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Department ofBotany

No. 376
April 2016

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In This Issue

Botanists Call for a New Global Biodiversity CyberBank

-Adapted from The Plant Press

In a recent issue of Journal of Systematics and Evolution, botanists from Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and the University of Göttingen Germany published the paper "Collections-based systematics: Opportunities and outlook for 2050" (J. Syst. Evol. 53: 477-488). Jun Wen and her colleagues evaluated the current state of systematics and natural history collections and provided an outlook for the discipline for the upcoming decades. The paper highlights the important role of natural history collections as the core of biodiversity studies and calls for actions that need to be taken to ensure a robust future for the discipline, as well as the sustainability of herbarium and museum collections.

Vision of the Biodiversity CyberBank, an ambitious global community-wide cyberinfrastructure (from Wen et al. 2015)

Vision of the Biodiversity CyberBank, an ambitious global community-wide cyberinfrastructure (from Wen et al. 2015).

The paper proposes that the systematics community needs to reorganize to form a World Organization of Systematic Biology in order to formulate and execute a strategic plan for systematics and natural history collections. In a time with major advances in areas of bioinformatics and genomics, the field of systematics also changes rapidly. In order to make use of these advances and to make the studies highly integrative and accessible for the public and other scientific fields, the authors propose a global cyberinfrastructure, the Biodiversity CyberBank, that brings together all data for a specific taxon, i.e. genetic, ecological, paleontological, morphological and conservation data, but with the collections data as the core. They argue that collections are no longer the objects of specimens; they represent vitally important big data in the 21st century biodiversity science.

The envisioned CyberBank is comparable to GenBank for genetic data, and is crucial for the future of biodiversity sciences. Similarly, floras, monographs and revisions should make use of all the available data in the bioinformatics and genomic era. Specifically these treatments should not only contain interactive keys, descriptions and notes on ecology and distribution, but also make full use of (1) the increasing amount of digitized collections to model distributions (past, current and future); (2) the vast genetic data to test species delimitations and phylogenetic relationships; and (3) the wide array of digitized literature and herbarium type specimens to link all information related to original species descriptions. A new framework of taxonomic monographs is outlined.

As the future of the discipline is largely dependent on a next generation of systematists as well as the general public, the paper also highlights that collections-based systematists must teach systematics as a stimulating and integrative discipline with collections as its core. Systematists must also try to engage and excite the general public whenever possible with cutting-edge technology in biology, and involve them in various citizen-science projects.

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Dias, V., and Belcher, K. 2015. Value and provision of ecosystem services from prairie wetlands: a choice experiment approach. Ecosyst. Serv. 15:35-44.

Dixon, P.M., Thompson, J.R., Widrlechner, M.P., and Kapler, E.J. 2015. The effectiveness of a single regional model in predicting non-native woody plant naturalization in five areas within the Upper Midwest (United States). Biol. Invasions 17(12):3531-3545.

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Ross, L.K., Ross, R.E., Stewart, H.A., and Howell, K.L. 2015. The influence of data resolution on predicted distribution and estimates of extent of current protection of three 'listed' deep-sea habitats. PLoS ONE 10(10):e0140061.

Rotherham, I.D. 2015. Bio-cultural heritage and biodiversity: emerging paradigms in conservation and planning. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(13):3405-3429.

Roy, D., Lucek, K., Walter, R.P., and Seehausen, O. 2015. Hybrid 'superswarm' leads to rapid divergence and establishment of populations during a biological invasion. Mol. Ecol. 24(21):5394-5411.

Ruane, L.G., Dickens, M.E., and Wall, M.E. 2015. Fitness consequences of short- and long-distance pollinations in Phlox hirsuta, an endangered species. Am. J. Bot. 102(10):1659-1665.

Ruffell, J., Innes, J., Bishop, C., Landers, T., Khin, J., and Didham, R.K. 2015. Using pest monitoring data to inform the location and intensity of invasive-species control in New Zealand. Biol. Conserv. 191:640-649.

Sainsbury, K., Burgess, N.D., Sabuni, F., Howe, C., Puis, E., Killenga, R., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2015. Exploring stakeholder perceptions of conservation outcomes from alternative income generating activities in Tanzanian villages adjacent to Eastern Arc Mountain forests. Biol. Conserv. 191:20-28.

Sandbrook, C. 2015. The social implications of using drones for biodiversity conservation. Ambio 44:S636-S647.

