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Department ofBotany



No. 368
August 2015


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In This Issue


Fossils Inform Marine Conservation


-Adapted from STRI News

The fossil record helps to predict which kinds of animals are more likely to go extinct. When combined with information about hotspots of human impacts and climate change predictions, Smithsonian scientists and colleagues pinpoint animal groups and geographic areas of highest concern for marine conservation. The results of this analysis have recently been published in Science magazine.

The fossil record helps to predict which kinds of animals are more likely to go extinct

"Just as some groups of people are more prone to health problems like diabetes or heart disease, we can tell from the fossil record which groups of animals are naturally more likely to go extinct," said Aaron O'Dea, paleontologist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.

"Our calculations suggest that the animal's geographic range and the group they belong to are the best predictors of extinction risk," said Carl Simpson, coauthor and post-doctoral researcher at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History. The study reveals that marine mammals, sharks and corals are animals that have naturally high risks of extinction.

Plotting this data globally, the study suggests that the Tropical West Atlantic and Tropical West Pacific are at potentially greatest risk to naturally high levels of extinction. Unfortunately these areas are also predicted to experience the fastest rates of climate change and greatest future human impact, such as habitat destruction, overfishing and pollution.

"There is a lot to be refined, but our study implies that marine communities in tropical ecosystems have a naturally high rate of extinction. If that is the case, the tropics deserve considerably more attention for conservation efforts to help protect both natural and human processes" said O'Dea.


Current Literature


Abalaka, J., Hudin, N.S., Ottosson, U., Bloomer, P., and Hansson, B. 2015. Genetic diversity and population structure of the range restricted rock firefinch Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis. Conserv. Genet. 16(2):411-418.

Abram, N.K., Meijaard, E., Wells, J.A., Ancrenaz, M., Pellier, A.S., Runting, R.K., Gaveau, D., Wich, S., Nardiyono, Tjiu, A., Nurcahyo, A., and Mengersen, K. 2015. Mapping perceptions of species' threats and population trends to inform conservation efforts: the Bornean orangutan case study. Divers. Distrib. 21(5):487-499.

Adame, M.F., Hermoso, V., Perhans, K., Lovelock, C.E., and Herrera-Silveira, J.A. 2015. Selecting cost-effective areas for restoration of ecosystem services. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):493-502.

Adkins, J.K., and Rieske, L.K. 2015. A terrestrial invader threatens a benthic community: potential effects of hemlock woolly adelgid-induced loss of eastern hemlock on invertebrate shredders in headwater streams. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1163-1179.

Alarcón, D., and Cavieres, L.A. 2015. In the right place at the right time: habitat representation in protected areas of South American Nothofagus-dominated plants after a dispersal constrained climate change scenario. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0119952.

Albuquerque, F., and Beier, P. 2015. Rarity-weighted richness: a simple and reliable alternative to integer programming and heuristic algorithms for minimum set and maximum coverage problems in conservation planning. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0119905.

Almeda, F., and Martins, A.B. 2015. Pterolepis haplostemona (Melastomataceae): a new serpentine endemic from Goias, Brazil. Phytotaxa 201(3):233-238.

Alvarenga, D.O., Rigonato, J., Branco, L.H.Z., and Fiore, M.F. 2015. Cyanobacteria in mangrove ecosystems. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):799-817.

Amici, V., Rocchini, D., Filibeck, G., Bacaro, G., Santi, E., Geri, F., Landi, S., Scoppola, A., and Chiarucci, A. 2015. Landscape structure effects on forest plant diversity at local scale: exploring the role of spatial extent. Ecol. Complex. 21:44-52.

Anastácio, P.M., Banha, F., Capinha, C., Bernardo, J.M., Costa, A.M., Teixeira, A., and Bruxelas, S. 2015. Indicators of movement and space use for two co-occurring invasive crayfish species. Ecol. Indic. 53:171-181.

