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Vicki Funk

Tibet, September 2006 (photo by D. Bell)

Vicki Funk

Senior Research Botanist & Curator

Phone: 202-633-0950
Fax: 202-786-2563
E-mail Address:

Postal Address
(Mail and Packages):

Smithsonian Institution
PO Box 37012
Washington, DC 20013-7012

Courier Address:
National Museum of Natural History
West Loading Dock
10th and Constitution Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20560-0166

     B. S., Murray State University, Biology and History, 1969, Murray State University, Murray, KY
     M. S., Murray State University, Biology, 1975. Thesis: A Floristic and Geologic Survey of Selected Seeps of Calloway County, KY.
     Ph. D., Ohio State University, 1980. Thesis: The Systematics of Montanoa Cerv. (Asteraceae).
     Postdoctoral Intern at the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, 1981.

Research Interests
     Systematics of the Compositae, including monographs, checklists, phylogenies and supertrees; theory and practice of phylogenetics and biogeography, especially global Compositae distributions and Pacific Biogeography; Biodiversity, the interface between systematics and conservation biology, especially from northeastern South America

Field Work
     Over 12,000 numbers collected primarily, Mexico, Andean South America, and South Africa.

Complete CV

Recent Publications - (All Publications)

Edwards, Robert D., Cantley, Jason T., Chau, Marian M., Keeley, Sterling C. and Funk, Vicki A. 2018. Biogeography and relationships within the Melanthera alliance: A pan-tropical lineage (Compositae: Heliantheae: Ecliptinae). Taxon, 67(3): 552-564. doi:10.12705/673.6

Funk, Vicki 2018. The 2017 Nicolson Fellow: Abdulwakeel Ayokun-Nun Ajao Studies the Southern African Species of Rhynchosia (Fabaceae). Taxon, 67(4): 825 doi:10.12705/674.28

Funk, Vicki A. 2018. Collections-based science in the 21st Century. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56(3): 175-193. doi:10.1111/jse.12315

Funk, Vicki A., Edwards, Robert and Keeley, Sterling 2018. The problem with(out) vouchers. Taxon, 67(1): 3-5. doi:10.12705/671.1

Thomson, Scott A., Pyle, Richard L., Ahyong, Shane T., Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel, Ammirati, Joe, Araya, Juan Francisco, Ascher, John S., Audisio, Tracy Lynn, Azevedo-Santos, Valter, Bailly, Nicolas, Baker, William J., Balke, Michael, Barclay, Maxwell V. L., Barrett, Russell L., Benine, Ricardo C., Bickerstaff, James R. M., Bouchard, Patrice, Bour, Roger, Bourgoin, Thierry, Boyko, Christopher B., Breure, Abraham S. H., Brothers, Denis J., Byng, James W., Campbell, David, Ceríaco, Luis M. P., et al 2018. Taxonomy based on science is necessary for global conservation. PLOS Biology, 16(3): 1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2005075

Xu, Xiaodan, Zheng, Wei, Funk, Vicki A., Li, Kexin, Zhang, Jie and Wen, Jun 2018. Home at last III: Transferring Uechtritzia and Asian Gerbera species into Oreoseris (Compositae, Mutisieae). Phytokeys, 96: 1-19. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.96.23142

Xu, Xiaodan, Zheng, Wei, Funk, Vicki A. and Wen, Jun 2018. Home at Last II: Gerbera hieracioides (Kunth) Zardini (Mutisieae, Asteraceae) is really a Chaptalia. Phytokeys, 95: 93-106. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.95.22916

Cardoso, Domingos, Särkinen, Tiina, Alexander, Sara, Amorim, André M., Bittrich, Volker, Celis, Marcela, Daly, Douglas C., Fiaschi, Pedro, Funk, Vicki Ann, Giacomin, Leandro L., Goldenberg, Renato, Heiden, Gustavo, Iganci, João, Kelloff, Carol L., Knapp, Sandra, de Lima, Haroldo Cavalcante, Machado, Anderson F. P., dos Santos, Rubens Manoel, Mello-Silva, Renato, Michelangeli, Fabián A., Mitchell, John, Moonlight, Peter, de Moraes, Pedro Luís Rodrigues, Mori, Scott A., Nunes, Teonildes Sacramento, et al 2017. Amazon plant diversity revealed by a taxonomically verified species list. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(40) doi:10.1073/pnas.1706756114

