Burbidgea Hook. f.
Bot. Mag. t. 6403 (1879); R.M. Sm., Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 297-306 (1972).
Type: B. nitida Hook. f.
Rhizomatous herbs up to c. 3 m high, sometimes epiphytic; stems many leaved, lamina petiolate or sessile, lanceolate to elliptic and up to c. 4 times as long as broad or narrowly lanceolate and up to 12 times as long as broad, caudate acuminate, glabrous or pubescent. Inflorescence few to many flowered, terminal on the leafy stem with up to 3 bladeless sheaths at the base, unbranched. Bracts usually absent, flowers borne singly, rarely in pairs on the main axis, shortly pedicellate; calyx clearly or obscurely bilobed, corolla tube long exserted or not, dorsal petal broadly ovate or elliptic; labellum forming a tube with the filament at the base, narrow, held erect, bilobed in upper 1/2 - 1/3, the bilobed part petaloid or not; lateral staminodes absent. Stamen with no free filament, anther thecae parallel, connective prolonged into an elongated dentate or more or less entire crest; stigma more or less truncate, ciliate; epigynous glands short, thick, often not divided to the base; ovary trilocular, placentation axile; fruit, as far as is known, a much elongated dry capsule, probably splitting irregularly down one side, seed apiculate, almost completely enclosed by a chartaceous aril. (From Hook. f., 1879) 2n = 48. (From Kubitsky, et al., p.491)
Found in the Malaysian peninsula and Borneo.
Comprises six species. Burbidgea flowers fall into two distinct groups: in one the dorsal petal is broadly ovate and bilobed part of the lip petaloid (B. nitida, B. paciflora and B. longiflora); in the other the dorsal petal is elliptic and the lip non-petaloid (B. schizocheila, B. stenantha and B. pubescens). All have predominately yellow orange flowers, often pink-tinged, and in all cases darkening with age. (Smith, R.M., p. 298 Vol 31 No 2 Edin. Royal Bot. Garden Notes (1972))
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