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Paul M. Peterson

Paul M. Peterson

Research Botanist & Curator

Phone: 202-633-0975
Fax: 202-786-2563
E-mail Address: PETERSON@si.edu

Postal Address
(Mail and Packages):

MRC-166/Botany
Smithsonian Institution
PO Box 37012
Washington, DC 20013-7012

Courier Address:
National Museum of Natural History
West Loading Dock
10th and Constitution Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20560-0166


Education
     Ph.D. Botany, 1988, Washington State University, Pullman, WA$M.S. Biology, 1984, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV$B.A. Botany, 1977, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA

Research Interests
     I am most interested in species and generic relationships, and biogeographical patterns in the grasses (Poaceae). My specialty is biosystematic studies of the grasses using a multitude of techniques ranging from in depth morphological, anatomical, cytological, micromorphological, molecular, cladistic, and population based genetic studies using soluble enzymes. I have completed revisionary studies in large grass genera, such as: Eragrostis, Muhlenbergia, and Sporobolus, all important forage grasses. I serve as editor of our department's periodical, Contributions from the United States National Herbarium.

Recent Publications - (All Publications)

Ibrahim, Kamal M. and Peterson, Paul M. 2014. Grasses of Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 99: 1-128. doi:10.5479/si.19382812.99

Liu, Qing, Jiang, Bin, Wen, Jun and Peterson, Paul M. 2014. Low-copy nuclear gene and McGISH resolves polyploid history of Eleusine coracana and morphological character evolution in Eleusine. Turkish Journal of Botany, 38: 1-12. doi:10.3906/bot-1305-12

Romaschenko, Konstantin, Garcia-Jacas, Nuria, Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert J., Vilatersana, Roser and Susanna, Alfonso 2014. Miocene–Pliocene speciation, introgression, and migration of Patis and Ptilagrostis (Poaceae: Stipeae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 70: 244-259. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.018

Herrera, Yolanda and Peterson, Paul M. 2013. Poaceae. In: Lot, A., Medina Lemos, R. and Chiang, F., Plantas acuáticas mexicanas: una contribucion a la flora de México. México, D.F.: Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, pp.255-305.

Snow, Neil, Peterson, Paul M. and Romaschenko, Konstantin 2013. Systematics of Disakisperma (Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Chlorideae). Phytokeys, 26: 21-70. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.26.5649

Peterson, Paul M.. Poaceae (Gramineae). (http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/21907): 2012.

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Chlorideae Martinov. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.79

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Muhlenbergia. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1464-1473.

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Zoysieae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.204

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Clave de las Tribus de Chloridoideae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.76

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Clave de los Generos de Chloridoideae. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentia: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.76-78.

Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Tribu Eragrostideae Stapf. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Cordoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.175

Peterson, Paul M. and Canas, D. Giraldo 2012. Eragrostis Wolf. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.178-203.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo Canas, D. 2012. Muhlenbergia Schreb. In: Zuloaga, Fernando O., Rúgolo de Agrasar, Zulma E. and Anton, Ana M., Monocotyledoneae, Poaceae: Aristidoideae a Pharoideae. Córdoba: Graficamente Ediciones,(Flora Argentina: Flora Vascular de la República Argentina) pp.140-154.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Canas, D. 2012. The genus Eragrostis (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) in northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru): morphological and taxonomic studies. Biblioteca Jose Jeronimo Triana, 24: 1-195.

Peterson, Paul M. and Harvey, M. J. 2012. Agrostis. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1413-1417.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin, Snow, Neil and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2012. A Molecular Phylogeny and Classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) Sensu Lato and Related Genera. Annals of Botany, 109(7): 1317-1330. doi:10.1093/aob/mcs077

Peterson, Paul M. and Saarela, J. M. 2012. Calamagrostis. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1431-1439.

Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John and Smith, S. F. 2012. Poaceae. In: Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro and Strong, M. T., Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution,(Smithsonian Contributions to Botany) pp.714-766.

Refulio-Rodriguez, N., Columbus, J. T., Gillespie, L. J., Peterson, Paul M. and Soreng, Robert John 2012. Molecular phylogeny of Dissanthelium (Poaceae: Pooideae) and its taxonomic implications. Systematic Botany, 37(1): 122-133. doi:10.600/036364412X616701

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Garcia-Jacas, N., Futorna, O. and Susanna, Alfonso 2012. Systematics and evolution of the needle grasses (Poaceae: Pooideae: Stipeae) based on analysis of multiple chloroplast loci, ITS, and lemma micromorphology. Taxon, 61(1): 18-44.

Saarela, J. M. and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Bromus. In: Baldwin, B. G., Goldman, D. H., Keil, D. J., Patterson, R., Rosatti, T. J. and Wilken, D. H., The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California
.
Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.1426-1435.

