Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany



No. 381
September 2016


[PDF Print Version]



In This Issue


Invasive Plants Get Boost from too Many Deer


-Adapted from Smithsonian Insider

New results from a long-term Smithsonian study are providing strong evidence of the dramatic impact high numbers of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are having upon temperate forests in the eastern United States. Since 1990, scientists at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute have been monitoring two 10-acre plots in a 63-acre forest just south of Front Royal, Va. One plot is fenced to exclude deer. The other is open.

A white-tailed deer in Shenandoah National Park (Flickr photo by John W. Iwanski)

A white-tailed deer in Shenandoah National Park (Flickr photo by John W. Iwanski)

When the study began, few invasive plant species were recorded in either plot. In the last two decades, however, scientists witnessed the arrival of four Asian plant species: multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora), Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii), wine raspberry (Rubus phoenicolasius), and Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum).

A survey of the two study plots after 25 years revealed the density of Japanese barberry, wine raspberry and Japanese stiltgrass was much higher in the open plot. The presence or absence of deer, they found, was an excellent predictor of the abundance of exotic plant species.

Interestingly there was one exception. The density of multiflora rose was higher inside the fenced plot. The researchers suggest this may be because this plant's seeds are dispersed primarily by birds which move through the study area unimpeded. The study is published in the journal Plos One.

As a test case for deer's dispersal role, the researchers looked at the native species wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum), a plant with seeds known to be dispersed by deer. This species was almost absent inside the fence after 25 years.

Clearly deer are shifting the composition of plant species in eastern forests, from distributing seeds that cling to their fur and pass through their digestive systems, to selectively browsing on certain native plants rather than exotic species, the study co-authors write.

Wine raspberry (Rubus phoenicolasius) is a non-native invasive plant species in the U.S (Photo by Milo Pyne, courtesy NatureServe)

Wine raspberry (Rubus phoenicolasius) is a non-native invasive plant species in the U.S (Photo by Milo Pyne, courtesy NatureServe)

Deer also exert significant influence on the structure of the forest, reducing the understory which allows more sunlight to reach the forest floor. After 25 years of relief from grazing deer, seedling height was on average 2.25-times greater in the fenced plot than in the unfenced plot. In addition, four times more tree saplings were found inside the fenced plot.

The changes deer bring to the forest often favor non-native plants, but also have cascading effects on an ecosystem whether or not invasive species are present. In fact, the researchers had originally set out to study the influence of white-tailed deer on birds and small mammals, not on invasive plants.

"The plots were set up in 1990, prior to any invasive species issues in our forests," William McShea, an ecologist at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and one of the authors of the study, explains. "We had no intention of studying invasive plant species, but invasive plants became an important management issue in eastern forests." Over time, as the non-native plants began creeping into their study sites, the researchers realized they were watching an invasion in action. "It is a quirk of science that when you are looking for one thing something else catches your eye."

After having observed firsthand how the presence of deer enables invasive exotic plants to spread in their Virginia study plots, the authors conclude too many deer may be boosting the invasion of exotic plants in similar forests across the Mid-Atlantic region.


Current Literature


Aalto, E., Capoccioni, F., Mas, J.T., Schiavina, M., Leone, C., De Leo, G., and Ciccotti, E. 2016. Quantifying 60 years of declining European eel (Anguilla anguilla L., 1758) fishery yields in Mediterranean coastal lagoons. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(1):101-110.

Aboal, M., Werner, O., García-Fernández, M.E., Palazón, J.A., Cristóbal, J.C., and Williams, W. 2016. Should ecomorphs be conserved? The case of Nostoc flagelliforme, an endangered extremophile cyanobacteria. J. Nature Conserv. 30:52-64.

Acosta, A.L., Giannini, T.C., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L., and Saraiva, A.M. 2016. Worldwide alien invasion: a methodological approach to forecast the potential spread of a highly invasive pollinator. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148295.

Adeney, J.M., Christensen, N.L., Vicentini, A., and Cohn-Haft, M. 2016. White-sand ecosystems in Amazonia. Biotropica 48(1):7-23.

Admiraal, J.F., Musters, C.J.M., and de Snoo, G.R. 2016. The loss of biodiversity conservation in EU research programmes: Thematic shifts in biodiversity wording in the environment themes of EU research programmes FP7 and Horizon 2020. J. Nature Conserv. 30:12-18.

Aebischer, N.J., Bailey, C.M., Gibbons, D.W., Morris, A.J., Peach, W.J., and Stoate, C. 2016. Twenty years of local farmland bird conservation: the effects of management on avian abundance at two UK demonstration sites. Bird Study 63(1):10-30.

Alexander, J.S., Cusack, J.J., Pengju, C., Kun, S., and Riordan, P. 2016. Conservation of snow leopards: spill-over benefits for other carnivores? Oryx 50(2):239-243.

Alexander, J.S., Shi, K., Tallents, L.A., and Riordan, P. 2016. On the high trail: examining determinants of site use by the endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qilianshan, China. Oryx 50(2):231-238.

Allen, J.L., and Lendemer, J.C. 2016. Climate change impacts on endemic, high-elevation lichens in a biodiversity hotspot. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):555-568.

Almeida-Gomes, M., Vieira, M.V., Rocha, C.F.D., Metzger, J.P., and De Coster, G. 2016. Patch size matters for amphibians in tropical fragmented landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 195:89-96.

Amaral, K.E., Palace, M., O'Brien, K.M., Fenderson, L.E., and Kovach, A.I. 2016. Anthropogenic habitats facilitate dispersal of an early successional obligate: implications for restoration of an endangered ecosystem. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0148842.

Ansell, D., Fifield, G., Munro, N., Freudenberger, D., and Gibbons, P. 2016. Softening the agricultural matrix: a novel agri-environment scheme that balances habitat restoration and livestock grazing. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):159-164.

Anton, A., Cure, K., Layman, C.A., Puntila, R., Simpson, M.S., and Bruno, J.F. 2016. Prey naivete to invasive lionfish Pterois volitans on Caribbean coral reefs. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 544:257-269.

Aplasca, A.C., Iverson, J.B., Welch, M.E., Colosimo, G., and Hekkala, E.R. 2016. Genetic diversity and structure in the endangered Allen Gays rock iguana, Cyclura cychlura inornata. PeerJ 4:e1793.

Arroyo, G.M., Mateos-Rodríguez, M., Muñoz, A.R., De la Cruz, A., Cuenca, D., and Onrubia, A. 2016. New population estimates of a critically endangered species, the Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus, based on coastal migration counts. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):87-99.

Atkinson, S.C., Jupiter, S.D., Adams, V.M., Ingram, J.C., Narayan, S., Klein, C.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2016. Prioritising mangrove ecosystem services results in spatially variable management priorities. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151992.

Attard, C.R.M., Beheregaray, L.B., and Möller, L.M. 2016. Towards population-level conservation in the critically endangered Antarctic blue whale: the number and distribution of their populations. Sci. Rep. 6:22291.

Avendaño-Yáñez, M.D., Sánchez-Velásquez, L.R., Meave, J.A., and Pineda-López, M.D. 2016. Can Pinus plantations facilitate reintroduction of endangered cloud forest species? Landsc. Ecol. Eng. 12(1):99-104.

Ayanlade, A. 2016. Landuse change within Okomu and Gilli-Gilli Forest Reserves, south-western Nigeria: its climatic and societal implications. Trop. Ecol. 57(2):193-203.

Balestrieri, A., Messina, S., Pella, F., Prigioni, C., Saino, N., and Fasola, M. 2016. Eurasian otter Lutra lutra in developing countries: a resurvey of Albania 22 years after the fall of communism. Oryx 50(2):368-373.

Banhos, A., Hrbek, T., Sanaiotti, T.M., and Farias, I.P. 2016. Reduction of genetic diversity of the harpy eagle in Brazilian tropical forests. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148902.

Barbar, F., Capdevielle, A., and Encabo, M. 2016. Direct persecution of crowned eagles (Buteogallus coronatus) in Argentina: a new call for their conservation. J. Raptor Res. 50(1):115-120.

Barnett, A., Fargione, J., and Smith, M.P. 2016. Mapping trade-offs in ecosystem services from reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. BioScience 66(3):223-237.

Barrows, C.W., Hoines, J., Vamstad, M.S., Murphy-Mariscal, M., Lalumiere, K., and Heintz, J. 2016. Using citizen scientists to assess climate change shifts in desert reptile communities. Biol. Conserv. 195:82-88.

Bateman, B.L., Pidgeon, A.M., Radeloff, V.C., VanDerWal, J., Thogmartin, W.E., Vavrus, S.J., and Heglund, P.J. 2016. The pace of past climate change vs. potential bird distributions and land use in the United States. Global Change Biol. 22(3):1130-1144.

Baylis, K., Honey-Rosés, J., Börner, J., Corbera, E., Ezzine-de-Blas, D., Ferraro, P.J., Lapeyre, R., Persson, U.M., Pfaff, A., and Wunder, S. 2016. Mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation. Conserv. Lett. 9(1):58-64.

Beaudrot, L., Ahumada, J.A., O'Brien, T., Alvarez-Loayza, P., Boekee, K., Campos-Arceiz, A., Eichberg, D., Espinosa, S., Fegraus, E., Fletcher, C., Gajapersad, K., Hallam, C., Hurtado, J., Jansen, P.A., Kumar, A., Larney, E., Lima, M.G.M., Mahony, C., Martin, E.H., McWilliam, A., Mugerwa, B., Ndoundou-Hockemba, M., Razafimahaimodison, J.C., Romero-Saltos, H., Rovero, F., Salvador, J., Santos, F., Sheil, D., Spironello, W.R., Willig, M.R., Winarni, N.L., Zvoleff, A., and Andelman, S.J. 2016. Standardized assessment of biodiversity trends in tropical forest protected areas: the end is not in sight. PLoS Biol. 14(1):e1002357.

Beauvais, M.P., Pellerin, S., and Lavoie, C. 2016. Beta diversity declines while native plant species richness triples over 35 years in a suburban protected area. Biol. Conserv. 195:73-81.

Behnke, L.A.H., Pejchar, L., and Crampton, L.H. 2016. Occupancy and habitat use of the endangered Akikiki and Akekee on Kauai Island, Hawaii. Condor 118(1):148-158.

Beier, P., and Albuquerque, F. 2016. Evaluating ß diversity as a surrogate for species representation at fine scale. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151048.

Benchetrit, J., and McCleave, J.D. 2016. Current and historical distribution of the American eel Anguilla rostrata in the countries and territories of the Wider Caribbean. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(1):122-134.

Bendik, N.F., McEntire, K.D., and Sissel, B.N. 2016. Movement, demographics, and occupancy dynamics of a federally-threatened salamander: evaluating the adequacy of critical habitat. PeerJ 4:e1817.

Benitez-Malvido, J., Martínez-Falcón, A.P., Dattilo, W., González-DiPierro, A.M., Estrada, R.L., and Traveset, A. 2016. The role of sex and age in the architecture of intrapopulation howler monkey-plant networks in continuous and fragmented rain forests. PeerJ 4:e1809.

Bertelsmeier, C., Ollier, S., Avril, A., Blight, O., Jourdan, H., and Courchamp, F. 2016. Colony-colony interactions between highly invasive ants. Basic Appl. Ecol. 17(2):106-114.

Besnard, A.G., Fourcade, Y., and Secondi, J. 2016. Measuring difference in edge avoidance in grassland birds: the Corncrake is less sensitive to hedgerow proximity than passerines. J. Ornithol. 157(2):515-523.

Bessa, A.S., Carvalho, J., Gomes, A., and Santarém, F. 2016. Climate and land-use drivers of invasion: predicting the expansion of Vespa velutina nigrithorax into the Iberian Peninsula. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(1):27-37.

Beston, J.A., Diffendorfer, J.E., Loss, S.R., and Johnson, D.H. 2016. Prioritizing avian species for their risk of population-level consequences from wind energy development. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150813.

Bhupathy, S., Jins, V.J., Babu, S., and Jose, J. 2016. Distribution and conservation status of the caenophidian snake, Xylophis captaini Gower & Winkler, 2007 in the Western Ghats, India. Curr. Sci. 110(5):908-912.

Billionnet, A. 2016. Designing connected and compact nature reserves. Environ. Model Assess. 21(2):211-219.

Blažek, P., Lepš, J., Fajmon, K., and Tešitel, J. 2016. Response of two hemiparasitic Orobanchaceae species to mowing dates: implications for grassland conservation and restoration practice. Plant Ecol. Evol. 149(1):31-38.

Bleich, V.C. 2016. Conservation of wildlife through education. Calif. Fish Game 101(2):86-86.

Bombaci, S., and Pejchar, L. 2016. Consequences of pinyon and juniper woodland reduction for wildlife in North America. Forest Ecol. Manag. 365:34-50.

Bouchard, M., and Boudreault, C. 2016. Is metapopulation size important for the conservation of understory plants and epiphytic lichens? Biol. Conserv. 195:187-195.

Brambilla, M., Gustin, M., Vitulano, S., Negri, I., and Celada, C. 2016. A territory scale analysis of habitat preferences of the declining Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana. Bird Study 63(1):52-57.

Braschler, B., and Baur, B. 2016. Diverse effects of a seven-year experimental grassland fragmentation on major invertebrate groups. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0149567.

Breteler, F.J. 2016. Novitates Gabonenses 84. A new species of Wilczekra (Celastraceae) from Gabon. Plant Ecol. Evol. 149(1):131-134.

Bridgewater, P. 2016. The Anthropocene biosphere: do threatened species, Red Lists, and protected areas have a future role in nature conservation? Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):603-607.

Briedis, M., and Keišs, O. 2016. Extracting historical population trends using archival ringing data-an example: the globally threatened Aquatic Warbler. J. Ornithol. 157(2):419-425.

Brin, A., Valladares, L., Ladet, S., and Bouget, C. 2016. Effects of forest continuity on flying saproxylic beetle assemblages in small woodlots embedded in agricultural landscapes. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):587-602.

