Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Advanced Search

Zingiber Boehm.
Def. Gen. P1. ed. 3:89 (1760), nom. cons.

Description:
     Herbs with creeping, fleshy rhizome. Inflorescence cylindrical to ovoid, long pedunculate or sessile; bracts often bright red or yellow, closely imbricate or with the apices free, forming pouches filled with mucilage, each enclosing a 1(-2-4)- flowered cincinnus, margins patent or inflexed; bracteole open to the base; flower color white to yellow with red to purple markings; calyx tubular, split down 1 side; corolla tube about as long as the bracts, lateral lobes connate to each other and to the center of the labellum in the lower 1/3; labellum 3-lobed, filament short. Capsule first fleshy, later leathery, subglobose, dehiscent; seeds with white, lacerate aril. 2n 22, some cultivars polyploid. (From Kubitzki, et al., p. 488)

Geographical Distribution:
     Examples of Zingiber are widespread in tropical Asia with centers of diversity in Indochina and Borneo.

Taxonomic Diversity:
     Comprises about 100 species.

Drawing of Zingiber gramineum by Alice Tangerini.
Zingiber macrostachyum Dalz.
Zingiber barbatum Wall.
Zingiber flagelliforme Mood & Theilade
Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.

[ TOP ]