linked to climate change projections in an ecoregional case study: integrating forecasts and field data. Ecosphere 5(7):85.

Meli, P., Martínez-Ramos, M., Rey-Benayas, J.M., and Carabias, J. 2014. Combining ecological, social and technical criteria to select species for forest restoration. Appl. Veg. Sci. 17(4):744-753.

Méndez-López, M.E., García-Frapolli, E., Pritchard, D.J., Sánchez González, M.C., Ruiz-Mallén, I., Porter-Bolland, L., and Reyes-Garcia, V. 2014. Local participation in biodiversity conservation initiatives: a comparative analysis of different models in South East Mexico. J. Environ. Manage. 145:321-329.

Michaels, C.J., Gini, B.F., and Preziosi, R.F. 2014. The importance of natural history and species-specific approaches in amphibian ex-situ conservation. Herp. J. 24(3):135-145.

Mills, A.J., and Cowling, R.M. 2014. How fast can carbon be sequestered when restoring degraded subtropical thicket? Restor. Ecol. 22(5):571-573.

Mira, Ó., Martínez, J.G., Dawson, D.A., Tinaut, A., and Sánchez-Prieto, C. 2014. Twenty new microsatellite loci for population structure and parentage studies of Parnassius apollo nevadensis (Lepidoptera; Papilionidae). J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):771-779.

Miranda, N.A.F., and Perissinotto, R. 2014. Effects of an alien invasive gastropod on native benthic assemblages in coastal lakes of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa. Afr. Invertebr. 55(2):209-228.

Molano-Flores, B. 2014. An invasive plant species decreases native plant reproductive success. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):465-469.

Moraes, A.B., Wilhelm, A.E., Boelter, T., Stenert, C., Schulz, U.H., and Maltchik, L. 2014. Reduced riparian zone width compromises aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in streams of southern Brazil. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(11):7063-7074.

Morris, C.J., Green, J.M., Snelgrove, P.V.R., Pennell, C.J., and Ollerhead, L.M.N. 2014. Temporal and spatial migration of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) inside and outside a marine protected area and evidence for the role of prior experience in homing. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 71(11):1704-1712.

Mortelliti, A., Westgate, M.J., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2014. Experimental evaluation shows limited influence of pine plantations on the connectivity of highly fragmented bird populations. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1179-1187.

Mounce, H.L., Iknayan, K.J., Leonard, D.L., Swinnerton, K.J., and Groombridge, J.J. 2014. Management implications derived from long term re-sight data: annual survival of the Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):316-326.

Mozumder, C., Tripathi, N.K., and Tipdecho, T. 2014. Ecosystem evaluation (1989-2012) of Ramsar wetland Deepor Beel using satellite-derived indices. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(11):7909-7927.

Mueller, E.K., and Baum, K.A. 2014. Monarch-parasite interactions in managed and roadside prairies. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):847-853.

Mukherjee, N., Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L., Hugé, J., Koedam, N., and Dahdouh-Guebas, F. 2014. Ecosystem service valuations of mangrove ecosystems to inform decision making and future valuation exercises. PLoS ONE 9(9):e107706.

Murphy, C.A., and Foster, B.L. 2014. Soil properties and spatial processes influence bacterial metacommunities within a grassland restoration experiment. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):685-691.

Murray, J.V., Berman, D.M., and van Klinken, R.D. 2014. Predictive modelling to aid the regional-scale management of a vertebrate pest. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2403-2425.

Mustin, K., Amar, A., and Redpath, S.M. 2014. Colonization and extinction dynamics of a declining migratory bird are influenced by climate and habitat degradation. Ibis 156(4):788-798.

Myśliwy, M. 2014. Habitat preferences of some neophytes, with a reference to habitat disturbances. Pol. J. Ecol. 62(3):511-526.

Naderi, G., Saadati, H., Khalatbari, M., Imani, A., and Riazi, B. 2014. Wild Bezoar Goat (Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777) in Agh-Dagh Protected Area, Ardabil, Iran: habitat suitability modelling by Ecological Niche Factor Analysis. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 66(3):385-388.

Nagamitsu, T., Kikuchi, S., Hotta, M., Kenta, T., and Hiura, T. 2014. Effects of population size, forest fragmentation, and urbanization on seed production and gene flow in an endangered maple (Acer miyabei). Am. Midl. Nat. 172(2):303-316.