Brochet, A.L., Van den Bossche, W., Jbour, S., NdanG'Ang'A, P.K., Jones, V.R., Abdou, W.A.L.I., Al-Hmoud, A.R., Asswad, N.G., Atienza, J.C., Atrash, I., Barbara, N., Bensusan, K., Bino, T., Celada, C., Cherkaoui, S.I., Costa, J., Deceuninck, B., Etayeb, K.S., Feltrup-Azafzaf, C., Figelj, J., Gustin, M., Kmecl, P., Kocevski, V., Korbeti, M., Kotrošan, D., Laguna, J.M., Lattuada, M., Leitão, D., Lopes, P., López-Jiménez, N., Lucić, V., Micol, T., Moali, A., Perlman, Y., Piludu, N., Portolou, D., Putilin, K., Quaintenne, G., Ramadan-Jaradi, G., Ružić, M., Sandor, A., Sarajli, N., Saveljić, D., Sheldon, R.D., Shialis, T., Tsiopelas, N., Vargas, F., Thompson, C., Brunner, A., Grimmett, R., and Butchart, S.H.M. 2016. Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking of birds in the Mediterranean. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):1-28.

Brockerhoff, E.G., Dick, M., Ganley, R., Roques, A., and Storer, A.J. 2016. Role of insect vectors in epidemiology and invasion risk of Fusarium circinatum, and risk assessment of biological control of invasive Pinus contorta. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1177-1190.

Buckley, R.C., Morrison, C., and Castley, J.G. 2016. Net effects of ecotourism on threatened species survival. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0147988.

Bufford, J.L., Lurie, M.H., and Daehler, C.C. 2016. Biotic resistance to tropical ornamental invasion. J. Ecol. 104(2):518-530.

Burkhalter, J.C., Lockwood, J.L., Maslo, B., Fenn, K.H., and Leu, K. 2016. Effects of cost metric on cost-effectiveness of protected-area network design in urban landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):403-412.

Busch, V., and Reisch, C. 2016. Population size and land use affect the genetic variation and performance of the endangered plant species Dianthus seguieri ssp. glaber. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):425-436.

Buxton, R.T., Jones, C.J., Lyver, P.O., Towns, D.R., and Borrelle, S.B. 2016. Deciding when to lend a helping hand: a decision-making framework for seabird island restoration. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):467-484.

Cajaiba, R.L., Cabral, J.A., and Santos, M. 2016. A minimal invasive method to forecast the effects of anthropogenic disturbance on tropical cave beetle communities. Neotrop. Entomol. 45(2):139-147.

Calò, A., Muñoz, I., Pérez-Ruzafa, Á., Vergara-Chen, C., and García-Charton, J.A. 2016. Spatial genetic structure in the saddled sea bream (Oblada melanura Linnaeus, 1758 ) suggests multi-scaled patterns of connectivity between protected and unprotected areas in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Fish. Res. 176:30-38.

Calvo-Cubero, J., Ibáñez, C., Rovira, A., Sharpe, P.J., and Reyes, E. 2016. Changes in water and soil metals in a Mediterranean restored marsh subject to different water management schemes. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):235-243.

Cantley, J.T., Sporck-Koehler, M.J., and Chau, M.M. 2016. New and resurrected Hawaiian species of pilo (Coprosma, Rubiaceae) from the island of Maui. PhytoKeys 60:33-48.

Carrea, C., Burridge, C.P., King, C.K., and Miller, K.J. 2016. Population structure and long-term decline in three species of heart urchins Abatus spp. near-shore in the Vestfold Hills region, East Antarctica. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 545:227-238.

Carter, M.I.D., Cox, S.L., Scales, K.L., Bicknell, A.W.J., Nicholson, M.D., Atkins, K.M., Morgan, G., Morgan, L., Grecian, W.J., Patrick, S.C., and Votier, S.C. 2016. GPS tracking reveals rafting behaviour of Northern Gannets (Morus bassanus): implications for foraging ecology and conservation. Bird Study 63(1):83-95.

Caruana-Galizia, P., and Fenech, N. 2016. The importance of spring hunting in Malta on European Turtle-Dove Streptopelia turtur and Common Quail Coturnix coturnix populations. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):29-38.

Castello, L., and Macedo, M.N. 2016. Large-scale degradation of Amazonian freshwater ecosystems. Global Change Biol. 22(3):990-1007.

Castonguay, M., and Durif, C.M.F. 2016. Understanding the decline in anguillid eels introduction. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(1):1-4.

Castro, R.B., and Albernaz, A.L. 2016. Consistency and use of information about threats in the participatory process for identification of priority conservation areas in the Brazilian Amazon. J. Nature Conserv. 30:44-51.

Cau, A., Bramanti, L., Cannas, R., Follesa, M.C., Angiolillo, M., Canese, S., Bo, M., Cuccu, D., and Guizien, K. 2016. Habitat constraints and self-thinning shape Mediterranean red coral deep population structure: implications for conservation practice. Sci. Rep. 6:23322.

Chamberlain, D.E., Pedrini, P., Brarnbilla, M., Rolando, A., and Girardello, M. 2016. Identifying key conservation threats to Alpine birds through expert knowledge. PeerJ 4:e1723.

Chandler, H.C., Rypel, A.L., Jiao, Y., Haas, C.A., and Gorman, T.A. 2016. Hindcasting historical breeding conditions for an endangered salamander in ephemeral wetlands of the southeastern USA: implications of climate change. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0150169.

Chapman, C.A., DeLuycker, A., Reyna-Hurtado, R.A., Serio-Silva, J.C., Smith, T.B., Strier, K.B., and Goldberg, T.L. 2016. Safeguarding biodiversity: what is perceived as working, according to the conservation community? Oryx 50(2):302-307.

Chebib, J., Renaut, S., Bernatchez, L., and Rogers, S.M. 2016. Genetic structure and within-generation genome scan analysis of fisheries-induced evolution in a Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) population. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):473-483.

Cheek, M., Challen, G., Lebbie, A., Banks, H., Barberá, P., and Riina, R. 2016. Discovering Karima (Euphorbiaceae), a new crotonoid genus from west tropical Africa long hidden within Croton. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0152110.

Chen, F. 2016. Poachers and snobs: demand for rarity and the effects of antipoaching policies. Conserv. Lett. 9(1):65-69.

Chen, H.L., Hagerty, S., Crotty, S.M., and Bertness, M.D. 2016. Direct and indirect trophic effects of predator depletion on basal trophic levels. Ecology 97(2):338-346.

Cheng, D.F., Liang, G.W., and Xu, Y.J. 2016. Meta-analysis reveals asymmetric reduction in the genetic diversity of introduced populations of exotic insects. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1163-1175.

Chivers, I.H., Jones, T.A., Broadhurst, L.M., Mott, I.W., and Larson, S.R. 2016. The merits of artificial selection for the development of restoration-ready plant materials of native perennial grasses. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):174-183.

Choe, H., Thorne, J.H., and Seo, C. 2016. Mapping national plant biodiversity patterns in South Korea with the MARS species distribution model. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0149511.

Chowdhury, G.W., Zieritz, A., and Aldridge, D.C. 2016. Ecosystem engineering by mussels supports biodiversity and water clarity in a heavily polluted lake in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Freshwater Sci. 35(1):188-199.

Christmas, M.J., Breed, M.F., and Lowe, A.J. 2016. Constraints to and conservation implications for climate change adaptation in plants. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):305-320.

Clark, M.R., Althaus, F., Schlacher, T.A., Williams, A., Bowden, D.A., and Rowden, A.A. 2016. The impacts of deep-sea fisheries on benthic communities: a review. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73:51-69.

Cook, C.N., de Bie, K., Keith, D.A., and Addison, P.F.E. 2016. Decision triggers are a critical part of evidence-based conservation. Biol. Conserv. 195:46-51.

Cooke, S.J., Hogan, Z.S., Butcher, P.A., Stokesbury, M.J.W., Raghavan, R., Gallagher, A.J., Hammerschlag, N., and Danylchuk, A.J. 2016. Angling for endangered fish: conservation problem or conservation action? Fish Fish. 17(1):249-265.

Cordell, S., Ostertag, R., Michaud, J., and Warman, L. 2016. Quandaries of a decade-long restoration experiment trying to reduce invasive species: beat them, join them, give up, or start over? Restor. Ecol. 24(2):139-144.

Cordero, R.L., Torchelsen, F.P., Overbeck, G.E., and Anand, M. 2016. Cytisus scoparius (Fam. Fabaceae) in southern Brazil - first step of an invasion process? An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. 88(1):149-154.

Cordero-Rivera, A. 2016. Demographics and adult activity of Hemiphlebia mirabilis: a short-lived species with a huge population size (Odonata: Hemiphlebiidae). Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(2):108-117.

Cormont, A., Siepel, H., Clement, J., Melman, T.C.P., WallisDeVries, M.F., van Turnhout, C.A.M., Sparrius, L.B., Reemer, M., Biesmeijer, J.C., Berendse, F., and de Snoo, G.R. 2016. Landscape complexity and farmland biodiversity: Evaluating the CAP target on natural elements. J. Nature Conserv. 30:19-26.

Crawford, F.M., Darbyshire, I., and Vollesen, K. 2016. Tephrosia uzondoensis (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae): a new species from the Uzondo Plateau of Tanzania. Kew Bull. 71(1):12.

Creighton, C., Hobday, A.J., Lockwood, M., and Pecl, G.T. 2016. Adapting management of marine environments to a changing climate: a checklist to guide reform and assess progress. Ecosystems 19(2):187-219.

Crone, E.E., and Williams, N.M. 2016. Bumble bee colony dynamics: quantifying the importance of land use and floral resources for colony growth and queen production. Ecol. Lett. 19(4):460-468.

Crouzeilles, R., and Curran, M. 2016. Which landscape size best predicts the influence of forest cover on restoration success? A global meta-analysis on the scale of effect. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):440-448.

Cubrinovska, I., Massaro, M., and Hale, M.L. 2016. Assessment of hybridisation between the endangered Chatham Island black robin (Petroica traversi) and the Chatham Island tomtit (Petroica macrocephala chathamensis). Conserv. Genet. 17(2):259-265.

Cunningham, A.A., Turvey, S.T., Zhou, F., Meredith, H.M.R., Guan, W., Liu, X.L., Sun, C.M., Wang, Z.Q., and Wu, M.Y. 2016. Development of the Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus farming industry in Shaanxi Province, China: conservation threats and opportunities. Oryx 50(2):265-273.

Curran, M., de Souza, D.M., Antón, A., Teixeira, R.F.M., Michelsen, O., Vidal-Legaz, B., Sala, S., and Canals, L.M.I. 2016. How well does LCA model land use impacts on biodiversity? A comparison with approaches from ecology and conservation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 50(6):2782-2795.

da Silva, M., Pinho, D.B., Pereira, O.L., Fernandes, F.M., and Barreto, R.W. 2016. Naming potentially endangered parasites: foliicolous mycobiota of Dimorphandra wilsonii, a highly threatened Brazilian tree species. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0147895.

da Silva, P.G., and Hernández, M.I.M. 2016. Spatial variation of dung beetle assemblages associated with forest structure in remnants of southern Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60(1):73-81.

Daly, D.C., Silveira, M., Medeiros, H., Castro, W., and Obermüller, F.A. 2016. The white-sand vegetation of Acre, Brazil. Biotropica 48(1):81-89.

Darbyshire, I., and Luke, Q. 2016. Barleria mirabilis (Acanthaceae): a remarkable new tree species from west Tanzania. Kew Bull. 71(1):13.

Davies, G.M., Stoof, C.R., Kettridge, N., and Gray, A. 2016. Comment on: vegetation burning for game management in the UK uplands is increasing and overlaps spatially with soil carbon and protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 195:293-294.

Davoodian, N. 2016. Fungal conservation in the United States: further notes. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):609-610.

de Castro, R.A., Fabricante, J.R., and de Siqueira, J.A. 2016. The importance of the palm Syagrus coronata (Mart.) Beec. for the conservation of species richness and diversity of vascular epiphytes in the Caatinga. Rev. Arvore 40(1):1-12.

de Kok, R.P.J. 2016. A revision of Cryptocarya R. Br. (Lauraceae) of Peninsular Malaysia. Kew Bull. 71(1):7.

de Lima, R.F., Maloney, E., Simison, W.B., and Drewes, R. 2016. Reassessing the conservation status of the shrew Crocidura thomensis, endemic to São Tomé Island. Oryx 50(2):360-363.

Dekker, W., and Beaulaton, L. 2016. Climbing back up what slippery slope? Dynamics of the European eel stock and its management in historical perspective. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(1):5-13.

Derouiche, E., Habbechi, B.H., Kraïem, M.M., and Elie, P. 2016. Estimates of escapement, exploitation rate, and number of downstream migrating European eels Anguilla anguilla in Ichkeul Lake (northern Tunisia). ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(1):142-149.

Di Fonzo, M.M.I., Possingham, H.P., Probert, W.J.M., Bennett, J.R., Joseph, L.N., Tulloch, A.I.T., O'Connor, S., Densem, J., and Maloney, R.F. 2016. Evaluating trade-offs between target persistence levels and numbers of species conserved. Conserv. Lett. 9(1):51-57.

Di Marco, M., Brooks, T., Cuttelod, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Rondinini, C., Smith, R.J., Bennun, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Ferrier, S., Foppen, R.P.B., Joppa, L., Juffe-Bignoli, D., Knight, A.T., Lamoreux, J.F., Langhammer, P.F., May, I., Possingham, H.P., Visconti, P., Watson, J.E.M., and Woodley, S. 2016. Quantifying the relative irreplaceability of important bird and biodiversity areas. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):392-402.

Dias, D.F.C., Ribeiro, M.C., Felber, Y.T., Cintra, A.L.P., de Souza, N.S., and Hasui, É. 2016. Beauty before age: landscape factors influence bird functional diversity in naturally regenerating fragments, but regeneration age does not. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):259-270.

Dias, F.S., Miller, D.L., Marques, T.A., Marcelino, J., Caldeira, M.C., Cerdeira, J.O., and Bugalho, M.N. 2016. Conservation zones promote oak regeneration and shrub diversity in certified Mediterranean oak woodlands. Biol. Conserv. 195:226-234.