Sarkissian, C.D., Ermini, L., Schubert, M., Yang, M.A., Librado, P., Fumagalli, M., Jónsson, H., Bar-Gal, G.K., Albrechtsen, A., Vieira, F.G., Petersen, B., Ginolhac, A., Seguin-Orlando, A., Magnussen, K., Fages, A., Gamba, C., Lorente-Galdos, B., Polani, S., Steiner, C., Neuditschko, M., Jagannathan, V., Feh, C., Greenblatt, C.L., Ludwig, A., Abramson, N.I., Zimmermann, W., Schafberg, R., Tikhonov, A., Sicheritz-Ponten, T., Willerslev, E., Marques-Bonet, T., Ryder, O.A., McCue, M., Rieder, S., Leeb, T., Slatkin, M., and Orlando, L. 2015. Evolutionary genomics and conservation of the endangered Przewalski's horse. Curr. Biol. 25(19):2577-2583.

Schelfhout, S., De Schrijver, A., De Bolle, S., De Gelder, L., Demey, A., Du Pré, T., De Neve, S., Haesaert, G., Verheyen, K., and Mertens, J. 2015. Phosphorus mining for ecological restoration on former agricultural land. Restor. Ecol. 23(6):842-851.

Schofield, P.J., Huge, D.H., Rezek, T.C., Slone, D.H., and Morris, J.A. 2015. Survival and growth of invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish at low salinities. Aquat. Invasions 10(3):333-337.

Schoolmann, G., Nitsche, F., and Arndt, H. 2015. Aspects of the life span and phenology of the invasive freshwater shrimp Atyaephyra desmarestii (Millet, 1831) at the northeastern edge of its range (Upper Rhine). Crustaceana 88(9):949-962.

Schulz, K.E., and Wright, J. 2015. Reproduction of invasive Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii) and the arithmetic of an extermination strategy. Restor. Ecol. 23(6):900-908.

Schumann, D.A., Hoback, W.W., and Koupal, K.D. 2015. Complex interactions between native and invasive species: investigating the differential displacement of two topminnows native to Nebraska. Aquat. Invasions 10(3):339-346.

Sébastien, A., Lester, P.J., Hall, R.J., Wang, J., Moore, N.E., and Gruber, M.A.M. 2015. Invasive ants carry novel viruses in their new range and form reservoirs for a honeybee pathogen. Biol. Lett. 11(9):20150610.

Seibold, S., Bässler, C., Brandl, R., Gossner, M.M., Thorn, S., Ulyshen, M.D., and Müller, J. 2015. Experimental studies of dead-wood biodiversity - a review identifying global gaps in knowledge. Biol. Conserv. 191:139-149.

Senzaki, M., Yamaura, Y., and Nakamura, F. 2015. The usefulness of top predators as biodiversity surrogates indicated by the relationship between the reproductive outputs of raptors and other bird species. Biol. Conserv. 191:460-468.

Sevianu, E., Stermin, A.N., Malos, C., Reti, K., Munteanu, D., and David, A. 2015. GIS modeling for the ecological restoration of a nature reserve: Legii lake and valley (NW Romania) - a case study. Carpath. J. Earth Env. 10(4):173-180.

Shartell, L.M., Corace, R.G., Storer, A.J., and Kashian, D.M. 2015. Broad and local-scale patterns of exotic earthworm functional groups in forests of National Wildlife Refuges of the Upper Midwest, USA. Biol. Invasions 17(12):3591-3607.

Shivanna, K.R. 2015. Reproductive assurance through autogamous self-pollination across diverse sexual and breeding systems. Curr. Sci. 109(7):1255-1263.

Sieber, A., Uvarov, N.V., Baskin, L.M., Radeloff, V.C., Bateman, B.L., Pankov, A.B., and Kuemmerle, T. 2015. Post-Soviet land-use change effects on large mammals' habitat in European Russia. Biol. Conserv. 191:567-576.

Sielezniew, M., Patricelli, D., Rutkowski, R., Witek, M., Bonelli, S., and Buś, M.M. 2015. Population genetics of the endangered obligatorily myrmecophilous butterfly Phengaris (=Maculinea) arion in two areas of its European range. Insect Conserv. Divers. 8(6):505-516.

Silva, J.S., Catry, F.X., Moreira, F., and Bugalho, M.N. 2015. The effects of deer exclusion on the development of a Mediterranean plant community affected by a wildfire. Restor. Ecol. 23(6):760-767.

Silva, N.C.D., Vidal, R., Costa, F.M., Vaio, M., and Ogliari, J.B. 2015. Presence of Zea luxurians (Durieu and Ascherson) Bird in southern Brazil: implications for the conservation of wild relatives of maize. PLoS ONE 10(10):e0139034.