Nakajima, R., Yamakita, T., Watanabe, H., Fujikura, K., Tanaka, K., Yamamoto, H., and Shirayama, Y. 2014. Species richness and community structure of benthic macrofauna and megafauna in the deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems around the Japanese archipelago: an attempt to identify priority areas for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1160-1172.

Nardelli, F. 2014. The last chance for the Sumatran rhinoceros? Pachyderm 55:43-53.

Nolen, M.S., Magoulick, D.D., Distefano, R.J., Imhoff, E.M., and Wagner, B.K. 2014. Predicting probability of occurrence and factors affecting distribution and abundance of three Ozark endemic crayfish species at multiple spatial scales. Freshwater Biol. 59(11):2374-2389.

Nowak, A.S., Nobis, M., Nowak, S., and Nobis, A. 2014. Distribution, ecology and conservation status of Dionysia involucrata Zaprjag., an endangered endemic of Hissar Mts (Tajikistan, Middle Asia). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 83(2):123-135.

O'Connell, C.P., Andreotti, S., Rutzen, M., Meÿer, M., Matthee, C.A., and He, P.G. 2014. Effects of the Sharksafe barrier on white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) behavior and its implications for future conservation technologies. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 460:37-46.

Oertli, B., Ilg, C., Angelibert, S., Bolliger, J., Crovadore, J., Demierre, E., Julliand, C., Finger-Stich, A., Forre, C., Frossard, P.A., Lefort, F., Mayencourt, M., Piantini, U., and Schmid, S. 2014. Freshwater biodiversity under warming pressure in the Alps: a methodological framework for prioritization of restoration areas for small waterbodies. Eco. Mont. 6(1):23-34.

Olsson, P.A., Sjöholm, C., and Ödman, A.M. 2014. Soil disturbance favours threatened beetle species in sandy grasslands. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):827-835.

Onadeko, A.B., Rodel, M.O., Liedtke, H.C., and Barej, M.F. 2014. The rediscovery of Perret's toad, Amietophrynus perreti (Schiøtz, 1963) after more than 40 years, with comments on the species' phylogenetic placement and conservation status. Zoosyst. Evol. 90(2):113-119.

Oppel, S., Burns, F., Vickery, J., George, K., Ellick, G., Leo, D., and Hillman, J.C. 2014. Habitat-specific effectiveness of feral cat control for the conservation of an endemic ground-nesting bird species. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1246-1254.

Pandit, M.K., Manish, K., and Koh, L.P. 2014. Dancing on the roof of the world: ecological transformation of the Himalayan landscape. BioScience 64(11):980-992.

Pasachnik, S.A., Danoff-Burg, J.A., Antunez, E.E., and Corneil, J.P. 2014. Local knowledge and use of the Valle de Aguan spiny-tailed iguana, Ctenosaura melanosterna, in Honduras. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 9(2):436-447.

Pascual, U., Phelps, J., Garmendia, E., Brown, K., Corbera, E., Martin, A., Gomez-Baggethun, E., and Muradian, R. 2014. Social equity matters in payments for ecosystem services. BioScience 64(11):1027-1036.

Pearson, W.J., and Colwell, M.A. 2014. Effects of nest success and mate fidelity on breeding dispersal in a population of Snowy Plovers Charadrius nivosus. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):342-353.

Pebsworth, P.A., and LaFleur, M. 2014. Advancing primate research and conservation through the use of camera traps: introduction to the special issue. Int. J. Primatol. 35(5):825-840.

Pereira, J.A., and Novaro, A.J. 2014. Habitat-specific demography and conservation of Geoffroy's cats in a human-dominated landscape. J. Mammal. 95(5):1025-1035.

Pereira-Peixoto, M.H., Pufal, G., Martins, C.F., and Klein, A.M. 2014. Spillover of trap-nesting bees and wasps in an urban-rural interface. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):815-826.

Petersen, B., Montambault, J., and Koopman, M. 2014. The potential for double-loop learning to enable landscape conservation efforts. Environ. Manage. 54(4):782-794.

Petersen, J.D., and Nault, B.A. 2014. Landscape diversity moderates the effects of bee visitation frequency to flowers on crop production. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1347-1356.