Didham, R.K., Leather, S.R., and Basset, Y. 2016. Circle the bandwagons - challenges mount against the theoretical foundations of applied functional trait and ecosystem service research. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(1):1-3.

Douglas, D.J.T., Buchanan, G.M., Thompson, P., Smith, T., Cole, T., Amar, A., Fielding, D.A., Redpath, S.M., and Wilson, J.D. 2016. Reply to comment on: vgetation burning for game management in the UK uplands is increasing and overlaps spatially with soil carbon and protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 195:295-296.

Drolet, D., and Locke, A. 2016. Relative importance of propagule size and propagule number for establishment of non-indigenous species: a stochastic simulation study. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):101-110.

Drouin, A., McKindsey, C.W., and Johnson, L.E. 2016. Dynamics of recruitment and establishment of the invasive seaweed Codium fragile within an eelgrass habitat. Mar. Biol. 163(3):61.

Dugger, K.M., Forsman, E.D., Franklin, A.B., Davis, R.J., White, G.C., Schwarz, C.J., Burnham, K.P., Nichols, J.D., Hines, J.E., Yackulic, C.B., Doherty, P.F., Bailey, L., Clark, D.A., Ackers, S.H., Andrews, L.S., Augustine, B., Biswell, B.L., Blakesley, J., Carlson, P.C., Clement, M.J., Diller, L.V., Glenn, E.M., Green, A., Gremel, S.A., Herter, D.R., Higley, J.M., Hobson, J., Horn, R.B., Huyvaert, K.P., McCafferty, C., McDonald, T., McDonnell, K., Olson, G.S., Reid, J.A., Rockweit, J., Ruiz, V., Saenz, J., and Sovern, S.G. 2016. The effects of habitat, climate, and Barred Owls on long-term demography of Northern Spotted Owls. Condor 118(1):57-116.

Duncan, R.P. 2016. How propagule size and environmental suitability jointly determine establishment success: a test using dung beetle introductions. Biol. Invasions 18(4):985-996.

Dunwiddie, P.W., and Martin, R.A. 2016. Microsites matter: improving the success of rare species reintroductions. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150417.

Dupras, J., Marull, J., Parcerisas, L., Coll, F., Gonzalez, A., Girard, M., and Tello, E. 2016. The impacts of urban sprawl on ecological connectivity in the Montreal Metropolitan Region. Environ. Sci. Policy 58:61-73.

Eason, P., Rabia, B., and Attum, O. 2016. Hunting of migratory birds in North Sinai, Egypt. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):39-51.

Eberhart-Phillips, L.J., Hudgens, B.R., and Colwell, M.A. 2016. Spatial synchrony of a threatened shorebird: regional roles of climate, dispersal and management. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):119-135.

Edworthy, A.B. 2016. Competition and aggression for nest cavities between Striated Pardalotes and endangered Forty-spotted Pardalotes. Condor 118(1):1-11.

El-Gabbas, A., El Din, S.B., Zalat, S., and Gilbert, F. 2016. Conserving Egypt's reptiles under climate change. J. Arid Environ. 127:211-221.

Engeman, R.M., Addison, D., and Griffin, J.C. 2016. Defending against disparate marine turtle nest predators: nesting success benefits from eradicating invasive feral swine and caging nests from raccoons. Oryx 50(2):289-295.

Ernst, C.M., Loboda, S., and Buddle, C.M. 2016. Capturing northern biodiversity: diversity of arctic, subarctic and north boreal beetles and spiders are affected by trap type and habitat. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(1):63-73.

Espinosa, C.C., Galiano, D., Kubiak, B.B., and Marinho, J.R. 2016. Medium- and large-sized mammals in a steppic savanna area of the Brazilian Pampa: survey and conservation issues of a poorly known fauna. Braz. J. Biol. 76(1):73-79.

Estrada, A., Delgado, M.P., Arroyo, B., Traba, J., and Morales, M.B. 2016. Forecasting large-scale habitat suitability of European bustards under climate change: the role of environmental and geographic variables. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0149810.

Eterovick, P.C., Sloss, B.L., Scalzo, J.A.M., and Alford, R.A. 2016. Isolated. frogs in a crowded world: Effects of human-caused habitat loss on frog heterozygosity and fluctuating asymmetry. Biol. Conserv. 195:52-59.

Fais, A., Lewis, T.P., Zitterbart, D.P., Álvarez, O., Tejedor, A., and Soto, N.A. 2016. Abundance and distribution of sperm whales in the Canary Islands: can sperm whales in the archipelago sustain the current level of ship-strike mortalities? PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150660.

Farasat, H., Akmali, V., and Sharifi, M. 2016. Population genetic structure of the endangered Kaiser's mountain newt, Neurergus kaiseri (Amphibia: Salamandridae). PLoS ONE 11(2):e0149596.

Fasciolo, A., Delgado, M.D., Cortés, G., Soutullo, Á., and Penteriani, V. 2016. Limited prospecting behaviour of juvenile Eagle Owls Bubo bubo during natal dispersal: implications for conservation. Bird Study 63(1):128-135.

Faulks, L., and Östman, Ö. 2016. Genetic diversity and hybridization between native and introduced Salmonidae fishes in a Swedish alpine lake. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0152732.

Felton, A., Hedwall, P.O., Lindbladh, M., Nyberg, T., Felton, A.M., Holmström, E., Wallin, I., Lof, M., and Brunet, J. 2016. The biodiversity contribution of wood plantations: contrasting the bird communities of Sweden's protected and production oak forests. Forest Ecol. Manag. 365:51-60.

Feng, F.F., Yang, Z.S., Owens, J.R., Hou, R., Zhang, Z.H., and Qi, D.W. 2016. An assessment of endangered species habitat at large scale: chiru distribution across the Tibetan region of Chang Tang. Folia Zool. 65(1):65-71.

Feng, L., Han, X.X., Hu, C.M., and Chen, X.L. 2016. Four decades of wetland changes of the largest freshwater lake in China: possible linkage to the Three Gorges Dam? Remote Sens. Environ. 176:43-55.

Fine, P.V.A., and Baraloto, C. 2016. Habitat endemism in white-sand forests: insights into the mechanisms of lineage diversification and community assembly of the neotropical flora. Biotropica 48(1):24-33.

Fine, P.V.A., and Bruna, E.M. 2016. Neotropical white-sand forests: origins, ecology and conservation of a unique rain forest environment. Biotropica 48(1):5-6.

Fischman, R.L., and Ruhl, J.B. 2016. Judging adaptive management practices of US agencies. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):268-275.

Fisichelli, N.A., Schuurman, G.W., and Hoffman, C.H. 2016. Is 'resilience' maladaptive? Towards an accurate lexicon for climate change adaptation. Environ. Manage. 57(4):753-758.

Foster, C.N., Sato, C.F., Lindenmayer, D.B., and Barton, P.S. 2016. Integrating theory into disturbance interaction experiments to better inform ecosystem management. Global Change Biol. 22(4):1325-1335.

Foster, E., Love, J., Rader, R., Reid, N., Dillon, M., and Drielsma, M.J. 2016. Planning for metapopulation persistence using a multiple-component, cross-scale model of connectivity. Biol. Conserv. 195:177-186.

Fragoso-Moura, E.N., Oporto, L.T., Maia-Barbosa, P.M., and Barbosa, F.A.R. 2016. Loss of biodiversity in a conservation unit of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: the effect of introducing non-native fish species. Braz. J. Biol. 76(1):18-27.

Frankham, R. 2016. Genetic rescue benefits persist to at least the F3 generation, based on a meta-analysis. Biol. Conserv. 195:33-36.

Freeland-Riggert, B.T., Cairns, S.H., Poulton, B.C., and Riggert, C.M. 2016. Differences found in the macroinvertebrate community composition in the presence or absence of the invasive alien crayfish, Orconectes hylas. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150199.

Frey, D., Arrigo, N., Granereau, G., Sarr, A., Felber, F., and Kozlowski, G. 2016. Parallel declines in species and genetic diversity driven by anthropogenic disturbance: a multispecies approach in a French Atlantic dune system. Evol. Appl. 9(3):479-488.

Fynn, R.W.S., Augustine, D.J., Peel, M.J.S., and de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. 2016. Strategic management of livestock to improve biodiversity conservation in African savannahs: a conceptual basis for wildlife-livestock coexistence. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):388-397.

Galaverni, M., Caniglia, R., Fabbri, E., Milanesi, P., and Randi, E. 2016. One, no one, or one hundred thousand: how many wolves are there currently in Italy? Mamm. Res. 61(1):13-24.

Galindon, J.M.M., Ong, P.S., and Fernando, E.S. 2016. Rafflesia consueloae (Rafflesiaceae), the smallest among giants; a new species from Luzon Island, Philippines. PhytoKeys 61:37-46.

García-Carreras, B., Jennings, S., and Le Quesne, W.J.F. 2016. Predicting reference points and associated uncertainty from life histories for risk and status assessment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(2):483-493.

García-Villacorta, R., Dexter, K.G., and Pennington, T. 2016. Amazonian white-sand forests show strong floristic links with surrounding oligotrophic habitats and the Guiana Shield. Biotropica 48(1):47-57.

Garnas, J.R., Auger-Rozenberg, M.A., Roques, A., Bertelsmeier, C., Wingfield, M.J., Saccaggi, D.L., Roy, H.E., and Slippers, B. 2016. Complex patterns of global spread in invasive insects: eco-evolutionary and management consequences. Biol. Invasions 18(4):935-952.

Garnett, S.T., Lawes, M.J., James, R., Bigland, K., and Zander, K.K. 2016. Portrayal of sustainability principles in the mission statements and on home pages of the world's largest organizations. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):297-307.

Garris, H.W., Baldwin, S.A., Van Hamme, J.D., Gardner, W.C., and Fraser, L.H. 2016. Genomics to assist mine reclamation: a review. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):165-173.

Gérard, A., Jourdan, H., Millon, A., and Vidal, E. 2016. Knocking on heaven's door: are novel invaders necessarily facing naive native species on islands? PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151545.

Gerber, L.R. 2016. Conservation triage or injurious neglect in endangered species recovery. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113(13):3563-3566.

Gibert, P., Hill, M., Pascual, M., Plantamp, C., Terblanche, J.S., Yassin, A., and Sgrò, C.M. 2016. Drosophila as models to understand the adaptive process during invasion. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1089-1103.

Giupponi, A.P.D., and de Miranda, G.S. 2016. Eight new species of Charinus Simon, 1892 (Arachnida: Amblypygi: Charinidae) endemic for the Brazilian Amazon, with notes on their conservational status. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148277.

Gornish, E.S., and dos Santos, P.A. 2016. Invasive species cover, soil type, and grazing interact to predict long-term grassland restoration success. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):222-229.

Gramza, A., Teel, T., VandeWoude, S., and Crooks, K. 2016. Understanding public perceptions of risk regarding outdoor pet cats to inform conservation action. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):276-286.

Griffen, B.D. 2016. Scaling the consequences of interactions between invaders from the individual to the population level. Ecol. Evol. 6(6):1769-1777.

Guarnieri, G., Bevilacqua, S., De Leo, F., Farella, G., Maffia, A., Terlizzi, A., and Fraschetti, S. 2016. The challenge of planning conservation strategies in threatened seascapes: understanding the role of fine scale assessments of community response to cumulative human pressures. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0149253.

Gubbi, S., Mukherjee, K., Swaminath, M.H., and Poornesha, H.C. 2016. Providing more protected space for tigers Panthera tigris: a landscape conservation approach in the Western Ghats, southern India. Oryx 50(2):336-343.

Guidugli, M.C., Nazareno, A.G., Feres, J.M., Contel, E.P.B., Mestriner, M.A., and Alzate-Marin, A.L. 2016. Small but not isolated: a population genetic survey of the tropical tree Cariniana estrellensis (Lecythidaceae) in a highly fragmented habitat. Heredity 116(3):339-347.

Gupta, N., Kanagavel, A., Dandekar, P., Dahanukar, N., Sivakumar, K., Mathur, V.B., and Raghavan, R. 2016. God's fishes: religion, culture and freshwater fish conservation in India. Oryx 50(2):244-249.

Gupta, N., Nautiyal, P., Borgohain, A., Sivakumar, K., Mathur, V.B., and Chadwick, M.A. 2016. Catch-and-release angling as a management tool for freshwater fish conservation in India. Oryx 50(2):250-256.

Gustafson, G.T., and Sites, R.W. 2016. A North American biodiversity hotspot gets richer: a new species of whirligig beetle (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae) from the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 109(1):42-48.

Güemes, J., Marchal, F., Carrió, E., and Blasco, M.P. 2016. A new gypsophilous species of Chaenorhinum (Antirrhinaceae) from the south-east of the Iberian Peninsula. Plant Biosyst. 150(1):141-151.

Hajek, A.E., Hurley, B.P., Kenis, M., Garnas, J.R., Bush, S.J., Wingfield, M.J., van Lenteren, J.C., and Cock, M.J.W. 2016. Exotic biological control agents: a solution or contribution to arthropod invasions? Biol. Invasions 18(4):953-969.

Harding, G., Griffiths, R.A., and Pavajeau, L. 2016. Developments in amphibian captive breeding and reintroduction programs. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):340-349.

Hardwick, B., Kaartinen, R., Koponen, M., and Roslin, T. 2016. A rapid assessment of a poorly known insect group. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(1):49-62.

Harpenslager, S.F., Lamers, L.P.M., van der Heide, T., Roelofs, J.G.M., and Smolders, A.J.P. 2016. Harnessing facilitation: why successful re-introduction of Stratiotes abides requires high densities under high nitrogen loading. Biol. Conserv. 195:17-23.

Harrisson, K.A., Pavlova, A., da Silva, A.G., Rose, R., Bull, J.K., Lancaster, M.L., Murray, N., Quin, B., Menkhorst, P., Magrath, M.J.L., and Sunnucks, P. 2016. Scope for genetic rescue of an endangered subspecies though re-establishing natural gene flow with another subspecies. Mol. Ecol. 25(6):1242-1258.