Andraca-Gómez, G., Ordano, M., Boege, K., Domínguez, C.A., Piñero, D., Pérez-Ishiwara, R., Pérez-Camacho, J., Cañizares, M., and Fornoni, J. 2015. A potential invasion route of Cactoblastis cactorum within the Caribbean region matches historical hurricane trajectories. Biol. Invasions 17(5):1397-1406.

Ardestani, E.G., Tarkesh, M., Bassiri, M., and Vahabi, M.R. 2015. Potential habitat modeling for reintroduction of three native plant species in central Iran. J. Arid Land 7(3):381-390.

Arévalo, J.R., Fernández-Lugo, S., Mellado, M., and de la Concepción, T. 2015. Experimental management control of Opuntia dillenii Haw. and Agave americana L. in Teno Rural Park, Canary Islands. Plant Species Biol. 30(2):137-146.

Arundell, K., Dunn, A., Alexander, J., Shearman, R., Archer, N., and Ironside, J.E. 2015. Enemy release and genetic founder effects in invasive killer shrimp populations of Great Britain. Biol. Invasions 17(5):1439-1451.

Ashraf, N., Anwar, M., Hussain, I., and Mirza, S.N. 2015. Population parameters of Grey goral (Naemorhedus goral goral) at two different sites in Machiara National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 25(1):88-94.

Azmi, F., Hewitt, C.L., and Campbell, M.L. 2015. A hub and spoke network model to analyse the secondary dispersal of introduced marine species in Indonesia. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 72(3):1069-1077.

Bahlai, C.A., Colunga-Garcia, M., Gage, S.H., and Landis, D.A. 2015. The role of exotic ladybeetles in the decline of native ladybeetle populations: evidence from long-term monitoring. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1005-1024.

Baker, J.S., Zimmerman, B.J., and Daly, M. 2015. Current status and distribution of Etheostoma exile (Iowa Darter) and Erimyzon sucetta (Lake Chubsucker) in Ohio. Northeastern Nat. 22(1):213-219.

Balao, F., Casimiro-Soriguer, R., García-Castaño, J.L., Terrab, A., and Talavera, S. 2015. Big thistle eats the little thistle: does unidirectional introgressive hybridization endanger the conservation of Onopordum hinojense? New Phytol. 206(1):448-458.

Bamford, A.J., Sam, T.S., Razafindrajao, F., Robson, H., Woolaver, L.G., and de Roland, L.A.R. 2015. The status and ecology of the last wild population of Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata. Bird Conserv. Int. 25(1):97-110.

Banag, C.I., Tandang, D., Meve, U., and Liede-Schumann, S. 2015. Two new species of Ixora (Ixoroideae, Rubiaceae) endemic to the Philippines. Phytotaxa 202(2):155-160.

Barbar, F., Werenkraut, V., Morales, J.M., and Lambertucci, S.A. 2015. Emerging ecosystems change the spatial distribution of top carnivores even in poorly populated areas. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0118851.

Barberena, F.F.V.A., and De Barros, F. 2015. A new species of Promenaea (Cymbidieae; Epidendroideae; Orchidaceae) from Southeastern Brazil. Phytotaxa 203(2):205-209.

Barelli, C., Rovero, F., Hodges, K., Araldi, A., and Heistermann, M. 2015. Physiological stress levels in the endemic and endangered Udzungwa red colobus vary with elevation. Afr. Zool. 50(1):23-30.

Barkalow, S.L.C., and Bonar, S.A. 2015. Effects of suspended sediment on early-life stage survival of Yaqui Chub, an endangered USA-Mexico borderlands cyprinid. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 144(2):345-351.

Barnes, M., Szabo, J.K., Morris, W.K., and Possingham, H. 2015. Evaluating protected area effectiveness using bird lists in the Australian Wet Tropics. Divers. Distrib. 21(4):368-378.