Simić, V., Maguire, I., Rajković, M., and Petrović, A. 2015. Conservation strategy for the endangered crayfish species of the family Astacidae: the ESHIPPO crayfish model. Hydrobiologia 760(1):1-13.

Smith, G.C., Lewis, T., and Hogan, L.D. 2015. Fauna community trends during early restoration of alluvial open forest/woodland ecosystems on former agricultural land. Restor. Ecol. 23(6):787-799.

Smith, G.R., and Smith, L.E. 2015. Effects of western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) on tadpole production of gray treefrogs (Hyla versicolor). Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 10(2):723-727.

Smith, T.J., and Mayfield, M.M. 2015. Diptera species and functional diversity across tropical Australian countryside landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 191:436-443.

Spehar, S.N., Loken, B., Rayadin, Y., and Royle, J.A. 2015. Comparing spatial capture-recapture modeling and nest count methods to estimate orangutan densities in the Wehea Forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biol. Conserv. 191:185-193.

Spilmont, N., Gothland, M., and Seuront, L. 2015. Exogenous control of the feeding activity in the invasive Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835). Aquat. Invasions 10(3):327-332.

Stanturf, J.A. 2015. Future landscapes: opportunities and challenges. New Forest. 46(5-6):615-644.

Steinberg, M.K. 2015. A nationwide assessment of threats to bonefish, tarpon, and permit stocks and habitat in Belize. Environ. Biol. Fish. 98(11):2277-2285.

Stoeckl, N., Chaiechi, T., Farr, M., Jarvis, D., Álvarez-Romero, J.G., Kennard, M.J., Hermoso, V., and Pressey, R.L. 2015. Co-benefits and trade-offs between agriculture and conservation: a case study in Northern Australia. Biol. Conserv. 191:478-494.

Stone, P.A., Locey, K.J., Laverty, S., Stanila, B.D., and Stone, M.E.B. 2015. Conservation implications of male-biased movements in Sonoran mud turtles (Kinosternon sonoriense) inhabiting intermittent aquatic habitats. Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. 10(2):728-739.

Straigytė, L., Cekstere, G., Laivins, M., and Marozas, V. 2015. The spread, intensity and invasiveness of the Acer negundo in Riga and Kaunas. Dendrobiology 74:157-168.

Su, X.K., Liu, S.L., Dong, S.K., Zhang, Y., Wu, X.Y., Zhao, H.D., Zhao, Z.Z., and Sha, W. 2015. Effects of potential mining activities on migration corridors of Chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) in the Altun National Nature Reserve, China. J. Nature Conserv. 28:119-126.

Sui, X., Chen, L., Chen, A., Wang, D.S., Wang, W.L., Ge, H.F., and Ji, G.D. 2015. Assessment of temporal and spatial landscape and avifauna changes in the Yellow River wetland natural reserves in 1990-2013, China. Ecol. Eng. 84:520-531.

Suz, L.M., Barsoum, N., Benham, S., Cheffings, C., Cox, F., Hackett, L., Jones, A.G., Mueller, G.M., Orme, D., Seidling, W., Van der Linde, S., and Bidartondo, M.I. 2015. Monitoring ectomycorrhizal fungi at large scales for science, forest management, fungal conservation and environmental policy. Ann. Forest Sci. 72(7):877-885.

Tan, C.K.W., O'Dempsey, T., Macdonald, D.W., and Linkie, M. 2015. Managing present day large-carnivores in 'island habitats': lessons in memoriam learned from human-tiger interactions in Singapore. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(12):3109-3124.

Taylor, D.I., Wood, S.A., McNabb, P., Ogilvie, S., Cornelisen, C., Walker, J., Khor, S., and Cary, S.C. 2015. Facilitation effects of invasive and farmed bivalves on native populations of the sea slug Pleurobranchaea maculata. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 537:39-48.

Telila, H., Hylander, K., and Nemomissa, S. 2015. The potential of small Eucalyptus plantations in farmscapes to foster native woody plant diversity: local and landscape constraints. Restor. Ecol. 23(6):918-926.

Tomović, L., Urošević, A., Vukov, T., Ajtić, R., Ljubisavljević, K., Krizmanić, I., Jović, D., Labus, N., Ðorđević, S., Kalezić, M.L., Džukić, G., and Luiselli, L. 2015. Threatening levels and extinction risks based on distributional, ecological and life-history datasets (DELH) versus IUCN criteria: example of Serbian reptiles. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(12):2913-2934.

Torabi, N., and Bekessy, S.A. 2015. Bundling and stacking in bio-sequestration schemes: opportunities and risks identified by Australian stakeholders. Ecosyst. Serv. 15:84-92.