Hart, K.M., Zawada, D.G., Sartain, A.R., and Fujisaki, I. 2016. Breeding loggerhead marine turtles Caretta caretta in Dry Tortugas National Park, USA, showhigh fidelity to diverse habitats near nesting beaches. Oryx 50(2):283-288.

Haupt, K.J., and Phelps, Q.E. 2016. Mesohabitat associations in the Mississippi River Basin: a long-term study on the catch rates and physical habitat associations of juvenile silver carp and two native planktivores. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):93-99.

Haurez, B., Tagg, N., Petre, C.A., Vermeulen, C., and Doucet, J.L. 2016. Short term impact of selective logging on a western lowland gorilla population. Forest Ecol. Manag. 364:46-51.

Havemann, C.P., Retief, T.A., Tosh, C.A., and De Bruyn, P.J.N. 2016. Roan antelope Hippotragus equinus in Africa: a review of abundance, threats and ecology. Mamm. Rev. 46(2):144-158.

Havmoller, R.G., Payne, J., Ramono, W., Ellis, S., Yoganand, K., Long, B., Dinerstein, E., Williams, A.C., Putra, R.H., Gawi, J., Talukdar, B.K., and Burgess, N. 2016. Will current conservation responses save the Critically Endangered Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis? Oryx 50(2):355-359.

Hedrick, P.W., Hoeck, P.E.A., Fleischer, R.C., Farabaugh, S., and Masuda, B.M. 2016. The influence of captive breeding management on founder representation and inbreeding in the 'Alalā, the Hawaiian crow. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):369-378.

Hendrick, V.J., Hutchison, Z.L., and Last, K.S. 2016. Sediment burial intolerance of marine macroinvertebrates. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0149114.

Herath, P., Beauseigle, S., Dhillon, B., Ojeda, D.I., Bilodeau, G., Isabel, N., Gros-Louis, M.C., Kope, H., Zeglen, S., Hamelin, R.C., and Feau, N. 2016. Anthropogenic signature in the incidence and distribution of an emerging pathogen of poplars. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1147-1161.

Herdegen, M., Radwan, J., Sobczynska, U., Dabert, M., Konjević, D., Schlichter, J., and Jurczyszyn, M. 2016. Population structure of edible dormouse in Poland: the role of habitat fragmentation and implications for conservation. J. Zool. 298(3):217-224.

Hernández, A., Miranda, M.D., Arellano, E.C., and Dobbs, C. 2016. Landscape trajectories and their effect on fragmentation for a Mediterranean semi-arid ecosystem in Central Chile. J. Arid Environ. 127:74-81.

Hernández, D.L., Vallano, D.M., Zavaleta, E.S., Tzankova, Z., Pasari, J.R., Weiss, S., Selmants, P.C., and Morozumi, C. 2016. Nitrogen pollution is linked to US listed species declines. BioScience 66(3):213-222.

Higuti, J., and Martens, K. 2016. Invasive South American floating plants are a successful substrate for native Central African pleuston. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1191-1201.

Hill, M.P., Bertelsmeier, C., Clusella-Trullas, S., Garnas, J., Robertson, M.P., and Terblanche, J.S. 2016. Predicted decrease in global climate suitability masks regional complexity of invasive fruit fly species response to climate change. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1105-1119.

Hill, M.P., Clusella-Trullas, S., Terblanche, J.S., and Richardson, D.M. 2016. Drivers, impacts, mechanisms and adaptation in insect invasions. Biol. Invasions 18(4):883-891.

Hirsch, P.E., Burkhardt-Holm, P., Töpfer, I., and Fischer, P. 2016. Movement patterns and shelter choice of spiny-cheek crayfish (Orconectes limosus) in a large lake's littoral zone. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):55-65.

Hirsch, P.E., N'Guyen, A., Adrian-Kalchhauser, I., and Burkhardt-Holm, P. 2016. What do we really know about the impacts of one of the 100 worst invaders in Europe? A reality check. Ambio 45(3):267-279.

Hobbs, R.J. 2016. Degraded or just different? Perceptions and value judgements in restoration decisions. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):153-158.

Hollings, T., Jones, M., Mooney, N., and McCallum, H. 2016. Disease-induced decline of an apex predator drives invasive dominated states and threatens biodiversity. Ecology 97(2):394-405.

Holmes, N.D., Howald, G.R., Wegmann, A.S., Donlan, C.J., Finkelstein, M., and Keitt, B. 2016. The potential for biodiversity offsetting to fund invasive species eradications on islands. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):425-427.

Horreo, J.L., Raab, R., Spakovszky, P., and Alonso, J.C. 2016. Genetic structure of the threatened West-Pannonian population of Great Bustard (Otis tarda). PeerJ 4:e1759.

Howlader, M.S.A., Nair, A., and Merilä, J. 2016. A new species of frog (Anura: Dicroglossidae) discovered from the mega city of Dhaka. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0149597.

Huang, A.C., Elliott, J.E., Cheng, K.M., Ritland, K., Ritland, C.E., Thomsen, S.K., Hindmarch, S., and Martin, K. 2016. Barn owls (Tyto alba) in western North America: phylogeographic structure, connectivity, and genetic diversity. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):357-367.

Huang, X.Y., Li, F., and Chen, J.K. 2016. Reserve network planning for fishes in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin by systematic conservation approaches. Sci. China Life Sci. 59(3):312-324.

Hubbard, K.A., Chalfoun, A.D., and Gerow, K.G. 2016. The relative influence of road characteristics and habitat on adjacent lizard populations in arid shrublands. J. Herpetol. 50(1):29-36.

Hudson, M.A., Young, R.P., Lopez, J., Martin, L., Fenton, C., McCrea, R., Griffiths, R.A., Adams, S.L., Gray, G., Garcia, G., and Cunningham, A.A. 2016. In-situ itraconazole treatment improves survival rate during an amphibian chytridiomycosis epidemic. Biol. Conserv. 195:37-45.

Hui, C., Richardson, D.M., Landi, P., Minoarivelo, H.O., Garnas, J., and Roy, H.E. 2016. Defining invasiveness and invasibility in ecological networks. Biol. Invasions 18(4):971-983.

Hurd, L.E., Sousa, R.G.C., Siqueira-Souza, F.K., Cooper, G.J., Kahn, J.R., and Freitas, C.E.C. 2016. Amazon floodplain fish communities: habitat connectivity and conservation in a rapidly deteriorating environment. Biol. Conserv. 195:118-127.

Hurley, B.P., Garnas, J., Wingfield, M.J., Branco, M., Richardson, D.M., and Slippers, B. 2016. Increasing numbers and intercontinental spread of invasive insects on eucalypts. Biol. Invasions 18(4):921-933.

Hutter, C.R., Liu, V., Kell, T., Lyons, J.A., and Guayasamin, J.M. 2016. The natural history, distribution, and conservation of lonely rainfrogs, Pristimantis eremitus. Herpetologica 72(1):13-22.

Iles, D.T., Salguero-Gómez, R., Adler, P.B., and Koons, D.N. 2016. Linking transient dynamics and life history to biological invasion success. J. Ecol. 104(2):399-408.

Imbert, C., Caniglia, R., Fabbri, E., Milanesi, P., Randi, E., Serafini, M., Torretta, E., and Meriggi, A. 2016. Why do wolves eat livestock? Factors influencing wolf diet in northern Italy. Biol. Conserv. 195:156-168.

Ingberman, B., Fusco-Costa, R., and Monteiro, E.L.D. 2016. A current perspective on the historical geographic distribution of the endangered muriquis (Brachyteles spp.): implications for conservation. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150906.

Iverson, L., Knight, K.S., Prasad, A., Herms, D.A., Matthews, S., Peters, M., Smith, A., Hartzler, D.M., Long, R., and Almendinger, J. 2016. Potential species replacements for black ash (Fraxinus nigra) at the confluence of two threats: emerald ash borer and a changing climate. Ecosystems 19(2):248-270.

Jackson, M.C., Woodford, D.J., Bellingan, T.A., Weyl, O.L.F., Potgieter, M.J., Rivers-Moore, N.A., Ellender, B.R., Fourie, H.E., and Chimimba, C.T. 2016. Trophic overlap between fish and riparian spiders: potential impacts of an invasive fish on terrestrial consumers. Ecol. Evol. 6(6):1745-1752.

Jaffé, R., Castilla, A., Pope, N., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L., Metzger, J.P., Arias, M.C., and Jha, S. 2016. Landscape genetics of a tropical rescue pollinator. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):267-278.

Jager, H.I., Parsley, M.J., Cech, J.J., McLaughlin, R.L., Forsythe, P.S., Elliott, R.F., and Pracheil, B.M. 2016. Reconnecting fragmented sturgeon populations in North American rivers. Fisheries 41(3):140-148.

Januschke, K., and Verdonschot, R.C.M. 2016. Effects of river restoration on riparian ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Europe. Hydrobiologia 769(1):93-104.

Jaramillo, M., Donaghy-Cannon, M., Vargas, F.H., and Parker, P.G. 2016. The diet of the Galapagos hawk (Buteo galapagoensis) before and after goat eradication. J. Raptor Res. 50(1):33-44.

Jarchow, C.J., Hossack, B.R., Sigafus, B.H., Schwalbe, C.R., and Muths, E. 2016. Modeling habitat connectivity to inform reintroductions: a case study with the Chiricahua leopard frog. J. Herpetol. 50(1):63-69.

Jennings, H., Wallin, K., Brennan, J., Del Valle, A., Guzman, A., Hein, D., Hunter, S., Lewandowski, A., Olson, S., Parsons, H., Scheidt, S., Wang, Z.Z., Werra, A., Kartzinel, R.Y., and Givnish, T.J. 2016. Inbreeding, low genetic diversity, and spatial genetic structure in the endemic Hawaiian lobeliads Clermontia fauriei and Cyanea pilosa ssp. longipedunculata. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):497-502.

Ječmenica, V., Droissart, V., Noret, N., and Stévart, T. 2016. Taxonomy of Atlantic Central African orchids 5. A new species of Angraecum sect. Conchoglossum (Orchidaceae, Angraecinae) from Gabon and Cameroon. PhytoKeys 61:61-71.

Jiang, Y., Liu, Q., Yang, E.J., Wang, M., Lee, Y., and Lee, S. 2016. An approach to bioassess pelagic ciliate biodiversity at different taxonomic resolutions in response to various habitats in the Amundsen Sea (Antarctica). Polar Biol. 39(3):485-495.

Jones, C., Newsome, D., and Macbeth, J. 2016. Understanding the conflicting values associated with motorized recreation in protected areas. Ambio 45(3):323-330.

Jones, J.A., and Swan, C.M. 2016. Community composition and diversity of riparian forests regulate decomposition of leaf litter in stream ecosystems. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):230-234.

Joppa, L.N., Butchart, S.H.M., Hoffmann, M., Bachman, S.P., Akcakaya, H.R., Moat, J.F., Bohm, M., Holland, R.A., Newton, A., Polidoro, B., and Hughes, A. 2016. Impact of alternative metrics on estimates of extent of occurrence for extinction risk assessment. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):362-370.

Jordan, C.A., Schank, C.J., Urquhart, G.R., and Dans, A.J. 2016. Terrestrial mammal occupancy in the context of widespread forest loss and a proposed interoceanic canal in Nicaragua's decreasingly remote south Caribbean region. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151372.

Joshi, R. 2016. Rajaji Tiger Reserve: conservation opportunities and challenges. Curr. Sci. 110(6):959-960.

Juarez, R.L., Schwartz, M.K., Pilgrim, K.L., Thompson, D.J., Tucker, S.A., Smith, J.B., and Jenks, J.A. 2016. Assessing temporal genetic variation in a cougar population: influence of harvest and neighboring populations. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):379-388.

Juslén, A., Cardoso, P., Kullberg, J., Saari, S., and Kaila, L. 2016. Trends of extinction risk for Lepidoptera in Finland: the first national Red List Index of butterflies and moths. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(2):118-123.

Juslén, A., Pykälä, J., Kuusela, S., Kaila, L., Kullberg, J., Mattila, J., Muona, J., Saari, S., and Cardoso, P. 2016. Application of the Red List Index as an indicator of habitat change. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):569-585.

Juswara, L., Schuiteman, A., and Droissart, V. 2016. Four new orchid species from the Lengguru fold belt, West Papua, Indonesia. PhytoKeys 61:47-59.

Käffer, M.I., Dantas, R.V., and Martins, S.M.D. 2016. Characterization of the epiphytic lichen vegetation in a riparian forest in southern Brazil. Plant Ecol. Evol. 149(1):92-100.

Kang, W., Minor, E.S., Lee, D., and Park, C.R. 2016. Predicting impacts of climate change on habitat connectivity of Kalopanax septemlobus in South Korea. Acta Oecol. 71:31-38.

Karamanlidis, A.A., Dendrinos, P., de Larrinoa, P.F., Gücü, A.C., Johnson, W.M., Kiraç, C.O., and Pires, R. 2016. The Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus: status, biology, threats, and conservation priorities. Mamm. Rev. 46(2):92-105.

Katouzian, A.R., Sari, A., Macher, J.N., Weiss, M., Saboori, A., Leese, F., and Weigand, A.M. 2016. Drastic underestimation of amphipod biodiversity in the endangered Irano-Anatolian and Caucasus biodiversity hotspots. Sci. Rep. 6:22507.

Kattan, G.H., Muñoz, M.C., and Kikuchi, D.W. 2016. Population densities of curassows, guans, and chachalacas (Cracidae): effects of body size, habitat, season, and hunting. Condor 118(1):24-32.

Kearns, A.M., Joseph, L., White, L.C., Austin, J.J., Baker, C., Driskell, A.C., Malloy, J.F., and Omland, K.E. 2016. Norfolk Island Robins are a distinct endangered species: ancient DNA unlocks surprising relationships and phenotypic discordance within the Australo-Pacific Robins. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):321-335.

Kelly, E., and Phillips, B.L. 2016. Targeted gene flow for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):259-267.

Kendall, M.S., Poti, M., and Karnauskas, K.B. 2016. Climate change and larval transport in the ocean: fractional effects from physical and physiological factors. Global Change Biol. 22(4):1532-1547.