Funk, Vicki A., Gostel, Morgan, Devine, Amanda, Kelloff, Carol L., Wurdack, Kenneth J., Tuccinardi, Chris, Radosavljevic, Aleks, Peters, Melinda and Coddington, Jonathan 2017. Guidelines for collecting vouchers and tissues intended for genomic work (Smithsonian Institution): Botany Best Practices. Biodiversity Data Journal, 5 doi:10.3897/BDJ.5.e11625

Funk, Vicki Ann 2017. Tropical Plant Collections: Legacies from the Past? Essentials tools for the future?. In: Friis, Ib and Balslev, Henrik, Proceedings of an international symposium held by the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters in Copenhagen, 19th -21st of May 2015. : ,() pp.

Funk, Vicki Ann, Herendeen, Patrick and Knapp, Sandra 2017. A Recent Article in Nature Misrepresents the Role of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants. Taxon, 66(4): 1009 doi:10.12705/664.30

Funk, Vicki Ann, Herendeen, Patrick and Knapp, Sandra 2017. Taxonomy: naming algae, fungi, plants. Nature, 546(7660): 599 doi:10.1038/546599c

Funk, Vicki Ann and Robinson, Harold E. 2017. Nine species from Madagascar are moved from Vernonia to Distephanus (Compositae, Vernonieaea). Phytokeys, 77: 89-92. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.77.11727

Funk, Vicki Ann, Sancho, Gisela and Roque, Nadia 2017. Nahuatlea: a new genus of compositae (Gochnatieae) from North America. Phytokeys, 91: 105-124. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.91.21340

Schuettpelz, Eric, Frandsen, Paul, Dikow, Rebecca B., Brown, Abel, Orli, Sylvia, Peters, Melinda, Metallo, Adam, Funk, Vicki and Dorr, Laurence J. 2017. Applications of deep convolutional neural networks to digitized natural history collections. Biodiversity Data Journal, 5 doi:10.3897/BDJ.5.e21139

Sidlauskas, Brian L., Ferraris, Carl, Funk, Vicki Ann, Parenti, Lynne R., de Pinna, Mario and Reid, Gordon McGregor 2017. In Memoriam: Richard Peter Vari (August 24, 1949-January 15, 2016). Copeia, 105(1): 147-160. doi:10.1643/CI-16-550

Zhang, Ning, Erickson, David L., Ramachandran, Padmini, Ottesen, Andrea R., Timme, Ruth E., Funk, Vicki Ann, Luo, Yan and Handy, Sara M. 2017. An analysis of Echinacea chloroplast genomes: Implications for future botanical identification. Scientific Reports, 7 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00321-6

Zúñiga, Jose D., Gostel, Morgan R., Mulcahy, Daniel G., Barker, Katharine, Hill, Asia, Sedaghatpour, Maryam, Vo, Samantha Q., Funk, Vicki Ann and Coddington, Jonathan A. 2017. Data Release: DNA barcodes of plant species collected for the Global Genome Initiative for Gardens Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. PhytoKeys, 88: 119-122. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.88.14607

Funk, Vicki Ann and Hind, D. J. N. 2016. Typification of species names in Adenocaulon and Eriachaenium (Compositae/Asteraceae, Subfamily Mutisioideae, Tribe Mutisieae, Subtribe Adenocaulinae). PhytoKeys, 69: 121-128. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.69.9779

Funk, Vicki Ann, Pasini, Eduardo, Bonifacino, J. M. and Katinas, Liliana 2016. Home at last: the enigmatic genera Eriachaenium and Adenocaulon (Compositae, Mutisioideae, Mutisieae, Adenocaulinae). PhytoKeys, 60: 1-19. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.60.6795