Phelps, J., Shepherd, C.R., Reeve, R., Niissalo, M.A., and Webb, E.L. 2014. No easy alternatives to conservation enforcement: response to Challender and Macmillan. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):495-496.

Pilcher, N.J., Antonopoulou, M., Perry, L., Abdel-Moati, M.A., Al Abdessalaam, T.Z., Albeldawi, M., Al Ansi, M., Al-Mohannadi, S.F., Al Zahlawi, N., Baldwin, R., Chikhi, A., Das, H.S., Hamza, S., Kerr, O.J., Al Kiyumi, A., Mobaraki, A., Al Suwaidi, H.S., Al Suweidi, A.S., Sawaf, M., Tourenq, C., Williams, J., and Willson, A. 2014. Identification of Important Sea Turtle Areas (ITAs) for hawksbill turtles in the Arabian Region. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 460:89-99.

Pilgrim, J.D., and Bennun, L. 2014. Will biodiversity offsets save or sink protected areas? Conserv. Lett. 7(5):423-424.

Pirovano, A.R., and Zecca, G. 2014. Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius habitat selection in the Italian Alps: implications for conservation in Natura 2000 network. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):299-315.

Platts, P.J., Garcia, R.A., Hof, C., Foden, W., Hansen, L.A., Rahbek, C., and Burgess, N.D. 2014. Conservation implications of omitting narrow-ranging taxa from species distribution models, now and in the future. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1307-1320.

Pool, T.K., Grenouillet, G., and Villéger, S. 2014. Species contribute differently to the taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic alpha and beta diversity of freshwater fish communities. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1235-1244.

Pott, R. 2014. Biogeosystems and biodiversity - the network of biotic diversity on Earth. Phytocoenologia 44(3-4):245-254.

Poudel, R.C., Möller, M., Liu, J., Gao, L.M., Baral, S.R., and Li, D.Z. 2014. Low genetic diversity and high inbreeding of the endangered yews in Central Himalaya: implications for conservation of their highly fragmented populations. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1270-1284.

Pracheil, B.M., Hogan, J.D., Lyons, J., and McIntyre, P.B. 2014. Using hard-part microchemistry to advance conservation and management of North American freshwater fishes. Fisheries 39(10):451-465.

Puchałka, R. 2014. Changes in two Pomeranian beech forest communities in the Kołowskie Parowy nature reserve (Bukowa Forest) between 1985 and 2006. Sylwan 158(9):695-703.

Quinto, J., Micó, E., Martínez-Falcón, A.P., Galante, E., and Marcos-García, M.D. 2014. Influence of tree hollow characteristics on the diversity of saproxylic insect guilds in Iberian Mediterranean woodlands. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):981-992.

Ragyov, D., Biserkov, V., Gradev, G., Ivanov, I., Stoynov, E., Stoyanov, G., Domuschiev, D., and Dixon, A. 2014. Past and present status of the Saker Falcon, Falco cherrug (Aves: Falconidae) in Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulgar. 66(3):299-308.

Ramírez-Hernández, A., Micó, E., and Galante, E. 2014. Temporal variation in saproxylic beetle assemblages in a Mediterranean ecosystem. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):993-1007.

Rangel-Negrín, A., Coyohua-Fuentes, A., Chavira, R., Canales-Espinosa, D., and Dias, P.A.D. 2014. Primates living outside protected habitats are more stressed: the case of black howler monkeys in the Yucatan Peninsula. PLoS ONE 9(11):e112329.

Rannow, S., and Förster, M. 2014. Managing protected areas under climate change—diverse management for biodiversity. Environ. Manage. 54(4):669-670.

Rannow, S., Macgregor, N.A., Albrecht, J., Crick, H.Q.P., Förster, M., Heiland, S., Janauer, G., Morecroft, M.D., Neubert, M., Sarbu, A., and Sienkiewicz, J. 2014. Managing protected areas under climate change: challenges and priorities. Environ. Manage. 54(4):732-743.

Ray, A., and Ray, R. 2014. Rapid divergence of ecotypes of an invasive plant. AoB Plants 6:plu052.

Reemts, C.M., and Cimprich, D.A. 2014. Restoring early successional shrubland habitat for black-capped vireos using mechanical mastication. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):400-408.