Kerfoot, W.C., Hobmeier, M.M., Yousef, F., Lafrancois, B.M., Maki, R.P., and Hirsch, J.K. 2016. A plague of waterfleas (Bythotrephes): impacts on microcrustacean community structure, seasonal biomass, and secondary production in a large inland-lake complex. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1121-1145.

Kerr, N.Z., Baxter, P.W.J., Salguero-Gómez, R., Wardle, G.M., and Buckley, Y.M. 2016. Prioritizing management actions for invasive populations using cost, efficacy, demography and expert opinion for 14 plant species world-wide. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):305-316.

Kideghesho, J.R. 2016. Reversing the trend of wildlife crime in Tanzania: challenges and opportunities. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):427-449.

Kilshaw, K., Montgomery, R.A., Campbell, R.D., Hetherington, D.A., Johnson, P.J., Kitchener, A.C., Macdonald, D.W., and Millspaugh, J.J. 2016. Mapping the spatial configuration of hybridization risk for an endangered population of the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) in Scotland. Mamm. Res. 61(1):1-11.

Kite, R., Nelson, T., Stenhouse, G., and Darimont, C. 2016. A movement-driven approach to quantifying grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) near-road movement patterns in west-central Alberta, Canada. Biol. Conserv. 195:24-32.

Kjeldsen, S.R., Zenger, K.R., Leigh, K., Ellis, W., Tobey, J., Phalen, D., Melzer, A., FitzGibbon, S., and Raadsma, H.W. 2016. Genome-wide SNP loci reveal novel insights into koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) population variability across its range. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):337-353.

Klicka, L.B., Kus, B.E., Title, P.O., and Burns, K.J. 2016. Conservation genomics reveals multiple evolutionary units within Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii). Conserv. Genet. 17(2):455-471.

Knowlton, A.R., Robbins, J., Landry, S., McKenna, H.A., Kraus, S.D., and Werner, T.B. 2016. Effects of fishing rope strength on the severity of large whale entanglements. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):318-328.

Koç, M., and Hamzaoğlu, E. 2016. Eremogone ali-gulii (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from Turkey. PhytoKeys 61:93-99.

Koop, J.A.H., Kim, P.S., Knutie, S.A., Adler, F., and Clayton, D.H. 2016. An introduced parasitic fly may lead to local extinction of Darwin's finch populations. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):511-518.

Kovach, R.P., Luikart, G., Lowe, W.H., Boyer, M.C., and Muhlfeld, C.C. 2016. Risk and efficacy of human-enabled interspecific hybridization for climate-change adaptation: response to Hamilton and Miller (2016). Conserv. Biol. 30(2):428-430.

Krause, B., and Farina, A. 2016. Using ecoacoustic methods to survey the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. Biol. Conserv. 195:245-254.

Kreps, T.A., Larson, E.R., and Lodge, D.M. 2016. Do invasive rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) decouple littoral and pelagic energy flows in lake food webs? Freshwater Sci. 35(1):103-113.

Krishna, Y.C., Kumar, A., and Isvaran, K. 2016. Wild ungulate decision-making and the role of tiny refuges in human-dominated landscapes. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151748.

Kumschick, S., Devenish, A., Kenis, M., Rabitsch, W., Richardson, D.M., and Wilson, J.R.U. 2016. Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1077-1088.

Lacoeuilhe, A., Machon, N., Julien, J.F., and Kerbiriou, C. 2016. Effects of hedgerows on bats and bush crickets at different spatial scales. Acta Oecol. 71:61-72.

Lafferriere, N.A.R., Antelo, R., Alda, F., Mårtensson, D., Hailer, F., Castroviejo-Fisher, S., Ayarzagüena, J., Ginsberg, J.R., Castroviejo, J., Doadrio, I., Vilá, C., and Amato, G. 2016. Multiple paternity in a reintroduced population of the Orinoco crocodile (Crocodylus intermedius) at the El Frio Biological Station, Venezuela. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150245.

Lamb, A., Balmford, A., Green, R.E., and Phalan, B. 2016. To what extent could edge effects and habitat fragmentation diminish the potential benefits of land sparing? Biol. Conserv. 195:264-271.

Landvik, M., Niemelä, P., and Roslin, T. 2016. Opportunistic habitat use by Osmoderma barnabita (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), a saproxylic beetle dependent on tree cavities. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(1):38-48.

Laporte, M., Perrier, C., Magnan, P., and Berrebi, P. 2016. Genetic evidence of recent migration among isolated-by-sea populations of the freshwater blenny (Salaria fluviatilis). Conserv. Genet. 17(2):389-399.

Lathlean, J.A., Seuront, L., McQuaid, C.D., Ng, T.P.T., Zardi, G.I., and Nicastro, K.R. 2016. Cheating the locals: invasive mussels steal and benefit from the cooling effect of indigenous mussels. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0152556.

Lavoie, R., Deslandes, J., and Proulx, F. 2016. Assessing the ecological value of wetlands using the MACBETH approach in Quebec City. J. Nature Conserv. 30:67-75.

Le Roux, D.S., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Bistricer, G., Manning, A.D., and Gibbons, P. 2016. Enriching small trees with artificial nest boxes cannot mimic the value of large trees for hollow-nesting birds. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):252-258.

Leal, A.I., Rainho, A., Martins, R.C., Granadeiro, J.P., and Palmeirim, J.M. 2016. Modelling future scenarios to improve woodland landscapes for birds in the Mediterranean. J. Nature Conserv. 30:103-112.

Lecocq, T., Coppée, A., Michez, D., Brasero, N., Rasplus, J.Y., Valterová, I., and Rasmont, P. 2016. The alien's identity: consequences of taxonomic status for the international bumblebee trade regulations. Biol. Conserv. 195:169-176.

Lee, A.T.K., and Barnard, P. 2016. Endemic birds of the Fynbos biome: a conservation assessment and impacts of climate change. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):52-68.

Lees, A.C., Peres, C.A., Fearnside, P.M., Schneider, M., and Zuanon, J.A.S. 2016. Hydropower and the future of Amazonian biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):451-466.

Lehikoinen, A., and Virkkala, R. 2016. North by north-west: climate change and directions of density shifts in birds. Global Change Biol. 22(3):1121-1129.

Leon, M., Merner, M.J., Dreyer, A.A., Cooper, A., Scott, L., Berendzen, P.B., McCullough, D.A., and Merten, E.C. 2016. Range expansion of the invasive rusty crayfish Orconectes rusticus (Girard, 1852) (Decapoda: Astacoidea) in northeastern Iowa (USA) rivers. J. Crustacean Biol. 36(1):99-104.

Leong, M., Ponisio, L.C., Kremen, C., Thorp, R.W., and Roderick, G.K. 2016. Temporal dynamics influenced by global change: bee community phenology in urban, agricultural, and natural landscapes. Global Change Biol. 22(3):1046-1053.

Lester, L.A., Ramirez, M.G., Kneidel, A.H., and Heckscher, C.M. 2016. Use of a Florida gulf coast barrier island by spring trans-gulf migrants and the projected effects of sea level rise on habitat availability. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0148975.

Li, B.B.V., and Pimm, S.L. 2016. China's endemic vertebrates sheltering under the protective umbrella of the giant panda. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):329-339.

Li, F.R., Liu, J.L., Sun, T.S., Ma, L.F., Liu, L.L., and Yang, K. 2016. Impact of established shrub shelterbelts around oases on the diversity of ground beetles in arid ecosystems of Northwestern China. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(2):135-148.

Li, X.S., Luo, Y.Q., Yang, H.Y., Yang, Q.S., Settele, J., and Schweiger, O. 2016. On the ecology and conservation of Sericinus montelus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) - its threats in Xiaolongshan Forests area (China). PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150833.

Liang, J.J., Watson, J.V., Zhou, M., and Lei, X.D. 2016. Effects of productivity on biodiversity in forest ecosystems across the United States and China. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):308-317.

Liebhold, A.M., Yamanaka, T., Roques, A., Augustin, S., Chown, S.L., Brockerhoff, E.G., and Pyšek, P. 2016. Global compositional variation among native and non-native regional insect assemblages emphasizes the importance of pathways. Biol. Invasions 18(4):893-905.

Lieury, N., Besnard, A., Ponchon, C., Ravayrol, A., and Millon, A. 2016. Geographically isolated but demographically connected: Immigration supports efficient conservation actions in the recovery of a range-margin population of the Bonelli's eagle in France. Biol. Conserv. 195:272-278.

Lindenmayer, D., Crane, M., Blanchard, W., Okada, S., and Montague-Drake, R. 2016. Do nest boxes in restored woodlands promote the conservation of hollow-dependent fauna? Restor. Ecol. 24(2):244-251.

Lion, M.B., Garda, A.A., Santana, D.J., and Fonseca, C.R. 2016. The conservation value of small fragments for Atlantic Forest reptiles. Biotropica 48(2):265-275.

Liquete, C., Cid, N., Lanzanova, D., Grizzetti, B., and Reynaud, A. 2016. Perspectives on the link between ecosystem services and biodiversity: The assessment of the nursery function. Ecol. Indic. 63:249-257.

Lodh, R., and Agarwala, B.K. 2016. Rapid assessment of diversity and conservation of butterflies in Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary: An Indo-Burmese hotspot - Tripura, NE India. Trop. Ecol. 57(2):231-242.

Low, Y.W., Sugau, J.B., and Wong, K.M. 2016. Hydnophytum puffii (Rubiaceae: Psychotrieae), a new ant-plant from Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Plant Ecol. Evol. 149(1):123-130.

Lu, L.M., Wen, J., and Chen, Z.D. 2016. Cayratia cheniana (Vitaceae): an endangered new species endemic to the Limestone Mountains of Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam. Syst. Bot. 41(1):49-55.

Machado, F.S., Fontes, M.A.L., dos Santos, R.M., Garcia, P.O., and Farrapo, C.L. 2016. Tree diversity of small forest fragments in ecotonal regions: why must these fragments be preserved? Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):525-537.

Maciel, E.A., and Eisenlohr, P.V. 2016. On the collective analysis of species: how can Red Lists and lists of regional priorities be combined to assist in decision-making? A reply to Lhmus (2015). Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):611-614.

Makarewicz, J.C., Lewis, T.W., and Makarewicz, J.A. 2016. Invasive species induced food web disruption, alternative regimes, and cyanobacteria dominance in a pelagic food web: a case history. Inland Waters 6(1):35-53.

Malavasi, M., Santoro, R., Cutini, M., Acosta, A.T.R., and Carranza, M.L. 2016. The impact of human pressure on landscape patterns and plant species richness in Mediterranean coastal dunes. Plant Biosyst. 150(1):73-82.

Mallari, N.A.D., Collar, N.J., McGowan, P.J.K., and Marsden, S.J. 2016. Philippine protected areas are not meeting the biodiversity coverage and management effectiveness requirements of Aichi Target 11. Ambio 45(3):313-322.

Mallon, D.P. 2016. From feast to famine on the steppes. Oryx 50(2):189-190.

Mammides, C., Kounnamas, C., Goodale, E., and Kadis, C. 2016. Do unpaved, low-traffic roads affect bird communities? Acta Oecol. 71:14-21.

Manfredo, M.J., Teel, T.L., and Dietsch, A.M. 2016. Implications of human value shift and persistence for biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):287-296.

Marchetti, M.P., and Engstrom, T. 2016. The conservation paradox of endangered and invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):434-437.

Marshall, K.N., Stier, A.C., Samhouri, J.F., Kelly, R.P., and Ward, E.J. 2016. Conservation challenges of predator recovery. Conserv. Lett. 9(1):70-78.

Martin, H., Touzet, P., Van Rossum, F., Delalande, D., and Arnaud, J.F. 2016. Phylogeographic pattern of range expansion provides evidence for cryptic species lineages in Silene nutans in Western Europe. Heredity 116(3):286-294.

Mathers, K.L., Chadd, R.P., Extence, C.A., Rice, S.P., and Wood, P.J. 2016. The implications of an invasive species on the reliability of macroinvertebrate biomonitoring tools used in freshwater ecological assessments. Ecol. Indic. 63:23-28.

Mayhew, M., Convery, I., Armstrong, R., and Sinclair, B. 2016. Public perceptions of a white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla L.) restoration program. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):271-279.

McCarroll, J., Chambers, F.M., Webb, J.C., and Thom, T. 2016. Using palaeoecology to advise peatland conservation: an example from West Arkengarthdale, Yorkshire, UK. J. Nature Conserv. 30:90-102.

McCluskey, E.M., Mockford, S.W., Sands, K., Herman, T.B., Johnson, G., and Gonser, R.A. 2016. Population genetic structure of Blanding's Turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) in New York. J. Herpetol. 50(1):70-76.

McConnachie, M.M., Romero, C., Ferraro, P.J., and van Wilgen, B.W. 2016. Improving credibility and transparency of conservation impact evaluations through the partial identification approach. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):371-381.

McGrady, M.J., Al Fazari, W.A., Al Jahdhami, M.H., Hines, J.E., and Oli, M.K. 2016. Survival of Sooty Falcons (Falco concolor) breeding in Oman. J. Ornithol. 157(2):427-437.

McMeans, B.C., McCann, K.S., Tunney, T.D., Fisk, A.T., Muir, A.M., Lester, N., Shuter, B., and Rooney, N. 2016. The adaptive capacity of lake food webs: from individuals to ecosystems. Ecol. Monogr. 86(1):4-19.

Medina-Macedo, L., de Lacerda, A.E.B., Sebbenn, A., Ribeiro, J., Soccol, C., and Bittencourt, J. 2016. Using genetic diversity and mating system parameters estimated from genetic markers to determine strategies for the conservation of Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Kuntze (Araucariaceae). Conserv. Genet. 17(2):413-423.

Mello, T.J., and de Oliveira, A.A. 2016. Making a bad situation worse: an invasive species altering the balance of interactions between local species. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0152070.

Miller, J.M., and Hamilton, J.A. 2016. Interspecies hybridization in the conservation toolbox: response to Kovach etal. (2016). Conserv. Biol. 30(2):431-433.