Baxter-Gilbert, J.H., Riley, J.L., Lesbarrères, D., and Litzgus, J.D. 2015. Mitigating reptile road mortality: fence failures compromise ecopassage effectiveness. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0120537.

Beauséjour, R., Handa, I.T., Lechowicz, M.J., Gilbert, B., and Vellend, M. 2015. Historical anthropogenic disturbances influence patterns of non-native earthworm and plant invasions in a temperate primary forest. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1267-1281.

Becker, M.H., Walke, J.B., Cikanek, S., Savage, A.E., Mattheus, N., Santiago, C.N., Minbiole, K.P.C., Harris, R.N., Belden, L.K., and Gratwicke, B. 2015. Composition of symbiotic bacteria predicts survival in Panamanian golden frogs infected with a lethal fungus. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 282(1805):20142881.

Benard, M.F. 2015. Warmer winters reduce frog fecundity and shift breeding phenology, which consequently alters larval development and metamorphic timing. Global Change Biol. 21(3):1058-1065.

Benkwitt, C.E. 2015. Non-linear effects of invasive lionfish density on native coral-reef fish communities. Biol. Invasions 17(5):1383-1395.

Bennett, W.A., and Burau, J.R. 2015. Riders on the storm: selective tidal movements facilitate the spawning migration of threatened delta smelt in the San Francisco Estuary. Estuaries Coasts 38(3):826-835.

Bester, S.P., and De Paiva, J.A.R. 2015. The first records of Polygala westii (Polygalaceae) for South Africa (North-West Province) and a key to the southern African Polygala species in the Section Tetrasepalae. Phytotaxa 202(3):198-206.

Beston, J.A., Diffendorfer, J.E., and Loss, S. 2015. Insufficient sampling to identify species affected by turbine collisions. J. Wildlife Manag. 79(3):513-517.

Biggs, J., Ewald, N., Valentini, A., Gaboriaud, C., Dejean, T., Griffiths, R.A., Foster, J., Wilkinson, J.W., Arnell, A., Brotherton, P., Williams, P., and Dunn, F. 2015. Using eDNA to develop a national citizen science-based monitoring programme for the great crested newt (Triturus cristatus). Biol. Conserv. 183:19-28.

Binks, R.M., Millar, M.A., and Byrne, M. 2015. Not all rare species are the same: contrasting patterns of genetic diversity and population structure in two narrow-range endemic sedges. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 114(4):873-886.

Blair, C., Arcos, V.H.J., de la Cruz, F.R.M., and Murphy, R.W. 2015. Historical and contemporary demography of leaf-toed geckos (Phyllodactylidae: Phyllodactylus tuberculosus saxatilis) in the Mexican dry forest. Conserv. Genet. 16(2):419-429.

Bleach, I.T., Beckmann, C., Both, C., Brown, G.P., and Shine, R. 2015. Noisy neighbours at the frog pond: effects of invasive cane toads on the calling behaviour of native Australian frogs. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 69(4):675-683.

Bloch, C.P., Curry, K.D., and Jahoda, J.C. 2015. Long-term effects of an invasive shore crab on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Northeastern Nat. 22(1):178-191.

Bo, M., Bavestrello, G., Angiolillo, M., Calcagnile, L., Canese, S., Cannas, R., Cau, A., D'Elia, M., D'Oriano, F., Follesa, M.C., Quarta, G., and Cau, A. 2015. Persistence of pristine deep-sea coral gardens in the Mediterranean Sea (SW Sardinia). PLoS ONE 10(3):e0119393.

Bona, M. 2015. Centaurea goksivriensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa 203(1):63-68.

Bonelli, S., Barbero, F., Casacci, L.P., and Balletto, E. 2015. Habitat preferences of Papilio alexanor Esper, 1800: implications for habitat management in the Italian Maritime Alps. Zoosystema 37(1):169-177.

Both, C., and Melo, A.S. 2015. Diversity of anuran communities facing bullfrog invasion in Atlantic Forest ponds. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1137-1147.