Trotter, R.T., and Hull-Sanders, H.M. 2015. Quantifying dispersal of the Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, Coleoptera) with incomplete data and behavioral knowledge. Biol. Invasions 17(12):3359-3369.

Tsang, S.M., Wiantoro, S., and Simmons, N.B. 2015. New records of flying foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropus sp.) from Seram, Indonesia, with notes on ecology and conservation status. Am. Mus. Novit. 3842:1-23.

Valdez, J.W., Stockwell, M.P., Klop-Toker, K., Clulow, S., Clulow, J., and Mahony, M.J. 2015. Factors driving the distribution of an endangered amphibian toward an industrial landscape in Australia. Biol. Conserv. 191:520-528.

van der Wal, R., Anderson, H., Robinson, A., Sharma, N., Mellish, C., Roberts, S., Darvill, B., and Siddharthan, A. 2015. Mapping species distributions: a comparison of skilled naturalist and lay citizen science recording. Ambio 44:S584-S600.

van der Wal, R., and Arts, K. 2015. Digital conservation: an introduction. Ambio 44:S517-S521.

van der Wal, R., Zeng, C., Heptinstall, D., Ponnamperuma, K., Mellish, C., Ben, S., and Siddharthan, A. 2015. Automated data analysis to rapidly derive and communicate ecological insights from satellite-tag data: a case study of reintroduced red kites. Ambio 44:S612-S623.

Vasconcelos, S., Rodrigues, P., Palma, L., Mendes, L.F., Palminha, A., Catarino, L., and Beja, P. 2015. Through the eye of a butterfly: assessing biodiversity impacts of cashew expansion in West Africa. Biol. Conserv. 191:779-786.

Velasco, D., García-Llorente, M., Alonso, B., Dolera, A., Palomo, I., Iniesta-Arandia, I., and Martín-López, B. 2015. Biodiversity conservation research challenges in the 21st century: A review of publishing trends in 2000 and 2011. Environ. Sci. Policy 54:90-96.

Verissimo, D., and Campbell, B. 2015. Understanding stakeholder conflict between conservation and hunting in Malta. Biol. Conserv. 191:812-818.

Verma, A., van der Wal, R., and Fischer, A. 2015. Microscope and spectacle: on the complexities of using new visual technologies to communicate about wildlife conservation. Ambio 44:S648-S660.

Verovnik, R., Fišer, Ž., and Zakšek, V. 2015. How to reduce the impact of artificial lighting on moths: a case study on cultural heritage sites in Slovenia. J. Nature Conserv. 28:105-111.

Vetter, B.J., Cupp, A.R., Fredricks, K.T., Gaikowski, M.P., and Mensinger, A.F. 2015. Acoustical deterrence of Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). Biol. Invasions 17(12):3383-3392.

Vidal, M., and Domínguez, J. 2015. Did the Prestige oil spill compromise bird reproductive performance? Evidences from long-term data on the Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) in NW Iberian Peninsula. Biol. Conserv. 191:178-184.

Villegas-Amtmann, S., Schwarz, L.K., Sumich, J.L., and Costa, D.P. 2015. A bioenergetics model to evaluate demographic consequences of disturbance in marine mammals applied to gray whales. Ecosphere 6(10):183.

Villemey, A., van Halder, I., Ouin, A., Barbaro, L., Chenot, J., Tessier, P., Calatayud, F., Martin, H., Roche, P., and Archaux, F. 2015. Mosaic of grasslands and woodlands is more effective than habitat connectivity to conserve butterflies in French farmland. Biol. Conserv. 191:206-215.

Visco, D.M., Michel, N.L., Boyle, W.A., Sigel, B.J., Woltmann, S., and Sherry, T.W. 2015. Patterns and causes of understory bird declines in human-disturbed tropical forest landscapes: a case study from Central America. Biol. Conserv. 191:117-129.

Visconti, P., Bakkenes, M., Smith, R.J., Joppa, L., and Sykes, R.E. 2015. Socio-economic and ecological impacts of global protected area expansion plans. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 370(1681):20140284.

Wagner, N., Mingo, V., Schulte, U., and Lötters, S. 2015. Risk evaluation of pesticide use to protected European reptile species. Biol. Conserv. 191:667-673.

Walker, A.N., Poos, J.J., and Groeneveld, R.A. 2015. Invasive species control in a one-dimensional metapopulation network. Ecol. Model. 316:176-184.

Wallace, E.M. 2015. High intraspecific genetic connectivity in the Indo-Pacific bonefishes: implications for conservation and management. Environ. Biol. Fish. 98(11):2173-2186.