Minden, V., and Gorschlüter, J. 2016. Comparison of native and non-native Impatiens species across experimental light and nutrient gradients. Plant Ecol. Evol. 149(1):59-72.

Monk, J., Barrett, N.S., Hill, N.A., Lucieer, V.L., Nichol, S.L., Siwabessy, P.J.W., and Williams, S.B. 2016. Outcropping reef ledges drive patterns of epibenthic assemblage diversity on cross-shelf habitats. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):485-502.

Morellato, L.P.C., Alberton, B., Alvarado, S.T., Borges, B., Buisson, E., Camargo, M.G.G., Cancian, L.F., Carstensen, D.W., Escobar, D.F.E., Leite, P.T.P., Mendoza, I., Rocha, N.M.W.B., Soares, N.C., Silva, T.S.F., Staggemeier, V.G., Streher, A.S., Vargas, B.C., and Peres, C.A. 2016. Linking plant phenology to conservation biology. Biol. Conserv. 195:60-72.

Morgan-Richards, M., Hinlo, A.R., Smuts-Kennedy, C., Innes, J., Ji, W.H., Barry, M., Brunton, D., and Hitchmough, R.A. 2016. Identification of a rare gecko from north island New Zealand, and genetic assessment of its probable origin: a novel mainland conservation priority? J. Herpetol. 50(1):77-86.

Morrison, S.A. 2016. Designing virtuous socio-ecological cycles for biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 195:9-16.

Morrison, T.A., Keinath, D., Estes-Zumpf, W., Crall, J.P., and Stewart, C.V. 2016. Individual identification of the endangered Wyoming toad Anaxyrus baxteri and implications for monitoring species recovery. J. Herpetol. 50(1):44-49.

Moss, W.E., Alldredge, M.W., and Pauli, J.N. 2016. Quantifying risk and resource use for a large carnivore in an expanding urban-wildland interface. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):371-378.

Mukul, S.A., Herbohn, J., and Firn, J. 2016. Tropical secondary forests regenerating after shifting cultivation in the Philippines uplands are important carbon sinks. Sci. Rep. 6:22483.

Nagar, L.R., and Shenkar, N. 2016. Temperature and salinity sensitivity of the invasive ascidian Microcosmus exasperatus Heller, 1878. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):33-43.

Naha, D., Jhala, Y.V., Qureshi, Q., Roy, M., Sankar, K., and Gopal, R. 2016. Ranging, activity and habitat use by tigers in the mangrove forests of the Sundarban. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0152119.

Nakajima, Y., Zayasu, Y., Shinzato, C., Satoh, N., and Mitarai, S. 2016. Genetic differentiation and connectivity of morphological types of the broadcast-spawning coral Galaxea fascicularis in the Nansei Islands, Japan. Ecol. Evol. 6(5):1457-1469.

Namgay, R., and Wangchuk, S. 2016. Habitat preferences and conservation threats to Black-necked Cranes wintering in Bhutan. Springerplus 5:228.

Naveda-Rodríguez, A., Vargas, F.H., Kohn, S., and Zapata-Ríos, G. 2016. Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) in Ecuador: geographic distribution, population size and extinction risk. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151827.

Nebot, A., Cogoni, D., Fenu, G., and Bacchetta, G. 2016. Floral biology and breeding system of the narrow endemic Dianthus morisianus Vals. (Caryophyllaceae). Flora 219:1-7.

Nelms, S.E., Duncan, E.M., Broderick, A.C., Galloway, T.S., Godfrey, M.H., Hamann, M., Lindeque, P.K., and Godley, B.J. 2016. Plastic and marine turtles: a review and call for research. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73(2):165-181.

Nemésio, A., Silva, D.P., Nabout, J.C., and Varela, S. 2016. Effects of climate change and habitat loss on a forest-dependent bee species in a tropical fragmented landscape. Insect Conserv. Divers. 9(2):149-160.

Nghiem, L.T.P., Papworth, S.K., Lim, F.K.S., and Carrasco, L.R. 2016. Analysis of the capacity of Google Trends to measure interest in conservation topics and the role of online news. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0152802.

Nimmo, D.G., Haslem, A., Radford, J.Q., Hall, M., and Bennett, A.F. 2016. Riparian tree cover enhances the resistance and stability of woodland bird communities during an extreme climatic event. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):449-458.

Nolte, C. 2016. Identifying challenges to enforcement in protected areas: empirical insights from 15 Colombian parks. Oryx 50(2):317-322.

Noroozi, J., Moser, D., and Essl, F. 2016. Diversity, distribution, ecology and description rates of alpine endemic plant species from Iranian mountains. Alpine Bot. 126(1):1-9.

Nuijten, R.J.M., Bosse, M., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Madsen, O., Schaftenaar, W., Ryder, O.A., Groenen, M.A.M., and Megens, H.J. 2016. The use of genomics in conservation management of the endangered Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons). Int. J. Genomics 2016:5613862.

Nussbaumer, Y., Cole, M.A., Offler, C.E., and Patrick, J.W. 2016. Identifying and ameliorating nutrient limitations to reconstructing a forest ecosystem on mined land. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):202-211.

Obolski, U., Hadany, L., and Abelson, A. 2016. Potential contribution of fish restocking to the recovery of deteriorated coral reefs: an alternative restoration method? PeerJ 4:e1732.

Ogston, G., Beatty, S.J., Morgan, D.L., Pusey, B.J., and Lymbery, A.J. 2016. Living on burrowed time: aestivating fishes in south-western Australia face extinction due to climate change. Biol. Conserv. 195:235-244.

Oishi, Y., and Morimoto, Y. 2016. Identifying indicator species for bryophyte conservation in fragmented forests. Landsc. Ecol. Eng. 12(1):107-114.

Oliveira, M.O., Freitas, B.M., Scheper, J., and Kleijn, D. 2016. Size and sex-dependent shrinkage of Dutch bees during one-and-a-half centuries of land-use change. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148983.

Ordóñez, V., Pascual, M., Fernández-Tejedor, M., and Turon, X. 2016. When invasion biology meets taxonomy: Clavelina oblonga (Ascidiacea) is an old invader in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1203-1215.

Orizaola, G., and Laurila, A. 2016. Developmental plasticity increases at the northern range margin in a warm-dependent amphibian. Evol. Appl. 9(3):471-478.

Ortega, L., Celentano, E., Delgado, E., and Defeo, O. 2016. Climate change influences on abundance, individual size and body abnormalities in a sandy beach clam. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 545:203-213.

Ortmans, W., Mahy, G., and Monty, A. 2016. Effects of seed traits variation on seedling performance of the invasive weed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Acta Oecol. 71:39-46.

Ostrowski, S., Rahmani, H., Ali, J.M., Ali, R., and Zahler, P. 2016. Musk deer Moschus cupreus persist in the eastern forests of Afghanistan. Oryx 50(2):323-328.

Packer, J.G., Delean, S., Kueffer, C., Prider, J., Abley, K., Facelli, J.M., and Carthew, S.M. 2016. Native faunal communities depend on habitat from non-native plants in novel but not in natural ecosystems. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):503-523.

Pan, Y., Wei, G., Cunningham, A.A., Li, S.Z., Chen, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J., and Turvey, S.T. 2016. Using local ecological knowledge to assess the status of the Critically Endangered Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus in Guizhou Province, China. Oryx 50(2):257-264.

Pannell, D.J., and Gibson, F.L. 2016. Environmental cost of using poor decision metrics to prioritize environmental projects. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):382-391.

Papes, M., Havel, J.E., and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2016. Using maximum entropy to predict the potential distribution of an invasive freshwater snail. Freshwater Biol. 61(4):457-471.

Parry, G.D., and Hirst, A.J. 2016. Decadal decline in demersal fish biomass coincident with a prolonged drought and the introduction of an exotic starfish. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 544:37-52.

Pearson, S.F., Knapp, S.M., and Sundstrom, C. 2016. Evaluating the ecological and behavioural factors influencing Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus egg hatching and the potential benefits of predator exclosures. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):100-118.

Peltzer, D.A., Kurokawa, H., and Wardle, D.A. 2016. Soil fertility and disturbance interact to drive contrasting responses of co-occurring native and nonnative species. Ecology 97(2):515-529.

Penk, M.R., Jeschke, J.M., Minchin, D., and Donohue, I. 2016. Warming can enhance invasion success through asymmetries in energetic performance. J. Anim. Ecol. 85(2):419-426.

Perea, R., and Gutiérrez-Galán, A. 2016. Introducing cultivated trees into the wild: wood pigeons as dispersers of domestic olive seeds. Acta Oecol. 71:73-79.

Perger, R., and Guerra, F. 2016. The description of a new calyptrate fly mimicking species of the fungus weevil genus Gymnognathus Schönherr 1826 from the southern Bolivian Andes (Coleoptera: Anthribidae: Anthribinae). Zootaxa 4084(2):277-284.

Perkins, L.B., and Hatfield, G. 2016. Can commercial soil microbial treatments remediate plant-soil feedbacks to improve restoration seedling performance? Restor. Ecol. 24(2):194-201.

Perring, M.P., De Frenne, P., Baeten, L., Maes, S.L., Depauw, L., Blondeel, H., Carón, M.M., and Verheyen, K. 2016. Global environmental change effects on ecosystems: the importance of land-use legacies. Global Change Biol. 22(4):1361-1371.

Pfeifer, M., Kor, L., Nilus, R., Turner, E., Cusack, J., Lysenko, I., Khoo, M., Chey, V.K., Chung, A.C., and Ewers, R.M. 2016. Mapping the structure of Borneo's tropical forests across a degradation gradient. Remote Sens. Environ. 176:84-97.

Pfeiffer, J.M., Johnson, N.A., Randklev, C.R., Howells, R.G., and Williams, J.D. 2016. Generic reclassification and species boundaries in the rediscovered freshwater mussel 'Quadrula' mitchelli (Simpson in Dall, 1896). Conserv. Genet. 17(2):279-292.

Pfeiler, E., Laclette, M.R.L., and Markow, T.A. 2016. Butterfly biodiversity in a threatened coastal desert ecosystem of northwestern Mexico, with a focus on the life history and ecology of potentially endangered species. J. Lepid. Soc. 70(1):47-60.

Piersma, T., Lok, T., Chen, Y., Hassell, C.J., Yang, H.Y., Boyle, A., Slaymaker, M., Chan, Y.C., Melville, D.S., Zhang, Z.W., and Ma, Z.J. 2016. Simultaneous declines in summer survival of three shorebird species signals a flyway at risk. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):479-490.

Piertney, S.B., Black, A., Watt, L., Christie, D., Poncet, S., and Collins, M.A. 2016. Resolving patterns of population genetic and phylogeographic structure to inform control and eradication initiatives for brown rats Rattus norvegicus on South Georgia. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):332-339.

Pilczynska, J., Cocito, S., Boavida, J., Serrão, E., and Queiroga, H. 2016. Genetic diversity and local connectivity in the Mediterranean red gorgonian coral after mass mortality events. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150590.

Pompei, L., Giannetto, D., and Lorenzoni, M. 2016. The non-native goby Padogobius bonelli in the River Tiber, Italy and its effect on the reproductive potential of the native goby, P. nigricans. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):83-92.

Popović, D., Szczepkowski, M., Heese, T., and Weglenski, P. 2016. Introgression of peled (Coregonus peled) into European whitefish (C. lavaretus) in Poland. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):503-508.

Poupin, J. 2016. First inventory of the Crustacea (Decapoda, Stomatopoda) of Juan de Nova Island with ecological observations and comparison with nearby islands in the Mozambique channel (Europa, Glorieuses, Mayotte). Acta Oecol. 72:41-52.

Pozsgai, G., Baird, J., Littlewood, N.A., Pakeman, R.J., and Young, M.R. 2016. Long-term changes in ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages in Scotland. Ecol. Entomol. 41(2):157-167.

Priti, H., Aravind, N.A., Shaanker, R.U., and Ravikanth, G. 2016. Modeling impacts of future climate on the distribution of Myristicaceae species in the Western Ghats, India. Ecol. Eng. 89:14-23.

Puglisi, C., Middleton, D.J., and Suddee, S. 2016. Four new species of Microchirita (Gesneriaceae) from Thailand. Kew Bull. 71(1):2.

Quinten, M.C., Nopiansyah, F., and Hodges, J.K. 2016. First estimates of primate density and abundance in Siberut National Park, Mentawai Islands, Indonesia. Oryx 50(2):364-367.

Rabitsch, W., Graf, W., Huemer, P., Kahlen, M., Komposch, C., Paill, W., Reischütz, A., Reischütz, P.L., Moser, D., and Essl, F. 2016. Biogeography and ecology of endemic invertebrate species in Austria: a cross-taxon analysis. Basic Appl. Ecol. 17(2):95-105.

Rademaker, M., Meijaard, E., Semiadi, G., Blokland, S., Neilson, E.W., and Rode-Margono, E.J. 2016. First ecological study of the Bawean warty pig (Sus blouchi), one of the rarest pigs on earth. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0151732.

Radinger, J., Hölker, F., Horký, P., Slavík, O., Dendoncker, N., and Wolter, C. 2016. Synergistic and antagonistic interactions of future land use and climate change on river fish assemblages. Global Change Biol. 22(4):1505-1522.

Ramos, R., Ramírez, I., Paiva, V.H., Militão, T., Biscoito, M., Menezes, D., Phillips, R.A., Zino, F., and González-Solís, J. 2016. Global spatial ecology of three closely-related gadfly petrels. Sci. Rep. 6:23447.

Reidy, J.L., Thompson, F.R., Amundson, C., and O'Donnell, L. 2016. Landscape and local effects on occupancy and densities of an endangered wood-warbler in an urbanizing landscape. Landscape Ecol. 31(2):365-382.

Reina-Rodríguez, G.A., Rubiano, J.E., Llanos, F.A.C., and Otero, J.T. 2016. Spatial distribution of dry forest orchids in the Cauca River Valley and Dagua Canyon: towards a conservation strategy to climate change. J. Nature Conserv. 30:32-43.

Reisalu, G., Kotta, J., Herkül, K., and Kotta, I. 2016. The invasive amphipod Gammarus tigrinus Sexton, 1939 displaces native gammarid amphipods from sheltered macrophyte habitats of the Gulf of Riga. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):45-54.