Ribeiro, S., Fernandes, J.P., and Espírito-Santo, M.D. 2014. Diversity and floristic patterns of mediterranean grasslands: the relative influence of environmental and land management factors. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):2903-2921.

Riera, R., Becerro, M.A., Stuart-Smith, R.D., Delgado, J.D., and Edgar, G.J. 2014. Out of sight, out of mind: threats to the marine biodiversity of the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic Ocean). Mar. Pollut. Bull. 86(1-2):9-18.

Rizo-Aguilar, A., Guerrero, J.A., Montoya-Lara, A.M.P., and Valdespino, C. 2014. Physiological stress in volcano rabbit Romerolagus diazi populations inhabiting contrasting zones at the Corredor Biologico Chichinautzin, Mexico. Mamm. Biol. 79(6):357-361.

Rodríguez, M., Delibes, M., and Fedriani, J.M. 2014. Hierarchical levels of seed predation variation by introduced beetles on an endemic Mediterranean palm. PLoS ONE 9(10):e109867.

Rogstad, S.H., and Pelikan, S. 2014. Restoring the American chestnut: optimizing founder spacing to promote population growth and genetic diversity retention. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):668-675.

Rojas, A., Yucra, E., Vera, I., Requejo, A., and Tella, J.L. 2014. A new population of the globally Endangered Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys unusually breeding in palms. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):389-392.

Romero, R., and Castro, N.M. 2014. Microlicia longicalycina (Melastomataceae), a new species from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, with notes on leaf anatomy. Syst. Bot. 39(4):1177-1182.

Rossiter, S.C., Ahlering, M.A., Goodwin, B.J., and Yurkonis, K.A. 2014. Seed bank effects on recovery after disturbance in reconstructed tallgrass prairies. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):567-570.

Rouyer, T., Fromentin, J.M., Hidalgo, M., and Stenseth, N.C. 2014. Combined effects of exploitation and temperature on fish stocks in the Northeast Atlantic. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1554-1562.

Roy, B.A., Alexander, H.M., Davidson, J., Campbell, F.T., Burdon, J.J., Sniezko, R., and Brasier, C. 2014. Increasing forest loss worldwide from invasive pests requires new trade regulations. Front. Ecol. Environ. 12(8):457-465.

Russo, L., Memmott, J., Montoya, D., Shea, K., and Buckley, Y.M. 2014. Patterns of introduced species interactions affect multiple aspects of network structure in plant-pollinator communities. Ecology 95(10):2953-2963.

Salles, J.F., and Mallon, C.A. 2014. Invasive plant species set up their own niche. New Phytol. 204(3):435-437.

Santana, J., Reino, L., Stoate, C., Borralho, R., Carvalho, C.R., Schindler, S., Moreira, F., Bugalho, M.N., Ribeiro, P.F., Santos, J.L., Vaz, A., Morgado, R., Porto, M., and Beja, P. 2014. Mixed effects of long-term conservation investment in Natura 2000 farmland. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):467-477.

Sarojinidevi, N., and Reddivenkataraju, R. 2014. Euphorbia kadapensis (Euphorbiaceae), a new species from southern India. Phytotaxa 181(3):179-183.

Saupe, E.E., Hendricks, J.R., Portell, R.W., Dowsett, H.J., Haywood, A., Hunter, S.J., and Lieberman, B.S. 2014. Macroevolutionary consequences of profound climate change on niche evolution in marine molluscs over the past three million years. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281(1795):20141995.

Schmiing, M., Diogo, H., Santos, R.S., and Afonso, P. 2014. Assessing hotspots within hotspots to conserve biodiversity and support fisheries management. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 513:187-199.

Schuchert, P., Shuttleworth, C.M., McInnes, C.J., Everest, D.J., and Rushton, S.P. 2014. Landscape scale impacts of culling upon a European grey squirrel population: can trapping reduce population size and decrease the threat of squirrelpox virus infection for the native red squirrel? Biol. Invasions 16(11):2381-2391.

Schweizer, M., Aye, R., Kashkarov, R., and Roth, T. 2014. Conservation action based on threatened species capture taxonomic and phylogenetic richness in breeding and wintering populations of Central Asian birds. PLoS ONE 9(10):e110511.