Funk, Vicki Ann and Torland, Nicholas J. 2016. Institutional Votes at the XIX International Botanical Congress, Shenzhen, 2017: Report of the Special Committee on Institutional Votes. Taxon, 65(6): 1449-1454. doi:10.12705/656.33

Gostel, Morgan R., Kelloff, Carol L., Wallick, Kyle and Funk, Vicki Ann 2016. A workflow to preserve genome-quality tissue samples from plants in botanical gardens and arboreta. Applications in Plant Sciences, 4(9) doi:10.3732/apps.1600039

Henkel, Terry W., Kelloff, Carol L., Alexander, Sara N. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2016. Smithsonian Plant Collections, Guyana: 1992-2014, Terry W. Henkel. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 104: vi-206. doi:10.5479/si.1938-2812.104

Katinas, Liliana, Hernández, Marcelo P., Arambarri, Ana M. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2016. The origin of the bifurcating style in Asteraceae (Compositae). Annals of Botany, 117(6): 1009-1021. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw033

Nie, Ze-Long, Funk, Vicki Ann, Meng, Ying, Deng, Tao, Sun, Hang and Wen, Jun 2016. Recent assembly of the global herbaceous flora: evidence from the paper daisies (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae). New Phytologist, 209(4): 1795-1806. doi:10.1111/nph.13740

Pasini, Eduardo, Funk, Vicki Ann, de Souza-Chies, Tatiana T. and Miotto, Silvia T. S. 2016. New insights into the phylogeny and biogeography of the Gerbera-Complex (Asteraceae: Mutisieae). Taxon, 65(3): 547-562. doi:10.12705/653.7

Robinson, Harold E., Skvarla, John J. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2016. Vernonieae (Asteraceae) of southern Africa: A generic disposition of the species and a study of their pollen. Phytokeys, 60: 49-126. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.60.6734

Seberg, O., Droege, G., Barker, K., Coddington, Jonathan A., Funk, Vicki Ann, Gostel, Morgan, Petersen, G. and Smith, P. P. 2016. Global Genome Biodiversity Network: saving a blueprint of the Tree of Life - a botanical perspective. Annals of Botany, 118(3): 393-399. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw121

Wen, Jun, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie, Appelhans, Marc S., Dorr, Laurence J. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2015. Collections-based systematics: opportunities and outlook for 2050. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 53(6): 477-488. doi:10.1111/jse.12181

Alexander, Sara N., Hoffman, Bruce, Kelloff, Carol L. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2014. Smithsonian Plant Collections, the Guianas: 1991-1993 and 1995-2000, Bruce Hoffman. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 101: 1-188. doi:10.5479/si.19382812.101

Funk, Vicki Ann, Sancho, Gisela, Roque, Nadia, Kelloff, Carol L., Ventosa-Rodriguez, Iralys, Diazgranados, Mauricio, Bonifacino, J. Mauricio and Chan, Raymund 2014. A phylogeny of the Gochnatieae: Understanding a critically placed tribe in the Compositae. Taxon, 63(4): 859-882.

Funk, Vicki Ann and Wood, Kenneth R. 2014. Bidensmeyeri (Asteraceae, Coreopsideae): a new critically endangered species from Rapa, Austral Islands. PhytoKeys, 42: 39-47. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.42.8408

Mandel, Jennifer R., Dikow, Rebecca B., Funk, Vicki Ann, Masalia, Rishi R., Staton, S. Evan, Kozik, Alex, Michelmore, Richard W., Rieseberg, Loren H. and Burke, John M. 2014. A Target Enrichment Method for Gathering Phylogenetic Information from Hundreds of Loci: An Example from the Compositae. Applications in Plant Sciences, 2(2) doi:10.3732/apps.1300085

Robinson, Harold E. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2014. Gymnanthemum koekemoera (Compositae, Vernonieae), a new species from South Africa. PhytoKeys, 36: 59-65. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.36.7386

Robinson, Harold E. and Funk, Vicki Ann 2014. Dysaster cajamarcensis. a new shrubby genus and species of Astereae (Asteraceae) from Peru. PhytoKeys, 36: 35-40.

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