Braczkowski, A.R., Balme, G.A., Dickman, A., Macdonald, D.W., Fattebert, J., Dickerson, T., Johnson, P., and Hunter, L. 2015. Who bites the bullet first? The susceptibility of leopards Panthera pardus to trophy hunting. PLoS ONE 10(4):e0123100.

Brand, R.F., Collins, N., and du Preez, P.J. 2015. A phytosociology survey and vegetation description of inselbergs in the uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park World Heritage Site, South Africa. Koedoe 57(1):1233.

Bromaghin, J.F., McDonald, T.L., Stirling, I., Derocher, A.E., Richardson, E.S., Regehr, E.V., Douglas, D.C., Durner, G.M., Atwood, T., and Amstrup, S.C. 2015. Polar bear population dynamics in the southern Beaufort Sea during a period of sea ice decline. Ecol. Appl. 25(3):634-651.

Brown, J.L., and Yoder, A.D. 2015. Shifting ranges and conservation challenges for lemurs in the face of climate change. Ecol. Evol. 5(6):1131-1142.

Brown, K.A., Parks, K.E., Bethell, C.A., Johnson, S.E., and Mulligan, M. 2015. Predicting plant diversity patterns in Madagascar: understanding the effects of climate and land cover change in a biodiversity hotspot. PLoS ONE 10(4):e0122721.

Brullo, C., Brullo, S., Gaskin, J.F., Del Galdo, G.G., Hrusa, G.F., and Salmeri, C. 2015. A new species of Kali (Salsoloideae, Chenopodiaceae) from Sicily, supported by molecular analysis. Phytotaxa 201(4):256-277.

Bruniera, C.P., Zappi, D.C., and Groppo, M. 2015. Rudgea agresteophila and R. hileiabaiana (Palicoureeae, Rubiaceae): two new species from eastern Bahia, Brazil. Phytotaxa 202(4):289-293.

Bugnot, A.B., Coleman, R.A., Figueira, W.F., and Marzinelli, E.M. 2015. Community-level impacts of the invasive isopod Cirolana harfordi. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1149-1161.

Buxton, R.T., Anderson, D., Moller, H., Jones, C.J., and Lyver, P.O. 2015. Release of constraints on nest-site selection in burrow-nesting petrels following invasive rat eradication. Biol. Invasions 17(5):1453-1470.

Caley, P., Ingram, R., and De Barro, P. 2015. Entry of exotic insects into Australia: does border interception count match incursion risk? Biol. Invasions 17(4):1087-1094.

Camaclang, A.E., Maron, M., Martin, T.G., and Possingham, H.P. 2015. Current practices in the identification of critical habitat for threatened species. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):482-492.

Camarillo, S.A., Stovall, J.P., and Sunda, C.J. 2015. The impact of Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) on stand dynamics in bottomland hardwood forests. Forest Ecol. Manag. 344:10-19.

Campbell, C., Yang, S.A., Albert, R., and Shea, K. 2015. Plant-pollinator community network response to species invasion depends on both invader and community characteristics. Oikos 124(4):406-413.

Candler, S., and Bernal, X.E. 2015. Differences in neophobia between cane toads from introduced and native populations. Behav. Ecol. 26(1):97-104.

Cantonati, M., Komárek, J., and Montejano, G. 2015. Cyanobacteria in ambient springs. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):865-888.

Capps, K.A., Ulseth, A., and Flecker, A.S. 2015. Quantifying the top-down and bottom-up effects of a non-native grazer in freshwaters. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1253-1266.

Carlson, J.K., and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2015. Recovery potential of smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the United States determined using population viability models. Aquat. Conserv. 25(2):187-200.

Caroppo, C. 2015. Ecology and biodiversity of picoplanktonic cyanobacteria in coastal and brackish environments. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):949-971.