Sciandrello, S., and D'Agostino, S. 2014. Distribution patterns and floristic analysis of the Colymbada tauromenitana (Guss.) Holub populations in Sicily (Italy). Acta Bot. Croat. 73(2):385-400.

Scridel, D. 2014. Ecology and conservation of birds in upland and alpine habitats: a report on the BOU's Annual Conference held at the University of Leicester, 1-3 April 2014. Ibis 156(4):896-900.

Shackleton, R.T., Le Maitre, D.C., Pasiecznik, N.M., and Richardson, D.M. 2014. Prosopis: a global assessment of the biogeography, benefits, impacts and management of one of the world's worst woody invasive plant taxa. AoB Plants 6:plu027.

Sharma, A.K., Saini, M., Singh, S.D., Prakash, V., Das, A., Dasan, R.B., Pandey, S., Bohara, D., Galligan, T.H., Green, R.E., Knopp, D., and Cuthbert, R.J. 2014. Diclofenac is toxic to the Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis: widening the diversity of raptors threatened by NSAID misuse in South Asia. Bird Conserv. Int. 24(3):282-286.

Sharma, P., Uniyal, P.L., and Slowik, J. 2014. Community involvement and conservation of Taxus baccata in Pangi Valley, Himachal Pradesh. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):470-474.

Shrestha, T.K., Aryal, A., Rai, R.K., Lamsal, R.P., Koirala, S., Jnawali, D., Kafle, R., Bhandari, B.P., and Raubenheimer, D. 2014. Balancing wildlife and human needs: the protected forest approach in Nepal. Nat. Areas J. 34(3):376-380.

Si, C.C., Dai, Z.C., Lin, Y., Qi, S.S., Huang, P., Miao, S.L., and Du, D.L. 2014. Local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity both occurred in Wedelia trilobata invasion across a tropical island. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2323-2337.

Siesa, M.E., Padoa-Schioppa, E., Ott, J., De Bernardi, F., and Ficetola, G.F. 2014. Assessing the consequences of biological invasions on species with complex life cycles: impact of the alien crayfish Procambarus clarkii on Odonata. Ecol. Indic. 46:70-77.

Signorile, A.L., Paoloni, D., and Reuman, D.C. 2014. Grey squirrels in central Italy: a new threat for endemic red squirrel subspecies. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2339-2350.

Silva, D.J., Santos, M., and Canale, G.R. 2014. The importance of remnant native vegetation of Amazonian submontane forest for the conservation of lizards. Braz. J. Biol. 74(3):523-528.

Singleton, R.L., and Roberts, C.M. 2014. The contribution of very large marine protected areas to marine conservation: giant leaps or smoke and mirrors? Mar. Pollut. Bull. 87(1-2):7-10.

Snijman, D.A. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the genus Pauridia (Hypoxidaceae) in southern Africa. Phytotaxa 182(1):1-114.

Soga, M., Yamaura, Y., Koike, S., and Gaston, K.J. 2014. Land sharing vs. land sparing: does the compact city reconcile urban development and biodiversity conservation? J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1378-1386.

Soissons, L.M., Han, Q.Y., Li, B.Q., van Katwijk, M.M., Ysebaert, T., Herman, P.M.J., and Bouma, T.J. 2014. Cover versus recovery: contrasting responses of two indicators in seagrass beds. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 87(1-2):211-219.

Sparkes, J.H., de Lange, P.J., and Blanchon, D.J. 2014. Notes on Caloplaca allanii Zahlbr. (Teloschistaceae) a poorly known West Auckland, North Island, New Zealand endemic. New Zeal. J. Bot. 52(3):304-309.

Stabili, L., Licciano, M., Lezzi, M., and Giangrande, A. 2014. Microbiological accumulation by the Mediterranean invasive alien species Branchiomma bairdi (Annelida, Sabellidae): potential tool for bioremediation. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 86(1-2):325-331.

Stahlheber, K.A., and D'Antonio, C.M. 2014. Do tree canopies enhance perennial grass restoration in California oak savannas? Restor. Ecol. 22(5):574-581.

Steichen, J.L., Schulze, A., Brinkmeyer, R., and Quigg, A. 2014. All aboard! A biological survey of ballast water onboard vessels spanning the North Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 87(1-2):201-210.