Reuter, K.E., Gilles, H., Wills, A.R., and Sewall, B.J. 2016. Live capture and ownership of lemurs in Madagascar: extent and conservation implications. Oryx 50(2):344-354.

Ribeiro, J., Colli, G.R., Caldwell, J.P., and Soares, A.M.V.M. 2016. An integrated trait-based framework to predict extinction risk and guide conservation planning in biodiversity hotspots. Biol. Conserv. 195:214-223.

Richardson, M.L., Keathley, C.P., and Peterson, C.L. 2016. Breeding system of the critically endangered Lakela's Mint and influence of plant height on pollinators and seed output. Pop. Ecol. 58(2):277-284.

Rivas, M.L., Fernández, C., and Marco, A. 2016. Nesting ecology and population trend of leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea at Pacuare Nature Reserve, Costa Rica. Oryx 50(2):274-282.

Robinson, O.J., McGowan, C.P., and Devers, P.K. 2016. Updating movement estimates for American black ducks (Anas rubripes). PeerJ 4:e1787.

Ronchi, H.N., Hassemer, G., Ardissone, R.E., and Trevisan, R. 2016. Novelties in Fimbristylis (Cyperaceae, Abildgaardieae): three new species and a lecto- and epitypification. Syst. Bot. 41(1):166-173.

Roques, A., Auger-Rozenberg, M.A., Blackburn, T.M., Garnas, J., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Richardson, D.M., Wingfield, M.J., Liebhold, A.M., and Duncan, R.P. 2016. Temporal and interspecific variation in rates of spread for insect species invading Europe during the last 200 years. Biol. Invasions 18(4):907-920.

Rose, E.T., and Simons, T.R. 2016. Avian response to fire in pine-oak forests of Great Smoky Mountains National Park following decades of fire suppression. Condor 118(1):179-193.

Rose, L.E., Heard, G.W., Chee, Y.E., and Wintle, B.A. 2016. Cost-effective conservation of an endangered frog under uncertainty. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):350-361.

Rossi, A.R., Milana, V., Pulcini, D., Cataudella, S., Martinoli, M., and Tancioni, L. 2016. An integrated genetic and morphological approach to clarify the conservation status of the threatened Italian endemic species Alburnus albidus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Hydrobiologia 770(1):73-87.

Roth, S., and Jehle, R. 2016. High genetic diversity of common toad (Bufo bufo) populations under strong natural fragmentation on a Northern archipelago. Ecol. Evol. 6(6):1626-1636.

Roy, H.E., Brown, P.M.J., Adriaens, T., Berkvens, N., Borges, I., Clusella-Trullas, S., Comont, R.F., De Clercq, P., Eschen, R., Estoup, A., Evans, E.W., Facon, B., Gardiner, M.M., Gil, A., Grez, A.A., Guillemaud, T., Haelewaters, D., Herz, A., Honek, A., Howe, A.G., Hui, C., Hutchison, W.D., Kenis, M., Koch, R.L., Kulfan, J., Handley, L.L., Lombaert, E., Loomans, A., Losey, J., Lukashuk, A.O., Maes, D., Magro, A., Murray, K.M., San Martin, G., Martinkova, Z., Minnaar, I.A., Nedved, O., Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M.J., Osawa, N., Rabitsch, W., Ravn, H.P., Rondoni, G., Rorke, S.L., Ryndevich, S.K., Saethre, M.G., Sloggett, J.J., Soares, A.O., Stals, R., Tinsley, M.C., Vandereycken, A., van Wielink, P., Viglášová, S., Zach, P., Zakharov, I.A., Zaviezo, T., and Zhao, Z.H. 2016. The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis: global perspectives on invasion history and ecology. Biol. Invasions 18(4):997-1044.

Rózsa, J., Strand, T.M., Montadert, M., Kozma, R., and Höglund, J. 2016. Effects of a range expansion on adaptive and neutral genetic diversity in dispersal limited Hazel grouse (Bonasa bonasia) in the French Alps. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):401-412.

Rushing, C.S., Ryder, T.B., Scarpignato, A.L., Saracco, J.F., and Marra, P.P. 2016. Using demographic attributes from long-term monitoring data to delineate natural population structure. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):491-500.

Saccaggi, D.L., Karsten, M., Robertson, M.P., Kumschick, S., Somers, M.J., Wilson, J.R.U., and Terblanche, J.S. 2016. Methods and approaches for the management of arthropod border incursions. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1057-1075.

Sales, L.P., Hayward, M.W., and Passamani, M. 2016. Local vs landscape drivers of primate occupancy in a Brazilian fragmented region. Mamm. Res. 61(1):73-82.

Salvarina, I. 2016. Bats and aquatic habitats: a review of habitat use and anthropogenic impacts. Mamm. Rev. 46(2):131-143.

Sampson, J.F., and Byrne, M. 2016. Assessing genetic structure in a rare clonal eucalypt as a basis for augmentation and introduction translocations. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):293-304.

Saracco, J.F., Radley, P., Pyle, P., Rowan, E., Taylor, R., and Helton, L. 2016. Linking vital rates of landbirds on a tropical island to rainfall and vegetation greenness. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148570.

Sasaki, K., Ichinose, T., Doko, T., Imoto, I., and Jopp, F. 2016. Establishment of laurel forest vegetation in adjacent secondary forest in central Japan. Landsc. Ecol. Eng. 12(1):61-72.

Saunders, M.I., Brown, C.J., Foley, M.M., Febria, C.M., Albright, R., Mehling, M.G., Kavanaugh, M.T., and Burfeind, D.D. 2016. Human impacts on connectivity in marine and freshwater ecosystems assessed using graph theory: a review. Mar. Freshwater Res. 67(3):277-290.

Schaming, T.D. 2016. Clark's nutcracker breeding season space use and foraging behavior. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0149116.

Schlatter, K.J., Faist, A.M., and Collinge, S.K. 2016. Using performance standards to guide vernal pool restoration and adaptive management. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):145-152.

Schmucki, R., Pe'er, G., Roy, D.B., Stefanescu, C., Van Swaay, C.A.M., Oliver, T.H., Kuussaari, M., Van Strien, A.J., Ries, L., Settele, J., Musche, M., Carnicer, J., Schweiger, O., Brereton, T.M., Harpke, A., Heliölä, J., Kühn, E., and Julliard, R. 2016. A regionally informed abundance index for supporting integrative analyses across butterfly monitoring schemes. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):501-510.

Schneider, E.E., Meador, A.J.S., and Covington, W.W. 2016. Reference conditions and historical changes in an unharvested ponderosa pine stand on sedimentary soil. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):212-221.

Schwalm, D., Epps, C.W., Rodhouse, T.J., Monahan, W.B., Castillo, J.A., Ray, C., and Jeffress, M.R. 2016. Habitat availability and gene flow influence diverging local population trajectories under scenarios of climate change: a place-based approach. Global Change Biol. 22(4):1572-1584.

Seidel, B., Brasher, A., Auerswald, K., and Geist, J. 2016. Physicochemical characteristics, community assemblages, and food web structure in anchialine pools along the Kona Coast on the Island of Hawaii, USA. Hydrobiologia 770(1):225-241.

Semmens, B.X., Semmens, D.J., Thogmartin, W.E., Wiederholt, R., López-Hoffman, L., Diffendorfer, J.E., Pleasants, J.M., Oberhauser, K.S., and Taylor, O.R. 2016. Quasi-extinction risk and population targets for the Eastern, migratory population of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus). Sci. Rep. 6:23265.

Shapiro, H.G., Erickson, K.A., Peterson, M.N., Frew, K.N., Stevenson, K.T., and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Which species to conserve: evaluating children's species-based conservation priorities. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):539-553.

Shaw, J.M., Jenkins, A.R., Allan, D.G., and Ryan, P.G. 2016. Population size and trends of Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii and other large terrestrial birds in the Karoo, South Africa. Bird Conserv. Int. 26(1):69-86.

Sheaves, M. 2016. Simple processes drive unpredictable differences in estuarine fish assemblages: baselines for understanding site-specific ecological and anthropogenic impacts. Estuarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 170:61-69.

Shen, X.L., Bourg, N.A., McShea, W.J., and Turner, B.L. 2016. Long-term effects of white-tailed deer exclusion on the invasion of exotic plants: a case study in a mid-Atlantic temperate forest. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151825.

Shinneman, D.J., Means, R.E., Potter, K.M., and Hipkins, V.D. 2016. Exploring climate niches of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex Lawson) haplotypes in the western United States: implications for evolutionary history and conservation. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151811.

Siewert, R.R., Gomes, G.C., Gallo, M.C., and Iserhard, C.A. 2016. Stichelia pelotensis (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae): conservation, notes, and rediscovery of an endangered butterfly from southern Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60(1):105-108.

Signorile, A.L., Reuman, D.C., Lurz, P.W.W., Bertolino, S., Carbone, C., and Wang, J. 2016. Using DNA profiling to investigate human-mediated translocations of an invasive species. Biol. Conserv. 195:97-105.

Silveira, J.M., Louzada, J., Barlow, J., Andrade, R., Mestre, L., Solar, R., Lacau, S., and Cochrane, M.A. 2016. A multi-taxa assessment of biodiversity change after single and recurrent wildfires in a Brazilian Amazon Forest. Biotropica 48(2):170-180.

Singh, G., Padalia, H., Rai, I.D., Bharti, R.R., and Rawat, G.S. 2016. Spatial extent and conservation status of Banj oak (Quercus leucotrichophora A. Camus) forests in Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya. Trop. Ecol. 57(2):255-262.

Slancarova, J., Bartonova, A., Zapletal, M., Kotilinek, M., Fric, Z.F., Micevski, N., Kati, V., and Konvicka, M. 2016. Life history traits reflect changes in Mediterranean butterfly communities due to forest encroachment. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0152026.

Smith, N.P., Mori, S.A., Law, W., and Ribeiro, M. 2016. Conservation assessment of Lecythidaceae from eastern Brazil. Kew Bull. 71(1):14.

Snow, N., Young, S.L., and Callmander, M.W. 2016. Syzygium dawsoniana (Myrtaceae): a new species from New Caledonia with bullate leaves. Syst. Bot. 41(1):197-201.

Sousa-Santos, C., Robalo, J.I., Pereira, A.M., Branco, P., Santos, J.M., Ferreira, M.T., Sousa, M., and Doadrio, I. 2016. Broad-scale sampling of primary freshwater fish populations reveals the role of intrinsic traits, inter-basin connectivity, drainage area and latitude on shaping contemporary patterns of genetic diversity. PeerJ 4:e1694.

Sozanska-Stanton, M., Carey, P.D., Griffiths, G.H., Vogiatzakis, I.N., Treweek, J., Butcher, B., Charlton, M.B., Keenleyside, C., Arnell, N.W., Tucker, G., and Smithy, P. 2016. Balancing conservation and climate change - a methodology using existing data demonstrated for twelve UK priority habitats. J. Nature Conserv. 30:76-89.

Sreekumar, V.B., Sakthivel, R.S., and Sreejith, K.A. 2016. Distribution mapping and conservation of Rhopaloblaste augusta (Kurz) H. E. Moore in Nicobar Islands, India. Trop. Ecol. 57(2):271-277.

Steenweg, R., Hebblewhite, M., Gummer, D., Low, B., and Hunt, B. 2016. Assessing potential habitat and carrying capacity for reintroduction of plains bison (Bison bison bison) in Banff National Park. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0150065.

Stehmann, J.R., and Moreira, N.C. 2016. Solanum lagoense (Solanaceae, Geminata clade), a new species from Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. PhytoKeys 61:15-25.

Stewart, F.E.C., Heim, N.A., Clevenger, A.P., Paczkowski, J., Volpe, J.P., and Fisher, J.T. 2016. Wolverine behavior varies spatially with anthropogenic footprint: implications for conservation and inferences about declines. Ecol. Evol. 6(5):1493-1503.

Su, Z.H., Pan, B.R., Zhang, M.L., and Shi, W. 2016. Conservation genetics and geographic patterns of genetic variation of endangered shrub Ammopiptanthus (Fabaceae) in northwestern China. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):485-496.

Suárez-Esteban, A., Fahrig, L., Delibes, M., and Fedriani, J.M. 2016. Can anthropogenic linear gaps increase plant abundance and diversity? Landscape Ecol. 31(4):721-729.

Sýkorová, Z., Rydlová, J., Slavíková, R., Ness, T., Kohout, P., and Puschel, D. 2016. Forest reclamation of fly ash deposit: a field study on appraisal of mycorrhizal inoculation. Restor. Ecol. 24(2):184-193.

Szczecińska, M., Sramko, G., Wołosz, K., and Sawicki, J. 2016. Genetic diversity and population structure of the rare and endangered plant species Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill in east central Europe. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151730.

Tantipisanuh, N., Savini, T., Cutter, P., and Gale, G.A. 2016. Biodiversity gap analysis of the protected area system of the Indo-Burma Hotspot and priorities for increasing biodiversity representation. Biol. Conserv. 195:203-213.

Taubmann, J., Sharma, K., Uulu, K.Z., Hines, J.E., and Mishra, C. 2016. Status assessment of the endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia and other large mammals in the Kyrgyz Alay, using community knowledge corrected for imperfect detection. Oryx 50(2):220-230.

Temple, A.J., Tregenza, N., Amir, O.A., Jiddawi, N., and Berggren, P. 2016. Spatial and temporal variations in the occurrence and foraging activity of coastal dolphins in Menai bay, Zanzibar, Tanzania. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0148995.

Thomas, J., El-Sheikh, M.A., Alfarhan, A.H., Alatar, A.A., Sivadasan, M., Basahi, M., Al-Obaid, S., and Rajakrishnan, R. 2016. Impact of alien invasive species on habitats and species richness in Saudi Arabia. J. Arid Environ. 127:53-65.

Thomas, S.M., Kiljunen, M., Malinen, T., Eloranta, A.P., Amundsen, P.A., Lodenius, M., and Kahilainen, K.K. 2016. Food-web structure and mercury dynamics in a large subarctic lake following multiple species introductions. Freshwater Biol. 61(4):500-517.