Snow, Neil and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Nomenclatural notes on Dinebra, Diplachne, Disakisperma and Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae). Phytoneuron, 2012-71: 1-2.

Snow, Neil and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Systematics of Trigonochloa (Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Chlorideae). PhytoKeys, 13: 25-38. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.13.3355

Soreng, Robert J. and Peterson, Paul M. 2012. Revision of Poa L. (Poaceae, Pooideae, Poeae, Poinae) in Mexico: new records, re-evaluation of P. ruprechtii, and two new species, P. palmeri and P. wendtii. PhytoKeys, 15: 1-104. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.15.3084

Jiang, Bin, Peterson, Paul M. and Liu, Qing 2011. Caryopsis micromorphology of Eleusine Gaertn. (Poaceae) and its systematic implications. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 19(3): 195-204.

Liu, Qing, Peterson, Paul M. and Ge, Xue-Jun 2011. Phylogenetic signals in the realized climate niches of Chinese grasses (Poaceae). Plant Ecology, 212(10): 1733-1746. doi:10.1007/s11258

Liu, Qing, Triplett, Jimmy K., Wen, Jun and Peterson, Paul M. 2011. Allotetraploid origin and divergence in Eleusine (Chloridoideae, Poaceae): evidence from low-copy nuclear gene phylogenies and a plastid gene chronogram. Annals of Botany, 108(7): 1287-1298. doi:10.1093/aob/mcr231

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Canas, D. 2011. Las especies de Muhlenbergia (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) de Argentina. Caldasia, 33(1): 21-54.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin, Barker, Nigel P. and Linder, H. Peter 2011. Centropodieae and Ellisochloa, a new tribe and genus in Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Taxon, 60(4): 1113-1122.

Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Styer, D., Neubauer, D., Morgan, R. and Yadon, V. 2011. Agrostis lacuna-vernalis (Pooideae: Poeae: Agrostidinae), a new species from California. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 5(2): 421-426.

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Futorna, O. and Susanna, A. 2011. Phylogenetics of Piptatherum s.l. (Poaceae: Stipeae): evidence for a new genus, Piptatheropsis, and resurrection of Patis. Taxon, 60(6): 1703-1716.

Columbus, J. T., Peterson, Paul M., Refulio Rodriguez, N. F., Cerros Tlatilpa, R. and Kinney, M. S. 2010. Phylogenetics of Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae, Cynodonteae) based on ITS and trnL-F DNA sequences. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.477-495.

Davidse, Gerrit, Soreng, Robert John and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Poa unispiculata, a new gynodioecious species of cushion grass from Peru with a single spikelet per inflorescence (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae: Poinae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4(1): 37-44.

Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda, Peterson, Paul M. and Cortes Ortiz, Armando 2010. Gramineas de Zacatecas, Mexico. SIDA, Contributions to Botany, 32: 1-239.

Liu, Q., Zhang, D. X. and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Lemma micromorphological characters in the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) optimized on a molecular phylogeny. South African Journal of Botany, 76(2): 196-209. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.10.006

Liu, Qing and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Advances in systematics of adaptively radiated Eleusine Gaertn. (Poaceae). Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 18(3): 335-342.

Peterson, Paul M. and Giraldo-Cañas, Diego 2010. Contribuciones para una monografía de las species Americanas de Eragrostis (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae): novedades para Colombia, México y Perú.. Revista Institucional Universidad Tecnológica del Chocó, 29(1): 5-11.

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2010. A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 55(2): 580-598. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.018

Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2010. A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany, 97(9): 1532-1554. doi:10.3732/ajb.0900359

Romaschenko, K., Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John, Garcia-Jacas, N. and Susanna, A. 2010. Phylogenetics of Stipeae (Poaceae: Pooideae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.511-537.

Saarela, Jeffery, Peterson, Paul M., Gonzalez, Elizondo M. and Rosen, David 2010. Eleocharis cryptica (Cyperaceae), a dwarf new species from Durango, Mexico. Brittonia, 62(3): 233-238. doi:10.1007/s12228-009-9111-y

Saarela, Jeffrey M., Liu, Qing, Peterson, Paul M., Soreng, Robert John and Paszko, Beata 2010. Phylogenetics of the grass 'Aveneae-type plastid DNA clade' (Poaceae: Pooideae, Poeae) based on plastid and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence data. In: Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S. and Davis, J. I., Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp.557-587.

Soreng, Robert J. and Peterson, Paul M. 2010. Poa ramifer (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae: Poinae), a new aerially branching gynomonoecious species from Peru. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4(2): 587-594.

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