Stenzel, S., Feilhauer, H., Mack, B., Metz, A., and Schmidtlein, S. 2014. Remote sensing of scattered Natura 2000 habitats using a one-class classifier. Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. 33:211-217.

Stinson, K.A., and Seidler, T.G. 2014. Physiological constraints on the spread of Alliaria petiolata populations in Massachusetts. Ecosphere 5(8):96.

Stojanovic, D., Webb, M.H., Alderman, R., Porfirio, L.L., and Heinsohn, R. 2014. Discovery of a novel predator reveals extreme but highly variable mortality for an endangered migratory bird. Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1200-1207.

Štokmane, M., and Spuņģis, V. 2014. Diversity of grass-dwelling spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in calcareous fens of the Coastal Lowland, Latvia. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):757-769.

Stuhldreher, G., and Fartmann, T. 2014. When habitat management can be a bad thing: effects of habitat quality, isolation and climate on a declining grassland butterfly. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):965-979.

Svriz, M., Damascos, M.A., Lediuk, K.D., Varela, S.A., and Barthélémy, D. 2014. Effect of light on the growth and photosynthesis of an invasive shrub in its native range. AoB Plants 6:plu033.

Takala, T., Kouki, J., and Tahvanainen, T. 2014. Bryophytes and their microhabitats in coniferous forest pastures: should they be considered in the pasture management? Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3127-3142.

Talle, M., Bergman, K.O., Paltto, H., Pihlgren, A., Svensson, R., Westerberg, L., Wissman, J., and Milberg, P. 2014. Mowing for biodiversity: grass trimmer and knife mower perform equally well. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3073-3089.

Tantipisanuh, N., Gale, G.A., and Pollino, C. 2014. Bayesian networks for habitat suitability modeling: a potential tool for conservation planning with scarce resources. Ecol. Appl. 24(7):1705-1718.

Tawatao, N., Lucey, J.M., Senior, M., Benedick, S., Khen, C.V., Hill, J.K., and Hamer, K.C. 2014. Biodiversity of leaf-litter ants in fragmented tropical rainforests of Borneo: the value of publically and privately managed forest fragments. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3113-3126.

Taylor, M.M., Hild, A.L., Shaw, N.L., Norton, U., and Collier, T.R. 2014. Plant recruitment and soil microbial characteristics of rehabilitation seedings following wildfire in northern Utah. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):598-607.

Tella, J.L., and Hiraldo, F. 2014. Illegal and legal parrot trade shows a long-term, cross-cultural preference for the most attractive species increasing their risk of extinction. PLoS ONE 9(9):e107546.

Thornton, D.H., and Murray, D.L. 2014. Influence of hybridization on niche shifts in expanding coyote populations. Divers. Distrib. 20(11):1355-1364.

Tiedemann, R., Schneider, A.R.R., Havenstein, K., Blanck, T., Meier, E., Raffel, M., Zwartepoorte, H., and Plath, M. 2014. New microsatellite markers allow high-resolution taxon delimitation in critically endangered Asian box turtles, genus Cuora. Salamandra 50(3):139-146.

Toledo, D., Sanderson, M., Johnson, H., Reeves, J.L., Derner, J.D., Vermeire, L., and Hendrickson, J. 2014. Evaluating plant biodiversity measurements and exotic species detection in National Resources Inventory Sampling protocols using examples from the Northern Great Plains of the USA. Ecol. Indic. 46:149-155.

Tomović, G., Niketić, M., Lakušić, D., Ranđelović, V., and Stevanović, V. 2014. Balkan endemic plants in Central Serbia and Kosovo regions: distribution patterns, ecological characteristics, and centres of diversity. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 176(2):173-202.

Torrubia, S., McRae, B.H., Lawler, J.J., Hall, S.A., Halabisky, M., Langdon, J., and Case, M. 2014. Getting the most connectivity per conservation dollar. Front. Ecol. Environ. 12(9):491-497.

Tveraa, T., Stien, A., Brøseth, H., and Yoccoz, N.G. 2014. The role of predation and food limitation on claims for compensation, reindeer demography and population dynamics. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1264-1272.

Uden, D.R., Hellman, M.L., Angeler, D.G., and Allen, C.R. 2014. The role of reserves and anthropogenic habitats for functional connectivity and resilience of ephemeral wetlands. Ecol. Appl. 24(7):1569-1582.