Thomas, Y., Pouvreau, S., Alunno-Bruscia, M., Barillé, L., Gohin, F., Bryère, P., and Gernez, P. 2016. Global change and climate-driven invasion of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) along European coasts: a bioenergetics modelling approach. J. Biogeogr. 43(3):568-579.

Thompson, M.E., Nowakowski, A.J., and Donnelly, M.A. 2016. The importance of defining focal assemblages when evaluating amphibian and reptile responses to land use. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):249-258.

Thuppil, V., and Coss, R.G. 2016. Playback of felid growls mitigates crop-raiding by elephants Elephas maximus in southern India. Oryx 50(2):329-335.

Thwe-Thwe-Win, Hirao, T., and Goto, S. 2016. Genetic composition of exotic and native teak (Tectona grandis) in Myanmar as revealed by cpSNP and nrSSR markers. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):251-258.

Tiberio, F.C.S., Sampaio-e-Silva, T.A., Matos, D.M.S., and Antunes, A.Z. 2016. The risks of introduction of the Amazonian palm Euterpe oleracea in the Atlantic rainforest. Braz. J. Biol. 76(1):66-72.

Torres, R.T., and Fonseca, C. 2016. Perspectives on the Iberian wolf in Portugal: population trends and conservation threats. Biodivers. Conserv. 25(3):411-425.

Toussaint, A., Charpin, N., Brosse, S., and Villéger, S. 2016. Global functional diversity of freshwater fish is concentrated in the Neotropics while functional vulnerability is widespread. Sci. Rep. 6:22125.

Tuff, K.T., Tuff, T., and Davies, K.F. 2016. A framework for integrating thermal biology into fragmentation research. Ecol. Lett. 19(4):361-374.

Tulloch, A.I.T., Barnes, M.D., Ringma, J., Fuller, R.A., and Watson, J.E.M. 2016. Understanding the importance of small patches of habitat for conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):418-429.

Tumursukh, L., Suryawanshi, K.R., Mishra, C., McCarthy, T.M., and Boldgiv, B. 2016. Status of the mountain ungulate prey of the endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in the Tost Local Protected Area, South Gobi, Mongolia. Oryx 50(2):214-219.

Twidwell, D., West, A.S., Hiatt, W.B., Ramirez, A.L., Winter, J.T., Engle, D.M., Fuhlendorf, S.D., and Carlson, J.D. 2016. Plant invasions or fire policy: which has altered fire behavior more in tallgrass prairie? Ecosystems 19(2):356-368.

Uyeda, L.T., Iskandar, E., Purbatrapsila, A., Pamungkas, J., Wirsing, A., and Dyes, R.C. 2016. The role of traditional beliefs in conservation of herpetofauna in Banten, Indonesia. Oryx 50(2):296-301.

Van Dinh, K., Janssens, L., Therry, L., Gyulavári, H.A., Bervoets, L., and Stoks, R. 2016. Rapid evolution of increased vulnerability to an insecticide at the expansion front in a poleward-moving damselfly. Evol. Appl. 9(3):450-461.

Vanderduys, E.P., Reside, A.E., Grice, A., and Rechetelo, J. 2016. Addressing potential cumulative impacts of development on threatened species: the case of the endangered black-throated finch. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0148485.

Vasconcelos, T.S., and Do Nascimento, B.T.M. 2016. Potential climate-driven impacts on the distribution of generalist treefrogs in South America. Herpetologica 72(1):23-31.

Viciani, D., Lastrucci, L., Geri, F., and Foggi, B. 2016. Gap analysis comparing protected areas with potential natural vegetation in Tuscany (Italy) and a GIS procedure to bridge the gaps. Plant Biosyst. 150(1):62-72.

Vila, A.R., Falabella, V., Gálvez, M., Farías, A., Droguett, D., and Saavedra, B. 2016. Identifying high-value areas to strengthen marine conservation in the channels and fjords of the southern Chile ecoregion. Oryx 50(2):308-316.

Visconti, P., Bakkenes, M., Baisero, D., Brooks, T., Butchart, S.H.M., Joppa, L., Alkemade, R., Di Marco, M., Santini, L., Hoffmann, M., Maiorano, L., Pressey, R.L., Arponen, A., Boitani, L., Reside, A.E., van Vuuren, D.P., and Rondinini, C. 2016. Projecting global biodiversity indicators under future development scenarios. Conserv. Lett. 9(1):5-13.

Vislobokov, N.A., Nuraliev, M.S., Kuznetsov, A.N., and Kuznetsova, S.P. 2016. Aspidistra cylindrica (Asparagaceae), a new species from southern Vietnam. Syst. Bot. 41(1):160-165.

Waldman, J., Wilson, K.A., Mather, M., and Snyder, N.P. 2016. A resilience approach can improve anadromous fish restoration. Fisheries 41(3):116-126.

Wallace, Z.P., Kennedy, P.L., Squires, J.R., Oakleaf, R.J., Olson, L.E., and Dugger, K.M. 2016. Re-occupancy of breeding territories by ferruginous hawks in Wyoming: relationships to environmental and anthropogenic factors. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0152977.

Walters, K.M., and Babbar-Sebens, M. 2016. Using climate change scenarios to evaluate future effectiveness of potential wetlands in mitigating high flows in a Midwestern US watershed. Ecol. Eng. 89:80-102.

Walters, T.M., Mazzotti, F.J., and Fitz, H.C. 2016. Habitat selection by the invasive species Burmese python in southern Florida. J. Herpetol. 50(1):50-56.

Wan, J.Z., Wang, C.J., Yu, J.H., Nie, S.M., Han, S.J., Liu, J.Z., Zu, Y.G., and Wang, Q.G. 2016. Developing conservation strategies for Pinus koraiensis and Eleutherococcus senticosus by using model-based geographic distributions. J. Forest. Res. 27(2):389-400.

Wang, C.J., Wan, J.Z., Zhang, G.M., Zhang, Z.X., and Zhang, J. 2016. Protected areas may not effectively support conservation of endangered forest plants under climate change. Environ. Earth Sci. 75(6):466.

Wang, H., Wang, Q., Bowler, P.A., and Xiong, W. 2016. Invasive aquatic plants in China. Aquat. Invasions 11(1):1-9.

Wang, K., Zhang, S.H., Wang, D.Q., Wu, J.M., Wang, C.Y., and Wei, Q.W. 2016. Conservation genetics assessment and phylogenetic relationships of critically endangered Hucho bleekeri in China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 32(2):343-349.

Wang, L., Young, S.S., Wang, W., Ren, G.P., Xiao, W., Long, Y.C., Li, J.S., and Zhu, J.G. 2016. Conservation priorities of forest ecosystems with evaluations of connectivity and future threats: implications in the Eastern Himalaya of China. Biol. Conserv. 195:128-135.

Wang, T.M., Feng, L.M., Mou, P., Wu, J.G., Smith, J.L.D., Xiao, W.H., Yang, H.T., Dou, H.L., Zhao, X.D., Cheng, Y.C., Zhou, B., Wu, H.Y., Zhang, L., Tian, Y., Guo, Q.X., Kou, X.J., Han, X.M., Miquelle, D.G., Oliver, C.D., Xu, R.M., and Ge, J.P. 2016. Amur tigers and leopards returning to China: direct evidence and a landscape conservation plan. Landscape Ecol. 31(3):491-503.

Wang, Y.C., and Onal, H. 2016. Optimal design of compact and connected nature reserves for multiple species. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):413-424.

Ward-Fear, G., Greenlees, M.J., and Shine, R. 2016. Toads on lava: spatial ecology and habitat use of invasive cane toads (Rhinella marina) in Hawai’i. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0151700.

Ware, C., Berge, J., Jelmert, A., Olsen, S.M., Pellissier, L., Wisz, M., Kriticos, D., Semenov, G., Kwaśniewski , S., and Alsos, I.G. 2016. Biological introduction risks from shipping in a warming Arctic. J. Appl. Ecol. 53(2):340-349.

Watson, J.E.M., Darling, E.S., Venter, O., Maron, M., Walston, J., Possingham, H.P., Dudley, N., Hockings, M., Barnes, M., and Brooks, T.M. 2016. Bolder science needed now for protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 30(2):243-248.

Watson, R.T., McClure, C.J.W., Vargas, F.H., and Jenny, J.P. 2016. Trial restoration of the harpy eagle, a large, long-lived, tropical forest raptor, in Panama and Belize. J. Raptor Res. 50(1):3-22.

Watts, K., Vanhala, T., Connolly, T., and Cottrell, J. 2016. Striking the right balance between site and landscape-scale conservation actions for a woodland insect within a highly fragmented landscape: a landscape genetics perspective. Biol. Conserv. 195:146-155.

Weiland, P.S., Glen, A., Meyer, S., Quarles, S., Thornton, R., and Wahlberg, B. 2016. Analysis of data on endangered species consultations reveals nothing regarding their economic impacts. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113(12):E1593.

Whittock, P.A., Pendoley, K.L., and Hamann, M. 2016. Flexible foraging: post-nesting flatback turtles on the Australian continental shelf. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 477:112-119.

Whitworth, A., Villacampa, J., Brown, A., Huarcaya, R.P., Downie, R., and MacLeod, R. 2016. Past human disturbance effects upon biodiversity are greatest in the canopy; a case study on rainforest butterflies. PLoS ONE 11(3):e0150520.

Williams, B.K., and Brown, E.D. 2016. Technical challenges in the application of adaptive management. Biol. Conserv. 195:255-263.

Williams, R., Moore, J.E., Gomez-Salazar, C., Trujillo, F., and Burt, L. 2016. Searching for trends in river dolphin abundance: designing surveys for looming threats, and evidence for opposing trends of two species in the Colombian Amazon. Biol. Conserv. 195:136-145.

Wilson, R.R., Parrett, L.S., Joly, K., and Dau, J.R. 2016. Effects of roads on individual caribou movements during migration. Biol. Conserv. 195:2-8.

Wingfield, M.J., Garnas, J.R., Hajek, A., Hurley, B.P., de Beer, Z.W., and Taerum, S.J. 2016. Novel and co-evolved associations between insects and microorganisms as drivers of forest pestilence. Biol. Invasions 18(4):1045-1056.

Wood, K.R., Lorence, D.H., and Kiehn, M. 2016. Coprosma kawaikiniensis (Rubiaceae) a new species from the Dubautia-Sadleria shrubland-fernland community on Kaua'i, Hawaiian Islands. PhytoKeys 60:21-32.

Wynne, J.J., and Shear, W.A. 2016. A new millipede, Austrotyla awishoshola n. sp., (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Conotylidae) from New Mexico, USA, and the importance of cave moss gardens as refugial habitats. Zootaxa 4084(2):285-292.

Xavier, J.C., Raymond, B., Jones, D.C., and Griffiths, H. 2016. Biogeography of cephalopods in the Southern Ocean using habitat suitability prediction models. Ecosystems 19(2):220-247.

Xavier, R.O., Alday, J.G., Marrs, R.H., and Matos, D.M.S. 2016. The role of Pteridium arachnoideum (Kaulf) on the seed bank of the endangered Brazilian Cerrado. Braz. J. Biol. 76(1):256-267.

Xiao, Y., Ouyang, Z.Y., Xu, W.H., Xiao, Y., Zheng, H., and Xian, C.F. 2016. Optimizing hotspot areas for ecological planning and management based on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Chinese Geogr. Sci. 26(2):256-269.

Xie, N., Chen, L.N., Wong, K.M., Cui, Y.Z., and Yang, H.Q. 2016. Seed set and natural regeneration of Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro after mass and sporadic flowering in Yunnan, China. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0153845.

Xu, Y., Shen, Z.H., Ying, L.X., Ciais, P., Liu, H.Y., Piao, S.L., Wen, C., and Jiang, Y.X. 2016. The exposure, sensitivity and vulnerability of natural vegetation in China to climate thermal variability (1901-2013): An indicator-based approach. Ecol. Indic. 63:258-272.

Yabsley, N.A., Olds, A.D., Connolly, R.M., Martin, T.S.H., Gilby, B.L., Maxwell, P.S., Huijbers, C.M., Schoeman, D.S., and Schlacher, T.A. 2016. Resource type influences the effects of reserves and connectivity on ecological functions. J. Anim. Ecol. 85(2):437-444.

Yannic, G., St-Laurent, M.H., Ortego, J., Taillon, J., Beauchemin, A., Bernatchez, L., Dussault, C., and Côté, S.D. 2016. Integrating ecological and genetic structure to define management units for caribou in Eastern Canada. Conserv. Genet. 17(2):437-453.

Yong, D.L., and Peh, K.S.H. 2016. South-east Asia's forest fires: blazing the policy trail. Oryx 50(2):207-212.

Young, J.C., Searle, K., Butler, A., Simmons, P., Watt, A.D., and Jordan, A. 2016. The role of trust in the resolution of conservation conflicts. Biol. Conserv. 195:196-202.

Yu, B.W., Chao, X.L., Zhang, J.D., Xu, W.H., and Ouyang, Z.Y. 2016. Effectiveness of nature reserves for natural forests protection in tropical Hainan: a 20 year analysis. Chinese Geogr. Sci. 26(2):208-215.

Zenboudji, S., Cheylan, M., Arnal, V., Bertolero, A., Leblois, R., Astruc, G., Bertorelle, G., Pretus, J.L., Lo Valvo, M., Sotgiu, G., and Montgelard, C. 2016. Conservation of the endangered Mediterranean tortoise Testudo hermanni hermanni: the contribution of population genetics and historical demography. Biol. Conserv. 195:279-291.

Zhang, P., Hu, K.J., Yang, B., and Yang, D.H. 2016. Snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus spp.): conservation challenges in the face of environmental uncertainty. Sci. Bull. 61(5):345-348.

Ziółkowska, E., Perzanowski, K., Bleyhl, B., Ostapowicz, K., and Kuemmerle, T. 2016. Understanding unexpected reintroduction outcomes: why aren't European bison colonizing suitable habitat in the Carpathians? Biol. Conserv. 195:106-117.


**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]