Wang, Y.P., Thornton, D.H., Ge, D.P., Wang, S.Y., and Ding, P. 2015. Ecological correlates of vulnerability to fragmentation in forest birds on inundated subtropical land-bridge islands. Biol. Conserv. 191:251-257.

Watson, D.M., and Watson, M.J. 2015. Wildlife restoration: mainstreaming translocations to keep common species common. Biol. Conserv. 191:830-838.

Weatherley-Singh, J., and Gupta, A. 2015. Drivers of deforestation and REDD+ benefit-sharing: a meta-analysis of the (missing) link. Environ. Sci. Policy 54:97-105.

Wei, Z., Guan, M.M., and Gong, X. 2015. Cycas chenii (Cycadaceae), a new species from China, and its phylogenetic position. J. Syst. Evol. 53(6):489-498.

Weingarth, K., Zeppenfeld, T., Heibl, C., Heurich, M., Bufka, L., Daniszová, K., and Müller, J. 2015. Hide and seek: extended camera-trap session lengths and autumn provide best parameters for estimating lynx densities in mountainous areas. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(12):2935-2952.

Wen, J., Ickert-Bond, S.M., Appelhans, M.S., Dorr, L.J., and Funk, V.A. 2015. Collections-based systematics: opportunities and outlook for 2050. J. Syst. Evol. 53(6):477-488.

Westerfelt, P., Widenfalk, O., Lindelöw, Å., Gustafsson, L., and Weslien, J. 2015. Nesting of solitary wasps and bees in natural and artificial holes in dead wood in young boreal forest stands. Insect Conserv. Divers. 8(6):493-504.

White, T.H., Barros, Y.D., Develey, P.F., Llerandi-Román, I.C., Monsegur-Rivera, O.A., and Trujillo-Pinto, A.M. 2015. Improving reintroduction planning and implementation through quantitative SWOT analysis. J. Nature Conserv. 28:149-159.

Whiterod, N.S., Sweeney, O.F., and Hammer, M.P. 2015. Assessing the status of a disjunct population of the endangered crayfish Euastacus bispinosus in a karst rising-spring habitat in southern Australia. Aquat. Conserv. 25(5):599-608.

Whittock, P.A., Pendoley, K.L., and Hamann, M. 2015. Inter-nesting distribution of flatback turtles Natator depressus and industrial development in Western Australia. Endang. Species Res. 26(1):25-38.

Willoughby, J.R., Sundaram, M., Wijayawardena, B.K., Kimble, S.J.A., Ji, Y.Z., Fernandez, N.B., Antonides, J.D., Lamb, M.C., Marra, N.J., and DeWoody, J.A. 2015. The reduction of genetic diversity in threatened vertebrates and new recommendations regarding IUCN conservation rankings. Biol. Conserv. 191:495-503.

Woodhouse, E., Homewood, K.M., Beauchamp, E., Clements, T., McCabe, J.T., Wilkie, D., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2015. Guiding principles for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human well-being. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 370(1681):20150103.

Wordley, C.F.R., Sankaran, M., Mudappa, D., and Altringham, J.D. 2015. Landscape scale habitat suitability modelling of bats in the Western Ghats of India: bats like something in their tea. Biol. Conserv. 191:529-536.

Yamada, S.B., Peterson, W.T., and Kosro, P.M. 2015. Biological and physical ocean indicators predict the success of an invasive crab, Carcinus maenas, in the northern California Current. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 537:175-189.

Yang, Q., Wei, S.J., Shang, L., Carrillo, J., Gabler, C.A., Nijjer, S., Li, B., and Siemann, E. 2015. Mycorrhizal associations of an invasive tree are enhanced by both genetic and environmental mechanisms. Ecography 38(11):1112-1118.

Zaccara, S., Trasforini, S., Antognazza, C.M., Puzzi, C., Britton, J.R., and Crosa, G. 2015. Morphological and genetic characterization of Sardinian trout Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810 and their conservation implications. Hydrobiologia 760(1):205-223.

Zhang, J.J., Li, Z.Z., Fritsch, P.W., Tian, H., Yang, A.H., and Yao, X.H. 2015. Phylogeography and genetic structure of a Tertiary relict tree species, Tapiscia sinensis (Tapisciaceae): implications for conservation. Ann. Botany 116(5):727-737.

Zipkin, E.F., Kinlan, B.P., Sussman, A., Rypkema, D., Wimer, M., and O'Connell, A.F. 2015. Statistical guidelines for assessing marine avian hotspots and coldspots: a case study on wind energy development in the US Atlantic Ocean. Biol. Conserv. 191:216-223.

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