Ulrich, E., and Perkins, L. 2014. Bromus inermis and Elymus canadensis but not Poa pratensis demonstrate strong competitive effects and all benefit from priority. Plant Ecol. 215(11):1269-1275.

Urgenson, L.S., Reichard, S.H., and Halpern, C.B. 2014. Habitat factors and species' traits influence riparian community recovery following removal of bohemian knotweed (Polygonum x bohemicum). Northwest Sci. 88(3):246-260.

Vale, Á., Pérez-Obregón, R.A., Faife-Cabrera, M., Álvarez, J.C., and Rojas, D. 2014. A new orchid species from the keys of central Cuba and a checklist of Cuban Encyclia (Orchidaceae, Laeliinae). Syst. Bot. 39(4):1076-1082.

Valenzuela-Quiñonez, F., Garza, J.C., De-Anda-Montañez, J.A., and García-de-León, F.J. 2014. Inferring past demographic changes in a critically endangered marine fish after fishery collapse. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71(7):1619-1628.

van Grunsven, R.H.A., Yuwati, T.W., Kowalchuk, G.A., van der Putten, W.H., and Veenendaal, E.M. 2014. The northward shifting neophyte Tragopogon dubius is just as effective in forming mycorrhizal associations as the native T. pratensis. Plant Ecol. Divers. 7(4):533-539.

VanderWerf, E.A., Young, L.C., Crow, S.E., Opie, E., Yamazaki, H., Miller, C.J., Anderson, D.G., Brown, L.S., Smith, D.G., and Eijzenga, J. 2014. Increase in wedge-tailed shearwaters and changes in soil nutrients following removal of alien mammalian predators and nitrogen-fixing plants at Kaena Point, Hawaii. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):676-684.

Varone, L., Logarzo, G.A., Briano, J.A., Hight, S.D., and Carpenter, J.E. 2014. Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) use of Opuntia host species in Argentina. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2367-2380.

Vasconcelos, P.B., Araújo, G.M., and Bruna, E.M. 2014. The role of roadsides in conserving Cerrado plant diversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3035-3050.

Vaughn, N.R., Asner, G.P., and Giardina, C.P. 2014. Centennial impacts of fragmentation on the canopy structure of tropical montane forest. Ecol. Appl. 24(7):1638-1650.

Venâncio, N.M., Lima, A.P., de Souza, M.B., and Magnusson, W.E. 2014. Between-year consistency of anuran assemblages in temporary ponds in a deforested area in Western Amazonia. Herp. J. 24(3):155-160.

Ventura, A.D.B., and Lana, P.D. 2014. A new empirical index for assessing the vulnerability of pen-urban mangroves. J. Environ. Manage. 145:289-298.

Viall, E.M., Gentry, L.F., Hopkins, D.G., Ganguli, A.C., and Stahl, P. 2014. Legacy effects of oil road reclamation on soil biology and plant community composition. Restor. Ecol. 22(5):625-632.

Vieira, R., Finn, J.T., and Bradley, B.A. 2014. How does the landscape context of occurrence data influence models of invasion risk? A comparison of independent datasets in Massachusetts, USA. Landscape Ecol. 29(9):1601-1612.

Vivian, L.M., Ward, K.A., Zwart, A.B., and Godfree, R.C. 2014. Environmental water allocations are insufficient to control an invasive wetland plant: evidence from a highly regulated floodplain wetland. J. Appl. Ecol. 51(5):1292-1303.

Walankiewicz, W., Czeszczewik, D., Stański, T., Sahel, M., and Ruczyński, I. 2014. Tree cavity resources in spruce-pine managed and protected stands of the Białowieża Forest, Poland. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):423-428.

Walcott, J., and Horrocks, J.A. 2014. Design of a protected area for inter-nesting hawksbills in Barbados: an evidence-based approach. Bull. Mar. Sci. 90(4):969-987.

Walker, R., Rafeliarisoa, T., Currylow, A., Rakotoniaina, J.C., and Louis, E. 2014. Short term monitoring reveals the rapid decline of southern Madagascar's Critically Endangered tortoise species. Herp. J. 24(3):193-196.