Carvalho, M., Fa, J.E., Rego, F.C., De Lima, R.F., Santos, G., and Palmeirim, J.M. 2015. Factors influencing the distribution and abundance of endemic pigeons on São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Bird Conserv. Int. 25(1):71-86.

Carwardine, J., Hawkins, C., Polglase, P., Possingham, H.P., Reeson, A., Renwick, A.R., Watts, M., and Martin, T.G. 2015. Spatial priorities for restoring biodiverse carbon forests. BioScience 65(4):372-382.

Casas-Monroy, O., Linley, R.D., Adams, J.K., Chan, F.T., Drake, D.A.R., and Bailey, S.A. 2015. Relative invasion risk for plankton across marine and freshwater systems: examining efficacy of proposed international ballast water discharge Standards. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0118267.

Castro, S., Dostálek, T., van der Meer, S., Oostermeijer, G., and Münzbergová, Z. 2015. Does pollen limitation affect population growth of the endangered Dracocephalum austriacum L.? Pop. Ecol. 57(1):105-116.

Catano, C.P., Romañach, S.S., Beerens, J.M., Pearlstine, L.G., Brandt, L.A., Hart, K.M., Mazzotti, F.J., and Trexler, J.C. 2015. Using scenario planning to evaluate the impacts of climate change on wildlife populations and communities in the Florida Everglades. Environ. Manage. 55(4):807-823.

Ceauşu, S., Gomes, I., and Pereira, H.M. 2015. Conservation planning for biodiversity and wilderness: a real-world example. Environ. Manage. 55(5):1168-1180.

Chadés, I., Nicol, S., van Leeuwen, S., Walters, B., Firn, J., Reeson, A., Martin, T.G., and Carwardine, J. 2015. Benefits of integrating complementarity into priority threat management. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):525-536.

Chakona, A., Malherbe, W.S., Gouws, G., and Swartz, E.R. 2015. Deep genetic divergence between geographically isolated populations of the goldie barb (Barbus pallidus) in South Africa: potential taxonomic and conservation implications. Afr. Zool. 50(1):5-10.

Chaurasia, A. 2015. Cyanobacterial biodiversity and associated ecosystem services: introduction to the special issue. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):707-710.

Cheek, M., Poveda, L.L., and Darbyshire, I. 2015. Ledermanniella lunda sp. nov. (Podostemaceae) of Lunda Norte, Angola. Kew Bull. 70(1):10.

Cheek, M., Poveda, L.L., and Molmou, D. 2015. Tarenna hutchinsonii (Rubiaceae) redelimited, and T. agnata described from W Africa. Kew Bull. 70(1):12.

Chmura, D., Tokarska-Guzik, B., Nowak, T., Woźniak, G., Bzdęga, K., Koszela, K., and Gancarek, M. 2015. The influence of invasive Fallopia taxa on resident plant species in two river valleys (southern Poland). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 84(1):23-33.

Cho, M.A., Malahlela, O., and Ramoelo, A. 2015. Assessing the utility WorldView-2 imagery for tree species mapping in South African subtropical humid forest and the conservation implications: Dukuduku forest patch as case study. Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. 38:349-357.

Choi, C.Y., Battley, P.F., Potter, M.A., Rogers, K.G., and Ma, Z.J. 2015. The importance of Yalu Jiang coastal wetland in the north Yellow Sea to Bar-tailed Godwits Limosa lapponica and Great Knots Calidris tenuirostris during northward migration. Bird Conserv. Int. 25(1):53-70.

Chouvenc, T., Mullins, A.J., and Su, N.Y. 2015. Territorial status-quo between the big-headed ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Fl. Entomol. 98(1):157-161.

Cisneros, L.M., Fagan, M.E., and Willig, M.R. 2015. Effects of human-modified landscapes on taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic dimensions of bat biodiversity. Divers. Distrib. 21(5):523-533.

Claudino, E.S., Gomes, M.A.F., and Campos, P.R.A. 2015. Extinction debt and the role of static and dynamical fragmentation on biodiversity. Ecol. Complex. 21:150-155.