Walsh, R.P., Arnold, P.M., and Michaels, H.J. 2014. Effects of pollination limitation and seed predation on female reproductive success of a deceptive orchid. AoB Plants 6:plu031.

Waltham, N.J., Barry, M., McAlister, T., Weber, T., and Groth, D. 2014. Protecting the green behind the gold: catchment-wide restoration efforts necessary to achieve nutrient and sediment load reduction targets in Gold Coast City, Australia. Environ. Manage. 54(4):840-851.

Wang, S.X., Guo, H., Wang, X.A., Fan, W.Y., and Duan, R.Y. 2014. Multiple-scale assessment of understory herb species diversity in pine plantations after long-term restoration. Nord. J. Bot. 32(5):680-688.

Weber, S.B., Weber, N., Ellick, J., Avery, A., Frauenstein, R., Godley, B.J., Sim, J., Williams, N., and Broderick, A.C. 2014. Recovery of the South Atlantic's largest green turtle nesting population. Biodivers. Conserv. 23(12):3005-3018.

Weyenberg, S.A., and Pavlovic, N.B. 2014. Vegetation dynamics after spring and summer fires in red and white pine stands at Voyageurs National Park. Nat. Areas J. 34(4):443-458.

White, N.E., Bunce, M., Mawson, P.R., Dawson, R., Saunders, D.A., and Allentoft, M.E. 2014. Identifying conservation units after large-scale land clearing: a spatio-temporal molecular survey of endangered white-tailed black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.). Divers. Distrib. 20(10):1208-1220.

Wilson, J.R., Valencia, S.R., Kay, M.C., and Lenihan, H.S. 2014. Integration of no-take marine reserves in the assessment of data-limited Fisheries. Conserv. Lett. 7(5):451-458.

Winqvist, C., Bengtsson, J., Öckinger, E., Aavik, T., Berendse, F., Clement, L.W., Fischer, C., Flohre, A., Geiger, F., Liira, J., Thies, C., Tscharntke, T., Weisser, W.W., and Bommarco, R. 2014. Species' traits influence ground beetle responses to farm and landscape level agricultural intensification in Europe. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):837-846.

Wright, J.T., Byers, J.E., DeVore, J.L., and Sotka, E.E. 2014. Engineering or food? mechanisms of facilitation by a habitatforming invasive seaweed. Ecology 95(10):2699-2706.

Xiao, J., Wang, Y.F., Shi, P., Yang, L., and Chen, L.D. 2014. Potential effects of large linear pipeline construction on soil and vegetation in ecologically fragile regions. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(11):8037-8048.

Yu, X.Q., He, T.H., Zhao, J.L., and Li, Q.M. 2014. Invasion genetics of Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae): extremely low diversity across Asia. Biol. Invasions 16(11):2351-2366.

Zaccara, S., Antognazza, C.M., Buonerba, L., Britton, R., and Crosa, G. 2014. Human-mediated contact zone between endemic and invasive Barbus species (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae) in a regulated lowland river: genetic inferences and conservation implications. Italian J. Zool. 81(4):571-583.

Zamorano-Elgueta, C., Cayuela, L., Rey-Benayas, J.M., Donoso, P.J., Geneletti, D., and Hobbs, R.J. 2014. The differential influences of human-induced disturbances on tree regeneration community: a landscape approach. Ecosphere 5(7):90.

Zauli, A., Chiari, S., Hedenström, E., Svensson, G.P., and Carpaneto, G.M. 2014. Using odour traps for population monitoring and dispersal analysis of the threatened saproxylic beetles Osmoderma eremita and Elater ferrugineus in central Italy. J. Insect Conserv. 18(5):801-813.

Zhang, Y., Zhao, S.W., Liu, D.Y., Zhang, Q.X., and Cheng, J. 2014. Flowering phenology and reproductive characteristics of Cypripedium macranthos (Orchidaceae) in China and their implication in conservation. Pakistan J. Bot. 46(4):1303-1308.

Zhou, T.H., Wu, K.X., Qian, Z.Q., Zhao, G.F., Liu, Z.L., and Li, S. 2014. Genetic diversity of the threatened Chinese endemic plant, Sinowilsonia henryi Hemsi. (Hamamelidaceae), revealed by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 56:171-177.

**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]