Clause, J., Forey, E., Lortie, C.J., Lambert, A.M., and Barot, S. 2015. Non-native earthworms promote plant invasion by ingesting seeds and modifying soil properties. Acta Oecol. 64:10-20.

Closset-Kopp, D., and Decocq, G. 2015. Remnant artificial habitats as biodiversity islets into forest oceans. Ecosystems 18(3):507-519.

Cóbar-Carranza, A.J., García, R.A., Pauchard, A., and Peña, E. 2015. Effects of high temperatures in the germination and seed survival of the invasive species Pinus contorta and two native species of South Chile. Bosque 36(1):53-60.

Collyer, M.L., Hall, M.E., Smith, M.D., and Hoagstrom, C.W. 2015. Habitat-morphotype associations of Pecos pupfish (Cyprinodon pecosensis) in isolated habitat complexes. Copeia 2015(1):181-199.

Conlisk, E., Syphard, A.D., Franklin, J., and Regan, H.M. 2015. Predicting the impact of fire on a vulnerable multi-species community using a dynamic vegetation model. Ecol. Model. 301:27-39.

Constán-Nava, S., Soliveres, S., Torices, R., Serra, L., and Bonet, A. 2015. Direct and indirect effects of invasion by the alien tree Ailanthus altissima on riparian plant communities and ecosystem multifunctionality. Biol. Invasions 17(4):1095-1108.

Corbane, C., Lang, S., Pipkins, K., Alleaume, S., Deshayes, M., Millán, V.E.G., Strasser, T., Vanden Borre, J., Toon, S., and Michael, F. 2015. Remote sensing for mapping natural habitats and their conservation status - new opportunities and challenges. Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. 37:7-16.

Cowley, D.J., Johnson, O., and Pocock, M.J.O. 2015. Using electric network theory to model the spread of oak processionary moth, Thaumetopoea processionea, in urban woodland patches. Landscape Ecol. 30(5):905-918.

Craig, M.D., Stokes, V.L., Hardy, G.E.S., and Hobbs, R.J. 2015. Edge effects across boundaries between natural and restored jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) forests in south-western Australia. Austral Ecol. 40(2):186-197.

Crawford, F.M., and Darbyshire, I. 2015. Ochna dolicharthros (Ochnaceae): a new species from northern Mozambique. Kew Bull. 70(1):2.

Cristescu, B., Stenhouse, G.B., and Boyce, M.S. 2015. Predicting multiple behaviors from GPS radiocollar cluster data. Behav. Ecol. 26(2):452-464.

Cronin, J.T., Bhattarai, G.P., Allen, W.J., and Meyerson, L.A. 2015. Biogeography of a plant invasion: plant-herbivore interactions. Ecology 96(4):1115-1127.

Cusell, C., Mettrop, I.S., van Loon, E.E., Lamers, L.P.M., Vorenhout, M., and Kooijman, A.M. 2015. Impacts of short-term droughts and inundations in species-rich fens during summer and winter: large-scale field manipulation experiments. Ecol. Eng. 77:127-138.

Dalerum, F., and Belton, L. 2015. African ungulates recognize a locally extinct native predator. Behav. Ecol. 26(1):215-222.

Dar, P.A., Reshi, Z.A., and Shah, M.A. 2015. Roads act as corridors for the spread of alien plant species in the mountainous regions: a case study of Kashmir Valley, India. Trop. Ecol. 56(2):183-190.

Das, N.P., Kumar, A., and Singh, P.K. 2015. Cyanobacteria, pesticides and rice interaction. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):995-1005.

De Grave, S., Smith, K.G., Adeler, N.A., Allen, D.J., Alvarez, F., Anker, A., Cai, Y.X., Carrizo, S.F., Klotz, W., Mantelatto, F.L., Page, T.J., Shy, J.Y., Villalobos, J.L., and Wowor, D. 2015. Dead shrimp blues: a global assessment of extinction risk in freshwater shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea). PLoS ONE 10(3):e0120198.

de los Ríos, A., Ascaso, C., Wierzchos, J., Vincent, W.F., and Quesada, A. 2015. Microstructure and cyanobacterial composition of microbial mats from the High Arctic. Biodivers. Conserv. 24(4):841-863.

de Sá, F.P., Canedo, C., Lyra, M.L., and Haddad, C.F.B. 2015. A new species of Hylodes (Anura, Hylodidae) and its secretive underwater breeding behavior. Herpetologica 71(1):58-71.

De Souza, A.O., and Da Silva, M.J. 2015. A new species of Chamaecrista (Leguminosae) from the Brazilian Central Plateau. Phytotaxa 204(2):165-171.

De Souza, A.S., Dias, E.A., Galetti, P.M., Machado, E.G., Pichorim, M., and Molina, W.F. 2015. Wide-range genetic connectivity of Coney, Cephalopholis fulva (Epinephelidae), through oceanic islands and continental Brazilian coast. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. 87(1):121-136.

De Vos, J.M., Joppa, L.N., Gittleman, J.L., Stephens, P.R., and Pimm, S.L. 2015. Estimating the normal background rate of species extinction. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):452-462.

Dehnhard, N., Eens, M., Demongin, L., Quillfeldt, P., Suri, D., and Poisbleau, M. 2015. Limited individual phenotypic plasticity in the timing of and investment into egg laying in southern rockhopper penguins under climate change. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 524:269-281.

Deiner, K., Walser, J.C., Mächler, E., and Altermatt, F. 2015. Choice of capture and extraction methods affect detection of freshwater biodiversity from environmental DNA. Biol. Conserv. 183:53-63.

Del Fabbro, C., and Prati, D. 2015. Invasive plant species do not create more negative soil conditions for other plants than natives. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 17(2):87-95.

Del-Rio, G., Rêgo, M.A., and Silveira, L.F. 2015. A multiscale approach indicates a severe reduction in Atlantic Forest wetlands and highlights that São Paulo Marsh Antwren is on the brink of extinction. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0121315.

Di Minin, E., Laitila, J., Montesino-Pouzols, F., Leader-Williams, N., Slotow, R., Goodman, P.S., Conway, A.J., and Moilanen, A. 2015. Identification of policies for a sustainable legal trade in rhinoceros horn based on population projection and socioeconomic models. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):545-555.

Dias, G., Beltrán, J.F., Tejedo, M., Benítez, M., Miras, E.G., Ferrand, N., and Gonçalves, H. 2015. Limited gene flow and high genetic diversity in the threatened Betic midwife toad (Alytes dickhilleni): evolutionary and conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 16(2):459-476.

Díez-León, M., Miranda, R., Ariño, A.H., and Galicia, D. 2015. Setting priorities for existing conservation needs of crayfish and mink. Conserv. Biol. 29(2):599-601.

Doğru-Koca, A., and Yıldırımlı, Ş. 2015. Taxonomic notes on three endemic Paracaryum species from Turkey. Acta Bot. Gallica 162(2):117-123.

Doherty, T.S., Davis, R.A., van Etten, E.J.B., Algar, D., Collier, N., Dickman, C.R., Edwards, G., Masters, P., Palmer, R., and Robinson, S. 2015. A continental-scale analysis of feral cat diet in Australia. J. Biogeogr. 42(5):964-975.

Dowell, S.A., de Buffrénil, V., Kolokotronis, S.O., and Hekkala, E.R. 2015. Fine-scale genetic analysis of the exploited Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus) in Sahelian Africa. BMC Genet. 16:32-12.

Drag, L., and Cizek, L. 2015. Successful reintroduction of an endangered veteran tree specialist: conservation and genetics of the Great Capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo). Conserv. Genet. 16(2):267-276.

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